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this is Kirana Business Detailed Analysis FDI Good or Bad for India Who will benefit in India if FDI is allowed in Multi Brand this is Kirana Business Few days back the Union Cabinet of India overcame years of indecision to allow up to 51% FDI in multibrand retail. Government also increased the FDI limit in single-brand retail to 100% from 51%.
Government says it will benefit India. Traders fear the move. Opposition parties oppose the move as they know they will benefit if they support the traders. No one is touching the real issues and accepting the truth that today or tomorrow FDI, big global corporations will enter into India directly or indirectly.
Today world is becoming a global village. Foreign Investment in India is governed by the FDI policy announced by the Government of India and the provision of the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) 1999. The foreign investors are free to invest in India, except few sectors/activities, where prior approval from the RBI or Foreign Investment Promotion Board (‘FIPB’) is required. In franchising and commission agents’ services, FDI (unless otherwise prohibited) is allowed with the approval of the Reserve Bank of India under the Foreign Exchange Management Act. Examples of Such Business - Pizza Hut or Nike or Spencer 100% FDI is allowed in wholesale trading. Wholesalers do the business with the Retailers. Wholesalers never do business with Consumers. Few days back central government of India, Congress Government announced the cabinet decision to allow 51 percent FDI in retail that is multi brand.
. If you will see the history of foreign direct investment in India you will realize that India does not need any foreign funds. they will make lot of Money because of FDI policy. India is a very big market now Question is why Indian Government is opening the Retail sector for foreign brands? Is it an idea to make people forget the Jan Lokpal Bill and in discussions of FDI never to pass the Jan Lokpal Bill and then put the blame on the opposition parties that they did not allow us to work in Parliament. Farmer or Consumer or builders and Indian Malls who are not in a competition to Indian Retailers? Big owners of Indian Malls in future will sell their Malls to Foreign Brands and those rich owners will get the partnership as well as cash. In past history when companies invested Rs. 10 Lakh in one year they made profits of 50 Lakhs or 1 Crore.big business houses. Who will benefit because of FDI policy of direct investment. Big Malls and Big retail chains are good for any honest Country but in corrupt nations the benefits do not reach to the poor people. After 50 Years what will happen in India because of Foreign Direct Policy in Retail? Regarding this no body can predict one thing we should understand that Big Rich Multinational Companies and Indian Rich People will be seen controlling the Retail market of India and which will decrease the small business shops. rich people and their friends who introduce the laws like Jokepal for their citizens. The benefits of such faulty FDI policy are enjoyed by Politicians.Is it good for the India to reject the FDI policy and direct investment in retail sector by the foreign brands? Does India and Indian citizens are ready for big brands when 70% Indians do not earn daily more than Rs. 20 a day.
One example – In USA if any American citizen hides his money in other country the FBI and IRS of USA see that that rich American Citizen goes to Jail. Indians who visit to Singapore do not spit on the road and they follow the laws.India does not have good and excellent laws like USA. Example of China – China – Do the corruption if you are found doing corruption in China. Aadarsh Society scam was happening no Government Agency stopped that. 2G was happening and No Government agency tried to stop the 2G. So we should not consider and compare the benefits of Big Corporations and Companies which are enjoyed by the America or China. Like this in every law American law beats the Indian law. No one goes to Jail for cheating India. . Before we talk about FDI one has to understand the complete structure and working of Indian Government and Indian system. Like this laws are very strict. On the other hand Indian Government and laws do not even allow the Indian citizens [the slaves of India] to know the names of corrupt India who has kept the money in other countries. But same Indians do not hesitate to spit on the road. Chinese government gives the corrupt person a death punishment immediately. What happens in India we know it nothing happens they get the bail and never go to Jail again in their prime youth. Those corrupt Indians do not go to jail but they pay minimal fine and their money becomes legal. The Government knows the names but we Indians do not have right to know the names of Corrupt Rich Indians.
