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FEDERAL BUREAU

OF INVESTIGATION

FIVE

PERCENTERS
PART 1 OF 2

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Subject: lFive
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New York Office instructed


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completely Department
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identify

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ELL SIX ABOVENEGROESARE EMPLOYEDAND STATE


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ABOVESIX HEGROESARRAIGREDBEFORE JUDGE FRANCIS K O~BRIEN, FELOHY If;-y

f THOUSAND DOLLARS BAIL ON CHARGES FELOHIOUS OF ASSAULT, RESISTING ARREST, . >3 .-&#39; ICHARGE OF NA? 14.1RND CONSPIRACY T0 COMMIT FELDNY. ALLAH RECEI VED ADDITIONAL
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PAGE FOUR ARRESTED.

CASE ADJOURNED BY JUDGE UNTIL EIGHTEEN 1 0-SRIEN JU92E NEXT LL!

ATELY SIXTY HEEEO FULLOWERSFIVE PERCENTERS0URT OF IN -Q I s

0NJUNE INSTANT, SIX NEGROES WERE ONE WHEN ABGVE APRAIGPED SIX WHEN &#39;PEACE&#39; HCLDINS THEIR PALMS UPRAISEB. JUDGEBRIEH D CLEARED COURT

LDEFEN9ANTSTHE FOLLOUERS APPEARED, ROSE SIXTY T0THEIR AND FEET SHOUTE


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ALL SIX NEGROES UERE HHS ARRESTED CURRENTLY CITY JAIL IN LIEU OF IN

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1-W--~ .-/=; BALL~ +~==; NO IDENIIFIABLE i ? Rff:&#39;-w: -N IHDICESREFLECT FIVE PERCENTERS OH

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1
.

|""-&#39;*v*r&#39;92- _ -&#39;Hr" I-*4--en T3 "raw $5


&#39;&#39; &#39; 1. " = 1&#39;

&#39; "

5- to as the

" ch eaten}; Tc} described group this as Teiieeeiea


_ &#39;

The "Five

"brotherhood of

Percenters", who knit


York City. on the
the eouth
an located

Blackmen" or

are on

the"Brotherhood_oI

occasion, referred
from an area Avenue on the
the
at

Allah,

Earle: section cf New beunied by Fifth Avenue


west, 120th
serving the

is e locsely

group of

They come east, Seventh


and l3Oth
near 120th

Negro youth

gangs in

the

Street on
above area

Street on
Street

north. These particular gangs emanate from New York City Public School Number 120, which is a junior high school

1532 Madison Avenue. They

Pct-lic School Nurrfoer 65 located at 127* West12&#39;,Fth street-{U9


E
type gangs
-1.

also hang

out around

New York City

These youths that exist inoctrinetei tie:

are typical in Harlem in the

of the except that

numerous street they have been

influenced by
and has
v

ax indiviiual

who refers

to himself

as "Allah"
teachings

4-&#39; 4

Of I1;-Jtion Isles. of

u;-1! leader 211;: 1~:c;e..e ..a: .~,


of the all sources X21 is therin have information in the

oistndbi Muslim

"A characterization attached and furnished reliable

past.GJ92
1 PT F This "$1leh 1965 by the New
as Clarence
Five Percecters an: was
"

isQ the recognized


one of

the six

leader of arrested on

the

may 31,
identified

York City
13X Smith

Pclice Department.
of 21 West 112th

He has
Street,

been

New York City, apartment arrest he denied being an

SE. Although N31 member

at the at present,

time of he is

his known to

have been

a member in the
and spends

past where
his time

he received
hanging around

his "X

name .

He is unemployed

the above-

mentioned area

of the

area{l&A -*

where he contacts
|

and indoctrinates

the youth

-9-

Disturbance{ Group gjff Called


J __. _ _,_ -n -a-u-n -n1-

.. " -r &#39; ._" - . .-..--

I_- A; _,92_-_ &#39; _ > &#39; _~__ ___&#39;-E - __&#39;_ up q l -<4:-3-$1- .4111!-.4 &*-ix;-grill -_92&#39;:-q -. ._ " ~&#39;"" * : ,. , ..&#39;~ ~ &#39; 92 . Q--> ~;- -~: _ _ ; _ -r r. _: _ . . -_,! ,~&#39; .~ ." . 0 t -5 &#39;: u -&#39;v -..,.~-i... _ -_ _ &#39; Y, .|_ 5&#39; 92 _, -

Five Percent@"&#39; "~1 ,YQ} .&#39;J-~> f? & Harlem, &#39; %* * Kew York cites. sly 29. 1965 ~
I ; 1 w _ . .

~ &#39;I;*5ffJi{f 5 ~ L n
&#39; t
_ &#39;_1 _ .I

1. APPENDIX

NATION OP ISLAM, formerly


referred to as the

Muslim

&#39; i

&#39;;e&#
.,.s

Cult of

Islam, also

known as

, e

huhnno&#39;s Eengles of Islsnm has described


In January,

_ on s nationwide basis.as
advised ELIJAH MUHAMMAD .

Nation ofIslam, N01! and "Muhammad&#39;s Temples of Isiam.1}


s second leader or source advised ELIJAH the NOI; Muhamad&#39;a Temple .

his organization

195?, a source

the -

On Hay 8, 196k, MUHAMMAD is the national

of Islam

MUHAHHAD and other NOI officials, when


organization on s nationwide

is the national headquarters


"Mosque" or

No; 2,

5335 South Greenwood

of the N01; and in mid-1960,


referring to
using either

Avenue, Chicago,

Illinoil
.

basis, commenced

HUhAHMAD&#39;8 ~ .

Tem lesIslam.c:;92 of
The NOI
1. K

"Temple" when mentioning one


is an all-Negro organization

of "Muhammad&#39;s
92.

which use

originally organized in 1930 in Detroit, Michigan. MUHAMMAD claims to have been selected by Allah, the Supreme Being, to lead the so-called Negro race out of slavery in the uiiderex
ness of is no North America by establishing Negro; that an independent black

nation in the United States. Members fo11owin HUHAMMAD&#39


teachings snd slaves of
such thing

his interpretation
as a

of the

2.-I

the white

race, referred

the so-called

"Koran believe

to as

"white devi1s,?

Negroes are

there_ in e

v 3 9

the United States; and that the white race, exploitation of the so-called Negroes, must In.the past, including MUHAMMAD,
provisions of

destroyed in the approaching "Her Armsgeddon.Eyn! of


officials and members of the ROI, have refused to register under the
Service Acts and have d olared

beoause of its l and ill be

that members owe allegiance to United no the Statesiyo! ~


On may 5, 1958, the first advice of legal counsel,
instructions to

the Selective

had, upon

source advised MUHAMMAD tempered his personal


concerning the

statements and

his ministers

principles of prosecution by not indicate

orgenization<:;!;;W , u
-

his organization in order to avoid possible the United States Government; however, he id L fundamental changes in the teachings Of his
.| ~~ " _. W &#39;,A-92. _A1 &#39;. -&#39;~ *

-~- e_
r

&#39;
w...

1 |-.

-3-".
F

I1,,

.1

92 N
_ __,;_

I: 92

-.
1

u_.___r, ____ _ __

_ .-_-:._

4. - - ~

-~

R .

_ ____@_._ _~~_.... *&#39; &#39;

-...;-.._-. -

..

A !

g Five
" -92 an &#39; ~

Disturbance{

&#39; .._- . V !__ &#39;___. _ ~___. ._&#39; ,

ew City,/&#39;uiy York E9,165 . __ 5 K 1


to as Islam, the Muslim 2 also known

Percenters"

Sroup Called
Harlem

"

=Q}

*&#39; &#39;

92

g; NATION OF ISLAM, formerly 3


referred Cult of

APPENDIXv
.

as

Euno:?ad[s Temoleg oi 11qm On May 7, 196H, a third source

had, early in July,


This Policy

benefits to be

aspects of the teachings of Islam


derived by

1958, decidedto de-emphasize religion! the


those Negroes who Joined the N01.

advised MUHAMMAD

and to stress the eeonomic

&#39; acquire additional

change, according to MUHAMKAD, help him would


followers and create more interest

his progrems.Q3T92

.-

. _

in

.4 I

92. !

E
-.

4&#39;

,. r 92 L E

E F

I 1 I U . > &#39; j, " w

-K37.
@v K ___._ ,., B I _ _ __ _ . T _ ;&#39;* 7 _ _ I 92 -. . ,... -._ s. V , . v ...-

&#39;F 92192 Y
:

up

-,
HAD

4 -,
Ya

Date 8/2
T:u"s"&#39;1! the fel1:92v~&#39;ir.; In

girl.
r__

mmT
3;-e an plmntul aw code!

* -"***1;11-*m 2 *KTHTi1;8"TM?" _.__--.: -r" syn !i:?, Iv &#39; agency Hi T5 LA!


AIRTEL an Ii 92 E

1
GEL

BM3

/7 BLua;~&_:><>l$LQwa F mm _ _l_lL_{;;@
/Bmn 5B@

OS IRE

TO:

FROM:

DIRE"TOR, FBI6-3%! Bm.nww.Q2zwZIQ_~_ 57 =,..__;Z;i;..LZ;2L.-= SAW, nan YORK 5? 1A89! P! ,


- --"" &#39;

SUBJECT:

DISTURBAKCE BY GROUP CALLED RACIAL V/&#39;


R Hun

Hz; Yopx CITE, /23/65

FIVE PERCELTERS

,HARLEY,

HnTTERb

*3
to the Bureau dated
are eight results 0

?!31/6% p92

YQTK 31

a letterheac

action taken

Enclosed for the Bureau memorandum reporting

agalnst above
~ Furnished

offencers in

Hen York Clt La.


information

copies of court

to Sal !!! ;;::;::::; 2


&#39;- 4 I_, .r--~-<.__&#39; . - Ia .- 5 -,..1-._&#39; m Ku- i_ 1+. &#39;1

&r7c

... " v~ u |IQg5q5|1||EnmIlQIQAII!5!Fl!!l!g!!l!!!g!I&#39;"""""" - aw, H W _F Mr .

_,,_ =

~ ,_, -imywag: Q @E"?*="&#39;g*$


-&#39;: -an -&#39;

l~HEy;- YOYK
VJA2b&k

3-Bureau RH f -3! Ennis


fa -____
EA

____, -,-air

-7

I . &#39;1 *< .- #"""&#39;_., n

~_
"&#39; &#39;~ of;

JITED ST.-XTI-IS DEP.=92.RT.92fEZ92&#39;T OF JUSTICE


FEDERAL BUREAU OF INYESTIGATION

:1 ; 1

}_dh_f? ;&#39;

InRP mm dau R
NewYork 57-11489!

August 2o, 1965

New York; New York

&#39;1

/
5

D_i._StllI. .DllQE hyuGroup,;,Calle.4L &#39; ,92 &#39;iye._JEercenter.&#39;=_e _".., le.m.,_ .H...r=*


I:e92-;_!. O;&#39;l _1_i1T-lb 2.9.; -35.11 ___1_2i

RacialMattersC_u_."92
is made to the previous
< T?
.

&#39;

submitted

in

Reference
th
. v. ,

L L e above matterdated July31, l965Q!q


_ .+= " _..-- "1 7 7+.&#39;V " |_.,. .n7 U in __

communication

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n:&#39;oa:7%m 11%
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WMREB

VSLQ,

FBI.

document contains

It is

contcnts

the property of the FBI and is loaned to your agency; it


are not to be dist ib r_ uted outside your
-0

neither

recommendations nor conclusions


-_ A

agency.

&

ENCLOS URE

-v.

ZL .
_. 1 -r e I 0 :1" "I elf. -1 0 :I. _| _ __ 4 1&#39; ; .* _q,92

1-

J
u _ _.e.. .1 __."; ti S

Disturoance Group by Called


"Five Percenters", Harlem,

NewCity, 29, York July 19ei59:92


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- ._

_-_. -we-=

"H

Coneernins FivePercenters ,,5@@o*wg;@, the -:-"ii": -- 1 _"&#39;~:*" &#39;Ae in92. .Q ; :"* &#39; &#39; - T5 &#39;- + ~ ., A. u 5-L .O F "&#39;5
as oeiows: u,
5 , . P

_.:&#39;92

hood Allah" is a looselyknit group Negro of of youth 3


Street on the north. New Ycrk City Public

ferred to as the "Brotherhood Blackmen" the Brotherof or

The Five Percenters

who are,on occasion; rell

They cone gangs in the Harlem Section of New York City. by Fifth Avenue the east, Seventh on from an area bounied 120th Street on the south and 130th *: Avenue on the west, School Number 120 high school, serving
the above area and located
-9 -

These particular gangsemanate from ,i


which is
near "

e junior

.;

$1

-.

{ f.4

-.3

__ _;

Disturbance by
New York

Five Percenters",
City, July

Group Called

Harlem, -29, 1905

-= *

1-.. -1

123th Street around New

12? West 127th Street gJ92


These youths that exist by an
and has

at 1832 Yorx City

Madison Avenue. They also hang out Public School Number 65, located at

-.

type gangs been influenced


as "Allah"

are typical of the numerous streetin Harlem, except that they have individual who refers to himself
in the distorted

indoctrinated them

Muslim teachings

of Ration

of Islam
of the

N01! leader
ROI liable

Elijah

Euhazmedlggw
-0 A characterization

I
-: r-1; .4P -. 1. ~16v

is attached
therein have

and all
furnished

sources

information pasti:l_92 in the


is the
He has

This Alleh
"Five Percenters".

recognized leader
been identified

of the
Apertpast,
he

as Clarence

13X Smith ment 5E.

of El Nest 112th Street, New York City, He is known to have been a memben in the

of the

I01

where he
his time

received his
hanging around

X name".

He is unemployed

and spends

I-1. ..

contacts and indoctrinates the of youththe arelJ92

the above-mentioned

EEE where

,,.&#39;I<-. .,

&#39;

"- Disturtence Gr U Called" by


&#39; York City, New
. "Fi e Percenters"3

"

July 29, 1965

Harlem,

<4

I 0 _e_92_ I if 1-$~

1. _

APPENDIX

NATIGH OF ISLM, formerly referred to as the Muslim { Cult of Islam, also known

, as

I 2
Jr .. 4 -|.

.*51:h@Y**~@<1ci,e Teeeelcee def

ieleec

In January, 1957, a source advised ELIJAH MUHAMMAD has described his organization on e nationwide basis_aa the On Hay B, 196M,
MUHAMMAD is the national

"Nation Islam," MOI! "Muhammad&#39;s of and Temples Islamlgk! of


e eecond source
leader of the

- 1: &#39;~;_.
J - .7;,

advised

ELIJaH Illinois,

NOI;

Huhamad&#39;a Temple

e; 4-, 1-.~_ 3.->__ -;> r g-X: T; P . E --5! &#39; P; * J -s

of

FREANNADand other
organization on e

is the national

Islam

No. 2, 5335

headquarters
nationwide

South

Greenwood Avenue,
basis,

NOI officials,

of the N01; and in mid-1950,


when referring to
commenced using either

Chicago,

MUHAMAD S

Temples Is1am, PQ! of


The NOI is
originally organized in

"Mosque" or "Temple" when mentioning one of "Muhammad*s


an all-Negro
1930 in

92 >

organization
Detroit,

which

was
MUHAMMAD

Michigan.

_.,__ h 1. n:-

nation in the United tates.

claims to have been selected by Allah, the Supreme Being, to lead the so-called Negro race out of slavery in the wilderness of North America by establishing an independent black

hf li
L ~,_. 1. ,z

teachings and his interpretation of the "Koran believe there is no such thing as a Negro; that the so-called Negroes are slaves of the white race, referred to as "white devils, in the United States; and that the white race, because of its exploitation of the so-called Negroes, must and will be

Members followine

UHA EAD S

destroyed the approaching of Armageddon1$k92 in "Her


In the the past, officials and members
of the NOI,
the

including
provisions

nUHAhhD, have refused to


of Selective Service

register
Acts

under

and have

that
v . . 1v 1 P

members owe no allegiance Uh Hay 5, 1958, upon advice of legal


and instructions

to the

United

States Lac}
concerning the he did

declared

had,

the first counsel,


to States his

source advised MUHAMMAD tempered his personal


ministers

statements

principles
prosecution

of his
by the

organization
United

in

order in

to avoid the

possible of his

Government;

however,

not

organ1zati0n[EL3

indicate

an" fundamental

changee

teachings

-0 1

_ ... -. v I 4;

9 ,_

1.. ~_

,1
&#39; .r1

<

&#39; .Di:turoancebyfuup Called _]


F &#39; , ew York City, July 29, 1965 r
E; c

A FFive

Percentero ,Harlem,

APPENDIX

NLTIOH 0F
referred

ISLAM, formerly
to as the Muslim

Cult

of Islam,

also known

as

Euhaned&#39;s Terples Of_l$lm On Hay T, 195$, a third source advised MUEAHKAD ha , early in July, 1958, decided to de-emphasize the re1igious aspects of the teachings of Islam and to stress the economic benefits to be derived by those Negroes who Joined the NOI. Tnis policy change, according to MUHAFEAD, would help him
acquire additional followers and create more interest in

his programs 9f!


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I-"LDERAL _ BIIRLAU OF INVESTIGATION

&}

In Rwy?! PizusrRefw U

New York,

New York

&#39;

Bureau 157-6-3H

August 23,

1966

51
i ~ ts_&#39;.2Iv

New York 15?-592


Racial
Be ford Brooklyn,

Incidents in
Stuyvesant New York. Area,

&#39;

Racial Matters[

August 21- 23, 1966


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ALL INFBRFJATIUH CBh&#39;TAlNED


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Ev-.-,-2-92"l I n,-I-2, J- 92 -I.H< .1 ~.-J.,G.J. .1.TI&#39;-...LuE1&#39;2u:= .Lu

Bedfcrd -Stuyvesant Brooklyn, New York

Area,

2&#39;~v.1g;.1st 21-. 23, 196%


.. _ sI ~V ..-.H; V , .. 1,, ,.. - ,.

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:Z"eb?9_Y" " .~ - "

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.3 . 92

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~ -~>-92T >&#39; ~ .. &#39; .=-J ~ -; ~ 3 ";---&#39;_&#39;92;, _.&#39; J;,--,.~-1-&#39;~&#39;: - ,.-&#39; 1!;&#39; ;;.~< 1*-&#39;j;.=~ ~&#39;-? . &#39; "_. ? ;-2-%&#39;?"*- =:1~ -..;*~v.=.*.*. ,&#39;f2-&#39;*-&#39;-1;, -- &#39; y . $:" *: - ~. on w- *&#39;~_ 1->=~--AA __,,.: "P1.-:<~:.... ~ " &#39;5&#39;!-&#39;v&#39;qpL. . &#39;3 ";" -

;9211::*1-%1.:;,-33..5e, ;_;v -. -5, .=1.-;&4;,;.;; :.

ue-.m...~ M,._.e,%w;W_mme.n;!
.. " -an-f

-= z, ..- _

.-Y E-. Q:that -r:-vrre? &#39;"1~_~ TSH > x_ , fa g%%~v,,;dvised the ve


-eve no ceuonouse or headquarters. He stated that they They operate were a very

mainly as street gang


r

a Harlem with an

and Bedford -Stuyvesant estimated membership of

300 youths.

loose organization with no real leadership. The Five Percenters are made up of neighborhood groups of young Negro teenagers who have

3. &#39; ... 92. J. ~: a 7:tr, R 92< ~&#39;.-I =1 a_-, I _. qr, >3. -_> 1 ">&#39; :F ..-n E 4~_ ._ &#39; 1:1 2 ..

no respect for lawand orderQ9;!


,$?n;;en&ewg:Q?&e;qxEn &#39; &#39; , v V
ne effect rnez ne
- &#39; ... -. no

n 0

in with any subversive orgen1zation1Q


This confirms information tarnished orally

1ve Percenters

na<1On O H

are tied

Ir, Thomas IcTiernanLoI the Criminal Division on B/23/GGLUJ!

to

1 1+

1 i

.
> r.. Ll L ta ,. F LP |; _ !_ Lx L, / ~___

. __

_ F

as

Yrcxie: 6/2/55
Trrxnsmit the f0Ii0WiW-.1 i i -~

Aq~r~=Y I

j&#39;;.,p@ m nr code! plmntexl


&#39; &#39;. .f- &#39;

> "

Dme
How
, ,_

T?

mfg

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&#39; *J-**":&#39;

LI}?-92&#39;:" - F

no;-H!! BY "...-,&#39;,1 p4 r :;lrp

K %I "* ,...q-n-nIII"I "-&#39;

"&#39; H 5 n! ;/

&#39;-"&

__ ---------------------------------------------

--f*iwoYn"B - % ~5M

&#39; IS.-KC;

L;_
.

/4

9292

DR L

{92-/ __

-4 <1
A1! i Ea$

- 3%- -&#39;1.

-1

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. 1 i S1f_:&#39;EC&#39;: I DIST?L.T"Y5;9.:*_:i :v.E pGRDUP fl B1: _ ... ; P3:-i L":31TCf&#39;iaL&#39;>lDI-I.-FE: *, EF;:&#39;3 1, ._ L5/3170; +_ -.

PM-,92_,___ ,1 .:._. .:QL;"1.D@Hx

> .

1 Enclosed herewith for 92F92~" - are eight the Bureau .~. -. 92 .rr* if" -7 3,3,-1135 OPp"&#39; QQ "Qe_&#39;I_1 :_rf&#39;l&#39;T Z , LT C1;S Gp92I" L;.. C8=7lTI"1, Flu, .K "&#39; " .. 1!--_ .- Hc.,I J..I1 .1 7/ &#39;:2 -&#39; ". -n~--L927I si::..I=F.?":&#39;*I>3.-: <:1=:::;::*;:3~2:1 "0" as 1~..1s1_ms .10 .. 4- 5&#39;/ti/" , - P." ~ .| I
ca-.1; tm.=:ms;e_=ves .~_~92e P-1"ce:;ce1-"Q
/

P;eL"Y ;el 6/ 1/553;.

1 92 i __ -92 .J1 -92_; - .. F Y-

p@5s;.r:;

_ _.;__
= ~r*-1 Q" 1

II&#39;1C11CS OJ. "_ i_;; 15 th 3O 1t;._I iIl.:-3 reference: to "ALLH , however, CLiS;@ST
subiect of
/&#39;-

closed ;Jfile

lO@ 159523- HE
.&#39; ~ "I

iged the

Eel
i

.i

,92 .&#39; J ""

<~@v1v5< 9
___

I
|1 1

.%E
g? 92 "

KY l5Y~l@e,

P1 Q ."5 2-

in NYC

in April,

i
> 92 t

have defec Because sf on him but alleraticn

* ted from

the MEI

this allegation not verified, was opened an investigation affiliation was the
untrue since after June, he was reported 196a. His lest
1/

l9l5nd_1h&#39;June, lgsu, alleged to was


* MLLCOLE the NOI L to 5 X an d the MNI.

1.

l ,___,_

resorted attendance NOI affair in at an wasNYC on 3/23/ESQ


L14
l 92

in attendence at

anoarently being N01 affairs

i - I-I. ; H U I gs-F92" _92_;;#&#39;*


.. .5 4 m -r_._~..~.92*l&#39; v. ~. _~-e D-:1

II ! inzlices negetive are

In ana the rlv Percenters"Q*

E? i

I-i

71

.._. l , J ,.. &#39; I:3 ; _ 3 &#39;-

R, _l >4 &#39; 7

files are

not being

opened

at this

time.

lThe NYC
.1 I L &#39;- 1*.

T 5:. ..._~

tau-!

fiszklter

invelved with

d$es not

invectives

every ordinary

feel

that the

Harlem rewdv

Bureau should

and street

become

Q. .r~ ,

_- ~=
___.

LI" gen

STATES DEPARTMENT
FEDERAL BUREAU

or osrrzce

OF INVESTIGATION

H "1 v -as . .y

%Rq@=H~sRdww New

June 2,

York, New

1965

York

Disturbance By
Harlem, New
JUEE l

Group Called
York City,

"Five Percenters ,
Ma 31, lQ55

Racial Matters gq
16

1! ..; ":2-: = I ;_&#39;>-. 1 :. , " V "-1-; ___ .., ___ |-. cwI .&#39;:f; . -92_.;. .&#39; &#39; .92_-1 i - 1. ,7 ._ _ ;. , -_:__ :_Y _ _!.-* _.~92., e . - lam F." Wren

l a a : . m ,six . advised p blocking the sidewalk and interfering with street traffic in front of the Hotel Theresa, 2090 Tth Avenue, New York City. when told to move on by two police officers they turned on the officers, called on bystanders to attack the
officers and Additional pOliCe shouted anti-white assistance was and anti-police necessary to invectives. arrest the

six and
named Wilbert

two of

the officers
Lee had

were bitten.

Previously

bar window wielded


had caused

had been broken of the


this incident
a disturbance

by the
been struck

group and
on the

a Negro
head with

male
a stick

by one

six arrested.
these same
at the

Approximately 90
six individuals
Lenox Avenue corner of

minutes before

and 116th Street in Harlem. when police officer they com lied but

member of the Nation of


Incorporated LNNI!.
~ Jr . __-. -- -#15"- - L92 . Qt /1&#39; 1,.~&#39;f{pl 1;:-_ 1

patrolman as left e92 they ac1visedaases but all that Muslim type n s or
however, some
the Five Percenters

told to move on by a cursed and berated the

Islam N01!

members of

have some knowleege ofthe N01." They did claim


,which

of them

or the

had denied

the six had ail being


Muslim Mosque,
appeared to
aim o
t1 hey c

to be

the fiveercent of Muslims smoke whoand drink. &


corners u. L

i~=3
;a>#

1.___

they havethat "hangs out"street to ea o8se<?" groupno headquarters onand appea Harlem
:1: 92 - 3 3

Mi, Ii*;&#39;-&#39;85- .E = BB?-IYAIREB


This document contains neither recommendations

e* ~*s"* ""&#39;1&#39;i&#39;
. ,_, "I: Q &#39; 1

_,q_ @;BY;,_P_-/R_
of Investigation
to your agency;
outside your

_ ,s, L

nor conclusions
It is
it and its
agency.

of the

Federal Bureau
FBI and
not to be distributed

FBI!.

the property
contents are

of the

is loaned

/5 &#39;/ .&#39;:.&#39;:*7e /
auctosuat

Disturbance By Group Called "Five Percenters", Harlem, New York City, May 31, lQ65
Racial Matters

Characterizations of
-1 --4&#39;:. :r --46.1.. %:-.: 9r

the N01,

MI and

the Organization
and all

Incorporated OAAU!,
sources therein

of Afro-American

are attached
have furnished

hereto

Unity,

reliable information

in the pastQg

b&#39

3:15 v Q 1?; -&#39;&#39; &#39;32.?" -~.f.f

bf!

--&#39; ..-_-":1

if l -I _; -- 92_ .g__ &#39; _: -_a , "-" 49 .92~ -n. T5 v -. ; .. , 11&#39; 92 zr . I-4 < _. "-4

1 E

-2-

if J?

{
I

Disturbance By
.,,

Group Called

"Five Percenters",
1965

Racial Matters a]
with felon arrest, assault
I

Harlem, New

York City,

May 31,

advisec1 that assaul ,conspiracy


with a

In addition, "Allan" was charged with possession of marijuana cigarette and malicious mischief gl
advised the o ~e

to commit same, resisting deadly weapon and disorderly conduct.

all six were charge M


a
6

all six

Court, New
1965. All

s2,oco.0o to $9,500.00, tnelatter being the bail for


&#39;Al1ah". During the hearing
stated that

are incarcerated

York City,

_ gne

and.tne case

on June

1, 1965,

in lieu

adjourned
of bail

in Manhattan

ranging from that he was


with

until June

Felony

18,

"Allah" claimed
could not

God and

the Court

charge them

anything since

"white lawyers"

"you can&#39;t charge Allah .


av sec a

when offered legal aid


above six but there

assistance.Q;
arge numoer

He also

refused

-_d1dt1~e1= 1
Y.

Negro supporters of the house during the hearing

milled around the courtwere no incidents or

was kept
VI K

disturbances. The

closed to

the public

courtroom where

the hearing

was held

page 30,
the six

."1 .:
l _~.L M . s. I

published in above incident

The June 2, 1965 editions of The New York Times", and the "Daily News", page 10, both daily papers
New York City, contained articles on and arraignment. These articles the described

to membersNOI%iL92 of the

as "Black

Mus ms",

a term

generally used

to refer

-3,

I
-c.et.=;-he-i
77 II_.-..-&#39; lite TI 5;. -a-K45- H-~4, rviro

J
.22-.1 ;e1K 3? 01-, No; 1 -1

ct ts;

92._ A .if |..-e+~92 9,:

r. T

l~*erao>u~:-- 4

:--.-.-e.:.

1, APPENDIX

prism: cMQ$e1_t,i1n@RP@ReTEPi- "M11


Pei?- ~ -* i.-. &#39;L , g J

a daily

former national

an article
broke with
New York

newspaper published

Tm: 1" la1&#39;Cf1 13, 1961!, edition Of on page


in New

t_*d Igw ....:~

_l:~: &#39; i 3-92 . I :.&#39; 1,--.a .&#39;*1 ~ i 1.. 1.

Mosque, Incorporated MMI!. The would be a broadly based politically

City

the NGI

official of

eo which indicated that


on March 8, 195M,
12, 196k, the Nation that he

York, New

"The New York &#39;I i92&#39; @5, MALCOLM x_ LITTLE!,


N01! who the Muslim York, contained

on March

publicly announced
had formed

of Islam

in

MMI, B0Pd1n $9 the aPt11B oriented black nationalist

movement for Negroes only, financed by voluntary contributions. In this public statement MALCOLM X urged Negroes to ab8nd0 the doctrine of non-violence when it is necessary to defend themselves in the civil rights struggle, and he also suggested that Negroes form rifle clubs to protect their lives and
property in

-3 >-

ment is unable or unwilling to protect them O


196R, with
County, New State of

time of

emergencies in

areas where

the govern-

Incorporation papers
the Business
York, New New York

Section, Clerk
for the

of the

MNI filed
that the

of Courts,

on March 15,
New York of the
the Islamic

York, reflect

MEI W85

incorporated under

the Religious
to work

Corporation Law
imparting of

Faith and lslamic Religion in accordance with "accepted Islamic principals." The principal place of worship to The May 23, 196A, edition of the "New York Amsterdam News," a weekly Negro newspaper published in
New York
BOOKER in

located in the Boroughof Manhattan, New York,New York h!


City, contained
which he

be

i -"w I g / "1 ,,= *4? f- -_ 517%! 92

en article

by columnist
he had heard that

JAMES
the

indicated that

visit
tour has

by MALCOLM

X with

Muslim leaders
soft in

during his
his anti~white

African

feelings and to becomemore religiouaQx


On October
that the MMI is Islamic Religion

changed him

to become

6, 196b,

a confidential

source advised
true orthodox the Islamic

apparently affiliated with the through its affiliation with

gr. "v..&#39;

The onlyteachings of MMI onthe IslamicReligion.Qk! the are

Foundation of

New York!,

1 Riverside

Drive, New

York City.

E &#39;_.F"_

~ ,".&#39; 1.

.4}.-.

D;sturoe1ce By Grouo Called --- 1 L 1.- - ~: -V ;T;Em, be IQPn C+td;


Racial Matters

I ,

.H-v-1.:

peve e, PQTQEJQQTE ~ <ha, oi,1" "**.=I l:~;

_92..|_

g; APPENDIX
MULIM_MQSQUEL INQQRPORATEQ
A second confidential source advised on October 20

1965, that

the headquarters
Theresa, 2OO shared with

of the

MMI are

located in
of Amer1can Afro

Suite
New York,

where they
quarters are

128, Hotel

were established

Seventh Avenue,

on March

16, 196$.

New York,

These head

Unity UAAU! which is also headed MALCOLM by x 9


MALCOLM X was assassinated

the Organization

while addressing

Broadway and160th Street, New YorkCity{q

an OAAUrally at

the Audubon Ballroom,

on February

21, 1965,

A &#39;1 5 T

> R " if . . ._..

.-.&#39; -

h -1 -| -U -" -

I n

u-Dar

J !

Bunurte-~.e B crxa
1. &#39;3*** *
!

a.;:ia.eo "awe: Pereemr


APPENDIX
he, 31, 1,-

herltu,

"e **
the

are

irri

c.92_.

NATION OF ISLAM,
referred to as

formerly
Muslim

Cult
I

of

Islam,

also known

as

Eeeerre ie

Temeleelefrlelee
TF1 T v-921-I:92&#39;v-nr 15 !92W1&#39;rIi? J~l-I92r92d ,L-l- uC92lJ.92.~G-La ,1f&#39;92C&#39;7 $7.113 G C3 -I92lJ.92v92-4 I192slI QQF A-IA-la-uzun.

has described his organization on a nationwide basis as the


1..

"Nation of Islam," HUI!


the

and "Muhammad s Temples Islann Q492 of


advised ELIJAH
Muhamad&#39;S Temple leader of the NOI;

On May 8,
MUHAMHAD is
. .$.;Z -4. T z v . _.,l 0 F 1 92

196M, a second source South

national

is the national
nrvm ivntinn V i .... _:,.__._ H . . ..
I! _

of

Islam

Ho. 2, 5335
H ..

MUHAMNAD and other

headquarters

Greenwood Avenue,
hanin ..- -haw,

ROI officials,

of the N01; and in mid-1960,


when referring
nnmmbh -.r._..,r.......-..-......

Chicago,

Illinois,

to MUHAMMAD&#39;S

Templesof Ielam.Qp92
The N01 is
originally organized in

MosqueH or

1 Temple n when mentioning

nn LA .-.-Va... . n Q nQ+inpui ..c.-.. -H

one of

QETQQ Bltn f L,

Muhammad&#39;s
which was
MUHAMMAD

an all-Negro
1930 in

organization
Detroit,

Q. u

claims to have been selected by Allah, to lead the so-called Negro race out of ness of North America by establishing
nation is the in the United States.

the Supreme Being, slavery in the wilderan independent black


following MUHAMMAD S

Michigan.

Members that the the white

teachings
no such

and his
thing States;

interpretation
as a Negro;

of the

"Koran"

believe
Negroes

there
are

so-called race,

slaves
Q ":1 V . u " TA: 331-,._ .

of

the white

race,

referred

to as "white

devils,"
of its

in

destroyed in the approaching "War of Armageddon. 92& ,

exploitationtheso-called of Negroes, andbe must Qill

United

and that

because

92 92l.

..-try; ii? &#39; r.~.. : ,5; ,

In the past, officials and members of the NOI, including MUHAMMAD, have refused to register under the provisions of the Selective Service Acts and have declared

that members no allegianceto the UnitedStates1@~92 owe


On May 5, 1958, the first
in

source
tempered ministers
order to

advised MUHAMMAD
his personal concerning
avoid possible

had, upon statements


principles

advice of legal and instructions


of his organization

counsel, to his

the he did of his

prosecution by not indicate


,1

the United States Government; any fundamental changes in the

however, teachings

organization b92]
I b;_P&#39; 1 -

V -3? , -5 -=-9;

tI q 1

gs,,;e.~.e;_fe 5. 8-&#39;&#39;Qr..-_ called 5r jaw Fn=l~=.n*5n:;a, new ?J?. ; lb; 34 1~. ,!&#39;. A ?92&#39;t&#39;;:1: A " &#39; geeemzx
NATIOX OF
referred to Cult of

ISLAM, fcrmerly
Muslim known as

as the Islam, else

-"*am"ad s Tewples .i Mel W

of Iel Km. gm .

hae, early

On Nay T, 195M,

E 1
-

eepeets ef the teachings cf Islam and to stress the econemic benefits to be derived by those Negroes who joined the NOI. This policy change, according to MUHAMMAD, weuld help him acquire additional followers and create more interest in

in July,

1958, decided

a third

source adviae

to de-emphasize

MUHAMAD

the religiuu

his programs

4 -&#39;2 _&#39; x

F;
1

-.

.7u

in

_. .._

__. -~__-.----._-,-.--_ A-1. .._

._. _ _

_ we

_..

..,

I-_<=

~-

<
1&#39; o_ .,.y.-V ,

_ Harlem,
.ID

Recial Matters

New York City, May

31, 1965

1_ APPENDIX

9Rw1_IZ1~e;ON_ OF l=sm@<A!eR1eN IN@5P<>;wE1> 9A.!l


rights action group to be known as the Organization of American Unity OAAU!, with himself as Chairman. This
announcement was made at a public On June 28, 19611, MALCOLM xLITTLE, rounder and leader of the Muslim Mosque, Incorporated MMI!, Publicly announced the formation of a new, all Negro, militant 1V11

Afro-

in the

Audubon Ballroom, Broadway and 166th Street,


A printed and published statement of

rally held

by the

New

"MI

York City.@}92
basic OAAU
:1 _ .., .

I 92
%
A

aims reed by MALCOLM X at this meeting shall include "all" people of African Western hemisphere, ae well aa "our"

on the African continent.


and spirit" by African

May, 1963.9-&#39;3
A recording

of the Organization of African Unity established heads of States! at Addie Ababa, Ethiopia, in of the remarks of MALCGLM X this at

It is

patterned after

indicates that it descent in the brothers and sisters

the "letter

meeting indicates that the aim of the OAAU is to eliminate differences between Negroes so they can work together for "human rights," while the initial objective is to "internationalize" the American civil rights movement by

taking it

violent civil

to the

rights movement

United Nations.
a program

and claims

LITTLE condemnedthe nonthat Negroes


and if necessary.

should

be taught

to protect

themselves, when

politics, culture,
that the

The OAAU will sponsor On August 19,


headquarters of

economics, and social reformgQ


196M, a
the OAAU

for Negroes

of education, advised
in MI head-

confidential source
are located

quarters, Suite

128, Hotel

Therese, 2090

7th Avenue,

New

York City .@.,92


while addressing

MALCOLM X was assassinated


an OAAU rally at

New York c1tyI@L92


advised that
true name

the Audubon

on February

Ballroom,

21, 1965,

On April 13, 1965, a second confidential source on March 26, 1965, the OAAU filed e Certificate
with the New York, Department of and henceforth State, State of New the organization&#39;s
will be Organization of Afro-American Unity,

of Incorporation York, Albany,

Incorporated :!
-----._.,-.>,.___j _,i,..,q,_..~1-_-_,. 1.3- _. 4..,.._,, .&#39;92._ ,_ - M -.

-8-

at -

6/9/65
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if
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ELL; ~_&#39;;j-~ _~~~,;_._L;.-. *" .._ __..

::.-~-U ,1 ; ,

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CALLEZ

NVC 5/" / " &#39;

.-I 92
1 &#39; "" n

F; Q
K
p

T*;ir12l LEI Q/2/$525;Q}, aii sates


/&#39; " -w-,,

LEI cerning co

"*~s@i hrem;1n for tn: nmrea QT? EsP~ W

_ .

-__

..

the Y@1i$Ea : -5 Ear E 1. FEQTQ 4 @Ff%f:-T37 a< "r&#39;7 LL] UuVmh__ - -_ Parcenzers. C _~

Mi;

5*

vn;s1ec

-u ;&#39;92, ._ ~_, -Q @ .@ r 1, - ., V- I 92- .._- 92--&#39;-&#39; .- _ -< 1&#39;92 __ __92.92/-_ 4-V_.--,--V 1 >>-. __ _ .__.r ... P 5"-_,......._. 92

_,...-..-T.--Z... Ern,,_,_ l92 ..,92._ v92&#39;j!92-92-|.~-_,--&#39;-_.--

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&#39;7

.__

_
1--_..,>~

/:T ~ =~r s1:I~""" __ _;_,_,_ ~ AR

gwdm 4&3.

NY 157-M89
CLARENCE c
NYO will
him or
a~ 3 _5 V ?,._&#39;1 &#39; ,

5a waQ9
056d pI=file 100 -l5Q2O! the
into&#39;SMITH
has identified "ALLAH" as

L__
open an investigation
the

fee

._~;-.~ .,. -n -.7 :1? 7

is a loose conglomeretion area of Harlem without


meeting place,

In View

of the

of teenage street gangs in an en overall organizational setup or


fact that their mentor SMITH is

fact that

the Five

Percenters

incarcerated, the problem and not e


Consequently, the

plus the

NYQ feels they represent e local threat to the internal security.


not at this time

police
an

investigation of the "Five Percenters"as an organizationQ92


incident under
However, the

NYO will

institute

groups into "FivePercenters"LL the

influence or

infiltration by

this caption

Y will

to determine

continue to

subvers ve type

the extent

follow this

black nationalists

of

The Bureau be kept edvised will

._. *_f.l"_: . ,_ 1 I x

. 92~. 9

v. , &#39;

c ED

STATES
FEDERAL

DEPARTMENT

GP

USTICE

~i ~_e__s/.5 .

&#39;-~

BUREAU

OF INVESTIGATION

1&#39;!R&#39;I"-"~P " R&#39;J

F:-in -u. 4 June

New York,

9,

New York

HY 15?-1459
-5. e

%L 1" &#39;: ~ &#39;

Disturbance By Group Called "Five Percenters," Harlem, New York City, May 31, 1965

5- .._-. __; &#39;s.; v ?, . ..&#39;_. g,4&#39; ~52 . 3.. 5..-&#39;._-_ __

Racial Hatter!

I-;..&#39; . , M,_,2... &#39;2 .; . ..7 3&#39;, -.- V- ,1 --f ;;..&#39; 11;. -1 . J 1&#39;-"L, ? ._ -J-1 . - . -. , _. _____. +,-11. " what .-=;"" ; T.-;__ t.

at New York, New York g92

Reference is made to memorandum.datedJune 2, 1955,

1
GI&#39;I1&#39;s8-

/57
The "Five
to as the "Brotherhood

Percenters",
of

who are on occasion,


or the Brotherhood

referred
of

Bleckmen"

1 -w-+2. , .97 . _ s. &#39;1.~_ -I I;

Allah,

is e loosely

knit

group of

Negro youth gangs in the

Harlem section of New York City. They come from an ares bounded by Fifth Avenue on the east, Seventh Avenue on the west, 129th Street on the south and 130th Street on the

north. These particular gangs emanate from New York City Public School Number 120, which is a junicr high school serving the above area and located near 120th Street at 1532 Madison Avenue. They also hang out around New York City These youths are typical of the numcrcus street type gangs that exist in Harlem except that they have been influenced by an individual who refers to himself as "Allah"

PublicSchool Nu.mber"58 locatedat 127West 12711 Street.LA. !

H&#39;: V . ~--, 11 .-;_ ,,_

and has indoctrinated them in distorted ofNationIslam leader Muhemmedii> of NOI! the Elijah Musl 1 teachings

na.;:.ns t;iuL:1$;zML3 In gggggge


This document contains neither recommendations

c HTAmEgbchera,ctez-ization ofthe is N03; n_ ;:Q1; n|E#_ and sources tachedall therein have

BTEQ;L&#39;.!;S*i>..BY-5P5-LBI1~1&#39;=&#39;~Q~
horconclusions of the

FBI.
and its

It

is the property
contents are not

of the FBI and_1s loaned to your agency;


to be distributed outside your agency.

it

ENCLOSURE ? ,/ - L /2:? /_. I


/

Disturbance

Harlem, NewYork City, May 31, l96H}Q


"Fiver Per

By Group Called
H .__ _ __

"Five

Percenters,
/

spartmeht 5E. beih eh"NOI member


a member in
of the area

May1igy West hes identified 31, NYCPD. %hebeen York City,_,,&#39; He Street, New as / Clarenog/1 s mith of 21 112th
ter " and was one of the six arrested on Although at the time of his arrest he denied at present, he is known to have been
past where he received his "X heme. the He is

This

AllaH""Is"he recognized lgggetngflthe

. . r1 _ __,,_...__.s.....--1.

unemployed and spends his

mentioneo he eii irhere contests and indoctrinefee the youth


Because of Smith&#39;s influence over these youths, they like to consider themselves Muslims and many of them shave their heads and take Arabic sounding names. In fact,
none of them follow the tenets of the orthodox Islamic

time hanging around the above-

religion nor do they actually belong to or follow the teachings of the NOI. These youths do, however, claim to he the "five

percent

smokingand drinkingA&c
ing place

of the folFoye;of

Elijah

Muhammad who believe

in

/ff ./4.-/1
1 c J a B96

hoods has i s organizational


<I _-e 1-,..

youth in&#39;iividua.l

or headquarters.
from their

Although each
respeetive

teacher Allah"&3.92, and

own leader, they do not have an ;,=:i;l eetui other than to look up to he-~-

gangs formed

neighbor _92 d -

of the

<1/
1

i,

so :heir

number

of

youths

not

known and probably

fluctuates

on a
the

Gay to

day besis
differenoe;thet

because of its
arise

loosely
time

knit
to time

relationship
between

and the
indi dual

from

youth gangs throughout city.@i*! the


Q -

weapons. Howeve youth gangs undoubtedly have or can easily make the various types of homemade weapons common to

known E:

or have any cache of firearms or


up, lI&#39;1C.l1J. lI1 om ,

.v ,, D. 92 ---<

as
i :

Disturbance Group Called Percenters," By "Five

Harlem, New l955u.! York May 31, _ Clty,

6:,
,0

Confidential sources
-4

familiar with

s...~. - R "5 ties .31

New York City of

OAAU! were contacted

the Organization

the N01, Muslim Mosque, Incorw *: :ed


of Afro-American

in June

1965 and

Unity, II;:?..>1:pOrat9*5

IIINI!
not

these sources

did

Charla

0AA"; are attached hereto and a11_j- C89


therein have

in the paetL:~.92

furnished reliable

111 =YI&#39;ma"~iOr~

92

cans of the MMI

am H1 -=

&#39;3 V

v 0-

-3-

1
x . 1. -~
. 5; -!"}:.;1.A" E; !_!*&#39;",1. F, f i-

"7

**APes:noI>:&#39;

fa" &#39; "&#39;. Z&#39;&#39;92

NATION OF
referred to Cult of

ISLAM, formerly
Muslim known as

as the Islam, also

nuhammadls Qemples In January,


"4

of Islam, 1957, a source advised ELIJAH MUHAMMAD

has ofdescribed and "Muhammad&#39;s of Islam Lkthe; his organization Temples on a nationwideas ! basis "Nation Islam," N01!
On May 8, 196b,
Pa 3

a second

source advised

ELIJAH

MUHAMMAD is the national leader of of Islam No. 2, 5335 South Greenwood

is the

national headquarters
"Temp "

of the

the NOI; Muhammad&#39;s Temple s Avenue, Chicago, Illinoi

N01; and
one of

in mid-1960,

MUHAMMAD and other NOI officials, when referring to MUHAMMADS organization on a nationwide basis, commenced using either

Temples of Islam.;:92
A

"Mosque" or

when mentioning

"Muhammad*s

The NOI is an all-Negro organization which was originally organized in 1930 in Detroit, Michigan. MUHAMMAD claims to have been selected by Allah, the Supreme Being, to lead the so-called Negro race out of slavery in the wilder ness of North America by establishing an independent black
nation in the United States. Members following MUHAMMAD S

teachings and
is no
-

his interpretation
as a Negro;

of the
that the

"Koran" believe
so~called Negroes

there
are

slaves of

such thing

the white

race, referred

to as

"white devils,"

in

the United exploitation of

destroyed in approaching the "War of Armagaddon.{gJ>


In the past, officials and members of the NOI, including MUHAMMAD, have refused to register under the provisions of the Selective Service Acts and have d clared
*-

States; and that the the so-called

white race, Negroes, must

because of its and will be

that members owe allegiance to United no the Statesix


On Hay 5, 1958, the first source advised
tempered his
his ministers

MUHAMAD
personal

had, upon
statements and

advice of

legal counsel,

instructions to

concerning the

. Ir

principles of prosecution by not indicate

his organization in order to avoid possible the United States Government; however, he did any fundamental changes in the teachings of his

organization
In c :-

1
~ ~ i .1 _ F. I .. -, JK , __ 4 . Q

_._.- _-_-__._._.1-_-

NATION OF ISLAM, formerly


referred to as the Muslim

Cult nf Islam, also Muhammad&#39;s Temples

known as of Islam

On May 7, 195%, a third source advised MUHAMMAD had, early in July, 1958, decided to de-emphasize the religious aspects of the teachings ef Islam and to stress the econcmic benefits to be derived by those Hegrees who joined the N01. This policy change, according to MUHAMMAD, woul help him acquire additional followers and create more Rnle~:st in

his programs }Q!


G

. 1&#39;-..-. &#39; ..

Q si.

.1 &#39; ,- :_

2" - vw

?+|

, .

1 ;;,;_.

1. APPENDIX

EU5LI i&#39; #:_

a daily

former national official of the Nation of Islam NOI! who broke with the NOI on March 8, 196a, publicly a nouncd in New York City on March 12, 1QU, that h had formed ne Mu lim Mosque, Incorporated MMI!. The MMI, according to tho 8Ptil6 would be a broadly based politically oriented black nationalis
+.. " .

an article

newspaper published

The March 13, 196a, edition of


in New

on page 20 which indicated that

York, New York, 0 t3in@d

"The New York Times,"

MALCOlM X LITTLE!,

movement for Negroes only, In this public statement


the doctrine of non-violence

financed by voluntary contributions MALCOLM X urged NQEPOEB 5 abandcn


when it is necessary to defend

ment isunable or unwilling toprotect them.@i%


:1. . 4 7&#39; ....,__ _ . e, 92I .~ " &#39;0-92 "Q." 4H-1

themselves in that Negroes property in

the civil rights struggle, and he also suggested form rifle clubs to protect their lives and time of emergencies in areas where the govern~

1__ .v,.

Incorporation papers
195a, with
County, New State of

of the

MMI filed
of Courts,
that the

on March 15,
New York of the be
the Islamic

the Business
York, New New York to work

Section, Clerk
York, reflect for the

incorporated under

the Religious

Corporation Law
imparting of

MMI was

Faith and Islamic Religion in accordance with accepted Islamic principals," The principal place of worship to The May 23, 1963, edition of the "New York Amsterdam News," a weekly Negro newspaper published in
New York
BOOKER in

located in the Borough Manhattan, of New York, New York.Qp!


City, contained
which he

an article Muslim leaders


soft to become

by columnist
he had heard that

JAMES
the

indicated that

visit
tour has

by MALCOLM

X with

during his
in his anti-white

African

feelings and become religiouslgex to more


On October 6, 196M, a confidential
affiliated with affiliation with

changed him

source advised
the true orthodox the Islamic

that the MNI is apparently Islamic Religion through its

The only teachings the MMI on Islamic of are the Religionlg w

Foundation of

New York!,

1 Riverside

Drive, New

York City.

{
i _ qt I

14% l&#39;@-K n ; 3x h$f;z Z 5. 1; L =;,

u~ ~;,

;-vsi%#s u= 5_

g; APPENDIX
E1EEE,M993; ?"C53?@RATEE
A second confidential source advised on October 20,

196%, that the headquarters of the MEI are located in Suite 128, Hotel Theresa, 2090 Seventh Avenue, New York, New YOQK, where they were established on March 16, 196%. These heau.__ xv &#39;.~ .1 "

quarters are

Unity QAAU! whichis also

shared with

the Organization

headed by MALCOLM X.Q;q

of Afro-American

MRLCOLE X was assassinated n February 21, 19 while addressing an GRAB rally at the Au Tb0 B&llPO0m,

~=. vf Q <2-3. In-

Broadway and Street, York 165th New c1ty.u9292

< N -wk .

92.

Nqd

92-

1 l

" up

4,...

_ i

I
Q

-4. &#39;,|&#39;92-.1-&#39;9292 &#39; ~&#39; _i ... J39 I. -,.

t.!ip3&y L e 3:"

H;PZe., low

IQ?

