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htm Major key chord chart
Major key has two major seventh chords on I and IV degrees; there are minor seventh chords on II, III and VI degrees while dominant 7 chord is on V. Half diminished chord is on the VII degree of major key. I, II or IV, and Vare the most used chords. Classical pop progressions are I - VI - IV - V or I - III - II - V. However, in music you can find every combination of all these chords. Pay attention to IV degree (Major with augmented 4th )
Here are the major and minor scales with their chords
Harmonic minor key chord charts
Harmonic minor key is the classical minor scale; I think it is the true minor scale because the natural minor ones is similar to the major scale while melodic minor scale is less used. This scale has minor major seventh chord on the first degree; there are major chords on III and VI; half diminished chord is on the second degree, diminished 7 on VII and minor seventh is on fourth one. Dominant seventh chord is on V and it has also minor ninth and minor sixth!
Here is the harmonic minor chord chart
The tonic 7th chord in Harmonic Minor is a minor/major seventh NOT a major seventh as you have shown. So, for A minor harmonic, the first chord is Aminor/major 7th. Yes, you are right but I mean this with that notation m= minor chord j7= seventh major
Melodic minor key chord chart
Melodic minor scale is less used than natural and harmonic scales but it is important. Pay attention to IV degree ( seventh chord with augmented 4th) and to II degree (min 7th )
Melodic minor chord chart
Pay attention to II degree ( half diminished ) and to VII degree ( diminished seventh )
Natural minor key chord chart
Natural minor scale is much used in pop, dance, classical and jazz tunes. It has a catchy sound and many people love it! However, it has the same major scale's chords but they have different position. For example, in D natural minor key, C7 is on the VII degree while in F major key it is on V degree.Pay attention to V degree ( Minor 7th) and to VII degree (7th chord)
This is the natural minor chord chart
These chord charts are the harmonic base of classical, jazz and pop music. They derive, above all, from J.S. Bach but also other great classical composers.
Considerations on seventh chords and their key
Seventh chords are complete chords, in the sense that they have the main notes that determine the harmony of a chord. The fundamental, the third, the fifth and the seventh (said "chordal notes") does understand the key and the type of a chord. Besides they may determine, comparing with the neighboring chords to what key it belongs and then from what scale's degree is produced. In my pop blues music, I use nearly only seventh chords that have a complex but non too dissonant sound. You can learn everything about improvisation reading articles, watching tutorial videos and listening solos published on the Web. Internet offers you a great resource to learn music harmony, theory and improvisation but the best resource is your passion for this art!
Dominant seventh chord charts : structures
Dominant chord is on the :
y y y
V degree of the Major and harmonic-melodic minor (b9 and b6) scale VII of the natural minor scale IV (#4) degree of the melodic minor scale.
#4 = This chord has augmented 4th b6 =minor 6th b9 = minor 9th In this page there are dominant seventh chords in all keys and in 4 inversions
Dominant 7 chord charts : inversions
Here are all dominant seventh chord inversions. This chord is much used in blues music and its derived styles. The blues structure is characterized by the constant use of this chord. Besides the simpler blues structure is formed only by three dominant seventh chords. Even in the classical music, it was much used and it was considered almost a consonance: in fact, its seventh did not need the preparation; you do need to feel it previously as consonant tune in another chord. It could be played enough freely. However, memory that in accordance with the classical harmony and not only, the seventh of a chord is well that descends, to resolve the tension that creates. For example, considering the C7 chord, the Bb (seventh) is well that moving, nearly always, descend to A, the third of F Maj, that is the third of the tonic chord.
Major seventh chord charts : structures
This chord is on the :
y y y
I and IV (#4) degree of the Major scale III (#5) of the harmonic and melodic minor scale III and VI (#4) degree of the natural minor scale
#4 =augmented 4th #5 = augmented 5th In this page there are major chords in all keys and in 4 inversions Play these chords in the whole keyboard (More than an octave) Play them with both hands Arpeggiate the chords as I show in the videos
Here is the major seventh chord chart. In this major seventh chord chart the chord is on the first degree of major scale (In the first staff there is an error in the key signature because F major key has Bb)
Harmonic and perceptive considerations on major seventh chord
The major seventh chord gives to the listener a sense of spatial opening. It is in other words a solar, gladden and ample chord. It gives often a sense of rest, reassurance, and stasis, above all using simply the major triad. The major seventh note, instead, creates a strong movement of sonorous opening, creating in the music a light. This chord harmonically is above all a first degree in the major key, but sometimes a fourth degree in major key. You have to be careful to distinguish if a major chord is a I or IV degree because based on this you have to change the scale to use over it. For example, if there is F sharp in the key signature (GMaj) and you have in your song a CMaj7 chord, it is IV and not I degree. Therefore you have to use the G major and NOT C major scale.
