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SCOUT

and

M
M+

GPS
GPS

SCOUT
U S E R S

G U I D E

February 1995 Revision C

Trimble SCOUTM GPS Trimble SCOUTM+ GPS User's Guide


Part Number 22370

and

Trimble Navigation Limited


645 North Mary Avenue P.O. Box 3642 Sunnyvale, CA 94088-3642 408-481-8000 1-800-827-8000 FAX: 408-481-2997

CHANGE RECORD

Trimble SCOUTM GPS Trimble SCOUTM+ GPS User's Guide


This manual applies to the Trimble SCOUTM GPS Receiver, Model Number 17319, and Trimble SCOUTM+ GPS Receiver, Model Number 23908-00. In this manual, all references to SCOUTM apply to the SCOUTM+. When a function applies only to the SCOUTM+ receiver functions, it is so noted in the text. Change Date April 1993 February 1994 Comment Revision A1 Revision B Description New release Updates include SCOUTM+ enhancements. Addition of CDI, dataport configuration, NMEA, RTCM SC-104, and TSIP protocols. Change cover.
and

February 1995

Revision C

The warranty registration and reader comment form is in the front of this manual. Comments and suggestions are solicited and become the property of Trimble Navigation Limited. Additional copies of this manual may be ordered from: Trimble Navigation Limited 645 North Mary Avenue P.O. Box 3642 Sunnyvale, CA 94088-3642 408-481-8000 1-800-827-8000

1995 Trimble Navigation Limited

Trimble SCOUTM GPS


Description On/Off Left/Right Up/Down Enter Command Waypoint Example: Set Coordinate Style 1. Press 2. Press 3. Press 4. Press 5. Press 6. Press 7. Press 8. Press or or Key or

Quick Reference
Function Press for On. Hold for Off. Move left or right through index or data Select commands or change data Proceed with a command

8 or 9

Start or abort command screens Save position

to turn on. to select SETUP index screen. to start command screen. to select COORDINATE STYLE. to proceed with command. to see available options. to choose displayed option. to select another index screen.

8 or 9 8 or 9

Trimble SCOUTM GPS


GPS
Position Fix

INDEX
TIME
Timer Functions

MEM
Waypoint Library

NAV
Course and Speed Goal

SETUP
User Preferences

MORE
Additional Functions

Commands
Enter Altitude Satellite Data

Commands
Create Waypoint Modify Waypoint Rename Waypoint Erase Waypoint Erase Library

Altitude Change Arrival Speed of Advance Trackline Info Average Speed Total Distance Routes

Commands
Start/Stop Timer Preset Timer Reset Timer

Commands
Change Language Select Units Coordinate Style Mapping Datum North Reference Time/Date Style Time Adjustment Screen Contrast Screen Light Auto ShutOff GPS Update Rate

Commands
From A to B . . . Offset From . . . Find Nearest 10 Average & Save Sun Data Moon Data Reset Battery Hours

Commands
Set Goal See Route OPS Reset Trackline Totalizer 0 Average Speed 0

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Table of Contents

Trimble SCOUTM GPS Receiver.................... 1 The Global Positioning System ..................... 2 Equipment Care.............................................. 3
Batteries.................................................................................... 4

SCOUTM GPS Keypad.................................... 6 Power On and OFF ......................................... 7


Power On .................................................................................. 7 Power Off/Status....................................................................... 7

Satellite Almanac Collection.......................... 9 Screen Category Index Display ................... 10 General Operating Procedures.................... 11 GPS Screens................................................. 12
Position (Additional Information) ............................................. 13 Entering an Altitude to Aid 2D Fixes ....................................... 14 Satellite Data........................................................................... 16 Information Available on Screen....................................... 16

Setup Screens .............................................. 18


Coordinate Style...................................................................... 19 MGRS - Military Grid Reference System .......................... 20 Lat Lon Seconds and Lat Lon Minutes ............................. 21 UTM Coordinates - Universal Transverse Mercator......... 21 OSGB - Ordnance Survey of Great Britain....................... 22

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Trimble SCOUTM and SCOUTM+ Mapping Datums..................................................................... 22 North Reference/Azimuth Units(Degrees, Mils, or Radians) .. 24 Set Time/Date Style ................................................................ 25 Set Date Format ............................................................... 25 Set Clock Style ................................................................. 26 Local Time Adjustment ........................................................... 26 Change Language .................................................................. 27 Select Units............................................................................. 28 Distance Units .................................................................. 29 Speed Units ...................................................................... 29 Altitude Units .................................................................... 30 Screen Light On/Off ................................................................ 30 Screen Contrast ...................................................................... 31 Auto Shutoff ............................................................................ 31 GPS Update Rate ................................................................... 32

Memory Screens (Waypoint Library)........... 33


Existing Waypoints ................................................................. 34 Creating New Waypoints and Modifying Existing Waypoints . 34 Create Waypoint............................................................... 35 Modify Waypoint ............................................................... 37 Change Name............................................................ 37 Change Grid Zone, Coordinate, or Altitude................ 38 Rename Waypoint............................................................ 39 Erase Waypoint ................................................................ 39 Erase Library .................................................................... 39 Emergency Memory Erase (Zeroize)................................ 40

Navigation Screens ...................................... 41


Information and Command Screens....................................... 42 Course and Speed............................................................ 43 Goal ................................................................................. 44 Set Goal ..................................................................... 44 Altitude Change ................................................................ 44 Arrival ............................................................................... 45

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Trimble SCOUTM and SCOUTM+ Speed of Advance ............................................................ 45 Trackline Info.................................................................... 46 Reset Trackline.......................................................... 46 Totals (Distance and Time) .............................................. 46 Reset Totals............................................................... 47 Average Speed................................................................. 47 Reset Average Speed................................................ 47 Routes - A Special Command Feature ................................... 48 Route Command Screens ................................................ 49 See More Routes? ..................................................... 49 Modify Route?............................................................ 49 Activate Route? (or Route OFF?) .............................. 52 Reverse Route? ......................................................... 52 Erase Route? ............................................................. 52

Time Screens ................................................ 53


Preset, Reset, and Start Timer ............................................... 53 Preset Timer ..................................................................... 55 Start or Stop Timer ........................................................... 56 Reset Timer ...................................................................... 57

More Uses Screens ...................................... 58


From Waypoint A to Waypoint B............................................. 58 Offset From Current Position .................................................. 59 Find Nearest Ten Waypoints .................................................. 62 Average and Save Position..................................................... 63 Sun Data ................................................................................. 63 Date and Time, Elevation and Azimuth ............................ 64 Elevation and Azimuth ...................................................... 65 Moon Data .............................................................................. 65 Reset Hours ............................................................................ 66 Dataport Configuration SCOUTM+ Only................................. 67

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Appendix A - Mapping Datums Appendix B - Advanced Features (Custom Datums) Appendix C - Glossary Appendix D - Time Zone Chart Appendix E - Accessory Kits Appendix F - SCOUTM+ Enhancements Index

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NOTES

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Trimble SCOUTM GPS Receiver


The Trimble SCOUTM receiver is a small, hand-held, battery-powered GPS receiver with three channels capable of tracking up to eight satellites simultaneously. With the receiver you can determine position, navigate, and store positions. Positions are stored individually (as waypoints) in memory. The receiver holds up to 100 positions in battery-backed up memory. The SCOUTM+ can store up to 250 waypoints, with 26 routes of 20 legs each.

The receiver contains all the position and navigation functions expected in a full-featured GPS receiver. It supports Military Grid Reference System (MGRS), Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM), Ordnance Survey of Great Britain (OSGB), and Latitude/Longitude coordinate systems. It provides navigation functions such as range, bearing, and cross-track error. The receiver contains 123 datums, including two additional userdefined datums.

Trimble SCOUTM and SCOUTM+

The SCOUTM receiver operates in seven languages: English, French, Italian, German, Japanese, Norwegian, and Spanish. Your receiver has a built-in antenna (above the display screen underneath the Trimble Navigation "sextant" logo) that receives signals from all GPS satellites that are visible from your position. Hold the receiver so that the logo is flat to the horizon, with a clear view of the sky. The receiver will automatically sort through and lock onto the strongest signals in view from horizon to horizon. (See Appendix E for an illustrated parts list for accessory kits.) The signals received from the satellites allow the powerful microprocessors in the SCOUTM receiver to compute the precise distance from the best satellites to your location, and through basic geometry, locate you in three dimensions: your exact earth coordinates and altitude. The exact time for your location is also calculated. In addition, when moving, your receiver precisely computes your speed of advance and direction of travel. Simply insert the coordinates of important map positions checkpoints, targets, obstaclesinto the waypoint memory, and you are ready to start navigating. The Navigation screen (NAV) incorporates a Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) as a steer-to indicator, giving you a visual representation of your position in relation to your desired track.

The Global Positioning System


The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a major military satellite-based, radio navigation system developed by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). GPS consists of 24 satellites in 12-hour orbits. The satellites emit signals which can be tracked by receivers for positioning and navigation. The GPS system provides day and night, allweather, worldwide, 24-hour navigation capability.

