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(Definition of motive and motivation)

motive) movere "


(move) "

1.

"





" (Walters.1978 :218)

2.

"




" (Loundon and
Bitta.1988:368)



2
(1)
(2)


1.

Achievement Motive)

(Standard of Excellence)





1.

(Hope of Success) (Fear of Failure)

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.



Motivation Theory



1.
(Homeostasis and drive theory)


(homeostasis)



(physiological or
psychological imbalance)

2. (Theory of needs and drives)



(drive)

(need)












3.

(Incentive theory)
.. 1950

(drive-reduction theory)


(incentives)
(interaction)





4.
(Instinct theory)






William McDougall Social psychology

.. 1908
- (flight)
- (repulsion)
- (curiosity)
- (pugnacity)
- (self-abasement)
- (self-assertion)
- (reproduction)
-
(gregariousness)
- (acquisition)
- (construction)



5.
(Theory of unconscious motivation)



(life instincts)
(death instincts)





6.
(Cognitive theory)

(cognition) (knowing)
(perception)






(goal-seeking behavior)


Festinger (1957)
(cognitive dissonance)






7.
(Spiritual theory)
9.


(2545) " (the life continuum)
(the unconscious) "

""



" "

1 (Aroused Motive)
(Motivational Disposition Latent Motive)

2 (Intrinsic Motive)
(Extrinsic Motive)

3 (Primary Motive)
, (Secondary Motive)

(Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation)



(Competence)



(Curiosity)
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(MAW&MAW,1964) (Indicators)

1.
2.
3.
4.

(Maw and Maw, 1964, 1965)



(Growth Needs)