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3C New Energy Efficiency Solutions

Eric Lan May 21, 2009

www.fairchildsemi.com

Market Overview PC SMPS


Industry innovations are driving the standardization of higher efficiency power supplies. Power designs need secondary-side synchronous rectification for 5V/3.3V to achieve efficiency needs Major customer like Dell, IBM, HP, Fujitsu, Super Micro, Delta & Quanta anticipated.

ATX 2nd Power SAM will grow to $16M in 2012. (isupplies)


ATX 2nd Power SAM$

Base Target efficiency level starting Jul 07

Bronze, target efficiency level starting Jul 08

Silver Target efficiency level starting Jul 09

Gold Target efficiency level starting Jul 10

$18,000

$k $14,000 Year $10,000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Loading 20% 50% 100%

Efficiency Efficiency Efficiency Efficiency 80% 82% 85% 87% 80% 85% 88% 90% 80% 82% 85% 87%

Technology PC SMPS
Fairchild is positioned to provide the total solution
Integrated Synchronous Rectifier (SR) IC improves efficiency +2% over traditional Schottky diodes

FAN480x

AC Input

PFC PFC + + PWM PWM

Main Main + + MOS MOS


Integrated Asymmetrical Half Bridge (AsHB) IC improve efficiency +1.2% over traditional Double Forward topology

SR + MOS SR + MOS
FSR6x0

+12V +12V

SR + MOS SR + MOS

+5V +5V

PFC+PWM combo IC improves efficiency +1% at light load condition

FSBK130

Buck + Buck + MOSx2 MOSx2

+3.3V +3.3V

FSBH0x70

Standby Standby
Innovative FPS IC reduces standby power below 100mW with no load

+5V +5V

Integrated DC/DC Buck regulator IC improves efficiency +1.5% efficiency over traditional (Mag Amplifier + Diode) SG65xx

Supervisor Supervisor

LLC Typical Application Circuit


LLC Resonant Converter for LCD TV
VIN = 340V ~ 400V, Vo = 24V, Io = 8A Eff = 94% at full load condition No heat sinks is required up to 200W for FSFR2100

AsHB Typical Application Circuit


AsHB Converter for ATX 85+
VIN = 370V ~ 410V, Vo = 12V, Io = 30A Eff = 93% at full load condition FSFA2100 is used Current Doubler & Synchronous Rectifier

MOSFET Technology for Better Efficiency


Provide planar MOSFET and super-junction MOSFET since 2004
600V MOSFET A*RDS(on)
140

AFET
120

A*Rds(on) [mW.cm2]

BFET
100 80 60

QFET

UniFETTM CFET UniFETTM2

SuperFETTM
40 20 0
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Planar Super-Junction

SupreMOSTM

Introduction Year

Benefits of Super-Junction MOSFET


Super-junction MOSFET provides best FOM (Figure-of-Merit)
100 90 80 70 Qg,typ (nC) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400
RDS(on),max (m)
21A 16A
13A 11A

47A

@ BVDSS, 600V
TO220 MAX. DIE 36A

17A 15A 12A

Planar MOSFET
10A 7A

9A

SJ MOSFET

90+ Solution
BCM PFC + QR PWM + SR Combo Controller
Light load Power Consumption
Spec. (Po) VAC 115V 0W 230V 115V 0.5W 230V 115V 1W 230V 115V 1.7W 230V <2.4W 1.715W 2.283 <1.7W 1.007W 1.456 2.321 <1W 0.501W 0.779 1.473 <0.3W 0W 0.28 0.861 Spec. (Pin) Output (Po) Input (Pin) W 0.27

PFC Stage
Turn on switch with minimum drain-source voltage Turn on/off switch with ZCS
92.00% 91.50% 91.00% Efficiency 90.50% 90.00% 89.50% 89.00% 88.50% 20 30

19V/90W Efficiency
FAN6921+Schottcky FAN6921+FSR510

91.81% 91.45% 90.50% 90.09% 91.51% 90.57%

PWM Stage
Conduction loss reduction by PFC pre-regulator Switching loss reduction by QR PWM valley switching

90.35%

1.53%
89.04%

2nd-ary Side
Conduction loss reduction by SR combo controller

40

50 60 Output Watt.