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Equipment Care
The Trimble SCOUTM receiver has a robust design and should serve you well in all climates and military environments. As with most electronic instruments, you should exercise prudent care and treat this precision navigation device with respect. Here are a few helpful hints for care and handling. When not in use, secure the Trimble SCOUTM receiver in the carrying case and slip it into your pocket, or other protected location.

Use the lanyard provided to avoid accidentally dropping the receiver. Do not immerse in water or solvents. Use a damp cloth to clean the unit. Use a lens brush to clean the window of sand or other material that could cause scratches. Keep charged batteries installed at all times to maintain the waypoint and satellite almanac memory. Cut out the Quick Reference Card, found in the front of this manual. Fold and place in the carrying case pocket. Fill out and mail the warranty card, found in the front of this manual. The serial number of your receiver is located inside the battery compartment.

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Batteries
Four AA batteries power the SCOUTM receiver. Batteries can last up to 20 hours at four position fixes per hour (intermittent operation), and up to 5 hours continuous use when using the maximum update rate. Replace batteries whenever you see the Batteries low reminder and before storage. ---------------Batteries low... Please replace. ----------------

It is important to store the receiver with fresh batteries to save memory. If the receiver is left without batteries for more than 30 minutes, all memory may be lost. When storing the SCOUTM receiver for an extended period of time, install a fresh set of batteries. If unused, the batteries will maintain the memory for over a year. NOTE: Because battery life is variable, it's a good idea to have an extra set of batteries on hand whenever planning extended use of your SCOUTM receiver.

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To install batteries: 1. Turn the receiver over. 2. Press the battery pack latch down while sliding out the battery pack. 3. Install new batteries by following the diagram inside the battery pack. (If batteries are installed incorrectly, the receiver may malfunction or be permanently damaged.)

Battery Installation

4. Slide the battery pack in until the lock engages. 5. Reset the battery timer. See Reset Uses Screen section. Hours in the More

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SCOUTM GPS Keypad

Keypad The Trimble SCOUTM receiver is operated from a simple, eight-position keypad. The receiver is self-initializing; that is, it will automatically locate its position anywhere outdoors in the world, without user inputs. So, just turn it on. The SCOUTM does the rest.

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Power On and OFF


Power On
The SCOUTM receiver ON/OFF key, located at the bottom of the keypad, has a unique tactile feel for low-light operation. One press powers up your receiver.

Trimble Navigation TRIMBLE SCOUTM Copyright(c)199 4.


status messages

Observe the messages on the bottom row for important selfdiagnostic status messages.

Power Off/Status
To power off your Trimble SCOUTM receiver, press and hold the ON/OFF key. You will see a countdown screen as shown below: ---Power OFF-countdown ( 4 s e c o n d s ) Screenlight OFF satellites tracked A? = 2.3hr

screenlight status battery usage timer

almanac warning
On the countdown screen, in addition to the 4-second delay which prevents accidental turn off, there is useful
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information which can be viewed at any time. (Just make sure that you hold down the ON/OFF key less than 4 seconds.) The bottom left side of the screen shows how many satellites are being tracked, each satellite indicated by a symbol. The battery usage is shown on the bottom right. You should use the Reset Hours command to reset this each time batteries are changed. See the procedure in the More Uses Screen section. Also shown on this line is the almanac warning, which is covered later in this section. If the key is released during the countdown, the SCOUTM receiver returns to the previous screen. To skip the 4-second countdown, press 9 while pressing the ON/OFF key. When the SCOUTM is turned off, all user-input settings, waypoints, and the satellite almanac are maintained in volatile memory. If batteries have been removed for more than 30 minutes, memory may be lost.

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Satellite Almanac Collection


The first time you use your Trimble SCOUTM receiver, or if the batteries are dead, or if it has been a long time since using the receiver, you may have to allow the receiver to read the latest almanac of information from the satellites. It takes at least 12.5 minutes of continuous reception to collect the entire almanac from scratch, but almanac updates are regularly read and stored in memory whenever the receiver is being used. ----Power OFF--( 2 seconds) Screenlight OFF A? = 2.3hr

almanac warning
To check the condition of almanac memory, press and hold the ON/OFF key briefly (less than 4 seconds) to view the Power Off/Status screen. If the A? almanac warning flag is shown, please allow the receiver to read the almanac by following this procedure: 1. Place on a flat surface with the antenna (under the Trimble sextant logo) parallel to the horizon, with an unobstructed view of the sky. Turn the receiver on. 2. Wait approximately 15 to 20 minutes. Check for the almanac warning flag. It should have disappeared. To minimize additional almanac collection, replace batteries whenever you see the Batteries low reminder and before storage.

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Screen Category Index Display


The SCOUTM receiver is preprogrammed with all of the information needed for hand-held navigation. Access this information through the use of the index screen. The categories available are shown below.

(Index)

GPS MEM MORE

NAV

TIME

SETUP

Master Index Use either the or keys to move through the index. When first powered up, the SCOUTM always starts in the GPS Screen mode.

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General Operating Procedures


After selecting one of the six categories from the index screen, a standard operating procedure is used to gain access to subscreens to request, enter, or change data. On-screen prompts are displayed continuously if you should need reminders:

to quit, or to change, and to proceed.


The general operating sequence is as follows: 1. Press to enter the list of operations under a major function screen. 2. Scroll through the list of operations with the 8 or 9 keys. 3. Upon selecting an operation for further review, press to enter the subscreen. 4. Scroll through the subscreen lists with the 8 or 9 keys or proceed to step 5. 5. Use the or keys to move the cursor for changing data. 6. Enter alphanumeric data using the 8 and 9 keys. 7. When data entry is complete, press to record the change and return to the operations list under step 2. Abort any change in any step (except step 7) by pressing . Some operations contain preprogrammed information which allow selection of an option; for example, datums, units of measure, etc. In these cases, steps 5 and 6 may be skipped. Some message screens are not illustrated in this guide. NOTE: In this guide, the SETUP screen procedures are discussed before MEMory, NAVigation, and TIME. The SETUP information you enter into the receiver determines how the data is displayed on the screens.

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GPS Screens
In this mode, the receiver displays your current position (when tracking at least three satellites) or the previous (old) position fix, and satellite data. These screens change (as shown below) as additional satellites are acquired. No GPS satellites? MGRS (10 S) EG 56422 41512 61m
top line scrolls coordinate style / old position

old altitude

No satellites are being tracked. MGRS (Military Grid Reference System) is the coordinate style shown. The last position calculated is shown. Have 1 satellite. MGRS (10 S) EG 56422 41512 61m
top line scrolls coordinate style / old position

1 satellite, old altitude

One satellite is being tracked. The time within the SCOUTM is accurate. Have 2 satellites. MGRS (10 S) EG 56422 41512 61m
top line scrolls coordinate style / old position 2 satellites, old altitude

Two satellites are being tracked. The altitude is from previous position fix.

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3 satellites MGRS (10 S) EG 56444 41508 71m

number of SVs / GPS position coordinate style new 2D solution user-input altitude (see next section)

Three satellites are being tracked and a two-dimension (2D) solution calculated. If an accurate user altitude is known, it can be entered for a more accurate position solution (see next section). 4 satellites MGRS (10 S) EG 56433 41510 60m Four satellites are being tracked with a three-dimension (3D) solution calculated, including altitude.
number of SVs / GPS position coordinate style new 3D solution

Position (Additional Information)


Press to get additional information about the current position or last position in memory. Posfix: 16Nov93 13:07:37.2 GPS 2D 1000m
date of position fix time of position fix 2D or 3D solution and accuracy

In normal operation, the SCOUTM uses signals from four satellites to provide position fixes in three dimensions, including altitude. If only three SVs are available, the calculated positions are two dimensional (no altitude); the labels for data items related to altitude flash alternately with the message 2D. In this case, the accuracy of the fix depends
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on an accurate estimate of the altitude, whether from the previous 3D solution or operator entry. The altitude shown should be verified or changed by the user. If the SCOUTM has been receiving signals from four SVs and loses contact with one of them, it switches from 3D to 2D operation. When 3D fixes resume, the SCOUTM resumes display of the GPS-calculated altitude.

Entering an Altitude to Aid 2D Fixes


If only three satellites are available, the calculated positions are two dimensional (no altitude). In this case, the accuracy of the position fix depends on an accurate estimate of the altitude, whether from the previous 3D fix or by manual entry. 1. Press to see commands available: Enter Altitude? or Satellite Data? 2. Press 8 or 9 to display Enter Altitude? 3. Press to select Enter Altitude?. 4. Use the arrow keys ( character or number.

8 9 ) to change the underscored

The screen sequence is as follows:


top-line prompts appear

Enter altitude?

or Satellite data?

Press to select Enter Altitude or to quit.

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+00061m (altitude)

1. Press or to move the blinking cursor under the numerals or the sign for + (above sea level) or (below sea level). 2. Press 8 or 9 to alter the numerals or signs as desired. 3. Press to when done. The screen will change back to the GPS main screen and your entered altitude will be used for 2D fixes. 4. Press

at any time to abort the change.

