Nhóm 10

Adjacent: Li n k (next to) The fire started in an adjacent building. They live in a house adjacent to the railway. The planes landed on adjacent runways. Albeit: (~although) M c dù He finally agreed, albeit reluctantly, to help us. (…dù mi n cư ng…) He tried, albeit without success. Assembly: H i ñ ng The California Assembly The UN General Assembly The national assembly has voted to adopt the budget. (…thông qua ngân sách) • assemble Collapse: S p ñ (~fail: th t b i - suddenly and completely) All opposition to the plan has collapsed. (T t c các í ki n ph n ñ i ñã th t b i) Talks between management and unions have collapsed. (Các cu c ñ i tho i gi a qu n lí và công ñoàn…) • collapsed • collapsible Colleague: ð ng nghi p A colleague of mine from the office We were friends and colleagues for more than 20 years. The Prime Minister and his Cabinet colleagues Compile: Sưu t m, cóp nh t (tài li u) We are trying to compile a list of suitable people for the job. The album was compiled from live recordings from last year's tour. We're compiling some facts and figures for a documentary on the subject. • compilation

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Nhóm 10
Conceive: Tư ng tư ng, thai nghén trong ñ u óc He conceived the idea of transforming the old power station into an arts centre. God is often conceived of as male. I cannot conceive (= I do not believe) (that) he would wish to harm us. I cannot conceive what it must be like. • conceivable / • inconceivable • conceivably • inconceivably Convince: (~persuade) Thuy t ph c, làm cho ai ñó tin tư ng Convince somebody/yourself (that)… I'd convinced myself (that) I was right. I've been trying to convince him to see a doctor. I hope this will convince you to change your mind. Convince somebody/yourself (of something) You'll need to convince them of your enthusiasm for the job. • convinced / • unconvinced • convincing • convincingly Depression: Tuy t v ng, tr m c m I was overwhelmed (choáng ng p) by feelings of depression. There was a feeling of gloom ( m ñ m) and depression in the office when the news of the job cuts was announced. • depress • depressed • depressing • depressingly Encounter: (~meet with, run into ) Ch m trán We encountered a number of difficulties in the first week. I had never encountered such resistance before. Enormous: (~ huge, immense) Kh ng l , to l n The problems facing the President are enormous. He earns an enormous salary. I was absolutely enormous when I was pregnant. You've been an enormous help. • enormity • enormously
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Nhóm 10
Forthcoming: S p t i We have just received the information about the forthcoming conference. The forthcoming elections The band's forthcoming UK tour Inclination: Ý mu n (nhã í, thi n í?) He did not show the slightest inclination to leave. She showed little inclination to leave. My natural inclination is to find a compromise. She had neither the time nor the inclination to help them. He was a loner by nature and by inclination. You must follow your own inclinations when choosing a career. • incline • inclined Integrity: Chính tr c, liêm chính A man of great integrity Intrinsic: (thu c) b n ch t, th c ch t, bên trong Maths is an intrinsic part of the school curriculum. the intrinsic value of education (intrinsically = th c ch t) • intrinsically Invoke: Vi n d n ch ng (lu t, quy t c…) The President may invoke federal law to stop the strike. (…lu t liên bang…cu c ñình công) Levy: Thu (thu ), ñánh (thu ) (~officially) To put/impose a levy on oil imports A new tax was levied on consumers of luxury goods. Likewise: Cũng v y, tương t như v y He voted for the change and he expected his colleagues to do likewise. Her second marriage was likewise unhappy. He voted for the change and he expected his colleagues to do likewise. Her second marriage was likewise unhappy.

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Nhóm 10
Nonetheless: (~nevertheless) Tuy nhiên, dù sao The book is too long but, nonetheless, informative and entertaining. There are serious problems in our country. Nonetheless, we feel this is a good time to return. The problems are not serious. Nonetheless, we shall need to tackle (gi i quy t) them soon. Notwithstanding: (~in spite of something) Tuy nhiên, tuy th mà, y th mà (thư ng theo sau N nó ñ c p ñ n) Notwithstanding some major financial problems, the school has had a successful year. Notwithstanding some members' objections, I think we must go ahead with the plan. The bad weather notwithstanding, the event was a great success. Injuries notwithstanding, he won the semi-final match. Odds: Kh năng (Cơ h i?), (l i th ?) The odds are very much in our favour (= we are likely to succeed). The odds are heavily against him (= he is not likely to succeed). The odds are that (= it is likely that) she'll win. What are the odds (= how likely is it) he won't turn up? What are the odds of winning the top prizes? I'm afraid the odds are against us. • odd • oddness Ongoing: V n ñang ti p di n The police investigation is ongoing. Training is part of our ongoing career development program. An ongoing process/investigation An ongoing debate(cu c tranh lu n)/discussion/process Panel: Nhóm ngư i tham gia h i th o, tr l i câu ñ ... ( ñài phát thanh, ñài truy n hình); • panelling An advisory panela panel of experts We have two politicians on tonight's panel. A panel of experts

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Nhóm 10
Persist: (~insist on) Khăng khăng, c ch p Persist (in something) She persisted in her search for the truth. He persists in calling me Jane, even though I've corrected him twice. Persist (with something) He persisted with his questioning. Persist (in doing something) Why do you persist in blaming yourself for what happened? • persistence • persistent • persistently Pose: ð t (câu h i – ngư i c n nh ng suy nghĩ nghiêm túc), gây ra (v n ñ , h u qu ) A lot of these chemicals pose very real threats to our health. To pose a threat/challenge/danger/risk The task poses no special problems. Reluctant: Mi n cư ng Reluctant agreement She was reluctant to admit she was wrong. He finally gave a reluctant smile. A reluctant hero (= a person who does not want to be called a hero) It was with great reluctance that she took early retirement. I was having such a good time I was reluctant to leave. Many parents feel reluctant to talk openly with their children. She persuaded her reluctant husband to take a trip to Florida with her. (She reluctantly agreed to step down as managing director) There is still some reluctance on the part of employers to become involved in this project. • reluctance • reluctant • reluctantly So-called: Cái g i là The opinion of a so-called ‘expert’ How have these so-called improvements helped the local community? It was one of his so-called friends who supplied him with the drugs that killed him.

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Nhóm 10
Straightforward: (~easy) D dàng A straightforward process It's quite straightforward to get here. The task looked fairly straightforward. The task looked fairly straightforward. • straightforward • straightforwardly • straightforwardness Undergo: Tr i qua (chi u hư ng x u), ch u ñ ng My mother underwent major surgery last year. (…ph u thu t l n…) Some children undergo a complete transformation when they become teenagers. The country is currently undergoing major political change. He is undergoing surgery for a heart problem. (…ph u thu t v n ñ tim…)\ Whereby: Theo ñó, b i ñó, (~how: b ng cách nào…) They've introduced a system whereby people share cars. whereby shall we know him? They have introduced a new system whereby all employees must undergo regular training.

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