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128

THE INERTIA-COEFFICIENTS OF AN ELLIPSOID MOVING IN FLUID. By HORACE LAMB, F.R,S.
Reports and Memoranda, No. 623. October, 1918.

W h e n a b o d y m o v e s t h r o u g h a frictionless fluid its i n e r t i a is a p p a r e n t l y modified in v a r i o u s ways. I n t h e case of rectilinear m o t i o n t h e effect is e q u i v a l e n t to increasing t h e m a s s of t h e b o d y b y k t i m e s t h e m a s s of t h e fluid which i t displaces, where k is a c e r t a i n c o n s t a n t d e p e n d i n g on t h e direction of m o t i o n relative to t h e body. F o r a sphere k = ½ ; for a c y l i n d e r m o v i n g b r o a d s i d e on k = 1. F o r a p r o l a t e ellipsoid of axes a, a, c, m o v i n g end-on, t h e coefficient is
_ Y

kl

2 - - "~

where

y =

2(1--e~)(1 1 1-~ - e ) ea 2- log l ~ e -- e ,

where e is t h e e c c e n t r i c i t y of t h e longitudinal section, viz. : e:

4[

1 --

C~

.

I f we p u t e = sin ¢, a = c cos ¢, we h a v e Y __ 2sin 2¢5 log t a n ac°s

(

• ~- ~ ~ - - sin

']

)

A f o r m u l a which is convenient, w h e n h y p e r b o l i c tables are a t h a n d is got b y p u t t i n g e -----t a n h u, c = a cosh u. I t is 2 y ----s ~ 2 u (u c o t h u - - 1). I n m a k i n g t h e following t a b l e t h e values of u were selected so as to give values of t h e r a t i o (c/a) of length to b r e a d t h , which should be as n e a r l y e q u a l to whole n u m b e r s as possible, w i t h o u t interpolation.

c/a.
1

k.

c/a.
4.99 6.01 6.97 8.01 9.02 9.97 oo

ki.
0.059 0.045 0.036 0-029 0.024 0.021 0

1-50 2-00 2.51 2.99 3.99

0.5 0.305 0-209 0.156 0.122 0.082

.....4-COEFFICIENT Of'AN O_LIPSOID •IOVING IN FLUID~ /-0 .... ~ .e~mm~ .. ... .. ~ ® ~ .... i¸........ ~ .¸. .. 7f/E /NERTI...--.~ ...REPORT Noaz3....~f 0"9 I-'--"-- !& I K ~7 #'6 / O'.... ~ ..~...~..... ~ m ~ ...... JlllJl~m~ ... i..~.5 / / Y J °°\/ ~3 _i! 0"/ 7 - 6 7 8 9 /o L .... ~ ..

465 0. the coefficient is k2 = 2 where 1 ---. If k' he the ratio of t h e a p p a r e n t increase of t h e m o m e n t t o t h e m o m e n t of i n e r t i a of the displaced fluid.99 6. 1 1.02 9. 1 1'50 2.860 4. The following k'. ]¢.99 3"99 0.094.02 9.954 0.865 0. ~..97 8.97 0.805 0.367 0.~ ¢ log t a n ~ 7 : + ~ ¢ 2U s i n h 2 u l" = ~ [ T h i s g i v e s the following results : via. 0.01 6.51 2.895 0.99 3.763 0.764 0.00 2.240 0. y h a v e t h e same meanings as before.97 0.960 1 T h e r e is a c o r r e s p o n d i n g correction to the m o m e n t of inertia for rotation a b o u t a t r a n s v e r s e diameter.918 0. the formula is e4 (~ _ ~.803 0.e 2 --~ l+e l o g 1 .99 6.e" 1 --e ~ ~ 2e W i t h the same meanings of ¢ a n d u as before e--sin2¢ or 1 1 1 s .933 0.129 F o r a prolate ellipsoid m o v i n g broadside-on.51 2.00 2. ~able is calculated from this : c/a.840 0.01 9.97 8.99 0 0.621 0.945 0.) e2) (~ y)} (2 - e2)( 2 e2 _ (2 - where g.01 6.608 4. C ]q.01 9.702 0.50 2.701 0.883 1 .