CAPT LOO’s Q&A 1) How is fog formed?

Fog is caused by the collection of air at or near the surface cooled to a temperature (dewpoint) at which it becomes saturated by the water vapour present until water vapour starts condensing to form water droplets. List all 5 types of fog and describe (Advection and Sea Fog) 2) What is atmospheric pressure and how does it affect the watchkeeper. 3) What is a pelorus? 4) Define Great Circle. 5) How do you transfer a position to a different chart of different datum. 6) You are about to alter course by 45 degrees starboard/port at a waypoint. How will you do that? 7) What is short round turn? 8) Draw the portside loadline mark. Centre of the disk? 9) Draw the profile view of a ship with its hold, hatch, tweendeck and double bottom tanks. 10) List all the signals to attract attention. 11) White green white. What vessel & action. 12) Two red one white. What vessel & action. 13) How to join 2 ropes of equal /unequal thickness. 14) 1 round turn and two half hitch. 15) Errors of the RADAR a) Multiple Echo, Side Echo, Spoking, Indirect Echo, Radar to Radar Interference 16) Various classification society/ MPA approved classification society
International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) – 13 members

MPA approved classification Societies:- ABS( American Bureau of shipping),BV (Bureau Veritas), CCS(China Classification Society), DNV (Det Norske Veritas), GL (Germanischer Lloyd), LRS (Lloyd’s Register of Shipping), KRS (Korean Register of Shipping), NKK (Nippon Kaiji Kyokai), RINA (Registro Italiano Navale), IRS (Inidian Register of Shipping) 17) Role of classification society Non-governmental organization, groups of professionals & ship surveyors, set up for the protection of life, property & the environment. a. Set up the minimum standard for :- Structural strength & integrity of the essential parts of ship’s hull b. Reliability & functionality of the propulsion and steering systems c. Power generation and other features built into the ship 18) What is hygrometer. Its uses. An instrument used to measure the relative humidity of the air. Psychrometer consist of 2 thermometers (1 wet bulb & 1 dry bulb) kept in the Stevenson’s Screen which allows the passage of air current. Uses:  Predict condensation of moisture in the atmosphere by absolute humidity and dewpoint

Relevant to vsl whose cargo are at risk of cargo sweat (cool to warm climate) High level of moisture in the air may indicate the approaching of tropical storm or depression 19) Dewpoint temperature. Its uses. How to obtain Temperature a sample of air must be cooled for it to be saturated OR temperature to which air can be cooled without condensation taking place when relative humidity is 100% Uses: Predict fog, cargo/ship sweat How to obtain dewpoint temperature & predict fog? i) Difference between wet & dry bulb= wet bulb depression ii) Use mariner’s handbook, table of depression of wet bulb iii) Get the dewpoint temperature iv) With the dewpoint temperature, plot against the sea surface temperature, you will be able to predict the time for fog occurrence at the interception

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20) What is katabatic wind? Wind produced by a downward current which is esp. prevalent in high coastal areas. The wind runs down the hillside, velocity increasing with gravity and can be expected to meet the sea often with great violence. 21) Errors of sextant- How to check and correct A sextant is a precision instrument used at sea for measuring altitudes of celestial bodies and horizontal and vertical angles between terrestrial objects. Error of perpendicularity is caused by the index mirror not being perpendicular to the plane of the instrument. To check- place the index arm at about 60° on the arc and hold the sextant horizontally with the arc away from you at arm’s length and look into the index mirror. The arc of the sextant should appear to continue unbroken into the mirror. If there is an error then the two views will appear to be broken To correct- Adjust the first adj. screw at the rear of the index mirror until the true & reflect arcs are aligned. Side error is caused by the horizontal mirror not being perpendicular to the plane of the instrument. To check- Set index arm at zero and hold the sextant just off the horizontal position. Look through the telescope at the true and reflected horizons, if they are misaligned side error exist OR hold the sextant in the vertical position with the index arm set at zero, an

