Outside Colby Vol 3 Issue 3 | United States Government | Mitt Romney

Issue 3 Vol.

3 October 19, 2012
colby
IN SUPPORT OF
BOB DIAMOND
(pg 11)
OPPOSING VIEWS
ON ECONOMIC
POLICY (pg 6-7)
AN INSIDE LOOK AT
MAINE’S CANDIDATES
(pg 12-13, 15)
OUTSIDE
Editor-in-Chief
Yana Mayayeva
Assistant Editor-in-Chief
Rachel Jacobs
Layout Editors
Peter Hamblett
Lily Kramlich-Taylor
Barrie Tovar
Copy Editors
Andrew Flynn
Amara Weiss
Domestic Editor
Claudia Camerino
International Affairs Editors
Caroline Kiernan
Sarah Mann
2012 Election Editors
Danny Kossow
Erik Solli
Maine Editor
Carrick Gambell
Founder, Advising Editor
Ben Wexler-Waite
OUTSIDE colby
2 Outside Colby
A letter from
the Editors
Ask yourself, what issues matter most to you in this presi-
dential election? Is it job creation and deficit reduction,
education reform and the achievement gap, women’s rights,
etc.? The vast majority of us know whom we’re voting for
this November 6. We’re ready to feel that sense of pride as
we walk into the voting booth and cast a ballot for the path
we’d like our nation to embark on. We vote because we
know how important it is for us to exercise our democratic
duties.
Those of us who are still weighing the issues should not feel
discouraged. In fact, this Election 2012 themed publica-
tion was created just as much for those who are steadfast
in their beliefs as it was for those who consider themselves
to be more variable. In typical Outside Colby fashion, we’d
like to encourage you to engage with the matters at hand.
We are featuring articles with contrasting views on energy
and the environment, economic policy, education reform,
immigration policy, and Middle East policy. There are plenty
of other issues to discuss and debate, but we’d like to think
that this is a start.
We are also very excited to feature bios from the Maine
State Senate and State House of Representatives candi-
dates, along with a spread on the national Senate race can-
didates. State politics is important, and we urge you to do
additional research on these candidates’ issue stances.
It’s going to be an exciting remaining two weeks! In the
meantime, we cannot wait for the bicentennial celebrations
to begin this weekend. Talk about being a part of history!
Happy 200th birthday Colby College.
Yana Mayayeva ’14
Editor-in-chief
TABLE OF CONTENTS
3-11 2012 Election
Deception in Presidential Cam-
paigns, Contrasting Views on
Economic, Education, and En-
ergy Policy; Campaign Humor,
Support for Bob Diamond
12-15 Maine Politics
A Closer Look at Maine’s Candi-
dates, Equality Maine
16-19 International Affairs
Immigration Reform, Middle
EastPolicy Overview, Obama’s
Stance on Israel

Outside Colby is a non-partisan political publication dedicated
to informing students about different opinions on controversial
issues in the United States and around the world. Our goal is to
increase political discourse and debate at Colby, and serve as a
forum for different points of view to be heard.
By Danny Kossow 2012 Election Editor
P
oliticians lie—we’ve all seen it before. They
manipulate facts and information to better their
chances of winning an election. What is disturb-
ing is that when Americans grant these politicians
two hours on every major network in the coun-
try to show what they’re made of, they continue to provide
uníustííed cíuíms ubout theír ovn poíícíes und those oí theír
opponents. Presidential debates have turned into a public
forum for false accusations and the misrepresentation of facts.
Lníortunuteív, the írst lresídentíuí debute oí the 20l2 Líec-
tion on Domestic Affairs turned out to be no different. Here
are a few of the most egregious violations of our trust brought
forth by both President Barack Obama and Governor Mitt
Romney:
President Obama accused Governor Romney of planning to
impIcmcnt a ºñvc triIIion doIIar tax cut."
President Obama’s accusation that Governor Romney
víshes to ímpíement u íve trííííon doííur tux cut ís u cíussíc
exumpíe oí cherrv-píckíng the íuícíest numbers írom u íuvor-
able study, while omitting basic facts that refute the claim.
Covernor Romnev proposes u 20 percent síush oí íederuí
íncome tuxes ucross the bourd. ln íuvmun's terms, someone
currentív puvíng the muxímum 35 percent íederuí íncome
tux vouíd huve theír rute cut to 28 percent (or 80 percent oí
the current rute). Romnev uíso hopes to extend the ßush tux
cuts, eíímínute the estute tux entíreív, us veíí us get ríd oí unv
tuxes on cupítuí guíns und dívídends íor unvone mukíng over
S200,000 unnuuíív. 1he non-purtísun 1ux loíícv Center (1lC)
released a study claiming that all of these cuts together would
creute u S480 bííííon revenue reductíon íor the íscuí veur
20l5. lt ís thís number thut Cbumu extended out ten veurs
to creute hís ºíve trííííon doííur tux cut¨ comment. \hut the
1lC und Cbumu both íuíí to mentíon ís thut Romnev píuns to
sígníícuntív reduce tux preíerences, thus broudeníng the buse
oí Amerícun tux puvers, und to cut out munv (unnumed) íoop-
holes across the board. These omissions would not necessar-
ily push the Romney plan back to an even revenue reduction,
but it would put a substantial dent into President Obama’s
ºíve trííííon doííur¨ number.
Governor Romney claimed that Obamacare is “going to tell
pcopIc, uItimatcIv, what kinds of trcatmcnt thcv can havc."
Romney’s assertion is simply not true. What Romney is
referring to in this statement is a body created under the
Aííordubíe Cure Act (ACA) cuííed the ºlndependent luvment
Advísorv ßourd¨ (llAß). Romnev vouíd huve vou beííeve
thut the llAß's íob ís to seíect certuín tvpes oí procedures und
medícínes thut putíents cun use. ln reuíítv, the llAß does not
huve thís uuthorítv ut uíí. lts íob ís to províde expert unuívsís
on how to reduce the cost of federal government spending on
healthcare through reductions of payments sent to health care
províders und hospítuís víth excessíveív hígh re-udmíssíon
rates. The board is encouraged to suggest a number of other
ways to reduce wasteful Medicare spending, but is strictly
prohíbíted írom ºrutíoníng heuíth-cure.¨ ln other vords, the
llAß cunnot reduce costs bv teíííng doctors not to use certuín
medícínes so thut the Aííordubíe Cure Act cun cover more
people. So no, Obamacare cannot tell you what to do.
President Obama states, “It’s estimated that by repeal-
ing Obamacare, you’re looking at 50 million people losing
hcaIth insurancc."
This statement from the President is misleading on a
number of levels. To begin, the study that President Obama
ís reíerríng to mukes no mentíon oí these 50 mííííon peopíe
whatsoever. The President misleadingly referenced a study by
the Congressíonuí ßudget Cííce (CßC) und díd not íuíív íesh
out íts resuíts. Accordíng to the CßC, 60 mííííon Amerícuns
vouíd be unínsured bv 2022 íí the ACA ís repeuíed, but
onív 30 mííííon vouíd be unínsured bv thut tíme íí the íuv ís
ímpíemented. 1hus, íí Congress repeuís the ACA, 30 mííííon
people would lose potential health insurance by the year
2022. \hííe 30 mííííon ís certuínív u stuggeríng number, ít
ís onív 60 percent oí the number lresídent Cbumu brought
forth during the debate. Furthermore, the President made it
sound us íí 50 mííííon peopíe vouíd ímmedíuteív íose theír
October 19, 2012 3
Debunking the Debate:
A Collection of Lies from Obama & Romney
DOMESTIC
Debunking the Debate, contínued puge 22
DOMESTIC
4 Outside Colby
N
o population has a greater stake in
this election than American children.
After all, a democracy cannot func-
tion without a well-educated popu-
lace, and the fact is that the American
education system is failing. Kids in
the United States—both rural and
urban—are not keeping up with their world peers. Four years
ugo, lresídent ßuruck Cbumu entered oííce víth the boíd
vision of providing every child access to a complete and
competitive education. Four years later, Obama has enacted
several policies that have spurred positive change in districts
across the country. Although the 2012 election debate has
largely focused on polarized issues such as the economy and
health care, voters should weigh each candidate’s stance
on education just as equally when they step into the voting
booth on November 6.
Let's íook ut the íucts. \íthín duvs oí enteríng oííce, lresí-
dent Obama initiated the bold Race to the Top Program,
which drives states to pursue more rigorous standards and
better assessments, to create better data systems to more ac-
curately track student progress, to provide more support for
teachers and school leaders, and to increase resources and
interventions needed to turn around the nation’s lowest-per-
forming schools. So far, 46 states have submitted comprehen-
sive reform plans and 19 states have received a combined $4
billion to enact their new proposals. Race to the Top created
no new federal mandates; rather, states are allowed to submit
uníque píuns thut cuter to theír specííc educutíonuí needs.