70

80

90

FAN9612 Interleaved Dual BCM PFC


Phase Management
Minimizes power losses at light load Automatic phase-drop and phase-add
Efficiency (%)
100

Efficiency vs. Load


(115 VAC Input, 400 VDC Output, 400 W)

95

Valley Switching Technology


Minimizes COSS losses at turn-on of the MOSFET switching

With Phase Management


90

Without Phase Management

Strong Integrated Gate Drivers


85

Reduce switching losses

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

Output Power (%)

Low Current Sense Thresholds


Low Conduction Losses
100

Efficiency vs. Load


(230 VAC Input, 400 VDC Output, 400 W)

Maximum Switching Frequency Clamp


95

Low Start-up and Operating Currents

Efficiency (%)

With Phase Management


90

Without Phase Management

85 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Output Power (%)

Market Overview Display Segment


Technology trend are Less Power Consumption, Thinner. 2Lamps solution is becoming main stream from previous 4Lamps High end/Big Panel Size LCD TV driving the LED Backlight (Samsung, Sony, LG) New LEDs technology improve Reliability achieve Higher Lighting Efficiency (MCD/W) CCFL & LED backlight SAM will grow to $60M and $2.6M respectively in 2012. (isupplies)
Display segment SAM$ $60,000 $50,000 $40,000 $k $30,000 $20,000 $10,000 $2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Year

P anel LED B acklight

P anel CCFL

The Technical Trend LCD TVs


Direct Inverter Type
400V Lamps

PSU Type
400V

PFC

Inverter
Lamps
13V Audio 12V or 5.3V Main 5.3V Stand by

PFC

Main Power

24V Inverter 12V Main

Multi Power Std by Power

Std by Power

5V stand by

5V Stand by

high efficiency, low standby, LED BLU, Slim, BOM reduction


2008 Main size Backlight Output Power Power type PFC Efficiency Stdby
32~42inch CCFL 250Watt PSU / Direct inverter CRM 80% 170mWatt

2009
40/42inch CCFL 300Watt Direct inverter CRM 82% 150mWatt

2010
40~50inch CCFL / LED 300 / 180Watt Direct inverter/ PSU CRM 85% 130mWatt

2011
50inch LED BLU 180Watt PSU CRM ? 100mWatt

The Technical Trend LCD Monitors


INVERTER AC Input (90~265Vac)

Power Supply 12V

Backlight Inverter

Inverter 1 . . . Power Supply Inverter X

Lamps . . .

5V for Video board

2lamps, high efficiency, low standby, BOM reduction


2008 Main size # of lamps Power Efficiency Standby
17~19inch 4lamps CCFL 40Watt 80% 170mWatt

2009
19inch 4lamps / 2lamps 40Watt / 28Watt 82% 150mWatt Pout = less than 250mWatt

2010
22inch 2lamps 30Watt 85% 130mWatt

2011
22inch LED BLU Less than 30Watt ? 100mWatt

Samsung 09 DPMS spec. : Pin = 75mW (5V*15mA)

Market Overview Illumination


Efficiency, Life Time, Environment

Ban Incandescent Ban Magnetic ballast Get Phasing out

Discrete solution is major portion for CFL Get Compact (Integration solution) Get Thinner T8 T5 (High efficiency and Reliability, EOLL function required) Dimming solution Market : Still big potential Philips, GE, Osram, Lutron, ULT

High efficiency Longer Life time Environment (Hg free, No UV) Cost issue Dimming Broad light color Market : Emerging, Government Driving. Philips, GE, Osram and Many makers join.

(Source : Cree, Inc. in Darnell 2008)


Metal halide 60-75 35-40 10K-20K Highpressure sodium 95-110 55-65 24K Low-pressure sodium 120-140 65-75 16K

Type

Incand.

Halogen

CFL

T12 Fluor.

T8 Fluor.

T5 Fluor.