Provides an end seal to the double bottom tanks. then side error must be considered to exist.observe a star through the telescope. if they are seen as one continuous line then no index error exists OR observe a star when sextant is set at zero and if the reflected image of the star is above or below the true image. one being tightened. Ventilation required. Margin plate. Index error is caused by the index mirror and the horizon mirror not being parallel to each other when the index arm is set to zero. Bring the two stars into coincidence either to the left or the right of the field of view. Other Non-adjustable error.A shell plate of double curvature found under the transom floor. If they separate there is collimation error. Ventilate when the dewpoint of the air within the hold is higher than the dewpoint of the atmosphere. The screws are moved together. screw furthest from the plane of the instrument at the back of the horizon mirror to bring the true and reflected horizons into line.condensation on the ship’s structure when ship sail from a warm to cooler place. together with a through passageway for cables and pipelines running in the fore and aft direction. then the first and last graduations on the drum should always be aligned with graduation marks on the arc. If the micrometer drum is known to be correct. DO NOT VENTILATE. to align the stars on the top intersection which will bring the telescope back to parallel with the sextant frame.A triangular steel plate used to strengthen the connection between the towing bridle and the towing hawser. Stealer plate.Centering error. index error exists. To correct. .This error can be corrected by adjustment of the two screws in the collar or telescope mounting.A fore & aft plate sited at the turn of the bilge. To correct. If the true and reflected stars are side by side.A plate found at the extremities of the vessel in the shell plating. Gusset plate. Graduation error may be encountered on the arc itself or on the vernier or micrometer scales. To correct. To check. dish(coffin)-shaped to fit the stern frame Duct keel.A plated box allowing passage right forward. 22) Graduation Error– Non-adjustable error. the other slackened. being extended from the foreside of the sternpost in the direction of the bow.Adjust centre 2nd adj. 24) Ship sweat. To check.A triangular steel plate often used for joining angle bar to a plate OR a steel plate used for reinforcing or bracing the junction of other steel members Oxter plate. Due to warmer air in the holds coming into contact with the cooler ship structure leading to the air within the hold to be cooled beneath its dewpoint by the hold’s steelwork.Adjust the 3rd adjustment screw nearest to the plane of the instrument.Set index arm at zero.A shell plate parallel to the stern tube at the level of the propeller boss Coffin plate. Prismatic error. Only older sextant with adjustable telescope collar. Collimation error is caused the axis of the telescope not being parallel to the plane of the instrument. hold the sextant vertically & observe the line of the true and reflected horizons. Provides additional buoyancy.To check for this you need to observe two stars about 90° apart. Shade error. Move the sextant slightly so that the stars move to the other side of the field of view. Boss plate. 23) Fish plate.The aftermost plate of the keel. If dewpoint of the air within the hold is lower than that of the atmosphere.

the Red Sea area. rags. glass & metal 3.Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances Carried by Sea in Packaged Form Harmful Substances carried in Packaged Form Annex IV . No ventilation required. underside of Azimuth Gear Tangent Latitude Error: Proceed N Error E Proceed S error is W.Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships Annex V . 3nm if comminuted If garbage is being mixed. dunnage. lining & packing materials which will float 3. 25nm for dunnage. Occurs when warmer incoming air comes into contact with the cooler cargo’s surface. standby to render assistance. the ‘‘Gulfs area’’.1. according to the operating latitude 29) What is SOPEP? What info can one get from SOPEP? . 25) MARPOL ANNEX I-VI Marpol 73/78 is an international marine environmental conventions. the more stringent requirements shall apply. 28) List all the gyro errors. lining. metal etc. including dumping. packing materials. Reg 5 Special Areas are the Mediterranean Sea area. Yellow smoke flare– submarine surfacing or coming to periscope depth. rags. the North Sea area. 12nm for food waste and all other garbage including paper. No plastic 2. Error is W Proceed S Error is E corrected by placing a cosin cam. It was designed to minimize pollution of the seas. the Black Sea area. glass.Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships Annex VI .Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships 26) How to discharge garbage as per MARPOL Reg 3 Outside of Special Area. Keep clear. 27) Submarine in distress Crew will radio a distress call or launch a buoy that will transmit a distress call and submarine’s location. oil and exhaust pollution. No paper products. including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.submarine carrying out emergency surfacing procedures. Speed Error: Proceed N. Food waste not less than 12nm from nearest land. the Antarctic area and the Wider Caribbean Region. Red smoke flare 60-90m in the air burn for 5s. the Baltic Sea area.Cargo sweat. Every ship of 400 GT & above and every ship which is certified to carry 15 persons or more shall carry a garbage management plan. by placing a small movable weight attached to the casing Ballistic Deflection Error: when there is a marked change in the N-S component of the speed corrected by slightly off setting the ballastics. No plastic 2.1. Its objective is to preserve the marine environment through the complete elimination of pollution by oil and other harmful substances and the minimization of accidental discharge of such substances       Annex I .Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Noxious Liquid Substances carried in Bulk Annex III . do not stop propeller.condensation on the cargo when ship sail from a cool to warmer place.Regulations for the Prevention of Oil Annex II . In Special Area.