By partnering with states to raise standards, President Obama
has set American education on a progressive and successful
track.
When the 2008 economic crisis put thousands of teach-
ers’ jobs on the line, Obama stepped in to ensure that good
teachers were staying in the classroom. The American Recov-
ery Act of 2008 helped create or save 250,000 teacher’s jobs,
providing job security for one of America’s most important
workforces. If re-elected, Obama plans to add 100,000 new
teachers nationwide.
President Obama has enacted several other laws and initia-
tives that affect people of all ages and sectors of the educa-
tion system. From expanding and strengthening the Head
Start program, which provides comprehensive child develop-
ment services and early childhood education to nearly one
mííííon íov-íncome chíídren under the uge oí íve, to muk-
ing college more affordable by doubling investments in Pell
Grants, the President ensures that students of all ages will
receive the education that they deserve.
As coííege students, ve huve beneíted greutív írom
Obama’s policies regarding higher education. The “Pay as
You Earn” program caps federal student loan repayments at
10 percent of income. This allows responsible students to
be able to make decisions about their future based on their
career goals, not the price of a college tuition. President
Obama successfully prevented student loan rates from dou-
bling for more than seven million students and has long-term
píuns to sígníícuntív reduce coííege tuítíon rutes. ln uddítíon,
Obama has put a strong emphasis on the value of commu-
nity colleges by encouraging partnerships between them and
local businesses so that more workers can be trained for the
jobs that are available.
While Obama promotes availability, transparency, and op-
portunity in education, Mitt Romney has proposed just the
opposite. As governor of Massachusetts, Romney made deep
cuts to higher education. By the end of his term, college
costs had skyrocketed, with fees at state colleges and univer-
sities rising at a staggering 63 percent. Mitt Romney’s plan
to cut middle-class investments could slash Pell Grants for
nearly 9.6 million students. His suggestion to students wor-
ried about paying for college? “Shop around.”
We cannot bend when it comes to our education and the
education of young Americans. President Obama has set
forth an ambitious and bold plan that has already had posi-
tive impacts. He promises to hold high standards for our
American education system and increase opportunities for
all in order to close the achievement gap, while Mitt Romney
wants to perpetuate the same policies that created the gap in
the írst píuce. ln u tíme ííke the present, ve símpív cunnot
stand still.
By Cassady Roberts Chapter Leader of Students for Education Reform
OBAMA ON EDUCATION:
MOVING TOWARD A FUTURE OF HOPE
DOMESTIC
A
quality education is central to build-
ing a stronger America. In order to
restore America’s education system
to its full potential and provide the
next generation of Americans with
the superior education they deserve,
we need to overhaul Obama’s failed
efforts and institute meaningful reforms that will bring about
necessary change.
Extravagant spending is not the answer to education re-
form. We cannot expect that excessive spending on inef-
fective programs and initiatives will bring about the change
needed to restore the American education system to its fullest
potential. Romney recognizes that money does not guaran-
tee quality and thus, the answer to high quality education is
giving states and parents more control over their children’s
education.
One important aspect of Romney’s education platform is
to provide funding for individual students rather than indi-
vidual schools. Instead of awarding underachieving schools
with additional funding, Romney has proposed to transform
Title 1 and IDEA funding, federal funding for low income and
special needs children, into a voucher system. Through this
system of consumer choice, children and their parents will
be able to choose the school they wish to attend and would
be able to take their funding with them. This strategy gives
students and parents better control over educational options
and gives states more individual jurisdiction over their feder-
al education funds. Ultimately, this system empowers parents
to take charge of their children’s education and allows for a
wider range of options when considering schools.
Furthermore, parents need to be well-informed about the
performance of their children’s schools. Without easily acces-
sible, straightforward, and comprehensive data that provides
reliable information on whether a school is serving its edu-
cational purposes, parents cannot make effective decisions
about their children’s education. Integral to Romney’s pro-
posal to reform No Child Left Behind is the requirement that
schools provide parents with transparent information about
school results in the form of a school and district report card.
These report cards would illuminate overall student achieve-
ment levels in both state and national testing, thus giving
parents a clear understanding of how well a school is per-
forming. In contrast to Obama’s plans to reform No Child Left
Behind by including top-down instructions for interventions
for individual schools, Romney focuses on giving parents
and states control over education and increasing schools’ ac-
countability for its results.
Another key factor in improving America’s education sys-
tem ís índíng vuvs to uttruct und revurd exceííent teuchers.
ln píuce oí íníexíbíe und unproductíve tenure svstems, ve
must adopt a merit-based alternative that will reward hard-
working, successful teachers and will entice smart, talented
und motívuted peopíe to the íeíd. \e need to hoíd teuchers
accountable for their work in the classroom and likewise
recognize their accomplishments when appropriate. A school
is only as effective as its teachers and Romney’s focus on
rewarding teachers for their results rather than their tenure
ensures the presence of high-quality teachers in schools
throughout the country.
In looking at the broader implications of Romney’s edu-
cational platform, we can see his emphasis on the power of
a free-market approach to education. Romney understands
that ultimately, consumer choice will be the answer to re-
storing America’s education system to superior standards. In
contrast to top-down demands for reform, innovation and
competition will ultimately bring about real change. With the
nutíonuí deícít ut u stuggeríng l.l trííííon und the íscuí cíííí
looming ahead of us, we can no longer afford to throw mon-
ev ut íneíícíent íederuí progrums thut huve íuííed to ímprove
our nations schools. Romney’s plan to use consumer choice
to empower states and parents will ultimately be the way in
which America’s schools will provide the necessary founda-
tion for American leadership.
By Claudia Camerino Domestic Affairs Editor
CONSUMER COMPETITION AND THE FREE MARKET:
SOLUTIONS TO THE BROKEN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
October 19, 2012 5
The Real Face of Change:
By Nick Rimsa Contributing Writer
T
oday we face a
truly unfortunate
economic situa-
tion. Last year, 1.5
million college
graduates under 25
were unemployed
or underemployed.
1he ínuncíuí crísís oí 2008 hus píunged
our economy into the worst downturn
since the Great Depression. Thanks
in part to ignorant borrowers, schem-
íng ínuncíers, urrogunt gumbíers, und
deregulating politicians, unemployment
stunds ut 7.8 percent. Lndoubtedív, the
elected candidate will face an anemic
economic climate. Governor Mitt Rom-
ney, however, is the better choice for
our country to move forward from this
economic malaise.
The president, of course, inherits the state of the econ-
omy–good or bad–of the last president, and certainly is
susceptible to business cycles. In all fairness, President
Barack Obama inherited an economic mess. For four
years, however, we have endured a failure of economic
íeudershíp. 1he íuster oí hís írst cumpuígn hus íong tur-
nished. Obama’s message of change has come and gone.
The labor force’s participation rate stood at 63.5 percent
(and men experienced the lowest participation rate ever,
last month). National debt currently exceeds $16 trillion,
and President Obama has yet to offer any legitimate
píun to uddress our countrv's íong-term íscuí heuíth. ßv
naming Congressman Paul Ryan as his running mate (for
the suke oí thís urgument, íet's íust consíder hís íscuí
opíníons), Romnev hus soíídííed hís stunce on reducíng
the federal debt and cutting entitlement spending. Rom-
ney plans to cut taxes in every marginal bracket, while
símuítuneousív reducíng the deícít. \hííe he hus íníu-
mousív íuííed to outííne ín the írst presídentíuí debute
hov S5 trííííon cun be cut víthout uddíng to the deícít
duríng the írst lresídentíuí debute, he hus usserted thut
his plan will come to fruition when he crosses party lines
und shupes hís poíícv. ßv cuppíng íederuí spendíng to 20
percent oí the CDl bv 20l6, reducíng murgínuí tux rutes
bv 20 percent (und eíímínutíng the íoophoíes thut the
superrich adeptly utilize), and putting our country on a
path to energy independence, Governor Romney’s plan
will stimulate growth.
\hen Romnev íed ßuín Cupítuí, the compunv pro-
duced guíns oí 50 to 80 percent unnuuíív (not bud vhen
DOMESTIC
6 Outside Colby
Romney’s Economic Policy
Mitt Romney’s experience leading Bain Capital may suggest that he is better
suitcd to addrcss Amcrica's issucs of job crcation and dcñcit rcduction.
The Businessman, contínued puge 20
DOMESTIC
It’s All About Arithmetic:
By Andrew Pepper-Anderson Staff Writer
T
he American people will
be given a choice be-
tween two very different
economic philosophies
in the upcoming elec-
tion. On the one hand
is Republican presidential candidate
Governor Mitt Romney, who believes
that minimal regulation and taxation
vííí empover the prívute sector to íx
the economy. On the other is President
Barack Obama, who rejects the trickle-
down economics advocated for by the
Governor. The President believes the
government should promote and protect
a basic quality of life for everyone, even
if that means raising taxes on those who
can afford to help others in hard times.
