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APPLICATION OF KKS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR TURBINE AND ITS INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL

(B S Rana) Rev Date Prepared By :

(K B Batra) Checked By :

(A Ali) Approved By:

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1.0

INTRODUCTION KKS system is a classification system for the complete power plant and its components and provides a common language for the designer, the manufacturer and the user. This paper provides an overview of KKS application for turbine and its instrumentation and control system.

1.1

COMPLETE TAG/CODE NUMBER Complete tag number for any component is of the form : AAANN ----------Function Key A A N N N (A) ----------- --AANN ---------

Equipment Process Equipment Key Key

A : Alphabetic symbol N : Numeric symbol (A) : Optional 2.0 2.1 FUNCTION KEY FIRST LETTER OF THE FUNCTION KEY The meaning of the first letter of the function key can following list. A = Alphabetic symbol N = Numeric symbol AAANNAANNN Example A B C D E F G H I K L MAA50 CP001 be seen from the

Grid and distribution plant Unit main and auxiliary current supply system Parts of instrumentation and control Conventional fuel and ash handling Handling of nuclear technical parts Water supply and drainage Conventional heat generation system (Boiler) Nuclear heat generation Nuclear auxiliaries Steam, condensate and gas cycle

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M N P Q S U X 2.2

Main machinery (turbine, generator etc.) Process energy distribution (external) Cooling water system Auxiliaries Ancillaries Civil work Large machinery

THE FUNCTION KEY "C.." A A A N N A A N N N (cabinet for EHC module) Example C CC CCA CJ CJJ CJN CW CWA CX CJJ02HB114 position HB 114)

Parts of instrumentation and control Cabinets for binary signal conditioning and drive control Drive control and binary signal conditioning Unit coordinator level I&C Cabinets for turbine Cabinets for generator voltage regulator Control stations Main control desk Local control stations (train-1)

2.3

THE FUNCTION KEY "L.." AAANNAANNN Example L LA LAB L B A 1 0 C P 0 0 1 (Main steam pressure before stop valve-1) Steam, condensate, gas cycles Feed water system Feed water piping system (from deaerator to boiler)

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LAD LB LBA LBB LBC LBE LBF LBG LBH LBK LBQ LBS LBT LBU LBW LBX LBY LC LCA LCB LCC

HP - heater Steam systems Main steam piping Hot reheat piping Cold reheat piping Back pressure system HP bypass system Auxiliary steam system Start up steam system Process heat transfer HP extraction piping system LP extraction piping system

Common blow-off piping Seal steam system Medium supply for control and protective units Control and protective units Condensate system Main condensate system Main condensate pumping system LP heating system

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2.3

THE FUNCTION KEY "M.." AAANNAANNN Example M A B 5 0 C P 0 0 1 (steam pressure behind blading IP- casing)

M MA MAA MAB MAC MAD MAG MAJ MAK MAL MAN MAP MAQ MAV MAW MAX MAY MB MK MKA

Main machinery Steam turbine H.P. turbine I.P. turbine L.P. turbine Bearings Condenser including flash boxes and measuring devices Air extraction Power transmission between turbine & genr, Turbine drain system LP bypass system including injection water system (only for nuclear power plants) Vent system OIL system Seal, heat and cooling system. Control fluid system Control and protective system Gasturbine plant Generator Genarator casing inclusive stator and rotor shaft turning gear

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MKC MKD MKF MKG MKQ KMW MKY MY MYA 2.5

Excitation Bearings Primary water cooling system Gas turbine Exhaust gas system Seal oil system Control and protective system Control governing and protective equipment. for steam turbine plant

THE FUNCTION KEY "P.." and X.." A A A N N A A N N N Example P G B 1 3 C T 5 0 2 (cooling water before oil cooler 2)

P PA PAA PAB PAC PAH PAL PG PGB PGM XA

Cooling water system Main cooling water system Mechanical cooling water cleaning facilities Pipe and canal system Main cooling water pumps Condenser cleaning system Ventilation, evacuation Conventional closed cooling water system C.W. for oil, control fluid cooler etc. Secondary water for generator primary water cooler Boiler feed pump turbine

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2.6

The Numerical Symbols of the Function Key A A A N N A A N N N Example M A A 0 0 E C 0 0 1 ( start-up program )

The numerical symbols of the different functions (systems or sub-systems) are usually standardised in order to recognize the type of system valid for the power plant concerned. Therefore in most of the cases the number is not counted continuously starting with 01,02,.. Examples for complete function keys are given in clause 3.10. For a detailed listing of all function keys used for the turbine - generator sets it is referred to the piping and instrumentation drawings and to the measuring point list. 00 For superordinated signification (as in the given example, start-up / shut-down program for turbine) the 00 is used. 3. 3.1 Equipment Unit Key The First Letter of the Equipment Unit Key The meaning of the first letter of the equipment unit key can be seen from the following list. The darkened areas of interest for I&C of the turbogenerator set and are explained in more detail in the lists given under 3.2 ... 3.7. A A A N N A A N N N Example A B C D E G M A X 5 1 C P Units (incl. drives.) Tanks, heat exchangers, apparatus ... Measuring circuits Close Loop Control circuits Processing of measured values Electrical equipment (subdistributors etc.) 0 1 2 (trip fluid pressure)