(compulsory for ships of more than 400 gross tonnage) advise the Master how to react in case of an oil spill to prevent or at least mitigate negative effects on the environment. Contains operational aspects for various oil spill scenarios and lists communication information to be used in case of such incidents.Ship Oil Pollution Emergency Plan. .

and 3.the ship is proceeding en route 2. and where the oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 ppm may be discharged outside special areas without any additional restrictions.the ship is proceeding en route.the oil content of the effluent is less than 15 ppm*. and 4.the ship has in operation an oil discharge monitoring & control system.the ship has in operation oil filtering equipment with automatic 15 ppm stopping device. and 3. except when 1. 31) Which ship need to carry oil record book (ORB)? Every oil tanker of 150 tons gross tonnage and above and every ship of 400 tons gross tonnage and above other than an oil tanker shall be provided with an Oil Record Book. food waste & incinerator ash 33) Actions to take in case of oil spill a) Notify everyone onboard by raising central emergency alarm . except when 1.bilge water is not mixed with oil cargo residue or cargo pump room bilges (on oil tankers) Note:Oily mixtures which are not mixed with oil cargo residue or cargo pump room bilges. 32) How many types of garbage? Discharge requirements answered in Q25 6 types – Plastics. oily-water separating or filtering equipment or other installation required by Regulation 16. paper product. metal.30) Regulation for non-tankers TABLE II OIL TANKERS OF ALL SIZES OTHER SHIPS OF 400 GRT AND ABOVE Control of discharge of oil from machinery spaces Within special areas ANY DISCHARGE ISPROHIBITED. and 2. floating dunnage.the oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 ppm. and 4.bilge water is not mixed with oil cargo residue or cargo pump room bilges (on oil tankers) Outside of special areas ANY DISCHARGE ISPROHIBITED.

MonthlyShipboard Marine Pollution Emergency Plan (SMPEP) For ships above 150 GRT certified to carry noxious liquid substances in bulk. then renewed after 4 years. Shipowners of ships engaged on voyages between the latitudes of 30N and 30S may seek an exemption from carrying immersion suits from the Classification Society which issues the ship's Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate except that this exemption will cease to be valid on or after 1 July 2006 for bulk carriers. How to use. an information from the owners to the Master of a particular ship advising the Master how to react in case of a spill of noxious liquid substances to prevent or at least mitigate negative effects on the environment. 41) Requirements of LTA. the prescribed 3 immersion suits for each lifeboat will be changed to an immersion suit for each person on board. Breaking strength of not less than 2kN and have brief instructions or diagrams clearly illustrating the use of the LTA.34) 35) 36) 37) 38) 39) 40) Immersion suit requirements as per new circular b) Measures to prevent oil overboard discharge (scuppers. use of materials for oil removal(oil absorbent. other than bulk carriers from 1 July 2006 onwards. 1) Unseal the cover 2) Tie up the clear end of the line to a strong point 3) Unscrew the plug 4) Screw in the ignition cartridge 5) Set up the shearing pin into the cocked position (turn up to 90 degrees) 6) Set the launching angle of the unit between 20 to 30 degrees up to horizon. voyages in warm climates refer to voyages between the latitudes of 30N and 30S. Weekly-visual inspection of the hooks. rescue boat and launching appliances. This change is applicable to all cargo ships regardless of their dates of construction. capable of carrying the line at least 230m in calm weather. which are constantly engaged on voyages in warm climates are exempted from carrying immersion suits. opening of the emergency drain valve to cargo oil tanks on tankers. sawdust. Notwithstanding the requirement to carry immersion suits. LSA arrangement for non-tankers LSA maintenance Emergency steering gear With effect from 1 July 2006. Take out shearing pin and the rocket will start in 4-10s 42) How to test EPIRB and SART? a) EPIRB-406Mhz 96hrs standby mode 20m drop test height . etc.) c) Initial Notification Report d) Confirming Conditions at the Scene e) Control the Discharge of Oil f) Preparation of Necessary Documents g) Recording LSA. ships. If end to end not changed.How to carry out lifeboat davit maintenance? Falls used for launching shall be turned end to end at intervals of not more than 30months or renewed when necessary or intervals not more than 5 years. Line throwing appliance not less four projectiles. For Singapore ships.

b) remove it from container c) Press the test button d) Check for a series of blinks followed by a continuous colored light and strobe white flash after approximately 15s e) If the EPIRB failed to end up with a continuous light. Port of Registry c. In case of a rigid LR the name and port of registry of the ship 7.9GHz 96hrs standby mode 8 hrs transmission mode above 500GT carry 2SART g) Use the X-band radar range at 3nm h) take the SART to the bridge wing. Number of person which the lifeboat is approved to carry b. Name of the ship in block letters d. Hold it in the view of the radar antenna i) Switch the SART to self-test mode j) Red flashing light will turn on k) Once activated you will see 12 dots on the RADAR developing in concentric circle and you will hear an audible alarm l) Off the SART and log into the GMDSS logbook m) Check SART for any visible signs of damage and battery expiry date to be renewed every 4years. Date of manufacture (month and year) 5. Name of approving authority and carrying capacity 2. Serial Number 4.type of emergency pack enclosed . the EPIRB is faulty.5-4m dispose after 2 years 44) Marking on lifeboat a. Maker Name 3. make an entry in the GMDSS logbook f) SART. 43) HRU release depth 1. Name and place for servicing station where it was last serviced 6. Means of identifying the ship to which the lifeboat belongs and the number of the lifeboat shall be marked in such a way that they are visible from above Marking on Inflatable Liferaft: 1.

Length of painter h.shackles and pulleys to check for signs of corrosion. Do the positive pressure check by putting two fingers into the side of the mask. Chapter 3 Regulation 7 states at least 1 lifebuoy on each side fitted with a buoyant lifeline equal in length to not less than twice the height of the stowage location to the waterline or 30metres whichever is the greater. Inhale deeply to ensure air is flowing freely from the demand valve & out of the exhaustion valve. And not less than half of the lifebuoys must be fitted with self-igniting lights and not less than two shall ALSO be provided with lifebuoy self activating smoke signals and be capable of quick release from the bridge. 46) How many lifebuoys with lifelines. Date of last servicing g. Don the apparatus and adjust the harness. Type of emergency pack enclosed f.Marking on Inflatable Liferaft Container: a. Name of approving authority and carrying capacity d. maximum permitted height of stowage above waterline and i. condition of the relief valves along the CO2 manifold.Blow through the CO2 line by compressed air to ensure they are clear. check for the audible alarm and finally when air is exhausted inhale deeply. the mask should collapse onto the face indicating air tightness. e. 49) FFA Arrangement for non-tankers dfsds . CO2 alarm should sound before release of CO2. Launching instructions 45) When to change lifeboat water? Check expiry date. Maker’s name b.Pull wires. light and MOB light. Chapter 3 Regulation 32 states ships of LOA under 100m shall carry 8 and additional 2 lifebuoys for every 50m until 200m (14 lifebuoys) 47) How to maintain fixed CO2 system. Close the cylinder valve and inhale until air in the apparatus is exhausted. Open the cyclinder valve and check for pressure 90% full at least. master valve should be opened and closed locally to ensure it is in working condition Annual test. if not every 3 months. Lifebuoy with lights and smoke signals shall be equally distributed on both sides of the ship and shall not be the lifebuoys provided with lifelines. 48) How to test BA Visual Checks for damages and wear/tear. Check for leakage 10 bars in 1 minute. a) Test the level of liquid gas in the cylinder by weighting or isotope method b) Check the alarm that it sounds when about to release CO2 c) Check the gas outlets in the spaces are unobstructed Weekly test.Exhaust fans in CO2 room working or not. Serial number c. ensure it is audible to all personnel in E/R in operating conditions Monthly test. SOLAS.

either: 40% of the gross volume of the largest machinery space so protected. For the purpose of this paragraph the volume of free carbon dioxide shall be calculated at 0. a key to the box shall be in a break-glass-type enclosure conspicuously located adjacent to the box. One control shall be used for opening the valve of the piping which conveys the gas into the protected space and a second control shall be used to discharge the gas from its storage containers. Tankscope. be sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to 30% of the gross volume of the largest cargo space to be protected in the ship. an alarm signal on the instrument is activated. or 35% of the gross volume of the largest machinery space protected. the volume to exclude that part of the casing above the level at which the horizontal area of the casing is 40% or less of the horizontal area of the space concerned taken midway between the tank top and the lowest part of the casing. Amendment to SOLAS Regulation II-2/10 – carbon dioxide systems . For machinery spaces the quantity of carbon dioxide carried shall be sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to the larger of the following volumes.An explosimeter is a device which is used to measure the amount of combustible gases present in a sample. When a percentage of the lower explosive limit (LEL) of an atmosphere is exceeded. For machinery spaces the fixed piping system shall be such that 85% of the gas can be discharged into the space within 2 min.50) Flammability Diagram Explosimeter.56 m3/kg.Tankscope for detecting and measuring hydrocarbon vapours in inert or overly rich atmosphere O2 analyzer. including the casing. two separate controls shall be provided for releasing carbon dioxide into a protected space and to ensure the activation of the alarm. unless otherwise provided. and the two controls shall be located inside a release box clearly identified for the particular space.Used for measuring oxygen contents 51) Requirements for CO2 system For cargo spaces the quantity of carbon dioxide available shall. If the box containing the controls is to be locked.