These differences are apparent in the
two candidates’ plans and accomplish-
ments in the areas of taxation, regula-
tion, and job creation. These plans also
make it apparent that only one of these
approaches, President Obama’s, is
feasible.
Should taxes be raised? When it
comes to taxation, President Obama’s
signature proposal is the “Buffett Rule,”
named after billionaire Warren Buffett,
who currently pays a lower tax rate than
his secretary. President Obama believes
that people making over a million dol-
lars should not pay a lower tax rate than
those who make considerably less, and
therefore, would impose a minimum tax
rate of 30 percent on these top earners.
According to Forbes and the Joint Com-
mittee on Taxation, this would increase
federal revenue by anywhere from $47
billion to $162 billion. Governor Rom-
ney, on the other hand, believes that
taxes should be cut by 20 percent across
the board, which would be paid for by
“closing loopholes.” However, accord-
ing to the Joint Committee on Taxation,
“closing loopholes” can only account
for four percent of this tax cut at most,
meaning the other 16 percent cut will
onív íncreuse the deícít. 1hese numbers
clearly don’t add up.
On the issue of regulation, only one
presidential nominee will defend the
Dodd-Frank Act of 2010. This act, one
of President Obama’s signature accom-
plishments, streamlines the regulatory
structure in the United States, making
it easier for regulators to do their jobs.
It also imposes new regulations on
Wall Street to ensure that the economic
collapse of 2008 cannot happen again.
Governor Romney believes that the
Dodd-Frank Act hurts businesses and
growth and he wants to repeal it. This
would leave the nation with the same
type of regulatory environment that
existed prior to the 2008 economic col-
lapse.
As for job creation, much of what
President Obama wants to accomplish
on this front was laid out in his pro-
posed American Jobs Act of 2011. Some
of the key aspects of this plan are tax
cuts for small businesses, investment in
schools and infrastructure, and incen-
October 19, 2012 7
Mathematics 101, continued page 20
President Obama’s Comprehensive Plan
Key Aspects of Obama’s Plan:
A) Tax cuts for small businesses
B) Investment in schools
and infrastructure
C) Incentives for employers to
hire the long-term unemployed
DOMESTIC
8 Outside Colby
A
mericans currently consume 19
million barrels of oil and 62 billion
cubic feet of natural gas every day.
Numbers like these raise questions
regarding our nations future energy
resource and environmental regula-
tion goals.
While Governor Mitt Romney pledges to undo many major
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pollution and public
health rules, approve the northern portion of the Keystone
XL Pipeline into Alberta, and promote the extraction of oil
and gas from untouched reserves along the coast and in wil-
derness areas, President Barack Obama advocates a much
more progressive path. Obama campaigned in 2008 with an
aggressive approach to environmental issues, claiming that
he was going to instate a cap and trade program along with
other national policies to severely reduce our greenhouse gas
emissions. While many environmentalists criticize that these
promises have yet to be addressed or reiterated in his current
2012 campaign, Obama can still rightfully claim responsibil-
ity for numerous advancements made throughout his term.
Over the past four years, President Obama pushed hard for
an effective alternative energy agenda. He poured billions
from his stimulus package into solar, wind, and battery initia-
tives aimed at both job creation and reducing dependence
on foreign oil. These investments resulted in the doubling of
domestic wind and solar-powered energy production. His
udmínístrutíon íncreused íederuí íueí eíícíencv stundurds oí
cars and small trucks, as well as began to set regulations for
hydraulic fracturing through conversations with the EPA and
major exploration companies. Obama’s actions allow the
United States to start moving in the direction of the new, pro-
gressive, and growing clean energy economy of our time. As
President Obama said on a visit to the nation’s largest solar
energy installation in Nevada, “I’m not going to give up on
the new to cede our position to China or Germany or all the
other competitors out there who are making massive invest-
ments in clean energy technology.”
Lust Cctober, Romnev deníed the exístence oí suíícíent
evidence to support global warming. Nearly a year later, he
By Meghan Harwood Staff Writer
A NEW GENERATION IN
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
Obama’s Clean Energy Agenda, continued page 21
In the past 50 years, humans
have consumed more resources
than in all previous history.
Half of the world’s temperate
and tropical rainforests are now
gone.
More than 2 million people
globally die prematurely every
year due to outdoor and indoor
air pollution
October 19, 2012 9
G
overnor Mitt Romney envisions
an achievable reform to American
energy policy that will reduce
high-energy costs to consumers
without harming the environ-
ment. His plan is to achieve North
American energy independence by 2020 through the follow-
ing measures.
Governor Romney’s goal is to streamline our regulatory
framework, largely by shifting the responsibility of regulat-
ing our energy industry from the federal government to state
governments. State governments are more capable of assess-
ing the local impact of drilling and fracking on their lands
und ure generuíív more eíícíent ín upprovíng common sense
regulations than the lumbering behemoth that is our federal
government. The money saved from these increased regulato-
rv eíícíencíes cun be put tovurd reseurch und deveíopment
ín the íeíd oí survevíng, vhích vííí uííov íor more uccurute
estimates of reserves. Current surveying technology doesn’t
account for shale deposits (the rocks that are used in “frack-
ing”) because it hasn’t been updated since the 1980s. Not
only will this devolvement of technology allow for a better
understanding of how much oil and natural gas the nation
has, but it will also allow for permits and leases to be issued
faster and with greater transparency. Romney also wants to
streamline the slow and cumbersome process of cross-border
regulation, a reform that will help facilitate the faster con-
struction of projects such as the Keystone XL pipeline.
While fracking is an integral part of the Romney plan,
the real key to American energy independence is natural
gas. Due to the invention of a new type of drilling that al-
lows us to get small pockets of natural gas out of rocks that
are deep underground, the U.S. may now have the largest
natural gas reserves in the world. Natural gas is not only
much cheaper than oil, but it also produces far fewer carbon
emissions than gasoline when burned. While many critics
claim that fracking ruins water supplies and produces air
pollution (people often cite Josh Fox’s movie Gasland), the
evidence to prove this is thin. While radioactive wastewater
may once have been dumped in local water supplies, over
98 percent of it is now either treated or stored in deep under-
ground facilities. Current EPA regulations make companies
By Henson Orser Staff Writer
A REALISTIC PROPOSAL FOR
ENERGY INDEPENDENCE
DOMESTIC
Romeny’s Path to Energy Independence, continued page 21
75 percent of marine sheries
are now overshed or shed to
capacity.
Behind China, the United States
consumes more energy than any
other nation.
Only a few hundred of the more
than 80,000 chemicals in use
in the United States have been
tested for safety.
Fan Favorites of the 2012 Election
DOMESTIC
10 Outside Colby
“WITH ALL DUE RESPECT,
THAT’S A BUNCH OF
MALARKEY.”-JOE BIDEN
“By the end of my
second term, we
will have the first
permanent base
on the moon and
it will be
American.”
-Newt Gingrich
THE BIRTHERS...
“HOW DO YOU
SAY ‘DELICIOUS’ IN
CUBAN?”
-HERMAN CAIN
“I THINK THE VICE
PRESIDENT VERY WELL
KNOWS THAT SOMETIMES
THE WORDS DON’T COME
OUT OF YOUR MOUTH THE
RIGHT WAY.” -PAUL RYAN
October 19, 2012 11
I
thought a little support for Bob Diamond was due
with the recent petition asking him to resign as Chair
of the Board of Trustees. This seems especially neces-
sary, since what I’ve seen in the discussion thus far is
not only inaccurate, but also narrow-minded. Perhaps
a little background is due. Let's sturt víth the reuí deí-
nition of Libor.
First off, Libor is not “essentially a prediction made by
lenders and borrowers on the future worth of invested
money,” as Shelby F. O’Neill stated in his Outside Colby
article calling for the resignation of Mr. Diamond. Let’s walk
through how Libor is calculated. There is
a panel of the largest, most active banks
in the world that are asked to consider the
same question, every day: “At what rate
could you borrow funds, were you to do so
by asking for and then accepting inter-bank
offers in a reasonable market size just prior
to 11 am?” In short, this is an assessment
of what banks think their borrowing costs
are among one another. If one bank is par-
ticularly risky, it will report high borrowing
costs and other lending banks will charge a higher rate. If a
bank is extremely stable, its borrowing costs are lower. Let
us be clear that these are merely estimates of a bank’s bor-
rowing costs, not actual borrowing costs. Since the economic
crisis in 2008, many banks have stopped lending to each oth-
er and instead kept their money with central banks. As soon
as all banks on the panel submit their estimated borrowing
costs, the outliers are removed and the rest are averaged to
calculate Libor.
