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ANSWERS
T O C H E C K YO U R U N D E R S TA N D I N G
CHAPTER 1

CHAPTER 6

CHAPTER 12

CYU 1: b and d
CYU 2: (a) 11 m
(b) 5 m
CYU 3: (a) Ax is , Ay is 
(b) Bx is , By is 
(c) R x is , R y is 
CYU 4: a

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

CHAPTER 2

CYU 1: His average velocity is 2.7 m /s,
due east. His average speed is
8.0 m /s.
CYU 2: c
CYU 3: 1.73
CYU 4: b

b
false
b and d
c

178 X
b and d
c, b, d, a
c, a, b

CHAPTER 13
CHAPTER 7

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

b
a
d
above the halfway point

CHAPTER 8

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

B, C, A
1.0 rev/s
0.30 m
8.0 m /s2

CYU 1: c
CYU 2: b
CHAPTER 14

CYU 1: 66.4%
CYU 2: Xenon has the greatest and argon
the smallest temperature.
vrms, new
CYU 3: 
0.707
vrms, initial
CYU 4: c, a, b

CHAPTER 3

CHAPTER 15

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

b
c
a and c
1. 70 m /s
2. 30 m /s
3. 40 m /s
4. 60 m /s

CHAPTER 4

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:
CYU 5:

c
d
43
a
a

CHAPTER 5

CYU 1: (a) The velocity is due south, and
the acceleration is due west.
(b) The velocity is due west, and
the acceleration is due north.
CYU 2: (a) 4r
(b) 4r
CYU 3: less than
CYU 4: (a) less than
(b) equal to

CHAPTER 9

CYU 1: 0, 45, 90
CYU 2: (a) C
(b) A
(c) B
CYU 3: A, B, C
CYU 4: (a) Both have the same
translational speed.
(b) Both have the same
translational speed.

CHAPTER 10

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

180 N/m
II
b, c, a
The rod with the square
cross section is longer.

CHAPTER 11

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

increase, decrease, remain constant
c
d
e

d
b
c
d

CHAPTER 16

CYU 1: a
CYU 2: CO and N2
CYU 3: (a) 14
(b) 2
CYU 4: (a) The truck driver is driving faster.
(b) minus sign in both places

CHAPTER 17

CYU 1: (a) 0 cm
(b) 2 cm
(c) 2 cm
CYU 2: 387 Hz
CYU 3: (a) 4
(b) 3
(c) node
(d) 110 Hz
CYU 4: (a) antinode
(b) node
(c) 14 
(d) lowered

A-9

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A-10 | ANSWERS TO CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING
CHAPTER 18

CYU 1: b and e
CYU 2: c, a, b
CYU 3: (a) corner C
(b) negative
(c) greater
CYU 4: The fluxes in (a) and (b) are the
same.
CHAPTER 19

CYU 1: (a) Yes.
(b) No.
(c) Yes.
(d) Yes.
CYU 2: b, c, a and d (a tie)
CYU 3: (a) 2.0 V
(b) 0 V
(c) 2.0 V
CYU 4: (a) decreases
(b) increases
(c) increases
(d) increases

CYU 3: The field points away from you
and is decreasing, or the field
points toward you and is
increasing.
CYU 4: the one-turn coil
CYU 5: b and d
CHAPTER 23

CYU 1: The ratio increases by a factor of 3.
CYU 2: (a) inductor
(b) resistor
CYU 3: less than
CYU 4: (a) remains the same
(b) decreases
CHAPTER 24

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

e
d
B, A, C
unpolarized — c
polarized — b

CHAPTER 25
CHAPTER 20

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

B, D, and E
c
3R, 32R, 23R, and 13R
I1  I3  I2
3.0 V  7.0 V  I3 R3  I1 R1
5.0 V  I3 R3  7.0 V  I2 R2
CYU 5: 0.80 s
CHAPTER 21

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

d
1, 3, 2
B and D (a tie), A, C
A, D, C, B

CYU 1: 55°
CYU 2: finside  0.30 m
foutside  0.30 m
CYU 3: The magnitudes of the image
distance and the image height both
become larger.
CYU 4: A, D, and E

CYU 1: d
CYU 2: a

CHAPTER 28

CYU 1: d
CYU 2: b
CYU 3: greatest — c
smallest — b
CYU 4: c
CHAPTER 29

CYU 1: a
CYU 2: less than
CYU 3: b
CHAPTER 30

CYU 1: d
CYU 2: (a) Yes.
(b) No.
CYU 3: 1s 2 2s 2 2p6 3s 2 3p6 4s 2 3d 10 4p6
CYU 4: c

CHAPTER 26

CHAPTER 31

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:
CYU 5:

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

B
c
A
converging lens, do  12 f
0.042 rad

c, d
c
d
b

CHAPTER 32
CHAPTER 27

CHAPTER 22

CYU 2: (a) d1 and  2
(b) d2 and  1
CYU 3: (a) A and C
(b) B
CYU 4: (a) broaden
(b) contract
CYU 5: (a) the maximum that is closer to
the central maximum
(b) away from the central
maximum

CYU 1: (a) constructive
(b) destructive
(c) destructive

CYU 1:
CYU 2:
CYU 3:
CYU 4:

neutrons,  particles,  rays
c
d
b and d

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Page A-11

ANSWERS
TO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS
CHAPTER 1

1. 1.37 lb
3. (a) 54.7 km/h
(b) 15.2 m/s
5. (a) 5  103 g
(b) 5 mg
(c) 5  103 g
7. (a) correct
(b) not correct
(c) not correct
(d) correct
(e) correct
9. 3.13  108 m3
11. 5.5 km
13. 80.1 km, 25.9° south of west
15. 54.1 m
17. 35.3°
19. 1.2  102 m
21. (a) 551 newtons, 36.1° north of west
(b) 551 newtons, 36.1° south of west
23. (a) 9.4 ft
(b) 69°
25. (a) 5.31 km, south
(b) 5.31 km, north
27. (a) 5600 newtons
(b) along the dashed line
29. (a) 8.6 units
(b) 34.9° north of west
(c) 8.6 units
(d) 34.9° south of west
B
31. (a) C
B
(b) B
33. (a) 147 km
(b) 47.9 km
35. 222 m, 55.8° below the x axis
37. (a) 25.0°
(b) 34.8 newtons
39. (a) 322 newtons
(b) 209 newtons
(c) 279 newtons
41. 7.1 m, 9.9° north of east
43. 30.2 m, 10.2°
45. (a) 2.7 km
(b) 6.0  101 degrees,
north of east
47. 6.88 km, 26.9°
49. (a) 178 units
(b) 164 units
51. (a) 64 m
(b) 37° south of east
53. (a) 15.8 m/s
(b) 6.37 m/s
55. (a) 46 paces
(b) 88 paces