1, APPENDIX

9* i *-1&#39;*IZ<#<TI,@Ii,,9F ao@~,esRI@is,,,miITfe ,AA"l IN@9RP@P-*?E_D,,,


On June announced the
.. ,_-,. .92 q 4 ~0*;-.2 1 -.92_ . E *-L. F ~Err! -L ,5 = i -Q; ,m e I !-e &#39;

28, 196e,

matcotm x a new,

LITTLE, founder

and

leader of

the Muslim

American Unity oeau!, with himself as Chairman. eThis announcement was made at a public rally held by the MM1 in the Audubon Ballroom, Broadway and 166th Street, New

rights action

formation of

Mosque, Incorporated

group to be known as the Organization of

all Negro,

MMI!, puhlicly
militant civil

Afro-

iii

York City{3g
A printed and published statement of basic OAAU aims read by MALCOLM X at this meeting indicates that it shall include "all" people of African descent in the
western Hemisphere, as well as "our" brothers and sisters

i_.. at 44

on the African continent. It is patterned after the "letter and spirit" of the Organization of African Unity established by African heads of States! at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in

.P&#39;,, ~ +~. -_ ~92~ "Q 1, ..

nay, 1963.Ql!
A recording
meeting indicates

of the Negroes

remarks of
aim of

MALCOLM X at this
is to is to eliminate

that the while the

the OAAU

differences between
"human rights,
H, Q. 5 w_.. . F-I _ 7&#39; -1.35 ~&#39;~i-&#39;. ~-4:. --,,,Q=- :1| .. 4 1. , L-_ s

so they

can work

together for by
the non-

initial objective

"internationalize" the
taking it to the

American civil
United Nations.

rights movement
LITTLE condemned

me,-

politics, culture, economics, andreform.&g92 social


On August
that the headquarters of

violent civil rights movement and claims that Negroes should be taught to protect themselves, when and if necessary. The CAAU will sponsor a program for Negroes of e uoation, 19, 196%, a confidential
are located

source advised
in MMI head-

M-s 92 ~c4

the OAAU

York City[$92
while addressine

quarters, Suite

128, Hotel

Theresa, 2090

Yth Avenue,

New

MALCOLH X was assassinated

on February
the Audubon

21, 1965,

New York City[5:


advised that
of Incorporation

an OAAU

rally at

Ballroom,

On April l3, 1965, a second confidential source on March 26, 1955, the UAAU filed a Certificate
with the Department of State, State of New

York, Albany,
tree name

Incorporated i !
wil be organization of

New York,

and henceforth

"

the organization&#39;s

Afro American Unity,

Q. tau

_92 92&#39;-V. -1 -7 4!
J

- .&#39;

--Q

FBI RE -1
gm: 6/22/65
ll ei ,_ l K Ii ,1 _ , l _i_e_ _ n&#39;;p@ in plmruez: gr rodel __ ,

Ive;
~ O u Trcmsrf. 11 Th9i1]OWiI QlF_ T . I

Vic
I .:~ .. 3;__m

,,._1.,*&#39;* "&#39;,.,,.,D,."",92,";;,,,=7__e__ l_, ., W is

We

Pn&#39;on&#39;:3.fON-L GS}. CED/J; G2. Agency

,__

_ ,_

_,;

4"!

I F

// Tg ;{U}; REQTO gz F5 I
i

V 1

_ _

_ _

_ _

_ _

_ _ _ _

_ _________________________t _t=_..

Date Forw.

How JUN 2-fess Forw.


__ "-9; _ I
,___

92 x 92
r

FROM: / SAC, NEW YORK 57-1489!

/ Room SZSRB

We 5&#39;/31/63 IK
92 92 4 > 1 -.-t,&#39; > Irv;_ , *7 Life ,~1&#39; -u - 1 -I= =.&#39;~&#39;3 - L 1 f,, , a -: A

__ _ m

,s >1

_
,-

sL LHL hi.-.-.1 nn|&#39; ?. .


| I n a-Ii ,&#39;

1 ~<-mr!nu ti wi

J in--

ReI>.&#39;&#39;ai2&#39;"te1 and 1.1-1r-1, s/9/ss929-b &#39;E _,,-7.&0?BY5&# Enclosed herewith for thesix arrested on ~ U, Bureaueight are copies of a LHE relative to hearing of 5/31/65, and information on 6/18/E5 arrest of eight Negr youths believedaffiliated with to be "Five Peroenters" igD , LQ.
-aas furnished
o observed the q

to J
on Bl8/65

{&#3

butthere no was stration


the e pt youths is being
it received in NYC Five Pereenters". tension in NYC, the youth street gangs

app

at the

or incidentsby these youthsQQ?


of the publicity J

court hearing

<!i Q &#39;3; --;,I

The informationin the LEM concerning arrest of the /&#39;


furnished because
and their possible affiliation with the It is felt that because of present racial arrest of any members of these Harlem particularly those who have adopted a

&#39; 1 <-1%:

"Muslim type"alias,
e %

will bring
youths are a

newspaper publicity
part of some

which

implies

that

these

anti-white

5 v&#39;F&#39; .- :53.
--. --n

representlocal ?olice a problem. l owever, NYO the is t * 6&#39;-"aw P/_l.92>~92,<3S REX? * 5 " t J t1 * -W 92 / /&#39;
r U3Bureau Enols Bi tf i

the NYO feels that

blncle na+iQha | 51- I92 Ii l-

15 ll d- icrf rngxromar-{&#39;9-4 ll 9292-I H ill &#39;B&#39;ilA92-ll 1&#39;92r92*n+n-<4. LJN-I-BA! b92r.Ar92u+- in 92/K-I-92r -rvaa-:1-+..&#39;:>&#39;92 J-is J.&#39;uw &l. B&#39;~n,{..,

the activities

of tnese

street gangs

/l

it
92 L

lg;:iig! RAcIALrwzrzes, NY! 3 m2! _Ur92,2,_19 _


Q; l A

NY 157-l#S9

continuing tc
the true

follow this

captioned incident
invDlVE

to determine
Th6

influence they have exerted on these gangs.@L!

identity of

the adults

L &#39; . &#39;. :|l >wwr, &#39;8&#39; .1l.1 M&#39;1.3._&#39;_;&#39;-X __&#39;-L. .1 .>-"- ~~ ."&#39;;~;-. ,,-._, 7,1.~+ _ , -.-17 , &#39; 1$ -Y-1 E A?

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92 :

41 -.0 -._ 4 I;- . .,. J

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f
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Q1, xx. &#39;-

..-Iiq . w_*._~:-.

jg ; it3 =0: 9292n

m92_,&#39;1:1> STATES DEPARTMENT or x Jaswlcz


5
New York,New York
June 22, 1955

egiffa FEDEEAL BUREAU orzwvzsrzcaexon

?L $?&#39; R m

,Disturbance
5!3l/B5

By Group

Called

"Five Percenters",
.n -1 s .&#39;* e rs: Q .2 ,

Harlem, New

York City,

Racial Hattersuuw

- . 7 _,

"3

at NewYork, New _ __
themselves Five

Reference

Yovk J* -1.-1 wnrr

is made

to the

memo?

~
I.-a_/

L; .1

__.

Percenters" and

were arrested

_ :w . - .-M. 1 ._-w-_ , _-92._ .92 /1&#39; _ i~. 1,- .&#39;. .1O_;1&#39;;T *"-2.; ..; .

al Court

on May

31, 1955,

City{5k

I-_

Supreme Court, Part 30 Felony!. These


, H

not furtheridentified! age re transferred 21, to of@*WK/-.


three were Y
18, 1965, and since the y did was set for June 2%, 195 if-nn"92 ULL! n ot

lah" age

ony

35, 1

age Q10

/&#39;

before this latter court on June have attorneys,e second hearing


This document

m / IQ

contains neither

recommendations nor

conclusions
is the and its

of the

Federal Bureau
FBI and not to be

of Investigation
is loaned to your distributed outside

FBI!. It
agency; it your agency.

property of the contents are

:= Mm WWW

13 to

approxlma e y

19 mxlled

dVlSEd teenagers ranging dumng the hearmg that above __ 50 Negro 1n age from ;npr@x;mately
around the courtroom and courthouse, but there
1nc1dents W}

were no

demonstratlons or

92 -J

yr.

&#39;1
4.

T:&#39;I. - *&#39; *-2-T-&#39;

{XXXXXX

XXXXXX XXXXRX
INVESTIGATION PAGE INFORMATIONSHEET

FEDERAL BUREAU OF
./ __.1&#39;__E

FOIPA DELETED

-J -.

Pagelsl xxithhelcl entn-0}} a1 lucatioll Lhvle. Um? or more thef&#39;0ll<mix1;1 stamnmnts. this in of where
indicatt-fl. i plain ll? le-ltic-11.

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[leleted undr exempticnmlsl 4 /,__ J __;____


material available for rvleasv tn _92&#39;0u.

,3 _;

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lnfbrrnatinn vertained l
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0nl92 to a third .53&#39;

armJ with n0 refvrenc- = to mu or thl." Sulivvt of .

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lnformatio pertained cm_l_ a third party. Your namv is listed in ih title 0nl_92. :4;
DO &#39;LlFllE_ 1"l[&#39;-S! originating with the follcwrixlg govemment ag0n0r<.i2:=1 __ _ E _ ___ .

_ r_

_ _

l_ .92.*;a;> -./weri fnrwardsd to h0m fnrclirest :~a>sp0n.=r: to you,

Pagevsl referred consultation the follnwlng govemment for to agencvliesl; _%________.E_M_._ __ r_> ___ ,, _ E _,r ,_ _7__ ,__ as the information origfmaned thenl. You will with
be aclvised 0f&#39;a92"ailabilit_92&#39;of {he material tn the FBI. return upzwn

Pagelsl withlvelrll for the fmllowing reas0n~:=l: ii .__l


K I-1 _ &#39; EL

r0ryour1nf01&#39;mau0ni

______ __

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__

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xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

X Y FOR THIS PAGE X

.2

3;, R
3

41% JI.
Date: 7/9/65
in _

~92
in PLAIN TEXT Eb ef lI?L:z3"E>?; or W *

- Transmit

the following : *&#39; &#39;Tyi>e

L
J |I |

*; Q3-_- q

e
_&#39;. ,

3; KU K f Prior:{y! ~ mom: sac, mu YORK 57-11+89!~;f92P_E_!


.1 __H H &#39;&#39; -

I , _> ;; -~&#39;~* Reh&#39;Yaiz&#39;tel 6/22/655. summer; zsmunszmcsmemorandum, - L snow CALLED. BY ts. /_e -- __; ah; and letterhead
4. |J H

_H_%;vE51;52sRs&#39;*, , 3 _e - T0: nlnwroa FBI


g ._ 1 J 1 F

I,- P.

Ti"-,_f; jf; -,1 -f" -1 -=f: ~ =&#39;* _ mmnne-3 g e &#39;74 ;&#39;""::A z.92;_.
_;_j
".1:

I.

/Enclosed

a letterhead memorandum relative to "Five Percenters"


ed BO SA

herewith for the Bureau eight are

92 C

copies

v |/

in

I,

7. f92.1I 1 1

" &#39;*" &#39; as. interviewed by


1,,
_, -

I.
/. f

Agency G~2. 051, can F51 om,

Zt f? ;/

aw

_ L05URE &#39; 8!B?%! ureau Encle.


York
l-3.00-150520 *

Date Yerw. .........

..

_ _" IAV1-100. ..
_ >4-1

> #1 1-100-153 1-100-1527%9 3!E! 5 / BY .-2...f..:& Mm ___;_ 08 emu! ;; 1-105-7809


.
-_

/ S .9 SMITH! -1-I-3! HOW FDYYQK.Hi.-4..-------v


!
1

e? _ $1lLl_ .-,___
~-". __92-

1-157-892? RA LAL wrrwsns 01 mt!? 4-2! 1 "/&#39;- 5 . /Bevm 32$ 7 RB. F: dhr ,r.923_-,1-~ was E0 Eli am 10
L

Q
ff e _ ___
/

__

_ r_-___-<

_ M Per

*i._...__-_

7 fF__ .~c pprovdz. pee "_


5.4"

R .<-"~.-

.11 i -.=- &#39;.~.&#39;.

/~&#39;~

_ are F y~ Mfr s V 1 ," .3 ~" -. <3 .&#39; r"--7 -92 -.

V
~

A /Sent , A arge en n

92___,./ Hf.

Lb

.__ _ l{KO _

Q3 Q&#39;. . /

E5%fai~

SQ; ,-*

r I

HY 157-13+

<_

The sources in the letterhead memorandum arem M b7 -w""""""9


may have an adverse effect on the National Defense interests u~

This sources revelation inf0rmatio?; ! letterhead this"gfgiiden is of classified to protectthese since

Ii

4 /0 1,
KL

%"

U
The eight youths arrested on 6/18/65,who are possibly affiliated with the Five Percenters" see NY airtel and letterhead mem randum, dated 6/22/65!, are Gt identifiable to any

references in ind;cesthe the of NYO ik

am-.1-v~

E u

W 5 f

f 4
.
HY l57lH39

&#39; g

x~ we
J. -. 4&#39;: A -v 1 --92 . av &#39; 4; Bu-

Field

storyt9J92

NY and

Investigation in

Tampa failed to substantiate

January, 1965

by Baltimore,

any part of their

Washington

ii

vb?
I r

,-. .1: , .Q H W

.;
:44 Y5. - X.
5% _r - -7:

_,. -Q

on Negro gangs youth in Harlem% "


the "Five

investigation of activities as

As reflected in I airtel
CLARENCE leader er

13Xwas SMITH

dated 6/9/65, an ehve


opened in view of
ercenters" and

his

his influence

.1
that all U

Percenters

determined "Five have

gang members,

the KYO

is

opening
,

vidual eases
I -

an them,

t 4,

J
HY 157-1539 particularly since most of them are teenagers or sub-teenagers. As previously pointed out, the KYO feels that the activities of these teenage gangs represent e local police problem and do t
i

constitute a threatto the internal security country gj of the


Therefore, the
caption and

under this

through organized activity o tions investigation of the Sl92&#39;[&#39;I&#39 pertinent isH information of by the eoadditional activit will be followed ,5;,

NYO will

conduct no

further inquiry

ealled "Five Fereentere" will be furnishedto the BureaugiQ

EFT"-&#39; _ a . r. . . 1 .&#39;-:~ 5;

mi

92

I.

Q -

5 &#39;5-

14

., >.92 ;v_

rv< -v

" CONFIDENTIAL

I}- TED STATES DEPARTMENT JUSTICE Dr

w:F

remnant

BUREAU OFINVESTIGATION

r;j;Pj" &1&#39;s&J&#39;Ws&#39;&-1; 15?-was


New York, New York

July 9,
Disturbanoe By New York

1965
Group Called

IIIIIIII|..l

92 , = e~ _&#39;. P vi; _-.C1

"Five Peroenters ,
City
It-.I,_...,__! Q.__ ~- &#39;-- -*- *---;-V;

Harlem,

Racial Matterili
Av, ,,,__,.92,__~.-_.l.. .....,-_v.1

2 &#39; ""--k ,;.&#39;_.f .92;" 5*.-I Q;-&#39; &#39;.; :&#39; -7 ej-

9-age; t
a vised that on

at New

York, New York}ng -&#39;

, Reference is made to memorandum

dated June

22, 1955,

one

~,i :~.,- 1:5" _,,_,

IIEe

es &#39;2

was committed to Bellevue Hospital, New York City, for psychiatric examination. Howell and "Gumeel" continue to be in custody in lieu of bond. During the hearing, approximately thirty Negro teenagers, ranging in age from 13 to 19, milled around the courtroom and courthouse, but there were no demonstrations or
u &#39;92

"Gumesl not further identified!; age 21, appeared on felony charges in New York Supreme Court, Part 30 Felony!, New York City. Their case was adjourned until July 12, 1965, and Smith

Allah H age 35, Jame also

92 TQ% also knownas "Akbar",

age 37, and

A known j as ky

&#39; A ~ 7?.- . . .1-I . &#39; t_&#39; 1 :-: *_,;&#39; >3,-_ 92 -.._ 1 . _ ,. _ 92"&#39; _ -1} -;_&#39;4 rno ._. VI .~- . ;--1 _ , .7!

inc1dents{9C
1

7_Jh- .~l

This document

not conclusions the FBI. It is of the


of the FBI and is loaned to your
its contents are not to be

contains neither

recommendations

distributed outside

your agency.

_ &Q1 2?%???537
W at

agency;

property
it and

*"<

excluded from automaticsf ,-"

GROUP 1

downgrading and
declassifioetion

-Y"

$7;~"

3%
C. *"
t?
/1 ,3 xb

,/V; &#39;7-j 1 7 -Ll ? :1


E1-ICLOSURE ,

A
- qa|iianu$&#39;"

Disturbance By
2- = _.

Five Percenters, New York City ye

Group Called

..*!_h M _ _e ___

Harlem,
_

_,

%__ * " Uh June

_ fn

i
.

}&#39;, r&#3
of the
"Five Percenters"

James Howell was his


arrested or
Pe rcent e

assistant. All
V leadership position

youths previously
"Five

and

rs"

hL no ea

identified as

being affiliated

with the

members of

v _-a

New York C d
/

rcharges

their case was adjourned until Julyk9,


during the

in Part

elves Five

2B cf"the Menhattan Uriminel

Percenters", appe&rd

1965.

Court,

the courtroom

advised that eenagers, from

hearing, apprnximately 13 to 19, milled Around

that
Q. r-r

Ymmq

the various w== hearings, District Attorney and the Court the appear to be continually edjourning these hearings to a later

_ six

that continually

d&#39;10W up at

L2

cowimma
e

lt

x
Disturbance
New York City

&#39; cow
By Group Called

1mm; t

"Five Percenters,

Harlem,

minimum risk disorder or demonstration these youths@aQ of by

will taper

date in the hope that the


off. Then

the Court can dispose of the

presence of these youthful stapporters


cases qiyh a

_;~|. _ &#39;1 &#39;i>- ~._ ~<_&#39;__ I. -. -ti 1 .. *4 ! ,I. I&#39;:"&#39;~-

&#39;$_ .&#39;*;_ 1 ;,~

Characterizations of
QAAU are

attached hereto

the N01,

and all

MMI and

1076/

sources

in theP&$tak h;m;Lntx&#39;o.t
,@__,; ._.-to_-.--1---A~-.- ~-._ .1__ I i = I ;1s- 1 I ~.=...~..-&#39;-u __. I!" 211-4_ -> :3.21 &#39;~_&#39;,.&#39;-&#39;- I .~ _, . . " *1 5 ";_ ht &#39;4&#39;! I

therein havV

furnished reliable

information

bit?

g __-_ _

~ Bf

- 3;-

7% -gt-"

Q xxxxxx ff
FEDERAL BUREi92U INVESTIGATION DF
,___. 1 <I .

xxxxxx xxxxxx
SHEET

FDIPA DELETED PAGE. IHFDRHDWDN

._92 __._,

P3559451 w;;}qh@1d at entirely this lqwatlnn the le. One or munof thclhllowlng. statenwnts, in where
indie-aled. waplain this deletlmz.

Deleted under e>0rnp1iur1*.=l _,,,"Q1 1/ .-_ .*_.... L. _,_ .


material axailahle
-.i

__ with

no segregabl

for I @l+3B-SITynu. tu

lnfommziun per-Lained so third party w1Lh reference 0:13} a no 2-1: you the subject of your request. or
Iil nrmaltion }Zl I l;.1lI :92"{ l a third pgarty .Your name is limed in tlw title 0:11;". r.92r1l_92&#39; to D<>um;~n:92;: nriginating ibllowing gu92 I&#39;nmQnt with the zzgonvwiesl ___ . _. _

__

_,

_ __._,,_

_. .

92&#39;z15;-"were?thvmfor direct 1"9Sp-Q1136 to to f0r9292&#39;9_rdQd you.

Pagwsl refbrred consultation the following gm emmQnt for tn 2igC.*1C_ u&#39;liSlI -__._#____=_ ~_~_~ ,_ __ ._ _ ,,_ ___; the inf&#39;r_originaxerl wilh as |rn11rirJn them. Youwill
K:

be adrise:l availzabiliza upon re-usrn of 0l&#39; the material 10 the FBI.


&#39;_l -._._;

Pageis vciihhold far thf f0ll09292&#39;imf_&#39; I EHSO lE~lI


Ti. l5 liFor your inf&#39;01-mahon: _ __ _ _ __

92

The fol.l0w&#39;1ng is no beused for rsafererws regardng number these pages:


.4 1/ . A ill ... _ _ _ V, -V 4/. / ~;_." -&#39;:&#39; i. &#39;__,* .. ..

XXXXKX XLXXXX

DELET$I>PAGE6h

gxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxg

g.

1-

"

1. APPENDIX

mama mswsosr Osman *&#39; I7


a daily

h
N01! who

an article

newspaper published

The March"I3; I96 ,

former national

on page

official of

20 which indicated that


the Nation

in New York, New YOPR, contained of Islam

edition of

"The New York Times,"

MALCOLM LITTLE!: X

broke with the NOI on March 8, 196%, publicly announced in New York City on March l2 196k, that he had formed the Muslim

Mosque, Incorporated {MMI3, TheMI, according to the article


P. -1 -r ~..

would be a broadly based politically oriented black 3t1na115t movement for Negroes only, financed by voluntary contributions.
In this public statement MALCOLM X urged Negroes to abandon the doctrine of non-violence when it is necessary to defend themselves in the civil rights struggle, and he also suggested that Negroes form rifle clubs to protect their lives and property in time of emergencies in areas where the govern-

ment unable or unwilling to protect them$Q92 is fIncorporation papers of the MMIfiled on March
1904, with the Business
York, New

Section, Clerk

of Courts,

New York

16,

County, New

York, reflect

that the

MMI was

incorporated under the Religious $$&tE Of NEW York to work for the

Faith and

Islamic Religion

in accordance

Corporation Law imparting of place of

with "accepted
worship to

Of the the IBlBmi be

located in the Borough Manhattan, of New York, New Y0rk QJ


The May 23, 196%, edition of the "New York R Amsterdam News," a weekly Negro newspaper published in&#39; New York City, contained an article by columnist JAMES
BOOKER in which
F

Islamic principals."

The principal

he indicated

that he

had

heard that

the

visit by
tour has

MALCOLE X with Muslim


changed him to become

leaders during
soft in his

his African
ahti~white

feelings and to become more religioug

On October 6, 196M, a confidential source advised that the MRI is apparently affiliated with the true orthodox Islamic Religion through its affiliation with the Islamic Foundation of New York!, 1 Riverside Drive, New York Cit .

The only teachings of MEI or Islamic the are the Religion{gQ92


i In 1

&#39;4 I ll"

"

._ -.- =.-l-" *"

R -92"

odais

.-&#39; av-&#39;Q&#39;_

I
Q!!

1- 1 .1 &#39; &#39; _ &#39;* nu ~. - If A

:- e 5_

.., . J.

-. -

? APPFINTJTX

"ULI rQ 190%, that 128, Hotel where they


I ~W_ -.": J31.&#39;-P

.=lNC@3?9Rd?E?

A second

the headquarters of the HMI are located in Suite Theresa, 2090 Seventh Avenue, New York, New York, were established on March 16, 196%. These head~

confidential source

advised on October 20,

quarters are shared with organization Af1~c>American the of


Unltv UQAAU92 which is " also headed by MALCQLM X!u92 ? K ! #5 MALCOLM X was assassinated on February 21, 1965, while addressing an OAAU rally at the And hon Ballrocm,

:_..,W. 4; &#39;
n AQ v. 7. , :1-I -5_ . .;&#39;__-92&#39;_ of &#39; &#39;1 4&#39;0 F ;&#39; &#39;4 1&#39;4 "1-Q 3 &#39;=="r3

Broadway and Street, York 166th New Gity.G;:92

V Pk ~ 92 .43 &#39;.":., --5, ".5_ .

.fq7

92 :5 ;&#39; _ {&#39;85 ~..r&#39;;~ ;- -::_ ,_,_-f = E.-- _ L f l -. &#39; d 3; J

V;-0-~:~ -&#39;_,_x+92

* pfT}
.-""&#39;"&#39; 9&#39;

if 1". .1!-*",:+!f.a.i e -ilk Ii, _


?.vs Pcr:c~.e~;
v~ K1&#39;r.= 1. APPENDIX

, a92&#39; 7 e

NATION OF
referred to

ISLAM, formerly
as the Muslim

Cult of
<1 -F M 1,--..; vi:-A -. _ "i W-,

Islam, also

known as

m2hsmma a Tamales In January,

of Islam 1957, a source

it
on a nationwide
the NOI;

has described his organization


On May 8, 196b,
MUHAMMAD is the national

advised ELIJAH

"Nation of Islam," NOI! and "Muhammad&#39;s Temples of Islaun Q!


s second
leader of

basis as the
ELIJAH

MUHAMAD

~;, F, ._. "74 "


j a; :.I? "&#39; &#39;3 2"_~
. . ,.. ._ _,_.__ .~ "@__.

source advised

Muhamad&#39;s Temple

K{> "- -_____ ~ &#39;Y d-"

of Islam

I MUHAMMAD andother NOI officials, when referring to MUHAMMAD S organization on a nationwide basis, commenced using either "Mosque" or "Temple" when mentioning one of "Muhammad&#39;s

is the

national headquarters

No. 2,

5335 South

Greenwood Avenue,

of the

NOI; and in mid-1960,

Chicago, Illinois

Temples of Islam.Qg%
The NOI originally organized to lead ness of
claims to have been the United

is

an all-Negro organization which was in 1930 in Eetroit, Michigan. MUHAMMAD


selected by

the so-called North America


thing as

Negro race out of slavery in by establishing an independent of the


that the

Allah, the

Supreme Being,

the wilderblack there


are be

nation in
". v -.3

States. Members a Negro;

following MUHAMAD&#39;S

teachings and
is

his interpretation States; and

"Koran" believe
so-called Negroes

the United
exploitation of

slaves of

no such

the white

race, referred
that the

white race,

to as

"white devils,"
because
and will

of its

in

destroyed in approaching the "War of Armageddon."@


:&#39;* ,~ "=52 &#39; F

the so-called

Negroes, must

rIn

the past, officials and including MUHAMMAD, have refused


provisions of the Selective

members to register
and

Service Acts

of the NOI, under the have declared

that members had, upon


statements and

owe no advice of

allegiance to

the United tempered his


his ministers

States _u..3
MUHAMMAD

On May 5, 1955,
instructions to

the first

source advised

legal counsel,

principles of
prosecution by

his organization
the United

in order
States Government;

personal concerning the to avoid possible


however, he did

not indicate

organizationAQQ!

any fundamental

changes

in the

teachings of

his

LL

E s JTlM

F s

ii? -"&#39; -" ~" :" Li " 5


"_.2_. " APPENDIX T &#39;
NATION 0F
referred

{J

sir

= ..;

; ml

g &#39;

ISLAM, formerly
to as the Muslim

Cult

of Islam,

also known

as

Muhgmmad&#39;s Templesof lslgm

had, early
aspects

On May ?, 195M, in July, 1958,


of the teachings

a third source advised decided to de-emphasize


of Islam and to stress the

MUHAMMAD the religious


economic

benefits

to be

derived by

those Negroes

who joined

the N01.
him

This policy change, according acquire additional followers and

his programs.Q92

to MUHAMMAD, create more

would help interest in

_+&#39; -92

l 1 *92

r 92

F Q

@f;mf92

$&#39; &#39;
~~ * Hi ~ . 92=. Y L

r;

it

_;_,_ APPENDIX F
|

O __ ,_ I -&#39; , ,A:*Ul 95%?-P31? -?IQ,,9i%55&#39;i%T*$lj1CA?L@TY _IN"~@BP@RA

On June announced the

28, 196$,

MALCOLM X LITTLE, founder a new, all Negro,

and

leader of

the Muslim

rights action

group to

formation of

Mosque, Incorporated be known as the

MMI!, Dubli ly
militant civil

Organization of

Afro-

American Unity onto!, with announcement was made at in the Audubon Ballroom,

| 92

Yor-it cit;,~.@. !

himself as Chairman. This a public rally held by the MMI Broadway and 166th Street, New

13 It

A printed and published statement of basic OAAU aims read by MALCOLM X at this meeting indicates that it shall include "all" people of African descent in the western Hemisphere, as well as "our" brothers and sisters on the African continent. It is patterned after the "letter and spirit" of the Organization of African Unity established by African heads of States! at Addie Ababa, Ethiopia, in

May, 1963.@~

A recording
meeting indicates differences between
taking it to the to protect

of the

remarks of

MALCOLM X at this

that the aim of the OAAU is to eliminate Negroes so they can work together for

"human rights," while the initial objective is to internationali2e" the American civil rights movement
-1

by
the non-

United Nations.

LITTLE condemned

violent civil
be taught

rights movement
will sponsor a program

and claims
for Negroes

that Negroes
and if necessary.

should

themselves, when

92 .-

politics, culture, economics, and social reformX&K!


On August
that the headquarters of

The OAAU

of education,

Y 1 A . 3&#39;. t, w tr

19, 196M,

a confidential
are located

source advised
in MEI head-

the OAAU

York C1ty9292>Q92!
while addressina

quarters, Suite

128, Hotel

Theresa, 2090

?th Avenue,

New

MALCOLM X was assassinated


an OAAU rally at

New York ty Ci Q}

the Audubon

on February

Ballroom,

21, 1965,

advised that
M

On April 13, 1955, a second confidential source on March 26, 1965, the QAAU filed a Certificate
with the Department of State, State of New

of Incorporation

York, Albany,
true name will be

New York,

and henceforth

the organization&#39;s

Incorporated q _

Organization of

Afro-American Unity,

W
1/

- us-92 nu; :1 am no

,w- ma-nu. rum-1 m no IA ! ma l:mnc~ &#39;

HI0 W? U1

UNITED STATES

ZRNMENT

g 1

M emamndum
DIRECTOR, FBI -15$-5531;!
W fl
SAC, HEMYORK 57-11489!

i%&#39;
I/
1

DATE! 9/20/55

/Qrswuaaamcz snoop CALLED BY ~rElIE_EEEEEMEBBS " HARLEM

NEH YORK TY29/65 CITY,


RACIAL MATTERS

3 , L,

8 1 ./ <4 _
~-

;Re
Ca

NY airtel to Bureau, 8/&#39;26/65Q. !


92 92

92-Tn 1 .8. =--. r :2

&#39;1

,1

&#39; J ;

~<>/

hL9292%1BRN.W
.x"" *~

,1 2.0. 3 Rbii *3 ;

are 8 copies

of LHM in above
to

shed information

..i > ,

-. P-1-_:.~. -.

41 .5 " 4, ;=1; _,, J; "_ =1 -4" .1=:;~92"" Iii -1i. V: 4

1 -New

Bureau Eng.

York #1-#2!

m-:.&. .g_ 921 *gc* IQ/"y * J


I 92 k I &#39;3

92EA92.~z:li-*" ,*- ,r92 Q ?92m} .

mama

1 V

Y msb 35;

-1&#39;35 am 51
r

nil c.-2 051om, can .*9 Y ;EFTf7@5&#39;* d


92 Fer92*~&#39;- I6 _&#39;Dcie
iHow M -.v&#39;,D
ii

" ,..&#39;_ / i ,-

__

SEP, 22 1965

Q
A .- ~.-

*? I
.

-ITED STATES DEPARTMENT b JUSTICE


York, New York
September 20, 1965

Q;5392?:T13 / 2i FEDERAL INVESTIGATIUN BUREAU OF


In Rr;>?}". Plan-sv: Rgfer I0

&#39;

hhh New
15?-6-3a

Disturbance by

New York City, July

"Five Percenters,&#39; Harlem,

Group Called

Racial ua@er4;9q
made to previous

29, 1965

submitted in the abovematter dated August 26, 1955. 1/

Reference is

communication

1"

Police OfficerHarlem 29, l965:Qf5 in on July


r-. -.. 1 ;; 2 A, " - -1.2:-. _ I~p

Police Department following an altercation with a

s Percenter

were New

York City

;3% ,1 _.

".-v ~+ 1 .

*::C." .;,"

~H. _ ,~

_ __.,;,-4

nor conclusions of the FBI and


it and
outside your

This document

contains neither are not

its contents

of the~FBI. It is the property is loaned to your agency;


to be distributed

recommendations

agency.

ENCLOSURE
/ ../&#39; c 4
1-.

Disturbance by

Group Called

New York City,


".1 r a &#39; -. in

"Five

Percenters,"

RacialMattersQ5

July 29, 1965

Harlem,

iIEE!ingiligllullll g
, esc _

su. _,,,, . - 45 . J &#39; 3* .-w-5

1-&#39;_&#39;;

referred

&#39; "Five Percenters," The


to as the "Brotherhood

of Blackmen"

who are, on occesion,"


or the _

"

5-_ , " A,-.., ~--. .. _a__ 92Iv-"_&#39; - 4 _ - ., -Z4

"Brotherhood of Allah, is a loosely-knit group of 7 Negro youth gangs in the Harlem Section of New York City. They come from an area bounded by Fifth Avenue on the
east, Seventh Avenue on the west, 120th Street on the .

south,
gangs which

and 150th near 120th

Street on

the north. Street at 1832

These particular Madison Avenue.

&--e_ .. -..&#39;-.:_

emanate from New York City Public School No. 120, is a junior high school serving the above area &#39;

They also hang

and located

located12? l2?th at West Streeitgnx

out around New Yo K

City Public School No. 68,

c Q? _ ,. &#39;3&#39; _ &#39;7_,924

Tnese youths are typical of the numerous street-type gangs that exist in Harlem, except that they have been influenced by an individual who refers to himself as "Allah" and has indoctrineted them in the

- - _~s..; ,;, _::,_- ,_: _>-. .1-; _92 7 &#39;1. am -, ,.,. :- ". 7-. 4_&#39; fa-av. -_".. -.e _ .&#39; ,;,_ _ Wm

distortedMuhemga".uc ofNation Muslim teachies- --~_ Islam A_ of N01! leader, Elijah


A charactErizatien~0attached and all furn&#39; hed reliable

W_.>, r

he ROI is

,~"1*Ci-1"~ M
M

&#39;k"______%_;_ _w
7

,, 5 e.

;e 4 G ,&#39;-

Yor>City; &partment
&#39; ..i..E&#39;; , , .3:-4 -2 r H : M ._,.;,; &#39;

Clarenci.l3X/gmith,He is known tomhevebeen a of 2; Hest_llgth Streeti @w_ EEQ1

pastzik} &#39; i __ This "Allah" is the recognized leader of tge YEire_RZent been re, He has identified as &#39;

sources therein information

have in the

member, in the pest, of the NOI, where he received e his "X name." He is unemployed and spends his time &#39; hanging around the above-mentioned area where he

contacts indoctrinetes youth the &reiQl;92 and the of

"1 e--

1 4

Disturbance by

Group

Called

"Five Percenters," New York City, July


Racial Matters

Harlem, 29, 1965

1, APPENDIX

NATION OF
referred to

ISLAM, formerly
as the Muslim

Cult
1*

of Islam,

also known

as

Muhan@ad]s,Te@ples
has described

of islam
source advised on a nationwide ELIJAH MUHAMMAD basis as the

l :&#39;

._.;_ .-.
..

"Nationof Islam,"
of Isiam No.

In January, 195?, a his organization

ROI! and"Muhammad&#39;B Temples of Is1am. ~Q


a second
of the

On May 8, 196%,
MUBAWWAD is the national leader

source advised NOI; and


Avenue, Chicago,

ELIJAH
Illinois,

NOI; Muhammad&#39;s Temple

is the

national headquarters

2, 5335

South Greenwood

of the

in mid-1960,

MUHa KAD and Qrgwdzation on


~&#39;-Pf ... .
v .

other NQI officials, when referring to MUHAMMAD S a nationwide basis, commenced using either

Tezples of Iselam. 9l.92


The N01
o ginelly organized ceims to have been m lead the so-called

&#39;%k$que" or "Temple" when is an

mentioning one all-Negro organization

of "Muhammad&#39;s which was

in 1930 in Detroit, Michigan. MUHAMAD selected by Allah, the Supreme Being, Negro race out of slavery in the wilder-

!SS of North America by establishing an cation in the United States. Members


zeachings and his interpretation of the

independent black following MUHAMMAD S


"Koran" believe there

5
I

is such no thing as a Negro; that the so~called Negroes slaves of the unite race, referred to as "white devils," tie United States; and that the white race, because of its ezploitetion of the so~cal1ed Negroes, must and will be

are in

cistroyed in approaching of the "WarArmageddon. oI!


Ixthe past, officials and members of the NOI, Lncluding FWHAMMAD, have refused to register under the

provisions
J

;hat member: no owe allegiancethe United to Statesiof!

if the

Selective Service

Acts and

have d

c ared

M May 5, 1958, the first source advised MUHAMMAD had, upon aivice of legal counsel, tempered his personal statementB :nd instructions to his ministers concerning the principles cf his organization in order to avoid possible
prosecutiozby the United States Government; however, he did

not indimte

any fundamental

changes-in the

teachings

of his

organiza2ong9292
;4->1 I I". up 1-

Disturbance by New York

Grouo Called
&#39;1!

"Five Percenters,

City, July

Harlem,

29, 1905
APPENDIX

Racial Maiiers

3;
NATION OF
referred to Cult of
ma"

ISLAM, formerly
Muslim known as
H .

as the Islam, also

Zg 3i~1h_em s_Ierple*o$ Islam


had, early in

On May 7, 196%, a
July, 1956,

third source

advised MUHAMDAD

decided to

de~empnas1ze the

religious

aspects of the teachings of Islam and to stress the ecowow c benefits to be derived by those Negroes who joined the N61 This policy change, according to MUHAMMAD, would help him acquire additional followers and create more IDLEFESL *
hi

s programs 9,92

4?<

k > &#39;>.:-_:
- {&#39;7 1} i*_>s -"J . H -J. __1_1 ".~.&#39; --9 ~ "Kn. |v- 7--H l .V ,_1-.1" _, .. -v . ;<o -4 " v

Us T

in-_|. -1-r-

9;

..-z ~-2 iu 1;. 1 ._92 &#39; a-1&#39;: W . "K A--.&#39;4 . _--1 -1&#39; | -.--~.92x&#39; -. ~. . 4,, .,.. ~..-.._ ,_ ,.,_. =,a._~;-a&#39;5&#39;92.

sac, Ill

run:

00-150520!

r!

I111 ?! an Pr. -G --r,&#39;& JGIARQ


13: nth;

hith later!

r;;~"

~v &#39;2. L ,1, n-JP?

". ,;..;. 3 k Y ~.3

-&#39; . - 2 "1 . iv n&#39;$!v&#39;=&#39;=5~~= 92K&#39;: ~. _-.,., .&#39;. A ~..-:~ ~ "-

larence " Qlamnce ._ &#39;!___reflected aul act the that Ill recognised orthe lander "u1;n" b7p "Puddin ,/ L ,1
ii-

E v

L92RB1iCE Clarence

3.3;-

BED;-LA: ;..=.u-I , nu -1" - .._

pp .

an .. .~ ; ,9

__,.-

Bureaudated 6/z/65, 6/9/65, 6/22/65, ma 7/9/65, all


Qapticned;
aaansn. nmu Ioax cIr!,

le airtell

and letterhead

Iuonnmms

to tau

blswuzznuwa mm BY
5/3;/65:

contained mm nation ecancerrung eaptiorad subject wadar the name CI-AREHCE13! SIITH Um "Allah", and which further

ancxnn uwrrzss", Ihich

cnuam uvma PH-lCEN&#39;I&#39;ER3&


-

five rcrecnter

u-j

>

BI

-E01

.7 ..:;_J T L- 3?

and $01!!! as SKIT11JOHERS, however, for uniigmity; uumecnw true an mm 1111 1 carriod ii Johns uhtil Inch tune an lnvent ticm determines the true spelling L at

0ubJec$:&#39;_s 1-lat nane gg

*-

n . .1 J"

92

92

$76

70

ii

IY

100-150520

and had.!u:w aerial

at Private Iirst Class revved Ibrea, andwaslast in

Quaber 51Q?D85. SuhJect had the rank

llligned Ocllpany 39th to "I 1 In1 Intr&#39;,v, Jezfayfg.! It. nix, lieu

Y4 -2&#39;, 2-. an=-w _Q . ._.. _ *_....T A 92&#39;~ F 7&#39; 7 .7 -

22 I
--

.3 ? _ <

Pram human, 1%, resided at various addresses in


and has been employed by various

through August, 19514, subject the Harlem lma of HYC,


buainuaea in the NYC area.

&#39; Yor-eranu Adllinlltration in the amount $129.60L_u.1> or I

91.3/29/5 ?-_ != ;~Jcr reportedly obtained 12,1:tj r0_m_t13e

576/

.1270
U
-- .. Tl .1; __

&#39;

{92

I!C!&#39;D,6e&#39;c0.1l| 01&#39; Ihieh

Subject, rho was arreated on 6/1/65,


are let

out in referenced

by the

airtela

ind letterhead

$9,590 POM-Q-X

ii

itiii

con ned &#39;, an IIYC,

A4

fux*ther court, 30, subjectL appearedhi:or preme advised ~ cane waspostponeduntil that I B-and: yielony!, an 9/9/65, and 9 23/65. mbject cantinued to be confined to Bellevue Hosp tal, IRE, he under-gain; treatment-.h;, when in psychiatric
IJQAD:

ST.

LOUIS

~ I

personnel under Army 512o7oB5 ;! nu ma. an


-Q-. &#39;

Perlonnel

AT sr. mum

nIssotm1..&#39;1. I111, =1:mlitu-y

lubJect&#39;a-military ~7,r

1:! 100-15usao
2. I:-on review will determine it subject : name 1lLARINt&#39;.&#39;3 I&#39;1 CIABDFUE BIITHJWIBS, HJOIA.R$, hunlah the IYO available data placebirth,buckand all or and names

true

er .."!IA. &! 51&#39;3".-I.!.>-&#39;92


3. gm-und I111 data
or nlntives U

9292

-3-

nmwroa,max

&92,l&#39;1 .LWI3 00-20019!IUC A H


.. .

10-22-65

92

&%% tlartnce
1-.~. -F , "111-.6 15.1

liwu

$1 !

, m.s $5.111

__M__

I ;_;*_
rv . . .-.

8!! - I01 00:1!

U. 6. Amy ammo records uq

ntlect

r: title at this can is Min; tin ma: CMRHCB TABD SIRE ll

In If let toIumau, 9-11 -65f - ~31 ffa


U. 8. Armservice records tile at III- RC on SUE,

A review an m-1|-65, aw mg

cwuzacsz smn, su51207 mam 065,was immma map _ me A


utyan8-21-54,u I WCat camKiller, IL 3., andtrannte
1-on B-22 date at New York, . I.

outed

ofthan

II. S.new 10-$62, inn:-edactive an active on and honorably mtg the on ruloaud tram sue He was
tothe ET Reserve tr. Arm tocowleve n:.11m-1 an uhligation M9
Ho uerved in the U. 5. Arm;Bmserve,inactive utatus,

charged U-E3

9-30-60, at which

time in washonorably 43.-

A.

92

awarded Korean service Iledal Iith oneB:-wzmze service Star, tonae S-er-vice 92

Bebadtoreign nerviceinlaputumdlorebu ru

Ooniaat Infant:-yuan huge, heamami . Unit citation emmlic : at Kama!,United t 801-vice Iedal, andthe latiuxaalDnunimmm
His character and at nam;

orAHUL 3

llcnt andthan 11 no accordor emmta-martial

ratings ranged from

he rollowirgdescriptiveand

inform-Btian

0- _.--

8L 100-20019 But:
at birth

and place

Bright Itight
bee 3-1..Eyes Blood Up:

I
. "r

E unation Civilian oomlpation ~pa-rn Illitu-y ouaup- Lon B


Addresses

I-ag-a6, anmu,va. 2&#39;1" 63


2??" n.|-a ai

5L
W
A

ls

E! an
ltlntivta

2 you-a high mines moon

school and 13119991;

elork

92 .

Light vupmn 65 H. St
R. I.

tnrantrynn HawYork city,


5

92 Y. L} 92|

15__H._ 8.54.

.,

New fork, I.

54
Ph i-F"l-Ph S lwti 3=.%&#39;vi:: # um I

re-uorda Q-L
1 J 92

.{
92

FBI name: 10/18/E5


&#39;_<-.

QT;L; lL

tee following

in_

PType in 1aintex or
ve, M

_ __

____ ;_1

code!

V1a1f _
1. -,---an ---In _. _u J ,~

W_1 _n

_ el;

T0: ,:. A
T 47; 5

5&3 :-.733; FROM .,_; . _; .4-

I 1

---- FBI DIRECTGR,


YORK

M ..--~ -..
i

nk A
4 .92___> .v

SUBJ?CT> SAC, NEW


."}//
J,/ /, &#39;_. .

< 15?- B91 mmmmn F/ii! nu :::rs::rmrnn M iiEEIEiT%iS :;2mssm&#39;u1


Allah &#39; -* "
for the Bureau are-two newspaper

Brotherheod of

RACIAL MATTERSK uQ92 92 fr U , articles, n -r u 557! page 1, captioned gwingateWarne cf Negro Revet 1"n&TFf of the New fOPn &#39; &#39; V -&#39;1;Program Is Curbed, and, 2 O/15/E5 edition

F;"?!TT"" EH .= i
v ._. . K

Enclosed herewith

Herald Tribune",

Terror Grcug Revealed.T~92 K

page 1

captioned "Harlem

&#39;5 Percentere! -

i"._,&#39;&#39; P . _

HARLEM, NYC, 5/31/55, RACIAL MATTERS, NYairte1 and LHMdnted caption; NYairtel and LHM5 ed 7/f5, above caption;

captioned "DISTUEE@NCE BY GROUP CALLEQ FIVE PEHCENTERS,{

Reference toanddated 5/2/55 is made airtel LHM LLiJ NY


92

JYa1rte1

1an 4-0

New
Bureau

ABF

5e

NY 157~1#89

e Fr ".- ~- .--::.&#39; 1 *-.

r .. .,_.~. C-;~-

E%~

cameo FIVE PERCEN&#39;I ERS&#39;, trio, Z/29/65, RACIAL MATTERS. ; NYairtel and LHM dated B/?6/ 5, above caption;
NY1et and LEM dated9/20/B5, above caption{gu&#39;!
The two enclosed articles deal primarily with

and LHMdated 7/31/E5,

captioned, "DISTURBANCEBY onour

hes; we-2, i
F:-1|-

a speech

by LIVINGSTON WINGATE on 10/1%/E5,


regional conference of the
WINGATE is articles point
and the

and subsequent

impromptu press

Plaza. Hotel,New York c:1ey _u.!


the Executive

Urban League at the


Director of has been

before the

conference given

eastern

Belmont
the Harlem

anti-poverty program known as Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited -Associated Community Teams HARYOU-AC 92. Both his handling of the program and that he is currently investigation by the Manhattan District Attorney*s
Federal authorities following charges

out that WINGATE

criticized for

i
F
w . -:"+ * ..-c .&#39;J &#39; -I92I ~1i

unoer Ofriee

of fiscal

mismanagement Q_9292
In his speech and press conference, according 1 to these articles, WINGATE denied any fiscal wrongdoing and claimed the spending of certain monies on his part was necessary to avert racial violence in Harlem during

&#39; I I

hap eneo to HARYOU~ACT there would definitely


violence. On this latter point,

the past

summer. His

main theme was that

if anything

W 1" -E u i 1
av

92

.I92&#39; .

mysterious "armed" group of Negro youth who are "prepared HAHYOU-ACT was stopping this
Both articles

WINGATE referred

be racial
to a

to die in a struggle against white people. He refused to identify by name this group stating he feared for his life if he talked too much. He further implied that only

-.

group from aoting1!


that WINGATE group which this

indicated on this

was apparently

speaking of known as the


set forth

a Black Muslim-oriented extremist "Five Percenters." The "Tribune"


observations

youth group article then

._". _ _,_ 95"! &#39;1 a ;-.:

developed in an "independent

three weeksQ:f

investigation" during

the &#39;

paper

past

. *

NY 157-1339

into the "Five Percenters" revealed that it was a Negro V youth street gang in Harlem that has been influenced by
-e .-92.< 1.. Ir. &#39;2"-.1 -I .- -_-r . E.

It

is

neted

that

prior

inveetigatien by

the

EYO

7 CLARENCE am-ms, SMITH aka NY100-150520!, funnel; igg a lia


~ of Isle" aawi. N01! memberwho called himself Allah . Hider ~ = d that sf his associate, YAMES HGWEL;
n a-rver e orm of Muslim ideology with anti-white racial these ouths have ado tQQ_ us1im naqes
n 1

these youths became indoctrinated the in

la

ff;
1% ,. 1&#39; 1
,..-, .-

[- overtohee, of Mggg
9&#39;1 1*.&#39;hn921_crh &#39;1 1-uunszfi on .

y _

ln"V6J92-Ii ibli d-Aauu-Irv-I-iA92F-92-Inn. 92.p I92-IQ-I4-b92-v92A UKIGJ A vauqv

Q ,

4!!

|::&#39;-L; uh:

and

WELL were arrEEtEU*U and


awaiting trial

4*

n &#39;KTro-Jimeriean &#39;z;~_I_ _ Uni ?


573I?:
which

" 1_fQl;

&#39;gI____;j1m"I"~ 5 U;&#39;_F::[!""""m&#39;In 1;,M . sow;-ms


continue to be
due to or

&#39;:&#39;G 1-::_!~H_V*llGiJLJ$A. D

"&#39;vi;R Z-5-&#39;.&#39;E= "&#39;

it i

incarcerated

has been delayed

extensive psychi rie examinations of JOWARS, which had been ordered by the court. Inesnmch as the gang was composed of
.--1&#39; . .*" rs_ "1-1.. Q 1.. __&#39;_&#39; .7 -1 51 _.r &#39; "ii ___ vi .13 in

9292192 ll 92-.4-swu I-.-5-92&#39;l ll-nun-n4~_92&#39;u92 max1-upqnm 92n_;A@.92n4@nn-mi-.-4I a .e"l-I1-ii-. an _ |92-VJ D-Lllbccl Vllci :i1&#39;:15Ucu i ii 92!U.L|92U | Q.-92-1!
In view of the publicity of the "Five Percenters" the attached articles as a result of the WINGATE speech

teenagers without headquarters, the

any real overall organizational aetup NYO conducted no extensive investigaticn

particularly,

uutlined in

M . .1 4 .92 "11

&#39;f

uni
:-.-- ~55 -

-3

TY

157-IHB9

in 7th ove in as determined are BBS


sonrox_me e_v w ve

are age

is

ercenters"

in NYC

ranging

that in there

Negr THe"geng"has
Madison Avenue disrupt classes,

are whi victim te

from 12 to 21 Approximately 125 of them are centeeei Harlem, around the 120 series of streets, bounded by and Lenox Avenues The remaining 75 youths are sea fer r Bronx, Brooklyn and Queens, with the most consent d the Fort Greene area of Brooklyn and the St Marys Par a of the Bronx The gang is responsible for numerous aults and muggings, chiefly aimed at whites on the fringe a of Harlem nowever, if the gang is unable to find a

they have

no reservtions

t6 %i:iisehoo1s, Junior High chiefly School #120 at


and 126th Street in Harlem, demand to be called by where they their Mus

aiso caused

bout_ch0osing a

?e HeaI*6T

and have ass ulted some teachersC~ H e leaders of the "Five P centers {M
aseieted by

is undergoi

HOWELL, both

5 psychiatric

of wh

ABS/1/~&#39;*

NY 157-M89

92 ideology and practice of karateigl the Ju o and


e oug ey do instruct each other in uslim-type

There are

no other

leaders of

the

@-

_ 92street,school yards parks;} and public


I! if .._. _

The gang

has no

meeting place

other than

the

F .- L *.92. =&#39;r

&#39;eddition zation of

e is that 85% of Negros are ca , e ncle Tome and the remaining_$.,_ which &#39;_1}@_e;2;e.iear..;tn.e.xeaJ_.le Negggdpop e. The HEslim indoctrination they receive in
to the adoption of a Muslim the questions and answers name is the memoriput out by the N01

E 41

which NOI
name. This
originated with

members must
list of

learn before
was an

receiving their
answers appears
NOI member under the

"X"
to have obtained

. F,

questions and
JOWARS, who

name of

it when

CLARENCE 13X SMITH, and

he joined

the NOIQy92

he undoubtedly

-=1 &#39;1 ? 9292

1 .r -$

0|

-5

-,

- in

Ii--.

