these are the topics for the final test: Past continuous/ past simple Prepositions of movement verbs

of movement Imperatives for giving directions Places in town and university

Remember to use the links that are at the documentos section. (Links for the final test) See you this Monday at the ALEX.

Pasado Continuo - (Past Continuous)
El Pasado Continuo, es un tiempo verbal que describe acciones que estaban siendo realizadas en un momento del pasado al que se hace referencia y que luego continuaron, por ejemplo: Yesterday he was studying English. Ayer él estaba estudiando inglés. (Comenzó a estudiar antes de ese momento y continuó estudiando posteriormente) John was playing tennis at 10 a.m. John estuvo jugando tenis a las 10 a.m. (Comenzó a jugar tenis antes de las 10 a.m. y continuó haciendolo después) El Pasado Continuo se construye con el verbo auxiliar "to be" en su forma pasada y el verbo principal en infinitivo con la terminación ING:

Observa que la forma negativa se construye colocando la partícula NOTdespués del verbo TO BE. Puede usarse también la forma contraídaWASN'T o WEREN'T. También se puede utilizar este tiempo verbal para relatar dos accionesque sucedieron en el pasado y que una de ellas ya se ha completado. Para ello utilizamos el Pasado Simple para mencionar lo que ya finalizó y elPasado Continuo para relatar lo que sigue ejecutándose. When I left, he was studying the lesson. Cuando yo partí, el estaba estudiando la lección. They were singing when I broke the window. Ellos estaban cantando cuando yo rompí la ventana.

Past Continuous
[was/were + present participle] Examples:
 You were studying when she called.  Were you studying when she called?  You were not studying when she called.

Complete List of Past Continuous Forms

USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Past

Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually a shorter action in the Simple Past. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time. Examples:
 I was watching TV when she called.  When the phone rang, she was writing a letter.  While we were having the picnic, it started to rain.  What were you doing when the earthquake started?

 At midnight.  While I was writing the email.  Sammy was waiting for us when we got off the plane. Examples:  Last night at 6 PM. I was eating dinner. I was sitting at my desk at work. described above. the computer suddenly went off. someone stole his car. Examples: . However. a specific time only interrupts the action.  Yesterday at this time.  You were not listening to me when I told you to turn the oven off. IMPORTANT In the Simple Past.  A: What were you doing when you broke your leg? B: I was snowboarding.  While John was sleeping last night. so I didn't hear the fire alarm. a specific time is used to show when an action began or finished. In the Past Continuous. USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption In USE 1. you can also use a specific time as an interruption. the Past Continuous is interrupted by a shorter action in the Simple Past. I was listening to my iPod. we were still driving through the desert.

I ate dinner.  Last night at 6 PM. I STARTED EATING AT 6 PM. Last night at 6 PM. and I wasn't working either.  They were eating dinner. it expresses the idea that both actions were happening at the same time. AND AT 6 PM.  What were you doing while you were waiting?  Thomas wasn't working. discussing their plans. I STARTED EARLIER. USE 3 Parallel Actions When you use the Past Continuous with two actions in the same sentence. and having a good time. we often use a series of parallel actions to describe the atmosphere at a particular time in the past. USE 4 Atmosphere In English. Examples:  I was studying while he was making dinner.  Were you listening while he was talking?  I wasn't paying attention while I was writing the letter. so I made several mistakes. I WAS IN THE PROCESS OF EATING DINNER. Example: . I was eating dinner. The actions are parallel.  While Ellen was reading. Tim was watching television.

 He was constantly talking. They have similar meanings." Other clauses begin with "while" such as "while she was sleeping" and "while he was surfing. some were talking on the phones. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing. Others were complaining to each other about the bad service. the boss was yelling directions. and customers were waiting to be helped. Examples: . He annoyed everyone. While vs. The concept is very similar to the expression "used to" but with negative emotion. several people were busily typing. but they emphasize different parts of the sentence. When I walked into the office. USE 5 Repetition and Irritation with "Always" The Past Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happened in the past. Some clauses begin with the word "when" such as "when she called" or "when it bit me. but are often not complete sentences. whereas "while" is usually followed by Past Continuous. "when" is most often followed by the verb tenseSimple Past." Examples:  She was always coming to class late." When you talk about things in the past." Study the examples below. One customer was yelling at a secretary and waving his hands.  I didn't like them because they were always complaining. "While" expresses the idea of "during that time. When Clauses are groups of words which have meaning.

never. Examples:  You were just studying when she called.  Were you just studying when she called? ACTIVE / PASSIVE Examples:  The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. she called. Not Correct  Jane was at my house when you arrived. just. Correct ADVERB PLACEMENT The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always. still. you must use Simple Past. I was studying when she called. ever.  While I was studying. etc. Also. PASSIVE . Instead of using Past Continuous with these verbs. certain non-continuous meanings for Mixed Verbs cannot be used in continuous tenses. Examples:  Jane was being at my house when you arrived. REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs / Mixed Verbs It is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses. ACTIVE  The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store. only.

1. Incorrect answers have been left in place for you to change. . Some of your answers are incorrect.More About Active / Passive Forms Verb Tense Exercise 3 Simple Past / Past Continuous Your score is 0%. do) B: I (try) when the accident occurred? to change a light bulb that had burnt out. A: What (you.

Sebastian (arrive) library) at Susan's house a little before 9:00 PM. there. the secretary (talk) on the phone with a customer. she (watch. Where were you? 7. Sandy is in the living room watching television. but you (be. immediately) to the police and (turn) it in. several clerks (work. I (go. there. After I (find) the wallet full of money. . not) out at the fitness center. but she (be. When I (walk) into the busy office. That's all she ever does! 6. at the 5. also) television. She (study. At this time yesterday.2. not) for her final examination in French. The doctor (say) couple of days. 3. that Tom (be) too sick to go to work and that he (need) to stay at home for a 4. A: I (call) B: I (work) you last night after dinner.

I (walk) and (try) to sell their goods to naive their donkeys through the narrow streets on their way over to a man who (sell) fruit . 9. Some young boys (lead) over the price of a leather belt. Sharon (be) not) . 12. but she didn't hear anything because she (listen. 11. I (watch) a mystery movie on TV when the electricity went out. a couple of merchants (bargain. just) about you. in the room when John told me what happened. and two managers (discuss. 10. A couple of men (argue) for souvenirs. The Titanic (cross) the Atlantic when it (strike) an iceberg. busily) tourists who (hunt) home. Now I am never going to find out how the movie ends.busily) at their desks. It's strange that you (call) because I (think. quietly) methods to improve customer service. When I entered the bazaar. 8.

Verb Tense Exercise 4 Simple Past / Past Continuous Using the words in parentheses. she (live) there when the Berlin Wall came down. 14. her dirty dishes in the sink. actually) me to 15. She was so annoying! She (leave. I think she (expect. The firemen (rescue) the old woman who (be) trapped on the third floor of the burning building. 13. In fact. . Samantha (live) in Berlin for more than two years.and (buy) a banana. always) do them for her. complete the text below with the appropriate tenses. then click the "Check" button to check your answers.