57. (a) 5.70  102 newtons
(b) 33.6° south of west
59. (a) 10.4 units
(b) 12.0 units
61. (a) 142 newtons, 67° south of east
(b) 142 newtons, 67° north of west
63. 288 units due west and 156 units due
north

65. 91.5 m/s
67. 3.1 m/s2
69. 5  104 yr
71. 22 m/s2
73. 7.2  103 m
75. 10.6 m
77. 11.1 s
79. (a) 13 m/s
(b) 0.93 m/s2

CHAPTER 2

1. (a) 12.4 km
(b) 8.8 km, due east
3. 0.80 s
5. 9.1
7. 52 m
9. (a) 2.67  104 m
(b) 6.74 m/s, due north
11. 2.1 s
13. (a) 4.0 s
(b) 4.0 s
15. 3.19 m/s, due west
17. 30.0 m/s
19. 4.5 m
21. (a) 11.4 s
(b) 44.7 m/s2
23. (a) 1.7  102 cm/s2
(b) 0.15 s
25. (a) 1.5 m/s2
(b) 1.5 m/s2
(c) The car travels 76 m farther than the
jogger.
27. 0.74 m/s
29. 39.2 m
31. 0.87 m/s2, in the same direction as the
velocity
33. (a) 5.26 m/s
(b) 233 m
35. 14 s
37. 44.1 m/s
39. 6.12 s
41. 1.7 s
43. 1.5 m/s2
45. 1.1 s
47. 8.96 m
49. 0.767 m/s
51. 2.0  101 m
53. 0.40 s
55. 6.0 m below the top of the cliff
57. 1.9 m/s2 (segment A), 0 m/s2 (segment B),
3.3 m/s2 (segment C)
59. The answer is in graphical form.
61. 8.3 km/h2
63. (a) 6.6 s
(b) 5.3 m/s

CHAPTER 3

1. 242 m/s
3. 8600 m
5. 8.8  102 m
7. x  75.3 km, y  143 km
9. 27.0°
11. (a) 2.99  104 m/s
(b) 2.69  104 m/s
13. 14.6 s
15. 5.1 m
17. 1.7 s
19. (a) 6.0  101 m
(b) 290 m
21. (a) 239 m/s, 57.1° with respect to the
horizontal
(b) 239 m/s, 57.1° with respect to the
horizontal
23. (a) 85 m
(b) 610 m
25. (a) 1.1 s
(b) 1.3 s
27. 5.2 m
29. 14.1 m/s
31. 33.2 m
33. 11 m/s
35. 14.7 m/s
37. 42°
39. 21.9 m/s, 40.0°
41. 0.141° and 89.860°
43. D  850 m and H  31 m
45. v0B  8.79 m/s and
B  81.5°
47. (a) 2.0  103 s
(b) 1.8  103 m
49. 4.5 m/s
51. (a) 41 m/s, due east
(b) 41 m/s, due west
53. 6.3 m/s, 18° north of east
55. 7.63 m/s, 26.4° north of east
57. 5.2 m/s, 52° west of south
59. 3.05 m/s, 14.8° north of west
61. 5.4 m/s
63. (a) 1.78 s
(b) 20.8 m/s
65. 30.0 m
A-11

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A-12 | ANSWERS TO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS
67. 5.17 s
69. 63.9 m/s, 85° west of south
71. 14.9 m
73.
1  28.1° and
2  67.7°
CHAPTER 4

1. 93 N
3. 3.5  104 N
5. 4290 N
7. 37 N
9. (a) 3.6 N
(b) 0.40 N
11. 1.83 m/s2, left
13. 30.9 m/s2, 27.2° above the x axis
15. 0.78 m, 21° south of east
17. 18.4 N, 68° north of east
19. 9.6  109 N
21. (a) 10.5 m/s2
(b) 1.07
23. 0.223 m/s2
25. (a) 1.04  103 N
(b) 1.04  103 N
(c) 2.45 m/s2
(d) 1.74  1022 m/s2
27. (a) 3.75 m/s2
(b) 2.4  102 N
29. 4.7 kg
31. 178
33. 0.414 L
35. 39 N
37. The block will move. a  3.72 m/s2
39. (a) 447 N
(b) 241 N
41. (a) 390 N
(b) 7.7 m/s, direction is toward second base
43. 4.0  102 N
45. 1.65 m/s2, 34.6° above the x axis
47. (a) 7.40  105 N
(b) 1.67  109 N
49. 1.00  102 N, 53.1° south of east
51. 929 N
53. 9.70 N for each force
55. 62 N
57. 1.9  102 N
59. 0.141
61. 406 N
63. 18.0 m/s2, 56.3° above the x axis
65. 1730 N, due west
67. (a) 2.99 m/s2
(b) 129 N
69. 6.6 m/s
71. (a) 1.3 N
(b) 6.5 N
73. (a) 1610 N
(b) 2640 N
75. 8.7 s
77. (a) 4.25 m/s2
(b) 1080 N
79. 0.265 m
81. (a) TA  0 N, TB   4.7 N,
TC  0 N
(b) TA  0 N, TB  0 N,
TC   4.7 N

83. (a) 13.7 N
(b) 1.37 m/s2
85. 1.2 s
87. (a) W  1.13  103 N, m  115 kg
(b) W  0 N, m  115 kg
89. 7.3  102 N
91. 0.444
93. 29 400 N
95. 130 N
97. 1.76  1024 kg
99. (a) 3.56 m/s2
(b) 281 N
101. 286 N
103. 0.14 m/s2
105. 33 s
107. 16.3 N
109. (a) 0.60 m/s2
(b) 104 N (left string), 230 N (right string)
111. 68°
CHAPTER 5

1. 160 s
3. 6.9 m/s2
5. 0.71
7. 19 m/s2
9. 2.2
11. (a) 1.2  104 N
(b) 1.7  104 N
13. (a) 0.189 N
(b) 4.00
15. 1.5 m
17. 3500 N
19. 0.250
21. 2.0  101 m/s
23. 39°
25. 2.12  106 N
27. 1.33  104 m/s
29. 4.20  104 m/s
31. 1/27
33. 2.45  104 N
35. (a) 912 m
(b) 228 m
(c) 2.50 m/s2
37. 2.9  104 N
39. 17 m/s
41. 8.48 m/s
43. 0.68 m/s
45. 61°
47. 332 m
49. (a) 1.70  103 N
(b) 1.66  103 N
51. 10 600 rev/min
53. (a) 3510 N
(b) 14.9 m/s
55. 23 N at 19.0 m/s and 77 N at 38.0 m/s
CHAPTER 6

1. 2.6  106 J
3. (a) 3.38  103 J
(b) 3.38  103 J
5. 2.2  103 J
7. (a) 54.9 N
(b) 1060 J

(c) 1060 J
(d) 0 J
9. 45 N
11. 2.07  103 N
13. 6.4  105 J
15. (a) 38 J
(b) 3.8  103 N
17. (a) 3.1  103 J
(b) 2.2  102 J
19. 18%
21. 1.4  1011 J
23. 5.4  102 J
25. 2.39  105 J
27. (a) 3.00  104 J
(b) The resistive force is not a conservative force.
29. 5.24  105 J
31. 2.3  104 J
33. (a) 28.3 m/s
(b) 28.3 m/s
(c) 28.3 m/s
35. At h  20.0 m, KE  0 J, PE  392 J,
and E  392 J.
At h  10.0 m, KE  196 J, PE  196 J,
and E  392 J.
At h  0 m, KE  392 J, PE  0 J, and
E  392 J.
37. (a) 52.2 J
(b) 48.8 m/s
39. 3.29 m/s
41. 1.7 m/s
43. 40.8 kg
45. 16.5 m
47. 4.51  104 J
49. 1.21  106 J
51. 2450 N
53. 4.17 m/s
55. 3.6  106 J
57. (a) 3.3  104 W
(b) 5.1  104 W
59. (a) 1.0  104 W
(b) 13 hp
61. 6.7  102 N
63. (a) Bow 1 requires more work.
(b) 25 J
65. (a) 93 J
(b) 0 J
(c) 2.3 m/s
67. (a) 1.50  102 J
(b) 7.07 m/s
69. 4.13 m
71. 42.8°
73. (a) 1.80  103 J
(b) 1.20  103 J
75. (a) 2.8 J
(b) 35 N
77. 6.33 m
79. 13.5 m
CHAPTER 7

1. 9.6 ms
3. (a) 1.7 kg m/s
(b) 570 N

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ANSWERS TO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS | A-13
5. 8.7 kg m/s
7. 69 N
9. 960 N
11. 4.28 N s, upward
13. 3.7 N s
15. 1.5  104 m/s
17. (a) 1.5 m/s
(b) 1.1 m/s
19. (a) 77.9 m/s
(b) 45.0 m/s
21. 1.5  1010 m/s
23. 0.097 m
25. 3.0 m/s
27. 3.00 m
29. (a) 4.89 m/s
(b) 1.22 m
31. 9.3 m/s
33. (a) 8.9 m/s
(b) 3.6  104 N s
(c) 5.9 m
35. (a) 73.0°
(b) 4.28 m/s
37. 2.175  103
39. (a) 5.56 m/s
(b) 2.83 m/s (1.50-kg ball), 
2.73 m/s (4.60-kg ball)
(c) 0.409 m (1.50-kg ball),
0.380 m (4.60-kg ball)
41. 4.67  106 m
43. 6.46  1011 m
45. 96 kg
47. (a) 0.400 m/s (5.00-kg ball), 
1.60 m/s (7.50-kg ball)
(b) 0.800 m/s
49. 84 kg
51. 4500 m/s, in the same direction as the
rocket before the explosion
53. m1  1.00 kg, m2  1.00 kg
55. 0.34 s
57. 547 m/s

CHAPTER 8

1. 63.7 grad
3. 21 rad
5. 492 rad/s
7. 6.4  103 rad/s2
9. 825 m
11. 6.05 m
13. 336 m/s
15. 25 rev
17. (a) 4.00  101 rad
(b) 15.0 rad/s
19. (a) 1.2  104 rad
(b) 1.1  102 s
21. 28 rad/s
23. 1.95  104 rad
25. 12.5 s
27. 7.37 s
29. 0.18 m
31. 0.62 m
33. (a) 4.66  102 m/s
(b) 70.6°

35. 0.300 m/s
37. 14.8 rad/s
39. (a) 9.00 m/s2
(b) radially inward
41. 380 m/s2
43. 1/√3
45. 1.00 rad
47. 8.71 rad/s2
49. 693 rad
51. 4.9  107 rev
53. 11.8 rad
55. 2 revolutions
57. (a) 2.5 m/s2
(b) 3.1 m/s2
59. 157.3 rad/s
61. 22 rev/s
63. (a) 1.25 m/s
(b) 7.98 rev/s
65. 3.37 s
67. 20.6 rad
CHAPTER 9

1. 2.1  102 N
3. 843 N
5. 1.3
7. 0.667 m
9. (a)  FL
(b)  FL
(c)  FL
11. 196 N (force on each hand),
96 N (force on each foot)
13. (a) 2590 N
(b) 2010 N
15. 1200 N, to the left
17. (a) 27 N, to the left
(b) 27 N, to the right
(c) 27 N, to the right
(d) 143 N, downward and to the left,
pointing 79° below the horizontal
19. (a) 1.60  105 N
(b) 4.20  105 N
21. (a) 7.40  102 N
(b) 0.851 m
23. (a) 1.21  103 N
(b) 1.01  103 N, downward
25. 69 N
27. 1.7 m
29. 8.2 rad/s2
31. (a) 11 N m
(b) 9.2 rad/s2
33. (a) 0.131 kg m2
(b) 3.6  104 kg m2
(c) 0.149 kg m2
35. (a) 5.94 rad/s2
(b) 44.0 N
37. (a) 2.67 kg m2
(b) 1.16 m
39. 0.78 N
41. I  3MR2/2
43. 6.1  105 rev/min
45. (a) v T1  12.0 m/s, v T2  9.00 m/s,
v T3  18.0 m/s
(b) 1.08  103 J

(c) 60.0 kg m2
(d) 1.08  103 J
47. 2/7
49. 3/4
51. 2.0 m
53. 4.4 kg m2
55. 0.26 rad/s
57. 34 m/s
59. 0.17 m
61. 4.2 N m
63. (a) 0.14 rad/s
(b) A net external torque must be applied
in a direction opposite to the angular
deceleration.
65. 0.060 kg m2
67. 37.6°
69. 8% increase
71. 51.4 N
CHAPTER 10

1. 237 N
3. 1.4 kg
5. 0.012 m
7. 0.240 m
9. 0.79
11. 2.29  103 m
13. (a) 1.00  103 N/m
(b) 0.340
15. (a) 140 m/s
(b) 1.7  1015 m/s2
17. (a) 0.080 m
(b) 1.6 rad/s
(c) 2.0 N/m
(d) 0 m/s
(e) 0.20 m/s2
19. 696 N/m
21. (a) 2.66 Hz
(b) 0.0350 m
23. (a) 0.25 s
(b) 0.75 s
25. (a) 58.8 N/m
(b) 11.4 rad/s
27.
h
PE
PE
(meters) KE (gravity) (elastic)
0
0.200
0.400

0J
1.00 J
0J

0J
3.92 J
7.84 J

29. 14 m/s
31. 7.18  102 m
33. (a) 9.0  102 m
(b) 2.1 m/s
35. 24.2 rad/s
37. 2.37  103 N/m
39. 0.99 m
41. 21 m
43. 0.816
45. 7R/5
47. 7.7  105 m
49. 1.4  106
51. (a) 4.9  106 N/m2
(b) 6.0  106 m
53. 1.6  105 N

E

8.76 J 8.76 J
3.84 J 8.76 J
0.92 J 8.76 J

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A-14 | ANSWERS TO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS
55. 2.7  104 m
57. (a) 1.8  107 m
(b) 1.0  106 m
59. 1.2  1011 N/m2
61. 1.0  103 m
63. 4.6  104
65. 4.0  105 m
67. 3.5  104 N/m
69. 6.0 m/s2
71. 3.7  105 m
73. 260 m
75. 4.3 kg
77. 1.25 m/s (11.2-kg block), 0.645 m/s
(21.7-kg block)
79. 33.4 m/s
81. 4.4  105
83. 0.806
CHAPTER 11

1. 6.6  106 kg
3. 3.91  106 m3
5. 317 m2
7. 1.9 gal
9. 63%
11. 1.1  103 N
13. 4.76  104 m2
15. 2.4  103 Pa
17. 0.750 m
19. (a) 1.26  105 Pa
(b) 19.4 m
21. (a) 3.5  106 N
(b) 1.2  106 N
23. 1.2  105 Pa
25. 10.3 m
27. 31.3 rad/s
29. 0.74 m
31. 3.8  105 N
33. (a) 93.0 N
(b) 94.9 N
35. 5.7  102 m
37. 8.50  105 N m
39. 59 N
41. 2.7  104 m3
43. 2.04  103 m3
45. 0.20 m
47. 7.6  102 m
49. 5.28  102 m and 6.20  102 m
51. 4.5  105 kg/s
53. (a) 0.18 m
(b) 0.14 m
55. (a) 1.6  104 m3/s
(b) 2.0  101 m/s
57. (a) 150 Pa
(b) The pressure inside the roof is greater
than that outside the roof, so there is a
net outward force.
59. 1.92  105 N
61. (a) 17.1 m/s
(b) 2.22  102 m3/s
63. (a) 14 m/s
(b) 0.98 m3/s
65. 33 m/s
67. 9600 N

69. 7.78 m/s
71. (a) 1.01  105 Pa
(b) 1.19  105 Pa
73. 1.7 m
75. (a) 2.8  105 N
(b) 1.0  101 m/s
77. 7.0  105 Pa
79. 4.89 m
81. 8750 N (The bed should not
be purchased.)
83. 1.91 m/s
85. (a) 2.45  105 Pa
(b) 1.73  105 Pa
87. 0.816
89. 6.3  103 kg
91. 1.19  105 Pa
93. (a) 32.8 m/s
(b) 54.9 m
95. 1.41  105 N, downward
CHAPTER 12

1. 459.67 °F
3. (a) 102 °C (day), 173 °C (night)
(b) 215 °F (day), 2.80  102 °F (night)
5. 0.2 °C
7. 164 °C
9. 4.9  102 m
11. 1500 m
13. 8.0  104
15. 2.82  104 m
17. 49 °C
19. 2.0027 s
21. 41 °C
23. 0.6
25. 3.1  103 m3
27. 2.5  107 m3
29. 230 C°
31. 0.33 gal
33. 9.0 mm
35. 45 atm
37. 6.9
39. $230
41. 36.2 °C
43. 21.03 °C
45. 940 °C
47. 650 W
49. 6.7  102 W
51. 3.9  105 J
53. (a) 4.52  106 J
(b) 5.36  106 J
55. 3.9  103 kg
57. 1.85  105 J
59. 0.223
61. 2.6  103 kg
63. 1.9  104 J/kg
65. 3.50  102 m/s
67. 0 °C
69. 10 °C
71. 2.8  105 J
73. 39%
75. 28%
77. 0.084 m
79. 9.49  103 kg

81. 110 C°
83. one penny
85. 33%
87. (a) 3.0  1020 J
(b) 3.2 years
89. 4.4  103 N
91. 0.016 °C
93. 1.1  103 N
CHAPTER 13

1. 12 J
3. 1.5 C°
5. 2.0  103 m
7. 17
9. (a) 6.58  103 J/(s m2)
(b) 2.40  106 J/(s m2)
11. 15 °C
13. (a) 101.2 °C
(b) 110.6 °C
15. 0.74
17. 14.5 d
19. 2.6  105 m2
21. 532 K
23. 0.70
25. 12
27. 8.0  102 J/s
29. 1.2  104 s
31. 320 K
33. 3.1  105 kg/s
35. (a) 2.0
(b) 0.61
CHAPTER 14

1. 1.07  1022 kg
3. (a) 294.307 u
(b) 4.887  1025 kg
5. aluminum
7. 42.4 mol
9. 2.3  102 mol
11. (a) 201 mol
(b) 1.21  105 Pa
13. 1.0  103 kg
15. 925 K
17. 39
19. (a) 3.3  102 K
(b) 2.8  105 Pa
21. 5.9  104 g
23. 0.93 mol/m3
25. 440 K
27. 308 K
29. (a) 46.3 m2/s2
(b) 40.1 m2/s2
31. 2.098
33. 1.6  1015 kg
35. 1.0  105 homes
37. 4.0  101 Pa
39. 0.14 kg/s
41. 1.34  107 kg
43. (a) 5.00  1013 kg/s
(b) 5.8  103 kg/m3
45. 2.3  106 s
47. 2.5  1021