NY 157-l59

M3

,1

with the the overall ettituoe of

exception of

the above is one

mentioned assaults

and muggings of whites there is activity by the gang of violence

no definite policy against whites.

or However,

insofar as

the racial

situation is

gang members

concerned. Also,

of anti-white

the gggg

1,

officer occurred when an officer was attempting to make a disorderly conduct arrest on 7/29/65. See referenced airtel and letterhead memorandum dated 7/31/65.! No information has
been developed that money obtained from by gang members is turned over to any muggings and specific leader

hes_neyer engagedw;n any~re-meqgtateo attacks officers. The one incident involving sh"ssesa1t

on police 6f*s 5Iice

assaults or

fund.Q9o92
92-

most publicity

arrested on

Although e number numerous charges

were the followingiyo3

of gang members have the incidents receiving

been

the

The 5/31/65, arrest of JOUARS, HOWELL four and others. See re NY airtels and letterhead memorandum dated 6/2/65 and 6/9/E5.!Q;q
making blotov

The 6/15/65,

memorandum dated 5/E2/65.! Q,92

cocktails. See

arrest of

NY airtel

eight gang

L
H.

and letterhead

members who were

In

6 -

;;; .5

I
I

NY 157 1L

_ The 7/29/65, arrest of 17 gang members far disorderly conduct and resisting arrest. See NY airtel

letterhead memorandum dated T/31/65.X@L

and

a particularly this Muelim

_ escribed the

vicious type of street overtone a mysterious of

gang that ides

Five Perceenters" as
has found in

&#39; In a teenage

View of e

the fact

that the

"Five Percenter

is

itse

In regard
that he is attempting

to the

remarks of

HINGAEE;1t appears
Pereentere and

ta utilize

the "Five

the threat of past neutralize criticism


v

against amfor his adminiscraeien of HAFiYOU-ACT.Cu}

an future potential racial violence ta and possible criminal proceedings

..-.. . an

7 _,%

1&#39;

rlem
E . _. _." 92&#39;4. b ._.-r__g T 92 _ :4.

EITGI
By fumes W. Sullivan V

H-n-III

s_l?

.11 I i -v BI >l &#39;9 .

_.-.4-= 1 -v_; ,. 11-39 ,-

O! Th! Hr-Yul-6 Trib-II! Sin" An armed trout? oi Negro youuul in New York Cm: is hntmn District Attorney : "prepared on die" in n strugzle against white people, o ice and Federal l.l. lLhO1&#39;1Li.&#39;_Llmissmn Vv&#39;1l&#39;18Bl8lliter charges 0! ecal muexecutive managemenn. Mr Wlngne dlrecmr oi HAR.YOU~AC&#39;1&#39;. has been crltlzed about his iisid Fesierday. "They say: Either there ls conduct of the nntl-poverty change or well make Wane IJTOEFEHI. The police have declined to He mfuaed to mme mg release any information about look like n. Lea party. Mr. Wlngaus said The reference inovefnehi on the ground than the i,TOup s size. objesnivesor was to the Watts area of 1.-us 1: was too dangerous." bin makeup Deputy Commissionspoke of ii er Joseph Martin. Angeles. where 34 persons he apparenlly heacl oi Muslim-oriented ex- community relations. has said were killed in recent racial Black tremlsi youth group know:-. as the depsrzmem feared disorders I whiclz Mr. Wingate told the Na- the "Five Peroemers tional Urban League : eastern is active in Your at New 01-1;membership and add to ihil ve boroughs. 5 regzonel conference on por- Citfs virulence oi the group. &#39; _ The Police Department has crty. held an the BelmontPlam Hotel. that the kids been waging a quiet. war 0:1 CLIPPIN G FROM THE are armed and ream to move." Lhe group for several months. and that only his 1r:l;i-p<1v- our is spolceeoasn yesrerr-1.a_v mid there would be no comertr organization was $lD_pp1I1E -0 0 """ &#39;~ " Mn Wingauie comthem. He called the mo-e~ menn on ments because the matter is qr mam "something more ominous than l.I1}&#39;lhlI&#39;l under investlsatlon. since The Herald Dionne has conszruczlon 1, HAHYOU-ACT is under in- been oonducmng an independt J ;f [JA ent investigation of the 9: vestlgltion by both the Manganimrlon for the pas: three I weeks. and has con rmed ne group&#39;s existence as well gr: aome details oi its B-clivlt1es_

l l

5 Percenters 92Jl&#39;OLlp l6 I16VB


___,_ n _,_,__&#39;_I_ J l

l 5

i 1
i I

I i

publicity snov- bi-lil might 5


The frequently most heagd
wY I4,

EDITION T=-{ff-< 1"1f"=_,


-

DATE

X pgqgf._ __ _ /

FOHI-.RDEfD or oitvlsroi; L4 BY
EQOTF C&#39;=. J.-$.31?DIVISIOFE BY&#39;~._1 TY

wagon ! lm*5
gen; ye

*Lion

amcmi &#39;!&#39;43 T&#39;" f

irmw bore ET =- ll 0 NEKQQ5 .1 -B C5118. ~


"U CiB T0115? all Neif s 3*" *3

PUBLICTIT

lTh@ vl
the streets
lpparenlly is ready is

Percenters&#39; oup
widely know,

members -of GIVE?A": the


other version
cent of

and 5 per cam arethe lead -,92*s


is U181 35 P9

of Harlem,
11, wim

and
wmg

rl

expjgjging--and {DE Fht PET

plowed.pl-r 10

Mn $1? ml

T319 Nerve chem: L: full or


rumors about

equally feared.

penwrs Will GESK-F0? Q1! 93&#39; the Ku Klux Klan and omer wmp fi p If to the Hitler ploluers Youth organization of the In those two veliitm . 50?"NEZIS They also are mmKeno Heats Ral h 31-1I923&#39;1 IS Dlred to the Blood Brothers." mo Jackie Robinson are 111A eluded amotli the 10 D" w publicized last year a group as However, members of thr Of 400 Foutln trained to kill group said recently that the Wlqites Politic maintained 5 pet cent are the "kindly. the-re were only 25 in the rlghyous NOD32" who Iollou group. F Allah. ll! per con . are the tleaail also was a&#39;e=other 1ollowe:~.= of Lslarr. and siggeo no st. Pamclrs Ca: to Lhe Chl7l5E and Cuban my 35 pi-T cent ITE the rest eciral dunng: the recon: viljzt Corr mumsts and to the group of humanitl of Poor Paul VI no New York conucted oi attempting no Cm because of a rumor mm drnnznile the Statue of ALLA5-&#39; the F i92&#39;e Porcenters vrryuld I-JbI&#39;1-&#39; and other national make ran attempt on his life omunents , at A mar. who calls him The onlyofficial age oien the Cathedral, the sources "Allal".. the Moslrir. word i hicb have prrv1ousl_92&#39;said indAll soi.u&#39;oe:; that memagree God. is lhE1E5dT.HE is mt! E itteo knowledge or in-lg bers. mostly youths from 13 groups existenceare Jithe "ens-rail? known as Elam Y8?-YE to 21 years of age, reYouth Board, which is E i92 E intensive training in I er. in jail since late Mu charged with controling and Hg5 manage followers are 192iu{&#39;irn theology N51. B1 -gig breaking up youth gangs in tlorlalisrr. judo and karazl. New Yuri: City. and the Board Some add thai they are gmgs. name re-bombings of Educalion. which believes and sevrral other acne of l trained in garrotin OnllFive Percenters were involved violence. The? arr believed B0 I Wliroaze so far has main!in two assaulns. and onr telehave been involved in at least phone threat; or an assault. one homicide. all involving teachers at 151&#39;. Wir.galse&#39;a statement Junior High School 120 in yesterday: was one oi the men Harlem. public exprosslorir. of concern Harrison Llghtfool, deputy about the group and the rst executive dl! EC1;O!&#39;1l&#39;l charge of public statement that it has community services for the weapons. Yourh Board. said recently Generally. the Police Dethat the boards. workers are partrnent has ntteznpbed to not taking a direct interest in .<.92 keep it secret. I the Five Pencenters, but are Bu: ra1&#39;Llcl11 omcers police concentrating in keeping in Harlem have been hrieflnlf 92 members of the supervised leaders of civil righas and gangs from joining ihe group, civic organizations on the It&#39;s something a like snore: group and have asked their society." he said. "The Youth co-operation in ghting what Dl$&#39;l5i0F. of Police the Departthey describe Ls Ivery ment is workinz on it. howdangerous group. ever. and we don : want to get in the Police Departments 4 papers. the New York Couri r war." ~11-ad the Amsrerdam News. School officials complain 92 gyesterciar published I storlvs labour the menace posed by we Percenters. but of tieir l&#39;18l.Sl6l&#39;lCE thatstall teachers Q

Harlemites comparing

it to

caused at wave oi transfer no quests bi teachers in Harlem schools. Sources in the Police Department mid a special 21mar; detail was assigned to investigate the Five Percenten lam. summer beoause or Police Commissioner Vincent Brodericlijs concern about them.

tlij Five

mere Fliurpublished I EDOI LS thm in Harlem, yesterddy is d med at their

fberlntendeni of

However. Daniel

Bcmelber.

Dlstnqt

Framed that they are ax/mid


a Ienernl belle. was-like training :<

Peroenters had

92source has One linked it

I, TRA.IP92&#39;G

iggdm.-_,,@z*~l1r we *1

gamed for numerous mu-

tally whine policemen; Bur rlemiizs maintain that eir hate ls direct/ed at both ihites and Negroes. lncludina lhelzr parents and Negro leadens. One polio: source said thew are about 200 members. I5 of them in Harlem. 75 in I-he Port Greene section of Brooklyn and a few dozen in the Bronx and Queens: but Negro leaders lmve been told in their briefings that more are 1,000 members organized into cells in every New York Cm h using project with a subLntial numbor oi Negro real lento. "= police source said U12? Cl rence Smith formed lift ar ago, short 15&#39; after lane Malcolm 15 the was dropped ifrom Elliah Muhammad&#39;s Black Musliri movement mcl set up ms ox: :1 Black Nationalist groupThe source said the Five Percenters threw Molotr Qocktails into three Protestant churches in Harlem last summit. committed m1meiou< muggings and assaults on both Negroes and whites, and at-

&#39;1med at P601112, whilk esllf

tucked several polio ; white sen. iPr0ceeds mu3&#3 of the


are turned over no their noiil

1 piers. me source said. gr

iTwo Harlem weekly ;new

on only rowdylsm oi byline


the Musliin
in the

92 he I"&#39;i--r Perccmers, reportedly hem by - atthe requesn of police.


zatlon.

names

given them

ornam-

_ _ _

:Ii

.1&#39;
&#39;

i
5 .

" "&#39;i =.u.~.11 :1.=m


Polwe ire oonberned hr i-ii! netitiam or the rvvneswrr 0. the source said. belle ! 1 Allkh tells them to kill if D .;,_3!_-w Sher must obey". Ind the: polloemerfs buileue elmer will not 4 them or will not penearne - &#39; hi: I ":-. their bodies, -w&#39;i-&#39; R The Black Muslims disclaim urge connection with the Five Percemera. the source said. but A-.~.&#39;;?; police do noi belifve them. P<i~ re < v&#39;

l 1

colm X. who 1-H up 1 nnl or... ; nntzation in the Muslims. was _&#39;r..~ =. &#39; .>_ nnother Muslim. "F L.-._ killed. and .A-.1 who set up his own mosque in . 7 V the Bronx earl? this Year. WI-8 wounded B!" I Kunahor. Policemen believe thli 1 min who 1115 himself "Allan" . l! could not continue his organizguon in the Negro commumry without the melt lIJIJ 2"Dv1; of Lhe Blaol; Muslims Harlem residenos claim to -&#39;..;e Five we Percemers ever! where. I can tell them by the was they look at. e store wind-&#39;: &#39;I&#39;heF looking re not in lt.

licemen point out that

Mal-

.l

ms: his arraignment, heiitold


V _ ghueouspeople" end Qua l the clay would blow up. "You&#39;re golnito muse t riot." he said Srrilih was held in 89.500 ball, which his Iollowere have been unable to furnish. The group was next identi- ll ed by volioe late in July when two policemen were iniured Icing to the maelsta-nee ol a Harlem woman who had been molested by g zroup of about 30 youths. men B Policemen niteniowd to arrest n youth who struck him. there W8: a general melee in which the polieemen were pelted with bottles. atonee, bricks, gardge Francis X. O&#39;Brien lhlt was wrong 1&#39; or accusing the

QM-l,I<. BAIL

oer oi Ivm Tureen. I163,04 on June 27. 2

RJ-ola white in bur. PE


Mmmey Irvin Goldsmith. in

_t-&#39;the nlasaes were mid re.


tindicated there 8.150lies t"-m3" B!- MK Nltionelis: la-ain.in,g. L,
one of them had told anthat he or in-_=

iris!-ed to Muslim $3C1&

git;-war, A i Dist .l_i flnl


murder C358.

ll 5

l l

}-in-ge the of

saidmme. never heard&#39; levers! earlier he The youthsW bed t:e ween mug ; 0
mixed roan: Trre h "mid" &#39;1 had been Blood Brothers. and! store as 510 Claremont
Parkway said $1195 W!" mam

~*other Herald Tribune ]&#39;gpQ]&#


a member

hers of

the Barbarian

Kri.izhl&#39;-5."

the but The two 1&#39;?-year-olds who noun. described themeelvee hf in , Bed them to

one man mid morn??-

~ --&#39;.leiliking at ii. like the! wam >1 -=-an --hues}: it." -- ~ .&#39;The grouprst publicity ; .l__._.

ll.-&#39; ."

V esbed. g ,1 On Sept. 18. Cedric Avery, -&#39;15. who appeared. had in Pore:-&#39; and an me City Bess" my 31 diner he led a crowd C-enter shortly before, was eestimetled an 150 person sci-0.55 play125m st, in Harlem. alleibdly <; stabbed to death on a 212 W. 129111 BL, mirsing motorists and police- l ground er in the S1. Nicholas Houses. men. beating a Negro mm where he lived. Police who with a six-fool pole, breaking charged Earl Green. 21, oi some snore Windows end. 27 ? W. 127th Sr. in the slaynally, ghting with two poing said Green bold them he licemen who ltnempued to had subbed young Avery question him. after he was attacked by the He and five of his followers youth and e. gang of other were charged with Ieloniolin boys. u-mull. ruining an-est. un> The dead boy&#39;s chest was lawful assembly and conspiroovered -with Muslzm medals. gcy. Smith L150 was charged Two youths who eald they with possession of marijuana. were Five Percenbers later Al their arraignment two Herald Tribune redays later. an estimated 150 l told a roun Avery was persons. 111051.13 ~i.ee1-lagers. ap- porter that a member oi their irroup. peared ll Criminal Court. A former Bl7Ilpl0_Vee ofrlhe causing police to semi 120 marl Youth Board said 1nmrm.92o the court, the largest detail ever assigned there. 1: .he Uune indicated the &#39;1. Police oharged that Snllth lad declared: "we&#39;re ruin; no ltned the unpmvolzed murihe oops and all the whine le-~women and children. pq We&#39;regoing Us lt_lr"t._l b bath now end. we drill : 11 L our shnre of poverty fin:-de. bk @111 am &#39;~

like otherthew}; people do: ii Ggd, E-Lbozrs, egai we-are 14 to 13,


.the policemen was injiiridz

Smith! mmze andOn! oi Clarence he in J-Bil ,. i&#39;.1-ash&#39;E.ven God. mm. 1; if ham is Christ, "3; God, hut. when
The Christians

Herald Tflblll *5 Ft" PST,


said one of them.

lnxl-0115 to "crack down" on that he me delay H155 um;

mi the Police mparlznent1F

Mr Winaane

and &#39;e.ri.erd.-&#

Qq-uere declared A1-R-1 that


581- T-1181

ie could oontacr. themembers

He told reporters afrer prr

awe when arrested Smith was

I | l

hem. Ans" attempt by police 1,. wt; dying o nthe cross. he f ii down. he said. wolllc said. Father. forgive them. lead to massive resistance." my my; mow not what the?-&#39; Believe me, my commur.;:~ do. This means that he has is loaded with d}&#39;Il31Tii!,:m 7 not God; his F ihl-?T B5he said, "Those kids don ; givQm-15; 1&#39;35 5 prophet and the e damn. They will die--not 3: woo: cm. only Allah 15 oi them, but. enough of 9,1-leg; . "I&#39;ve talked to p01i l! .Hhe bgyg Qgnlgd hill. ii ? herre scared. they know the acts. If I bell you too mucli. .1 taught karate or judo in

utsemm no oommunioare vq-,;

eenng that he did not Kilt? ho they are or where i2. l! j&#39; are locaieci. but that he wm,;&#39;.-

EM

aw" L?

Jlll W_mga.t.e." thin FivePercente_r__ llfiff be the lave


92

tron rweiveo there in late


ve Percenters comhad

"Q-. 92.. _-1. t 5" &#39; :1. v7,.~~ :1. &#39; < -.:~.v~ 2. .4--w &#39;-rift .. ._t. A ;; .7J; H rnn_ ,-,.. r.-V; 4&#39; I .v~

ggtagpl called it an
=1 ?
Mr.

1&1-gt {Sargent Shrlver, he-ad lot the Federal antipovertjv pvtamazmg


A
92N&#39;tngate Indicated Lhh:

92_f-Iaryrou-mzt had appaased me


movement last summer by giw qtng the memtxrs blind-alley &#39;jo.bs. Thesewere Qt little jabs value to the youths. he ml-=L because they uttered no chin .

;o! upgradingtheir skills.

A1 one point, Mr. Wingate de-claimedt K211 Wingate if you land ynu lon&#39;t gver. a have preitense of stopping violence."

M54 1

Iwill. but desire-;v Haryou-A~:&#39;t

am his conference talk Mr, ingstc indicated disillustcn


meant with the Johnsfm Admitte-

giftraton. Theantipoverty act

wis we Magma Ca:-ta of pry i the said. but at ls now in danger ;o: heccm-lng a "fraud." &#39; "The Democratic Admi.niSh&#39;a-

I
.&#39; __1_~ -,~.&#39;:. v &#39; F;-_v_ 5 .. &#39; --

I.i0:t ha= pulled back on nus slq


zuati-.r.." he said They begun to recugrtize that

ious. T&#39;ne_.~ are tnmgutn dilute [the progz-_a,rns no ng." tn


E Ye; Harynu-Act has so far &#39;Lon Powell. Harlem i!e:m0craL, Mr; Wingate saidaryou-Act be-cause

-munity action is a little

<ia&#39;rl~ge~r~

have com-

ibeen able "resist the clu 1.t11-lea" to of bath the city government and

of Representative Adam ClayThe city is airai

--3. .1

to touch
of Coir

5r ~ 1,. la- .. ., :4 ._ A ,.! _ta

tvlth u.=."

giLpl&iAdam"because or <i and mqgs our i xgrity. doesn&#39;t


J

gtres nlall Powell. Wingam Mr.

1 Y.

"- ~-.-92

<

Y
a

Q-17; .F&#39;i|=- ~.&#39;


_ .;-24-H _ Toison

K -

I -H 1_

Belmont T
ouch S 139? i....._....i_e Callahan __,_______

5&#39;Prcenters Called Hooditims;


Actions Blamed
. . ~. _- .&#39;,_-1.--ea w;-= __ he ; ~-.7;~&#39;,> 41?: &#39;73:.

Conrad M
Felt ,.;_ Gale -

/r

on Frustration
Jornzg -v---- -1 E Mm pub,
hm-led garbage rocks and

Fiosen
Suliivcm -

ft

_ t

1
l I V i |

described the Five Percenter-s" | yesterclay as a mull hoodlum i gang that championed ahate E phi1osaph}" lgainsl. both Whita and Negroes. &#39;1&#39;lie&#39;y said the gr-oupq which W85 involved in several mugglngs and beatings last. spring. was composed o! misguided teen-agers who had turned Meir fmsiraiions in the black ghetto into antismiety act:-or: " "The;-"re 1 pure gmnih of s the alums." exclaimed a city 4 youih woi-1~:e:&#39; has who dealt with members of the gangz. "and they&#39;re being in uenced by older and known subvernii-#2 F men who are only to-o happy S to turn the community into chaos and turmoil." This im&#39;1uem-:2. accaritiing to social workers Ln Lhe area ha? helped to create a group oi bouaiiy undisciplined 3rouzi_.e&#39;stars, who have no respect for

By mzononz Concerned Harlemrezidentsf

CL{R"!n"?92l he ~ti"&#39;!&#39;E
13&#39; with Q ,1 can cover-.=~_ bottle: at two whitr

incident 00

V Trotter ______ Tove!


Teie Room _._____ Holmes

or I0 youms

who allegedly

l
i

age from 16 to 18, were charge-d

than from molesting a Negro M-&#39;O&#39;i&#39;l&#39;LB . l The youuis who ranged in

policemen who

iiad 51X! pp d

Gcmdy _________._,_

with riot. 92m.La.wfu.i uses-i&#39;ri ol_v. resisting arrest and di_=ordrPI_i conduct. S-even other youths. also involved in the inrideni. YRETQB booked juvemi-:2 cie-_ _a.s

ltnquenis.

Black Muslims

Pruitl-:1-is 5

Both the police and Harlem community leaders describe the Five Percenbers as a loosely knit group of _vout.h= ranging ,in afr from 13 L0 21. The group is mm to foilow many of thr p z~acLice<the _. , of Blark Ii-iuiIin"F. . . although iti i 3fillFii" i- lh

liiiiizi is :-W iiiaiii MM-*92


, F
1 i-.1 A

iiiziuiitirwi mum
i

V 92 -I "1 ,5 ,. .

parents or anyone the not mium with their way of mini:-

the group run between 50 and operate in the Bedford-Stu1rve100 members. Youths who iiicnMy with the groujo are said to av 92,~&#39;

that Sect. Estirnaies

of the

stnzmtlh of

.92.&#39;-l

.1 "&#39;4 ._-. .92. -,~ "L I1

ll fl
r

r &#39; -IH ~. .~ ~! 49&#39; i. r. -

mg. The Five Perceriters were said E to have been an outgrowth of an older. militant. antiwhite group describe-.1! as the Blood r Brothers. which was linked by the police in the summer of 19-63 to se92&#39;Era.1 murders of whites in Harlem. Gained Atltntinn 111 Illa! ~ The younger group. which has > been under con.st.am pohce surveillance. gained public attention int May when 5e92&#39;e1"8l

sari : area oi Brooklyn as well asin Harlem. T The Five Perceriters 8Z&#39;l92&#39; their mm e from a p-i1iiosopluca1_ belief that 85 per cent of the

IA I , P; l_/ The Washington P435 qnd Times He;-old The Washington Baily News _ The Evening Star _ New York Herald Tribune _____,__ New York Journal-Ame-ricun_____ New York Daily News New York Pest The New York Times .,_

youths led by a man

4 v

5Ci&#39;i&#39;b himself as Clarence 1334. Srnjlh. a former Black Muslim. attacked a Negro man on a Harlem street. F aen Smith was arrested and elmzed with the assault. the youtiis marched on a Harlem rciea~=e. The next day peared again at smiths

vvlio de-

ii

The remaining of 5 cent, per which they are the seii-chosen


who has worked clo.=el7~&#39; with the group in an atiempi to

Turns."or 5ub5en"iE!1twiiit.es.I to

count:-:;&#39;s Negro population is; ignorant or just came" in-id; that 1i per cent are "U1-iclei

plaineci onecommunity: ieaderi


changre their direction. But

eventually will lead the others out of "bondage." "Many of these kids don&#39;t know whatls going on." ex-

police station and demandedhi.Manhattan Criminal


ihey aphear-

Court and shoubed "92Vhi19 rnan _== iDjl!$ L! E" and other black nationalist slogaris umii they were ejected -from the courimom. Smith was charred wiih felonious assault. resisting arrest urilaia-hi! a.sseri&#39;i&#39;o ;;~&#39; and pQS_51t .-sion of marijuana. He was held in $9,500 bail and is stiii in

ing in

they ideri iy with the power"" lessness of the Negm in the ghetto. and if you :-e not 52! The Baizimare Sun _ ing how to end that then 1~rou re The Worla: ___ not 6-&#39;l.king:&#39; U1eirl&ng&#39;1.1BJ; 0_" During the summeriimth the The New Lauder police and Ol l&#39;l1&#39;l&#39;l92JTi.Zllf92&#39; leadrr-.= The Wall Street Jaurnc} met frequently: with the yoiiih to get their views and to seeThe Nl U0r a 1d&#39;i_UbSEI VB:&#39; . where they mould he hlped, PEt:pl;-5 World W Many W@?l"! taken into the HARYOU-AC1 summer pmDale _ grarn and given eniploynieni Others remsed jobs with the

Wliin-I-&#39;1- -lip

It-giarlejmd agency, declaring that e i ;want"ha cinu t<.


1&5 Termination sumoi {Fe

/*.

