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Equations

and Constants. Constants.


Quantity Astronomical Unit Solar Mass Solar Radius Terrestrial Mass Terrestrial Radius (equatorial) Speed of Light Gravitational constant Electrostatic constant Elementary charge Permittivity constant Rest mass of an electron Rest mass of a proton Rest mass of a neutron Permeability in vacuo Plancks constant Rydberg constant First Bohr radius Symbol AU MSun RSun MEarth REarth c G k e 0 me mp mn o h h R ao Value 1.50 x 1011 1.98 x 1030 6.96 x 108 5.97 x 1024 6.38 x 106 3.00 x 108 6.67 x 10-11 8.99 10 9 1.6 10-19 8.85 10 12 9.1010 31 1.67 10-27 1.68 10-27 410 7 6.63 10-34 4.14 10-15 1.05 10-34 1.1 107 5.3 10-11 Units m kg m kg m m s-1 m3 kg-1 s-2 N m2 / C2 C F/m or C2 / N m2 kg kg kg N A2 Js eV s Js m-1 m

Geometry: Circumference of a circle = 2r Area of a sphere = 4r2


Area of a circle = r2 Volume of a sphere = (4/3)r3

Rotational Mechanics: = d / dt s = r f = i+t L = r p

= d / dt v = r f = i + it+(t)2 L = I dW = . xc.o.m. = 1/M x dm

= net / I a = r f2= i2+2 = r F P = . K = I 2

I = Mi Ri 2 = r2 dm Gravitation:

p2 = a3

Standard Results for Moments of Inertia:

Electricity and Magnetism: Q = C V ; |A B| = A B sin B = 0 I / (2d) |B|point charge = B = 0 n I F = qE ; U = qV ;

U = QV ; uE = 0 E 2 Vc(t) = e-t/RC| = p E

F = q v B

= N I A B = B

dF = IdB F = IB

Inductance: L = 0 n2 A for a long solenoid; I = Ioe-t/ Energy density: uB = B =

Maxwells Equations:

Direction of E and B and current in diagrams: or x signifies into the page ; signifies out of the page. Quantum Physics: