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Name:_____________________________ Date:__________________ Band:________

Precalculus | Packer Collegiate Institute

Introduction to Cycles


1. Write down three things that change over time, but after a while start to repeat over and over and
over. (Example: a clock face changes in time, but after 24 hours it starts repeating itself.)













2. If you have a clock which has a radius of 1 foot, how far does the tip of the minute hand travel in:


1 hour:

45 minutes:

30 minutes:

15 minutes:

5 minutes:

1 minute:

n minutes:







2
3. You place a clock with a radius of 1 foot on graph paper, where every tick mark spaced 1 inch apart.
At noon, the minute hand is precisely at the point (0,12). What are the coordinates of the minute
hand exactly at:


12:45pm?



12:30pm?



12:15pm?

12:10pm?



12:05pm?


12:03pm?

HINT for the lower row: triangles!











4. How many hours is 72 minutes and 26 seconds?


3
5. You know that the equation of a circle centered at the origin with
radius 12 is
2 2
144 y x + = . I am also going to sketch the line
3 y x = . Determine the coordinates (exactly, no
approximation) where the line and the circle intersect.









(Do you see any connection between this question and question 4?)


6. What angle do the following lines make with the x -axis? (Hint: rise over run! Draw a picture! Some blank
axes are provided for you below)

(a) y x = (b) 3 y x = (c) 0 y =





(d) 2 y x = (e) 4.5 y x = (f) y x = ÷





(g) 3 y x = ÷ (h) y kx = [where k is any number]






÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
x
y

÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
x
y

÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
x
y

÷12 ÷10 ÷8 ÷6 ÷4 ÷2 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
÷12
÷10
÷8
÷6
÷4
÷2
2
4
6
8
10
12
x
y
4
7. (a) What is the equation of a line that goes through the origin and makes an angle of 15 with the x -
axis?











(b) For the clock in problem 3, what would be the equation of the line that the minute hand is on at
12:03pm?












(c) Find the intersection of the line you found in part (b) and the equation for the edge of the clock
2 2
144 y x + = . Does one of the points of intersection match your answer in problem 3?