Now that we have a better understanding of Libor, let’s
talk about Barclays and its former CEO, Bob Diamond. It is
wrong that any bank should falsify its borrowing costs in or-
der to appear less risky, but as soon as some banks start do-
ing it (and Barclays was not necessarilv the írst), ít puts oth-
ers ín u vorse ínuncíuí posítíon. ln order to compete, other
banks will also start to report lower borrowing costs. Bar-
clays, therefore, found itself in a tough situation when it was
informed of how high its borrowing coasts appeared. So it is
true—there were manipulative traders at Barclays who fabri-
cuted íover borrovíng costs ín order to muke theír ínuncíuí
position appear to be more stable. As soon as the scandal
erupted, suíd truders vere íred, ßurcíuvs vus churged u S453
million settlement fee by United States and British regulators,
and Bob Diamond resigned as CEO. In my opinion, this is a
fair price to pay. Sure, he should have been watching more
closely what was going on, but if your competitors are re-
porting the same borrowing costs as you, there is not much
to suspect.
Does this mean Bob Diamond violates Colby’s fundamen-
tal values? Diamond has been a huge supporter of Colby
throughout his career. He donated enough money to build
the beautiful Diamond building that many of us late-night
dwellers might even call home. Not only that, but Dia-
mond’s family foundation supported a fellowship in environ-
mental studies and a chair in sustainable energy, and pledged
money to the alumni fund. Diamond has gone well out of his
way to support our school, and as Chair of the Board of Trust-
ees, it seems to me that he does have Colby’s best interests
and values in mind. It is important that we remember this
commítment us Ceneruí Announcements spreud ííke víídíre
asking us to sign a petition for his resignation.
By Caitlin Vorlicek Contributing Writer
DIAMOND IN THE ROUGH
DOMESTIC
BOB DIAMOND HAS GONE WELL
OUT OF HIS WAY TO SUPPORT
OUR SCHOOL AND IT SEEMS TO ME
THAT HE DOES HAVE COLBY’S BEST
INTEREST AND VALUES IN MIND.
Much Needed Support for Bob Diamond
October 19,, 2012 13
MAINE MAINE
12 Outside Colby
A CLOSER LOOK AT MAINE’S CANDIDATES
W
hat brought me into this race is simple: I work every day with families in the Central Maine area. Many of the
parents in these families worked in the past and lost their jobs in the recession. After losing their jobs, they end-
ed up on social programs they never wanted to be on, and were treated as scapegoats by this past legislature.
Hard-working people lost their jobs and suddenly became people in poverty that we blamed for our problems. Then, their
health insurance ran out; two of the people I worked with sadly passed away because they lacked health insurance. That
ís vhen l ínuíív decíded thut l'd hud enough. l beííeve thut the personuí ís poíítícuí, und mv reuson íor beíng ín the ruce ís
simple: no person should go without basic necessities in the richest country in the world.
I was raised with simple, traditional values: love my neighbor, feed the hungry. Really basic stuff. I believe that we need a
government thut protects the vuínerubíe. l knov íííe ísn't íuír, und government shouídn't muke ít thut vuv. ßut l beííeve thut
we have a moral obligation to at least make life bearable. No one should go without food, shelter, or vital health care.
lí vou beííeve ve need someone vho stunds íor those vho cun't stund uíone, then píeuse regíster to vote und support me on
November 6.
I
t is an honor to represent my hometown and my alma mater in the Maine House of Representatives. My education, friend-
ships, and service while at college shaped me tremendously. I have enjoyed hearing from Colby students on state laws
about the environment, equality, and public health policy.
I am proud of the record I have built since being elected during my senior year at Colby in 2008: I authored a bipartisan
bííí to heíp smuíí busíness, l voted íor murríuge equuíítv, to preserve u vomun's ríght to choose, und stood uguínst extreme
chunges to the North Muíne \oods. l voted to bun ßlA írom chíídren's product, und uguínst veukeníng pestícíde ruíes. l
voted to protect the beneíts oí vorkers severeív íníured on the íob, und uguínst íettíng ínsurunce compuníes ruíse premíums
by as much as nine percent without public review. I have been endorsed by the League of Conservation Voters, Equality-
Maine, and the Sierra Club. I am a Democrat, but I know that no party has a monopoly on good ideas.
Cn promotíng uíternutíve energv, there's u díííerence ín thís cumpuígn. l beííeve ve must support tíduí, hvdro, vínd, und
soíur pover toduv. 1he cheupest energv ís energv never consumed und the most expensíve optíon ís doíng nothíng ubout
climate change. Even if viable, I would not support drilling for oil off the Maine coast.
Now, voters face a choice. I have cast balanced, informed votes for equality, for the environment, and for the families I
grev up víth ín \utervíííe und Cukíund. l vííí do the sume ín the next íegísíutíve sessíon. Modern poíítícs ís tumuítuous und
unpredíctubíe, but l beííeve l um the best ít íor thís dístríct und these chuííengíng tímes. l usk íor vour vote íor Stute Represen-
tative.
By Colleen Lachowicz
COLLEEN LACHOWICZ: DEMOCRAT FOR MAINE’S 25TH SENATE DISTRICT
By Henry Beck ‘09
HENRY BECK: DEMOCRAT FOR THE 76TH HOUSE DISTRICT
M
unv oí vou ut Coíbv vííí be votíng ín Muíne íor the írst tíme thís eíectíon. Regurdíess oí vhom vou vííí be votíng
for in the national election this November, I hope you will keep an open mind when it comes to voting at the state
level. I am an independent-minded Maine Republican and my views can substantially differ from those of the na-
tíonuí Repubíícun lurtv. l um u smuíí busíness ovner víth 20 veurs experíence ín the churter íshíng und íundscupe índustríes.
Mv vííe Hoíív und l huve three chíídren, uges 4 to ll. Mv experíences ín operutíng u smuíí busíness und ruísíng u specíuí
needs chííd huve heíped shupe mv poíítícuí víevs, vhích l vííí bríeív summuríze.
Social Issues: While it is a ballot issue to be decided by voters rather than your State Representative, I will tell you that
l um Yes on Cuestíon l. l support sume-sex murríuge becuuse the government hus no ríght to deíne ºmurríuge.¨ lí u reíígíous
ínstítutíon vunts to sunctíon sume-sex murríuge, thev have the constitutional right of religious freedom to do so.
Lconomíc lssues: 1ímes ure tough here ín \utervíííe und uround Muíne. \hether vou vork íor u íívíng, ííve on u íxed ín-
come, or own a small business, the rising costs of energy and food prices have hurt us all. I have gone door-to-door through-
out Waterville and found people working longer hours und muítípíe íobs, onív to índ thut thev stííí cunnot uííord the busíc
necessities of life. This loss of discretionary income has hurt small businesses, most of which rely on discretionary consumer
purchuses íor theír survívuí. Loveríng energv und íood costs ís u príorítv. 1ux poíícv must uíso be redírected to tux peopíe
vhen thev spend monev ruther thun íor ovnershíp. 1he íoveríng oí excíse und propertv tuxes shouíd be u príorítv. Reguíutorv
reform must also play a role in any economic recovery.
As a Maine Republican, my top priority will be to restore to the hard-working people of Maine the standards of living they
once enjoyed. I hope that I have peaked your curiosity enough that you will feel free to contact me at andreforhouse76@
yahoo.com or (207)873-2069 with further questions.
By Mark Andre
MARK ANDRE: REPUBLICAN FOR MAINE’S 76TH HOUSE DISTRICT
I
am running for re-election to the Maine Senate for you, and for others seeking the opportunity to pursue a rewarding career
here ín Muíne. lor the írst tíme ín our countrv's hístorv, there ís reuson to questíon vhether or not vou vííí eníov the sume
stundurd oí íívíng thut vour purents díd. \hen l run íor oííce ín 20l0, Muíne runked 50th ín the Forbes analysis of best
places to operate a business.
To address this, I have worked hard with like-minded Democrats, Republicans, and Independents to put Maine on a more
prosperous puth. 1hís pust sessíon, ve udopted reíorms to our tux, veííure, pensíon, heuíth ínsurunce, vorkers' compensu-
tíon, und educutíon svstems. 1o become better stevurds oí scurce tux doííurs, ve huve uíso eíímínuted íruud und vuste ut
tuxpuver-íunded ugencíes ííke the Muíne 1urnpíke und Stute Housíng Authorítíes.
Of great importance to your future is the actions we took to invest in educational opportunities. Unlike other states that
huve experíenced severe budget probíems duríng these economíc condítíons, Muíne díd not reduce íundíng to hígher educu-
tion. Job creation and strong education and training systems go hand in hand.
ßecuuse smuíí busínesses uccount íor over 80 percent oí uíí nev íobs, ve huve streumííned our busíness reguíutorv svs-
tems, and made it the mission of all state agencies to assist businesses seeking to add new employees. Our historic reforms
will take time to be fully implemented, but I am pleased with the results so far. A summary of some of the notable actions we
took on your behalf can be found at mainepromiseskept.com.