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ANSWERS TO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS | A-15
49. (a) 2.1 s
(b) 1.6  105 s
51. 3.9  105 J
53. 2.6  1010 m
55. 2820 m
57. 6.19  105 Pa
CHAPTER 15

1. (a) 87 J
(b) 87 J
3. (a) 1.6  104 J
(b) 4.2  104 J
(c) 2.6  104 J
5. 32 miles
7. 0 J, adiabatic
9. 1.2  107 Pa
11. (a) 3.0  103 J
(b) by the system, positive
13. 3.0  105 Pa
15. The answer is a proof.
17. 4.99  106
19. (a) 2.1  102 K
(b) decrease
21. 0.66
23. 1.81
25. (a) 8.00  104 J
(b) Heat flows out of the gas.
27. 8.49  105 Pa
29. (a) 327 K
(b) 0.132 m3
31. (a) 1.1  104 J
(b) 1.8  104 J
33. 5/2
35. 2400 J
37. 44.3 s
39. 2.38  104 J
41. 0.631
43. (a) 8600 J
(b) 3100 J
45. (a) 5/9
(b) 1/3
47. 256 K
49. (a) 1260 K
(b) 1.74  104 J
51. lowering the temperature of the
cold reservoir
53. (a) 0.360
(b) 1.3  1013 J
55. 5.7 C°
57. 13
59. 5.86  105 J
61. (a) 1050 J
(b) 2.99
63. 1.4 K
65. (a) 2.0  101
(b) 1.5  104 J
67. 1.26  103 K
69. 267 K
71. (a) reversible
(b) 125 J/K
73. (a) 8.0  102 J/K

(b) The entropy of the universe
should increase.
75. (a) 0 J
(b) 6.1  103 J
(c) 310 K
77. 0.24 m
79. (a) 3.68  103 J/K
(b) 1.82  104 J/K
(c) The vaporization process creates
more disorder.
81. 9.03
83. (a) 3100 J
(b) negative
85. (a) 60.0%
(b) 40.0%
87. 19.3
89. 7.5 s
91. e  e1  e2  e1e2

69. 2.39 dB
71. 3.4 m/s
73. 56 m/s
75. 1350 Hz
77. 22 m/s
79. (a) 1570 Hz
(b) 1590 Hz
81. 0.316 W/m2
83. 2.06
85. 64 N
87. 1.3
89. 78 cm
91. 860 Hz
93. 6.0 dB
95. 2.6
97. m1  28.7 kg, m2  14.3 kg
99. (a) 2.20  102 m/s
(b) 9.19 m/s
101. 239 m/s

CHAPTER 16

1. 5.50  1014 Hz
3. 0.49 m
5. 0.25 m
7. 8.19  102 m
9. 5.0  101 s
11. (a) 1.1 m/s
(b) 6.55 m
13. 8.68  103 kg/m
15. 0.17 s
17. 7.7 m/s2
19. 153 N
21. 3.26  103 s
23. y  (0.35 m) sin [(88 rad/s)t  (17 m1)x]
25. y  (0.37 m) sin (2.6 t  0.22x)
27. 2.5 N
29. 1730 m/s
31. (a) 7.87  103 s
(b) 4.12
33. (a) 431 m/s
(b) 322 m/s
35. 690 rad/s
37. (a) metal wave first, water wave second,
air wave third
(b) Second sound arrives 0.059 s later,
and third sound arrives 0.339 s later.
39. 650 m
41. tungsten
43. 8.0  102 m/s
45. 57% argon, 43% neon
47. 0.404 m
49. 6.5 W
51. 2.4  105 W/m2
53. 1.98%
55. 7.6  103 W/m2
57. 2.6 s
59. 25
61. 1000
63. (a) 7.4 dB
(b) No
65. 77.0 dB
67. 0.84 s

CHAPTER 17

1. The answer is a series of drawings.
3. (a) 2 cm
(b) 1 cm
5. 5.06 m
7. 3.89 m
9. 3.90 m, 1.55 m, 6.25 m
11. (a) 44°
(b) 0.10 m
13. (a) 5.1°
(b) 63°
15. 3.7°
17. 8 Hz
19. 445 Hz
21. 8 Hz
23. 171 N
25. 1.95  103 s
27. 3.93  103 kg/m
29. (a) 180 m/s
(b) 1.2 m
(c) 150 Hz
31. 0.077 m
33. 12 Hz
35. 0.50 m
37. 0.35 m
39. (a) 3
(b) 0.57 m
41. 6.1 m
43. 1.68  105 Pa
45. 2.4 m/s
47. 107 Hz
49. (a) f2  800 Hz, f3  1200 Hz,
f4  1600 Hz
(b) f2  800 Hz, f3  1200 Hz,
f4  1600 Hz
(c) f3  1200 Hz, f5  2000 Hz,
f7  2800 Hz
51. 1.10  102 Hz
53. (a) destructive interference
(b) constructive interference
55. 20.8° and 53.1°

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A-16 | ANSWERS TO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS
CHAPTER 18

1. 1.5  1013 electrons
3. 1.6 C
5. (a)  1.5q
(b)  4q
(c)  4q
7. 120 N
9. (a) 0.83 N
(b) attractive
11. 0.38 N, 49° below the x axis
13. (a) 4.56  108 C
(b) 3.25  106 kg
15. 3.8  1012
17. (a) 0.166 N (directed along the  y axis)
(b) 111 m/s2 (directed along the  y axis)
19. 92.0 N/m
21. 3.5  105 C
23. (a) 15.4°
(b) 0.813 N
25. The answer is a drawing.
27. 6.5  103 N/C, directed downward
29. (a) 3.0 m
(b) 0 N
31. (a) 6.2  107 N/C (directed along the 
x axis)
(b)  2.9  108 N/C (directed along the 
x axis)
33. (a) positive
(b) 2.53  107 protons
35. 5.53  102 m
37. 2.2  105 N/C, directed along the x
axis
39. q1  0.716q, q2  0.0895q
41. 0.577
43. 3.25  108 C
45. 61°
47. (a) 350 N m2/C
(b) 460 N m2/C
49. 1.8  103 N m2/C
51. The answer is a proof.
53. (a) The flux through the face in the x, z
plane at y  0 m is 6.0  101
N m2/C. The flux through the face parallel to the x, z plane at y  0.20 m is 
6.0  101 N m2/C. The flux through
each of the remaining four faces is
zero.
(b) 0 N m2/C
55. 1.8 N due east
57. q on interior surface and  3q on
exterior surface
59. 1.3 m
61. (a) both positive or both negative
(b) 1.7  1016 C
63. 3.9  106 N/C, direction is in  y direction
65. 35 N/C
67. 3.3  106 C
CHAPTER 19