MGRS (10 S) EG 54228 51027 (altitude) 71m

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Satellite Data
1. Press to see commands available. Press to select Satellite data. In this mode you can learn about the satellites that are visible from your current position. The SCOUTM is able to track up to eight satellites at one time.

signal strength when locked


SV12 _Searching elv+70 azm35 Tr ura: 32.0m
satellite vehicle/status satellite elevation and azimuth user range accuracy satellites tracked

PDOP when a position fix is made


2. Press 8 or 9 to scroll through the satellites being tracked.

Information Available on Screen


Elevation (elv) - satellite's angle of elevation above the horizon from you current position. Azimuth (azm) - used to describe the location of the satellite from your current location, using north as a reference. User Range Accuracy (ura) - satellite user range accuracy. The URA is sent by the satellite and computed by the GPS receiver. Typical values range from 4 to 32. Lower numbers provide higher position accuracy. n/a - means that the signal is not available; generally indicates that the receiver is searching for the satellite. Position Dilution of Precision (PDOP) - value determining the uncertainty of position. Good values are between 2 and 7. Again, a lower number provides better accuracy.

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3. Press again to get a summary of satellite information.


used in GPS solution relative signal strength elevation angle azimuth ura

27L 02 L 19 s 17 h

57/74 32m 70/351 4m 24/100 32m 38/315 n/a

SV status SV number

The following letters are used to indicate SV Status on the display screen: L = locked onto satellite h = unhealthy satellite d = collecting data s = searching for satellite r = requiring satellite

1. Press to continue to scroll through all summary screens. 2. Press and then press the 8 or 9 keys to scroll through individual SV screens. to exit satellite screens and return to the GPS 3. Press or position screen.

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Setup Screens
The SETUP screens allow you to choose the units, styles, or receiver operation parameters that best suit your navigational needs. The following User Reference commands are accessed through this mode:
Change language? Select units? Coordinate style? Mapping datum? North reference? Time/date style? Time adjustment? Screen contrast Screenlight ON? Auto shutoff? GPS update rate?

As you scroll through the choices, the option currently being used by the system is indicated by an * beside that choice. Press the or keys to move the cursor on the index screen to the SETUP position. Your index screen will look like this:


SETUP The main SETUP screen will appear next: -----SETUP------<units> <north> <coord.style> <screen light>

(Index)

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1. Press to see command selection.

2. Scroll through the choices listed above using the 8 or 9 keys. The list repeats, or you can reverse direction by pressing the opposite (8 or 9) key.

3. Press to open a selection for change. Then press 8 or 9 to see available options. Press to selection an option.

Coordinate Style
Coordinate systems are used to describe a position on earth a curved, three dimensional surfacein a way that can be translated to the flat surface of a map. The SCOUTM receiver offers a choice of five coordinate styles:

MGRS - Military Grid Reference System (default setting) Lat/Lon Minutes (Latitude/Longitude Altitude) Lat/Lon Seconds OSGB - Ordnance Survey of Great Britain UTM - Universal Transverse Mercator

Because each coordinate system resolves your position to within less than 100 meters, no particular system is more accurate than another. Your choice is determined by personal preference and access to maps or other geographical information. The Trimble SCOUTM receiver prime (or default) coordinate style is the Military Grid Reference System (MGRS). Once preferences are set, they remain until changed or the SCOUTM receiver is without battery power for longer than 30 minutes. At this point, the receiver will automatically default or reset to the prime style for coordinates and all other default settings.

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Coordinate Style LatLon Seconds 1. Press 8 or 9 to scroll through your options: 2. Press to choose your preferred system and return to the main SETUP screen. The following sections provide additional information about each of the five coordinate styles.

MGRS - Military Grid Reference System


The U.S. Army Military Grid Reference System is designated for use with the UTM grids. MGRS reduces the length of written coordinates by substituting several letters for several numbers. This prevents an error in location (worldwide) that could occur using numbers alone. 4 satellites MGRS (10 S) EG 56433 41510 60m

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Lat Lon Seconds and Lat Lon Minutes


The latitude/longitude coordinate system is based upon angular distance north or south of the equator (latitude) and east or west of the Prime Meridian at Greenwich, England (longitude). This is usually expressed in Degrees, Minutes and Seconds. CHECKPOINT B N 3747'38.9" W 12212'12.8" 100ft

UTM Coordinates - Universal Transverse Mercator


The UTM coordinate system is typically used on topographical maps. It is a worldwide coordinate grid that can be used anywhere between 84 north and 80south latitude. Positions are shown in terms of how far north and east they are from a given reference point. This is known as northing and easting. An example screen follows: CHECKPOINT A UTM 10 543521 T 5132991 100ft

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OSGB - Ordnance Survey of Great Britain


This is a coordinate system used in Great Britain. Again, it makes use of northing and easting to describe your current location. BUCKINGHAM OSGB NP 60845E 90308N 400ft
waypoint name grid zone/easting coordinate northing coordinate altitude

Mapping Datums
A datum is a mathematical model of the earth's shape used by cartographers to draw maps. For the GPS-computer position to agree with a corresponding position on your map, the datum you select must match up with the datum used to create the map. This datum is usually found in the map legend or title block on the map. A list of the 123 datum options and two user-defined datums within the SCOUTM receiver is shown in Appendix A. Many modern U.S. maps are based on the WGS-84 datum, which is the default setting in your SCOUTM receiver. To change your datum to correspond with your map datum 1. From the SETUP index screen, select the mapping datum screen. 2. Press the key and scroll through the choices using the 8 and 9 keys. 3. When you reach the desired datum option, press the key to select it.

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The screens appear as follows:

Mapping datum?

press

WGS-84 (World) (datum name)

option currently in use press

8 or 9 to change

BogotaObservatry (datum name)

press to enter new datum or to leave as it was

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North Reference/Azimuth Units (Degrees, Mils, or Radians)


This two-step command allows you to set either True or Magnetic North as your north reference and to select the azimuth units.

North reference? Press to see the options in this category:


True North - (the geographic North Pole).

Shown as Tr.
Magnetic North - north as indicated by a compass using

the earth's lines of magnetic force. Shown as Mg (default setting). 1. Press 8 or 9 to display your desired reference. 2. Press to enter this choice and proceed to select Azimuth option. 3. Press 8 or 9 to display your desired Azimuth option:
Degrees - 360 Mils - 6400 Radians - 2 pi

4. Press to enter your selection.

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Set Time/Date Style


Set Date Format
This two-step command allows you to set the date format and clock style.

Time/date style? The date can be displayed in seven different formats:


11/28/93 28/11/93 28-11-93 28.11.93 93-11-28 93.11.28 28NOV93 (default)

*07Feb94 (date format) 1. Press to see choices.

2. Press 8 or 9 to scroll through these choices. 3. Press to select a style and return to the main SETUP screen.

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Set Clock Style

*-24 hr clock (clock style) 1. Press to see options.


AM/PM 24-hour clock (default)

2. Press 8 or 9 to scroll between your two options:

3. Press to choose a style and return to the main SETUP screen.

Local Time Adjustment

Time adjustment? Use this option to set the clock in relation to UTC (Universal Coordinated Time) which is approximately the same as GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) or Zulu Time. See Appendix D for a Time Zone Chart. For example, Pacific Standard Time (or local time) is 8 hours earlier than UTC. This time difference (known as offset hours) will generally be negative in the western hemisphere and positive in the eastern. Time can be offset in 5-minute increments up to 15 hours and 55 minutes.

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1. Press to open this screen. 2. Press or to change. keys to move to the number/symbol you want

3. Press 8 or 9 to change it. 4. Press to enter this correct time offset into the receiver and return to the main SETUP screen.

Change Language

Change language! This option allows you to choose from seven languages:
English (default) French Italian German Japanese Spanish Norwegian

1. Press to open this screen.

2. Press 8 or 9 to scroll through the choices. 3. Press to choose a language and return to the main SETUP screen.

NOTE: Should you accidentally enter an alternative language screen that you are unable to understand, perform the following steps:

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1. Use or to move to the SETUP screen. All screens are in the same relative position, regardless of language. 2. Press to enter into the list of options. 3. Look for the Change Language! screen. It is the only one that ends with a ! instead of a ?. Press to continue in this mode.

4. Press 8 or 9 to scroll through the language options. Each one is shown in its own language, that is, English is always "English." 5. Press to choose a language. All screens will be displayed in your chosen language.

Select Units
This three-step command allows you to set distance, speed, and altitude units. These screens can be modified so information is displayed in the units that you desire.

Select units? Press to enter these screens.

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Distance Units

*-Miles and feet (distances)

The following choices are available for distance units:


Miles and feet Meters and Km (kilometers) (default) Nautical miles

1. Press 8 or 9 to scroll through the choices. 2. Press to choose a displayed option and move to the speed units screen.

Speed Units

*-Miles per hour (speeds)

Options under this screen are:


Miles per hour Kilometers per hour (default) Knots

1. Press 8 or 9 to scroll through your choices. 2. Press to choose a speed unit and return to the main SETUP screen.

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Altitude Units

*-Feet (altitudes) Altitude can be expressed in


Feet Meters (default)

1. Press 8 or 9 to switch between these options. 2. Press to choose a displayed option and return to the main SETUP screen.