By Tom Martin
TOM MARTIN: REPUBLICAN FOR MAINE’S 25TH SENATE DISTRICT
M
aine voters face tough decisions this November
that will largely determine the course of Maine’s
future. Whoever is chosen to represent Maine and
in the Senate will certainly have a large impact statewide,
but also has enormous potential to upset the gridlock in
Washington. Three strong candidates have emerged, but only
one has the experience and leadership to challenge the status
quo in Washington D.C.: independent candidate Angus King.
As Governor of Maine, King spearheaded the “Maine
Learning Technology Initiative,” a program that gives Maine
students equal access to technology by providing laptops to
míddíe schooí cíussrooms. l suv írsthund líng's progrum und
mv schooí beneíted ímmenseív. Mv communítv, ííke munv
across the state of Maine, was economically marginalized
and many of my classmates did not have access to computers
or lnternet ut home. Leveííng the píuvíng íeíd ucross the stute
ensures that all Maine students have the same opportunities.
líng's píutíorm reíects hís vuíues und the vuíues oí
Maine people. He is pro-choice, supports marriage equality,
and believes in fair and transparent elections. He supports
progressive environmental policies and has experience both
as Governor and in the private sector working with alterna-
tive energy. He supports efforts to reduce our impact on the
environment. As an independent, King has the power to
choose based on Maine’s values. I am certain that he will
work tirelessly to represent the Great State of Maine!
By Kaitlyn Bernard, Contributing Writer
ANGUS KING: INDEPENDENT FOR SENATE SEAT
C
ynthia Dill is not only running her U.S. Senate cam-
paign based on the solid, concrete principles of social
justice, economic equality, and grassroots support,
but she is also running her campaign based on ideas and
convictions, which is something that Angus King’s campaign
lacks. Though it would be easy to target the vagueness of
King’s platform, it is his dearth of ideas that is truly startling.
For example, only after Dill’s campaign contacted King’s,
days after the Supreme Court ruling on the Affordable Care
Act, díd líng chunge hís vebsíte to shov hís uíírmutíon íor
purts oí the bííí. 1hís hesítutíon reíects u íuííure to embruce
progress and an out-of-touch air that permeates his cam-
paign. On many issues, Dill and King share similar views.
With regards to implementation, I worry that King will spend
too much of his time forfeiting his values rather than present-
ing his own laws. King, like Dill, supports gay marriage, but,
as governor, King did nothing to support the LGBTQ commu-
nity. Dill has worked tirelessly to promote LGBTQ equality,
drafting laws and voting with conscience.
As u íííeíong Muíner mvseíí und u írst generutíon coííege
student from a working-class Maine family, I am voting for
Cynthia Dill because her dedication and advocacy for bring-
ing the privilege of opportunity to all of Maine’s citizens is
something that I admire.
C
harlie Summers, Maine’s Secretary of State, is the
Repubíícun cundídute íor the Senute to ííí the vucunt
seat of Olympia Snowe. He served as Snowe’s in-
state director from 1995 to 2004, helping Mainers navigate
through federal bureaucracy. Summers has promised to vote
for reigning in excessive federal spending, vote to repeal the
Affordable Care Act, and against more bailouts for compa-
nies. His platform is that of job creation; Summers has prom-
ised to support bills that will invest in small businesses and
create economic growth. Summers has also promised to not
raise taxes, signing Grover Norquist’s No-Tax Pledge.
As Secretary of State for the last few years, he knows in-
timately of the state’s economic troubles and more so than
either of his two rival candidates, Democrat Cynthia Dill
and Independent Angus King. He has had lifelong success
in creating and running small businesses, as shown by his
time serving as the New England Regional Administrator of
the U.S. Small Business Association. Charlie Summers has
the experience needed to represent the hard-working people
of the State of Maine in the Senate, and the people of Maine
recognize that. Angus King’s lead in the polls from 25 per-
cent in June to just eight in September is still shrinking. Char-
lie Summers is the type of hard-working, smart leadership
Maine needs in Washington.
By Tom LeTourneau, Contributing Writer
CYNTHIA DILL: DEMOCRAT FOR SENATE SEAT
By Lucas Woodward, Contributing Writer
CHARLIE SUMMERS: REPUBLICAN FOR SENATE SEAT
14 Colby College
MAINE
I
am in love with a man. Someday I might want to
marry him. This November, voters in Maine and
three other states will decide whether I have the right
to do so.
1hís ísn't the írst tíme the questíon oí murríuge
ríghts hus been put up íor u vote. Síx stutes und the
Dístríct oí Coíumbíu currentív íssue murríuge íícenses to
sume-sex coupíes, but huve onív gotten there through íegís-
íutures or the courts. Never beíore hus u buííot meusure put-
tíng the íssue up íor popuíur vote gone ín íuvor oí murríuge
equuíítv. 1hírtv-one tímes voters huve reíected murríuge íor
sume-sex coupíes ut the buííot box. Some huve expíícítív
prohíbíted sume-sex murríuge, us ís vhut huppened ín North
Curoíínu eurííer thís veur. Cther stutes huve repeuíed bv reí-
erendum íuvs thut íeguíízed sume-sex murríuge, usís vhut
huppened ín Cuíííorníu ín 2008 und Muíne ín 2009.
ln 2009, Muíners veíghed ín on the murríuge equuíítv íuv
pussed through the stute íegísíuture. 1he reíerendum reíected
the íuv 53 percent to 47 percent. Attuck uds íunded bv the
Nutíonuí Crgunízutíon íor Murríuge und other nutíonuí untí-
guv groups ígnored the expíícít exemptíons íor reíígíous ínstí-
tutíons thut vere íncíuded ín the íuv. 1hev cíuímed churches
vouíd be íorced, uguínst theír vííí, to oíícíute murríuge
ceremoníes. 1hut símpív vus not und ís not true. ßut the
cucophonv generuted bv the medíu bíítz ín the duvs runníng
up to the eíectíon vus enough to svuv cíose poíí numbers to
a decisive victory.
Some ímportunt íuctors muke thís eíectíon díííerent. Re-
murkubíe socíuí und poíítícuí shííts huve occurred sínce
2009. Cuv churucters ín shovs ííke Cíee und Modern lum-
íív huve mude conversutíons ubout guv reíutíonshíps u ííttíe
eusíer íor peopíe ín theír íívíng rooms. And ín the poíítícuí
sphere, Don't Ask Don't 1eíí vus repeuíed und sume-sex
marriage became legal in New York. Having the president
on vour síde deíníteív heíps too. lresídent ßuruck Cbumu's
unnouncement oí hís personuí support íor murríuge equuí-
ítv íust Muv vus íoííoved bv the Democrutíc purtv udoptíng
support íor murríuge equuíítv ín íts píutíorm.
Lquuíív ímportunt hus been the íght on the ground here
ín Muíne. Muíners Lníted íor Murríuge ís the umbreííu or-
gunízutíon orchestrutíng the cumpuígn to vín the íreedom
to murrv íor uíí íovíng, commítted coupíes ín Muíne. \hííe
the 2009 cumpuígn ín Muíne spoke oí equuí ríghts, the 20l2
cumpuígn speuks oí íove und íumíív, íunguuge opponents
dominated in the past. Since then, advocates have had over
200,000 one-on-one conversutíons víth Muíners ubout vhv
murríuge mutters. 1he ºevoíutíon¨ the presídent spoke oí ís
real.
Murríuge ís certuínív not the end oí the roud íor LCß1
peopíe ín thís countrv. lt doesn't soíve buíívíng oí guv teens,
ít doesn't protect LCß1 peopíe írom beíng íred, und munv
víthín the LCß1 communítv don't even vunt to get mur-
ríed. ßut l thínk murríuge ís somethíng most peopíe under-
stund, und ít's u vuv to buííd common ground. As recent
sensutíon Muckíemore suvs ín hís song supportíng guv mur-
ríuge ín \ushíngton, ºít's u dumn good píuce to sturt.¨
No mutter vho vou íove or vho vou vunt to see ín the
\híte House, Cuestíon Cne shouíd bríng us together. 1hís
ís u questíon oí pubííc poíícv, but the vuv to vín ís through
peopíe's heurts. Aíter uíí, íove ís íove.
MAINERS UNITED:
MARRIAGE FOR EVERYONE
By Pat Adams Contributing Writer
October 19, 2012 15
MAINE
Politics Should Not Outweigh Policy:
By Alex Ojerholm Staff Writer
B
arack Obama promised many chang-
es. It is hard enough to keep track
of them all, never mind to properly
execute them. Duríng hís írst presí-
dential campaign, Obama grandly
assured the American electorate that
he vouíd íx the ímmígrutíon svstem víthín hís írst
veur ín oííce. ºlíx¨ ís certuínív u vugue vord und
leaves much room for interpretation, but three and
a half years later, it is safe so say that America and
its immigrants are still waiting.
