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FOR 6520: Research II Final Review Factorial ANOVASPSS pathway -analyzegeneral linear model1 DV=univariate 2+ DVs (repeated measures)=repeated

ed measures 2 factor=2 IV=3 hypotheses Difference between doing 2 1-factor ANOVAs and 1 2-factor ANOVA is ability to detect interaction -also saves money -drawback is the need for more participants Linear Model=Yijk=+Aj+Bk+(AB)jk+Eijk observed = pop + main + main + interaction + error score (DV) mean effect A effect B effect AB Hypotheses: -AH01: 1 = 2 = = j H11: not all j are equal -BH02: 1 = 2 = = k H12: not all k are equal -ABH03: ( jk j k + ) = 0 for all j and k H13: not all ( jk j k + ) = 0 Symbol interpretation -ijk=observed score -i=individual - j =level j of factor A - k=level k of factor B - =average Interaction=effect of 1 variable is different across levels of another variable -certain combinations of 2 factors produce effects beyond those produced separately -mean differences among levels of factor A are not constant across (and thus depend upon) levels of factor B -theres a joint effect of factors A and B on Y -theres a unique effect that could not be predicted from knowledge of only the main effects SStotal = SSA + SSB + SSAB + SSwith Conceptual problem answers -in ANOVA the interaction of 2 factors is certainly present when row effects are not consistent across columns -2 independent variables are said to interact when the effect of 1 variable depends on a second variable

-if there is an interaction between IVs it means that 1 IV has a different effect at different levels of 2nd IV -if the AB interaction is significant, it does not mean that at least 1 of the main effects must be significant -a 2-factor experiment does yield more info than 2 1-factor experiments Use research design to decide: what testing? -meanshow many groups? -1 group one sample T-test -2 groupshow were participants selected? -independent selection (random) independent samples T-test -dependent selection (nonrandom) paired samples T-test -3+ groups ANOVAhow many IVs? -independent -1 1-factor ANOVA -2+ factorial ANOVA -dependent repeated measures ANOVA -proportionshow many groups? -1 group chi-square goodness of fit -2+ groups chi-square test of association -relationships among variables -Pearson r *with chi-square dont forget to set value