Famous Irish Writers

The Irish Literature is one of the oldest Vernacular Literatures in western Europe. The adaptation of the Latin alphabet led to the development of the Irish literature and in the 19th century the English language was well on the way to becoming the dominant vernacular, overthrowing the Irish language. However, until the Great Famine in the 1840’s and even later, the Irish language was still being used in large areas of the country, particularly in the south-west, the west and the north-west part. The famous vigorous and satiric long poem by Brian Merriman called ‘an Cúirt Mheán Oíche’ ( The Midnight Court ) at the beginning of the century, proves that the Vernacular Irish was still the language that the Irish writers used. Nevertheless, the Great Famine led to the retreat of the Irish language, since many of its speakers died of hunger or fever, and many more emigrated. The dominant cultural force in Ireland became the English-speaking middle class which took interest in the literature in the Irish language. Thus, the numerous attempts of English scholars to collect popular poetry in Irish managed to bridge the gap between the Literatures of the two languages. The literary language (known as Home in Classical Irish), was used by many well known Irish writers such as Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) who was Irelands first earliest notable writer. Other Irish Novelists to emerge during the 19th century were John Banim, Gerald Griffin, Charles Kickham and William Carleton, who wrote ‘Traits and Stories of the Irish Peasantry ‘. Carleton’s work reflects the life of the peasants as opposed to the rest of the abovementioned writers, who followed the general tendency in literature to reflect the views of the middle class and the ‘big house’. Among the most accomplished products of Anglo-Irish literature, is the novel of Dracula - written by Bram Stoker - which moves the Anglo-Irish literature to a different direction far beyond the stereotypes of the ‘big house’ novels. Moreover, Sheridan Le Fanu who wrote Uncle Silas and Carmilla, was one of the premier ghost story writers of the nineteenth century. Other examples of accomplished writers of the Anglo-Irish literature are the mostly humorous novels and stories of Edith Somerville and Violet Florence who in 1894 published The Real Charlotte. Also, the well renowned writer and poet Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), whose plays are distinguished for their wit was born and raised in Ireland and although he spent the greater part of his life in England he is usually claimed to be an Irish writer. The growth of Irish cultural nationalism towards the end of the 19th century, culminating in the Gaelic Revival , had a marked influence on Irish writing in Home, and contributed to the Irish Literary Revival . This Revival is seen in the works of the modern Irish writers such as Patrick Pearse (1879-1916) and Máirtín Ó Cadhain (1906-1970), who mostly wrote autobiographies. Caitlín Maude (1941-1982) and Nuala Ní Dhomhnaill may be seen as

representatives of a new generation of poets, conscious of tradition but modernist in outlook. The best known of that generation was possibly Michael Hartnett (1941-1999), who wrote in both Irish and Home, abandoning the latter altogether for a time.Writing in Irish now encompasses a broad range of subjects and genres, with more attention being directed to younger readers.

Finally, the generation of modern Irish writers who wrote in Home followed the footsteps of Yeats, who was already prominent at the beginning of the 20th century, but his style changed under the influence of his contact with Modernism . The generation of Irish poets who followed Yeats were the modernists James Joyce and Samuel Becket. Joyce is often regarded as the father of the literary genre " stream of consciousness ", best exemplified in his famous work, Ulysses, which is considered to be one of the 20th century's greatest literary achievements. With the rise of the Irish Free State and the Republic of Ireland , more Novelists from the lower social classes began to emerge like Brinsley MacNamara. To sum up, at the present the literature in Ireland follows its traditional style but is also influenced by the current literary tendencies, the current events and styles and the technology.

Famous Irish Singers
Sarah Makem (18 October 1900 - 20 April 1983) was an Irish Traditional Singer and mother of the musicians Tommy Makem and Jack Makem. Sarah Makem and her cousin, Annie Jane Kelly, were members of the Singing Greenes of Keady.In the 1950s, song collectors from the United States toured Ireland Recording its musical Heritage. Her song of ‘As I Roved Out’ opened the BBC Radio Folk Music Programme of the same name in the 1950s. Chris de Burgh was born in 15 October 1948. He is a British / Irish singerSongwriter born in Argentina. He is most famous love for His 1986 song " The Lady in Red ". De Burgh signed his first contract with A & M Records in 1974. His debut album, ‘Far Beyond These Castle Walls’ , was a folk-tinged fantasy. In 1981, he had His first UK chart entry with Best Moves which was a collection from his early albums. In 1982 the song ‘Don’t pay the Ferryman’ reached number 30 in the UK charts and number 43 in the U.S. charts. Chris de Burgh has been married to Diane since 1977 and lives in Enniskerry , County Wicklow in Ireland . They have two sons, Hubie and

Michael, and a daughter, Rosanna , who won the Miss World competition in 2003 for Ireland.

Irish Typical Foods

Irish Famous Places

Drombeg Stone Circle 1500 b.C.

Dublin

Waterford Castle

Cabra Castle

Irish Traditional Celebrations

Parade on St Patrick’s day

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