MARMAS dorsaal – dorsal

MARMAS frontaal – frontal .

MARMAS oksel .aisselle .Achsel .armpit .

the sole of the foot – Fußsohle .MARMAS voetzool .la plante du pied .



A sweet smell to the urine indicates a diabetic condition.TONGUE DIAGNOSIS IN AYURVEDIC MEDICINE Ayurvedic physicians routinely perform urine examinations to help them diagnose doshic imbalance in a patient. which creates a burning sensation. however. Blackishbrown indicates a vata disorder. his or her urine will be dark yellow. an imbalance with pitta. Red urine indicates a blood disorder. there is a kapha disorder. . indicates excess pitta. An individual with this condition may experience goose bumps on the skin surface while passing urine. Acidic urine. A foul odor. Gravel in the urine indicates stones in the urinary tract. smell. If the urine is cloudy. Normal urine has a typical uremic. When a person is constipated or is not drinking adequate amounts of water. indicates toxins in the system. or musty. An early morning midstream sample of urine is collected. dark yellow. and its color observed.



Ambroise Pare incorporated a more anatomical and physiological approach. on stimulation. to press gently. The effects may include the relaxation of voluntary muscles. Depending on the constitution and the ‘dosha type’ of the client according to the principles of Ayurvedic Medicine. fitness training and movement education. This is very similar to the approach used by Oriental Medicine as in Acupuncture. The receptor nerve endings affected by touch travel more quickly than those involved in chronic pain and can reduce the brain’s perception of the amount of pain from the affected area. developed a system of massage and gymnastics in the early 19th Century which became what we now know as Swedish Massage. Gerda Boyesen. There is also a form of massage for self-use. Ayurvedic Massage This is the massage aspect of Ayurvedic medicine. lymph. Biodynamic Massage Developed in the 1960’s by a Norwegian physiotherapist and psychologist. The use of massage in the West became more popular in the 16th Century when a French doctor. soft tissue bodywork. the receptor nerves relay impulses via the spinal cord back to the brain. The dermis layer of the skin contains nerve endings which respond to touch and. There are many different types of massage that have been developed. Techniques can be soothing or more vigorous and Swedish massage is used together with other methods like ‘lifting’ the limbs to free trapped ‘bio-energy’ which is then released via the abdomen. It has been used as a form of therapy for thousands of years and touch is the most instinctive response to pain. Aromatherapy Aromatherapy is the combination of healing massage with the medicinal properties of essential oils from plant extracts.MASSAGE Massage is a systematic. Chemicals known as endorphins are also released from the brain and act as the body’s natural painkillers. Chavutti Thirumal . Aston Patterning Developed in America by Judith Aston and has its roots in Rolfing. muscles. These help to counter the sensation of chronic pain and give a feeling of well-being and relaxation. therapeutic stroking and kneading of the soft tissues of the body. tuina and Kahuna. Anma became the basis of energy-based body techniques like shiatsu. Discussion is encouraged if the treatment raises any issues. Earliest records of the use of massage as a therapy come from China over 5. It can be helpful in alleviating pain and improving posture by encouraging fluid body movements and even distribution of body weight. A Swede. The word is derived from the Greek ‘masso’. increased nerve and brain cell development and better hormonal functioning and cell activity. The therapy aims to release energy believed to be trapped in the muscles and gut causing physical and emotional pain. Aston Patterning is a system of massage. Touch is an essential requirement for healthy development in early life and research has shown the babies who have received massage from their mothers have increased weight gain. Per Henrik Ling. The following gives a brief description of some of the various types of massage available: Anma This is a traditional Japanese massage that works tsubos or acupressure points on the body. suitable oils are chosen to be used in the massage. How Does Massage Work? The relationship between the exterior and interior of the body is closely interlinked via the nervous system and it has been found that by stimulating specific areas on the surface of the body can have a corresponding effect on the internal organs and systems of the body. some approaches focus on the physical effects that the massage techniques have on the body. The brain then relays messages back to the area involved. nerves and some of the internal organs. whilst others focus attention on the flow of ‘energy’ within the body.000 years ago. The essential oils are absorbed through the skin during massage and also by inhalation through the nose. blood vessels. It is based on affecting the flow of ‘prana’ through the 107 ‘marma’ points on the body. All types of massage can have an effect on the skin. to knead and the Arabic ‘mass’. the sedation of nerve sensors and improved blood circulation to the area.