It (be) her professor yell. Angela (call) classroom at UCLA. She said she (call) me on her cell phone from her biology for class. When Angela that my biology professor was quite good and While we were talking. I couldn't believe she (make) She said her biology professor was so boring that several of the students (sleep. but this time she wasn't sitting in class.Last night. Check Hint . but she said that the professor was at the front of the hall lecturing while a phone call during the lecture. to me. the phone rang once up the phone and went to the kitchen to make dinner. actually) (talk) (tell) (suggest) about their plans for the weekend and the student next to her (draw) me she was not satisfied with the class. I asked what was going on. I asked her if she (wait) she (talk) . Some of the students a picture of a horse. are you making a phone call?" Suddenly. I (hear) (hang) again. while I was doing my homework. the line went dead. As I (cut) Angela. I vegetables for a salad. "Miss. I (mention) that she switch to my class. in class.

I (have) b. a. . 3. then click the "Check" button to check your answers. We (wait) there for more than half an hour by the time the show began. I (hold) two tickets for the circus. We (be) b. Look.Verb Tense Exercise 16 Present and Past Tenses and Non-Continuous Verbs Using the words in parentheses. 2. complete the text below with the appropriate tenses. Look. two tickets for the circus. 1. there for more than half an hour by the time the show began. a.

I (love) b. at two elephants doing tricks in the ring.a. 4. Right now. a glass of wine on his head. Right now. a. a. One clown was juggling while he (have) a glass of wine on his head. I (go) the circus ever since I was a child. . Sam (be) in the seat next to me when the clown threw a bucket of water at me. I (look) two elephants doing tricks in the ring. One clown was juggling while he (balance) b. in the seat next to me when the clown threw a bucket of water at me. a. I (see) b. 5. Sam (sit) b. to the circus ever since I was a child. 6.

.Past simple .Lección 19ª: "Past simple" versus "Past continuous" Gramática 1.

El "past simple" describe una acción pasada ya finalizada.Past continuous Indica que una acción se estaba desarrollando en cierto momento del pasado al cual se hace referencia. Yesterday evening when you called me I was having a shower When the parents arrived home the children were watching TV Otra diferencia entre ambos tiempos es que el "past continuous" se utiliza a veces para indicar que la acción es más casual. No dice si la acción ya finalizó o todavía continuaba. un tanto extraordinario. from 8 to 10. por lo que quiero destacarlo) . que suelo hacer con frecuencia. menos planificada. Yesterday morning. por lo que no lo resalto) Yesterday morning. When I was young I lived in Madrid (ahora vivo en Barcelona) 2. When the mother came home her husband was playing with the kids (no sabemos si terminó de jugar en ese momento o continuó jugando) A veces se describen dos acciones simultáneas que tuvieron lugar en el pasado. from 8 to 10. En dicho caso. se utiliza el "past imple" para describir aquella que finalizó y el "past continuous" para aquella otra que estaba ocurriendo cuando la primera tuvo lugar. I was running (algo rutinario.. I ran (algo diferente.

.Escribe el verbo entre paréntesis en "past simple" o "past continuous" según corresponda: .Exercises 1.

4. I was watching TV 2. Last Saturday when my brother arrived.0 Respuestas Correctas 1. 7. Last Friday my father went to Paris to visit my brother who works there My girlfriend didn't come with us to the cinema because she was studying 8. Yesterday it rained all day and the river almost burst its banks Last night when I left the party two gangs of hooligans were fighting They finished the new bridge in time for the Olympic Games 5. . 6. The police arrested the murderer when he was attacking an old woman My uncle lost all his fortune playing in casinos 3.

Last night when the thieves broke into my house I was sleeping My parents got married in the Cathedral of Seville 40 years ago The Socialist Party won the last elections and is now in power The other day when I was playing tennis I hurt my leg 12. 13. 14.9. 15. 11. Susan studied Law in the university of Madrid . Philip died at home in very strange circumstances 16. When the teacher entered the classroom the students were speaking very loudly That terrible accident happened yesterday evening 10.

Yesterday night it was raining when we left the Theatre . 24. 23. 20.17. The plane crashed into the mountains due to the weather conditions He arrived late at the station and missed his train 19. The mother went to calm her little baby because she was crying My neighbour had a heart attack last year and still hasn't fully recovered This morning while my friends played football I was doing my homework Last summer we went to the south of Spain for our holiday 21. Yesterday when you came home I was walking the dog 18. 22.

This morning the dog attacked the postman when he was delivering the mail .25.

Acción que se desarrolló y completó en un periodo de tiempo ya finalizado.0ª: "Past simple" vs "Present perfect" Gramática Ambos tiempos describen acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado. sin que se de ninguna información sobre cual ha sido su repercusión en el tiempo presente.Acción que se desarrolló y finalizó en el pasado. si bien presentan ciertas diferencias: a) Past Simple . When I was young I played tennis (no nos da ninguna infomación sobre si en la actualidad sigo jugando al tenis o no) . .

This morning I had a very tense meeting with my boss (ya es por la tarde, la mañana ha finalizado) Yesterday I went to the cinema with my friends b) Presente Perfect - Acción que se inició en el pasado y que aún continúa desarrollándose. I have worked in this bank for ten years (todavía continúo en el banco) - Acción que acaba de finalizar. I have missed my train (lo acabo de perder) - Acción que se ha desarrollado en un periodo de tiempo que aún no ha terminado. This morning I has had a very tense meeting with my boss (aún es por la mañana) Today I have visited my parents (el día todavía no ha finalizado) - Acción desarrollada en el pasado pero cuya repercusión aún se manifiesta en el tiempo presente. My brother has broken his glasses (las gafas se han roto recientemente y siguen rotas) Comparar con la siguiente oración: My brother broke his glasses (no sabemos si las gafas ya están arregladas o no)

Para terminar, señalar que en ocasiones las diferencias entre estos dos tiempos no son muy nítidas, y de hecho en algunos casos cabría utilizar cualquiera de ellos.

ast Continuous (Pasado continuo)
Ver tabla de conjugacion: Past Continuous

Grammatical Rules (Reglas gramaticales)

Form (Forma) Para formar el pasado continuo se utiliza el verbo auxiliar "to be" y el gerundio (infinitivo + "-ing") del verbo. El verbo auxiliar "to be" está en el pasado simple, pero ten en cuenta que "to be" es un verbo irregular.
Sujeto Auxiliar (to be) Gerundio

I, He, She, It


talking, eating, learning, doing, going... talking, eating, learning, doing, going...

You, We, They


Structure (Estructura) 1. Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas)

o o o o

Ejemplos: I was talking. (Estaba hablando.) He was eating. (Estaba comiendo.) They were learning. (Estaban aprendiendo.) EstructuraSujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to be") + gerundio.

2. Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)

o o o o

Ejemplos: I was not [wasn't] talking. (No estaba hablando.) He was not [wasn't] eating. (No estaba comiendo.) They were not [weren't] learning. (No estaban aprendiendo.) EstructuraSujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to be") + "not" + gerundio.

3. Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas)

o o o o

Ejemplos: Were you talking? (¿Estabas hablando?) Was he eating? (¿Estaba comiendo?) Were they learning? (¿Estaban aprendiendo?) EstructuraVerbo auxiliar ("to be") + sujeto + gerundio?

Uses (Usos) 1. El pasado continuo lo utilizamos para una acción larga que ya en el pasado fue interrumpido. La acción que se interrumpe está en pasado continuo y la acción que provoca la interrupción está en pasado simple. "When" y "while" señalan el uso del pasado simple y continuo. En general, usamos el pasado simple directamente después de "when" y el pasado continuo después de "while."

o o o o

Ejemplos: Jose called while I was watching the news. (Jose llamó mientras estaba mirando las noticias.) He was walking to work when he fell. (Estaba caminando hacia su trabajo cuando se cayó.) Was it raining when you left? (¿Estaba lloviendo cuando te fuiste?)

Play see (la vista. o o o o o o Ejemplos Paula wasn't living in Spain in 2005. uno de acción y otro estático. Se usa el pasado continuo para dos acciones que estaban ocurriendo al mismo tiempo en el pasado.2. Ver una lista y explicación aqui. (Mi hijo estaba leyendo mientras que yo estaba cocinando. (Todavía estabamos trabajando a las 10 de la noche. (Estaban hablando muy alto mientras nosotros estábamos intentando mirar la pelicula. encontrarás el significado que no podemos usar en los tiempos continuos con la traducción al español. Ejemplos My son was reading while I was cooking. (Paula no estaba viviendo en España en el 2005. sentir). Continuous Verb Tenses (Tiempos continuos de los verbos) A continuación tenemos la lista de los verbos que no podemos usar en los tiempos continuos. . Se usa el pasado continuo para hablar sobre acciones en un tiempo específico en el pasado. Los verbos de sentido: Play feel (el tacto. ver).) Nota: Hay unos verbos que no solemos usar en los tiempos continuos. ) 3. 1. oir). La lista se encuentra clasificada en grupos según el tipo. son verbos estáticos y no de actividad (dinámicos). Si hay más de un significado para un mismo verbo. En general.) They were talking very loudly while we were trying to watch the movie.) We were still working at 10 o'clock last night. Play hear (el oido. Algunos de estos verbos pueden tener dos significados.

right? (¿Te veré luego. Nota: Si la percepción es voluntaria. 2. Voluntaria: Play I am seeing you later. sabor) o o o o o o o o o o o Ejemplos: Involuntaria: Play I (can) see you. Play taste (el gusto. right? Play I am tasting the soup to see if it is as good as it smells. (Te veo. (Estoy probando la sopa para ver si es tan buena como huele. Verbos emotivos: Play believe (creer). Play . Usamos el verbo "to listen" para oir de forma voluntaria. ) I taste the soup right now. Play It smells like you are cooking something.) I am seeing you.Play smell (el olfato. se puede usar la forma continua. (Huele como que estás cocinando algo. no?) I see you later. olor). Play dislike (no gustar).) It is smelling like you are cooking something.

doubt (dudar). Play realize (dar cuenta). Play know (saber. Play imagine (imaginar). Play think (creer). querer). Play prefer (preferir). Play hate (odiar). acordarse). Play remember (recordar. Play like (gustar). Play love (encantar. amar. Play suppose (suponer). conocer). Play recognize (reconocer). Play .

Play You think there is something wrong? You are thinking there is something wrong? 3. Don't worry. Play want (querer). comprender). Play wish (esperar) o o o o o o o Ejemplos: Play You're lying. I don't believe you! You're lying. Play seem (parecer). estar).understand(entender. Play . he is understanding you. Play need (necesitar). he understands you. I am not believing you! Play Don't worry. Play cost (costar). Verbos de estado o verbos abstractos: Play be (ser.

si lo usamos para referirnos a la conducta de alguien. David is needing a new car. Play I don't care if you don't like it. Play contain (contener). Entonces. I am being ill. Cigarettes are costing 5 euros now. Play exist (existir) o o o o o Ejemplos: Play I am ill. (*Significa que "eres you are going to eat it! . Play You are silly. podemos usar el tiempo continuo.") Play You are being silly. "to be" es un verbo estático pero podemos usarlo también para hablar del comportamiento. Play Cigarettes cost 5 euros now. you are going to eat it! I'm not caring if you are not liking it.") Nota: Normalmente. (*Significa que "ahora te estás portando como un tonto. o o o o o o o Otros ejemplos: Play David needs a new car.

una cantidad. Play I am having dinner right now. I have dinner right now. Play have (tener). o o o o o Otros ejemplos: Play Ann owned a house when she lived in New York. I am having a car. no podemos usarlo en el tiempo continuo. Play own (poseer) o o o o o Ejemplos: Play I have [I've got] a car. Nota: Cuando usamos "to have" para refirirnos a algo que poseemos (una cosa.4. podemos usarlo en el continuo. Verbos de posesión: Play belong (pertenecer). Verbos de comunicación: . Ann was owning a house when she lived in New York.). Play possess (poseer). Pero si es parte de una expresión. etc. Play That belongs to me! That is belonging to me! 5.

Play promise (prometer). Play deny (negar). Play please (agradar). Play astonish (asombrar). Play impress (impresionar). Play surprise (sorprender)    Ejemplos: Play I disagree. .Play agree (acordar). Play disagree (no estar de acuerdo). I am disagreeing. I think it's a great idea. Play satisfy (satisfacer). I am thinking it's a great idea. Play mean (significar).

  Play You suprised me! You were surprising me! Verbos Irregulares Ingles Infinitive Past tense Past participle Meaning Conjugation Table .

Play arise Play arose Play arisen Conjugate arise surgir Play awake Play awoke Play awaken Conjugate aw ake despertar Play be Play was/were Play been Conjugate be ser/estar Play beat Play beat Play beaten Conjugate beat golpear Play become Play became Play become Conjugate become llegar a ser Play begin Play began Play begun Conjugate begin empezar Play bend Play bent Play bent Conjugate bend doblar .

Play bet Play bet Play bet Conjugate bet apostar Play bite Play bit Play bitten Conjugate bite morder Play bleed Play bled Play bled Conjugate bleed sangrar Play blow Play blew Play blown Conjugate blow soplar Play break Play broke Play broken Conjugate break romper Play bring Play brought Play brought Conjugate bring traer Play broadcast Play broadcast Play broadcast Conjugate broadcast emitir .