Screen Light On/Off

Screenlight ON? This command turns the screen light ON for use in the dark and OFF for use in well-lit environments. Press to change current setting and return to the main SETUP screen. NOTE: The screen light can also be turned on immediately after turning the receiver on. As the copyright information runs across the screen, press . In addition, during operation, press the ON/OFF key and then the key to turn the screen light ON or OFF.

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Screen Contrast

Screen contrast? The SCOUTM receiver screen contrast has eight levels of adjustment, from 0 to 7. 1. Press to open this screen. 2. Press 8 to increase the level of contrast and 9 to decrease it. For most uses, the best level of contrast is setting 3 (default). 3. Press to choose a setting and return to the main SETUP screen.

Auto Shutoff

Auto Shutoff?

Use this function to program the receiver so that it automatically shuts off if no keys have been pressed within a set period of time. Auto Shutoff options are: 5, 30, 60, and 90 minutes, or never. Never is the default setting. 1. Press to open this screen. 2. Press 8 or 9 to scroll through the above options: In 5, 15, 30, 60, 90 minutes, or never. 3. Press to chose the displayed option and return to the main SETUP screen.
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This feature can greatly extend the time that one set of batteries are operationally useful by automatically turning off the SCOUTM when it is not been used.

GPS Update Rate

GPS update rate? GPS position fixes can be updated at two rates:
Maximum Rate - approximately every 1.5 seconds Battery Saving Rate - every 5 seconds (default)

Choosing the battery saving option may increase battery life. 1. Press to open this screen.

*- saving rate <GPS update>

2. Press 8 or 9 to change the displayed options. 3. Press to choose the update rate and return to the main SETUP screen.

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Memory Screens (Waypoint Library)

VT V V V V
MEM In MEM (Memory) mode, it is possible to save 100 positions (called waypoints) in the SCOUTM receiver memory. The SCOUTM+will save up to 250 waypoints. The memory screen will immediately flash the current library status: the number of waypoints used and the number available for use. The SCOUTM has a special key at the upper left of the keypad. Its sole function is to save waypoints. These positions are automatically given names that are a sequential variation of FIX00001. Each of the waypoints are input into the Waypoint Library and can be recalled under the MEM Screen.

(Index)

Waypoint Library 13 used 87 available

Following this screen, the receiver automatically displays the last waypoint used.

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waypoint name coordinate system and zone coordinate altitude

CHECKPOINT B MGRS (10S) EG 56079 41527 22m

Existing Waypoints
To scroll through your library of existing waypoints 1. Press

8 or 9 to scroll through the stored positions.

2. Press to display more information about a particular waypoint. Press again to return to the previous screen. The following type of more information screen appears:
name date created time created 2 dimensions; 100 m accuracy

SAVED FIX00004 created 13DEC92 16:07:58.0 GPS 2d 100m

Creating New Waypoints and Modifying Existing Waypoints


1. Press to see the command options under MEM. 2. Use
Create waypoint Erase library Rename waypoint Erase waypoint Modify waypoint

8 and 9 to scroll through the following options:

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Trimble SCOUTM and SCOUTM+ 3. Press to perform any of these functions, using the most recently displayed waypoint. 4. Press if you want to modify an existing waypoint other than the most recently displayed one. This returns you to the stored library and you can then scroll through the waypoints by using and .

After selecting a new waypoint, repeat Steps 1, 2, and 3. NOTE:

is used both to enter the command screens or to


exit it without changing the stored information.

Create Waypoint

(name)

Use this screen to assign a name to a waypoint. A flashing cursor indicates the position for data entry. 1. Use the and keys to scroll through numbers 0 to 9, the alphabet, and a variety of symbols. Enter your waypoint name. NOTE: Single clicks advance the characters one at a time; holding the key down allows for rapid scrolling, and two swift clicks advance by several characters. 2. Press to continue to the next space in the waypoint name and repeat the process. 3. When the name is complete, press .

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MGRS 10 S (grid zone) Enter your Grid zone. 1. Press 2. Press

8 or 9 to choose the correct grid zone number.

or

keys to move the flashing cursor.

3. Press to save your entry and return to the waypoint library screen.

EG 58533 41390 (MGRS Coord) Repeat steps 1, 2, and 3 to enter your MGRS coordinate.

00030m (altitude)

Repeat steps 1, 2, and 3, to enter your altitude. A similar procedure is used to enter waypoints if you are using other coordinate options.

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Modify Waypoint
Using this command, you can change the waypoint last displayed on the screen.

* CHECKPOINT RED (name)

Change Name
The procedure for modifying a name is the same as that for assigning a new name. 1. Press 2. Press

8 and 9 to assign a character. 8

or

to move the cursor to the desired location.

3. Press to continue. NOTE: To erase the old name completely, move the cursor under the asterisk and press . A new name can then be entered following the same steps as in Create a Waypoint.

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Change Grid Zone, Coordinate, or Altitude


To change grid zone, coordinate, or altitude 1. Use the and to move the cursor to the character you want to change. 2. Press

8 and 9 to actually change it.

3. Press when all location information is correct. Grid Zone MGRS 10S (grid zone) Altitude 00000m (altitude) Coordinate EG58533 41390 (MGRS COORD)

You will automatically save all information and return to the screen that displays this particular waypoint. To modify a different existing waypoint, use or to scroll through the library and then repeat the above procedure.

8 9

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Rename Waypoint
This function allows you to rename any waypoint. This is useful for assigning more meaningful names to positions saved using the Waypoint key . These positions are automatically given names that are a sequential variation of FIX00001. 1. Press and to move horizontally within the waypoint's name. 2. Use and keys to scroll through the different letters, numbers, and symbols in a specific position. 3. Press to save the new name. You will automatically return to the MEM library, and this waypoint will be displayed. NOTE: To erase the old name completely, move the cursor under the asterisk and press . A new name can then be entered following the same steps as in Create a Waypoint.

Erase Waypoint
This function eliminates an individual position saved in memory. A cautionary step allows for exit of the command without erasure by pressing . Press to erase.

Erase Library
Use this function to erase all stored information. A cautionary step allows for exit without erasure. If you do not want to erase your library, press to exit this command. Press to erase.

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Emergency Memory Erase (Zeroize)


This function lets you instantaneously erase all information stored in the unit. CAUTION Use this function only when absolutely necessary. All waypoints, the stored almanac, the time clock, and the last position fix are erased from memory. All waypoints are set to zero. After erasure, the receiver has no knowledge of satellite location. The time to compute the next fix may be as long as 15 minutes. Zeroize memory by depressing and holding the ON/OFF key, followed by the waypoint key, within the 4-second countdown.

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Navigation Screens
The information entered in the Memory screen and GPS screens comes together in Navigation (NAV) mode.

V V V V V
NAV NOTE: To see valid NAV screen information, waypoints must be in memory and a goal must be set. See the Set Goal section below for additional information. NOTE: Due to error induced in the satellites by the Department of Defense (called Selective Availability, or SA), sometimes the navigation screen will indicate small movement while stopped, or will cause errors up to 100 meters. The NAV screen incorporates a Course Deviation Indicator (CDI). This "steer-to" indicator allows you to see a visual representation of your position in relation to your desired track. This screen is specified using the Nav Combo command; the CDI scale is configured using the Set CDI scale? command. You can specify whether the desired track is indicated by the center of the screen, or by the on-screen indicator. You can also specify the scale of the screen in the following increments: 0.2, 0.4, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, or 12.0 in miles, kilometers, or nautical miles.
Waypoint name Speed Azimuth/direction SVs tracked

(Index)

ALPHA m 55.0 h 164 4

16m33s 15.17mi

time to go distance CDI scale

] 1

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Information and Command Screens


Press or to move to the NAV Index Screen.

One of the following series of navigation information screens will be presented:


Speed (Course and Speed) Goal Altitude Change Arrival Speed of Advance Trackline Info Totals (Distance and Time) Average Speed

1. Press to see the navigation information screens. They will be briefly presented on a rotational basis. 2. Press or to page through these screens, one at a time. Information presented on these screens will be based upon a waypoint "goal" you selected under the Set goal? command. Press at any time when viewing information screens to access the following commands:
Set goal? See route ops? Reset trackline? Totalizer

8 9

0? Avg speed 0?

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Course and Speed


This screen tells you
the speed at which you are traveling in miles per hour,

knots, or kilometers per hour;


the direction you are traveling in degrees relative to true

or magnetic north; and


how to modify your current path to get back on

the trackline. NOTE: See Set Units in the SETUP function for information about changing the units of measure; for example: km, mph, or knots.
waypoint name speed azimuth from True North angle to goal

CHECKPOINT BLUE Speed: 4.0 km/h NNE 45Tr LEFT 5

In the above example, you are currently traveling at a speed of 4.0 km/h and traveling 45 North NorthEast of true north and need to turn to the left 5 to head directly toward your goal.

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Goal
This screen indicates the distance, angle, and direction of travel required to reach your goal.
name distance from goal azimuth from true north direction to goal

CHECKPOINT GRN Goal: 27.82 km SE 30Tr RIGHT 15

Set Goal
Press while displaying Set goal? to select a new goal from those waypoints stored in memory (waypoint library). When a new goal has been chosen, press to set new course. New navigational information will be based on this new goal.

