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Trial STPM Penang Jit Sin 2012 Answer all questions.

Mathematics Paper 2

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dy = tan x + 2 dx 1. Solve the differential equation , given that y = 2 when π 4 x=. y cos 2 x 2. By using vector method, prove that the two diagonals of a rhombus are perpendicular to each other. 3. WXYZ is a trapezium in which WX is parallel to ZY and ZW = WX. Given that ∠ XYZ is twice ∠ XZY. Prove that WXYZ is a cyclic quadrilateral.[7]

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4. At noon, a ship A is 2 km to the north of ship B. The velocities for A and B are 12 kmh 1 to − the west and 15 kmh 1 to the north-west respectively. When are the ships nearest to each other ? Find the shortest distance between the two ships. [8] 5. The rate at which a substance evaporates is k times the amount of substance which has not yet evaporated, where k is a constant. If the initial amount of substance was A and the amount which has evaporated at time t is x, write down a 1 ln 2 k differential equation involving x, and solve it to give x in term of A, k and t. Sketch the graph of x against t. Show that the time taken for half the substance to evaporate is . [8] 6. (a) Prove that, for all values of x, cos 3x + cos 5x + cos 7x = cos 5x (4cos2x − 1). Hence, solve the equation cos 3x + cos 5x + cos 7x = 0 for 0 ≤ x ≤ π. π 2 (b) Find R (>0) and α (0 < α < ) such that for all values of θ, 27 cos θ + 3 sin θ = R cos(θ − α ) . 27 cos θ + 3 sin θ Hence, obtain the value of θ for which is maximum for 0 ≤ x ≤ π.

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7. A clerk produces documents with an average of 0.3 error per page. Find the probability that a document consisting of 15 pages has (a) no error, [2] (b) at least one error, [1] (c) at least one error on each of five pages and none on the others. [3] 8. Analysis of the results of a certain group of students who had taken examination in both mathematics and physics produced the following information : 75% of the students passed in mathematics, 70% passed in physics and 40% failed in at least one of these subjects. − 1−

Trial STPM Penang Jit Sin 2012

Mathematics Paper 2

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(a) Find the percentage of students who passed in exactly one of the two subjects. [4] (b) Of the students who passed in mathematics, find the percentage who also passed in physics. [3] 9. A certain variety of flower seed is sold in packets containing 1000 seeds. The packet claims that 40% will bloom white and 60% red. If five seeds are planted, estimate the probability that (a) exactly three will bloom white, [2] (b) at least one will bloom white, [2] If 100 seeds are planted, use approximation to estimate the probability of obtaining between 30 and 45 white flowers. [3] 10. The continuous random variable X has the probability density function f(x) given by a, 1≤ X ≤ 2   b, 2<X<4   0, otherwise  f(x) = where a and b are constants. (a) If the mean of X is 2.25, find the values of a and b. [3] 1 E[ ] X (b) Determine the value of . [3] (c) Find the value of k such that P(X < k) = 0.375. State, with a reason, whether the median m of X is greater than or less than k. [4] 11. The discrete random variable X denotes the number of ‘sixes’ shown when two fair dice are thrown. (a) Tabulate the probability distribution of X. [3] (b) Two dice are thrown repeatedly. Find the probability that in 5 throws, the result X = 2 occurs at least once. [3] (c) The dice are thrown n times. Find the least value of n such that P(X = 2 occurs at least once in n throws) > 0.9. [3] (d) Use an appropriate approximation to estimate the probability that in 150 throws, the result X = 2 will occur at least twice. [3] 12. The table below shows the weights of 100 students. Weight(kg) 313947556371Cumulative 1.00 0.98 0.90 0.76 0.50 0.26 Relative Frequency 790.10 870.04 950.00

“63-“ means 63 kg and above. (a) Find the mode of the weights of the students. [4] (b) Draw a cumulative relative frequency curve for the above distribution. From the curve, find the median and the inter-quartile range of the weights of the students. [9]

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