Play build Play built Play built Conjugate build construir Play burn Play burnt Play burnt Conjugate burn quemar Play burst Play burst Play burst Conjugate burst estallar Play buy Play bought Play bought Conjugate buy comprar Play can Play could Play could Conjugate can poder Play catch Play caught Play caught Conjugate catch coger Play choose Play chose Play chosen Conjugate choose elegir .

Play come Play came Play come Conjugate come venir Play cost Play cost Play cost Conjugate cost costar Play cut Play cut Play cut Conjugate cut cortar Play deal Play dealt Play dealt Conjugate deal tratar Play dig Play dug Play dug Conjugate dig cavar Play do Play did Play done Conjugate do hacer Play draw Play drew Play drawn Conjugate draw dibujar .

Play dream Play dreamt Play dreamt Conjugate dream soñar Play drink Play drank Play drunk Conjugate drink beber Play drive Play drove Play driven Conjugate drive conducir Play eat Play ate Play eaten Conjugate eat comer Play fall Play fell Play fallen Conjugate fall caer Play feed Play fed Play fed Conjugate feed alimentar Play feel Play felt Play felt Conjugate feel sentir .

Play fight Play fought Play fought Conjugate fight pelear Play find Play found Play found Conjugate find encontrar Play fit Play fit Play fit Conjugate fit quedar (de ropa) Play fly Play flew Play flown Conjugate fly volar Play forbid Play fordad(e) Play forbidden Conjugate forbid prohibir Play forget Play forgot Play forgotten Conjugate forget olvidar Play forgive Play forgave Play forgiven Conjugate forgive perdonar .

tener .Play freeze Play froze Play frozen Conjugate freeze helar Play get Play got Play got Conjugate get conseguir Play give Play gave Play given Conjugate give dar Play go Play went Play gone Conjugate go ir Play grow Play grew Play grown Conjugate grow crecer Play hang Play hung Play hung Conjugate hang colgar Play have Play had Play had Conjugate have haber .

Play hear Play heard Play heard Conjugate hear oir Play hide Play hid Play hidden Conjugate hide esconder Play hit Play hit Play hit Conjugate hit golpear Play hold Play held Play held Conjugate hold agarrar .sostener Play hurt Play hurt Play hurt Conjugate hurt herir Play keep Play kept Play kept Conjugate keep guardar Play kneel Play knelt Play knelt Conjugate kneel arrodillarse .

conocer Play lay Play laid Play laid Conjugate lay poner Play lead Play led Play led Conjugate lead dirigir Play learn Play learned / learnt Play learned / learnt Conjugate learn aprender Play leave Play left Play left Conjugate leave dejar / irse de Play lend Play lent Play lent Conjugate lend prestar Play let Play let Play let Conjugate let permitir .Play know Play knew Play known Conjugate know saber .

Play lie Play lay Play lain Conjugate lie echarse .tumbarse Play light Play lit Play lit Conjugate light encender Play lose Play lost Play lost Conjugate lose perder Play make Play made Play made Conjugate make hacer .fabricar Play mean Play meant Play meant Conjugate mean significar / querer decir Play meet Play met Play met Conjugate meet encontrar Play mistake Play mistook Play mistaken Conjugate mistake entender o interpretar mal .

Play overtake Play overtook Play overtaken Conjugate overtake adelantar Play pay Play paid Play paid Conjugate pay pagar Play put Play put Play put Conjugate put colocar / poner Play read Play read Play read Conjugate read leer Play ride Play rode Play ridden Conjugate ride montar Play ring Play rang Play rung Conjugate ring sonar Play rise Play rose Play risen Conjugate rise levantarse .

colocar .Play run Play ran Play run Conjugate run correr Play say Play said Play said Conjugate say decir Play see Play saw Play seen Conjugate see ver Play seek Play sought Play sought Conjugate seek buscar Play sell Play sold Play sold Conjugate sell vender Play send Play sent Play sent Conjugate send enviar Play set Play set Play set Conjugate set poner.

Play sew Play sewed Play sewn Conjugate sew coser Play shake Play shook Play shook Conjugate shake agitar. estrechar la mano Play shine Play shone Play shone Conjugate shine brillar Play shoot Play shot Play shot Conjugate shoot disparar Play show Play showed Play shown Conjugate show mostrar Play shrink Play shrank Play shrunk Conjugate shrink encoger Play shut Play shut Play shut Conjugate shut cerrar .

Play sing Play sang Play sung Conjugate sing cantar Play sink Play sank Play sunk Conjugate sink hundir Play sit Play sat Play sat Conjugate sit sentarse Play sleep Play slept Play slept Conjugate sleep dormir Play smell Play smelt Play smelt Conjugate smell oler Play speak Play spoke Play spoken Conjugate speak hablar Play spell Play spelt Play spelt Conjugate spell deletrear .

gastar Play split Play split Play split Conjugate split dividir Play spoil Play spoilt Play spoilt Conjugate spoil estropear Play spread Play spread Play spread Conjugate spread extender Play stand Play stood Play stood Conjugate stand estar de pie Play steal Play stole Play stolen Conjugate steal robar Play stick Play stuck Play stuck Conjugate stick pegar .Play spend Play spent Play spent Conjugate spend pasar .

procurar Play swear Play swore Play sworn Conjugate sw ear jurar Play sweep Play swept Play swept Conjugate sw eep barrer Play swim Play swam Play swum Conjugate sw im nadar Play swing Play swung Play swung Conjugate sw ing balancear .Play sting Play stung Play stung Conjugate sting pegar Play strike Play struck Play struck Conjugate strike golpear Play strive Play strove Play striven Conjugate strive esforzarse .

contar Play think Play thought Play thought Conjugate think pensar Play throw Play threw Play threw Conjugate throw tirar Play understand Play understood Play understood Conjugate understand entender . llevar Play teach Play taught Play taught Conjugate teach enseñar Play tear Play tore Play torn Conjugate tear rasgar .Play take Play took Play taken Conjugate take tomar.desgarrar Play tell Play told Play told Conjugate tell decir.

Play upset Play upset Play upset Conjugate upset afligir Play wake Play woke Play woken Conjugate w ake despertar Play wear Play wore Play worn Conjugate w ear llevar puesto Play weep Play wept Play wept Conjugate w eep llorar Play win Play won Play won Conjugate w in ganar Play withdraw Play withdrew Play withdrawn Conjugate w ithdraw retirar Play write Play wrote Play written escribir .

Verbos regulares .The Regular Verbs Infinitive Past tense Past participle Meaning Conjugation Table Play accept Play accepted Play accepted Conjugate accept aceptar Play account Play accounted Play accounted Conjugate account tener en cuenta Play achieve Play achieved Play achieved Conjugate achieve lograr Play act Play acted Play acted Conjugate act actuar Play add Play added Play added Conjugate add sumar Play admit Play admited Play admited Conjugate admit admitir .

Play affect Play affected Play affected Conjugate affect afectar Play agree Play agreed Play agreed Conjugate agree estar de acuerdo Play aim Play aimed Play aimed Conjugate aim apuntar Play allow Play allowed Play allowed Conjugate allow permitir Play answer Play answered Play answered Conjugate answ er responder Play appear Play appeared Play appeared Conjugate appear aparecer Play apply Play applied Play applied Conjugate apply aplicar .