Altitude Change
This screen tells you the altitude difference between your current location and your goal, and the angle you are traveling relative to the horizontal.
waypoint name altitude difference angle relative to horizontal

CHECKPOINT BLUE Altitude change: 52 m climb 0.1

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Arrival
This screen displays how long it will take to arrive at your goal, if travel is maintained at your current speed. The SCOUTM receiver displays this in terms that make the most sense for your current trip: days and hours for a long trip; minutes and seconds for a short one.

CHECKPOINT RED Arrival: 1h 5m

When stopped during the trip, all arrival time indicators should read 0 (zero).

Speed of Advance
This function displays the speed currently traveling toward your goal.
waypoint name

CHECKPOINT RED Speed of Advance 3.2 mph (95%)

Under speed (on the display) the percentage of your speed that is heading toward the goal is indicated. 100% means right on track, and any percentage less means that not all movement is a direct course. Less that 100% is very common any time that it is not possible to follow a straight path toward your goal, for example, when there is rocky terrain or a body of water.

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Trackline Info
Trackline Info tells you where you are in relation to a line (trackline) between your goal waypoint and a start waypoint. In the following screen, you are 2.53 km to the left of the trackline.

CHECKPOINT BLUE Trackline info: 2.53 km LEFT OF COURSE

Reset Trackline
1. Press when viewing the information screens. 2. Use

8 and 9 to display Reset trackline?.

3. Press when Reset trackline? is displayed. This allows you to scroll through the current waypoints using the or keys and establish a new trackline starting waypoint.

8 9

Totals (Distance and Time)


This screen will show you the total distances and time since last reset.

CHECKPOINT BLUE Totals: 150 m 1m 30s

total distance total time

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Reset Totals
1. Press when viewing the information screens. 2. Use

8 and 9 to display Totalizer0?.

3. Press to reset this screen to 0 distance and 0 time.

Average Speed
This screen will show you the average and maximum speed since last reset.

CHECKPOINT BLUE Average speed: 2.8 km/h max: 9.8 km/h

total distance total time

Reset Average Speed


1. Press when viewing the information screens. 2. Use

8 and 9 to display Avg speed0?.

3. Press to reset this screen to 0 for average speed and maximum speed.

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Routes - A Special Command Feature


A route is a sequence of waypoints that automatically switch from goal to next goal. Along with the sequence of navigation data, the route name (A, B, or C), current step number, and current switch criteria are displayed when the receiver is actively navigating a route. The SCOUTM has the capacity for three routes of 20 steps each: A, B, or C. The SCOUTM+ has 26 routes of 20 steps each. The following operations allow viewing or modifying the contents of programmed routes. 1. Press when viewing the information screens; use and to display See route ops?.

2. Press to select See route ops?. This allows you to see current routes. 3. Additional presses of will change the route displayed: A, B, or C. 4. Press

8 or 9 to display the steps within a route.

ROUTE OPERATIONS Route A active, step 1 is goal


or "B" or "C" or "Not Active"

A screen then follows that allows review of the steps of the selected route.
selected route: A, B, or C route step route step route step

Route B steps: 9:HEADQUARTERS_ 10:BM402_HIGH_HA 11:MOUNTAINTOP92

Use to select the route step A, B, or C.


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Trimble SCOUTM and SCOUTM+ NOTE: Due to space limitations, only the first 13 characters of the waypoint name are shown. Empty steps are labeled -empty step-. If the goal step is visible on the screen, its name alternates each second with the words --goal step--.

Route Command Screens


There are a series of commands that can be accessed by pressing (when See route ops? is displayed) and then . These commands are read by scrolling with the or keys and activated by pressing again.

8 9

See more routes? (select A, B, or C route) Modify route? (change route) Activate route? (or Route OFF?) Reverse route? (reverse route order) Erase route? (delete all route steps)

See More Routes?


The See more routes? allows review of one of the other routes. Press to scroll through the routes. (A, B, or C)

Modify Route?
The Modify Route? command is used to view and change the information defining a route. Press to open the Modify Route? screen. The command is unavailable if the waypoint library is empty. Changes cannot be made while the route is active.

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Trimble SCOUTM and SCOUTM+ Initially, all routes will consist of 20 empty steps. The Modify route? command is used to select waypoints from the waypoint library to become steps in the route.

Route A step 3 (empty step) <ins><del>

Route B step 12 BASECAMPDELTA2 within 1000 ft <ins><del>

step number can be edited waypoint can be selected switch range/type specified special triggers

The edit fields are used until the desired steps of the route have been specified, one at a time, along with the selected switching criteria for use with that step. When all steps have been specified, press the key to store the changes. NOTE: Empty steps are removed if they lie between two waypoints that have been specified in the route. Use the switch range/type selection to specify the criteria used for determining when to switch from the current goal waypoint to the next goal (the next step in the route). These criteria may include
coming within a certain distance of a waypoint (a range), crossing a line formed by a perpendicular to the trackline

at the goal, or
crossing a line formed by bisecting the angle between the

current trackline and the trackline of the next leg of the route.

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Trimble SCOUTM and SCOUTM+ Possible value for the switch range/type at each step may include at perpendicular, at bisector, or a range that depends on the current units selection, as in the following: km and m 30 m 100 m 300 m 1000 m miles and feet 100 ft 300 ft 1000 ft 3000 ft nautical miles & feet 100 ft 300 ft 1000 ft 3000 ft

The special triggers for <ins> and <del> are used to insert and delete a step from the route. When the <ins> trigger is used, all steps starting from the currently view step are moved down to make room for another step in the route (a copy of the step that was currently in view). The 20th step is lost in this case. When the <del> trigger is used, the currently viewed step is erased and all steps following it are moved up by one. An empty step is then added at the 20th position.

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Activate Route? (or Route OFF?)


Press to activate or deactivate a route. This function activates a selected route and step number from which to begin. Prompts allow choosing any route and step number, as long as all steps are not empty. When a step along a route is missed during navigation, such as by failing to come within the programmed switch range, the route may be commanded OFF and then re-activated at the following step to resume the route. When a route reaches its final step, it will keep the final step as the navigation goal, regardless of the switch criteria assigned. If the Set goal command is used while active on a route, an Are you sure? message shows as a reminder that the route is active. If the command is used anyway, the goal becomes a temporary detour goal, and the route will resume after a perpendicular switch criteria is met for that waypoint.

Reverse Route?
1. Deactivate the route (see above). 2. Press to reverse the route order. When this command is activated, the steps in the current route will be reversed. This will allow you to retrace your steps. The route cannot be reversed while the route is active.

Erase Route?
Press to erase the route. You will be given a chance to escape if this is an error. You will be asked Are you sure? If you wish to erase, press . If you wish to quit without erasure, press .

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Time Screens
The SCOUTM receiver is among the most accurate portable timepieces because it is communicating with the most accurate timepieces availablethe atomic clocks aboard the GPS satellites. Each GPS satellite has four of these precise clocks. Therefore, when the SCOUTM is doing position fixes, it can be used to set or effectively synchronize all timing devices. Use the TIME screens to access the following functions:
Start/Stop Timers Preset a Timer for a countdown interval Reset a Timer to zero View Time View Date View Timer Status

Preset, Reset, and Start Timer

V V V V V
TIME

(Index)

In this mode, access to three times (that can run separately or concurrently) is available. When entering the Time mode, the first screen indicates the current status of each timer:

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--TIME + DATE---

timer3-[.][][] On the screen [.] [] [] indicates stopped/expired indicates running, time counting up indicates running, time counting down

The following screen appears (following a timer status screen).


current time date timer information

Time: 18:26:46.1 TUE 09Nov93 timer3- 00:00.0

00:00.0 shows timer3 has been reset to 0. 1. Press

2. Press to enter into the Command mode to access these options:


Preset Timer (1), (2), or (3) Start Timer (1), (2), or (3) Reset Timer (1), (2), or (3)

8 or 9 to choose which timer you would like to set.

3. Press

8 or 9 to scroll through the options.

4. Press to proceed with an option.

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Preset Timer

Preset timer 3? Press .


current time date

00h

00m

00s

Using this command, you can set the timer in hours, minutes, and seconds. 1. Press 2. Press

8 and 9 to choose a number.

and

to move to the desired position.

3. Press to complete the command. The receiver returns to the timer screen and displays the time you just set. Press to start or stop the timer. When a countdown timer reaches zero it begins to count up.

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Start or Stop Timer

Start timer 3? 1. Press to proceed. The receiver offers you the option of counting up or down . 2.

8 9 Press 8 or 9 to select either count up or count down.

3. Press to complete the command.

Time: 11:31:12 TUE 09Nov93 timer3- 00:05.4

The screen will again return to the timer screen and the timer will begin to count up or down. When the timer has expired during countdown, the message Timer3 expired! flashes, no matter which screen you are in.

----------------Timer3 expired! -----------------

The Stop timer command is available whenever a timer is running by pressing .