L &#39;-.r:i,<;i:5i;i<i

fIf

92

I -Ir

mer,;;q;g;1;;; increased the re4*92 sentmem of 1.hc15e""&#39;I hu-1Pad worked The ywth were said to have been a_tmo3.&#39;ed also that I-h yhad received no training to help themselves and phat they had used sc~!e1_92&#39; m insure a cooi summer in Harlem " Very few persons in Harlem b92? l|e92&#39;edI-"&#39;:ve that the Pvtcem. er; could Lhemaeives precipzzate an armed my-zvllin the commumt!". Several leadrs_ howevey-_ feel that Lhe irmfup cuuld and would be used by other U? and dxsrupung elements 1I cg.were not ccnmined. These kids dent go around armed. am: anyone who 59,;-.~ Lhat d> .:=.n&#39; 1-mow xvhat he-&#39;5 talking about. one } DL&L11 worker said. The 20; have been pmcang mesa k1d.~up lei: jand rmh: and not once have they been charted MU1 a viol.&#39;~.&#39; tion of Lhe Suilwan Lav.-. They know they can be arrested s.f they have a penknife on them "Our greatest. fear zmw i< that, with ail this publicity, many at the youth who identify with some of the beliefs of the group but are not yet members might be enticed new Le gear. Whenyou get a place like Harlem and Lh-2 deprivation? that exxst. than yowre going to get youth gang; like thm until bas pro ems-"

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4 If Haryo-u s ProgramCurbed Is e
Bomber wax-ning_-;2. Negro the Beimon Piaza Hotel. Later uf . 1.21:1-12:15.: Ln Harlem and other Mr. V ngaie expanded his an

Jwingcxte If Warns Revolt Negro I


By HOMER e&#39;1s.m1&#39;
CLIPPING FROM
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7 me cr>mro92&#39;ersia.1 a.mi- composed of desperate ycm ws, Harlem !-

pen; t0Ha.1&#39;}&#39;0u-Actlern "mo*-&#39;emer. _" werevoiced at an imp 3-esrterdayby Livingston Lupramptu pressconferenre.

N.Y

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i povertybeen whe PW die summon program. we H5Y&#39;Y -Wit were to&#39;A&#39; "prepared ii ThI.X 1&#39;:;&#39;has criticized wef
for iuose management :-;h5~1t~ 3&#39;*&#39;3and -= 1 tmncm pr-,_;.cdu,e5_ and mug Heindicated members that ti $1 million future in grants ofgthe m 9n -E&#39;5 ~ ~&#39; ! 1P1N5 Federal fl-1-I92d5 held is being up&#39;b3 Ha-"Y<=v-ML P

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PAGI _*&#39;

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gate all Whitey wants is to lzsrrznn.-u me 1% l l said. Never mind dial THE PRESIDENT Vi-&#39;Th.il.Ey wants, P -aI&#39;yu".: H Will . is if . Continued at Bethesda. Nawe i~ 6:26P ii. until Monday noon. tile to deliver. than get Wu be val Hospital. in better position to fundaem.Mr. wtngate heiwisi said Foreign Affairs nub-commitmental &#39;Ll1i1LL5s l F &#39;5&#39;; letert" THE SENATE tee received briefing trumi frightened for his own lite} Ute of Fund; Explained Not in session. Anibazsador to the Soviet divulge any details 01 U19 Finance Committee began ovemenl.." Union Kohl-er. i During the summer there was hearings on sugar bill passed DEPARTMENTS & AGENCIES a tense moment, Mr. Wingate this GI &#39;3.I21Z3UOI2. by the House f-&#39;esterdaj92&#39;. I&#39;ll thei lie i Defense department re- 5;-iid_when "5,BOU kids threat Internal Security subcomlateWingatefhesaid. I quested45,224 draft quot/Afor was towhen us asunder." That E ened break Haryou-Act on 92 ll&#39;So he refused even to give mittee issued report had i of churches l Decerrlber biggest since the l"ia11en $400,096 behind the name of the sinister or- tual elimination in pay~ .~< and Roman Cauiouc schools Korean War. lmenls," the director went on. l Agriculture Department anrent he was talking about 8] in Cumriuriisi Cuoa. i T0 Reid- {Rim Wm! P Sel"92&#39;i< e&#39; nounced at national allotment {wlio had been given "me M55 Committee w young Harlem I1-ZLE SYOUPI Civil job comof 6 million acres for the on its version of the gq the Five Percenl.ers.. met lmitments by a staff member. 1966 crop of upland cotton. House-passed Federal pay e Police Deoa.-amen: cunlMr. Vfingate said: I, reached S HEI}CLI"ID FOR TODAY rmed thai this group was rise bill. dad Look t-he money. 1 didn&#39;t Got. I5. 1965! THE HOUSE {give a continental what account jimder investigation. President Johnson convalit came from." <~&#39; the Members group the Completed Congressional acof told escesat Bethesda Naval Hospgll gthey had adopted the| tion on a $4.3 Jaillion suppleThe agency has been criticized l-iuune "5 per centers" be-cause. mental public works. appropiml. lfor "comminglmg~" F&#39;e:lera.l and 1 Senate meets at noon; 8-5per cent of Lhe Negroes are; priations bill: adjourned at x. &#39;city grants. House not Ln session. Ilike cattle. per cent are Uncle} 10 It would be "a lie" to suggest "T ms and we are the 5 per centl NASA o!imal.; on Gemini -any wrorigdoirlg. Mr. Wingate VI orbital mechanics an-:1 ren- said. The are not in arbook; l dZ92.&#39;l&#39;lll5 hold news conference; ,der_ he -EX]Jl92l.l&#39;3Ed_ simply te2 P.M. . v-I involving payment of thunof Harlem youths. 2. proI ,.._ . that gave Harlem respite i ._-; lwg hot Hused eammen- when as &#39; &#39;1 ..i .lboys say: Let em crack down. irorn a. threataied 5 isummer" of violence. we Wm t move. - "You thirik just because the t.erine<iiarj&#39; between the DODGE; &#39; Mr. i &#39;+. long hot ended and - . Andmt --Five pengentgr-5_" spread the B~dfr.rd- Wingate warned Ural it=_*1&#39;1summer hashas begun rould the public continued to "]lSl. the autumn chill ;&#39;- ; _ _l Ra mt, Stuyvesant section Brooklyii the sslnine. lying and di=-, that the tension is over." Mr. of to G" n5 _9 landto _Hocheste1midotherup-torted press" about Haryou- K:-t. Winga.te said, but our com. Mr. Wingrif-2 theniu*f&#39;e~_-_jst:rte said cities. _ iii would have to rely on naked ,m1m1t~&#39; with dynamite. is loaded mam was growing II 8Pld}* cometo you with a deep. guns" to contain Harlem. don&#39;t give a andum "thelid may blow nrrlmuch inirht in me. My I can see bloodshed Harlem I "These kids of ln rlamn. They are willing tn CIZQ. imelilioried. among others. Depu-&#39;1 and then in Beciford-Sfruyvesant. I raiee my hand to God and 1" unpaid he had been meeting with ty "PerhapsHarry be "so ii Tav-l Chief Ixispemor called youi.1igh-levelpolice about say: Th2it swhat I believe a1a.nnis&#39;L." he said. an omi- and then Rochemer and S_92&#39;ra~ cuse will move." Mr. Vi-&#39;lng=.te Vfingate said the idea Mr. want conflrrriation, you can callgnour movement" of youths pre said. i Yfor the emergen.-:;.&#39; pi-o_-cram some key police officials: 1-Ie_pa.redt.o die. l 1_t_ ___.. _ _._ _..._.___ 1.-aurr, at uie new? Curifervzii-e was suggested To him i ii 53 Deaths Rrralled in another room. Mr. 92 l- mgalc by Senator Robert F. 7 Kenl said New York. lkm who he said had met wiih; There eitherbea _cha.nee that he had talked to mem- ne::l3 .Dern-tic&#39;rat,ni will of .np;e5enmg,;v 51 mg mgve-lit! the situation." he said. or bers the group at the sir-irt of By July 1 the program had !TS mam} |you&#39;1l seesomethingLl1a&#39;Il the sumer and had found 4300 } U92lDgFU and a stair make Mr. said: , the deeply &#39; Inspector Taylor denied la.s!5.wa 5 10 like B 193 &#39;PR1"3&#39;- suspicious about Qf 50&#39;-3. V -&#39;in&#39;.{ato "Id been warned by irielici; might um Harlem was on nit- tee A-&#39;_&s to the New "Whitey" the white man! and wferrmg oi the while man&#39;s intentiom in Washington: Roy. ifs :-i-na=I~ v ge of racial violence "V- e.ri0is in the Kails ghetto or Los Birl regarding Ha.ryouA::L. e de- niinistmtive impossibility. I replied; turn lscribed part of the oon92&#39;er%z92t.ion I can&#39;t down3 ; situation," killed last August. mill on. iii, Mr W tg told about Mi-mbei-= oi the movement as follows: So we ran Lhe program and "The kit said: Look. Win-

Eh/ashington =3*"=:;>&#3 Proceedings "~*.i%*i~ . -1


i I

"Litell too about! I youmuch

jitriizatioriitwas However, ap-92

l F

nauseEmergency of program

largo w lal to z-1?. liriow belongs the us." 1&#39;92&#39;ai.i0n3.i Wingate Urban League."cl&#39;alr:l~:sands down. Mr. said
l {The +I!epartrnm;i.edreL;;On5ergncg they Police mat Harlem inbut remain si-5.; defim-1: "The

1% weer weWe e P-=~l; u "

gram i"i.f m&;i,.fihZ".;&#39;Z= Z,i 2iZ r;l "

anyH day."

iwlngate the told conference. He

not."said,I.danger-lA_ng@1es, 92_- in he where 33 at least were


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li ?lea.ders: programs or poverty knovr thehpolice are about

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wk-SCHOOL . . . AND HARLEM S 5


,
0} TheHerald 1 r1b&#39;.1r Sta}! The Board of Educamm has 1 report of a reign of terror in Cooper Junior High School in Hariem whlch exceeded lD3&#39;1h.veteran n teachers had ever seer, in the area. The verrnrmm was blamed on smdenm who were members 01 the teen-age hate nu-nu 4~H vi 4% *"|i -92Per_ ...-up sue. we .0-e cemez-s"and who believe than 5 per cent of Negroes are cattle. 30 per cent exploit am-.m.-as-A-5per cent are the

PERCENT ERS
_~ I

By Ilmea W . Sullivan

--:uum
?- tx &#39;57: ? Rn, 2... :;@_;__ 3-v

he salri publicly that there was "an armed group mad!-&#39; ll Whit: Tmhzrm to move" in Harlem and only HARYOU-ACT was stopping them. In the three weeks since In hm Tnchers: Mr. Wingnte made his starement, Police Commiasloner You slaw. You I1 die. Vincent Brncierick has refused of the Baird in mid-Owber. to con rm. deny or even distoL&#39;muthe true God and will Board of cials have refused cuss 1t. His latest refusal was *.-orelease it er ti.1L;1 1;. Inn Friday. end the emlciu-morn. l Mr. Frey": report said that, HARYOU-ACT director LivThe report by Martin F&#39;re5&#39;. l.&#39;st pr&#39;mc1pa.E of the school at ingston Wingabe is believed on &#39;m..df_;QZ,_,j h00l., repeatedly disMadison Ave. and 119th EL. to have been reierring to the classes was sent to several Olfzcmls Fzve Percemers Bent. 14:-hzr" I

You blue-egred devil. You&#39;ll burn.

pwr teachers" righteous who

The Wushllnqmn P651and __;_.


Times Hemlci,

The Wqsh1nq:::n;Du11y ____ News


The E1/enir:qtcuf,_._____._i._ 4 _. |__ I _ __ I New York Herald Tribune .:....._.._._. New York. Ournsll-AmeriCun J New icrk Dally News ___._i_ ,.~ -. New York P951 _______.._.____ The New Yo:-l Times I The Baltimore Sun ._.i_..i..___ The Work ____,._______i.__i er The New Leader ____i_i____; The Wall Street Jcaurnnl.__.._._....i

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&#39;1 he Nuiisrrui ubserver _.._..__ People&#39;s __.___j-1.Wnrld Dute

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rupted bi bolts who stood at u1!!&#39;.T9!ct!Id moments and ihouted at teachers: You blue-eyed white devil! You&#39;ll burn! If the teacher was Negro. the boys shouted, "You slave! You&#39;ll die!" ~92o The disorder spread -r" throughout the school, ac~ A corclzng to the report. with ,,_.gangs of the boys roaming &#39; &#39;1"-.. halls. insulting and threaten-"&#39;1&#39;-. ing teachers and assistants who were patrohng the halls mo beating non-Fl92 e Per:> It centers outside the school. H They added to the general disorder an classes by refusing to answer to their names and dernandzn; to be addressed by Muslim names. Boar. teachers and students were terrified by the threats and disorder and their terror was heightened by two incldents of violence. Within the first two weeks of school. a n-isle teacher was beaten by s student and a female teach er was strutk by an mtrude ldentztied in the report as l" .92i-&#39;e Percenter. 1 ,.-:1 Both the assailants er known to have beer. arrested -_ i acknogiedged the _&#39;-92 r &#39;. -fr ~ .._&#39;_

in-{and-1ubmitted I report. but crder to oontinue his lite, the refused to release it. report stated. Board oi Education sources Teachem st the school so! report was bethat the youths called non indicated the members Pork-eaters" and ing withheld because oi some oi the statements of opinion demanded to kn-oer during classes if their teachers st: in it. The reference may have pork. Teachers were told by been to an impassioned parathe Board of Education make notes of the outbursts. graph which termed the Five Percenter philosophy "diabolbut some of them. osoeciall icnl, said it was aimed at the Negro teachers Livifm in Harevery desirlem. were afraid oi revrlsals destruction of able institution" of Harlem. outside the s hooi. and accused the noun of The Five Percent/era lre oombinin: brainwashing and followers of s man nsm Clarence Puddlni Smith, terror. The report said that after who osils himself Allah. was killed other They are said to believe he is the youth threatened God. He has in jail Five Percehters non-members. since he was arrested in 1 violence to Several pork-esters" brought disturbance in early June. but the members insist that weapons from their homes to he still is God and that. its defend themselves on the way his followers, the? cannot be to school. They checked their weapons with the principal killed, . The report said that when when they arrived. The report added that the a 15-S&#39;ear~o-id student snd undoubtedly member of the Five Percent. Five Percenters ers wee killed as he and have adult leaders and that there is evidence the group other members fought with and advise an adult on a playground in receives funds Bt. Nicholas Homes. his from outside the United friends shouted: Get up. States." You&#39;re not dead. We can&#39;tThe report sold that the die." incidents came to an and The boy was dead. boo.-~ after the first two weeks of ever. and his friends. gave his school and that 14 arrests Muslim name to s recruit in had been made. -_.._._..,_

lzreed that the disorder. ad ceased. but said the lttltud s which caused them are still apparent in the Five Percenter students. They believe the end of the disorders was brought about by five-da:~&#39; suspensions issued to students who insisted on being called by Muslim names. the l.i&#39;I&#39;E!.S and the stationing of it policeman at the school to patrol the halls. A board spokesman said there have been 12 to 15 arrests it the school this year. not all of them Five Percenters_ ten five-day suspensions and two full suspensions. Some teachers believe there may be further disorders pending. "We may be in the eye of the storm." one of them said. Some police sources ea? they believe the tZi&#39;ouii> has become quiet in recent weeks because most oi its leaders have been arrested on one charge or another. but they my the group still exists and Qi1Ib&#39;_h-ll.eve that new leaders are moving iri&#39;u!r-lib.-~

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officer: and oivio

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,page

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in tighting article aleo

1, out

that

of

Perceetera" and ecribed as a

have aaked theirannperation very dangerous group. Thin

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&#39;Aaaterdam leis oh 10/14/85 po1ioe&92


The "lee

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pobliahed atoriea

"lee York

regaroihg the
at the
continued with

Courier and

the

lonace poaed

0! the

"Five Perceatera,"
York Ierald frihnae article

reportedly

request

1lP,: &#39; -ET


i,;T* .-1 Z .4,

a comment

to the

effect that

one source

linked the

Five Percentera"

to the Chinese and Cuban Coaaniata and convicted of attempting to dynamite the

national Ionunenta.QJ92

to the group recently Statue oi Liberty and

other

la you are alare, the proper utilisation of information received by the Bureau ia foremost anon: our responsibilities as an investigative agency. Whenever information cones id the attention or the Bureau which appears to he of interest to another

agency, that

intoraation ahould

be forwarded to interested

agencies k

+,_>. " ~ | ._Ir-~3.-: .&#39;. __1_ Q5

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%>r 9- 1

The Bureau Peroenters represent.

agrees that a local

the activities police problem;

of the however,

"Five in view

or elenents

the allegations subversive ind


your continuing ahould apecifically

that the "five Percentera" racist iiaaeati, ii iadicitad

may he linked Iith certain ia aoiipaaer articiea,


and racist "Five Percentere

-K

"RYE actually linked to

investigation of these subversive deteraine whether or not the

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IOTE:

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throughouttn5reater lei York City urea. They involve thenelves in assaults! lhggings lined chiefly at white pwple. Some the ax

1! I

Kl 9! lppr lihltegy :egroyoungsters are scatterad 200 who


The loaders hgve

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giveninatructions each to otherin Iua11n~type 1deo1ogy{5 RQHY "Five

lgadars of this gang are currently incarcerated.

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Blackmen ~&#39;j
Allah "

SUBJECT;

Brotherhood of
Brotherhood of

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5. 4 -* .

r st t f 92 aLHM dealing with the H known as the "Five Percenteiskzgx Youths ree sans 0 Negro
M

Encloaed herewith the Bureau are copies for ten


this LHM are being furnished in NYC to

ReNYairte1 10/18/65, 10/22/65{g;{&#39 and Buairtel, x? l;92 =

l lfi

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G-2 and

Secret Service.

C0Dies of

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~,:- 1 ._- .v; 5: ;-3: _&#39;.-lcg - _&#39;.&#39;, :1. _ .. Q-" 5&#39;5 _ _ &#39; .-.:;.922: :~&#39;,_ w" ~ .- "_, J92_ 492-J .0?->15 ;r"::" A

will also

The YNYO maintain National stwith will contact ca.nvaN sources in Black
activity to determine if

an an

Chinese Communist

these subversive

and racist

ements are

linked in

any way

to the

Five

Percent%rs 92f__-A- 92

3%

.-.*"I~

iigj A
?e_*; ?~.*"
Hana

0! V

Uznrso DEPARTMENT STATES or-.iJsTIcE


rcosasn BUREAU orlnvssrloirxon
November 3,

_=

&#39;.

InRepIy,Pleu.se egg

New York. 572::Ygrk


i903

Five

Racial Matters
* 2 4
-_.;{

Percenters

The October 15, 1965 edition


impromptu press conference given by

of "The New York Times"


wingate on

V. ei.&#39; . ..... . -_r~92> H __._ Q . ._-.7. . c.,_. -~;.-""-f;

and the "New York Herald Tribune", daily New York City newspaper, both contained articles on page one dealing w th a speech and October 1%,
Urban

1965,
at

before

the

eastern

Livingsto

regional

nferenoe
City.

of the
The two

1- ,-1.~ 3&#39;s - I $3 4"


.; -1

League

the

Belmont

Plaza

Hotel,_g _1pr

tbeiHEem anti~poverty
.. 4~u- +,_. uni. . Q . -*-,_,,; _"&#39; vi-

articles Revolt If Terror

were respectively captioned "Hingate warns of Negro Haryou s Program Is Curbed" and "Harlem &#39;5 Percenters Group Revealed . Wingate is the Executive Digg;_of

Unlimitedi ssocieted Community Teams HARYOU-ACT!. Both articles point out that wingate has been criticized for his handling of the program and that he is currently under investigation by the Manhattan District Attorney s Office and the Federal authorities

program known as Harlem Yo th Opportunities

following chargesof fiscal mismanagement g


According
press conference,

to these articles
denied any fiscal

Hingate,
wrongdoing

in his

speech and
that

_-1 &#39; "ex 2* , 92.. ~_ a&#39; 1:

the spending of certain monies on his part was necessary to avert racial violence in Harlem during the pest summer. Wingate&#39;s main theme was that if anything happened to HARYOU-ACTthere92would
definitely be racial violence. On this latter point, he referred

and claimed

.2? 92&#39; = 92 ,&#39;-1" ~41! ;_&#39;,~ -, 4* .1&#39;3" _, R *2-v-I

to a mysterious
die in identify
talked too much.

"armed" group of negro youth who are


He further implied that only

prepared to
to if he

a struggle against white people. Wingate this group by name stating he feared for

refused his life

92.-J,_ 1

stoppingthis groupfromacting{Jif}

HARYOU-ACT was

nAT BY

3? HCLRWFU INFURHWUN BUNTMH 3351 ES


-v , &#39;

c.1:LQ,
of

/3% ""/"
This document contains neither recommendations nor conclusions

the Federal
to

the FBI and is


be distributed

Breau

loaned

of Investigation
to your
your

agency;
agency.

FBI!.
it

and its

It

is the property
contents

are not

of

outside

&#39;5 ...a r_ &#39;-.4 7:. .

Fmehmwmm Racial Hatters


Both of these articles further indicated that Hingete

was apparently
_ i 92 &#39;92

youth group known asthe "Five Percentere"[yo]

epeeking or

a Black

Muslimjgriented extremist

92

92. in New York City composed gang i that seems to unite and inspire
in their Muslim form

On October 15, 1965, e confidential source who has furnished reliable information in the past, advised that the "Five Peroenters is e particularly vicious type of e etreet

of Negro

youths who
a mysterious

have found
ideology

of indoctrination

&#39;_ . x._ -fa 4~ ,.. c

E 3

them. The gang is composed of approximately 200 youths in New York City ranging in age from 12 to 21. Approximately 125 of them are centered in the Eeriem section of New York City around the 120 series of streets bounded by Seventh and Lenox Avenues. The remainder are scattered throughout the Bronx, Brooklyn and Queens with concentrations in the Fort Greene eree of Brooklyn end the Seint Mery&#39;e Earn

section of LBronx. _>,_,92 the


This same source advised

5,l?"1" f&#

3&#39;1 : i

:W
4

., aw?

5,he,fF1Ye M Clarence es aka!


hh

i >92

QfItneWNationk;fPZ $ yZfii 3 Uowa }e%eQ e0. I 1 e"36 y5: oiqwgggggl t; K12 iiioeiif JZmeiqi, Nwihmli, e.__
t1 .

_ercentersQ92wes oneu larenoe known SmiEKoware,g}eo 132 mitt "?udoin" who wee a former"nenberanti-white overtones.

that tn

-0 iginal

leader of

indootrineted tneee
ideology with

youths in

the pereerteo
with four

in New York City has 31, 1965, gosh acourt incarcerated on May eostpone and ue are still ordered waiting tria which been to psychiatric examination of &#39; Following the /Ere. jailing of

arrested for

felonious eesault

Joware and

HQI ioro oi Muslim


Howell were

youthful "Five

Percentere"

Jowere and one wit "Hebeke", Howell Eugenggqggte, aka a male Negro age 22, assumed e leadershi op ition EEe "Five*Peroenters".
However, on August 29,
or one

1965, white

wee arrested
end is

for selling

merijueneto one

sentencing after having entered guilty a

gang members

p1eaLy:3

ourrently eweiting

;
-2~
-I

aawem j 1 2
.

Five Percenters Racial Matters


4 J -I

A characterization

of the

N01 is

attached hereto

and all

information in the past yu92


n Hovember l, 1965, this sane

sources therein

have furnished

reliable

source advised

that on

i J

October 19, 1965, White was sentenced to two the Bronx County Supreme Court, New York, on

years in prison by the above mentioned advised that the

-0

chargeiye
maning of
On October

"Five Percent

15, 1965,

is that

this source

85% of the Negroes

are cattle

who Just follow along, 10% are Uncle Toms while the remaining 5%, which they represent, are the real leaders of the Negro people. The Muslim type of indoctrination whieh they receive,
in addition to the adoption of a Muslim name, is of the questions and answers put out by the NOI new members must learn. This list of questions
I

the memorization and whizh their and answers

appears to
under the

have originated
name of Clarenc

with Jowars,
lI Smith and

who was an NOI member


undoubtedly obtained

it when joined NOI%~{ he the


This source further advised located they cannot be have

&#39;
about

that the

"Five Percenters"

92 L
I I 4? F .1, 1

have been responsible for numerous assaults and nuggings, chiefly aimed at whites on the fringe area of Harlem. However, if a
white victim no reservation

choosing a

Negro victim.

They have

also caused

a great

deal of

trouble in schools, chiefly Madison Avenue and 120th

Junior High School number 120 at Street in Harlem, where they disrupt

classes, demand to be called by assaulted some teachers. Since and White they have no overall
each other in uslim type

their Muslim names and have the Jailing of Jowars, Howell leadership although they instruct
the practice of judo and

ideology and

karate. They

yards andPublic parks. Although some members of "Five the


Percenters may . have access to
Ir -

have no

meeting place

other than

the street,

school

weapons, there

is nothing

-3-

-&#39;1

_i._

Five Peroenters Racial Matters

to indicate that this gang weapons stored in Harlem.

that they train

in garrotting

is armed Also, there

or hand to hand killing methods[uq


of the "Five Peroenters"

or has a cache is nothing

of arms to indicate

and

i J 92 4.

Although the

general attitude

is one of anti-white, there is no definite policy or program of violence against whites other than the above mentioned assaults and muggings. The gang has never engaged in any pre-meditated attack on a police officer and the one incident involving an assault of a police officer in which they were involved grew

out of a disorderly conduct arrestKy9292


This source further advised

that the

"Five Peroenters"

c 1

Incorporated g ml!, Action Movement RAM!, the IncorOrganization of Afro-Americanindividual Unity, porated OAAU ,Revolutionary arrested in or with1965Castroite the for attempting to blowup the Stat of Liberty, Cubans or Chinese Communistsjii,!
Characterizations of
are attached hereto and

are not

known to

have any

direct ties

with the

N61, Muslim

Mosque,

the MMI, OAAU, and RAMQ


all sources therein _ _ I"

have furnished
._:92 4.

reliable information

in the

pas A.
J

e/E
r

92

In

-4-

-.

.."&#39;

&#39;1Ff . Pnrclrntc
Ra$il latter;

1":
92.