Hoods and face pieces shall be constructed of flame resistant materials and include a clear visor for viewing. CHARTS) REFER to TARB assignment 8. capacity and number as determined above shall be provided in lieu of spare charges. ECDIS. AIS.protective clothing of material to protect the skin from the heat radiating from the fire and from burns and scalding by steam. as appropriate. additional portable fire extinguishers of the same quantity. boots of rubber or other electrically non-conducting material. shall be suitably protected from the environment. E/R & accommodation spaces b) Launching instructions for survival crafts are provided on the survival crafts c) Ensure pyrotechnics and LTA are not expired d) Lifeboat first aid kit and food ration are not expired . Brief instructions or diagrams clearly illustrating their use shall be clearly printed on the EEBD. c) Bridge equipments. 55) Ship Aground Actions a) Reduce/Stop Main Engine b) Call Master c) Raise Emergency Alarm d) Exhibit vessel aground lights/day signals e) Fix vessel’s position and note down time. Not more than sixty total spare charges are required. electric safety lamp (hand lantern) of an approved type with a minimum burning period of 3 h and axe with a handle provided with high-voltage insulation. An inactivated EEBD shall be capable of being carried hands-free. The EEBD shall include a hood or full face piece. MAGNETIC COMPASS. The donning procedures shall be quick and easy to allow for situations where there is little time to seek safety from a hazardous atmosphere. type. functions and limitations (GPS. to protect the eyes.52) Requirements of EEBD The EEBD shall have a service duration of at least 10 min. GYRO. For fire extinguishers which cannot be recharged on board. 53) Components of firefighter’s outfit. 54) How many spare charges for portable fire extinguishers Spare charges shall be provided for 100% of the first ten extinguishers and 50% of the remaining fire extinguishers capable of being recharged on board. nose and mouth during escape. Instructions for recharging shall be carried on board. An EEBD.1 d) Medical Locker e) Chart and Publications Corrections & Updates f) Stationery and Bridge Stores 57) What to do for the survey for CSSEC? an annual survey within 3 months before or after each anniversary date of the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate a) Ensure muster list provided in bridge. The outer surface shall bewaterresistant. rigid helmet providing effective protection against impact. ARPA. draft and depth of incident f) Record all movements/events and compile communication reports g) Call VTIS informing the nature of accident and vsl’s position h) Broadcast to all traffic in the vicinity to keep clear i) Monitor weather conditions check tide table for HW and LW time and range j) Take all tank and bilge soundings k) Prepare survival crafts and LSA and all crew on standby for emergency 56) How to take over as 2nd mate? a) Take over the taking/handing over report b) Role and responsibility can be found in company SMS (safety management system) manual in compliance with ISM code chapter 5 section 6 paragraph 3.location. when stored.

59) State the advantages and disadvantages of the union purchase system Advantages: 1. in that instance the safety factor would be a 10.where to check SWL and the area to be loaded on ship is of adequate strength? SWL of lifting gear can be checked in the chain register. 60) How to load explosive cargo qwe 61) What is hygroscopic and non-hygroscopic cargo? Hygroscopic cargo readily absorbs. marked and maintained. and deck load capacity is not exceeded. ensure the required number of LSA are present onboard ship Annual tests are valid Magnetic & Gyro compass working and deviation table for magnetic compass provided. 4. floor. It is given in Ship's Stability Booklet and is expressed in m. certified. 1000 / 5 = 200. Re-positioning the derricks is time-consuming.g. The winch-men must be highly skilled and experienced.000 pounds and a safety factor of 5. Cargo movement is under more control. M. machinery etc. Fast and efficient method of loading and discharging cargo. For example. 58) What is the relationship between SWL and breaking stress? The manufacturer's recommended maximum weight load for a line. Complicated derrick rigging arrangement and process. causes ship’s sweat. tobacco. contains and gives off moisture. Can be damaged by cargo sweat because of rusting and staining 62) What is load density? Load density. and also lifting gear used in the E/R. The safety factor generally ranges from 4 to 6 unless a failure of the equipment could pose a risk to life.e) f) g) h) i) j) Presence of mandatory lifeboat equipment Ensure training manual is provided for Check that spares and repair equipment for LSA are provided Using Form E. if a line has an MBS of 1. Non-hygroscopic cargo are of mainly solid nature such as steel products. crane or any other lifting device or component of a lifting device. M. 3. 4. less damage Disadvantages: 1. The term ‘lifting gear’ includes derricks and cranes for the handling of stores. mainly of vegetable origins./Sq. 64) Chain Register The chain register is the register in which data concerning a ship’s lifting gear must be recorded. 63) Heavy lift precautions.Maximum Weight which can be loaded safely in an Area of 1 Sq. without causing any Damages to that area is called the Load Density of the area. grain. 3. Easy to handle by one man as there are only two moving parts two cargo runner. The SWL is determined by dividing the minimum breaking strength (MBS) of a component by a safety factor assigned to that type and use of equipment. Reduced cargo handling capacity (1/3 of the SWL of smaller derrick) 2. . Also called working load limit (WLL). then the SWL would be 200 pounds. and it is important that all such items of equipment should be properly tested. e. 2. etc.t. The ship’s plans should be consulted to ensure that the limitations of the load density plan. less swinging movement. rope. Cargo can be discharged from cargo hold to shore by only one movement.