Meaning of Single Brand in connection with FDI? Single Brand means a retail store with foreign investment which can sell only one brand. iii. This time As per the current regulatory regime or say Policy Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) up to 51% is allowed with prior Government approval. ‘Single Brand’ product-retailing would cover only products which are branded during manufacturing. require: i. Guidelines notified. Products to be sold should be of a ‘Single Brand’ only. Products should be sold under the same brand internationally. The government has not defined the meaning of single brand and Multi Brand. As Government of India will open the Multi Brand for Foreign Investments then Big companies like wall mart or Carrefour and Tesco will open their big luxuries Kirana stores in India. Otherwise we fear the machinery and system. vide Press Note 3 (2006 Series). . ii. License Raj = Corruption Raj In 2006 51 percent investment in a single brand retail outlet was permitted.All decided to unite and planed to enjoy the fruits of evil. in retail trade of ‘Single Brand’ products. Major scams and crimes come out in public domain or knowledge in India because of Supreme Court of India and few people or NGO who dare to file Public Interest Litigation writs in High Courts or Supreme Court of India. FDI in cash and carry (wholesale) with 100 percent ownership was allowed after getting permission from the Government. Short History and Current FDI Retail Policy – FDI has been permitted in wholesale trade on cash and carry basis. In 1997.
A retailer is one who stocks the producer’s goods and is involved in the act of selling it to the individual consumer.Currently in Indian Metro cities one can see the Indian rich people opening such luxuries and very big Kirana shops. Unorganized sector needs the help of Government of India but problem is in last 64 Years India failed to give them facitlies. Indian government does not have storage facilities to keep the extra food produced by farmers. This excludes direct interface between the manufacturer and institutional buyers such as the government and other bulk customers. The High Court of Delhi defined the term ‘retail’ as a sale for final consumption. As such. sales tax etc or licensed retailers or hypermarkets and retail chains 2. retailing is the last link that connects the individual consumer with the manufacturing and distribution chain. When Government failed on government front then forget about government helping farmers and others so they can build their own facilities and save the food produce by them. organized sectors – The sector which pays income taxes. The retail industry is divided into 1. Do you know what definition of Retail as per law is? In 2004. at a margin of profit. unorganized sectors – this sector includes local Kirana Shops or pan bidi shops or hand cart vendors or pavement vendors Currently in India Presence of Organized sector is very limited. Currently in India majority Kirana shop business is family oriented and if you ever watch it closely you . on television we see that how the food is kept in open 24 months. Retailing is the interface between the producer and the individual consumer Buying for personal consumption. Even i read in a newspaper that government storage house was rented and farmers produce was kept openly in a rainy season.
consumers always pay more With or without FDI farmers and consumers both suffer. Farmers commits suicide as they can not give education or food to their kids. Ever heard any agent committed suicide for the above reasons. In If you will try to read the studies made by the different people in different nations you will find that farmers always get less money. and that same produce we consumers have to pay 50 or 100 Rs. Business people purchase from the farmer 2 or 1 Rs KG. Middle men that is Dalals or agents earn more than farmers. When FDI will come into India it will be a start of monopoly and we know that Our Indian laws do not punish any criminal. In India laws are made for the benefit of Rich and not for the benefit of poor. Traditional retail sector exploits labor. Here corruption has become a religion for many people. KG. No Farmer will benefit. Foreign direct investment is good for the India but reality is that Indian laws are not ready for the FDI investment. . No Indian Consumer will benefit. If you never asked him now ask him what is his monthly salary and his age. Currently if the FDI comes into India only and only rich people of India and politicians will benefit. Did you ever ask the boy what is your salary when he brings your monthly kirana shopping to your home. Do you know any Indian company or business house helping farmers or consumers? Currently in India situation is farmers do all the hard work and they enjoy the minimum or lowest share of the profits.will find Child labor working in Kirana shops.
