INACON GmbH

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GSM from A – Z

Course Duration:
2 days

Course Description: • •
This course addresses the needs of engineers and technicians who require detailed technical knowledge on GSM, GPRS and EGPRS This first part of the course is a condensed and detailed introduction to GSM with focus on the GSM air interface, the GSM network architecture and an introduction to the upcoming changes with the integration of the IMS.

As in all our courses we integrated several interactive exercises for a perfect learning experience.

Some of your questions that will be answered: • • • • • • • • • • •
How can different operators have their networks in the same geographic area and how do they prevent their subscribers from registering in a different network? What is the GSM network architecture? What is the function and specifics of the various network elements including the SIM and the mobile station? What is a hierarchical network architecture? What are umbrella cells? What is a location area? What is the meaning and differences of the various GSM identifiers like IMSI, IMEI, LAC, BSIC, CGI and so on? How is the GSM radio interface organized? What are TDMA and FDMA? Why does GSM require different burst types? What is their function? On which channels are they used? What is the meaning of the stealing flags? What is the difference between logical and physical channels in GSM? What is the function of the different channel types? What is the goal of channel coding and interleaving and how does it work in GSM for the different channel types? How do Authentication and Ciphering work in GSM? What are the functions and differences of DTX and DRX in GSM? What is the content of measurement reports? How does call establishment work in GSM? How is a certain channel type selected in case of speech or data transmission?

© INACON GmbH 1999 - 2008. All rights reserved. Reproduction and/or unauthorized use of this material is prohibited and will be prosecuted to the full extent of German and international laws.

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INACON GmbH
Who should attend this class? • • • •
Design Engineers of GSM network equipment and GSM mobile stations. Network Planners who need to build joined GSM networks. Field and test engineers who have to learn GSM operation and procedures. Consultants who require a thorough understanding of GSM

Pre-Requisites: • •
A basic understanding of telecommunication systems in general and mobile network operation in particular is required. Previous knowledge of GSM is favorable but not required.

Course Target: •
The student will be enabled to understand all important aspects of GSM networking and GSM procedures.

© INACON GmbH 1999 - 2008. All rights reserved. Reproduction and/or unauthorized use of this material is prohibited and will be prosecuted to the full extent of German and international laws.

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INACON GmbH
Table of Contents:

Introduction to GSM History and Future of Mobile Communication History & Future of GSM Comparison – Subscriber Numbers cdma1  GSM The GSM Family Legacy GSM Network Architecture Future Network Architecture (≈ 2006) Internal Structure of the IMS Tasks and Functions of the IMS HLR / AuC (Home Location Register / Authentication Center) ⇒ Tasks and Functions of HLR and AuC The MSC / VLR (Mobile Services Switching Center / Visitor Location Register) ⇒ Tasks and Functions of the MSC ⇒ Tasks and Functions of the VLR Tasks and Functions of the EIR (Equipment Identity Register) The BSC (Base Station Controller) ⇒ Tasks and Functions of the BSC The BTS (Base Transceiver Station) ⇒ Tasks and Functions of the BTS The TRAU (Transcoding Rate and Adaptation Unit) ⇒ Tasks and Functions of the TRAU The Mobile Station The Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) The Cellular Network Location Areas and Cells
© INACON GmbH 1999 - 2008. All rights reserved. Reproduction and/or unauthorized use of this material is prohibited and will be prosecuted to the full extent of German and international laws.

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INACON GmbH
Identifiers of Cells and Location Areas Identifiers of the Mobile Station Meaning of the IMEI GSM Services The GSM Protocol Stack

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The GSM Air Interface TDMA vs. FDMA TDMA and FDMA in GSM Resolution of the Propagation Delay Problem The ARFCN (Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number) The BCCH-Carrier (Broadcast Control Channel) The Frame Hierarchy – Introduction The Frame Hierarchy – Reasons Logical Channel Types The FCCH (Frequency Correction Channel) The SCH (Synchronization Channel) Other Control Channels Configuration of the 51-Multiframe (Example / Downlink) Configuration of the 26-Multiframe (DL and UL) The Physical Channel in GSM The Different GSM-Bursts The Different GSM-Bursts ⇒ The GSM-Normal Burst – Power-vs-Time View ⇒ The Frequency Correction Burst ⇒ The Synchronization Burst ⇒ The Access Burst
© INACON GmbH 1999 - 2008. All rights reserved. Reproduction and/or unauthorized use of this material is prohibited and will be prosecuted to the full extent of German and international laws.

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INACON GmbH
⇒ The Dummy Burst ⇒ The Normal Burst ⇒ The FACCH, Stealing Resources from its Master Channel

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The Signaling Processing Chain The Signal Processing Chain – Transmit Side The Signal Processing Chain – Receive Side Modulation in GSM ⇒ The In-Phase – Quadrature (I/Q) Presentation ⇒ Consideration of MSK ⇒ From MSK to GMSK ⇒ Phase Changes and Amplitude Variation in GMSK Characteristics of the Radio Channel Rayleigh-Fading Rice-Fading Inter-Symbol-Interference The Receiver The Equalization Process Example Equalizer Demodulation Channel Coding – Overview Principles of Convolutional Coders Example Convolutional Coder The Related Trellis Diagram Channel Coding for Enhanced Full Rate Speech Interleaving of Speech Traffic Channels Channel Coding of the Random Access Channel Channel Coding of Other Control Channels
© INACON GmbH 1999 - 2008. All rights reserved. Reproduction and/or unauthorized use of this material is prohibited and will be prosecuted to the full extent of German and international laws.

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INACON GmbH
Block Interleaving of Control Channels (Example: SACCH) Slow Frequency Hopping - Reasons Slow Frequency Hopping - Procedure Options for Slow Frequency Hopping Authentication and Ciphering Key Generation Ciphering in GSM Deciphering in GSM

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Higher Layer Functions PLMN-Selection The Cell Selection / Cell Reselection Criterion ⇒ Cell Reselection Summary System Information Broadcast Summary Location Updating The Mobile Originating Call Setup The Mobile Terminating Call Setup Measurement Reporting Handover ⇒ Intra-Cell Handover ⇒ Intra-BSC Handover ⇒ Intra-MSC Handover ⇒ Inter-MSC Handover References

© INACON GmbH 1999 - 2008. All rights reserved. Reproduction and/or unauthorized use of this material is prohibited and will be prosecuted to the full extent of German and international laws.

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