Customer Training Material

Workshop W k h 14 Oblique Projectile Impact q j p

Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR
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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Workshop Goal and Procedure
Goal:
Perform oblique impact / penetration analysis (with erosion)

Customer Training Material

Procedure:
Create an Explicit Dynamics (ANSYS) Analysis System Project Select the units system and define the materials Import and mesh the armor geometry p g y Define analysis settings (including erosion), initial conditions, boundary conditions and body interactions Solve and review the results

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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 1 – Create the Project Schematic

Customer Training Material

Start St t ANSYS Workbench and follow the sequenced steps using the W kb h d f ll th d t i th abbreviations shown below:
– – – – DC = Double Click with Left Mouse Button SC = S Single Click with Left Mouse Button C f RMB = Right Mouse Button Selection D&D = Drag and Drop = Hold Left Mouse Button down on item while dragging it to new location and then release it (i.e., Copy or Move) ne (i e Cop Mo e)

1. Create an ANSYS Explicit Dynamics Analysis System Project

DC

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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 2 – Specify the Project Units

Customer Training Material

2.a Select MKS for the Project Units from the Units List provided 2.b Request that Native Applications in Workbench have their values be Displayed in the Project Units 2.c Check those unit systems to Suppress from appearing in the Units List Note: Engineering Data is native in Workbench Workbench, but Mechanical is NOT at this ( time (but will be in the future).
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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 3 – Define Engineering Data Material DC

Customer Training Material

3.a 3 a Edit the Engineering Data cell to add a material to the default library. 3.b Select explicit materials to load in an existing material model model.

3.c Scroll down and add CART BRASS, LEAD, RUBBER1 and STEEL 4340 The book symbol confirms it has been added
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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 3 – Define Engineering Data Material SC

Customer Training Material

3.d Check the materials have been added to engineering data 3.c We will use these materials as they are without modification

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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 3 – Define Engineering Data Material ...
3.g Return to the Project Schematic

Customer Training Material

3.h Save the Project by selecting the “Save As ...” icon and Browse to the Save directory indicated by your instructor. Use the name “Oblique_penetration” for the Project name name.

Note: Saving the Project saves all of the important files. files The Project may also be Archived, in which all of the supporting files are compressed and saved in one file.

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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 4 – Import the Geometry

Customer Training Material

4.a 4 a Import the geometry by the procedure shown. Do NOT Double Click on the “Geometry” cell ... Geo et y ce

RMB

SC

4.b Browse to the DesignModeler 11.0 SP1 11 0 geometry file named: “oblique_penetration.agdb”

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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 5 – Edit the Model in Mechanical
5.a 5 Edit th model i Workbench Mechanical. the d l in W kb hM h i l

Customer Training Material

RMB

Since Edit is the default action, double-clicking on the Model cell is also acceptable here. here

SC

5.b Select the MKS Units system
– Recall that Mechanical is not native in Workbench, so Workbench the Units here may not match the Project Units

Note: Although the unit system used for data entry and post-processing is the MKS system, the actual unit system used by the AUTODYN solver is the mm-mg-ms system, because it provides higher accuracy. Thi will be shown later when the This ill b h l t h th Analysis Settings are discussed.
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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 5 – Edit the Model in Mechanical ...

Customer Training Material

5.c Define the materials for each part in turn (multiple parts can be selected by holding the ctrl key): h ldi th t l k )
plate 1 and plate 2 rubber spacer1 → rubber spacer 4 p p steel washer 1 → steel washer 8 bolt1 → bolt 4 bullet case bullet core - steel 4340 - rubber1 - steel 4340 - steel 4340 - cart brass - lead

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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 5 – Edit the Model in Mechanical ...
5.d

Customer Training Material

Material assignments can then be checked : -Select Geometry Select -Under Display Style select material -The screen plot will then color the model by material

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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 5 – Edit the Model in Mechanical ...
5.e Delete the Bonded Contact Regions

Customer Training Material

RMB

5.f 5 f Review the existing Body Interaction specifications

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Step 5 – Edit the Model in Mechanical ...

Customer Training Material

5.f Review the automatically created symmetry plane

5.g Save the Project

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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 6 – Mesh Model
6.a Select the Mesh branch

Customer Training Material

6.b Specify the Mesh Details: – Physics Preference = Explicit y p – Element Size = 0.006 meters 6.c Apply a Patch Independent Tetrahedrons method to the two parts which make up the bullet (via RMB Mesh > Insert > Method) 6.d Set the element size to 0.005 meters

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Step 6 – Mesh Model

Customer Training Material

6.e Apply a body sizing to the two plates (via RMB Mesh > Insert > Sizing) 6.f Select the two plates and click Apply on the geometry line 6.g Under type select Sphere of Influence select ZX plane as the sphere centre set sphere radius to 0 04 meters 0.04 set the element size to 0.003 meters 6.h Generate the mesh (via RMB on the Mesh branch > generate mesh)
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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 7 – Define the Analysis Settings

Customer Training Material

7.a Specify the Analysis Settings:
– End Time = 0.00015 seconds

SC 7.b Note the Solve Units = mm, mg, ms The mm mg ms unit system is the mm, mg, most accurate in most simulations, so it is the only one currently available for solution. Although more solver o so ut o t oug o e so e unit systems will be available in the future, any unit system in the dropdown list may be used to enter data and/or display the results.
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Step 7 – Define the Analysis Settings ...

Customer Training Material

7.c Keep the remaining defaults Note: There are multiple ways to control the erosion of an element. In this case, the element will only erode when y the geometric strain reaches 150%. 7.d Ensure retain inertia of eroded material is set to YES 7.d Use the default number of data sets to save during the solution.

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Step 8 – Apply Initial Condition to bullet

Customer Training Material

8.a Apply initial velocity to bullet:
Select Initial Conditions in the Outline tree – Select the body filter – Select the two bullet bodies (while holding ctrl) – RMB on selected bodies Insert > velocity – Enter a velocity of 800 m/s – Select the direction box – Click on one of the long edges of the bullet – If the red arrow points the wrong way, click the arrow icon to reverse it – Apply the selection –
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Step 9 – Insert Result Items to Post-process RMB SC

Customer Training Material

9.a Insert a Total Deformation plot request under the Solution branch 9 b se t an qu a e t 9.b Insert a Equivalent (von-Mises) Stress plot under the solution branch 9.c Save the project on the project page p j p g

RMB SC

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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 10 – Run the AUTODYN Simulation SC

Customer Training Material

10.a Select Solver Output under Solution Information and Solve the simulation.

The Solver Output shows the run statistics, including the estimated clock time to completion. Any errors or warnings are also noted. l k ti t l ti A i l t d Termination due to “wrapup time reached” is expected here.
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Introduction to ANSYS Explicit STR – Workshop 14

Step 11 – Review the Results

Customer Training Material

11.a Select Total Deformation and Show the Elements under True Scale. note the eroded nodes which show up as red dots (these can be turned off under the view menu)

SC

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Step 11 – Review the Results ...

Customer Training Material

11.b Animate the results by setting the controls shown below and then pressing the Animation button. For transient dynamics, the default Distributed mode can be inadequate, as it just linearly interpolates between saved results. The R b t d lt Th Result S t mode is often best, as it lt Sets d i ft b t uses the actual saved data. To review a static result, just click on the desired Time or Value from the Tabular Data and use the RMB to pick Retrieve This Result The given state will then be shown Result. shown.

Pick these 2 first Pick this to Then pick this save the h animation

RMB
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