large packagings. training classification packing and tank provisions consignment procedures construction and testing of packagings. Gives general information about the particular toxic effects likely to be encountered. Its uses. portable tanks and road tank vehicles transport operations Volume 2 contains: the Dangerous Goods List (equivalent to the schedules in previous editions of the Code). 2 VOLUMES + 1 SUPPLEMENT Volume 1 (parts 1. For Use in Accidents Involving Dangerous Goods. definitions. How many volumes and supplement? What info they contain? IMDG CODE is accepted as an international guideline to the safe transportation or shipment of dangerous goods or hazardous materials by water on vessel. . IMDG Code is intended to protect crew members and to prevent marine pollution in the safe transportation of hazardous materials by vessel. 66) How many classes of DG? Class 1: Explosives Class 2: Gases Class 3: Flammable Liquids Class 4: Flammable Solids Class 5: Oxidizing Agents and Organic Peroxides Class 6: Toxic and Infectious Substances Class 7: Radioactive Substances Class 8: Corrosive Substances Class 9: Miscellaneous 67) What is MFAG (Medical First Aid Guide). It is intended to provide a d v i c e necessary for initial management of chemical poisoning and diagnosis w i t h i n t h e l i m i t s o f t h e f a c i l i t i e s a v a i l a b l e at sea. Medical First Aid Guide for Use in Accidents involving Dangerous Goods (MFAG) refers to the substances.65) IMDG CODE. material and articles covered by the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code and the materials covered by Appendix B' of the Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (BC Code). IBCs. 2 and 4-7 of the Code) contains sections on:       general provisions. presented in tabular format    limited quantities exceptions the Index appendices The Supplement contains the following texts related to the IMDG Code:       EMS Guide Medical First Aid Guide Reporting Procedures Packing Cargo Transport Units Safe Use of Pesticides INF Code The EMS (emergency schedules) contains emergency response procedures to provide guidance for dealing with fires and spillages (leakages) on board ships involving the dangerous goods listed in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code).

carried onboard for ensuring the safety of marine environment and seafarers. MSDS provides useful and accessible information on the product carried on board.16 . Hazard Identification along with identification of the mixture or Content  Composition or information of the ingredients        Fire fighting measures First aid measures Accidental release measure. Info can get from it Material safety data sheet.2. Personal protection and exposal control methods Chemical and physical properties of the mixture.2.68) What is MSDS. 69) Segregation of DGs Segregation of DG found in IMDG CODE VOL 1 Chapter 7. Handling and storage criteria. either as a cargo or for operational purposes. Segregation table found in 7. Information about the toxicity of the material.   Ecological and Disposal information Transport and regulatory information.1.

1 Rudder hard over (in an "immediate action" situation.2 After deviation from the original course by 250º.B 4. 3. back the engines 2/3 or full. 1. Fast. Williamson turn. rudder hard over to opp side. Draw and explain advantages and disadvantages. rudder to midship position and stopping manoeuvre to be initiated. Scharnov Turn. Stop the vessel in the water with the person well forward of the propellers. 2. 4.1 Stop the engine 4. Always bring the vessel upwind of the person.3 When heading 20º short of opposite course. Ease the rudder and back the engines as required. 1” Immediate action" situation Casualty is noticed on the bridge and action is initiated immediately.3 When clear of the person go full ahead 4. Adv: makes good the original track Disadv: slow. Adv: auto-recovery ship is brought back on opp course.70) Search and Rescue.2 After 60 degree deviation. only to the side of the casualty) .1 Rudder hard over.O.2 After deviation from the original course by 240º. takes a long distance from the man when sight can be lost as MOB pass behind stern from starboard to port. Victim always in view. 4 Anderson turn most appropriate when the point to be reached remains clearly visible. 2.B ‘immediate action’ 2. Adv: Fastest recovery method Disadv: impossible for single screw vessel and requires high degree of proficiency in shiphandling.4 After deviating from the original course by about 240 degrees (about 2/3 of a complete circle). Anderson turn. 2 "Delayed action" situation Casualty is reported to the bridge by an eye witness and action is initiated with some delay. For delayed action or person missing.O.3 When heading 20 degrees short of reciprocal course. put rudder amidships 3 Scharnow turn most appropriate when the point to be reached is significantly further astern than the vessel's turning radius. . 3.1 Rudder full over towards M. rudder hard over to the opposite side. rudder to midship position. 3 "Person missing" situation Person is reported to the bridge as "missing" 1 Single turn (270º manoeuvre) 1. 3. 2 Williamson turn most appropriate at night or in restricted visibility or if the point can be allowed to go (or already has gone) out of sight. Disadv: Not an immediate action manoeuvre. 4. but is still relatively near.2 Put rudder in full over towards M.5 Stop the engines when the target point is 15 degrees off the bow.

