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Roof Assembly (click for enlarged view) Deep

Medium

Shallow

Roof Garden Components Roof Garden Drainage Composite - CCW MiraDRAIN G4 Drainage Composite consists of a high compressive strength polystyrene core with "cups" and high-flow drainage channels allowing maximum water retention and drainage. A non-woven 100% post-industrial recycled content filter fabric and moisture retention mat is bonded to the retention side of the molded core to prevent passage of particles into the water reservoirs. MiraDRAIN G4 has a heavy-duty protection fabric bonded to the bottom of the composite, making this versatile product the key to simplified green roof installation and reduced labor costs. CCW MiraDRAIN G4 is designed to retain water in Roof Gardens while allowing excess water to quickly drain. In Carlisle Ultra-Extensive Roof Garden assemblies, MiraDRAIN G4 is the only layer required above the membrane before growth media and plants are applied. Packaged in 4' x 50' rolls. Root Barrier - Carlisle 40-mil non-reinforced GeoMembrane is a polypropylene sheet specifically formulated for use in below grade applications to resist root growth. GeoMembrane sheets are heat welded together to provide a monolithic roof cover. Carlisle GeoMembrane stops the most invasive roots before they can reach the waterproofing membrane. Available in 12' x 100' rolls. Protection Fabric - Carlisle CCW 300HV (16 oz/ sq. yd.) is a polypropylene non-woven needle-punched fabric, which is stabilized to resist soil chemicals, mildew, insects and is nonbiodegradable. Carlisle CCW 300HV protection fabric is designed to prevent abrasion to the

waterproofing membrane under the toughest conditions. Available in 40" x 200' and 12.5' x 200' rolls. Aluminum Roof Garden Edging - Carlisle Roof Garden edging products are designed to provide attractive and corrosion-resistant separation between the Roof Garden assembly and walkways, transitions, etc. Pre-punched for maximum drainage, Carlisle Aluminum Roof Garden Edging is available in 3", 4", 6" and 8" heights. Custom heights are available upon request. Aluminum Drain Boxes - Carlisle Aluminum Drain Boxes are designed to keep debris and growth media out of your roof's drains. Made of heavy 0.125" milled aluminum, Carlisle Aluminum Drain Boxes allow quick access with removable lids for periodic drain inspection. Available in 4", 8" and 12" heights. Custom heights available upon request. Roof Garden Growth Media - Carlisle's Engineered Growth Mediums for Roof Gardens are blends of carefully-selected materials optimizes for Roof Garden use. Designed to be lightweight while providing superior water holding capacity, Carlisle offers different growth mediums for the varying climatological regions of the country. Available in 1.5 - 2 cubic yard "Super Sack" bags as well as bulk truckloads.

The Ecofin Roofgarden system build up:

Sedum: Mature Mat or Plug Planting - Species to suit location / client requirement to

ensure maintenance free growth. Typically 40mm thick. Growing Medium: Formulated to provide the correct growing medium for healthy plant growth. Typically 40mm thick. Reservoir/Drainage Layer: Water is retained in cup shaped traps whilst drainage holes allows excess water to drain away, our drainage boards are manufactured from polypropylene. A glass fleece ensures any topsoil does not entre the crainage system. Ecofin TPO Waterproofing Membrane & Root Resistant Barrier: Uniquely formulated to provide non-toxic and recyclable first line of defence, it is extremely durable and has a long life expectancy 1.5mm thick. Ecofin Protect: Self adhesive underlay. Quick and easy to install and doubles the security of the system. Due to the properties of the membrane it has the ability to self seal if punctured by careless activities during and post installation 3mm thick. Deltatherm Insulation: To maximise U Values and thermal performance. Varying thickness but typically 100 - 120mm thick. Ecofin Vapour Control Layer: Self adhesive membrane for fast installation and secure protection. It encapsulates the insulation to guarantee maximum thermal efficiency of the system. Deck / Structure: Timber, concrete or metal deck. Accessories: Outlets - Metal Trims - Walkways.

There are two types of green roofs: intensive and extensive. Intensive green roofs can accommodate large trees, shrubs, and well maintained gardens. They can be regularly accessed and use is encouraged. The intensive roof garden is designed with a minimum of a foot of soil depth, which can add 80 150 pounds per square foot of load to the building structure. The design also includes complex irrigation and drainage systems because annual precipitation can not feed the more intensive plant life. Regular maintenance for an intensive roof garden is required. The extensive green roof is more low key. It can accommodate many kinds of vegetative ground cover and grasses. Plants from the Sedum genus are usually used because they are hardy and colorful. Access and use of the roof by the public is generally restricted for an extensive roof garden. The extensive roof garden is designed with only one to five inches of soil depth, which can add 12 50 pounds per square foot (dry weight) depending on soil characteristics and the type of substrate. The design also includes a simple irrigation and drainage system. Maintenance on an extensive roof garden is minimal. The construction of roof gardens can be difficult, due to the many layers involved. See figure 1 below.