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Reset Timer

Reset timer 3? Press to reset the timer and zero-out the last time used.

Time: 11:34:28 TUE 09Nov93 timer300.00:0

Press to restart the timer. Press or key to move to any other index screen. NOTE: Double-clicking will also reset the timer while in the timer screen.

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More Uses Screens


Select MORE from the main Index screen. ---MORE USES---<A-B> <Offset> <Sun/Moon>

1. Press 2.

to open this section.. Press 8 or 9 to scroll through these choices:


From A to B. . . ? Offset from. . .? Find nearest 10? Average & save? Sun data? Moon data? Reset

hours?.

From Waypoint A to Waypoint B


This function calculates the distance between any two waypoints in your library, or between your current location and a stored waypoint. This is useful when you want to know the distance between two points that are stored in memory. The first waypoint selected will be your starting point. 1. Press to open this option. 2. Press or to scroll through your library of stored waypoints.

8 9

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3. Press to choose a beginning waypoint. 4. Repeat these steps to choose an ending waypoint.

CHECKPOINT A (beginning) CHECKPOINT A 24.36Km WNW 301 Tr CHECKPOINT B

CHECKPOINT B (ending)

distance direction

This screen shows the difference between the two chosen points as well as the orientation of your end waypoint in relation to True or Magnetic North. Here, your end waypoint is 24.36 km away from your starting waypoint, and it is 301 or West North West of True North. If your beginning waypoint is your current location, the information displayed will be continuously updated as you move. Press

to return to the main MORE screen.

Offset From Current Position


Use this function when you do not know the exact location of a desired destination, but you do know how far and in what direction it is from a known location. For example: You are at CHECKPOINT C. You want to go to the lake, and you know that the lake is 2 miles away at about 15.

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1. Press to enter into your library of existing waypoints.

CHECKPOINT C (reference)

2. Press

8 or 9 to scroll through your library.

3. Press to choose a reference point (CHECKPOINT C) and proceed.

Next, tell the receiver how far away you want to travel from this reference point.

0002.0 mi (distance)

1. Press

2. Press or to scroll through the desired number. Settings can be to tenths of a mile. 3. Press to continue.

8 9

or

to move the cursor horizontally.

015 Tr (direction)

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1. Use 2. Press

8 or 9 to choose the number.

or

to move the cursor horizontally.

3. Press to continue. You will now enter into a screen that assigns your new waypoint: OFFSET (OLD WAYPOINT NAME) To rename your waypoint 1. Use the 2. Press

8 or 9 to scroll through and select characters.

or

to move horizontally.

3. Press to proceed. CHECKPOINT C 2.0 mi 15Tr LAKE CP1

new offset waypoint

Your new waypoint is shown on the screen. If you now wish to travel to this offset point, go to NAV mode (see the NAV Mode section), and choose this new waypoint as your goal.

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Find Nearest Ten Waypoints


This function tells you the ten nearest stored locations to a selected waypoint, or your current position. This is helpful when you have lost your bearings and do not know where you are. By learning your ten nearest waypoints, you will have some idea of where you are and will be able to use the NAV mode to travel from your current location to the closest waypoint. 1. Press to enter this function. 2. The receiver assumes that you wish to use your current position. It will display GPS POSITION if a current position is available, or OLD POSITION if not. You may have to wait briefly if three or more satellites are not currently available and your current position has not been calculated. If you wish to find the ten nearest waypoints from a point other than your current location: 1. Press

8 or 9 to scroll through your library.

2. Press to choose a selected waypoint and continue in the function. It will take a few seconds for the receiver to process this information. The receiver will automatically show you the first nearest waypoint. First Nearest: 5 mi NNE 35Tr CHECKPOINT D 1. Press 2. 3.

8 or 9 to scroll through the available waypoints. Press to return to MORE options. Press 8 or 9 to see the other MORE options.
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Average and Save Position


The Average and Save function is used to describe a particular waypoint in more accurate terms, by taking a series of satellite readings for one location and then averaging the results. You must be receiving three or more satellites to perform this function, and you must remain stationary. Movement of more than 10 mph will cause the operation to stop. It is possible to average between two and ninety-nine satellite readings to save a more accurate waypoint. 1. Press to continue in this function. 2. Press or readings.

8 9 to increase or decrease the number of

3. Press to choose the number of readings and proceed. Your averaged position will automatically be assigned a name that is a variation of Averaged. If you wish to change the name 1. Use the 2. Press

8 or 9 to scroll through and select characters.

or

to move horizontally.

3. Press to proceed. When the chosen number of readings have been taken, the new, averaged position will be saved in your library of waypoints (see MEM mode).

Sun Data
This function indicates when the sun will rise or set on any given day, and what angle it is in the sky at any time on that day. This information is helpful for many mission planning activities. 1. Press to continue. Sun Data is given in relation to any waypoint entered in the library or to your current location.

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The receiver assumes that data should be processed in reference to your current location unless you change the position to a waypoint using the or keys. 1. Use

8 and 9 to scroll through your library, and

8 9

2. Press to select a waypoint and continue.

Date and Time, Elevation and Azimuth


Use this screen to choose the date to be used when calculating sun information.

10Nov93 (date)

Press to continue or select/enter a new date with the keys.

8 and

BASECAMP 1ONOV93 WED 6:43am 17:01 Azm 111 249Tr

The icon in the upper-left corner indicates that this data refers to the sun. The times displayed are for sunrise and sunset. AZM indicates the angle of the sun from your waypoint at sunrise and sunset, using north as a reference. In other words, where the sun will be in the sky at these times. Press to continue.

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Elevation and Azimuth


This screen indicates the elevation and azimuth of the sun (from your position or any waypoint) at any time of day.

-BASECAMP
10NOV93 Alt Azm ESE 7:15am 5 116Tr

Press or increments.

8 9 to change the time display in 15-minute

NOTE: Press again to learn information about the moon without returning to the MORE menu options.

Moon Data
Either press while in the above Sun Data screen to move into Moon Data, or press from the moon screen. This will allow you to select a reference location from your waypoint library, then a date. -BASECAMP 10NOV93 WED 97% 20:14 8:45 Azm 115 296Tr

The moon icon in the upper left corner graphically indicates the current phase of the moon. On the right-hand side of the screen, 97% indicates what percent of the moon is visible and if the amount is increasing or decreasing.

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As with Sun Data, times indicate moonrise and set, and azimuth figures are also for times that the moon rises and sets. Press to continue.

-CAMP A10NOV93 7:15 Alt 0 Azm WNW 298 Tr

Again, as with Sun Data, the time can be changed in 15-minute increments, and elevation and azimuth figures reflect the moon's position at the given time.

Reset Hours

Reset

hours?

The receiver's battery timer should be reset whenever new batteries are installed. Battery usage is displayed on the power off screen, whenever the SCOUTM receiver is turned off. 1. Press to reset battery hours. You are given an opportunity to change your mind: Are you sure? 2. Press if you do wish to reset battery timer to zero. 3. Press if you do not wish to change and to return to the main MORE screen.

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Dataport Configuration SCOUTM+ Only


press to proceed Dataport? 1. Press 2.
top line scrolls

when in the MORE menu to view the command list. Use 8 and 9 to scroll through the available commands.

3. When you see Dataport?, press to access the options listed below and on the following page.
Selection Power? Options Enabled or Disabled Comment The dataport power should be enabled when in use and disabled otherwise to save power. Press to select an option to automatically enable the dataport. (See previous command.)

Select I/O?

NMEA NMEA RTCM TSIP TSIP

in/out + RTCM only + RTCM in/out

Baud Rates?

300 600 1200 2400 4800 9600 19200 (19.2K)

Select the appropriate rate for your application.

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Dataport Configuration - continued


Selection NMEA Options? Options GPAPA GPAPB GPBWC GPGGA GPGLL GPGSA GPGSV GPRMB GPRMC GPVTG GPWCV GPXTE GPZTG Comment The repeat rate can be set for each of these options independently from 1 to 99 fixes (~1.5 sec. each). Use the and arrows to move the cursor, and the and arrows to change the setting. Press and the or arrow to enable or disable the Checksum and enable or disable M-extends. Note: M-extends is only used for certain military applications. Leave disabled for normal NMEA use.