The economy did warrant immediate attention
and Obamacare took a lot of time and effort, but
promises are promises, and so his lack of attention
is duly noted. However, this is not to say that President
Cbumu hus steered cíeur oí the ºímmígrutíon urenu.¨
In fact, he has an extremely checkered history when it
comes to the issue.
After delighting pro-immigration groups with his 2008
campaign promises, Obama promptly tallied a record
number oí deportutíons víthín hís írst term ín oííce. As
he stands now, he has over 1.1 million deportations un-
der his belt (the most of any president since the 1950s).
Last year alone, the U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement totaled 396,906 deportations, an agency
record. All this coming from the man who wanted illegal
immigrants to come out of the shadows and embrace the
American way of life. This from the man who was sorely
disappointed when his DREAM Act failed to become a
REAL Act. Hypocrisy much?
And vet, the píot thíckens. luced víth ungrv Lutínos
und un ímportunt eíectíon ín November, Cbumu ínuíív
decided to reform immigration laws this past June.
Laughing in the face of the democratic processes that
denied him his DREAM Act, Obama simply passed the
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA)
through an executive order. His action is the political
equívuíent oí ííppíng the bírd ut Congress. DACA permíts
people aged 30 and under who arrived in the United
States before age 16 and who pose no criminal or secu-
rity threat and were successful students or who served in
the military to get a two-year deferral from deportation,
during which time they can apply for work permits and
citizenship as well as obtain other legal documents. It’s
a temporary measure set to expire in 2013, but it still got
the immigrant community extremely excited.
Politics and democracy aside, DACA could be a good
addition to America’s immigration policy repertoire.
Amerícu hus u deícít oí skíííed íuborers und thís demo-
gruphíc seems to ít thut bííí, und the proííe oí student
or military enlistee seems to suggest that these people
would become upstanding citizens.
But taking politics and American democratic processes
into account, DACA does not look so good. Put simply,
Obama put politics over leadership, and misused his
executive power to gain an edge in the election. He did
away with traditional representational due process to
INTERNATIONAL
16 Outside Colby
Obama’s Problematic Passage of DACA
“AFTER DELIGHTING PRO-
IMMIGRATION GROUPS WITH
HIS 2008 CAMPAIGN PROM-
ISES, OBAMA PROMPTLY TAL-
LIED A RECORD NUMBER OF
DEPORTATIONS WITHIN HIS
FIRST TERM OF OFFICE.”
Problematic DACA Program, continued page 23
By Chloe Gilroy Staff Writer
P
resident Barack Obama’s current immigration
plan is the only viable option for this country. It
is a plan that is not based on fear and the deg-
radation of human life. The central difference
between Obama’s and Governor Mitt Romney’s
píuns to íx ímmígrutíon poíícv essentíuíív ííes
in how they will go about introducing reforms. Both candi-
dates support measures to give out more visas for high skilled
foreign workers, respect the importance of a strong border
security force equipped with advanced technology, and have
stood behind measures to crack down on illegal labor. But
what sets Obama apart from Romney is his belief that attri-
tion by enforcement is not the way to go about ensuring a
more eíícíent ímmígrutíon svstem.
Obama, through prosecutorial discretion, has allowed for
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). DACA mir-
rors the DREAM Act very closely, and is meant to act as a
way to give students living in this country the opportunity to
pursue higher education. To qualify for deferred action, you
must have entered the U.S. before the age of 16, be under
the age of 31, have been in the U.S. continually since 2007,
have been present in the country on the day the proclama-
tion was made, and have no criminal record. If you qualify
for deferred action, you technically do not hold legal status,
but vííí be exempt írom deportutíon íor the tvo veurs uíter
you apply. At the same time, this would allow border patrol
and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) the ability to
focus on higher priority cases. This would lessen the burden
that both of these enforcement agencies face, and would help
lessen the load that immigration courts bear, many of which
huve theír dockets íííed up untíí 20l6. Cbumu hus contínuuí-
ly stood in support of efforts, such as the DREAM Act, that let
young immigrants who are by and large not responsible for
their immigration status and who have been in the country for
most of their lives get a college degree and begin their path to
citizenship. These efforts will, in turn, allow ICE to focus on
only the most pressing immigration cases, and would free up
border patrol, enabling them to guard the natural land barri-
ers at the border through which most people cross.
In contrast, Mitt Romney stands in opposition to all “mag-
nets” that draw immigrants into the country illegally or en-
courage them to stay. According to a Hu||ng|on Ios| October
3 article, Romney has stated that if elected he would veto the
DREAM Act and would eliminate deferred action. In doing
so, he is purporting a system that would not only eliminate
all efforts to give undocumented children who have continu-
ally resided in this country the opportunity to pursue higher
education without fear of deportation, but would also attempt
to make undocumented immigrants leave by their own voli-
tíon bv mukíng theír ííves us dííícuít und unbeurubíe us pos-
sible. It is this same enforcement by attrition policy that led to
October 19, 2012 17
An Appeal for Deferred
Action Over Self-Deportation
INTERNATIONAL
Immigrant Rights, continued page 23
The DREAM Act proposes to grant undocumented
residents who are students in this country the
opportunity to pursue higher education.
18 Outside Colby
L
ast spring, President Barack Obama endured ex-
tensive criticism for not demonstrating adequate
support for Israel when he suggested that Israeli-
Palestinian negotiations should begin at the 1967
borders. These borders refer to what is colloquial-
ly known as “The Green Line,” a territory Israel captured dur-
ing the Six Day War in June of 1967. Conservative, pro-Israel
constituents argued that a Palestinian State marked by the
Green Line would render Israel indefensible and that Israeli
security was not a high enough priority in the President’s
foreign policy. However, Obama’s statement did not assert a
Palestinian State should be created in strict accordance with
pre-1967 borders. Rather, he recognized the reality that Pal-
estinian-Israeli negotiations are both unfeasible and impracti-
cal if they do not at least begin at the pre-1967 lines. There
exists no other basis from which to start negotiations.
The president acknowledged the need for some degree
of land swaps to accommodate the ever-growing settle-
ment enterpríse und unvuveríngív conírmed thut eííectíve
negotiations are contingent on ensuring Israel’s security. In
fact, Israeli defense minister Ehud Barak commented in early
August that he could hardly remember a time in Israel’s his-
tory when American support, cooperation, and backing had
been stronger than it was under the Obama administration.
Even during the last year, when tensions between Obama
and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu have ap-
peured struíned, lsrueíí oíícíuís huve pruísed Cbumu's ubííítv
to maintain Israeli security as a foreign policy priority. Israel’s
former intelligence directorate Amos Yadlin commented that
“what is unique in the Obama administration is [that] in spite
of the disagreements on the political lev-
el, the military and intelligence relation-
shíp vhích beneíts both sídes vííí not
be spoiled by the political tension.”
Rather than claiming Obama hasn’t
placed a high enough premium on Is-
raeli security, a more realistic critique
of the President’s policies might be that
he has—at times—been too supportive
of Israel and its endeavors in the occu-
pied territories. Although the American
administration has continually opposed
the expansion of Israel’s settlement enter-
prise, the United States employed its United Nations Security
Council veto last February against a bill that would interna-
tionally condemn Israeli settlements and demand a halt to
their construction. These settlements—Jewish communities
established east of the Green Line following the 1967 War—
directly threaten the peace process. On a political level, the
Palestinian Authority will not resume negotiations until Israel
halts settlement construction. On a legal level, Jewish settle-
ments violate United Nations Resolutions 242 and 338. On
a humanitarian level, settlements infringe on Palestinians’
freedom of movement, right to education, and freedom of
religion. Israeli security is not contingent on expanding Jew-
ish settlements in the West Bank, and failing to condemn
By Lauren Fischer Contributing Writer
INTERNATIONAL
“A Better Friend To Israel”:
Exploring the Policies, Criticisms, and Implications
of Obama’s Relationship with Israel
An Ally to Israel, continued page 22
“EVEN WHEN TENSIONS BETWEEN
OBAMA AND ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER
BENJAMIN NETANYAHU HAVE APPEARED
STRAINED, ISRAELI OFFICIALS
HAVE PRAISED OBAMA’S ABILITY TO
MAINTAIN ISRAELI SECURITY AS A
FOREIGN POLICY PRIORITY.”
O
n November 6, Americans will choose
between two candidates who will
most likely struggle to improve the
United States’ relations with the Mid-
dle East. The region’s current volatility
will prevent most diplomatic progress,
und urmed ínterventíon vííí íeud to íong-term coníícts und
further destabilization. President Barack Obama’s Middle
East policies are better than Rebulican Candidate Mitt Rom-
ney’s policies on almost every issue due to Obama’s relative
carefulness and reluctance to use force.
