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**Calculus | Packer Collegiate Institute
**

Average Rate of Change: Part II

Instantaneous Rate of Change

1. If you have a car which, at exactly 2pm, is travelling exactly 60 miles per hour:

(a) Does that necessarily mean that the car will have traveled 60*3=180 miles by 5pm? If so, why? If not, would you

have any confidence that your car traveled about 180 miles (and why or why not)?

(b) Does that necessarily mean that the car will have traveled 60*1/60=1 mile by 2:01pm? If so, why? If not, would

you have any confidence that your car traveled about 1 mile (and why or why not)?

(c) Does that necessarily mean that the car will have traveled 60*1/3600=1/60th of a mile by 2:00:01? If so, why? If

not, would you have any confidence that your car traveled about 1/60th of a mile (and why or why not)?

2. In the last sheet, we determined that at exactly the 5 year mark, your bank account at almost exactly a rate of

$11.31/year. For our purposes, we’ll call this exact! We’ll call this the instantaneous rate of change at the 5

year mark.

(a) Does that necessarily mean that the bank account will have $11.31*6=$67.86 more dollars after 6 years (so at

the 11

th

year mark)? If so, why? If not, would you have any confidence that your bank account increased by

around that amount (and why or why not)?

(b) Does that necessarily mean that the bank account will have $11.31*3=$33.93 more dollars after 3 years (so at

the 8

th

year mark)? If so, why? If not, would you have any confidence that your bank account increased by

around that amount (and why or why not)?

(c) Does that necessarily mean that the bank account will have $11.31 more dollars after a year (so at the 6

th

year

mark)? If so, why? If not, would you have any confidence that your bank account increased by $11.31 (and why

or why not)?

On the left is a graph of exactly how much

money is in your bank account (where the

x-axis is the number of years and the y-axis

is the amount of money you have).

3. (a) At the 11

th

year, how much money did your bank account increase from the 5

th

year? Our prediction on the

front of this page was that it increased by about $67.86. Were we close?

(b) At the 8

th

year, how much money did your bank account increase from the 5

th

year? Our prediction on the front

of this page was that it increased by about $33.93. Were we close?

(c) At the 6

th

year, how much money did your bank account increase from the 5

th

year? Our prediction on the front

of this page was that it increased by about $11.31. Were we close?

(d) What information does the instantaneous rate of change of the bank account after 5 years actually give you?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

y

(5,146.9)

(11,233.16)

(8,185.09)

(6,158.69)

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