1. 1.1  1020 J
3. 8.0  102 eV
5. 67 hp
7. 9.4  107 m/s

9. 339 V
11. 2.4
13. 4.35  1018 J
15. 4.7  102 J
17. A distance 13 d to the left of the negative
charge and a distance d to the right of the
negative charge.
19. 0.0342 m
21. 1.53  1014 m
23. 0.746 J
25. (a) q3   23 q
(b) q3  2q
27. 3.5  104 V
29. 1.1 m
31. 9.0  103 V
33. (a) 179 V
(b) 143 V
(c) 155 V
35. 0.213 J
37. (a) 1.3  1012 C
(b) 8.1  106
39. (a) 33 J
(b) 8500 W
41. 5.3
43. 52 V
45. 1.3  104 C
47. The answer is a proof.
49. 4.05  104 V
51. 1.1  103 V
53. 7.0  1013
55. 4.2  103 V/m, directed from A toward B
57. 1.2  108 J
59. 2.77  106 m/s

CHAPTER 20

1. 3.5  104 A
3. 1.3  106 J
5. 22 A
7. 6.2  104 J
9. (a) 4.7  1013
(b) 17 C°
11. 9.9  103 m
13. 1.64
15. 37.8 °C
17. 360 °C
19. Ltungsten/Lcarbon  70
21. 6.0  102 W
23. (a) 1300 W
(b) 480 W
(c) 1.4
25. 8.9 h
27. 250 °C
29. 33 °C
31. 1.77 A
33. 21 V
35. S110
37. 2.0 h
39. 32 
41. (a) 10.0 V
(b) 5.00 V
43. (a) 145 
(b) 74 V

45. (a) 1.2 
(b) 110 V
47. (a) 35 
(b) 5.0  101 
49. 5.3 
51. 190 
53. (a) 4.57 A
(b) 1450 W
55. (a) 3.6 
(b) 33 A, the breaker will open
57. 3.58  108 m2
59. 9.2 A
61. 4.6 
63. 25 
65. (a) 0.750 A
(b) 2.11 A
67. 30
69. 0.054 
71. 24.0 V
73. 33 A
75. (a) 0.38 A
(b) 2.0  101 V
(c) B
77. 0.75 V; left end
79. 0.94 V; D
81. 0.0835 
83. 5.01 A
85. (a) 30.0 V
(b) 28.1 V
87. 2.0 F
89. 1.54
91. The answer is a proof.
93. 11 V
95. 4.1  107 F
97. 1.2  102 s
99. 0.29 s
101. 1.7 F
103. 82 
105. 34.6 °C
107. 0.450 
109. 6.00 , 0.545 , 3.67 , 2.75 ,
2.20 , 1.50 , 1.33 , 0.833 
111. (a) 15.5 V
(b) 14.2 W
113. 189 
115. C0

CHAPTER 21

1. 4.1  103 m/s
3. 3.7  1012 N
5. (a) 5.7  105 N
(b) 1.1  104 N
(c) 5.7  105 N
7. 19.7°
9. (a) due south
(b) 2.55  1014 m/s2
11. (a) negative
(b) 2.7  103 kg
13. (a) 7.2  106 m/s
(b) 3.5  1013 N
15. 0.0904 m
17. 1.63  102 m

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ANSWERS TO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS | A-17
19. 140 V/m directed toward the bottom
of the page
21. 0.16 T
23. 8.7  103 s
25. 9.6  104 m/s
27. 57.6°
29. 0.96 N (top and bottom sides), 0 N
(left and right sides)
31. 2.7 m
33. (a) left to right
(b) 1.1  102 m
35. 14 A
37. 2.2 A
39. 0.023 N m
41. (a) 170 N m
(b) increase
43. 8.3 N
45. 9.3  1024 A m2
47. 0.12 m
49. 8.0  105 T
51. 3.8  105 T
53. 190 A
55. 8.6 A. The current in the outer coil has an
opposite direction relative to that in the
inner coil.
57. 1.04  102 T
59. I3 is directed out of the paper and I3/I  2.
61. The answer is a proof.
63. The answer is a proof.
65. 1.9  104 N m
67. 0.062 m
69. 75.1° and 105°
71. 1.5  108 s
73. (a)
 0°
(b) 0.29 m
75. 1.3  1010 N, directed out of the page
77. 1.2  105 A m2

CHAPTER 22

1. 0.065 V
3. 150 m/s
5. (Rod A) emf  0 V; (Rod B) emf  1.6 V
and end 2 is positive; (Rod C) emf  0V
7. 250 m
9. (a) 0.23 kg
(b) 1.8 J
(c) 1.8 J
11. (a) 7.3  104 Wb
(b) 0 Wb
(c) 4.7  103 Wb
13. 70.5°
15. (Two triangular ends) 0 Wb; (Bottom surface) 0 Wb; (1.2 m  0.30 m surface)
0.090 Wb; (1.2 m  0.50 m surface)
0.090 Wb
17. 1.5 m2/s
19. 8.6  105 T
21. (a) 0.38 V
(b) 0.43 m2/s
23. 0.14 V
25. 0.459 T
27. 1.6  105 A

29. (a) left to right
(b) right to left
31. (a) clockwise
(b) clockwise
33. There is no induced current.
35. 0.150 m
37. 0.30 T
39. 3.0  105
41. 102 V
43. (a) 9.59 
(b) 95 V
(c) 8.9 A
45. 1.5  109 J
47. 1.4 V
49. 1.6 A
51. 2.80  104 H
53. M  0N1N2R22/(2R1)
55. 1.0  101 W
57. step-down transformer, 112
59. (a) 7.0  105 W
(b) 7.0  101 W
61. The answer is a proof.
63. (a) 2.4 Hz
(b) 15 rad/s
(c) 0.62 T
65. (Figure 22.1b) right to left; (Figure 22.1c)
left to right
67. 12 V
69. 0.050 V
71. (a) 3.6  103 V
(b) 2.0  103 m2/s, area must be shrunk
73. 2100 rad/s
CHAPTER 23

