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Incineration

The dictionary definition of incineration is: To destroy by burning

Positive Advances in emission control have significantly lessened the health effects of dioxin and furan

Negative Incineration of both hazardous and harmless wastes may cause emissions of substances, which pollute the air, water and soil and have harmful effects on human health. In order to limit these risks, the European Union (EU) shall impose strict operating conditions and technical requirements on waste incineration plants and waste co-incineration plant. “By burning household trash we make the most toxic substances that we have ever been able to make in a chemical laboratory: polyhalogenated dibenzo para dioxins and furans (PCDDs, PCDFs, PBDDs, PBDFs etc) called "dioxins" for short”. Incinerators emit varying levels of heavy metals such as vanadium, manganese, chromium, nickel, arsenic, mercury, lead, and cadmium, which can be toxic at very minute levels It is quite expensive; it requires long contract periods to pay back the investments that have been stuck into incineration projects. For every four tons of trash burned you get at least one ton of ash: 90% is called bottom ash (that is the ash collected under the furnace) and 10% is the very toxic fly ash.

Incineration plants can generate electricity and heat that can substitute power plants powered by other fuels.

The bottom ash residue remaining after combustion has been shown to be a non-hazardous solid waste that can be safely put into landfills or recycled as construction aggregate. In densely populated areas, finding space for additional landfills is becoming increasingly difficult

MEDC use: There are many incineration facilities in MEDCs, some are privately owned while some are run are publicly owned. These facilities are large and are often forced to adhere to strict ecological regulations. There has been a recent increase of incinerator use in the western world, especially in Europe. This is due to nations realizing the harm of landfills and other forms of waste management being too expensive. LEDC use: There are fewer large incinerator plants in LEDCs. In rural areas there is however a lot of trash burning. This is considered a form of incineration, it is more dangerous because it is unregulated and the toxins are not filtered and cannot be regulated by government legislation.

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. like chipped wood. paper and paper board products.  It enriches soil by regenerating poor soils done by bacteria and microorganisms breaking down organic matter to create humus. It has a lot of environmental benefits. like grass and bushes.Composting The dictionary definition of incineration is: Decay organic material used as plant fertilizer  It reduces the need for chemical fertilizers.  Organic materials is the main content of waste Definition: A mixture of decaying organic material as from leaves and maunder used to improve soil structure and provide nutrients.  Helps clean up contaminated soil the compost process has also been shown to bind heavy metals this prevents them from migrating water resources and being absorbed by plants. wood waste.  It promotes higher yields of agricultural crops. Composting needs organic material and these include yard trimmings. food scraps.

batteries  Americans use 2.5 million plastic bottles every hour  80% of what Americans throw away is recyclable  Average UK citizen they get 38 kilos of news paper .Recycling The dictionary definition of incineration is: Processing used materials into a new product  To reduce combustion  Reduce energy  To reduce air and water pollution  To lower green house gas emotion  Type of recycling. textiles. glass paper.