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H I 3.2

Subassemblies of heavy machines Nuclear subassemblies

The Equipment Unit Key "A." A A A N N A A N N N Example MA G 1 0 A A 0 0 1 (vacuum breaker valve)

A. AA AN AP AZ 3.3

Units incl. drives Valves Air exhauster, vacuum pumps Pumps Overspeed governor, shaft position

The Equipment Unit Key "B." A A A N N A A N N N Example B. BB BC BP BT BY M A X 4 5 B Y 0 0 1 (hydr. speed governor)

Apparatus Vessels and tanks Heat Exchangers Flowing limitation Separators, filters Mechanically driven regulators

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3.4

The Equipment Unit Key "C." AAANNAANNN Example L B A 0 0 C F 0 0 1 (main steam flow)

C. CD CE CF CG CL CP CS CT CU CW CY 3.5

Measuring circuits Density measurements Electrical quantities Flow rate measurements Distance, length or position measurements Level measurements Pressure measurements Velocity, speed or frequency measurements Temperature measurements Combined quantities Weight force or mass measurements Vibration or expansion measurments

The Equipment Unit Key "D." AAANNAANNN Example M Y A 0 1 D S 0 0 2 (speed controller of EHC)

D. DD DE

Closed loop control circuits Density control circuit Control circuit for electrical quantities

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DF DG DP DS DT DU 3.6

Control circuit for flow Control circuit for distance/length Pressure control circuit Control circuit for speed/frequency Control circuit for temperature Control circuit for combined quantities

The Equipment Unit Key "E." AAANNAANNN Example M A Y 0 1 E P 0 0 1 (stress evaluator)

E. EA EB EC EE EG EP EU EY EZ

Processing of measured values Unit control Group control Subgrup control Subloop control Alarm logic Supervisory computer (e.g. stress evaluator) Combined proceesing of measured values Protective logic Protection

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3.7

The Equipment Unit Key "F." AAANNAANNN Example M K A 0 2 F E 0 0 1 load controller of EHC

F. FE FS 3.8

Measurements with special signal conditioning Electrical quantities (load) Speed /frequency

The Equipment Unit Key "G." A A ANNAANNN Example G. GA GB GC GF M A B 0 0 G B 0 0 1 (junction box for signals from IP section) Electrical equipment Subdistributor for drive-related binary transmitters Subdistributor for non-drive-related binary transmitters Subdisributor for analog transmitters Subdistributor general

3.9

The Numerical Symbols of the Equipment Unit Key A A A N N A A N N N (A) Example MAA10 CT001 B

The number of the equipment unit consists of three digits. In most of the cases it is counted continuously starting with 001, 002, ... But to avoid confusion other ways of counting are also admitted. If required a last alpha digit (in the example : B) is used to identify pilot valves, drives with multiple power supply, double thermometers (as in the example) as sub-units of a complete equipment unit.

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3.10

Examples for KKS Key (Main Components of the turbine, TSE) HP casing HP emergency stop valves HP control valves IP casing Reheat stop valves Reheat control valves LP casing Front Front Front Front bearing bearing bearing bearing of of of of HP casing IP casing LP casing LP casing MAA MAA10AA001 MAA20AA001 MAA10AA002 MAA20AA002 MAB MAB10AA001 MAB20AA001 MAB10AA002 MAB20AA002 MAC MAD11 MAD12 MAD13 MAD14 MAW50AA001 MAW80 MAW80AN001 MAX11BA001 MAX16AP001 MAX16AP002 M Y A 1 0 A Z 0 0 1, 2 MYA10AZ011 M Y A 1 0 C S 0 11,12,13,14 LBC11AA001 LBC21AA001 LBA10CP001 LBA10CT001

Laek -off control valve Gland steam condenser Air exhauster Control fluid tank Control fluid pumps Overspeed governor Shaft position Speed measuring device Check valve cold reheat Main steam pressure Main steam temperature

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Cold reheat pressure Cold reheat temperature Hot reheat pressure Hot reheat temperature NR valves extr. 5 NR valves extr. 4 NR valves extr. 3 TSE indicator TSE recorder 1 TSE recorder 2 4. 4.1 The Process Equipment Key

LBC11CP001 LBC11CT001 LBB10CP001 LBB10CT001 LBQ01AA001 LBQ01AA002 LBS14AA001 LBS14AA002 LBS13AA001 LBS13AA002 MAY00CT910 MAY00CT911 MAY00CT912

The First Letters of the Process Equipment Key The meaning of the first letter of the process equipment key can be seen from the following list. The boldened letters are of interest for I&C. A A A N N A A N N N(A) Example K. M. Q. MAA10 CT001A AANN - B 0 1 (TSE sensor)

Mechanical process equipment Mechanical process equipment Process equipment for I&C

