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ESCOLA SECUNDRIA English Test KEY

Test A

Name ___________________________ No _______ Date: __/__/201 - 10th Form - Class __


Teacher:

I - Reading Comprehension. (200 p.)


Read the text and then answer the questions.

Making the Case for Youth Participation


Just as successful businesses make decisions based on what their customers want, successful organizations need to do the same. Nike doesn't design tennis shoes without talking to the athletes who wear them. Organizations too need to be aligned with their target markets. Only teens can tell you what is going on in their lives, what pressures they face. "If the problem is gang violence, you go to the teenagers even to the detention centres and bring those youths to the table. Anything else is seeds for failure," says William Lofquist, a consultant on youth development issues. "If we don't give young people real decision-making authority, we are going to lose them," warns Lofquist. In many cases, young people will listen more closely to their peers than they will to their parents or other adult figures. Most young people have an adult filter, a listening device that turns itself off when an adult starts to lecture. If you have a message that you want to communicate to young people, you'll have much better luck getting through if the messenger is another young person. Involving young people in decisions is a way of showing respect, of saying their opinions and ideas count. To accomplish this, both youths and adults will need adequate preparation and training. Just appointing young people to an all-adult board and giving them full rights and responsibilities won't work unless they have adequate education in governance and trusteeship. There has to be a commitment to creating a youth-friendly environment and giving all members the tools they need. Often, both young people and adults have to learn to let go of stereotypes they each hold about the other, insists Jan Obergoenner, youth development specialist for the Mid-Continent Council of Girl Scouts. Young people must give up the notion that adults are domineering task masters who want to keep all command, and, on the other end of the spectrum, adults must acknowledge that young people have something of value to contribute. A trust for each other is needed, according to Obergoenner.
Loring Leifer and Michael McLarney Younger Voices, Stronger Choices

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A. Find opposites for the following words. (5x10p=50p.) 1. successful (l.1) unsuccessful 4. respect (l.14) disrespect/disdain/scorn
1. their (l.1) businesses 2. their (l.4) organization

2. aligned (l.3) 3. better (l.13) divided/separated worse 5. commitment (l.18) disagreement/misunderstanding


3. they (l.5) 4. this (l.15) 5. who (l.24) teens involving young people in decisions adults

B. Say who or what the following words refer to. (50p.)

ESCOLA SECUNDRIA
C. find evidence in the text to support these statements. (40 p.) 1. Firms and companies pay attention to their clients preferences.

Test A

just as successful businesses make decisions based on what their customers want 2. Young people dont listen to adult opinions often enough. in many cases, young people will listen more closely to their peers than they will to their parents or other adult figures D. Answer the following questions based on information given in the text. (60 p.) 1. What is essential in a successful business? It is important to make decisions based on the clients needs and preferences. 2. What does the expression adult filter mean? It means that when adults are talking they dont listen to what they are saying. 3. How can adults show that they respect young people? By showing that they respect young peoples ideas and decisions. II Language. (200 p.) A. Rephrase the following, starting with the words supplied. (8x20p=160 p.) 1. Nike doesnt design tennis shoes without talking to the athletes who wear them. Tennis shoes arent designed by Nike without talking to the athletes who wear them. 2. Young people of today dont interact with adults, so they dont share their problems. If young people of today interacted with adults, they would share their problems. 3. Young people like their independence but they dont leave their parents home. Even though young people like their independence, they dont leave their parents home. 4. Why do they consider this period a turmoil? The specialist wanted to know why they considered that period a turmoil. 5. Teachers and parents should be vigilant. Not only teachers but also parents should be vigilant. 6. I Think aggression is a very big problem. He said that he thought aggression was a very big problem. 7. My brother didnt talk to me about his problems. I wish my brother had talked to me about his problems. 8. I dont like living in this neighbourhood. I wish I didnt live in this neighbourhood./ lived in a different neighbourhood. B. Combine the two sentences by using a relative pronoun. (2x20p=40 p.) 1. Mr Taylor had been driving all day. He was tired and wanted to stop. Mr Taylor, who had been driving all day, was tired and wanted to stop. 2. Thats the man. He is planning to travel around the world in a balloon. Thats the man who is planning to travel around the world in a balloon.
III Production. (200 p.) 1 - Write a composition of about 100 / 120 words on one of the following topics: 1. Adolescence is the best time of your life.

2. Teenagers and school. 2