Only Rich Indians and Politicians will benefit because of FDI in India. using those loans you can pay your debt like this in India we work. President Barack Obama in his speeches he said to American citizens that start to purchase from the local stores. . By saying 30% will be purchased from Indian farmers is a white lie. India has signed the GATT agreement thus Indian government has no right to tell the big retail companies from where to purchase. So who is creating more Jobs FDI will not create jobs FDI will fill the bank accounts of Politicians and Rich Indians. As per studies in Europe also the subsidies given by Government to farm sectors are increasing. Wal – Mart USA turn over = US $ 400 Billion = Jobs created = employs 2. Pennsylvania State University in the United States has clearly brought out that those American states that had more Wal-Mart stores in 1987. America government gave a subsidy of US $ 307 billion under the US Farm Bill 2008 to farmers it’s for 5 years. Now in India Indian retail sector too has a turnover of US $ 400 billion. When FDI comes to India it may or may not eliminate middlemen but the profits of middle men will not go towards the farmers or consumers that profit goes to politicians and company owners. American farmers are not rich they are surviving on the subsidies given by the American government.If farmer commits suicide no one pays attention but when rich air line say we are suffering losses immediately top politicians say that do not worry we will help you or we will arrange loans for you. but has 12 million shops and employs 44 million people.1 million people. So who will benefit because of FDI in India. Thus demand 60% produce should be purchased only from Indian farmers. In study entitled “Wal-Mart and Poverty”. had higher poverty rates by 1999 than the states where fewer stores were set up.
92.Any Company can invest 100% in retail but it will be mandatory for that company to purchase 60% farm produce from Indian farmers or producers or manufactures. Big Kirana shops must and compulsorily buy everything in India and sell in India or they can export it. It has disclosed “discussion related to India FDI (Foreign Direct Investment)” as one of the issues in its lobbying with the US lawmakers in the first two quarters of 2011. .826. Before allowing FDI Indian government needs to study in transparent manner not behind close doors the benefits of FDI. I hope wikileaks or someone tell us where the lobby is spent by company and who got that money. during which it spent nearly USD 4 million. had told the US Senate that it had lobbied for “discussions related to India’s Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). the company had also incurred Rs 6-crore in the first 3 months of 2010 for the same purpose. Government should not become the permit giver.” Wal-Mart spent Rs. Another law government should pass is that big corporations will not be allowed to import any food items from other nations. To come into India they will keep spending money on lobbying .Mart Spent Rs. Now question is where Wal.Wal-Mart Stores. After that government should make such strict and good laws that the benefits will be enjoyed by poor people of India and mainly farmers and consumers. This is just start I am sure one day FDI will come into India We like it or not thus in our hands we got only one thing to see that FDI does not come into India and if it comes into India It comes with the good laws which will protect the Indian Consumers and Farmers. Hourly Salary of the Wal – Mart CEO Michael Duke's is $16. 52 Crore. 52 Crore between 2007-2009 towards FDI in India or say getting entry into the India. But they should be banned to import from other nations. Good Law . the world’s biggest multi-brand retail chain.
In this that is once the good laws and good FDI policy is introduced then the competition will rise and farmers will get the good money for their produce. child labor will be reduced. Big companies will build the storage houses so Indian food will be stored and it wont be wasted. Our laws and system encourages corruption. Indian system will never allow the Indian citizens to enjoy the benefits of FDI. government will get more taxes and many other facilities we Indian citizens will get But Currently India is not ready for doing business honestly.FDI will help Rich Indian Business houses and politicians and not to the farmer or Indian consumers today or tomorrow also. Because of Big companies the supply chain will improve. Then these big companies will do the corruption and then wrong laws and policies will be framed and no one in India will enjoy the real benefits of Big Companies. Thus do or die but oppose the FDI in India. Competition is good in business. I do not oppose FDI. Currently Indian Produce is wasted because we do not have storage facilities.Government should give the clear cut policy and allow them to do business in India. Suggested Reading – FDI in Multi Brand Good or Bad for India Answers to Doubts regarding FDI in Kirana Business Part 2 . FDI can benefit India but reality is India is not ready for FDI. I hope BJP and other opposition parties will see that Congress fails in bringing the FDI in India. FDI is good. If Government becomes the permit giver then Corruption will happen. Thus currently I do not support FDI in India.