QB Transmitter QH Annunciation system QN Controller


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QP Measuring instruments testing equipment QR Differential pressure lines QS Equalizing tank, flow chamber QT thermometer wells QU Converter

- . Electrical process equipment ----------------------------A -B -C -D -E -F -G -N -K -N -P -Q -R -S -T -U Modules and component assemblies Transducers from non-electric quantities Capacitors Delay equipment, memory Special facilities Protection equipment Generators, power supplies Annunciation system Relays, contactor Amplifiers, controller Measuring instruments, testing equipment Power switching devices Resistances Circuit breaker Transformers Modulators, transducers

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-V -W -X -Y -Z

Tubes, semiconductor Transformer controller , wave guide Terminals, plugs Electrically actuated mechanic equipment Terminations, compensating equipment, filters, limiters

X. Used for signal identification code ( signals from a specific signal area, Ref. cl. 5.0) Y. Used for signal identification code ( signals for a special application, input signal, Ref. cl. 5.0) Z. Used for signal identification code ( gated signals from a specific signal area, Ref. cl. 5.0) 4.4 Ex. for Electrical Process Equipment at Main Components of the Turb. A A A N N A A N N N (A) - A N N 1. Feedpump total Feedpump pump Feedpump E-motor LAB10 AP001 LAB10 AP001 LAB10 AP001 -P01 -M01

2. Double thermocouple M A A 1 0 C T 0 0 1 Ist branch MAA10CT001A -B01 2nd branch MAA10CT001B -B01 Indicator MAA10CT001 -I01 3. Position monitoring of valve Main steam stop valve M M M M A A A A A A A A (several contacts) 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 A A A A A A A A 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 S S S S 1 2 6 7 1 1 1 1

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4.

Position switches at valves Main Main Main Main Main Main Main Main steam steam steam steam steam steam steam steam stop stop stop stop valve valve valve valve M M M M A A A A M M M M A A A A A A A A 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 C C C C 0 0 0 0 G G G G C C C C 0 0 0 0 G G G G 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 B C D E 2 2 2 2 A A A A -S11 -S21 -S61 -S71 S S S S 1 2 6 7 1 1 1 1

control control control control

valve valve valve valve

A A A A

0 0 0 0

5. Thermocouples TSE TSE TSE TSE sensor sensor sensor sensor HP HP HP HP ESV 100 % ESV 50 % CTRV 100 % CTRV 50 % MAA10CT001AB01 MAA10CT001BB01 MAA10CT011AB01 MAA10CT011BB01

TSE sensor HP outer casing 100 % M A A 5 0 C T 0 0 1 A B 0 1 TSE sensor HP outer casing 100 % M A A 5 0 C T 0 0 1 B B 0 1 TSE sensor IP inner casing 100% TSE sensor IP inner casing 100% TSE sensor IP inner casing 100% 5.0 SIGNAL IDENTIFICATION CODE It is used for identifying all process signals used in control and instrumentation system. This code occupies the position of the process equipment key as indicated below. AAANN AANNN AANN -------Signal ID code either on signal (source) area or on MAB50CT011 M A B 5 0 C T 0 1 2 (spare) M A B 5 0 CT 0 1 3 (spare)

Signal identification code is based application area as described below. 5.1 SIGNAL AREA Initial character is X or Z X. Z.

Signals from a specific signal area Gated signals from a specific signal area

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

A B C G H J K L M N P Q R S T V W

Functional group control/subloop control Control interface Conventional closed loop control Binary process signals conditioned via transmitter modules Analog process signals conditioned via limit value monitor modules Signals not coming from specified areas Signals from protection systems, Iskamatic C Control room and control stations Non floating individual and group alarms Status display computer/criteria indication Supervisory computer/process computer Analog signals Major closed-loop controls Step signals from FGC Turbine insrumentation and control Protective logic Hard-wired alarm system

Serial numbers within a signal area are sequentially numbered from 1 to 99. Examples : Shaft vibrations Temp. HP casing Top 50% Oil tank level Auxiliary oil pump Fire prot 1 chan 1 Limit pressure operation 5.2 APPLICATION AREA Application refers to the destination of the signal and the initial character is Y. Y. YA YB YC YJ YK YL YN YP YQ YR YT YV YW Signals for special application Functional group control/subloop control Control interface Conventional closed loop control For unspecified applications Protection systems, Iskamatic C Control room and control stations Status display computer/criteria indication Supervisory computer/process computer Analog applications Major closed-loop controls Turbine instrumentation and control Protective logic hard-wired alarm system < max > 100 C > min on operated on MAA00 EC001 ZA09 MAA50 CT053A XH52 MAV10 CL001 XG02 MAV22 AP001 XB01 MAY00 EY001 ZV52 MYA01 DU001 XT37

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Serial numbers within an application area are sequentially numbered from 1 to 99. Examples : Auxiliary oil pump 1 Lube oil pressure Power setpoint HP ESV 1 on too low raise 100 % MAV22 AP001 MAV10 EG001 MYA01 DU001 MAA00 EC002 YB21 ZV06 YT35 YL16

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