Play argue Play argued Play argued Conjugate argue discutir Play arrange Play arranged Play arranged Conjugate arrange arreglar / concertar Play arrive Play arrived Play arrived Conjugate arrive llegar Play ask Play asked Play asked Conjugate ask preguntar Play attack Play attacked Play attacked Conjugate attack atacar Play avoid Play avoided Play avoided Conjugate avoid evitar Play base Play based Play based Conjugate base basarse .

Play believe Play believed Play believed Conjugate believe creer Play belong Play belonged Play belonged Conjugate belong pertenecer Play call Play called Play called Conjugate call llamar Play care Play cared Play cared Conjugate care importar Play carry Play carried Play carried Conjugate carry cargar / llevar Play cause Play caused Play caused Conjugate cause causar Play change Play changed Play changed Conjugate change cambiar .

Play charge Play charged Play charged Conjugate charge cobrar Play check Play checked Play checked Conjugate check comprobar / controlar Play claim Play claimed Play claimed Conjugate claim reclamar Play clean Play cleaned Play cleaned Conjugate clean limpiar Play clear Play cleared Play cleared Conjugate clear despejar Play climb Play climbed Play climbed Conjugate climb trepar Play close Play closed Play closed Conjugate close cerrar .

Play collect Play collected Play collected Conjugate collect recolectar Play commit Play commited Play commited Conjugate commit cometer Play compare Play compared Play compared Conjugate compare comparar Play complain Play complained Play complained Conjugate complain reclamar Play complete Play completed Play completed Conjugate complete completar Play concern Play concerned Play concerned Conjugate concern concernir Play confirm Play confirmed Play confirmed Conjugate confirm confirmar .

Play connect Play connected Play connected Conjugate connect conectar Play consider Play considered Play considered Conjugate consider considerar Play consist Play consisted Play consisted Conjugate consist consistir Play contact Play contacted Play contacted Conjugate contact contactar Play contain Play contained Play contained Conjugate contain contenet Play continue Play continued Play continued Conjugate continue continuar Play contribute Play contributed Play contributed Conjugate contribute contribuir .

Play control Play controled Play controled Conjugate control controlar Play cook Play cooked Play cooked Conjugate cook cocinar Play copy Play copied Play copied Conjugate copy copiar Play correct Play corrected Play corrected Conjugate correct corregir Play count Play counted Play counted Conjugate count contar Play cover Play covered Play covered Conjugate cover cubrir Play create Play created Play created Conjugate create crear .

Play cross Play crossed Play crossed Conjugate cross cruzar Play cry Play cried Play cried Conjugate cry llorar Play damage Play damaged Play damaged Conjugate damage dañar Play dance Play danced Play danced Conjugate dance bailar Play decide Play decided Play decided Conjugate decide decidir Play deliver Play delivered Play delivered Conjugate deliver entregar Play demand Play demanded Play demanded Conjugate demand exigir .

Play deny Play denied Play denied Conjugate deny denegar Play depend Play depended Play depended Conjugate depend depender Play describe Play described Play described Conjugate describe describir Play design Play designed Play designed Conjugate design diseñar Play destroy Play destroyed Play destroyed Conjugate destroy destruir Play develop Play developed Play developed Conjugate develop desarrollar Play die Play died Play died Conjugate die morir .

Play disappear Play disappeared Play disappeared Conjugate disappear desaparecer Play discover Play discovered Play discovered Conjugate discover descubrir Play discuss Play discussed Play discussed Conjugate discuss discutir Play divide Play divided Play divided Conjugate divide dividir Play dress Play dressed Play dressed Conjugate dress vistirse Play drive Play drove Play drove Conjugate drive manejar Play drop Play dropped Play dropped Conjugate drop dejar caer .

Play enable Play enabled Play enabled Conjugate enable habilitar Play encourage Play encouraged Play encouraged Conjugate encourage dar coraje Play enjoy Play enjoyed Play enjoyed Conjugate enjoy disfrutar Play examine Play examined Play examined Conjugate examine examinar Play exist Play existed Play existed Conjugate exist existir Play expect Play expected Play expected Conjugate expect esperar Play experience Play experienced Play experienced Conjugate experience experimentar .

Play explain Play explained Play explained Conjugate explain explicar Play express Play expressed Play expressed Conjugate express expresar Play extend Play extended Play extended Conjugate extend ampliar Play face Play faced Play faced Conjugate face encarar Play fail Play failed Play failed Conjugate fail reprobar Play fasten Play fastened Play fastened Conjugate fasten ajustarse Play fill Play filled Play filled Conjugate fill llenar / rellenar .

Play finish Play finished Play finished Conjugate finish acabar / terminar Play fold Play folded Play folded Conjugate fold doblar Play follow Play followed Play followed Conjugate follow seguir Play force Play forced Play forced Conjugate force forzar Play form Play formed Play formed Conjugate form formar Play gain Play gained Play gained Conjugate gain adquirir / conseguir Play handle Play handled Play handled Conjugate handle manejar .

Play happen Play happened Play happened Conjugate happen suceder Play hate Play hated Play hated Conjugate hate odiar / detestar Play head Play headed Play headed Conjugate head dirigirse Play help Play helped Play helped Conjugate help ayudar Play hope Play hope Play hope Conjugate hope esperar Play identify Play identified Play identified Conjugate identify identificar Play imagine Play imagined Play imagined Conjugate imagine imaginar .

Play improve Play improved Play improved Conjugate improve mejorar Play include Play included Play included Conjugate include incluir Play increase Play increased Play increased Conjugate increase incremetar Play indicate Play indicated Play indicated Conjugate indicate indicar Play influence Play influenced Play influenced Conjugate influence infuenciar Play inform Play informed Play informed Conjugate inform informar Play intend Play intended Play intended Conjugate intend tener la intención .

conllevar Play join Play joined Play joined Conjugate join unir / unirse Play jump Play jumped Play jumped Conjugate jump saltar Play kick Play kicked Play kicked Conjugate kick patear Play kill Play killed Play killed Conjugate kill matar .Play introduce Play introduced Play introduced Conjugate introduce introducir Play invite Play invited Play invited Conjugate invite invitar Play involve Play involved Play involved Conjugate involve suponer.

Play knock Play knocked Play knocked Conjugate knock tocar (la puerta) Play last Play lasted Play lasted Conjugate last durar Play laugh Play laughed Play laughed Conjugate laugh reir Play like Play liked Play liked Conjugate like gustar Play limit Play limited Play limited Conjugate limit limitar Play link Play linked Play linked Conjugate link unir / relacionar Play listen Play listened Play listened Conjugate listen oir .