1. 1.9 V
3. 2.7  106 F
5. (a) 2.00 F
(b) 0.77 A
7. 3/2
9. 8.0  101 Hz
11. 0.44 A
13. (a) 1.11  104 Hz
(b) 6.83  109 F
(c) 6.30  103 
(d) 7.00  102 
15. 83.9 V
17. 38 V
19. (a) 0.925 A
(b 31.8°
21. 270 Hz
23. (a) 29.0 V
(b) 0.263 A
25. 0.651 W
27. 3.1 kHz
29. (a) 352 Hz
(b) 15.5 A
31. 2.8 kHz
33. 8
35. 0.707
37. 5.00  102 s
39. (a) 10.7 V
(b) 29.8°
41. 176 mH

43. (a) 2.94  103 H
(b) 4.84 
(c) 0.163
45. (a) 4/√3
(b) 1/√3
CHAPTER 24

1. (a) 1.28 s
(b) 1.9  102 s
3. 4.1  1016 m
5. The answers are in graphical form.
7. 11.118 m
9. 1.25 m
11. 3.7  104
13. 1.5  1010 Hz
15. 1.3  106 m
17. 540 rev/s
19. 8.75  105
21. 3.8  102 W/m2
23. 0.07 N/C
25. 5.6  109 J
27. 6.25  109 J
29. 4.44  1010
31. (a) receding
(b) 3.1  106 m/s
33. (a) 6.175  1014 Hz
(b) 6.159  1014 Hz
35. (a) 0.82
(b) 0.18
37. 14 W/m2
39. 20
41. 1.4  1017 Hz
43. 1.5  104 H
45. (a) 183 N/C
(b) 6.10  107 T
47. 71.6°
49. (a) 2.4  109 Hz
(b) 0.063 m
51. 920 W
53. 5600 W
CHAPTER 25

1. 10°
3. Image 1: x  2.0 m, y   1.0 m
Image 2: x   2.0 m, y  1.0 m
Image 3: x   2.0 m, y   1.0 m
5. 55°
7. The walls are A (opposite the target),
B (opposite point P), and C (where the
target is). Angle
measures the direction
of firing counterclockwise relative to the
line through P and the bottom of wall C.
The target is labeled T.

1  11.3° (light travels PCAT)

2  31.0° (light travels PCABT)

3  45.0° (light travels PT)

4  71.6° (light travels PBT)

5  135° (light travels PABT)

6  162° (light travels PAT)
9. 33.7°
11. (a) Image is 3.0  101 cm behind mirror.
(b) Image is upright and has a height of
5.0 cm.

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A-18 | ANSWERS TO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS
13. (a) Image is 16.7 cm behind mirror.
(b) Image is upright and has a height of
6.67 cm.
15. 10.9 cm
17. (a) do   62 cm
(b) m   0.35
(c) upright
(d) smaller
19. (a) 290 cm
(b) 8.9 cm
(c) upside down
21. (a) R
(b) 1
(c) inverted
23. (a) convex
(b) 24.0 cm
25. 3
27. 80.0 cm toward the mirror
29. (a) The answer is a proof.
(b) The answer is a proof.
31. 22 cm
33. (a) 46 cm
(b) 2.4
35. 74 cm
37. 0.533 cm
39. 42.0 cm
41. 1.73

CHAPTER 26

1. 2.00  108 m/s
3. 2.0  1011 s
5. 1.198
7. 1.82
9. (a) 43°
(b) 31°
11. 12.1 m
13. 2.46  108 m/s
15. 1.65
17. The answer is a derivation.
19. 1.19 mm
21. 3.23 cm
23. 1.54
25. 1.51
27. (a) 1.50
(b) 1.27
29. 0.813
31. 1.52
33. 67.5°
35. 25.0°
37. The answer is a proof.
39. 30.39°
41. 0.35°
43. (Red ray) 52.7°; (Violet ray) 56.2°
45. 61.1 mm
47. 2.8
49. (a) 15 cm
(b) virtual
51. (a) 0.00625 m
(b) 0.0271 m

53. (a) 4.52  104 m
(b) 6.12  102 m
55. 48 cm
57.  35 cm and  90.5 cm
59. 0.13 m to the right of the second
lens
61. 11.8 cm
63. (a) 4.00 cm to the left of the diverging
lens
(b) 0.167
(c) virtual
(d) inverted
(e) smaller
65. (a) 18.1 cm
(b) real
(c) inverted
67. (a) 35.2 cm
(b) 32.9 cm
69. (Right eye) 0.20 diopters; (Left eye) 
0.15 diopters
71. (a) converging
(b) farsighted
(c) 96.3 cm
73. 26.9 cm
75. (a) 22.4 cm
(b) 28.4 cm
77. 3.7
79. 13.7 cm
81. 6.3 cm
83. 0.81 cm
85. 0.64 rad
87. (a) 30.0
(b) 4.27 cm
(c) 4.57
89. 1.1 m
91. 0.261 cm
93. (a) 1.3-diopter lens
(b) 0.86 m
(c) 8.5
95. (a) 194
(b) 7.8  105 m
(c) 1.94  106 m
97. di 18 cm
99. (a) B
(b) A
101. 220 cm
103. (a) di  75 cm, m   2.5
(b) di  75.0 cm, m   2.50
105. 1.92  108 m/s
107. 9.2 m
109. (a) 6.74  107 m2
(b) 7.86  105 W/m2
111. (a) converging lens
(b) 2f
(c) 2f
113. (a) 11.8 cm
(b) 47.8 cm
115. 181
117. (a) 4.5 m
(b) 0.50 m

