STEP BY STEP APPROACH FOR PHYSICAL STANDBY CREATION USING RMAN WITHOUT SHUTTING DOWN THE PRIMARY DATABASE

Environment Details: Database Name Primary DB_UNIQUE_NAME Primary hostname gpmprd gpmprd gpmdbprod03.local

Standby DB_UNIQUE_NAME Standy hostname

gpmstby gpmdbdev02.local

Step 1: Ensure that Primary DB is in Archivelog mode.

Step 2 : Enable force logging in Primary DB

Step 3: Create standby logfiles alter database add standby logfile group 4 '+GPMDATA01' size 50m; alter database add standby logfile group 5 '+GPMDATA01' size 50m; alter database add standby logfile group 6 '+GPMDATA01' size 50m; alter database add standby logfile group 7 '+GPMDATA01' size 50m;

Step 4: Modify the below initialization parameter for dataguard on primary database. alter system set LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG='DG_CONFIG=(gpmprd,gpmstby)'; alter system set LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_1='LOCATION=+GPMDATA01 VALID_FOR=(ALL_LOGFILES,ALL_ROLES) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=gpmprd'; alter system set LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_1=ENABLE; alter system set LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='SERVICE=gpmstby LGWR ASYNC VALID_FOR=(ONLINE_LOGFILES,PRIMARY_ROLE) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=gpmstby'; alter system set LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_2=DEFER; alter system set FAL_SERVER=gpmstby; alter system set FAL_CLIENT=gpmprd; alter system set DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT='+GPMSTBY01','+GPMDATA01' scope=spfile; alter system set LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT='+GPMSTBY01','+GPMDATA01' scope=spfile;

Step 5 : Ensure that the sql*net connectivity is working fine in primay and standby database.

Step 6 : Create the password file. Copy the password file from the primary $ORACLE_HOME/dbs location and rename it to the standby database name. a) Copy the password file to share location. Sql> cp $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapwgpmprd /orashare1/dg/ b) Rename password file to standy database name. Sql> mv orapwgpmprd orapwgpmstby c) Move the password file to standy $ORACLE_HOME/dbs location. Sql> cp orapwgmpstby $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/.

Step 7: Create the necessary directories in the standby location. mkdir -p /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/gpmstby/gpmstby/dpdump

mkdir -p /oracle/app/oracle/admin/gpmstby/adump Step 8: Create a initialization parameter to nomount standby database. DB_NAME=gpmstby remote_login_passwordfile=EXCLUSIVE Step 9: RMAN -Connecting to Primary and Auxiliary instances. On the primary system invoke the RMAN executable and connect to the primary and the auxiliary database

Step 10: RMAN – Duplicating Primary DB onto Standby. run { allocate channel prmy1 type disk; allocate channel prmy2 type disk; allocate channel prmy3 type disk; allocate channel prmy4 type disk; allocate auxiliary channel stby type disk; duplicate target database for standby from active database spfile parameter_value_convert 'gpmprd','gpmstby' set db_unique_name='gpmstby' set db_file_name_convert='+GPMDATA01','+GPMSTBY01' set log_file_name_convert='+GPMDATA01/gpmprd','+GPMSTBY01/gpmstby' set control_files='+GPMSTBY01/gpmstby/control01.ctl' set log_archive_max_processes='5' set fal_client='gpmstby' set fal_server='gpmprd' set standby_file_management='AUTO' set log_archive_config='dg_config=(gpmstby,gpmprd)' set log_archive_dest_1='service=gpmprd ASYNC valid_for=(ONLINE_LOGFILE,PRIMARY_ROLE) db_unique_name=gpmprd' ; }

Step 11: Starting Managed Recovery on Standby.

Step 12: Compare the primary last sequence and MRP (Managed Recovery Process)applying sequence. 1. Primary database:

2. Standy database:

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