Play live Play lived Play lived Conjugate live vivir Play look Play looked Play looked Conjugate look mirar Play love Play loved Play loved Conjugate love amar Play manage Play managed Play managed Conjugate manage administrar Play mark Play marked Play marked Conjugate mark marcar Play matter Play mattered Play mattered Conjugate matter importar Play measure Play measured Play measured Conjugate measure medir .

Play mention Play mentioned Play mentioned Conjugate mention mencionar Play mind Play minded Play minded Conjugate mind tener en cuenta Play miss Play missed Play missed Conjugate miss extrañar / perder (un bus) Play move Play moved Play moved Conjugate move mover Play need Play needed Play needed Conjugate need necesitar Play notice Play noticed Play noticed Conjugate notice notar Play obtain Play obtained Play obtained Conjugate obtain obtener .

Play occur Play occured Play occured Conjugate occur ocurrir Play offer Play offered Play offered Conjugate offer ofrecer Play open Play openned Play openned Conjugate open abrir Play order Play ordered Play ordered Conjugate order ordenar Play own Play owned Play owned Conjugate ow n tener (de propiedad) Play pass Play past Play past Conjugate pass pasar Play perform Play performed Play performed Conjugate perform rendir / realizar .

Play pick Play pick Play pick Conjugate pick escoger / elegir Play place Play placed Play placed Conjugate place colocar Play plan Play planned Play planned Conjugate plan planear Play play Play played Play played Conjugate play jugar Play point Play pointed Play pointed Conjugate point apuntar Play prefer Play preferred Play preferred Conjugate prefer preferir Play prepare Play prepared Play prepared Conjugate prepare preparar .

Play present Play presented Play presented Conjugate present presentar Play press Play pressed Play pressed Conjugate press presionar Play prevent Play prevented Play prevented Conjugate prevent prevenir Play produce Play produced Play produced Conjugate produce producir Play promise Play promised Play promised Conjugate promise prometer Play protect Play protected Play protected Conjugate protect proteger Play prove Play proved Play proved Conjugate prove probar .

Play provide Play provided Play provided Conjugate provide proveer Play publish Play published Play published Conjugate publish publicar Play pull Play pulled Play pulled Conjugate pull jalar Play push Play pushed Play pushed Conjugate push empujar Play raise Play raised Play raised Conjugate raise levantar Play reach Play reached Play reached Conjugate reach alcanzar Play realize Play realized Play realized Conjugate realize darse cuenta .

Play receive Play recieved Play recieved Conjugate receive recibir Play recognize Play recognized Play recognized Conjugate recognize reconocer Play record Play recorded Play recorded Conjugate record grabar Play reduce Play reduced Play reduced Conjugate reduce reducir Play refer Play referred Play referred Conjugate refer referir Play reflect Play reflected Play reflected Conjugate reflect reflexionar / reflejar Play refuse Play refused Play refused Conjugate refuse rechazar .

Play regard Play regarded Play regarded Conjugate regard considerar Play relate Play related Play related Conjugate relate estar relacionado Play release Play released Play released Conjugate release soltar / liberar Play remain Play remained Play remained Conjugate remain permanecer Play remember Play remembered Play remembered Conjugate remember recordar Play remove Play removed Play removed Conjugate remove remover Play repeat Play repeated Play repeated Conjugate repeat repetir .

Play replace

Play replaced

Play replaced

Conjugate replace


Play reply

Play replied

Play replied

Conjugate reply


Play report

Play reported

Play reported

Conjugate report


Play represent

Play represented

Play represented

Conjugate represent


Play require

Play required

Play required

Conjugate require


Play rest

Play rested

Play rested

Conjugate rest


Play result

Play resulted

Play resulted

Conjugate result


Play return

Play returned

Play returned

Conjugate return

retorner / regresar

Play reveal

Play revealed

Play revealed

Conjugate reveal


Play roll

Play rolled

Play rolled

Conjugate roll


Play save

Play saved

Play saved

Conjugate save


Play seem

Play seemed

Play seemed

Conjugate seem


Play separate

Play separated

Play separated

Conjugate separate


Play serve

Play served

Play served

Conjugate serve


Play settle

Play settled

Play settled

Conjugate settle

establecerse / saldarse

Play share

Play shared

Play shared

Conjugate share


Play shout

Play shouted

Play shouted

Conjugate shout


Play smile

Play smiled

Play smiled

Conjugate smile


Play sort

Play sorted

Play sorted

Conjugate sort

ordenar / clasificar

Play sound

Play sounded

Play sounded

Conjugate sound


Play start

Play started

Play started

Conjugate start


Play state Play stated Play stated Conjugate state afirmar Play stay Play stayed Play stayed Conjugate stay quedarse / permanecer Play stop Play stopped Play stopped Conjugate stop parar / detener Play study Play studied Play studied Conjugate study estudiar Play succeed Play succeeded Play succeeded Conjugate succeed tener exito Play suffer Play suffered Play suffered Conjugate suffer sufrir Play suggest Play suggested Play suggested Conjugate suggest sugerir .

Play suit Play suited Play suited Conjugate suit quedar / venirle bien Play supply Play supplied Play supplied Conjugate supply suministrar Play support Play supported Play supported Conjugate support mantener Play suppose Play supposed Play supposed Conjugate suppose suponer Play survive Play survived Play survived Conjugate survive sobrevivir Play talk Play talked Play talked Conjugate talk hablar Play tend Play tended Play tended Conjugate tend tener tendencia .

Play test Play tested Play tested Conjugate test probar Play thank Play thanked Play thanked Conjugate thank agradecer Play touch Play touched Play touched Conjugate touch tocar Play train Play trained Play trained Conjugate train entrenar Play travel Play travelled Play travelled Conjugate travel viajar Play treat Play treated Play treated Conjugate treat tratar Play try Play tried Play tried Conjugate try intentar .

desear .Play turn Play turned Play turned Conjugate turn voltear Play use Play used Play used Conjugate use usar Play visit Play visited Play visited Conjugate visit visitar Play vote Play voted Play voted Conjugate vote votar Play wait Play waited Play waited Conjugate w ait esperar Play walk Play walked Play walked Conjugate w alk caminar Play want Play wanted Play wanted Conjugate w ant querer.

Play warn Play warned Play warned Conjugate w arn advertir Play wash Play washed Play washed Conjugate w ash lavar Play watch Play watched Play watched Conjugate w atch ver Play wish Play wished Play wished Conjugate w ish desear Play wonder Play wondered Play wondered Conjugate w onder preguntarse Play work Play worked Play worked Conjugate w ork trabajar Play worry Play worried Play worried Conjugate w orry preocupar .



Observa que la estructura de la oración es similar a la del Presente Simple: . Ella limpió su casa. Aquí vemos su conjugación que en el español equivale al Pretérito Indefinido. Yo rompí la ventana.asado Simple . I broke the window. por ejemplo: She cleaned her house.(Simple Past Tense) El Pasado Simple es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para describir acciones que han sucedido en un tiempo anterior y que ya han finalizado.

(Puede que ya se lo haya devuelto). Ella me prestó un libro. En el cuadro superior se emplea el verbo To Play (Jugar) a modo de ejemplo. Él perdió las llaves. She lent me a book. .Tanto en la forma interrogativa como en negativa se utiliza comoauxiliar DID que es la forma pasada del verbo "TO DO" y acompaña al verbo principal en su forma infinitiva. como vemos en los siguientes casos: He lost the keys. (Puede que en el presente las haya encontrado). Al expresar una oración en Pasado Simple se entiende que la acción no guarda relación con el presente. En las negaciones puede utilizarse la forma contraída de DID NOT o sea DIDN'T.

 Did you call Debbie? . Simple Past FORM [VERB+ed] or irregular verbs Examples:  You called Debbie. En el primero de los casos forman su Pasado Simple añadiendo la terminación ED al infinitivo. Nosotros fuimos a Londres ayer. We went to London yesterday. Ellos vieron la película anoche. mientras que los irregulares reciben ese nombre por no seguir un patrón determinado y en este caso deben estudiarse individualmente.También es posible indicar el momento en que se desarrolla la acción para indicar el tiempo con mayor precisión: They saw the movie last night. Para poder formar una oración en tiempo pasado debemos distinguir dostipos: VERBOS REGULARES y VERBOS IRREGULARES.

 I didn't see a play yesterday. You did not call Debbie. These actions happen 1st.  He didn't wash his car.  Last year. I traveled to Japan. Examples:  I saw a movie yesterday. Sometimes. 4th. I didn't travel to Korea. but they do have one specific time in mind. the speaker may not actually mention the specific time. 3rd. .  Did you have dinner last night?  She washed her car. Complete List of Simple Past Forms USE 1 Completed Action in the Past Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. 2nd.  Last year. and so on. USE 2 A Series of Completed Actions We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions in the past.

Examples:  I lived in Brazil for two years. and then add the eggs? USE 3 Duration in Past The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past. walked to the beach. checked into the hotel at 9:00.Examples:  I finished work. pour in the milk.  A: How long did you wait for them? B: We waited for one hour.  They sat at the beach all day. for five minutes.  They did not stay at the party the entire time. A duration is a longer action often indicated by expressions such as: for two years. USE 4 Habits in the Past . and found a nice place to swim. and met the others at 10:00.  Shauna studied Japanese for five years. all day.  We talked on the phone for thirty minutes.  Did you add flour. all year.  He arrived from the airport at 8:00. etc.

when I was a child. this use of the Simple Past is quite similar to the expression "used to.  He didn't play the piano. we often add expressions such as: always. As in USE 4 above. they always skipped class." To make it clear that we are talking about a habit.The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past. often.  He played the violin. . but now she is very outgoing. usually. It can have the same meaning as "used to. never." Examples:  She was shy as a child. when I was younger. USE 5 Past Facts or Generalizations The Simple Past can also be used to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true.  Did you play a musical instrument when you were a kid?  She worked at the movie theater after school.  He didn't like tomatoes before. etc.  They never went to school. Examples:  I studied French when I was a child.

Examples:  You just called Debbie.. It is not important whether "when I paid her one dollar" is at the beginning of the sentence or at the end of the sentence. ever." These clauses are called when-clauses. The examples below contain when-clauses. she answered my question. only. However. When-clauses are important because they always happen first when both clauses are in the Simple Past. I paid her one dollar. never. Example:  I paid her one dollar when she answered my question. still.  She answered my question when I paid her one dollar.. Did you live in Texas when you were a kid?  People paid much more to make cell phone calls in the past. Some clauses begin with the word "when" such as "when I dropped my pen. just. . ADVERB PLACEMENT The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always. IMPORTANT When-Clauses Happen First Clauses are groups of words which have meaning but are often not complete sentences. the example below has a different meaning. etc. and then.. I paid her one dollar.. and then. and they are very important. Examples:  When I paid her one dollar." or "when class began. Both of the examples above mean the same thing: first. she answered my question. First. she answered my question.

Usamos el pasado simple para acciones completas en el pasado. El período de tiempo de estas acciones no es importante como en el español. Did you just call Debbie? ACTIVE / PASSIVE Examples:  Tom repaired the car. . ACTIVE  The car was repaired by Tom. PASSIVE Past Simple (Pasado simple) Ver tabla de conjugacion: Past Simple El pasado simple en inglés es equivalente al pretérito imperfecto y pretérito indefinido del español.

Grammatical Rules (Reglas gramaticales) Form (Forma) Para formar el pasado simple con verbos regulares. you. usamos el infinitivo y añadimos la terminación "-ed". we. it. she. he. they). La forma es la misma para todas personas (I.   Ejemplos: Play want → Play wanted  Play learn → Play learned  Play stay → Play stayed  Play walk → Play walked  Play show → Play .

Si el verbo termina en una vocal corta y una consonante (excepto "y" o "w"). sólo añadimos "-d.showed i Excepciones: 1. doblamos la consonante final. Con verbos que terminan en una consonante y una "y". se cambia la "y" para una "i". o o Ejemplos: Play change → Play changed o Play believe → Play believed 2. Para verbos que terminan en una "e". . o o Ejemplos: Play stop → Play stopped o Play commit → Play committed 3.

no hay reglas fijadas para formarlos. he.o o Ejemplos: Play study → Play studied o Play try → Play tried Nota: Hay muchos verbos irregulares en inglés. Con los infinitivos que terminan en "p". they) did had Pronunciamos la terminación "-ed" de forma diferente dependiendo de la letra que va al final del infinitivo. Desafortunadamente. En general la "e" es muda. we. "f". 1. she. excepto "t") pronunciamos la terminación" "-ed" como una "t". o o Ejemplos: looked Play [lukt] . "k" o "s" (consonantes sordas. it) / were (you. Verb Past Simple be do have Más información sobre los verbos irregulares Pronunciation (Pronunciación) was (I. A continuación tienes los tres verbos irregulares más comunes y los que actúan como verbos auxiliares.

o o Ejemplos: yelled Play [jeld] o cleaned Play [klind] 3. "z" (consonantes sonoras. Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas) o o o o o Ejemplos: I wanted to dance. (Aprendieron inglés. "l". "n". "m". excepto "d") o una vocal.) They learned English. Con los infinitivos que terminan en "b". (Quería bailar. Con los infinitivos que terminan en "d" o "t". (Era doctora.) She was a doctor. "v". (Le creímos. "g".o kissed Play [kisst] 2.) . o o Ejemplos: ended Play [endid] o waited Play [weitid] Structure (Estructura) 1. pronunciamos la "e" como una "i". pronunciamos sólo la "d".) We believed him.

