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SIXSTEPPROCESSFOR BUILDINGACADEMICVOCABULARY

DR.ROBERTMARZANO

Providelearnersinformationabouttheterm. Determinewhatthelearneralreadyknowsabouttheterm. Asklearnerstosharewhattheyalreadyknowasameansofmonitoring misconceptions. Asklearnerstosharewhattheyalreadyknowtousethisknowledgeasafoundation formorelearning. Utilizeexamples,descriptions,butnotdefinitions.Definitionsarenota recommendedmethodforvocabularyinstructionastheydonotprovidelearnersan informal,naturalwaytolearnnewvocabulary. Instructlearningofpropernountermsthroughidentifyingcharacteristicsofthe propernoun. Remindlearnerstonotcopy,butusetheirownwords. Monitorstudentstodetermineifanyconfusionexists. Providemoredescriptions,explanations,orexamplesifnecessary. RequestthatstudentsrecordtheseintheirAcademicNotebookWorksheet.These notebookscantravelwiththelearnerashe/shemovesthrougheachgradeleveland becomeacompilationofvocabularytermsmastered. Provideslearnersanonlinguisticmethodofvocabularymastery. Shareexamplesofotherlearners'drawingsorallowstudentstoworkinteamsto helpthosewhocomplainthatcannotdraw. Teachtheconceptofspeeddrawingforthosewholabortoolongovertheirwork. Asklearnertosharetheirwork. UsegraphicsfrommagazinesortheInternet. Illustratingtermsthroughsymbols,drawingtheactualterm,illustratingwitha cartoon,ordrawinganexampleofthetermshouldbeencouraged. Remindlearnerstonotcopy,butusetheirownwords. Distributegraphicorganizerstoassistlearnersinorganizingtheirvocabularyterms. Encouragelearnerstoidentifyprefixes,suffixes,antonyms,synonyms,relatedwords forthevocabularytermas"newinfo"onthegraphicorganizer. IfEnglishisasecondlanguagetothelearner,provideanopportunitytotranslatethe wordintotheirnativelanguage PairShareStrategy: THINK:Allowthinktimeforlearnerstoreviewtheirowndescriptionsandimagesof theterms. PAIR:Putlearnersinpairstodiscusstheirdescriptions,images,andanynewinfo relatedtotheterms. SHARE:Provideopportunityforgroupstosharealoudanddiscussconceptionsand misconceptions. Monitoraslearnershelpeachotheridentifyandclearupconfusionaboutnewterms. Walkaroundtheroomandchecktheirworkwhenlearnersareworkingontheir graphicorganizer. Checkthenotebookstoevaluateaccuracy. Listenformisconceptionswhenlearnersareplayinggames/activities. Provideanopportunityforlearnerstoworktogether.

STEPONE:Theteacher willgiveadescription, explanation,orexample ofthenewterm.

STEPTWO:Theteacher willaskthelearnerto giveadescription, explanation,orexample ofthenewtermin his/herownwords. STEPTHREE:The teacherwillaskthe learnertodrawa picture,symbol,or locateagraphicto representthenewterm. STEPFOUR:Thelearner willparticipatein activitiesthatprovide moreknowledgeofthe wordsintheir vocabularynotebooks.

STEPFIVE:Thelearner willdiscusstheterm withotherlearners.

STEPSIX:Thelearner willparticipateingames thatprovidemore reinforcementofthe newterm.