movement education and verbal dialogue. The massage increases the vibrational rate of the cells of the body Lomi A deep tissue massage based on a Hawaiian Kahuna tradition. Hellerwork Developed by Joseph Heller. bending and pulling techniques to affect the flow of ‘prana’ or vital force in the body. Remedial Massage This is a corrective massage to encourage muscular alignment to muscle groups that are strained from overuse. shoulders and neck which is an area susceptible to the build-up of tension. It helps to relax the thin layer of muscle covering the head. an American engineer and Rolfing Practitioner. Rolfing Rolfing (or Structural Integration) is a system of manipulation designed to bring the body into correct alignment. It is said to have developed to promote suppleness to traditional dancers and martial art practitioners and is regarded as a specialised form of massage to aid the circulation. The treatment involves the practitioner using long rhythmical strokes over a two hour period with the client lying naked on a treatment table. Dietary correction can also be advisable. Connection to one’s own self-love is believed to strengthen the ability to recognise the beauty in our life and surroundings. in the 1970’s. nourishing the hair follicles and alleviating anxiety and stress. Therapeutic Massage (Swedish Massage) Is the manipulation of the soft tissues (skin. Indian Head Massage (Champissage) Traditionally practised in India to the head and hair in order to keep hair lustrous and healthy. Kahuna An ancient Hawaiian system of massage that aims to help clients accept their own body and love themselves. concentrating on the muscles that are tight and stiff. The bodywork is a deep massage to the fascia which is where Joseph Heller believes stiffness and tension accumulate. Deep massage is applied to the muscle groups. it could be described as a blend of Rolfing. continuous strokes to stimulate the body’s energy lines. improving blood flow. Manual Lymphatic Drainage A very light pressure massage is used on the skin to encourage and stimulate the superficial lymphatic system in order to assist the removal of toxins from the body via the lymphatic nodes. it has been extended and enhanced to include deep and relaxing massage to the upper back.Chavutti Thirumal comes from southern India and is part of the Ayurvedic system. muscles. It has three components: bodywork. lymphatic system and digestion. Treatment is focused on the massage channels and points on the body and a practitioner will use hands. Alexander Technique and the Feldenkrais Method. tendons and ligaments) of the body. Thai Massage Thai massage is a blend of Chinese and Ayurvedic systems. It is a firm massage and has a set routine of techniques that vary from deep pressure to stimulate the body’s . The therapist is suspended above the client using a rope. The massage is deep and specific. It focuses on muscle recovery rate and helps to cleanse the muscles of toxins allowing less muscle fatigue after exercise. feet and elbows to affect this flow and help to restore harmony to the body. and uses his or her feet and toes to apply firm. Sports Massage This is ideal for loosening muscle groups to regain flexibility and prevent strains occurring. It uses gentle stretching.

Tapotement: a variety of percussive strokes to stimulate skin and muscles to increase blood flow. more superficial movement to assist relaxation. osteopath and acupuncturist and is a touch technique that combines Eastern and Western medicine. There are four basic movements used in Therapeutic Massage: Effleurage: relaxes and stretches the superficial muscles of the Treatment aims to restore a smooth flow of energy throughout the body paying attention to ‘foundation’ joints that act as shock absorbers for the weight distribution of the body and to breathing patterns. to a slower. who lies fully clothed on a treatment table. . eye movements and stomach rumbles. The practitioner uses gentle touch via the fingers to stretch and hold the client. Zero Balancing It was developed in the 1970’s by Dr Fritz Smith. The improvement to the energy flow can help to improve posture. Petrissage: kneading and squeezing of superficial and deeper muscles and soft tissue. an American doctor. Friction: breaks down adhesions between tissues and relaxes muscle fibres. increase harmony and the body’s own self-healing ability.

