What is a Cathode Ray Tube?

 Later and improved CATHODE RAY EXPERIMENTS found that certain types of glass produced a fluorescent glow at the positive end of the tube William Crookes discovered that a tube coated in fluorescent materials at the positive end, would produce a focused ‘do’ when rays from the electron gun hit it?  With more experimentation, researchers found that the ‘CATHODE RAYS’ emitted from the cathode could not move around solid objects and so travelled in straight lines, a property of waves. However, other researchers, notably Crookes, argued that the focused nature of the beam meant that they had to be particles.

Thomson’s First Cathode Ray Experiment
 Thomson had an inkling that the ‘rays’ emitted from the electron gun were inseparable from the latent charge, and decided to try and prove this by using a magnetic field.  His first experiment was to build cathode ray tube with a metal cylinder on the end. This cylinder had two slits in it, leading to electrometer, which could measure small electric charges.

Thomson’s Cathode Ray Second Experiment
 Like all great scientists, he did not stop there, and developed the second stage of the experiment, to prove that the rays carried a negative charge. To prove this hypothesis, he attempted to deflect them with an electric field.

particularly rotating rings of electrons. Thomson abandoned his earlier "nebular atom" hypothesis in which the atom was composed of immaterial vortices. J. although the rest of the positively charged part of the atom remained somewhat nebulous and ill-defined. but with many structures possible for positioning multiple electrons. J. With this model. Thomson. Thomson's paper was published in the March 1904 edition of the Philosophical Magazine. Thomson's model was compared (though not by Thomson) to a British dessert called plum pudding. . the leading British science journal of the day. like negatively charged "plums" surrounded by positively charged "pudding". the atom is composed of electrons (which Thomson still called "corpuscles". the atom was also sometimes said to have had a "cloud" of positive charge. hence the name. though G. Instead of a soup. who discovered the electron in 1897.Plum pudding model The plum pudding model of the atom by J. The electrons (as we know them today) were thought to be positioned throughout the atom. at least part of the atom was to be composed of Thomson's particulate negative corpuscles. Stoney had proposed that atoms of electricity be called electrons in 1894[1]) surrounded by a soup of positive charge to balance the electrons' negative charges. In this model. was proposed in 1904 before the discovery of the atomic nucleus in order to add the electron to the atomic model. Now.

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