Bachelor of Science (Hons) (Applied Chemistry) (AS 225

)

LABORATORY REPORT
Water and Wastewater Technology (CMT564)
Experiment Name Name of Partners Demonstrator
OBJECTIVES:
• •

8 : Phosphate – Phosphorus (PO43- - P) Hanim Binti Ismail 2009401538 Norhazwani Binti Zubairi 2009659246 Norezzati Afifa Bt Razali 2009258728 Norhaniza Bt Hamzah 2009902677 PM Lee Kok Kheng

To observe the relation of phosphorus concentration to different types of water. To introduce the method of preparing standards by serial dilutions and to use these standards in the production of a calibration curve.

410 0.197 0.and P3O105.are frequently encountered.143 0.265 0.331 0. however.311 0. Based on the groups result. the purpose of adding activated charcoal in the sample is to absorb the impurities (phosphorus) because it has a large surface area and it can remove impurities more effectively. and cause the less absorbance. the sample is too alkaline or too acidic and not neutralized. First. Generally.000 0. however. thus the sample in higher concentration and give higher absorbance reading.275 0. We should remove the cloudy color of the treated water by filtrating with activated carbon.443 0. 3 groups have obtained the absorbance greater than standard concentration. the absorbance of treated water and raw wastewater should be in range of concentrated sample and cannot exceed the range because it has been diluted. we can see that when the sample having lower concentration (more dilute).275 0.063 0. how do you pre-treat the sample? . We do not repeat the filtration until get the clearer solution of treated water. From the graph. PO43-.070 0.149 0.099 Group 1 0. the polyphosphates P2O74. the sample still contains high phosphate which affects the concentration of the sample and the absorbance reading.25mg/L while the treated water is 29.087 COMMENT: The phosphate found in natural waters mainly exists as the orthophosphate species.345 0. Second.188 0. the species which dominates will depend on the pH prevailing in the particular environment.000 0. the less amount of phosphate contained in the sample.RESULT: Concentration (mg/L) blank 5 10 15 20 25 treated raw Absorbance (A) Group 2 Group 3 0. We get the concentration of treated water greater than standard because of some error occur while performing the experiment.130 0. QUESTION: 1.063 0. only group 4 achieve the theory which absorbance of treated water is available in the range of standard concentration.099 Group 4 0. concentration of raw wastewater is 7. From the result.196 0. Therefore. Can this method be applied to colored samples? If it is applicable. These polyphosphate species may be hydrolyzed to produce the orthophosphate.000 0.000 0.483 0. the concentration of raw wastewater and treated water is determined.75mg/L which noted the highest concentration.143 0.128 0. But from the result. In this experiment.236 0.067 0.183 0.208 0. the treated water is not clear enough as required. After plotting the graph of absorbance sample against concentration of phosphorus in the sample.315 0.

UPENA.htm • • • • . it can be conclude that when the sample having lower concentration (more dilute).75mg/L. 2007.uwimona.edu. concentration of raw wastewater and the treated water has been determined which is 7.com/t2/doc/appnotes/S-0075. P.Morgan Susan. REFERENCES: • Manual of Practical: Kasmawati Mohamed & Lee Kok Kheng. CONCLUSION: From this experiment.turnerdesigns. Methods of Analysis for Water and Wastewater.pdf http://wwwchem. The activated carbon will absorb the color of impurities and produce clear sample.25mg/L and 29. Eutropication cause the excessive growth of algae and aquatic plant that interrupt normal ecosystem functioning and cause many problems. the less amount of phosphate contained in the sample. such as eutrophication. 3rd Edition http://www. Aarne Vesilind. this method can be applied to color sample. 2.wastewaterhandbook.jm/lab_manuals/c10expt36.com/webpg/th_phosphorus_50intro. What are the environmental effects of excessive phosphorus in water? Excessive phosphorus in water can lead to environmental effects. G Heine Lauren & M. From the graph. It make the lake become enriches with nutrients that cause the water undesirable for human and other living organism use and this also will lead to the interruption of food chain.html http://www.Yes. therefore the less absorbance of transmission. but the color of the sample should be removed first by using activated carbon (charcoal) in the filtration process. Introduction to Environmental Engineering.

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