medicated oils or ghee is introduced through the nose in certain quantity & for a no of days to remove & balance the aggravated doshas from upper body specially head. Pancha means five and Karma means action or process. Nasya helps cleanse the head and sinuses. Often leech is used to suck out the impure blood from the affected area.It works best to balance Kapha dosha. nose and throat. Basti (medicated enemas-colon. Blood-letting is also done to eliminate toxins from . It is an important procedure of ayurveda for the treatment of sirorogas or diseases affecting head area. Virechana (purgation or laxative-liver & intestine cleaning). throat) and Raktmokshan-blood letting (purification of the blood). It involves the induction of medicated oil. Different herbs. It is an effective therapy for Pitta dosha disorder. Panchakarma is basically cleansing process that not only treats diseases but also improves health to achieve longevity and rejuvenation. The neutralization of toxins can be applied on both physical and emotional levels.PRIME TREATMENTS TO CURE THE DIFFERENT AILMENTS AND REJUVENATE THE BODY • • • • • • • • PANACHAKARMA SWEDAN PIZHICHIL NJAVARAKIZHI (Pottali) DHARA SNEHAPANAM KIZHI BASTII PANACHAKARMA Ayurvedic treatment attempts to establish a balance between bodily humors. which helps to eliminate the toxic or waste matters from the stomach and thoracic cavity. is very important in the initiation of any form of treatment. RAKTMOKSHAN (Blood-Letting) There are various methods that are used to draw out a certain amount of toxic blood from the body. liquid herbal decoction into the rectum. Basti is highly effective in weakness. . This helps in detoxifying the blood helping mainly in various chronic skin diseases. rectum). NASYA(Nasal Application of Herbal Medicines) Nasya is instillation of medicine through nose. According to Ayurveda first eliminating the toxins (excess dosas) that are responsible for the disease. BASTI (Enema) It is a treatment to eliminate the toxins from colon as well balancing the Vata dosha. In this procedure localized impurity or poison from the blood is removed through various methods. VIRECHAN (Purgation) This eliminates the toxic or waste matters from the intestine. Nasya (nasal administration-Nose. VAMANA (Emesis) It is a process of therapeutic vomiting (induced). joint problems and dryness in the body as well as strengthening the nervous system. According to individual's health status. These five process are: Vaman (Emesis-lung & stomach cleaning). one or more processes can be useful for improving the health.

PIZHICHIL In this treatment lukewarm herbal oil is applied all over the body in a special rhythmic way. SNEHAPANAM In this you are given medicated ghee to be taken orally for a no. glaucoma. It helps in the treatment for conjunctivitis. spondilosis. This treatment is effective for all types of arthritis. skin diseases etc. spondilytis. The Basti is of the following types. cholesterol and certain kinds of skin diseases. Swedan is done locally or on the full body and helps in various sicknesses including arthritis. Virechana and Vasti. herbs or herbal powders are applied to your whole body in boluses with hot medicated oils. NJAVARAKIZHI (Pottali) It is a process in which whole body or any specific part is applied with boluses tied up in muslin bag containing herbal leaf. This treatment is very useful for Rheumatic diseases like arthritis. This is also a preliminary process for Vaman. sports injuries. mental tension and certain skin diseases. eczema. . sports injuries etc. burning sensation of the head and other Vata-oriented diseases. rheumatism. SWEDAN In swedan the body is made to undergo sudation or sweating by exposure to steam. burning sensation. With herbs added steam the body is made to perspire to loosen and excrete the toxins. scabies and leucoderma etc. This treatment also enhances the beauty of the eye. This treatment is mainly for insomnia. KIZHI In this procedure herbal leaf. dryness of mouth. : NETRA BASTI: This is for the eyes. The method was also effectively used to cure enlarged liver and spleen. emaciation of limbs. herbs or herbal powders or cooked medicated rice. joint pains. DHARA In this process. blood pressure. BASTI In this treatment sesame or herbal oil is kept on the effected area for 15 to 20 minutes. paralysis and hemiplegia. nostrils and throat. some herbal oils or medicated milk or medicated buttermilk is poured on your forehead in a special method. of days. SIROVASTHI Specially prepared herbal oils are poured into a cap fitted on the head. This treatment is for osteo-arthritis. vata predominant diseases. This treatment is highly effective for facial paralysis.the blood stream causing various chronic skin disorders like urticaria. vision problems. This treatment is especially helpful in Vata and Pitta disorders. This treatment is effective for all types of arthritis. severe headaches.

. KATI BASTI: Kati Basti is the treatment for chronic back pain. This treatment is highly effective for facial paralysis. and increases strength and vitality at a very essential level. dryness of mouth. lower back spasms.HRID BASTI: This is especially Rejuvenating for the organ of Heart. degenerative Spondilosis and nerve pains. A series of these treatments are amazingly beneficial and relax the total body. nostrils and throat. severe headaches. It strengthens the heart muscle. SHIROVASTI: Specially prepared herbal oils is poured into a cap fitted on the head. burning sensation.

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