You are on page 1of 2

ESCOLA SECUNDRIA English Test

Test B

Name ___________________________ No _______ Date: __/__/201 - 10th Form - Class __


Teacher:

I - Reading Comprehension. (200 p.)


Read the text and then answer the questions.

Making the Case for Youth Participation


Just as successful businesses make decisions based on what their customers want, successful organizations need to do the same. Nike doesn't design tennis shoes without talking to the athletes who wear them. Organizations too need to be aligned with their target markets. Only teens can tell you what is going on in their lives, what pressures they face. "If the problem is gang violence, you go to the teenagers even to the detention centres and bring those youths to the table. Anything else is seeds for failure," says William Lofquist, a consultant on youth development issues. "If we don't give young people real decision-making authority, we are going to lose them," warns Lofquist. In many cases, young people will listen more closely to their peers than they will to their parents or other adult figures. Most young people have an adult filter, a listening device that turns itself off when an adult starts to lecture. If you have a message that you want to communicate to young people, you'll have much better luck getting through if the messenger is another young person. Involving young people in decisions is a way of showing respect, of saying their opinions and ideas count. To accomplish this, both youths and adults will need adequate preparation and training. Just appointing young people to an all-adult board and giving them full rights and responsibilities won't work unless they have adequate education in governance and trusteeship. There has to be a commitment to creating a youth-friendly environment and giving all members the tools they need. Often, both young people and adults have to learn to let go of stereotypes they each hold about the other, insists Jan Obergoenner, youth development specialist for the Mid-Continent Council of Girl Scouts. Young people must give up the notion that adults are domineering task masters who want to keep all command, and, on the other end of the spectrum, adults must acknowledge that young people have something of value to contribute. A trust for each other is needed, according to Obergoenner.
Loring Leifer and Michael McLarney Younger Voices, Stronger Choices

10

15

20

25

A. Find opposites for the following words. (5x10p=50p.) 1. same (l.2) opposite 4. involving (l.14) excluding/removing
1. who (l.3) 2. them (l.9)

2. pressures (l.5) 3. more (l.9) freedom/liberty less 5. trust (l.25) mistrust/distrust/disbelief


3. itself (l.11) 4. this (l.15) 5. they (l.19)

B. Say who or what the following words refer to. (50p.)

athletes

young people

a listening device involving young people in decisions all members 1

ESCOLA SECUNDRIA

Test B

C. Find evidence in the text to support these statements. (2x20p=40 p.) 1. Only young people can express their inner feelings. Only teens can tell you what is going on their lives. 2. It is wrong to think that adults are the ones who command. Young people must give up the notion that adults are domineering task masters who want to keep all command. D. Answer the following questions based on information given in the text. (3x20p=60 p.) 1. Why is it necessary to give young people decision power? Because if they notice adults trust them, they will help them in their tasks. 2. What does the expression adult filter mean? 3. It means that when adults are talking they dont listen to what they are saying. 4. What is important according to Jan Obergoenner? Adults and young people should forget the ideas they have about each other. II Language. (200 p.) A. Rephrase the following, starting with the words supplied. (8x20p=160 p.) 1. Nike didnt design tennis shoes without talking to the athletes who wear them. Tennis shoes werent designed by Nike without talking to the athletes who wear them. 2. His father doesnt earn much, so life isnt easy for them. If his father earned much, life would be easy for them 3. The course is very expensive, but I decided to take it. Although the course is very expensive, I decided to take it. 4. I think life will be easier in the future Peter said he thought life would be easier in the future. 5. Young people are very sensitive. They are creative too. Young people are not only very sensitive but also creative. 6. Do you think we can get a good job? They asked the manager if he thought they could get a good job. 7. I am not a famous actor. I wish I were a famous actor. 8. We didnt watch our favourite series last night. We wish we had watched our favourite series last night. B. Combine the two sentences by using a relative pronoun. (2x20p=40 p.) 1. I want to speak to the boy. I met him in the street. I want to speak to the boy whom/who/0 I met in the street. 2. His father phoned me yesterday. His father is a motor mechanic. His father, who is a motor mechanic, phoned me yesterday.
III Production. (200 p.) A - Write a composition of about 100 / 120 words on one of the following topics: 1. Adolescence is the best time of your life.

2. Teenagers and school.


2