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Exercise 1

SECTION A
Answer all questions. Every question is followed by four answer A, B, C and D. Choose the correct answer. Then, blacken your answer on the answer sheet provided. The suggested time for this section is 45 minutes. If you are unable to answer a question, proceed to the next question. 1 The biggest planet in the Solar System is A B C D 2 Mars Earth Jupiter Mercury

Figure below is the illustrations sun, earth and moon.

Based on the illustrations in figure above, what conclusion can be made? A B C D The Earth is smaller than the Moon The is Sun is smaller than the Earth The Earth’s size is almost the same as the Moon The Sun is bigger than the Earth and the Moon

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In our Solar System, Earth’s nearest neighbour is the A B C D 4 Sun Moon planet Mars planet Venus

Which of the following are planets in the Solar System? P – Saturn Q – Comets R - Asteroids S - Neptune

A. B C D 5

P and Q only P and S only Q, R and S only P, Q, R and S

Which is true about the Earth? I II III IV A B C D The Earth is a planet with one moon The Earth is the fifth largest planet in the Solar System The Earth is the third farthest planet from the Sun A large part of the Earth is covered with water I, II, and III only I, II, and IV only II, III, and IV only I, II, III, and IV

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How many times of the Earth size is the Sun? A B C D About ten About one hundred About one million About one billion

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Alia gets information below from references book Most beautiful planet Surrounded by three wide rings They can be seen with a telescope

The statement above refer to A B C D 8 Saturn Uranus Jupiter Neptune

Diagram below shows an object in the sky.

What is the object shown above? A B C D 9 Asteroid Meteor Comet Star

Diagram below shows the position of asteroids.

Determine planet X. A B C D 10 Saturn Uranus Mars Pluto

The Solar System has ________ planets. A B C D 8 9 10 11

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Objects X can be found in various shapes and sizes. They form smaller rocks when they collided with each other. They can be found between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. What is object X? A B C D Asteroids Meteors Comets Natural satellites

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In figure below, X is the natural satellite of the Earth.

If a glass marble is used to represent the size of the Earth, which of the following can be used to represent the size of X? A B C D 13 football basketball sago grain An egg

Which planet has the coldest surface? A B C D Pluto Saturn Venus Mercury

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The Earth rotates on its axis. How long does the Earth take to make one rotation on its own axis?

A B C D
15 I II

60 minutes 24 hours 30 days 365 days

Which statements about the Moon are true?

III
IV

The Moon is the earth’s natural satellite We can see full Moon every night There is no oxygen to support life on Moon The Moon is twice the size of the Earth A B C D 16 I and III only I, II and III only II and IV only II, III and IV only

Which of the following statements are true? I II III IV The Moon gives out light. The Sun is made up of burning gases. The Sun gives out heat and light energy. All planets in the Solar System move around the Sun. I, II and III only I, III and IV only II, III and IV only I, II, III, and IV

A B C D

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Table below shows the average surface temperature of four planets in the Solar System. Planet P Q R S Average surface temperature ( 0C ) -23 420 -150 22 TABLE 1 Which planet is the nearest to the Sun?

A B C D
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P R Q S The following are four planets found in the Solar System.

P – Jupiter Q – Mars

R - Venus S - Neptune

Which of the following is the correct arrangement of the planets from the furthest to the nearest to the Sun? A B C D 19 P, Q, R, S R, Q, P, S S, P, Q, R S, P, R, Q

Which of the following is a star? A B C D The Sun The Mars The Moon The Earth

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Figure below shows the distance between the Sun and the Earth.

What happens if the distance is changed to 100 million kilometres?

A B C D 21

The Earth becomes colder. The Earth will not move around the Sun. There will be no living things on the Earth. The Earth becomes more suitable for living to live.

Figure below shows part of the Solar System.
Solar System

Planets

The Moon

Y

Comets

X

The Sun

What are X and Y? A B C D 22 X Stars Orbits Meteors Stars Y Meteors Asteroids Asteroids Galaxies

Figure below shows a crater formed on the Earth’s surface.