APPENDIX 1.

EU51_M9QEi_lN9R?@3$?D ll
Times," a
contained

The March 13, 196M edition of "The New York daily newspaper published in New York, New York,
an article

MALCOLM LITTLE!, K 196%, publicly


4

Nation of Islam N01! who brcke with the NOI on March 8, 196M, that he had formed the Muslim Mosque, Incorporated MMI
only, financed by voluntary contributions. announced in New York City on March 12, !

former national official

on page 20

which

indicated

of the

that

The MMI, according to the article, would be a broadly based politically oriented black nationalist movement for Negroes statement, MALCOLM urged Negroes to abandon the doctrine X of non-violence when it is necessary to defend themselves in the civil rights struggle, and he also suggested that in time of emergencies

In this public

5-

Negroes form rifle

clubs to protect
in areas

unable or unwilling them.9292 toprotect


Incorporation papers of the MMI filed
State

wher

their

the government is

lives

and property

196a, with the Business Section, Clerk of Courts, New York County, New York, New York, reflect that the MMI was

on March 16,
the

incorporated under the Religious


of New York to work for

the imparting

Corporation Law t

of the Islamic

Faith and Islamic Religion

be loosed Borough inthe ofManhattan, New New York, Yorkiygw


Io

Islamic principals.

The principal place of worship to

in accordance with "accepted

contained
indicated

The May 23, 196R edition of the "New York Amsterdam News," a weekly Negro newspaper published in New York City,
an article
that he

by columnist JAMES
heard that

BOOKERin which he
by MALCOLM X

had

the

visit

him become re1igiousQ9;92 to more


with the Islamic
New York

with

Muslim leaders

during

his African

tour has changed source


with the affiliation

On October 6, 196%, a confidential


advised that the MMI is apparently affiliated true orthodox Islamic Religion through its Drive,

on Islamic the Religioa92 &#39;


City. he only teachings
F It

Foundation

of

New York!, 1

Riverside
the MMI are

of

-and

.-

2 _ vz; Pcr*-.er~. ..e:., -- 2 !Lttcr-

APPENDIX 2.

&#39;mSL i__M.$QE4e._I @329 TED LWI l


2

that the

headquarters of

This confidential

the MMI are located


Avenue, New

source advised

on May 17, 196 5,

in Suite

128

Hotel Theresa,
a-__:;92 ai &#39;.

where they

headquarters arewas also OrganizationK shared the headed by sf Afr0with American Unity DAAU! which MALCOLM X
& MALBOLM
while addressing

were established

2090 Seventh

on March 195$. These 16,

York New

York,

M X was assassinated on February 21, 1965


rally at the Audubon Ballroom,

-. . - -J _4 . .~; 1. . P a e -.. ,1. &#39; I._&#39;-h. .&#39; ~ ZEL;/_,-t; .1 _>_7 _&#39; r_>. -"./- _&#39;

Broadway and 166th Street,New Ya:-rk cit},-[vq

an OAAU

I .7}: _&#39; .,,_ _ {H _ _. -..-_~ __;/ l 1 >_ ,_e _ Q ,_.. .- r" *1 .,-. . " ail. ,s .1 _ *1 __._,4 , . ,,v $3 1

1| n

- ""?ive Pnrcenters
-- I .iI; K tber-

1; APPENDIX
NATION OF ISLAM

has described

In January,

&#39;Nstion or andMuhsmmsd s Temples Islam of Is1am.QoJ!


On May 7, 1965, a second
national leader

his organization

195?, a source

on a nationwide

advised ELIJAH

basis

MUHAMMAD
as the

source advised
of the Nation

_ . ~.. F _ . L. ., 1*._ 1- ~; 9 f~- t-A2 .-T* v "F 1 92 In _-- I ,.,_ _ -&#39;. ~_ . 3 i-. .1 1;Ff, -_ w ~&#39;* ; 1? . ;

ELIJAH MUHAMMAD is the

national headquarters

of Islam N01!; Muhammad&#39;s Temple of Islam Number 2, 5335 South Greenwood Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, is the-

and other NOI officials, when referring to Muhammad&#39;s orgenizai on a nationwide basis, commenced using either Mosque or
The N01 is an all-Negro organization which was

of the

N01; and in mid-1960 Muhammad

Tsmple when mentioning oneMuhammad&#39;s of Temples Islamhiiu of


in 1930 in Detroit, Michigan. MUHAMAD

A -4

claims to have been selected by Allah, the Supreme Being, to lead the so-celled Negro race out of slavery in the wilderness of North America by establishing an independent
black nation

originally organized

-o_I&#39;_, s...

because of

believe there is no such thing as a Negro; the so-called Negroes are slaves of the white recs; referred to as "white devils," in the United States; and the white race,

MUHAMMAD&#39;s teachingshis and

in the

United States

interpretation of

Members following

the Koran

andbe will
d that

its exploitation

destroyedthe approaching of in "War Armageddon p_!


past, officials the Selective
have refused

of the

so-called Negroes,

must

In the
declar

and members of the Eervice Acts


to register to the

ROI,

provisions of

including MUHAMMAD,

-. _ _ A ,_ < &#39;v:.=92. Y &#39;~+;<}; ~ :1-&#39; -._.s_&#39;a | . . ;. e 0 J A _,._,___ &#39; .: , v; . , ~-~ Q-"__ x -..4q,;a-. 1 I -92 9222 e, ;.>=:

V On

Ststesi&92
had, upon
statements and

members owe no allegiance

and have

under the United

May 5, l958,the first


instructions to

source advised
his ministers

MUHAMMAD _
personal possible

advice of

legal counsel,

tempered his

concerning the

prosecution by
not indicate

principles of

his organization

his orgenizatioh ysw


had, early in July, l95,
religious aspects
the economic b nefits

any fundamental

the United

States Government; however, he did


changes in the teachings or

in order

to avoid

On May 3, 1965

a third
to be

E $ ;.

of the

teachings of

decided to de-emphasize the


Islsm and to stress
derived by

source advised

MUHAMMAD
who

Joined NOIik?92 the

those Negroes

>-

q.

rat

,,_.

"Y" L -_r_n
-~ ._

r-&#39;pQ92-1| an fut!
--4-7w -

1. APPENDIX
GYGANIZATION or
.

AFRO-AMERICAN

W &#39;1&#39;l1&#39;i INQQRPOEATEP LWMLL! __,


leader of
announced the

the Muslim action

On June

28, 1963,

1 V 92 _

i. K Iv:H

of Afro-American This announcement

civil rights

formation of

Mosque, Incorporated
a new,

MALCOLM X LITTLE, founder

MMI in the Au bonEsllroom,


A printed
DAAU aims read by on the

Unity OAAU!, with himself was made st a public rally

group to

be known as the

all Negro,

{MMI!, publicly
militant

and

New York CityiQ92


that it in the after the
and sisters

Broadway and 166th Street,


statement of basic

as Chairman. held by the

Organization

and published
MALCOLM X at this African continent.

meeting indicates

shall include "all" people Western Hemisphere, as well as letter and

of African descent "our" brothers


It is patterned

African Unity
.a-&#39; n..e _.: -

at A dis Ababa, Ethicpia, in May, 1963.&i:!


A recording of the remarks of

established by

spirit" of

African

the Organization

h ads

of States!

of

MALCOLM X at
is to can work

re
fa -57-I" --v _,r I ; Z

this meeting indicates that the aim eliminate differences between Negroes

of theOAaU so they

together for "human rights," while the initial objective is to "internationalize" the American civil rights movement by taking it to the United Nations. LITTLE condemned
the non-violent Negroes should

3&#39;1 I E
&#39;3:

and if necessary. The egrces of ed cation,

civil rights be taught

,1, .-Mr .1:

social reformEk9292
On May 17, 1965,

OAAU will sponsor politics, culture,

movement and claims that to protect themselves, when

a program for economics, end

New York CityT92


while addressing

that the headquarters of the UAAU are located quarters, Sui e 128, Hotel Theresa, 2099 7th

e confidential

source advised

_
-

in MMI headAvenue,

MALCOLM X was assassinated


an OAAU rally at

New York k8Q3 Cit

the Audubon
9292

on February

Ballroom,

21, 1965,

bl! -u- 505150

.; -v

2.; 1?
i"92&#39;!&#39;3. |"&#39;92lT I&#39;VE ! A ? AT A . unumw J. u us ru: -

QNITY, Wto9RPO3H
92 92 &#39;1

advised

On April 13, 1965, a second confidential source that on March 26, 1965, the OAAU filed a Certificate
with the Department of State, State of
York, and henceforth the organizabe Organization of Afro-American

of Incorporation

_-_ -1 10vi J . .

Unity; Incorporated.Q~ 92

New York, Albany, New tion&#39;s true name will

&#39;5! ,.

92s

2
51

-Qa

" :i!,

-.! I a:t&#39;r.ti;I#

ER:.1G...; .A.

1. APPENDIX

BuptUTlQNRY,aQTIQN MOVEMENT On November 3, 196k, a source made available a document entitled The Revolutionary Action Movement Manifesto,"
the document
individual kno
is-is-&#39; 4,.>_v._ _._,,, ~.> -.. . .1. I -__, -1$5 _ ,_ _ 4-" _ . "1 92_- :15 - I

having been
to

obtained

by the
of the

source from
Revolutionary Action

an

Movement RAM! {u]


This document stated, in

be a member

part, that

RAM was officially

organized in
the revolutionary

the winter Cuba, and


liberation of

of 1963 his concept

by Afro-Americans
ROBERT F.
disclosed that

who support violence to


people in
RAM had

objectives of
This Manifesto

WILLIAMS, now the


oriented

residing in
achieve the
United States,

of organized

the Afro-American

._ 92p_

I >1
,... . "1 1-

~-

its program to one of education the organization of a "black"

-2 &#39;

objectives, having

recognized the

and political political party

need for

a "black

revolution and with revolutionary


is described that is,

revolution"
world

that could and would in this document as

seize power. RAM philosophy one of revolutionary nationalism,

one involving the struggles of the nonwhite races of the against exploitation and enslavement by the white capitalist

and imperialistnations{@oF}
august 28, issuance of Cuba, where
North Carolina, Prosecution for

Regarding WILLIAMS, it should 1961, a Federal warrant was


charging him with Unlawful the crime of kidnapping.

be noted issued at

that on Charlotte,
the

Flight to Avoid Subsequent to

21 " 3- ""&#39; W; I7 . ..v ~_. I1, or-*&#39; -. 2 ~. :4 . . ".-,a :_ l-!

To-V _ V.

"The Crusader"Havana lox from


This source in September,
of the the overthrow

this warrant, WILLIAMS fled the United he now publish a monthly newsletter 196M, advised
capitalist system

states to entitled RAM is


in the

dedicated to

United States, by a socialistic interpretation of


in membership,

by violence if necessary, and to its replacement system oriented toward the Chinese communist Marxism-Leninism. RAM is entirely nonwhite
clandestine in nature, and owes its primary

allegiance to

of the world rather than toany national entity, as suchQ3~!


On November 16, 196%, s second source advised
organization

the "Bandung

world," that

is, the

nonwhite races he

92 w H _.

learned recently

from an

RAM member

that the

began in Detroit, Michigan, DOE FREEMRN, described as

largely under the impetus of the "Father" of RAM and referred -;Q &#39;

to

w Pt e;c~;.te:. 1I
$u&m4 K;LcT;

_g; APPENDIX
REVOLUTIONARY ACTION movenzur

as RAM&#39;s "Black Stalin." FREEMAN served as RAM Chairmen, with MAXWELL STANFORD, now of New York City, formerly of
-Q

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as serving HAM Field Chairman y.!


This source stated in
as such, and has

&#39;

May, 1965,
for RAM directed the

there has such a


policies and to the
and some

been no dominant role

formal headquarters,

but that

headquarters

have been
&#39;=f..&#39;= al-0-&#39;_ L 3 .5

with FREEMAN since he

has played

activities of organization1E_w the


within recent
dissension within RAM has

in the

leadership of

months, according
become evident

second source,
dissatisfaction

with FREEMAN&#39;s leadership has


-35.1 -.;_, .. , . c_;,__

ever, he remains titular leader RAM.Q.92 the of


and membership in several active in
of the

arisen. So

fr

as is

known, how-

RAH has organized uniis the organization


cities in the United

T0 date, according to the second source in May, 1965,


of the larger
and

new members expand sphere of influence oL.] and its

is currently

States east

MississiPPi River

attempt ng

to recruit

r
._ : -1 -P

92 92"92 ,

5.,-_ J 92-92-T- Z --1.-.&#39; , K . . !_

. &#39;-

. q _

:3 .
5

-11.
1

92_

m ...

nmssmn, FLI
SAC
92 r

00-mm63<! 11,4,,-135

"5"" Y9 "15 5--&#39;0! Q.., ._..=.,...-..-m munmtn


IIEH YCRK!

AU. 92&#39;=&#39;wl};{;? AllUN wnlww


UHlL-1 &#39;1-15 " -"&#39;" iF l"* fT
_

.. 155.1
0:

5 *aka--~ ! 4-| I-.92 Rv...1>:5Edi : IE B HE??i11iSliUlA92H I111 lR 13"


as CLAREH E iif

hi H3
i 1
w >
;"WT! F -

Title n@rked&#39;@hanged %o nnuw lubject&#39;: true name an CLARENCE EDWARD SMITH an rcflectad by military

records. Title
JOHLRS -Eka

1 L
,.

Clarence 13: Smith; ET . vq AL


ReNY1ets to

previouaiy carried

10/19/E5, and

t;

L@u1e letter

the Bureau

es an: Bureau, 19/22/5

dated 9/1?/B5,

and

I
&#39;
Pi ..

F advised s; New York State


on 10/??fEj
.Eiubject enntinues to
-0 GU-1&#39;13 OD

r
,Part
be

30 man

wf rig, /L2
1

Hospitdl, FYC, an $9,509.00 bond-La.


,nub

He statedIuuld he advise of outcome:na&#39;:te the of this ins ituticm. 5


former lember
For the

insme and will be

committed to a mental

ect will

be adjudged

of the

iI1.f0I1n-&#39;;=&#39;h .0n of icimorli, subject

Nation or

Islam ROI!
/"-92

in IYC.

He was

is a

.____! -, .~_ F :-

@/-~ nmmrzsmcs Bureau Jnanmm,


2- Ricmnond

k_.J

ex anew cALLE.1: "FIVE PERCERTERS",

cw? 57-11289! a-man, we, 5/31/65.! DI:&#39;5T&#39;u"F:B ,arms? cmzzr J *?m. L"I. !5:"-1*; rx.acmm=;:==s 1:
9292
1- lei York

1- es

York

mac 5/31/65!

T!

r I

/5 7_
rjq

P1 ... -&#39;&#39;-=&#39;~?
Z --OT HL_;.[:gg~.-~-_;

H - -.._.,__

D Q

NY 100-1.50529

Peres youth gaaginHarlem ofllYC.cr...92 the auction- torn , 1 leg:-o group called
Sub
19 5 1-3?

arrelted

of a

on 5/31/65,

the " ve

by the HYCPD an being the ringleader

at

Danville

LEHD:
RICHKCND

_..__a43,1114 yqggggg

givenbirth and at full

maul urn.-|q~lFur via, 54.4,;

AT DANVILLE VQEQINLA. W111

J.I-LJ.A|..|L.n-114.415 92vAavuv

#92-|--.- -i&#39;Tlnr-nf nnh

name pax92ents.c92_g..&#39;! of

Inf": unw

check birth

hf 92 1&#39;!7I1&#39;.Yk mamas Vb nun-1 woo QQIJn l h-

records

- -2 :3. 9 "5 .-he -. ;-_s~-

Q ._ -H?

1; s. >- ,.

Q20:

"la-

In "8

4-&#39;:&#39;~URe92 4,3 -E5

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.&#39;_o

ti.4.: Earle: e

r eferrei to

above, consists
area of New York

of rumors
City will

ginor accident .
wherein

Watts r efers to
a racial

which will riot occurred

make "watts
that area

appear to
Angeles, in Harlem

be

of Los

;55!. Allegedly
the existence oz

there is
" pe grou

1ncreesed apprehension
of Negroes gang which
rV I

during the

Summer of

geinst the whites&:g; 92


-A~&#39;_ ~&#39;--~~ ~51 nor cooo_,-_o e o_ the

orcenters", a

Ear em

street

known as the "Five advocates violence

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cont is

ains neither
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recoxgendations
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ELI an;

er: ho:

&#39; ~._ _ .*>*-,_,,&#39; ~._..:.., " to Q- o-eo._.oeo outside

your agency.

Re: Possible
Major Urban Racial Matters

Racia_ cL=ncc
Areas

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"?&#39;92&#39;--,."""&#39;r&#39; -,"-T&#39;rr&#39;-E Q. U ...._s er@s *L "allegedly

are making

efforts to

been sponsored

by tne

Un;tec Block

;ssocations UBA!

Corps wnich

group has

of Harlem

..~

the troun;e

_statea tnau

on ~anua"y

15, 19am,

0*: no occasion was it said


would be caused by the
,t;e Deacons f"om the

1-"""*~..4 S

Five Pe

centers

v;cinit of

;:reet J92

129th Sree,

ana the

Dragons" from

aroqna l&Oth

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J ,.*

Y~&#39; " -...Veceeuae

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the Youth Cadet Corps, formed


ELL, a legitimate social

arena" work*r~ &#39; to aidand train P=:lex Harlem youths. 23:7/ the Ybuth Cadet Corps groups have * b92.~...-5 D; I2./..-;&#39; O1"; &#39;" ~ iiforms and sporting equipment ?7; SQEHE .L<=.-gE *"*"
and he is

trying to take overthese groups{};

concerned 2&1:

the Five

Percenters" are

allegedly

xx. 1; -Ti i~.-+@ &#39; .e 92-/L. _,

02;

I
190e, or
F/ vs

trouble an this or

any @403

the Five

azy future dateQg.]

Percenters had.plans

To devzenp

to cause

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the Xegro

funds.

y nth

ta ~=t
bud J5

The purpcse

cff streets
sf the . Cadet CoLps

o_

eni interested
not in

eiet Corps

is to

in prdguetive

influence

.70; __--4

endeavors. szxe to have join e

.uU w fix; 4&#39;2". r . "I

successful "Five ?ercenter&#39;s" to quit association that grc>u;Q..>.,,~!


ominate it. in fact that the UB3 has been
I

sports and

other ""~ ~""

but do

Five Percenters are known and have pertiaipeteu in its

any way

control or

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leader 0
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charges

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again:

lt hii

NYC and was found "uuaable to mmderatand the

appeared in

ew Ybrk Stait

Subject remandedthe ~ was to custody


Hygiene fur

anindefinite con1nenent 9_ 92. 7

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represents alocal police prob1em,"the-NYO is conducting no
further investigation.
advised to be
be reopened u

Inasmuch as the
alert for

agiitiee nimxhe Five Percenters


of and

A i""=&#39; .

All pertinent
activities
i

NY sources have been


information on this
_

~. ,. _ v_~

between theqleno organization, this will any subversive matter

group and information is if developed reflecting a link

._ __V =--&#39;1&#39;!-2
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UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT

or JUSTICE

Eg;%5? FEDERAL
e . _,

3. ha ;.E."}

BUREAU OFINTESTIGATIDN
New York
I __ _ _v

1;; R$.I>=w Rowe December 1965 29, M &#39; v"e&#39; &#39;j E@ Lf&#39;TTT?E frfx . J -_ " -.. ....-;c ..92._.: _"$&
" &#39; F&#39;w.z?*m
&#39; " _

New York,

--_~.

,. .4

ll

_7

~"*1c 5

--b*&#39;* ;":d Racial MattersQ nl F &#39;* ug} P &#39;*_&#39;$w=*;L


1 ;~ *_? live eroente e

above and dated November 3, 1965


dated November 21, 1965 at New

Reference is

made to the

at New

memorandum captioned

York, and

a memorandum

as

ll
92 < ..

Violence, Major Urban Areas, Racial Metters Q9M92


During familiar with November who are
the Nation of Islam area of N01!, Muslim
and Cuban

York captioned

"Possible Racial

.sources

and December, 1965, numerous confidential activities in the New York City
Mosque, Incorporated
matters advised that
?

&#39; nationalist,

MHZ!, Organization Afro-American mtters, of Revolutionary Action Movement RAM!, Unity, IncorporatedAAU!,/ racial black ;
Chinese Communist

L Percenters these and organizetionscik92


;Characterizations
-informetio. Harlem area
and RAM are attached hereto ~ P Qtiai

with the

below exception

they knew

f no

link between

the Fivg
F
v H. - 92 .. P I-.I3

of theNOI, MM1, OAAU jugii


M Eyou s in the Five Percenters;
list

lncicating at a number o iegro of New York City, who claim to be

g
." _ ,..,_ K. 92-I =2. LA

are affiliating and hanging around with Negro playwright_Leroi Jones and his Black Arts Repetory Theater, a black nation
" "~I I""&#39;1J/ ., -- J&#39;--o&#39;rd_&#39; D1-fr
an- &#39; &#39;-

Q. 53S;;g;t?~iF l* in I-Ierlec: W, E; }_}%e8_{Q&#39;ou ,&#39;J opere;t:eo:1:?&#


n Y"

~;- iwerkgr bqroi =* 1 _ 1F

*3 :

e"".

r;;... ~*&#39;
_h7" 1,.

Jones "e

HZ: 70
_&#39;J

Play for

Cuba Committee

FPCC

9292. -/

Grou I
Exci o o from

y &#39; kH L
autom ic

7 -. ~. /~ *,-q-11 Q -

down ading
dec sification

and

This document

contains neither

recommendations nor

conclusions of

FBI.

It is

the property

of the

FBI and

is loaned

to your

agency;

the

i 92 1|

W _._____, _ 0

_ 1. ____ _ w_. ____ ,_

|,

|,

,__,,._.

,.,,. ,_._,.4,.@. ._-.-_-.92.4.--~_.,..._.,-..-.-H. ----~.<

Q
o,;." 1E._.!"
Five Percenters

The August the "Buffel !!!I 5, 1961; of edition


Courier Express , a daily Buffalo, New
York newspaper, page four of the Jones at a public the headquarters contained an article on appearance by Leroi meeting held in of the Workers World

to this

Party WWP!, 831 Main Street, Buffalo, New York on August 4, 196%. According
article Jones urged Negroes
from "the disassociete themselves

to stop
of

American

way of life had


and he

life", to

quit their for the

Jobs, to Negro
the

voting and asserted that

to steel food to live. He the the American way

done nothing
predicted that

racial strife

in the
worse. He

nation would
was further

grow increasingly
quoted in

article as

stating: "I

am in

trouble

because I d tell any son of mine not to fight in any of these silly were going on and I&#39;d tell my children to deep e everything this country stands

for.%J92 c
Characterizations of

/i
the FPCC and the

UWWP are attached heretoQ$:!


During November
sources familiar with activities in the

and December, 1955, numerous


New York City ares

of the or 0

NOI, MI, er racist

DAAU, RAM, black nationalist group scheduled to take

and racial place on January 15,

matters advised that they knew nothing concerning any planned or rumored violence or disturbance by the Five Percenters

l955 *--92 l,

or to

develop any

mm, W 197$
trouble

tion that
on this or any

the Five
other specific da

had pleps

to cause

in the past 92.92.92

A sources herein have furhished reliable I!H! info Eiii &#39; cons EN"I IAL
_ 2 -jai

.o

-.__i_-i_._i_i_ii-,ii i__i_i_e_ii _ .
L

Y1-in Bureaus!

&#39;

1, APPENDIX raga PLAY EQR_CUA_COMITTEE

Times" newspaper

The April 6, 1960,edition of "The New J iiiiiiiiht York


contained a page full
of the

captioned "What Is Really Happening In Cuba, placed by a


ene Fair Play for Cuba Committee
intended
Cuba" to

advertisement

race!, Ihie
FPCC in

advertise-

ment announced

the formation

New York distorted

City

and declared
about revoluticna

the FPCC

to promulgate
neutralize the

"the truth

American prees }AF3


H

The New

York Times"

edition of

January

ll,

1961, reported
United States

that

at a hearing

conducted before
Security Subcommittee of the

the
on FPCC. He

Senate Internal

January l0,
$l o . ~ 1 __-1. __~

1961, Dr,

CHARLES5AN$O-BUCH Ac

identified

himself and

ROBERT TAEEB as organizers

mentioned advertisement.%ie 3
I

also testified he and TABER obtained Government which were ap ied toward 5 On May 16,
the first two years

funds from the Cuban the cost of the aforethat during


a

1963,
of the

a source

advised

FPCC&#39;s existence there was

r_4-_nn.

struggle between communist Party CP! and Socialist workers Barty SW?! elements to exert their power within the FPCC
and thereby during the influence FPCC pglicy. This source added that past year there had been a successful effor by
to minimize the role of these and other FPCC leadership

3. ....3 i-_-.~-1. Q-

L:=.~~. 1

May, 1963, negligibleCkI92 was


_ Executive Order 1045o g;!
On Hay 20, 1963,
policy and

organizations in

the FPCC

so that their

influence as

of

The SH? has been designated pursuantto


a second source advised
that he that LEE

_
1
;

VINCENT "TED" LEE, FPCCNational Office


formulating FP6C

Director, was

that

then
1
1

had indicated

had no

intention of
any other

permitting FPCC
organization. This

policy

to be

determined by of

source atated

believed

and should

diplomatic relations between Cuba United Staten and the 1 a ppo the right of Cubans to manage their ; revolution uicnce interierence iron other nations, 1 lEE did not advocate supporting revolution per the Cuban aging?

that the

FPCC should

advocate resumption

92

_n
, i

_3_

4 i~i_ 1..