8 9

8 9

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Mapping Datums

Appendix A - Mapping Datums


WGS-84 (World) (default) Adindan N. Africa AFG (Somalia) Ain El Abd 1970 Alaska <NAS-D> Alaska/Can. NAD-27 Anna 1 Astro 65 ARC 1960 mean v ARC-1950 mean v Ascension Isl. 58 Astro Beacon E Astro Pos 71/4 Astro Station 52 AstroB4 Sor. Atol Australian Geo66 Australian Geo84 Bahamas (NAD-27) Bellevue (IGN) Bermuda 1957 Bogota Observatry Bukit Rimpah Camp Area Astro Campo Inchauspe Canada mv (NAS-E) Canal Zone (NAD-27) Canton Island 66 Cape (S. Africa) Cape Canaveral mv Caribbean (NAD-27) Carthage, Tunisia Central Am. NAD-27 Chatham 1971 ChuaAstro (Para.) Corrego Alegre Corrego Allegre COA Cuba (NAD-27) Cyprus DatumXXX, custom DatumYYY custom Djakarta, Batavia DOS 1968, Gizo I Easter Island 67 Egypt <EUR-F> European 1950 European 1950 mv European 1979 mv Finnish Nautical Gandajika Base Geodetic Datum 49 Ghana, Africa Great Britain 36 Greenland (NAD-27) Guam Island 1963 G. Segara Borneo G. Serindung 1962 GUX1 Astro Guad. Herat N., Afghan. Hjorsey 55 Iceland

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Hong Kong 1963 HuTzuShan, Taiwan Indian <IND-M> Iran <EUR-H> Ireland 1965 ISTS 073 Astro 69 Johnston Island 61 Kandawala S. Lan Kerguelen Island Kertau 48 Malayan L.C.5 Cayman Brac La Reunion, Masc. Liberia 1964 Luzon, Philippines Mahe 71 Seychelles Marco Astro Masirah Island Massawa, Eritrea Merchich, Morocco Mexico (NAD-27) Midway Astro 61 Mindanao (Luzon) Minna, Nigeria Montjong, Celebes Nahrwan Saudi A. Namibia, Schwarzek Naparima BWI (T+T) N-Am. 1927 CONUS mv N-Am. 1983 (NAD-83) Observatorio 1966 Old Egyptian Old Hawaiian, mean Old Hawaiian, Maui Old Hawaiian, Kuai Old Hawaiina, Oahu Oman <FAH> PicoDeLasNieves
A-2

Pitcairn Astro 67 Puerto Rico QornoqKal.Nunaat Quatar National Rome 40 Sardinia SAD 69, BrazilIBGE SantaBraz Azores SantoDOS, Vanuatu Sapper Hill 1943 Sicily <EUR-J> Sierra Leone 60 S-American 56 mv S-American 69 mv S. Asia Singapore S. Chilean 1963 S.E. Asia (Indian) Southeast Base Southwest Base Tananarive Ob. 25 Thai/Viet <IND-A> Timbalai 1948 Tokyo, mean value Tristan Astro 68 U. Arab Emirates VitiLevu 16, Fiji Voirol (Alg+Tun) Wake-Eniwetok 60 WGS-72 (World) Yacare, Uruguay Zandrij, Suriname

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Advanced Features

Appendix B - Advanced Features


Custom Datums
DatumXXX, custom and DatumYYY, custom can be modified to establish special-purpose, user-entered datums. 1. Select the Mapping Datum screen from the SETUP index screen. 2. Press the key and scroll through the choices using the and keys.

3. Press the key when selecting DatumXXX, custom or Datum YYY, custom, and the following screen appears:

WGS-84 (ellipsoid)

This allows you to select an ellipsoid to use: WGS-84 (default) Airy Australian National Bessel 1841 Clarke 1866 Clarke1880 Everest Fischer 60 Merc Fischer 1968 GRS-80 Helmert 1906 Hough International Krassovsky Modified Airy Modified Everest Modified Fischer 60 Nambian Bessel SAD-69 Custom 1 Custom 2 War Office WGS-60 WGS-66 WGS-72

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Select an ellipsoid, then this screen will appear: to proceed or to change or 000 +000 +000 (^X, ^Y, ^Z (m))

to quit

scrolls

This allows you to enter an offset in meters in the X, Y, and Z directions to the selected ellipsoid.

B-2

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Glossary

Appendix C - Glossary
2D, 3D Two-dimensional and three-dimensional positions. A 2D position fix provides coordinates in two dimensions, such as latitude and longitude. Elevation is assumed to be fixed. Only three satellites are required to provide a 2D position with a user-supplied elevation. A 3D position provides the elevation in addition to LAT/LON and requires four satellites. Almanac A reduced-precision subset of the ephemeris parameters. Used by the receiver to compute the elevation and azimuth angles of the satellites. Each satellite broadcasts the almanac for all the satellites. Azimuth Angle The angle of the line-of-sight vector, projected on the horizontal plane, measured clockwise from north. Channel Receiver hardware that is required to lock to a satellite, make the range measurements, and collect data from the satellites. Datum or Mapping Datum A mathematical model of the earth. Many local datums model the earth for a small region, for example: Tokyo datum, Alaska, NAD-27 (North American). Others, WGS-84, for example, model the whole earth. Differential GPS (DGPS) A positioning technique that uses two receivers: one (the roving receiver) at an uncorrected location, and the other (the reference station) at a known, fixed location. The reference receiver computes corrections based on the differences between its actual and observed ranges to the satellites being tracked. These data are transmitted to the roving receiver. The coordinates of the uncorrected location can be recomputed with great precision by applying these corrections. Elevation Mask The elevation angle below which a satellite is considered unusable. It is used to prevent
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Glossary

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the receiver from searching for satellites which are obscured by buildings or mountains. Ephemeris A set of parameters that describes a satellite's orbit very accurately. It is used by the receiver to compute the position of the satellite. This information is broadcast by the satellites. GDOP, PDOP, TDOP Geometric Dilution of Precision, Position Dilution of Precision, and Time Dilution of Precision. GDOP describes how much an uncertainty in range affects the uncertainty in position. The GDOP depends on where the satellites are, relative to the user. A large GDOP means that a small error in range will translate into a larger error in the position. GDOP has two components (TDOP and PDOP). TDOP determines the uncertainty in the clock bias; PDOP determines the uncertainty of the position. PDOP is composed of HDOP and VDOP and typically has good values between 2 and 7. See HDOP. Geoid The actual physical shape of the earth, which is hard to describe mathematically because of the local surface irregularities and sea-land variations. GPS The Global Positioning System, consisting of the NAVSTAR satellites in six different orbits, GPS ground-control stations, and the user community. GPS Time The length of the second is fixed and is determined by primary atomic frequency standards. Leap-seconds are not used as they are in UTC. Therefore, GPS time and UTC differ by a variable whole number of seconds. HDOP, VDOP The horizontal and vertical components of PDOP. They describe how an uncertainty in range affects the horizontal position (latitude and longitude) and the vertical position (elevation). For 2D position, HDOP is the only important component.

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Glossary

Latitude, Longitude A topocentric, spherical coordinate system, whose coordinates are latitude, longitude, and elevation. Latitude and longitude can be expressed as degrees, minutes, seconds (DMS), or as degrees, decimal minutes (DM). L1 The primary L-band signal radiated by each NAVSTAR satellite at 1575.42 MHz. The L1 beacon is modulated with the C/A and P codes and with the NAV message. L2 is centered at 1227.60 MHz.

Monitor Station One of five worldwide stations maintained by the DoD and used in the GPS control segment to monitor and control satellite clock and orbital parameters. Corrections are calculated and uploaded to each satellite at least once per day. NAV Data The 1500-bit navigation message broadcast by each satellite at 50 bps on both L1 and L2 beacons. This message contains system time, clock correction parameters, ionospheric delay model parameters, and the space vehicle's ephemeris and health. This information is used to process GPS signals to obtain user position and velocity. 2 NMEA-0183 A standard established by the National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA) that defines electrical signals, data transmission protocol, timing, and sentence formats for communicating navigation data among marine navigation instruments. PDOP See GDOP, PDOP, TDOP. PPS Precise Positioning Service. The GPS as available to the authorized user with cryptographic hardware and keys. PRN Pseudo-Random Noise. Each GPS satellite generates its own distinctive PRN code, which is modulated onto each carrier. The PRN code serves as identification of the satellite, as a timing signal, and as a subcarrier for the navigation data.

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Pseudorange A measure of the range from the receiver's antenna to the satellite. Pseudorange is obtained by multiplying the speed of light by the apparent transit time of the signal from the satellite. Pseudorange differs from actual range because the satellite and user clocks are offset from GPS time and because of propagation delays and other errors. Relative Positioning The process of determining the vector distance between two points and the coordinate of one spot relative to another. This technique yields GPS positions with greater precision than single-point positioning mode. Rise/Set Time The period during which a satellite is visible, that is, has an elevation angle above the elevation mask. A satellite is said to rise when its elevation angle exceeds the mask and set when the elevation drops below the mask. RTCM SC-104 Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services standard defined for generating pseudorange corrections and transmitting them from reference stations to differential stations. SA Selective Availability. The name of the policy and the implementation scheme by which unauthorized users of GPS will have their accuracy limited to 100 meters 2DRMS horizontal and 156 meters 2DRMS vertical. Standard Positioning Service. The GPS as available to any user with a C/A code receiver. Space Vehicle. GPS satellite.