Which of the following may cause the formation of the crater ? A B C D 23 A comet A star A meteor The Moon Figure below shows a part of the Solar System.

Which of the following are true about planets X, Y and Z ? X – Planet X it has the same temperature as the Earth Y – Planet Y most of the water in the planet is frozen. Z – Planet Z it is the biggest planet in the Solar System. A B C D 24 X and Y X and Z Y and Z X, Y and Z Which of the following statements are true about the Solar System? I The Sun is the star of the Solar System II All planets in the Solar System move around the Sun III The planets in the Solar system reflect light from the Sun IV Comets and asteroids are parts of the Solar System. A B C D 25 I II III IV A B C D I and III only I, II and IV only II and IV only I, II, III and IV Which of the following factors will affect a planet’s ability to support lives? Absence of water Absence of air Absence of atmosphere Absence of technology devices I and III only II and IV only I,II and III only II, III and IV only

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The information below is about an object in the Solar System. • • What is the object? Has a head and a long tail Consists of ice, gas and dust

A B C D

Asteroid Meteor Comet Meteorite

27 I II III IV Moon Star Earth Sun

Which of the following can give out light on its own?

A B C D 28 I II III IV

I and III only II and IV only I, II and III only II, III and IV only

Which of the following are present only on Earth but not on other planets?

Air Water Stone Sunlight A B C D 29 I and II only II and IV only I, II and III only II, III and IV only

Figure below shows part of the Solar System.

Which of the planets above takes the shortest time to move around the Sun ? A B C D 30 N M L K

Figure below shows the Earth.

Which part is the atmosphere? A B C D P Q R S

SECTION B Answer all the question. 1. Match the words to the correct meaning.

a) Asteroid

Have long glowing tails.

b) Sun

A bright streak of light across the sky at night

c) Meteor

Are huge chunks of rocks that travel round the sun

d) Comet

An object that gives out light in the Solar system [ 4 marks ]

2.

Fill in the blanks with the correct word given. Jupiter Mercury centre eight

a) The biggest planet is ______________________ b) The Sun is in the ______________________ of the Solar System.

c) Neptune is the ______________________ planet from the Sun.
d) All the ____________ planet move around the Sun in a large oval path. [ 4 marks ]

3.

Diagram 1 (a) Name

(i) the biggest planet : ________ (ii) the nearest planet from the Sun : ____________
[ 2 marks ] (b) Which objects in the Solar System

(i)

give off their own light? _____________________

(ii)

do not give off their own light? ________________________ [ 2 marks ]

4 Diagram 2 shows three different sizes of balls which represent the Earth, the Moon
and the Sun. .

Football

Takraw ball Diagram 2

Ping-pong ball

(a)

Which ball represents

(i) (ii)

the Earth? : _____________________________ the Moon? : _____________________________

(iii)

the Sun? : ______________________________

[ 3 marks ]

(b) Give an inference for your answers in (a).
___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(c)

Predict what will happen if the Sun becomes two times bigger than its actual size now. ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

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Table 1 shows the time taken by some planets to finish its cycle in the Solar System. Planet Mercury Earth Jupiter Table 1 The time of the cycle 88 days 365 days 4337 days

(a) Which planet is the nearest to the Sun? ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(b) The planets are not colliding with each other. Why? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 6 Diagram 3 shows planets in the Solar System.

Diagram 3 (a) Name each planet in the Solar System. P: ______________________________________________________________ Q: ______________________________________________________________ R: ______________________________________________________________ S: ______________________________________________________________ T: ______________________________________________________________ U: _____________________________________________________________ V: _____________________________________________________________ W: _____________________________________________________________

[ 8 marks ] (b) What is the centre of the Solar System? ________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) Which is the biggest planet? ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (d) Which planet has the smallest orbit? Why? ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

7.

Diagram 4 (a) Can we live on the Sun? Why?

_________________________________ [ 1 mark ]

(b) Predict what will happen to all living things if there is no Sun.
____________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ] (c) Explain your answer to (b). ____________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ]

(d) What will happen to the Earth if moves towards the Sun? Why?
____________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ] (e) Is the Sun a planet, a star or a moon? ____________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ]