Nhóm 5

Academic: Có tính ch t h c thu t The students return in October for the start of the new academic year. • academe • academia • academically • academy Adjustment: S ñi u ch nh I've made a few adjustments to the design. • adjust • readjust • readjustment Alter: Thay ñ i, bi n ñ i (n i, ngo i) Prices did not alter significantly during 2007. He had altered so much I scarcely recognized him. Alter somebody/something It doesn't alter the way I feel. Nothing can alter the fact that we are to blame. • alterable • alteration • alternate • alternately • alternation • unalterable • unaltered Amend: S a ch a l i (ñ i v i văn b n: Lu t, h p ñ ng, tài li u) The contract has now been amended. • amendment Aware: Nh n th y, Nh n bi t As far as I'm aware, nobody has done anything about it. Aware of something I don't think people are really aware of just how much it costs. He was well aware of the problem. Everybody should be made aware of the risks involved. Aware that… Were you aware that something was wrong? • awareness • unaware • unawareness
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Nhóm 5
Capacity: (~skilled, competent ) Có tài, có năng l c, có kh năng Capable of something You are capable of better work than this. Capable of doing something He's quite capable of lying to get out of trouble. I'm perfectly capable of doing it myself, thank you. • incapacitate Challenge: S khư c t It was a direct challenge to the president's authority. • challenged • challenger • challenging Clause: ði u kho n (trong hi p ư c, b lu t…) There is a clause in the contract forbidding tenants to sublet. Compound: H p ch t, t ghép… (th g m 2 th tr lên h p thành) Common salt is a compound of sodium and chlorine. Conflict: S xung ñ t, ñ i l p, s va ch m John often comes into conflict with his boss. She found herself in conflict with her parents over her future career. The government has done nothing to resolve the conflict over nurses' pay. Consultation: S tham kh o, bàn b c, s th o lu n The decision was taken after close consultation with local residents. • consult • consultancy • consultant • consultative Contact: S liên l c, liên h She's lost contact with her son. I finally made contact her in Paris. Have you kept in contact with any of your friends from college? The organization put me in contact with other people in a similar position. • contactable Decline: S suy s p, tàn t , suy tàn The town fell into (a) after the mine closed. Industry in Britain has been in decline since the 1970s.
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Nhóm 5
Discretion: S t do làm theo ý mình, s tùy í I'll leave it up to you to use your discretion. • discrete • discretely • discreteness • discretionary • indiscretion Draft: B n phác th o I've made a rough draft of the letter. (phác th o nháp) The legislation is still in draft form. • redraft Enable: (~allow): Làm cho có th (help?) The software enables you to create your own DVDs. Insulin enables the body to use and store sugar. Energy: Năng lư ng It is important to conserve energy. • energetic • energetically Enforce: Ép bu c. (obey: tuân theo) The legislation will be difficult to enforce. It is the duty of the police to enforce the law. United Nations troops enforced a ceasefire in the area. (l nh ng ng b n) • enforceable • enforced • enforcement Entity: Th c th , s t n t i These countries can no longer be viewed as a single entity. The unit has become part of a larger department and no longer exists as a separate entity. Equivalent: Tương ñương 250 grams or an equivalent amount in ouncesequivalent to something Eight kilometres is roughly equivalent to five miles. • equivalence
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Nhóm 5
Evolution: Ti n hóa, ti n tri n (quá trình) Darwin's theory of evolution • evolutionarily • evolutionary • evolutionism • evolutionist • evolve Expansion: S m r ng, s phát tri n The expansion of higher education will continue. • expand • expansionism • expansionist • expansive • expansively • expansiveness Expose: (~reveal ) V ch tr n, phơi bày My job as a journalist is to expose the truth. Expose something to somebody He did not want to expose his fears and insecurity to anyone. • exposed • exposure External: ngoài, bên ngoài The lotion is for external use only (= only for the skin and must not be swallowed). • externality • externalization • externalize • externally Facilitate: Làm cho d dàng, kh thi hơn The new trade agreement should facilitate more rapid economic growth. • facilitation • facilitator • facility