The escalating Syrian civil war between the brutal Assad
regime and an underfunded group of
rebels is one of the most pressing is-
sues in the Middle East. Daily cross-
border exchanges with Turkey—once
pro-Assad, and currently a member of
NATO—threaten to transform the civil
war into a global crisis. Obama pledges
that he will not arm belligerents, while
Romney not only promises to aid the
rebels, but also says he will employ
Amerícu's uír íorce to creute u no-ív
zone. Romney’s interventionist approach in Syria will result
ín u druvn out, escuíutíng conííct thut Amerícu cunnot uí-
íord, íscuíív or poíítícuíív.
Mitt Romney voices strong support for Israel, saying that
he will place “no daylight” between the United States and
the Jewish state, criticizing Obama for supposedly not sup-
porting the country. Obama retained President George W.
Bush’s $3 billion per year in aid to Israel, and approved an
uddítíonuí unnuuí S275 mííííon to ínunce lsrueí's íron dome
missile defense system. Yet, conservatives continue to assert
that the President is no friend of Israel. President Obama
has consistently supported a two-state solution to resolve the
lsrueíí-luíestíníun conííct. Romnev, hovever, hus shííted
around the ideological spectrum. His platform includes a
two-state solution, but at a private donor event this summer
he said “there’s just no way” that the Palestinians will ever
agree to peace with Israel. Romney also attests that Israeli
settlements in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, which are
obvious roadblocks to peace, should be discussed in private.
President Obama has referred to these settlements as “illegiti-
mate.”
The Islamic Republic of Iran’s ongoing nuclear program
was one of most discussed issues at the United Nations
Ceneruí Assembív's síxtv-írst sessíon ín eurív Cctober. 1he
Romney campaign continues to claim that President Obama
is not tough enough on Iran. Yet, there is no need for a more
direct approach on Iran because the harsh sanctions the
United States and the European Union have placed on Iran
are working: the Iranian rial lost forty percent of its value
against the dollar in October. President Mahmoud Ahma-
dinejad and Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei con-
tinue to deny that the sanctions are affecting Iranian popular
opinion, but recent protests in Tehran suggest otherwise.
The idealistic directness of Romney’s Middle East policies
reíects the one-term governor's severe íuck oí experíence
in foreign affairs. He assumes that arming Syrian rebels will
By Ben Carlin Staff Writer
October 19, 2012 19
INTERNATIONAL
Obama, Romney, and the Middle East:
Why Obama trumps Romney, but neither
candidate is likely to succeed in the volatile region
Middle East Policy Overview, continued page 22
“THE IDEALISTIC DIRECTNESS OF
ROMNEY’S MIDDLE EAST POLICIES
REFLECTS THE ONE-TERM
GOVERNOR’S SEVERE LACK OF
EXPERIENCE IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS.”
THE BUSINESSMAN: “ROMNEY UNDERSTANDS THE
TOOLS NECESSARY FOR BUSINESSES TO SUCCEED”
considering that half of small businesses
íuíí víthín íve veurs). Nuturuíív, though,
somebodv eíse vus responsíbíe íor hís
success, ríght: Suv vhut vou vunt ubout
the guv, or prívute equítv even, but
Romnev conceptuuíív understunds vhut
busínesses need to succeed. Covern-
ment cun, oí course, encouruge índívíd-
uuís to endeuvor víth ºentrepreneuríuí
spírít,¨ but governmenttheoretícuíív
hus compíete controí over tuxutíon.
Cuttíng corporute tuxes to 25 percent
írom the current rute oí 35 percent
will allow for businesses to become
more competítíve und to potentíuíív
íncreuse vuges. ln uddítíon, Romnev
píuns to repeuí the corporute Aíternutíve
Mínímum 1ux, us veíí us the Aííordubíe
Cure Act. 1o íncreuse humun cupítuí,
Romnev píuns to trunsíer the responsí-
bííítv oí vorkíorce truíníng to the stutes.
Attuckíng teuchers' uníons, ímpíement-
íng períormunce puv, und uííovíng íor
students to huve more schooí choíce
vííí go íur ín creutíng índívíduuís better
equípped íor íííe's endeuvors. Romnev
understunds the tooís necessurv íor
busínesses to succeed, und vííí uííov
these enterpríses to prosper shouíd he
be gíven the opportunítv.
A deuímukeror u poíítícíun, oí
courseídeuíív under-promíses und
over-deíívers. lresídent Cbumu, uníor-
tunuteív, hus done the exuct opposíte.
1he guuruntees oí Cbumu's írst presí-
dentíuí cumpuígn, specíícuíív pushíng
unempíovment numbers dovn und
cuttíng the deícít ín huíí, huve vet to
muteríuííze. Hís ínubííítv to cross purtv
íínes hus contínuuíív restrícted hís ubíí-
ítv to enuct eííectíve economíc poíícv.
Chunge ís necessurv. lí eíected, Cover-
nor Romnev vííí íeud our countrv víth
ínteííígence, pussíon, und success.
(Continued from page 6)
NEWS
tíves íor empíovers to híre the íong-
term unempíoved. lresídent Cbumu
proposed thut uíí monev goíng ínto thís
progrum be oííset bv equuí umounts ín
spendíng cuts, mukíng ít deícít-neutruí.
Compure thís víth Covernor Rom-
nev's píun: cut tuxes und dereguíute.
Covernor Romnev beííeves thut íí ve
do thís thun the íob probíem vííí soíve
ítseíí. 1here ís some evídence thut thís
method cun creute íobs. 1uke íor ex-
umpíe 1exus, u heuvíív Repubíícun stute
thut, uccordíng to the Annenberg lubííc
loíícv Center, creuted 40 percent oí
nev íobs nutíonuíív sínce lune oí 2009.
Hovever, thís stutístíc musks the íuct
that most of these jobs were low wage
und íov beneít íobs. 1exus ís tíed víth
Míssíssíppí íor the híghest percent-
uge oí hourív vorkers ut or beíov the
mínímum vuge ut 9.5 percent, und
leads the nation in those without health
ínsurunce ut 26 percent. Repubíícun
economícs íeud to more íov-puvíng
íobs und cheup íubor íor corporutíons,
vhííe lresídent Cbumu's poíícíes seek
to gíve índívíduuís hígher-puvíng íobs
und u better quuíítv oí íííe.
1he kev vord to remember vhííe
consíderíng these competíng píuns ís
uríthmetíc. Anvone vho tuned ín to
íormer lresídent ßííí Cíínton's speech
ut the Democrutíc Nutíonuí Conventíon
ís uíreudv íumíííur víth the sígníícunce
oí thís vord to lresídent Cbumu's
cumpuígn. lor those vho díd not, l usk
vou to consíder these íucts. 1he nu-
tíonuí debt ís rísíng und unempíovment
remuíns hígh. As u nutíon, ve must do
somethíng ubout these pressíng íssues.
1he Democrutíc píun vííí tuke u buí-
unced upprouch, muke heudvuv on the
deícít, protect the socíuí suíetv net, und
províde good puvíng íobs. 1he Repubíí-
cun píun vííí reív on spendíng cuts und
re-treud the ídeus oí the ßush udmín-
ístrutíon thut contríbuted to the 2008
economíc recessíon. 1hese Repubíícun
ídeus huve been tríed, und theír muth
símpív husn't udded up.
MATHEMATICS 101: WHY ROMNEY’S
NUMBERS JUST DON’T ADD UP
(Continued from page 7)
20 Outside Colby
NEWS
October 19, 2012 21
stííí cíuíms ºthere remuíns u íuck oí scíentííc consensus on
the íssue on the extent oí the vurmíng, the extent oí the hu-
mun contríbutíon und the severítv oí the rísk.¨ Despíte the
steps íorvurd our countrv hus tuken ín envíronmentuí uvure-
ness und reguíutíon over the pust 40 veurs or so, Romnev
contínues to cumpuígn on u píutíorm oí ígnorunce tovurd the
truív uíurmíng envíronmentuí íssues oí our generutíon.
Cbumu promíses to promote the heuíth oí our communí-
tíes bv estubííshíng nutíonuí suíeguurds to cut toxíc uír emís-
síons írom pover píunts, bv pushíng íor strícter íueí economv
stundurds íor curs und smuíí trucks, und bv contínuíng the
grovth oí the vínd und soíur energv sector thut creuted neur-
ív 250,000 íobs.
1here ís no doubt thut munv ure crítícuí und dubíous oí
the Cbumu udmínístrutíon's cíeun energv ugendu. Hovever,
our generutíon must not ígnore cíímute chunge und must ín-
tegrute the íssue ínto íts economíc píunníng und grovth. \e
cunnot símpív íoííov the Repubíícun motto oí, ºDrííí, bubv
drííí.¨ Creen íobs und uíternutíve sources oí energv must be
the íuture oí our countrv, und lresídent Cbumu hus shovn u
steudíust dedícutíon to thís ídeoíogv.