I. To ensure that person in distress will be assisted without regard to their location.  Consists of a rapid and reasonably thorough search along intended route of the distressed craft. To assist state authorities to economically establish effective search & rescue system II. nationality or circumstances IAMSAR 3 VOL 1)The organization & the management 2) The mission co-ordination 3) The mobile facilities – carry onboard  Expanding Square search (SS)       if location of the object is known within relatively close limits Not too many vsls can take part as the area is very small Accurate navigation required Commencement point is the datum Appropriate for searching object with little or no leeway Sector Search  Most effective if search object is accurately know and search area is small (2-5 NM for vessels)    Not to be used by multiple crafts/vessels as area is small Each turn is 120 degree and normally to stbd A marker-smoke buoy or radio beacon.  Often used as initial search effort due to ease of planning and implementation. To promote harmonization of aeronautical and maritime search and rescue system III. International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue is to assist state authorities in meeting their own search and rescue needs.71) How many volumes of IAMSAR? Which volume to carry onboard. .is dropped at datum as reference point  Track Line Search (TS)  Normally used when an aircraft or vessel has disappeared without a trace along a known route.

Parallel Sweep Search (PS) also known as creeping line search    Used to search a large area when survivor location is uncertain.insertion of all new data AMEND.    Search may be along one side of the track line and return in the opposite direction on the other side (TSR). Aircraft are frequently used for TS due to their high speed. Search legs are parallel to each other and to the long sides of the sub-area.one feature replaces an existing feature and the position remains as charted.for features whose characteristics or descriptions remain unchanged.Symbols and Abbreviations used on Admiralty Charts NP247. NM number logged in NP 133A IV. 73) How to do Chart Corrections a) Print out the NTM from nmwebsearch at ukho b) Log the NM against the appropriate chart number in NP 133A in pencil c) Update the charts accordingly and check what you have done d) Write the NM number in the bottom left hand corner of chart e) Cross out the corresponding NM number in NP133A in pencil INSERT. but they are to be moved small distances DELETE. I. then search facility continues on its way and does not return (TSN). one-half track space inside the rectangle from each of the two sides forming the corner.5yrs Chart 5011.features are to be removed from the chart NP234. Most effective over water or flat terrain. Search may be along the intended track and once on each side. 75) Previous notice number is not in chart. Usually used when a large search area must be divided into subareas for assignment to individual search facilities on-scene at the same time.Annual Summary of Admiralty Notices to Mariners published Jan each year 74) What to check before correcting charts. How to track back? a) Refer to latest NTM (top left hand corner shows notice no. MOVE.Cumulative List of Admiralty Notices to Mariners published January 2yrs and July 2. for every week’s NTM) . If chart is updated to date II.a feature remains in its existing charted position but has a change of characteristic SUBSTITUTE.    The commence search point is in one corner of the sub-area. Contour search by airplanes 72) Broadcast a safety message. If it is of the latest edition NP234 or weekly NTM to check III.

f) Chart Correction Log. VTS and Port Operations 5 parts c) Admiralty Tidal Publications – NP 201-204 4 VOL: Provides daily predictions of time & heights of high and low water for standard ports. c) Latitude. time and height differences for secondary ports. ice and climatic conditions. Publications to be carried & their uses a) Admiralty Sailing Directions NP 1-72: information on nav hazards. wave heights and loadline zones. buoyage systems.76) 77) 78) 79) b) Trace back to cumulative NTM NP234. and particular information on military and commercial operations at sea including piracy. This means that gravity is least at the equator and greatest at the poles. e) The Mariner’s Handbook.Pilot Services. maritime metrology. general notes on the countries. DGPS. regulations. maritime environment including the sea. Find that particular chart number. i) Ocean Passages for the World. radio time signals and electronic fixing system 283.NP 74-85 11 VOL: Tabulation of all lighthouses and lights of navigational significance.NP 100: information on charts & publications. The radius of the earth is greater at the equator than at the poles. d) Also can check chart correction log NP133A. if not published yet c) Refer to the 'admiralty weekly NTM index' for that particular year. port facilities.133A: g) IALA Maritime Buoyage System NP735: h) Admiralty Distance Table NP 350 3 VOL: list the distance between nearly every port or place of navigational significance. d) Admiralty List of Lights & Fogs Signal.Because the Earth is not a perfect sphere. How to know publications up to date. operations in ice.air pressure decrease with altitude b) Temperature. Meteorological and weather details are also included together with route diagrams and chartlets showing effects of climate. the correction should be . the acceleration due to gravity depends on latitude. pilotage. legal time.Meteorological Observation Station 285. seasonal currents. The barometer is calibrated for a latitude of 45 degrees. j) Symbols & Abbreviations used on Admiralty Charts NP 5011 k) Cumulative list of Admiralty NTM NP 234 l) Annual Summary of Admiralty NP 237 m) Use of ocean passage of the world The various barometer correction a) Height above the sea level.GMDSS 286.NP136: information for planning ocean voyages. and will require a greater length to balance a given pressure. Thus at smaller latitudes the mercury in the barometer tube weighs less. Includes a selection of ocean routes with distances between ports and important positions. look at the NTM affecting the charts.density of liquid changes with temp.Maritime Safety Information services 2 parts 284. b) Admiralty List of Radio Signals 6 VOL 281-286 281-Maritime radio stations 2 parts 282Radio navigation aids. For latitudes less than 45 degrees. promulgation of navigational information.