It was surprising to see Mr. This is because big retail actually brings in a new battery of middlemen — quality controller. Agriculture: The Prime Minister has repeatedly projected FDI in retail as a boon for agriculture. But is FDI in retail really good for India? Will it improve rural infrastructure. economy. certification agency. What is little known is that India was also under a G-20 obligation to remove all hurdles to the growth of multi-brand retail. processor. how do we expect big retail to create jobs? It is the Indian retail sector which is a much bigger employer. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh also knows what is in America‟s interest. Unfortunately. The second argument is that big retail will squeeze out middleman and therefore provide a better price to farmers.For U. Africa and Asia have remained higher than the open market by 20 to 30 per cent. packaging consultants etc. jobs. knowing how important FDI in retail is for him. Obama. Similarly. this is not true.S. Ironically. Mr. And finally. President Barack Obama there could be nothing more cheering.. Where is the justification for such massive support if big retail was providing farmers better prices? And let us not forget. he had pitched for a new wave of economic reforms. Let it also be known that even the 30-percent local sourcing clause for single-brand retail has already been challenged and quietly put in cold storage by the Ministry of Commerce. . No amount of persuasion from India changed his mind.. for instance.S.1 million people. standardiser. big retail has not helped farmers — it is federal support that makes agriculture profitable. Empirical studies have shown that consumer prices in supermarkets in Latin America. reduce wastage of agricultural produce. and enable farmers to get a better price for their crops? While a lot has been said and written about the virtues of big retail.S. some studies have shown that the net income of farmers has come down from 70 per cent in the early 20th century to less than four per cent in 2005. If Wal-Mart can achieve the same turnover with hardly a fraction of the workforce employed by the Indian retail sector. made a provision of $307 billion for agriculture for the next five years. Even in the U.S. and no investment has come in. and big retail will only destroy millions of livelihoods. the argument that multi-brand retail will provide adequate scientific storage and thereby save millions of tonnes of food grains from rotting. India finally buckled under global pressure. Employment: The Indian retail market is estimated to be around $400 billion with more than 12 million retailers employing 40 million people. but it employs only 2. Obama telling India what is good for us. In the U. let me make an attempt to answer some of the big claims. The „underachiever‟ now goes to the presidential polls with a lot of confidence — India‟s decision to open up FDI in multi-brand retail comes as a shot in the arm for the beleaguered American economy and will obviously boost his poll prospects. Aided and abetted by TIME magazine and credit rating agencies like Standard&Poor‟s. In its last Farm Bill in 2008. . wanted to stop outsourcing to protect U. Obama certainly knows what is good for the U. despite these subsidies studies have shown that one farmer in Europe quits agriculture every minute. It is these middlemen who walk away with the profits and the farmer is left to survive on the subsidy dole. the U. Wal-Mart‟s turnover is also around $420 billion. Monopolistic power enables these companies to go in for predatory pricing. I don‟t know where in the world big retail has provided backend grain storage facilities? FDI is already allowed in storage. Fitch and Moody‟s. Mr. This is again not borne by facts.S.S.
had paid bribes and an internal enquiry into the matter has been suppressed at corporate headquarters in Arkansas”. we are aware that Wal-Mart alone had spent Rs. the Central government has allowed the State governments the final say in allowing FDI in retail.52 crore in two years to lobby. have to open up for big retail. This may to some extent pacify those State governments opposed to big retail. . Recently. which opened 431 stores in 2011.S. And more importantly. India has to provide national treatment to the investors. However. let us look at how the virus of big retail spreads. It has certainly paid off. therefore. a New York Timesexpose showed how Wal-Mart had captured nearly 50 per cent of Mexico‟s retail market in 10 years. In India. even if the promise is to keep it confined to major cities. Industries will use the legal option to force the States to comply. member countries have to provide national treatment. Being a signatory to Bilateral Investment promotion and Protection Agreements (BIPAs). as per a disclosure statement made in the U. the industry is upbeat and knows well that as per international trade norms. State governments will. Agreements with more than 70 countries have already been signed.State government’s prerogative: Very cleverly. What is important here is that as per the NYTdisclosure “the Mexican subsidiary of Wal-Mart.