4" _ 4 t _ ,i-. .,_.,.-__.,-.._~A .-...= es-.,._,.-..4._--;-.2 -, -,.92,_ .-1. 1- ;

*t.,
av

E tnuu;ailL111
APPENDIX

Aa

giyill &#39;UlB lIi

F131 ePI=e;P0&_e!-{B-A<69!-liiBilrliHL eomtmie


%imee" reparte that Eenater THGEAS J, D033 of Cenneetieut had called PPCC "the chief public relation: instrument of
w

.&#39;I he 23, 1963, November edition of "The New G York


DODD wasmember of the a
in the United States."

that Senator

the CASTRO network

Subcomitteex yhich twice conducted hearing:. anthe FPCC pL92


World Telegram its prime ship of span of

Senate Internal

It

is tc

be noted

Security

The December 27, 1963,


nd Sun"

CASTRU FPCC was deeking

newspaper

edition of
stated that

"The New York


the pro-

to go

out of

business and

that

and the direction or illegal travel-to-Cuba


life wee

activity uring pro-CASTRO street

attributed to

an active propaganda mill highlighting eampaigns. Its comparatively brief


meunting anti-GAsTBO

ita lifetime rallies and

had been epe Bermesa picket lines,

American

public opinion,
elesed FPCC
=; .- t !.~~ ,t

and ultimately, from discloeure

financing by

the 162

Congressional hearings

the bad publicity which the FPCC received of activities on 1ts,behe1f by auspected

CASTRO&#39;s United Nations Delegation,

which die

presidential assassin, IEEKH. OSWALDQ9,>


second source

On February 6, IQEH, the previdusly


advised that Y. T.

organize another orgqnizationIy1 similar


&#39;4$

that the FPCC wee eead and that there eeee no

LEE hadireeently

mentione r

plane to

remarked

that theFPCC had dissoltedkgixt been

there had not been any FPCCactivity

, On

April 13, 1961+, it third Bungee advised that


in qany months and

U, w A2

J $

gnzg. X "
92-

7-

&#39; K. ;.

>

_. ,_

__ _, _ _, __,.92=,__ -,,_.92____

W-

--_,..--_..-92w.r~_-._.-.._-.~,.-Q-u,.-->--.-_~.92..~ -, Iy|"92 -

G
t lilo Iiresnolru

1ii 92 4&#39;.

,_

/,

1.

El- 3U&#39;i_I?i ?
The March 13, 196%, edition of "The New York daily newspaper published in New York, New York, en ertiele on page 26 which indicated that

"lllillu l!i
of the Nation MMI!.

Times", e eonteineo

MAL OIMiX LITTLE!,

L ".. I . 4;

he had formed the Muslim Mosque, Incorporated


according
oriented

of Islam N01! who broke with the no: on March B, 196%, publicly announcedin NewYork City on March 12, 1963, that
to the article, would be a broadly
movement for black nationalist Negroes, only,

former national official

based politically

The MEI,

financed by voluntary contributions, In this public statement, MALCOLM urged Negroes to abandon the doctrine X of non~ violence when it is necessary to defend tnemeelvee in the civil rights struggle, and he also suggested that Negroes form rifle clubs to protect their lives and property in time or emergencies in areas where the government is unable or

unwillingto protect them.Qe>92


Incorporation
196%, with
County, New York,

papers or the MMI filed


Clerk
that

on March

16,

the Business Section,


New York, reflect

of Courts,
the

New York

MMI was

-er-=

- J? __,:f..
no

one Islamic Religion


principals",

ioeorporated under the Religious Sorporetioo lee of the State of New York to work for the imparting of the Islamic Faith

in eocor ance with "accepted Islamic


place of wor hip to be

5* gig}
IA

tintheBoroughManhattan; York, YorkQ5, of New New


contained indioateo an article by oolumnist that he had nearo that JAMES BOOKER in which the visit ty HALEGLH X

The principal

located

The May 23, 196b, edition or the New York Amsterdam Hews , a weekly Negro newspaper published in New York City,
he with

Muslim leaders
in

during
hie

his

African

tour has changed him tn


and to become more

become soft

anti-white

feelings

rellgiOUs{&;;92
the MI is apparently affiliated

L
sourie advised
with the&#39;true orthodox 92

Islamic throughide Drive, NewYork Cit , E ia g Religionits affiliation Islamic A_ with the Foundation of NewYork!, 1 River
that

on October 6, 196%, a confidential

Theteachings on Islamic f only of MMI the Re1igion{_ theare

&#39; av

_,

c 1
y 7 e-:9 &#39; Q

1: ,live

Inrenntnan

Q.

?&#39;F~I5Pl_M, 3e .l&#39;E5" * ImQ39Mm! " l3 e !Q59


that the headquarters of
This confidential
2090 Seventh

the MMI are located


Avenue, New

source advised

on May 17, 1965,

in Suite

128,

Hotel Theresa,

York, New

York,

where they

were established
shared with

on March

16, 1963,

These
01 giro-America

headquarters are

Unity, Incorporated was also OAAU! whichheaded by MALCOLM XT


MALCOLM X was assassinated
while addressin an OAAU rally at the

the Grganizaiion

on February

21, 1965,

,Broadway and l th Street, New c1ty{&k92 York


This same confidential source advised on

Audubon Ballreom,

September B, 1965, that

!!l

5 &#39; the latter part of July, 1965, when they were discontinued.
f Since then, the MMI has held no meetings and there has been
&#39;9292

% self protection,

classes Islamic religion class in the and e in Judofor


These classes were held regularly until

the death

of MALCOLM

X were

the activities
limited to

of the

the teaching

MMI following
of

absolutely no activ ty by the cdmgletely "dead". UQX "E


e 1

MMI which

appears

ts be

ii 3

F 92

vO ;j"_ _
i_..92 ..,,

6 II
... -l ...__,,. ..._,..

.awn

in win

n1:-wwIr*vg-1 b 92 --1-l._~_-.4-92..~ ..~

W -.~|.|_u_.._v_. ~-_.._~, 9. -.,_ ,4

x
.-""p-ii ;
-.1 j . 4

,
n Dgsnnun

C 0

1; APPENDIX

i~TsT l0N CF lSLA} ~i


In January, 195?, a source advised

5
as the 2,
is the

ELIJAH MUHAMMAD

has described

Nation ofIslam andMuhammad&#39;sIslam{Q;! of Temples


Oh May 7, 1965, s second
national leader

his organization

on a

nationwide bssis

source advised
of the Nation

ELIJAH MUHAMMAD

is the

of Islam
5335 South

N01!; Muhammed s
Greenwood Avenue,

Temple of

Islam Number

national headquarters
-1

and other N01 officials, when referring to Muhsmmsd s_organiza&#39; on s nationwide basis, commenced using either Mosque or The ROI originally organized
claims to to lead have been the socalled

of the

NOI; and

Chicago, Illinois,

in mid-1960

Muhammad

Temple* when mentioningof Muhammad&#39;s gyq one Temples of Isls


is an all-Negro in 1930 organization which was in Detroit, Michigan. MUHAMMAD
the Supreme slavery in Being, the selected by Allah, Negro race out of

believe
3 &#39; -<-, I ?-J. -_

wilderness of North America by establishing an independent black nation in the United States Members following MUHAMMAD&#39;s teachings his and interpretation of the Koran

there is no

such thing

as a

Negro; the

sogcalled
toas

Negroes are
white devils, because of

slaves of
in the its exploitation

the white

recs_ referred

it U?

and will be destroyed in the approaching War ArmsgeddonlUE of

United Ststesi of the

and the white race, soca1led Negroes; must

In the past, officials and members of the NOI, including MUHAMMAD, have refused to register under the provisions of the Selective Service Acts and have declare hat members owe no allegiance to the United
I-

StatesXi;E92
had, upon
statements and

On Hey 5, l95B,the
advice of
instructions to

first source
his ministers

advised MUHAMMAD
concerning the

legal counsel,

tempered his

personal

his organization5:92
On May 3, 1965

principles of prosecution not indicate

his organization in order to avoid possible by the United States Government; however, he did any fundamental changes in the teachings of s third source

had, early in July, isi, decided

religious aspects of the teachings of the economic b nerits to be derived

mm to do-emphasisethe
advised MU Islam and to stress by those Negroes who

joined the soI?Q~.92

H-:55 EH l

,,,

._ .4-<~._,._.-. -..~- 1- v92-ml

av

Q
i iinhnmun

1. &#39;

. ",l,,i=,,i.i|H
AFRO-AMERICAN __

URGANIZATIGH GF

i
all Negro, militant

iTNI l Y, INCORj _f>HAT"E*>:_lOAA1[L


announced the
4.3-

leader of the Muslim Mosque, Incorpoyated MMI!, publi ly


formation of a new, at

On Jime 1961:, 28, r-ntczouvx 2: LITTLE, founder and


action group

of Itfrc-American
F! 1.

civil rights

Unity QAAU!,
was made

to be

with himselit
a public

known as the

as Chairman.

Organization

New York City,Qfx


A printed OAAU aims reed by

HMI in

This announcement

the Audubon Ballroom, Broadway


and published MALCOLM X st this
"all" people

end 165th

rally held

Street,

by the

statement of basic meeting indicates

. .,

in the

that

it

western Hemisphere,
on the

shall include

as well

as "our"

of African
It

brothers
is patterned

descent

and sisters

African continent.

African Unity esteblisnee {by African needs of States} at Addie Abeba, Ethiopia, in May, 1963. .92 e
.0 Q P.

after the

"letter and

spirit" of

the Organization

of

E,

A recording of the remarks of MALCOLM X t this meeting indicates that the aim of the OAAU is to eliminate differences between Negroes so they can work together for "human rights," while the initial objective
is to
,, is ale -

"internationalize" the

American civil

rights move-

ment by

4-1-92.~s U&#39; l92&#39;P92 wrln.1-92-92-F A_l*ov-I1 =JL1 ll92-J11 U v

taking it

to the

-um,-I rn #92J-Q0 rn.9211r92~:u92:-u|z92+-.r92&#39;|4!|"h1 n&#39;r92r1 L 92|&#39;CI;|-1&#39;6-192 El-U-I 92&#39;J- lnullllllii h|l.Iv@I&#39;92I~

United Nations.

LITTLE condemned

Negroes should be taught to protect themselves, when and if necessary. The OAAU will sponsor a program for Negroes of ed&#39;cation, politics, culture, economics, and

social reforn g>;9292


On May 17, 1955,

that the

querters, Suite 128, Hotel Theresa, 2090 Avenue, 7th ew YorkCitynkl


Ir

headquarters of

the OAAU are located

a confidential

source advised

in MMI heed-

while ad .I&#39;eseing anthe Audubon Ballroom, OAAU rally at


6 New York

MALCOFNwas X

assassinated on

February 21,

1965, &#39;

c1ty@

wgaze M,;

.. .. /Z e

M e<_
_ &#39;4.

>. .1--.- ___-_.e

C {uj
Hanzawnl
APPENDIX

E.

iirrm r
,_-l

"1"

P&#39;N.1&#39;1?e_, EFG &P*l ! ___.__ RP BA T31 9 l&#39;


13, _ 7 f_ On April advised that on March of Incorporation with 26, 1965, the OAAU filed the Department of State,

ORGANIZQTION OF AFRO-AMERICA.N
1955, e

Q
a Certificate State of

second canfidential henceforth the

source

<&#39;1

New Yerk, Albany, New


TTr=H "P-rr

t1an s true

81> Q

92!AA.-L3 VJ .|,L492. -I-L _V92J&l1UL792Ju &r 3

Tv92nr921~1n-- ~<r-and-.- Q I1. &#39;92

name will

York, and

be Organization

of AfrO~American

organiza-

4 Q
2&#39; 1

-9- .

Q
Y

Z
Tr

H human

~
0!?

.I

APPENDIX
a Manifesto,"
an

VP1 ?PsI>*%F2FY @229 reveee


On November 3, 196%, a source made available document entitled "The Revolutionary Action Movement
the document
individual kno

having been
to be

obtained by
a member of the

the source

from

Movement RAM!?E:92
This document stated, in

Revolutionary Action

part, that

HAM was officially

organized in
the revolutionary

the winter Cuba, and


liberation of

of 1963 his concept

by Afro-Americans
ROBERT F.
disclosed that

who support violence to


the
oriented

objectives of
This Manifesto

WILLIAMS, now people in


RAM had

residing in
achieve the
United states.

of organized

the Afro-American

its program to one of education and political revolution and the organization of a "black" political party with revolutionary

objectives, having

recognized the

need for

a "black

revolution

that could and would in this document as

seize power. RAM philosophy one of revolutionary nationalism,

is described that is,

one involving
~.";

the struggles

of the

nonwhite races
by the

of the

world

against exploitation

and imperialist nations&8;92


Regarding WILLIAMS,
4 .&#39;

and enslavement it should

white capitalist that on

be noted Flight to

August 28,
North Carolina,

1961, a

Federal warrant

was issued

at Charlotte,
Avoid

charging him

with Unlawful

1: I i

-92 j"<5 -re __L _-

Prosecution for the crime issuance of this warrant,

Cuba, where he now

"ihe crusader" HavanaEoa92 from


This source in September,
of the the overthrow capitalist system

publish s

of kidnapping. WILLIAMS fled

a monthly

newsletter entitled

Subsequent to the the United States to

1963, advised

RAM is
in the

ii ; , .
92 i
I I 92

dedicated to
-~.

United States, by violence if necessary, by a socialistic system oriented toward interpretation of Marxism-Leninism. RAM
in membership, clandestine in nature, and

and to its replacement the Chinese communist is entirely nonwhite


owes its primary

allegiance to

of the world rather to national than any entity, as suchQo=


On November 16, 196M,
learned recently from an RAM

the "Bandung

World," that

is, the

nonwhite races he of

s second

source advised
the organization

member that

began in

DON FREEMAN, described as

Detroit, Michigan,

the "Father"

largely under

of RAM and referred


U

the impetus

to

0 1,0 Q M

rrm.

,
_, I

cg ,4

Yaw 5104*-exzten

g; APPENDIX

PEY9EU?9N?Y $?IF> _ M@92rEr- es


as RAM*s
- &#39; ,6 4! 14:, &#39;-&#39;-4%?" I _-:_r "ht; V, . &#39; &#39;-.-&#39;1 7 *3 A0?":-*&#39; .-

"Black Stalin."

FREEMAN served

as RAM

Chairman,

with MAXWELL STANFORD, now of New

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, serving as RAM Field Cha1rmsnQ,]


This source stated ;n
as such,

York City,

fcrmerly of

"

May, 1965, there has been no


for HAM but that headquarters
a dominant and role

formal headquarters,

activities of organ1zatisniyQ92 the


within recent months, according
become evident

have been with FREEMAN since in the leadership of and has

he has played such d rested the policies

to the
and some

second source,
dissatisfaction

-1- ,> 1.

dissension within

RAM has

with FREEMAN&#39;s rship has lea

ever, he rmains the titular


RAM hasorganized units
cities in the United

leader of sAm19292
the second
sf the

arisen. So

far

as is

known, how~

To date.

according to
States east

endimembership in several of
active in attempting to

source in

May, 1955,

1 hlssissippi Rtver

the larger
4 d

an

,_.i..&#39; :-

the organization

new members expand sphere of influence{?~92 ans its

is currently

recruit

;*:".; ""_
s. _ _. ,_92 v!" "1! t ". _ _ %@" , m ,.._Iy, .1 -v-J" AF I

-ff: _ =-1 ~ -F :

_""~&#39;r ;; F I L

>1 K

~ 11
Q

13:l"5"8 E
__

.
7 &#39;3&#39;?

E!IIiiDii?n

.i

Pi it 1.

P%l" l&#39;I -@21-l !&#39;i

r ii E .;,;A3

,.,..;i ,. P E ;-.~ -__,- -M ,-,1 , -

.-1

E, -fast ,
* .=*-

APPENDIX
on February group under

j
source advised that

On April 17, l95, a confidential

llise

SAM BALLAN, from the s@PQ9I} epiit


The source stated that

12, 1959, e Socialist workers Party SW?! minority the leadership of National Committee member,
this minority group, referred

E. F -.

to as the Maroyites, after many years of program and policy differences on varied iesuee oonoerning teotioe and interpretation of political events, split from the SW? on the grounds that the Party was liquidating itself by departing from the Marxist precepts of LEON TROTSKY and retreating from
the fight
T

for the

world sooieliet

revolution. The

final

E .392n_92 _ -0"/.21

issue which ultimately forced the split was opposition to the SWP regroupment policy

the minority*e which invoiced

co-

operation with

characterized by the minority as petty~bourgeois u


unconditional defense

the communist

Party :3?!

periphery-11- ividusl

The minority

of the

progrem, according
soviet Union

to source,
and has

as its

eivooeted

goal the building of proleterien orientation

capitalism in the UnitedStates and throughout the world5.!


on May 12, 1960, source edvised that this minority group had chosen the name workers World PartyQ92,92_,92 ;" I
Workers world
On May 3, 1965,

a revolutionary party with a cmplete for the purpose of overthrowing i

Party,

which maintains

second source

headquarters at
the People s
92

advised that

the

45 WEB? 2153

3, * of

Street, New

chine in its ideological dispute withthe SovietUnioi@_92 92.


The SW? the or halvebeen designated and pursuant
l 92

York, New

York, supports

Republic

to Executive lO345GQ_&92 Order 1


Ii . &#39;

1 Q

92 ,
92 -

92 . 92 . 92 92 92 s

E I

PLAIN TB?
I

I/34/66
IE8!!!

TIIITYPS Ill
HLL

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Ill!
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nmaru

HER 3B%HAi&#39;h&#3 amssmzn

no: nnunc-res .51-sara! rs:


urn mmmc-: tn. rm nmusr um!-mu, An.

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arm nmmm,ucuu. urrns tmcuzzna-1ou! _u~:>


ma-r, un rm cuvrmnn nvz. "ucmnrr 12vxspmwonn um SKILJ.-IA! um

M[i1&#39;&1Q_BY5; 5 gggg /SLQ

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IWSHIIG um, 11.1. mourns,Ir, anAmusr -nzzrrr-no, ms-r,u.@.


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BITUATIH,

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TO TKLCH I101

TEHIQUT8

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IIIIIBIYI

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BI FULLY

RESOLVED. II

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hnrwvcr, they lifcct Islnnic lanes and synhola. Indication: or organisud training or schooling or participation in riots

to tho IYCPD. hay are not unborn at the latte:

at lulu;

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advis BPC ._I=~;_q_ .~&#39; .4 _--an . ._ -&#39;.-_l.j:..

tbs Brooklyn occasions many young

racial si*va* o*

&#39; -&#39;92-cu. _..;a 1__ i &#39;"i&#39;=-1 .. ,_;r.. __ .17. . &#39;;"&#39;. -&#39;

throughout Be ford the .ely US.EP&#39;1ent:ionedanda the rest stands thatonStuyvesant ALLAH, who of occasions Negro two young approxi 19 years of age who calls himself
hair in an Afro, has spoksqabout

n talking about young Negroes in Bedford Stuyvesant area. He stated that on several in a local park near Tompkins and Lafayette Avenues, Negroes would gather and openly discuss the tense

wears his

approximately 5&#39;11" and weighs white man,


anything and around. ALLAH

l?O pounds,

dark brown

the fact

that the

skin and

devils, meaning

will not

allow young

Negroes to

have

brothers andsisters since ALLAH was fathertJ92 their


Tiaztypes of
planned but
s. ,2-&#39;1." _ .-,; a. .~. 1 ._ 1, _

that you are supposed to beat mentioned the fast that"thesa

them up when they some younv Negroes were

gatherings
at any

in the
given hour a deal

park are

not__necassari1y
decides to a game

ii%%?s anything park. The at the audience, which is composed of


- - 86 teenagers, may
these various chairman and

take place

when someonb

simply be sitting

in the

park awaiting

&#39;.!"___,v It ~,
.. ,, ,, *5"?---v .~

softball. At the floor

turn

on the

basketball court,

simply stands can heardiJ92 and be


calving actual
zatl

that

gatheringsno individual an one who desires

at cards

or simply

is considered to discuss anything

of

instructions from

white youngsters

walking the streets atnight n?r re young Negroes safe while walk?
the ahiss.sastions
things uhlc
at the

1D e

oea or

tu tyvesan area
3 .

were not

safe while &#39;

of Broolyn g#

inulcate as Black Huslim_Heetings

sons 0
were actually

L seas no black

and statements
things which could have

made
bee?

various gatherings

heard at

but that

muslims nor

anyone

.2--- 5 A-

5; 92

I/

NY 157-1589 ever been bellevedbe a to par* of eNatlon Islam have t of present

at any of these gatherlngs

C1

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PAGE INFORHATHJNSHEET

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FEHERQL BUREAU OF IHVESTIGQTIUN FUIPA DELETED

Pagolsl wi[,hhq-ld itli &#39;l~ at Et this location in the filo. Om or more of the fullowirig SatBmL n!F. WhE3I
Q i_.

indiciawd. mfplain

Lhlf-1 d l?ll0]1.

D@le>ted under _ _I i .r e.92;<*n1pti<&#39;>n s -;_. 4 >


-l material a92 ailahl~ for T &#39;l in you. B.

/l~

vld l

_ with

no se-gF Iahlc&#39

._._.

liifurrnatioii pm-miried is a third onlv part!

with norefereiice tomu or thv

$ub3Zect.your mquest. of

lniorniation pc-rtainedonly to a third par&#39;r_92 . muiiv lieu-d iliur

in tho title only.

l ~

D0<_&#39;um ntl5l OFi{_&#39;lIi1{ifl;,"P92&#39;iIh : .:n&#39;_92&#39; i *sl the !lll&#39;.>&#39;>%&#39;llI{l gr-venanieiit _ h W _ ___ _ _ ___ __ __ 9292 ?LS./*A&#39; &#39;_TEii:>r fcirwardecl tothem direct response Lu you.

Pagel l refermclfor comultatinii L0 thv following g @92 91"I 1 i??fll agencyliesl; l__..._____4%._____

__

_ _,

___

l_ _ r

__ as the infumiation origziiiatied with them. Youwill

be advised of availability. upon return of the maternal to the FBI.


-~w ;._J

Pagellsi withheld for the following reascmlsl:

EC
For Fuur irifonnatimii _

9292

The following number is to be used for reference mgarding these pages:


4 .._/ I , _ _ ,.- _ -~ .4I/, _-,/ ., 1/ _/ /

!Q{X}~lXX XXXXXX XXXIQCX

n ~ xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

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THIS PAGE

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1210 xxxxl235PH URGEIT I-I-67 van


T oznscrone+s4-s-:4: 15/ xxxxx
raon IE! roan 51-sea:

Mr. Cai2ahgn__ I
Mr. Felt,

Mr. Cun1&#39;adL..._.__

MLI.Hagen, Mr. Su11i&#39; | *ln___I; Mr. T&v&_ i


Mr. Trotter W

M15 Qa1e______

,1/J &#39; , RACIAL SITUATIOI, ogggfs, new vcnx

T918.f, mm______ R Mia: Hnl:&#39;ne.s____ 3 Kin Gandy ~


in-""""-&#39;_""&#39;-"i-u

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new CITY on two ssvsn. roux AREA sxxrv out


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GROUP UITH BLACK IATIGUQLISTTEIDESCIES,REFLECTS SEVERALFIVE PERCElIERS" HAVE STQTED THERE HILL BE,

"- ACTIONS, DIS ORDERS, II T k fga YORK R10TS", IEU szctxou orBROOKLYN, souru JAMAICA, / Q3 _71, ? -/Cl ausis 1;?
AND outone srnczt LEIOX at sax nun avsuuz, nannartna, 1
EID PAGE DIE
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Mr. M:-hr__.__..
Hr. WicL...__.._ Mr. Ca1lahI.n_.__

IELEWE H V um V
_

Cam-

J!-U Z

Mr. C0nrld__.__
Mr. FelL__._ Mr . Sn iv

z~oon&#39;hssAe2* 3;; &#39;;*; ;,


Tale. Boom___ Miss Hc-1maL__. Mina Gandy____.

Hr. T|vuL....._,__ Hr. Trott.er.i_

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I JAN 4

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PRESZIILY

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IATTEUAH STATE HOSPITAL,


_ .

IS I01 HELElSED OIEDIE IEXT- PRO0SED OI QOTIOI


-, , &#39;~.&#39;.&#39;
1:-. ~. ; . ._ . 1 _-I ..~ ,5 1. 1. .

HILL tax: PLACEone on two |xr[992_L_.i

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57;
570

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IYO souaczs nLzRrenJl$

tn: aunzau as xsrrnnv1ssn ~ WILL


SID

LEA

FBI

HASH DC
4! in K

X
F1 3E R5 F4 ,&#39;

II
F B I

.- Date;
i-

9/25/67
_ V I i . /1 yppgr: plamtext code! or

Transmit the following 7 .

V10AIBTEL _

_" _~

Priority!

T0 = DIRECTOR, FBI 57-33?6! FROM = SAC, NEW YORK 57-1&8


II
II 2 f . l.

SUBJECT: IVE PERCENTERS


RM -MISC.

>r-*"Y 2,

J[{.Z~,

,~92 I RM! -->3- - Bureau 1 -New York Tn

-4? 2, Q L 7/

Q// um;

I AI.I.|I3FEEi?;f5T!0N- ._.... comm? M <5> |::"::":s EEZSLAESIFIED I/;~*


{r

ggp261957

K
&#39;> -A

HY 15?-IHE9

1" inq

this matter,

the KYO

of his

findings

127 Vii and advise db

KYO willfollow andfurnish all pertinent data


to the Bureau E;

~92 ,.

r iF-

-x

qd

:iHiBf;;;;f.

CF !

EF

"&#39;1
FBI

Date:
Transmit the following 1n 7-

lg/L;/67*
~ ~ _

_ 1 ~ {Type in plain sag!gr code!

Via:
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. ,

_ _
_ @_ _ _ _ @_ * @_ _ _ ?

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Prwmy!

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..,__

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4 _&#39;.i

% mom HEWYORK 5T-11189 =sac, g n


, s1.rB.:rEc&#39;f?" FIVE IITEF PERCENTERS &#39; Dll _
EPA "&#39; l&#39;I,,_L|-}92.r

* ; TO : nmscwon, 57-33?6! FBI

11 A

ReNYa irtel *forth

, 9/25/67Q92,92 in referencedcommunication@_,