airless) and as air pressure changes. as it is either more or less deformed by the air pressure. 83) Ship’s plan & rigging plan 84) Shell expansion plan drawing showing details like welding seam and butt. During loading and discharging cargo.Index error is the error in the instrument . Error in hygrometer and why twist hydrometer before reading? Give the instrument a slight twist to break surface tension & allow it to settle. and ‘off the arc’ if the ‘off the arc’ reading were the greater. 82) Aneroid Barometer An aneroid barometer contains a small sealed box with no air in it (which is what aneroid means. 80) Hydrometer & Determine the relative density of fluids. Use to predict condensation of moisture in the atmosphere. and would be called ‘on the arc’ if the ‘on the arc’ reading were the greater of the two. may cause the hull to snap or crack. Take the differences of the two readings and divide by 2.subtracted from the observed height. for latitudes greater than 45 degrees the correction should be added d) Index Error. This movement is transmitted to an indicator needle that you can use to read the air pressure. Hogging is the stress a ship's hull or keel experiences that causes the center or the keel to bend upward.The numerical value of the index error is the difference between the two readings divided by two. thickness. a vessel may also become temporarily hogged or sagged due to longitudinal weight imbalances . and framing of all plates forming the shell plating of a hull 85) Section plan 86) Watertight door & weathertight door 87) Hogging and Sagging Longitudinal bending stresses. 81) how to find index error by observing the sUN Clamp the index arm at about 32 off the arc and observe the true and reflected images to the position of limb upon limb. Sagging is the stress a ship's hull or keel is placed under when a wave is the same length as the ship and the ship is in the trough of two waves. and note the two readings of both observations. Operational principle based on laws of floatation. Index error is (36-27)/2 = 4.5’ off the arc. This causes the middle of the ship to bend down slightly. and depending of the level of bend. Repeat the observation with index arm set at about 32 on the arc. because of the vacuum chamber's elasticity and the changes over a period of time . the box flexes.

Maximum righting lever should occur at heel 3 prefera ly ut not less than 25. Objective of ISM and purpose 98) ISPS.2 m and angle of heel The Area of the GZ curve should be at least: a c) . The angle of down flooding is an angle at which deck immersion takes place with subsequent water ingress. the intact stability requirements are follows    Initial GM or metacentric height should not be less then 0. MSA chapter 179 reg3. 0.03 m radian etween 3 and 4 or etween 3 and angle of down flooding. Send to agent . Where are controlled drugs kept 110) When to throw away expired medicine.(1) Sagging and (2) Hogging 88) Intact Stability Criteria For a cargo vessel. 55 m radian up to . 89) How to increase freeboard 90) Stability booklet 91) What info to obtain from curve of statical stability? 92) Angel of loll 93) Negative curve (GM) 94) Loadline and markings 95) GZ curves 96) How to know a ship has a safe GM before proceeding to sea 97) ISM.15 m. Which scale to be carried onboard on which type of ship. Righting lever GZ should be at least 0. How to know next port of call is maintaining which security level? 99) ISPS CODE 100) Cargo handling as per ISPS security level 2 101) Designated Person Ashore 102) How to prepare before entering fog 103) Isobaric pattern of TRS 104) Backing/Veering 105) Relative humidity 106) What is convention and regulation 107) Some non-convention ships 108) Port State Control/ Flag State Control 109) Medical Store Regulation. m radian up to 3 4 3 .

123) Advantages. disadvantages of GC sailing/ Mercator sailing Stack Height.111) 112) 113) 114) 115) 116) 117) 118) 119) 120) 121) 122) I. Precaution Hot work precaution Procedures of dropping Anchor Get the deck power Check the windlass brake is on & holding the windlass in gear. What to do (cable pay out though brake is on) Working aloft procedures Risk Assessment. . How to secure lines on bits Rigging of pilot ladder. How to conduct aft mooring station Precaution of aft station Making fast of tug. Elements of R.A. II. IMO restricted visibility stack height Hydropac. hydrolant Anchor cable sendering.

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