HB LED

Datasheet lm/W Usable lm/W Lifetime (hours)

17 10-17 3K

20 12-20 10K

50 25-30 10K

60 45-50 20K

85-90 65-70 20K-30K

90 62 30K

99 65-75 50K+

LED Lighting Solutions


Ornament Lighting (~ 25W) Indoor/Outdoor (25 ~ 100W) Non-Isolation topology Isolation topology Street (100W~)

Buck

PSR Flyback
FAN100 FAN102 FSEZ1016 FSEZ1216 under development

CRM PFC
Single Stage PFC

Flyback
FAN6300 FSDM0465RE FSQ0x65

CRM PFC QR PWM Combo


FSR510 under development

LLC Resonant
FAN7621 FSFRxx00

under development

FAN7527B FAN6961 FAN7529

FAN6921 + FSR510

FAN6961 + FAN6300

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Introduction of FSEZ1016A
Features
Constant-Voltage (CV) and Constant-Current (CC) control without secondary-feedback circuitry PSR PWM Controller with 1A 600V VDMOS integrated in to 7-pin wide creepage package Green-mode function: PWM freq linearly decreasing Fixed PWM frequency at 42kHz with frequency hopping to solve EMI problem Low start-up (10uA) and operating current (6mA) Peak-current-mode control Cycle-by-cycle current limiting Various Protection; VDD UVLO, VDD OVP, OTP, and gate output clamped at 18V.

Application
Indoor/ Outdoor LED lighting

Reference design
Non-isolated Flyback Topology Less components count Space saving and easy PCB layout Stable and precise constant-current control across wide input voltage range More flexible and simple solution
15

COMV COMI

FSEZ1016A

Phone Makers Set the Game Rule for Standby Power

3W Charger Design

FSEZ1216 (1A/600V) DIP8 : 37 points


Small mechanical case for low cost shipping. No need Snubber under 3W with 700V MOS. Lower inserting cost: Suitable 0.5A MOSFET under 4W. High Efficiency & Very Low St-by power. Stand by : 26.6mW @264Vac CV : 2.7 % CC : 2.1% Ripple : 150mVp-p under CEC : 70.64% / 68.24% @AWG26 (65.5%) EMI : 6dB

Market Overview HV IC
Contribution to Energy Efficiency System,
Application Market Trend Technical Trend Inverter based variable speed motor control to improve efficiency 3 phase HV IC with protections or 3 * HB types with protections

White Good (CAGR: -1.3%)

Major solution is power module in Asia Discrete solution is available in AM, EU

PDP (CAGR: 10.8%)

Hitachi abandoned PDP business and COC launched PDP business Topology: Weber-> Sakkai-> Pass-less Dramatically dropping set price to compete with LCD Isolation solution is available TV Discrete solution is major portion Local IC vender appeared with low cost version Segment for E-bike and E-scooter Low voltage process is needed to cut down cost.

Electric carts (CAGR: 14.7%)

HID (CAGR: 2.9%)

Street, Projector and outdoor application get migrating into LED solution. Metal Halide produce and intense "white for vehicles & commercial use. High/Low pressure sodium lamps produce a "yellow for indoor/outdoor & Street light.

Conventional Buck + full bridge is the most popular solution DSP control solution is increasing to make convenient and stable operation Migrating into LED solution

Industrial Power (CAGR: 5.2%)

High power solution (over 1KW) 2-2 or 1-2 HB solution is popular Opto coupler & trans solution has major share

Fast turn on/ off and turn rising / falling High speed frequency Additional control & protection are mandatory (dead time, shutdown)

(CAGR : 2007 to 2012)

China Energy Label for White Goods


Background
China government announced New energy saving regulation in Oct 2009. -. Non-Inverter A/C : Level 2 (power efficiency @ 3.2) -. Inverter A/C : Level 2 (power efficiency @ 4.5 But the regulation is not yet launched, maybe postpone to Q1FY10 due to high inventory of normal air/con in market ~15Mset.

What manufacturers need to increase EER / SEER?


Keep on traditional control solution with higher efficiency compressor, improve evaporator coil & condenser coil, cost will be increased Aircon Structure Some makers replace control boards linear power supply with SMPS to increase efficiency Develop inverter type (variable speed) air/con and refrigerator Replacing traditional AC motor to brushless DC motor for indoor and outdoor fan in air/con

Application Example
Air Conditioners
* Low Voltage Drive under 40V (Currently) * High Voltage Drive 500V 1A grade (Future)

Washing Machines
SPM 5

SPM5 Drying Fan FAN Motor PFC-SPM SPM3

SPM3

Motor

Compressor

AC Input VSD

SPM3 or SPM4
Evaporator Fan Motor

CONTROL BOARD

Compressor Motor

Refrigerators

Thank You

www.fairchildsemi.com

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