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Windsor Workshop

Forum

* APAT (Italian National Agency for Environmental Protection and Technic

10 monitors
station (number of measurements in parenthesis)
UT: Urban Traffic UB: Urban Background SB: Suburban Background RB: Rural Background
10

Italy
concentrations in Italy (1995 microg/cubic meter

80 60 40 20

Urban/Suburban Background

10

monitors

PM10 AIR CONCENTRATIONS IN ITALY
Stations considered: 21 (all types)

ANNUAL AVERAGE

MAX

CONCENTRATIONS IN ITALY – ANNUAL AVERAGES
Traffic (43) year 2002

Urban/Suburban Background

MAX

m

g/m

3

year 2005

Urban

CONCENTRATIONS IN ITALY – DAILY AVERAGES
3

Number of daily exceedences of the forthcoming limit value ( 50 Stations considered: 21 (all types

MAX

Daily exceedences

CONCENTRATIONS IN ITALY – DAILY AVERAGES
3

Urban/Suburban Traffic year 2002 Number of daily exceedences of the forthcoming limit value ( 50

Daily exceedences

MAX

(35 in a year)

Urban

CONCENTRATIONS IN ITALY (1998
3

Number of daily exceedences of 50

104,83
2

Annual average

3

italian

10

Italian emissions of primary PM10 decreased of about 25% between 1990 and 2001.

Mg

250.000

200.000

150.000

100.000

50.000

Total

italian

during the last decade

transport is one of the

environmental pressures concerning .

NATIONAL ITALIAN EMISSIONS OF PM PRECURSORS (NO , SO , COVNM and NH3 1990=100

, NO

. .

meteo

contribution.

ANNUAL CONCENTRATIONS PM SOME CITIES > 1.000.000 INHABITANTS

years

italian

Concerning PM2,5 levels in Italy:
3

. annual concentrations in Milan urban site is 42

in 2002;

. in a rural area of Piemonte the 8

) average concentration in 2003 is

29

3 3.

. annual concentration in Bologna urban background site is 36

Motorcar fleet composition for fuel

Italy

Percent increase

travelled

Italy

Percent increase in vehicle km travelled in the years 1990 1999 in Italy (base year 1990 = 100)

Percent increase

travelled

Italy

Percent increase in vehicle-km travelled in the years 1990-1999 in Italy (base year 1990 = 100)

Vehicles (<3.5 t.) Heavy Duty Vehicles (>3.5 t.

Motorcycles < Motorcycles >

Italy
industrial combustion Production processes Other mobile sources

– Energy and transformation industry

– Manufacturing industry

Waste treatment and disposal

of ozone and secondary PM

Target 2010

Italy
fossil fuels sources Other emission sources and .

– Energy and transformation industry

Extraction and distribution

treatment and

VOC are also precursors of ozone and secondary PM

2010

Review of transport policies in italian urban areas

Here are some elements derived from a critical review of project and implemented in the main Italian cities for improving air qua

MAIN PURPOSES OF THE REVIEW ž Make a national inventory of the ongoing projects ž Evaluate how project aims and contents are presented to stakeho ž Assess environmental performance of analyzed projects ž Analyse people level of information, communication and feedback ž transferability of experiences in different urban contexts

ACTIVITIES: ž Analysis of the projects adopted in Italian cities ž In order to frame Italian experiences, analysis of the projects Framework Programs of the European Union

ž

Documents from Italian local authorities (Municipal reports on ž Final reports of projects of the European Framework Programs ž Web pages of Italian Municipalities, Italian Local Environmenta Union, Information Service on Local Mobility of the European Uni

ž

SUMMARY OF THE RESULTS
Description of measures adopted Indicators

Information about 4 representative Italian cities are organized as follows:

microg/cubic meter

to

microg/cubic meter

microg/cubic meter

PM annual average

microg/cubic meter

of

Intercomparison

To overall assess the mobility/environment projects in the Italian cities > 250,000 inhabitants, a encompassing dimension, state and environmental performance (including public information, consciousness and feedback). To determine the index for each thematic area of intervention, best available knowledge concerning the
Active and effective intervention; coherent and integrated measure planning; good user Intervention of partial effectiveness; presence of measure planning; moderate user perception Low and uneffective impact intervention; lack of planning; poor user participation

Catania

Genova

Messina

Milano

Palermo

Torino

Bari

Bologna

Napoli

Sustainable

Firenze

Roma

Venezia

Verona

Conclusions
In the analysis, difficulties arise in the evaluation

environmental issues in Italy.

terms of air pollutant emissions: it accounts
x

benefits is often missing and/or impossible to

CO emissions.

10

effects on environment and mobility is very

pooling, car sharing, mobility management) medium dimension in

local mobility system.

efficient accounting of feedbacks.

WHAT IS NEEDED

and dweller behaviour of urban areas. post” evaluations.

To improve feedback control on the whole intervention process.

To pay adequate attention (also in terms of resources)

To enhance user awareness on alternative and sustainable modes of transport.