SPS SV

TDOP See GDOP. TSIP Trimble Standard Interface Protocol for interface with other Trimble equipment and advanced computer programs. URA Satellite User Range Accuracy. The URA is sent by the satellite and is computed by the GPS operators. It is a statistical indicator of the contribution of the apparent clock and ephemeris prediction accuracies to the ranging accuracies obtainable with a specific satellite, based on historical data.
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Glossary

UTC, Zulu Universal Time Coordinated, the time standard maintained by the U.S. Naval Observatory. The length of the second is fixed and is determined by primary atomic frequency standards. Since the rate of Earth's rotation (hence the length of the mean solar day) varies, and since it is desirable to maintain UTC approximately the same as Greenwich mean solar time, leap-seconds are inserted in, or deleted from UTC as required. UTM Universal Transverse Mercator Map Projection. A special case of the Transverse Mercator projection. Abbreviated as the UTM Grid, it consists of 60 northsouth zones, each 6 degrees wide in longitude. VDOP See HDOP. Waypoint A position on the surface of the earth which is used for navigation. A waypoint can represent a special location, a destination, or a mid-point in a route. Each waypoint in the library has a unique number and can be assigned a unique name. WGS-72 World Geodetic System (1972). A mathematical reference ellipsoid used by the GPS, having a semimajor axis of 6378.135 km and a flattening of 1/298.26. WGS-84 World Geodetic System (1984). A mathematical reference ellipsoid used by the GPS, having a semimajor axis of 6378.137 km and a flattening of 1/298.257223563.

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Time Zone Chart

Appendix D - Time Zone Chart

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D-1

Time Zone Chart

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NOTES

D-2

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Accessory Kits

Appendix E - Accessory Kits


The SCOUTM Accessory Kit (Part Number 19638-02) and SCOUTM+ Accessory Kit (Part Number 23367-00) include the accessories illustrated below and on the following three pages.

Adapter Plug and Battery Eliminator for Trimble SCOUTM and SCOUTM+

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E-1

Accessory Kits

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Remote Antenna with Magnetic Base for Trimble SCOUTM+

E-2

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Accessory Kits

Antenna Coupler for Trimble SCOUTM

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E-3

Accessory Kits

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Vehicle Mount for Trimble SCOUTM and SCOUTM+

E-4

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Accessory Kits

Data Cable for Trimble SCOUTM+

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E-5

Accessory Kits

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NOTES

E-6

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SCOUTM+ Enhancements

Appendix F - SCOUTM+ Enhancements


The software and hardware on the Trimble SCOUTM+ allow for the use of a direct-connect antenna and an RS-232 dataport. (See Appendix E.) The dataport responds to three types of protocol: NMEA-0183, RTCM SC-104, and TSIP.

NMEA Protocol
The NMEA-0183 Standard is produced by the National Marine Electronics Association. The SCOUTM+ receiver uses Version 2.0, published January 1991. The NMEA-0183 Standard is primarily designed for marine instrumentation to communicate using an ASCII sentence library with one TALKER and one or more LISTENERS. The Standard also implies the use of EIA RS-422 serial protocol with TALKER and LISTENERS in parallel on a twisted pair. NMEA-0183 has also been partially adopted by other industries requiring a simple data protocol. It is therefore possible to find NMEA-0183 sentences being used for data transmission of position and direction using either RS-422 or RS-232 electrical protocols, as well as other more specialized telemetry links.

RTCM SC-104 Protocol


The RTCM SC-104 protocol is a standard for sending and receiving differential GPS corrections developed by the Radio Technical Commission for Maritime-Special Committee 104. Your SCOUTM+ is differential-ready; that is, it utilizes differential corrections to calculate Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) positions. For more information on this subject, please contact Trimble Navigation for a free copy of Differential GPS Explained, part number 23036.

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TSIP - Trimble Standard Interface Protocol


TSIP is a binary hex data protocol that is used with the bi-directional channel in the SCOUTM+. This protocol allows the receiver to interface with other Trimble equipment and allows development of advanced computer programs for waypoint and route transfer between a personal computer and the SCOUTM+.

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Index
A
Accuracy coordinate system and, 19 improve position, 63 Activate Route? (or Route OFF?), 49, 52 Almanac collecting the, 9 status in receiver, 9 stored in, 3 Alphanumeric data, entry of, 11 Altitude change, 42, 44 change waypoint, 38 enter for waypoint, 36 entry of, 14 Antenna, 2, E-3, E-4, E-6 Arrival, 42, 45 Auto Shutoff, 31 Average & save?, 58 Position, 63 Average Speed, 42, 47 Avg speed 0?, 42 Azimuth moon, 66 satellite, 16 sun, 64

C
Change language, 27 setup parameters, 18 Channels, number in receiver, 1 Clock Style, set, 26 Coordinate style, 1, 19 display of, 12 change waypoint, 38 Course and Speed, 42, 43 Course Deviation Indicator (CDI), 2, 41

D
Dataport and protocols, 1 Dataport configuration, 67 Date, 25 and time, 26 format, 25 set, 25 sun data, 64 view, 53 Datums, 22, Appendix A custom, Appendix B in receiver, 1 Defaults altitude units, 30 clock style, 26 coordinate style, 19 date format, 25 distance units, 29 GPS update rate, 32 language, 27 mapping datum, 22 north reference, 24 speed units, 29 <del> and <ins>, 51 Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS), 1 Distance Units, set, 29

B
Batteries, 4 install, 5 life, 4 low reminder, 4, 9 maintain memory, 4 receiver defaults and, 19 reset hours of use, 66 timer, 66 when storing receiver, 4, 9

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E
Elevation and Azimuth sun data, 65 Elevation of satellite, 16 Empty steps, 49, 50 Enter Altitude, 14 Equipment Care, 3 Erase memory (zeroize), 40 route?, 49, 52 waypoint, 39 waypoint library, 39

L
Languages available in receiver, 2 change, 27 Lat Lon Seconds and Lat Lon Minutes, 19, 21

M
M-extends, 68 Magnetic North, 24, 59 Mapping Datums, 22, App. A & B WGS-84, 22 MEM, 33 Memory Erase (Zeroize), 40 Memory Screens, 33 Meters and kilometers, 29 MGRS (Military Grid Reference System), 19, 20 coordinates, 36 Miles and feet, 29 Miles per hour, 29 Modify Route?, 49, 50 Moon Data, 58, 65 phase of, 65 rise and set, 66 More Screens, 58

F
Find nearest 10? (Waypoints), 58, 62 From A to B. . . ? (Waypoints), 58

G
Global Positioning System (GPS), 2 Goal, 42, 44 set while active on route, 52 step, 49 temporary (detour), 52 GPS satellites, 2 screens, 12 system, 2 update rate, 32 Grid zone, 36 change waypoint, 38

N
Nautical miles, 29 Nav Combo command, 41 NAV Screens, 41 commands and set goal, 42 Information and Command, 42 route commands, 48 NMEA Protocol, 1 North Ref./Az. Units, set, 24 Northing and easting, 21

H
Help, on-screen prompts, 11

I
Index Screen, 10 <ins> and <del>, 51

O K
Keys/Keypad, 6 ON/OFF, 9 Kilometers per hour, 29 Offset From Current Position, 59 Offset from. . .?, 58 On-screen prompts, 11 ON/OFF key, 7, 9 Operating Procedures, 11 OSGB - Ordnance Survey of Great Britain, 19, 22

P
Positions (see also Waypoints), 1 additional information screens, 13

Index- 2

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average and save, 63 display of, 12 offset from current, 59 Power Off, 7 auto shutoff, 31 skip 4-second countdown, 8 Power On, 7 Preset a Timer, 53 Prime (default) style, 19 clock style, 26 date, 25 date format, 25 goal, 42, 44 units, 28 Setup Screens, 18 Speed average, 47 of advance, 42, 45 units, set, 29 Start/Stop Timers, 53 Sun Data, 58, 63 Switch range/type selection, 50

Q
Quick Reference Card, 3

R
Reference point, choose a, 60 Rename Waypoint, 39 Reset hours?, 58, 66 timer, 53 trackline?, 42, 46 Routes, 48 activate or off, 52 erase, 52 OFF?, 52 programmed, 48 reverse, 49, 52 see more, 49 RS-232, 1 RS-422, 1 RTCM SC-104, 1

T
Three-dimension (3D) position, 13 Time offset, 26 screen, 53 view, 53 Timer accuracy of, 53 preset/reset/start/stop, 53 status, view, 53 Totalizer0?, 42 Totals (Distance and Time), 42, 46 Trackline info, 42, 46 reset, 46 True North, 24, 59 TSIP - Trimble Standard Interface Protocol, 2 Two-dimension (2D) position, 13

S
Satellites average readings, 63 azimuth of, 16 data, 16 elevation of, 16 number tracked, 12 status indicated on screen, 17 summary information, 17 visible from your position, 16 Screen Contrast, 31 Screen Light On/Off, 30 See More Routes?, 49 See Route Ops?, 42 commands under, 49 Selective Availability (SA), 41 Serial number, 3 Set CDI scale? command, 41

U
Units, set, 28 URA (User Range Accuracy), 16 UTC (Universal Coordinated Time), 26 UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator), 19, 21

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W
Warranty, 3 Waypoint Library, 33 Waypoints (positions), 1 change Grid Zone, Coord., Altitude, 38 change name, 37 create or modify, 34, 35, 37 ending, 59 erase, 39 erase library, 39 existing, 34 find nearest ten, 62 from A to B, 58 key, 39, 40 modify, 37 rename, 39, 61 starting, 58

Z
Zeroize (memory erase), 40 Zulu Time, 26

Index- 4

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NOTES

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Index - 5