OBAMA’S CLEAN ENERGY AGENDA:
“Green Jobs, Alternative Energy Sources Future of Our Country”
(Continued from page 8)
cupture methune ut the drííííng síte,
endíng un oíd pructíce oí reíeusíng gus-
es ínto the uír ut the drííííng síte. Cíuíms
such us the ßurtíett Shuíe breust cuncer
spíke ín 1exus huve been debunked
bv the 1exus Cuncer Regístrv und the
breust cuncer udvocucv group Susun C.
lomen íor the Cure. Crítícs oíten cíte
vídeos oí drínkíng vuter beíng íít on
íre neur drííííng sítes, but íuíí to reuí-
íze thut even beíore íruckíng exísted,
vuter neur nuturuí gus reserves couíd
eusíív be íít on íre. \hííe one couíd
muke the urgument thut more reseurch
ís needed to íuíív understund these en-
víronmentuí eííects, the beneíts oí thís
domestíc energv bonunzu ure dííícuít
to overstute. A trunsítíon to nuturuí gus
vííí both suppíement eíectrícítv pro-
ductíon und íueí curs, us veíí us reduce
energv príces und curbon emíssíons.
\e need u smurter und more trunspur-
ent reguíutorv írumevork to unshuckíe
our domestíc energv sources.
No one cun reíute thut renevubíe en-
ergv technoíogíes ure currentív prohíbí-
tíveív expensíve. 1he probíem ís thut
three oí the seven renevubíe energv
írms thut receíved guurunteed íouns
írom the Cbumu udmínístrutíon ín 2009
und 20l0 ure nov bunkrupt, víth u
íourth neur bunkruptcv. Moreover, the
Obumu udmínístrutíon íuííed to ín-
creuse drííííng on íederuí íunds, víth uíí
grovth ín domestíc drííííng ín the pust
íour veurs huppeníng on prívute íunds,
und hus íuííed to tuke the ínítíutíve on
íruckíng. Hís proposed cup und trude
progrums, us veíí us hís support íor
the removuí oí domestíc drííííng subsí-
díes, threuten to ruíse energv príces íor
consumers ut u tíme vhen househoíd
income is fuíííng. \hen presented víth
the facts the choíce shouíd be obvíous.
1uke u responsíbíe upprouch to L.S.
energv poíícv und vote íor Mítt Romnev
thís November.
ROMNEY’S PATH TO ENERGY INDEPENDENCE:
Unshackling Our Domestic Energy Sources
(Continued from page 9)
NEWS
October 19, 2012 22
not entangle America in a lengthy war and subsequent peace-
keeping duties. He claims that he will be more successful than
President Obama in the pursuit of Israeli-Palestinian peace, but
does not even have faith in his own proposed two-state solu-
tion. Finally, he wrongly asserts that Obama is easy on Iran, and
vaguely argues for a more direct approach, despite the Obama
administration’s success in hampering the Iranian economy.
Obama’s Middle East policies are more favorable than Rom-
ney’s, but the President’s record is far from perfect. Following
the Arab Spring, President Obama’s administration misjudged
the strength of American relations and interests in the Arab
world. For instance, Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi was
slow to condemn the recent terrorist attacks on American em-
bassies and consulates throughout the Arab world, suggesting
that a democratic Egypt is not the ally that Obama assumed it
vouíd be. 1he lresídent's írst term hus seen some ímprove-
ment in Israeli-Palestinian relations, but Iran, while suffering,
continues to seek nuclear arms. The Middle East is currently in
such a precarious political state that neither candidate’s policies
are likely to have profoundly positive results, but at least Obama
treats the region with some prudence.
MIDDLE EAST POLICY OVERVIEW:
“The President’s record is far from perfect.”
(Continued from page 19)
them surpasses America’s commitment to protect our greatest
ally in the region. Obama’s policies show that his allegiance
to lsrueí hus not íuítered throughout hís írst term. lí unvthíng,
he should be careful to maintain a realist understanding of the
regíonuí envíronment to uvoíd coníutíng lsrueíí securítv víth
support for Israeli policy.
Republican candidate Mitt Romney has arguably focused his
Israel agenda on the latter rather than the former. During his
summer trip to Israel, he basked in a round of applause from his
rightwing audience after calling Jerusalem the capital of Israel
and agreeing to consider moving the American Embassy from
Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Such a move would question American
credibility to negotiate the peace process, as both Israel and
Palestine claim Jerusalem as their capitals. Pragmatically, being
a “better friend to Israel” in Romney’s terms could compromise
rather than protect Israeli security. While Obama’s support of
the UN veto in February is questionable, his framework for
beginning negotiations at the pre-1967 borders demonstrates
a necessary ability to consider multidimensional, geo-politics
from both Israeli and Palestinian paradigms in a way that works
toward Israeli security, even if it questions Israeli policy.
AN ALLY TO ISRAEL: “The President’s allegiance to
/s|ae| |as not fa|te|ed t||oµg|oµt ||s h|st te|m."
(Continued from page 18)
health insurance if the ACA were to be repealed, but as previ-
ously stated, the study the President referred to projected its
numbers over ten years.
Governor Romney blames the President for “doubling the

lresídent Cbumu díd not doubíe the deícít. He díd not
doubíe the íederuí deícít, und he most certuínív díd not doubíe
the unnuuí íscuí deícít, vhích vus the number reíerred to bv
Governor Romney. This claim is simply false. Governor Rom-
nev noted thut vhen lresídent Cbumu took oííce ín 2008 the
unnuuí íscuí deícít vus S458.6 bííííon, und thut ít nov resídes
ut Sl.09 trííííon. Here's the probíem víth Covernor Romnev's
ussertíon: the deícít íor the íscuí veur 2008 vus cuícuíuted ín
June, four months before President Obama was even elected,
und síx months beíore he took oííce. lurthermore, the 2008
deícít ís un extremeív íov number due to the rupíd economíc
descent this country went through in the same year. Accord-
íng to the non-purtísun Congressíonuí ßudget Cííce, vhen the
lresídent took oííce ín lunuurv oí 2009 the deícít vus recorded
to be Sl.l9 trííííon. 1hus, the unnuuí íscuí deícít hus been
slightly reduced during President Obama’s term.
DEBUNKING THE DEBATE: A Collection of Misrepresentations
(Continued from page 3)
IMMIGRANT RIGHTS: ROMNEY’S VISION IS
TO MAKE IMMIGRANTS’ LIVES UNBEARABLE
Arizona’s attempt to pass a bill that
made principals check the immigration
status of all their students and that al-
íoved poííce oíícers the ríght to use
their discretion to pull over anyone and
ask for their citizenship papers. This is
an immoral and unethical policy, which
relies upon the diminishment of the
human condition instead of substantial
structural reform within the immigration
system itself.
This country’s recourse to reforming
the immigration system should not be
in punishing undocumented immigrants
who seek to escape economic and po-
litical hardship in their own countries,
but ínsteud shouíd seek to íx u svstem
that is overburdened and ill-equipped.
The county needs to focus on prevent-
ing high-risk persons from entering the
countrv, us veíí us vorkíng víth Mexí-
co to eliminate drug related violence at
the border, which propels many to enter
the countrv íííeguíív ín the írst píuce.
Romney has shown that his vision for
immigration reform does not include
these two things. He seeks to make
the plight of the immigrant in America
even harder while building more walls
betveen the Lníted Stutes und Mexíco.
Seemingly all his efforts aim at prevent-
íng the íov oí peopíe ínto the Lníted
States without making any new com-
prehensive reforms that would propel
the immigration system forward.
October 19, 2012 23
(Continued from page 17)
NEWS
pass a policy and disrupted the three-
tiered balance of power. And not to
some noble end, but for his own better-
ment und íor u second term ín oííce.
Latinos represent the fastest-growing
ethnic group in the United States, mak-
ing them a crucial voting bloc in the
2012 election. Over 1.4 million people
may be affected by DACA, with many
of the students living in states pivotal to
Obama’s re-election, according to Pew
Hispanic Center research. Right now,
Obama is leading Romney 2 to 1 with
Latino votes, making it clear that DACA
did what Obama needed it to do.
When it comes to political policy,
Romney and Obama are alike in that
they agree changes are needed but
are vague in specifying the timing and
nature of these changes. And so I would
argue that the most compelling point
of differentiating the candidates based
on immigration policy would be to
look at DACA, not for its content, but
íor íts exístence. Cbumu sets u dunger-
ous precedent. He essentially baited
DACA beneícíuríes víth the prospect
of becoming citizens (remember, DACA
only guarantees no deportation for two
years), using his power of incumbency
to impose a program that would win
him votes. America does not need a
president who can get himself elected.
America needs a president who can act
on behalf of the nation, for the better-
ment of the nation: Mitt Romney.
DACA PROGRAM: “OBAMA SETS A
DANGEROUS PRECEDENT”
(Continued from page 16)
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