CHAPTER 27

1. 660 nm
3. (a) destructive interference
(b) 0.75 m and 3.25 m relative to one of
the sources
5. 6.0  105 m
7. 0.0248 m
9. 487 nm
11. 1.30  102 nm and 3.90  102 nm
13. 6.12  107 m
15. 115 nm
17. 427 nm
19. (a) 0.21°
(b) 22°
21. 0.576 m
23. 490 nm
25. 0.447
27. 0.013
29. (a) 3.53 m
(b) 2.15 m
31. 0.0254 m
33. 2.3 m
35. 3.2  103 m
37. 4.0  106 m
39. 630 nm
41. (a) 37°
(b) 22°
43. (a) 7.9° (violet), 13° (red)
(b) 16° (violet), 26° (red)
(c) 24° (violet), 41° (red)
(d) The second and third orders overlap.
45. (a) 2
(b) mB  4 and mA  2;
mB  6 and mA  3
47. constructive interference
49. (a) 24°
(b) 39°
51. 1.0  104 m
53. 5.1 s
55. 3/4
57. 1.95 m
CHAPTER 28

1. 72 h
3. 2.4  108 m/s
5. 2.28 s
7. 16
9. 1.3
11. 530 m
13. 4.0 light-years
15. (a) 4.3 yr
(b) the twin traveling at 0.500c
17. (a) 5.1  1015 kg m/s
(b) 9.7  1015 kg m/s
19. 1.0 m
21. 0.406c
23. (a) 1.0
(b) 6.6
25. (a) 6.7  105 J
(b) 7.4  1012 kg

46179_Answers_pA9-A19.qxd

1/27/06

1:06 PM

Page A-19

ANSWERS TO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS | A-19
27. 5.0  1013 J
29. 1.40  1015 m
31.  0.31c
33. 42 m
35. (a) 2.82  108 m/s
(b) 1.8  1016 kg  m/s
37. 2.60  108 m/s
39. 2.83  108 m/s
41. 2.0 m/s
43. 3.0 m  1.3 m
CHAPTER 29

1. 6.3 eV
3. 7.7  1029 photons/s
5. 310 nm
7. 1.26 eV
9. 73 photons/s
11. (a) 7760 N/C
(b) 2.59  105 T
13. (a) 1.0  1013 Hz
(b) infrared
15. 75°
17. 4.755  1024 kg  m/s
19. 9.50  1017 m
21. 1.41  103 m/s
23. (a) 4.50  1036 m/s
(b) 7.05  1027 years
25. 3.6  109 m
27. 1.2  1036 m
29. 1.86  104 V
31. (a) 2.1  1035 kg  m/s
(b) 4.7  1034 m/s
(c) 2.3  105 m/s
33. 4.0  106 m/s
35. 0.0144°     0.0144°
37. 6.6  1027 kg
39. 7.77  1013 J
41. 7.38  1011 m
43. 6.01  1011 m
45. (a) 1.0  108 N
(b) 5.0  109 N
CHAPTER 30

1. (a) 6.2  1031 m3
(b) 4  1045 m3
(c) 7  1013%
3. 1.5  1014
5. 8.7  106 eV
7. 5
9. 2.38  1010 m
11. 1.98  1019 J
13. 13.6 eV, 3.40 eV, 1.51 eV
15. ni  6 and nf  2
17. The answer is a proof.
19. 2180 lines/cm
21. 0.378 eV
23. 2, 3, 4, and 5
25. 0.544 eV, 0.378 eV, 0.278 eV
27. 26.6°

29. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p3
31. n 

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

m
3
3
2
2
1
1
0
0 
1 
1 
2 
2 
3 
3

ms
1/2 
1/2
1/2 
1/2
1/2 
1/2
1/2 
1/2
1/2 
1/2
1/2 
1/2
1/2 
1/2

33. 7.230  1011 m
35. 6.83  1011 m
37. 21 600 V
39. 1.9  1017
41. (a) 1.25  104 J
(b) 3.98  1014
43. 21 days
45. (a) 7458 nm
(b) 2279 nm
(c) infrared region
47. (a) not permitted
(b) permitted
(c) not permitted
(d) permitted
(e) not permitted
49. 3
51. ± 3.16  1034 J  s, ± 2.11  1034 J  s,
± 1.05  1034 J  s, 0 J  s
53. 6  ni  19

CHAPTER 31

1. 8
3. (a) X  platinum, Pt (117 neutrons)
(b) X  sulfur, S (16 neutrons)
(c) X  copper, Cu (34 neutrons)
(d) X  boron, B (6 neutrons)
(e) X  plutonium, Pu (145 neutrons)
5. 35.2
7. tin, 120
50 Sn
9. 9.4  103 m
11. 2.9  1016 kg
13. (a) 1.741 670 u
(b) 1622 MeV
(c) 7.87 MeV/nucleon
15. 1.003 27 u
35
0
17. 35
16S : 17Cl  1e
18
18
19. (a) 9 F : 8O  10e
(b) 158O : 157N  10 e
208
4
21. (a) 212
84Po : 82Pb  2He
228
4
(b) 232
U
:
Th 

92
90
2He

23. 1.38 MeV
25. 1.61  107 m/s
27. 1.82 MeV
29. 3.66 days
31. 19.9
33. 2.1  1013 Bq
35. 8.00 days
37. 3.7  1010 disintegrations/s
39. 7.23 days
41. 0.70%
43. 90.9%
45. 6900 yr, maximum error is 900 yr
47. 7.90 MeV/nucleon
49. 146 disintegrations/min
51. (a) 
(b) 
(c)
(d)

53. 4 782 969 electrons
55. polonium, 212
84Po

CHAPTER 32

1. 2.8  103 J
3. 1.6  103 J
5. 2.4  104 rem
7. 4.4  1011 s1
9. 9.2  108
11.  178 O : 126 C  42 He  10 n
13. (a) proton, 11 H
(b) alpha particle, 42 He
(c) lithium, 63 Li
(d) nitrogen, 147 N
(e) manganese, 56
25 Mn
15. 13.6 MeV
17. 2 neutrons
19. 9.0  104
21. 41
23. 2.7  106 kg
25. 1.8  104 kg/s
27. 1200 kg
29. 3.3 MeV
31. 1.1  104 kg
33. released energy  24.7 MeV
35. 815 MeV
37. (a) The K particle does not contain u, c,
or t quarks.
(b) The K particle does not contain d , s,
or b antiquarks.
39. (a) 1.9  1020 kg  m/s
(b) 3.5  1014 m
41. possibility #1  u, d, s
possibility #2  u, d, b
possibility #3  u, s, b
43. 20
10 Ne
45. 1.0 gal
47. (a) 8.2  1010 J
(b) 0.48 g
49. 32 eV

46179_Answers_pA9-A19.qxd

1/26/06

4:13 PM

Page A-20

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