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Nhóm 5
Fundamental: (~basic, essential ) Cơ b n, cơ s , ch y u There is a fundamental difference between the two points of view. A fundamental change in the organization of health services was required. • fundamentally Generate: Sinh ra, phát ra We need someone to generate new ideas. Generation: Th h I often wonder what future generations will make of our efforts. Image: Hình tư ng The aim is to improve the public image of the police. • imagery Liberal: Khoan dung, khoan h ng, dung hòa A liberal attitude Her parents were very liberal. • liberalism • liberalization • liberalize • liberally • liberate • liberated • liberation • liberator Licence: Gi y phép A licence for the software You need a licence to fish in this river. • unlicensed Logic: Lô gic, tính lô gic I fail to see the logic behind his argument. • illogical / • logical • illogicality • illogically
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• logically • logician Margin: s khác nhau trong s phi u b u He won by a narrow margin. She beat the other runners by a margin of ten seconds. • marginal • marginally Medical: (thu c) Y, Y h c Medical school: trư ng y A medical officer: quân y sĩ • medically Mental: (thu c) trí tu , (thu c) trí óc I made a mental note to talk to her about it He has a complete mental block (= difficulty in understanding or remembering) when it comes to physics. • mentality • mentally Modify: (~adjust) Làm d u nh , xoa d u; (~ adapt): S a ñ i, thay ñ i The software we use has been modified for us. • modification • unmodified Monitor: Quan sát, theo dõi (s thay ñ i) Network: M ng lư i, h th ng A network of veins Notion: Khái ni m, ni m, ni m tin, quan ñi m She had only a vague notion of what might happen. Notion (that…) I have to reject the notion that greed can be a good thing. Objective: Khách quan I can’t be objective when I judge my daughter’s work. • objectively • objectivity

Nhóm 5

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Nhóm 5
Orientation: S ñ nh hư ng He's very secretive about his political orientation. orientation to/towards something Companies have been forced into a greater orientation to the market. • orient • orientate • reorient • reorientation Perspective: (~viewpoint) Quan ñi m, góc nhìn nh n A report that looks at the education system Try to see the issue from a different perspective. From the perspective of deaf peopleperspective on something His experience abroad provides a wider perspective on the problem Precise: (~exact) ðúng, chính xác Precise details/instructions/measurements Their calendars were more precise than the one we use today. Can you give a more precise definition of the word? • imprecise • imprecisely • imprecision • precisely • precision Prime: Quan tr ng, th y u, hàng ñ u Winning is not the prime objective in this sport. Psychology: Tâm lí h c • primacy Psychology: Tâm lí h c • psychological • psychologically • psychologist Pursue: Theo ñu i, ñu i b t (ñeo bám) To pursue a goal/an aim/an objective
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Nhóm 5
The car was pursued by helicopters. (…máy bay tr c thăng) She wishes to pursue a medical career. • pursuit Ratio: T s , t l What is the ratio of men to women in the department? The school has a very high teacher-student ratio. The ratio of applications to available places currently stands at 100:1. Reject: T ch i, bác b (+smb, smth) The prime minister rejected any idea of reforming the system. Please reject the following candidates… The United States government rejected the proposal .I applied to Cambridge University but I was rejected. • rejection Revenue: (~receipts) Kho n thu (t thu , t kinh doanh…) A shortfall in tax revenue The company's annual revenues rose by 30% Stable: Kiên ñ nh, kiên quy t, v ng vàng This ladder doesn't seem very stable. The situation in the country has remained relatively stable for a few months now. • instability • stability • stabilization • stabilize • stably • unstable Style: Phong cách I like your style (= I like the way you do things). I'd have thought big cars were more his style (= what suited him). • styling • stylish • stylishly • stylishness • stylization • stylized

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Nhóm 5
Substitute: Thay th Paul's father only saw him as a substitute for his dead brother. The course teaches you the theory but there's no substitute for practical experience. The local bus service was a poor substitute for their car. Margarine can be used as a substitute for butter. A substitute teacher • substitution Sustain: (~maintain ) Duy trì, b o v She managed to sustain everyone's interest until the end of her speech. Kangaroos can sustain high speeds over long distances. The team may not be able to sustain this level of performance. • sustainability • sustainable • sustainably • sustenance • unsustainable Symbol: Kí hi u White has always been a symbol of purity in Western cultures. • symbolic • symbolically • symbolism • symbolist • symbolize Target: M c tiêu Set yourself targets that you can reasonably hope to achieve. The university will reach its target of 5000 students next September. Transit: S v n chuy n, di chuy n The cost includes transit. Goods damaged in transit • transition • transitional • transitory
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Nhóm 5
Trend: Phương hư ng, khuynh hư ng, xu hư ng There is a growing trend towards earlier retirement. Current trends in language teaching You seem to have set (= started) a new trend. Version: Phiên b n There are two versions of the game, a long one and a short one. The latest version of the software package Welfare: (~well-being) (~social security) H nh phúc, phúc l i We are concerned about the child's welfare. A social welfare programme Welfare provision/services/work They would rather work than live on welfare. Whereas: Nhưng trái l i (liên t ) Some of the studies show positive results, whereas others do not. We thought she was arrogant, whereas in fact she was just very shy. His parents were rich, whereas mine had to struggle.

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