The bottom layer is the roof construction. The roof construction must have a waterproofing layer that is durable enough to safeguard the structure over time with minimal maintenance. An example of a commonly used waterproofing agent is a fluid-applied rubberized asphalt waterproofing membrane. Above the waterproofing layer is the moisture retention protection mat that retains a portion of the precipitation for future plant usage. Contained within the moisture retention protection mat is a root retardant that prevents plant roots from penetrating. Root barriers often contain copper sulfate to retard plant growth. The next layer is the drainage layer. Various kinds of drainage layers are used by different contractors. Some layers have drainage channels that allow excess precipitation to collect and drain. Others contain small cups that collect excess precipitation that can be absorbed into the soil medium for plant use in the future. The water contained within the cups provides a moist, beneficial subsoil environment for the plants, without allowing fungus or root rot. Next a filter fabric mat is installed to prevent soil particles from entering the drainage layer. The final layer consists of the soil medium. Ordinarily, good soil is very heavy due to its high clay content (Wood 2004). Because of the loads already associated with green roofs, lighter

soil mediums are required. Soil medium used for green roofs is a combination of shale, pumice, sand, and organic matter. Care must be taken when preparing the soil mixture to prevent the export of pollutants. Mixes with large quantities of compost have been shown to export nitrogen and phosphorus. The USDA-Agricultural Research Service suggests providing the mix with a quality mature compost manufactured using industrial byproducts high in iron and manganese to reduce phosphorus solubility and increase heavy metal adsorption. The mix must promote hydrated plant life, but prevent over-saturation. The depth of the soil medium depends on the type of green roof under construction. The final step of the whole process is the selection and installation of the vegetation. Vegetation should be chosen for its ability to thrive in the local climate, withstand the harsh conditions of a roof, and imitate the surrounding landscapes diversity. It also needs to withstand direct radiation, drought, frost, and strong wind conditions. For an intensive green roof, trees, bushes, and other large plants are suitable. For an extensive green roof, smaller plants and grasses are more appropriate.

Taman Atap (Roof Garden)


Posted on Juni 3, 2010 by saiialuna Taman Atap (Roof Garden)

Kalian tentu tidak asing lagi dengan pemandangan di atas,tentunya. Taman atap. Atau dalam bahasa Inggrisnya disebut roof garden. Taman atap seperti ini dapat digunakan sebagai solusi untuk mengatasi keterbatasan lahan.Terutama pada kota-kota besar yang lahannya semakin sempit karena semakin banyaknya penduduk.

Pembuatan taman ini mungkin terinspirasi dari Taman Gantung Babylonia yang dibangun tahun 600SM oleh Raja Nebukadnezar,sebagai hadiah untuk permaisurinya yang merindukan kampung halamannya,Amytis. Banyak sekali manfaat yang kita dapat dengan adanya taman atap ini,seperti dapat menyimpan air sementara di lapisan tanah,menyerap gas polutan,meredam pemanasan radiasi sinar matahari,dan menurunkan suhu ruangan sekitar 1-2 derajat celcius,sehingga mengurangi penggunaan AC. Berikut ini adalah beberapa bahan yang digunakan dalam membuat roof garden : 1. lapisan dak : sebagai pelindung utama 2. waterproofing , bisa berupa membran atau screed (seperti cairan pengecat dinding) 3. drainage layer , lapisan drainage untuk aliran air pada area tanam 4. filter fabric/geotextile, lapisan penyaring dari air 5. media tanam , untuk pertumbuhan tanaman

Aquadyne is a unique and environmentally sustainable drainage product used in the construction of: Roof gardens - protection layer and drainage medium Roof decking Roof garden paving Planter construction (and planter lining) Hard landscaping and podiums Soft landscaping and green surfaces Installation: Protects structures and waterproofing from puncture and damage. Suitable for drainage of horizontal and vertical surfaces. Construct directly onto the drainage panels with paving, planting, decking or walls. Fast and simple to install. Accepts fixings easily for edgings and balustrades.

Aquadyne green roofs significantly reduce storm water run-off and have the potential to achieve zero water discharge from the green roof area. Rainwater harvesting is incorporated as part of the green roof system to supply irrigation to the living surface using a solar (electric) pump. 1m2 of Aquadyne green roof can evapotranspirate up to 3lts of water per day into the local atmosphere, improving air quality and reducing pollution. Air Quality Improvement: 150m2 of plant surface area produces enough oxygen for one person for 24 hrs.