Minor seventh chords : structures
Minor seventh chord is on the :
y y y y y
II, III, and VI degree of the Major scale I, IV and V degree of the natural minor sc. II degree of the melodic minor scale IV degree of the harmonic minor key I degree of a minor scale (It has major seventh on harmonic minor scale!).
Tips: - Learn all minor seventh chords in all keys and in its 4 inversions - Play these chords in the whole keyboard (More than an octave) - Arpeggiate the inversions Minor seventh chord has a beautiful sound and I have sincerely to say that among the five families of chords, this is my preferred. It has a sweet, soft but also darken, mysterious and expressive sound. There are famous songs (see for example, 'So what" by Miles Davis) based only on this chord.
Here is the minor seventh chord chart. In this chart I wrote minor seventh chord as a II degree in major key.
How to learn seventh chord inversions
A great drill to learn minor seventh chords is to play all the chords on your instrument and then improvise on a minor chord using only chordal notes. For example you can improvise on Cmin7 using only C-Eb-G-Bb. In this way you learn to control and play rights notes in your improvisations. Improvising does not mean playing whatever note I want in a random way and it does not mean playing patterns of notes I learnt before in my practice. Improvisation means composing good and nice music, good melodies never played before.
Half diminished chords chart : structures and tonal function
It is also called minor 7th diminished 5 (b5) chord ( C m7/b5 ) This chord is on the :
y y y
VII degree in major scale II in natural and harmonic minor scales (Most used) VI and VII degree in the melodic minor scale.
In this page there are half diminished chords in all keys and in 4 inversions
The half diminished or "minor seventh chord with diminished fifth" is above all in minor keys. In the major key the half diminished 7 chord is on the scale's seventh degree but it is less used in this key context. It is just a dominant seventh chord's substitution (on the fifth degree). In fact, in major key, the half diminished chord can be considered a dominant seventh chord with the ninth and with the third on bass.
Here is the half diminished chord chart
Learn every inversion of the half diminished chord
The half diminished chord has minor third, diminished fifth and minor seventh. It is different from diminished chord because it has minor seventh while dim 7th chord has diminished seventh. This chord is used as a II degree in minor key (Harmonic and natural) and dominant seventh chord follows it (V degree). II-V-I in A minor key: B min7b5 - E7b9 - Amin7.
Diminished 7 chord charts : structures
Diminished chord is on the :
VII degree of the harmonic minor scale
In this page there are diminished 7 chords in all keys and in 4 inversions It is a chord with an ambiguous, indefinite, and vague sound. This sound ambiguity makes it a tune joker, because it may be considered in different ways. Now I explain. The diminished seventh chord is perfectly symmetrical: it is constituted only by minor thirds intervals. If you play an inversion of this chord you can realize the distance between the various notes remains unchanged. In other words, every diminished seventh chord inversion has only minor third intervals. For example, A diminished seventh chord can be considered also C, E flat (or D sharp) and G flat (or F sharp) diminished seventh chord. Every diminished seventh chord is equal (enharmonic) to other three chords: only the theoretical notes¶ name, the key to which chord belongs and the fundamental bass note change. For example: C dim7 is equal (enharmonic) to Eb dim7, Gb dim7 and A dim7. In other pages, I will tell you what theories and concepts derive from this ambiguity. Here is the diminished 7 chord chart
Modulations with diminished seventh chords
The diminished seventh chord is used often to modulate that is to change key. With this chord, you can practically go to any key that is you can modulate in every key. For example, if you want to modulate from C Major Key to F#min you can use E# dim7 or F dim7 and then add the tonic chord of the new key, that is F#min or F#min7
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