el verbo auxiliar va en el pasado ("did") y el verbo principal se queda en el infinitivo. Generalmente.Sujeto + verbo principal. Nota: En frases negativas.) They didn't learn English. lo usamos con adverbios del tiempo como "last year". (No le creímos. (Kate trabajó el sábado pasado.) I didn't go to the party yesterday. 3.) Did they walk to school this morning? (¿Andaron a la escuela esta mañana?) 2. el verbo auxiliar va en el pasado ("did") y el verbo principal se queda en el infinitivo. Uses (Usos) 1. Negative Sentences (Frases negativas) o o o o o Ejemplos: I didn't want to dance. Ejemplos: .) Kate worked last Saturday..) Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to do") + "not" + verbo principal. o o o o o o Ejemplos: Tom stayed at home last night.. (Tom se quedó en casa anoche.) She wasn't a doctor. "last night". (No quería bailar. En este caso equivale al pretérito indefinido español. (No fui a la fiesta ayer. (No era doctora. El pasado simple se utiliza para hablar de una acción concreta que comenzó y acabó en el pasado. "yesterday". 2. Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas) o o o o o Ejemplos: Did you want to dance? (¿Querías bailar?) Was she a doctor? (¿Era doctora?) Did they learn English? (¿Aprendieron ingles?) Did you believe him? (¿Le creíste?) Verbo auxiliar ("to do") + sujeto + verbo principal? Nota: Como en frases negativas. Se usa el pasado simple para un serie de acciones en el pasado. (No aprendieron inglés) We didn't believe him.

(No comía carne durante años. (Estudió durante una hora por la mañana.) He studied for an hour in the morning. trabajó toda la tarde y no regresó a casa hasta las 10 de la noche. como el pretérito imperfecto español. También lo usamos para acciones repetidas o habituales en el pasado. Ejemplos: The Aztec lived in Mexico. (Recibí la buena noticia y llamé de inmediato a mi marido. Se utiliza para hablar de generalidades o hechos del pasado. (Tocaba la guitarra cuando era niño.) 4. Lo usamos para narraciones o acciones de períodos de largo tiempo en el pasado. (Caminaba 5 kilómetros hasta el trabajo cada día.) 3. Ejemplos: I worked for many years in a museum. o o o o o o o o o Ejemplos: We always traveled to Cancun for vacation when we were young. (Los aztecas vivían en México) I played the guitar when I was a child.) She didn't eat meat for years. worked all afternoon and didn't return home until 10 at night.) 1465 734 88 Delicious .) He walked 5 kilometers every day to work.) 5. (Trabajaba en un museo durante muchos años.o o I received the good news and immediately called my husband. como se usa el pretérito imperfecto español. (Siempre viajábamos a Cancun durante las vacaciones cuando éramos jóvenes.



Prepositions of Movement Overview | Prepositions of Movement | Prepositions of Place | Prepositions of Time Picture It Search .

For example:I moved to Germany in 1998. We use across to show movement from one side of a surface or line to another. across We use to to show movement with the aim of a specific destination. For example: She swam across the river.Sponsored Links Prepositions are used to show movement to or from a place. . For example:to. For example: The train went through the tunnel. through. He's gone to the shops. We use through to show movement from one side of an enclosed space to the other.

(The length of the road. . the hill. the platform.) the playground. the theatre. (from one side to the other) the road. the shop.. (from one side of an open space to the other) the opening. the policeman. across along around away from back to down into off onto (on to) out of over past the road. the room. the bridge. the stage..More prepositions of movement She ran.

a lot of sites say that around and round are the same. the tunnel. !Note . but they're used to show the purpose of the movement. the preposition at also shows the target of an action: The bowler was sent off for throwing the ball at the umpire. the shelter. If someone says "they were running around". For example: I threw the paper in the bin. the bus stop. it implies the movement is erratic. instead of to the batsman. At and in can also be used as prepositions of movement.round through to towards under up the track. . Let's have dinner at my place. especially in BrE. When used after some verbs. the hill. but there can be a difference. the door.

In BrE when we use "round" we imply a more definite purpose and a more circular movement. Prepositions of Movement (Preposiciones de Movimiento) Las preposiciones de movimiento son las palabras que utilizamos para indicar movimiento en una frase.For example: Children tend to run around at school. ¿PARA QUÉ SIRVEN? Las utilizamos para indicar diferentes formas de moverse en el espacio. El perro está corriendo hacia su dueño. For example: The athlete ran round the track. ¿CUÁLES SON? . The dog is running towards its owner. dando indicaciones específicas sobre el movimiento.

Ellos saltaron dentro de la piscina. La mujer está cruzando a través de la calle. The woman is crossing across the street. . El hombre está cruzando sobre el rió. ACROSS: Esta preposición significa 'a través de' y se utiliza para indicar que se cruza de un lado a otro. El hombre está caminando a lo largo de la carretera. TOWARDS: Esta preposición significa 'a/hacia' y siempre la utilizamos con el sentido de un dirección concreta. INTO: Esta preposición significa 'dentro de' y la utilizamos para indicar que nos movemos desde fuera hacia dentro de algo tridimensional.OVER: Esta preposición se utiliza con el significado de 'por encima de' y siempre indica algo que pasa por encima. They jumped into the swimming pool. The man is crossing over the river. ALONG: Significa 'a lo largo de' y se utiliza para indicar movimiento que sigue una línea determinada. The man is walking along the road.

* De forma coloquial e informal la podemos ver escrita como 'thru'. . The train goes under the ground.Los pasajeros están caminando hacia el avión. Ellas están caminando por delante de la floristería. THROUGH: La preposición 'through' significa 'a través de' y se suele utilizar para indicar las tres dimensiones de un espacio. The man is walking through the cars. BY: Esta preposición se utiliza cuando hablamos del medio de transporte que vamos a utilizar para desplazarnos. The passengers are walking towards the plane. El tren circula por debajo de la tierra. UNDER: Esta preposición se utiliza con el sentido de 'por debajo de'. They are walking past the florist's. PAST: La preposición 'past' significa 'por delante de' y da el sentido de que el sujeto está a la altura de un lugar. El hombre está caminando a través de los coches.

TO: La preposición 'to' indica el punto hacia donde nos dirigimos. El hombre fue a la biblioteca. AROUND: Esta preposición indica un movimiento circular ya que se traduce como 'alrededor de'. La mujer salió fuera de su casa.Maria fue en taxi a la playa. People go around the ride. OUT OF: Al contrario que 'into' esta preposición indica que se va desde dentro hacia fuera de un lugar. ON: A diferencia de la preposición 'by' si nos vamos a desplazar a pie debemos utilizar la preposición 'on' El cartero repartió a pie hoy. The man went to the library. Las personas van alrededor de la atracción. The woman went out of her house. Maria went by taxi to the beach. . The postman delivered on foot today.

The man walked between the pipes. . Los estudiantes vienen de un curso. The students come from a course. FROM: La preposición 'from' significa 'de' (con el sentido de desde) y se utiliza para indicar el origen de donde venimos.BETWEEN: La preposición 'between' la podemos utilizar con sentido de movimiento para indicar que ese movimiento se realizó en medio de dos cosas. El hombre caminó entre las tuberías.



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