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National Women’s Studies Association • Vol. 18 No. 1 • Fall 2006
nwsaconference.org • nwsa.org
nwsa girls and their allies multi-media project
NWSA RECEIVES $275,000 FORD FOUNDATION GRANT • BODY WORLDS • FAT STUDIES • CHICK LIT • WHO'S WHAT! PLUS OUR REGULAR FEATURES, ARTICLES AND COMMENTARIES
NWSA MEMBERSHIP FORMS FOR 2007 – CENTER PAGES
WOMEN OF COLOR LEADERSHIP PROJECT
The National Women’s Studies Association invites applicants for the Women of Color Leadership Project (WoCLP).
The WoCLP is designed to increase the number of women of color students and faculty within the ﬁeld of women’s studies and to have an impact on the levels of participation and power by women of color in program administration and development, NWSA, and in the ﬁeld of women’s studies as a whole.
Program beneﬁts include:
• Valuable networking and professional development opportunities within the Women of Color Caucus (WoCC), the Program Administration and Development (PAD) Committee, and other NWSA groups • The support, companionship, and advocacy of the NWSA WoCC • Opportunities to engage with established and aspiring women of color committed to leadership in women’s studies and NWSA • Opportunities to serve as a conduit for other women of color, particularly young women, and promote their involvement in women’s studies • One-year complimentary membership in NWSA for ﬁrst-time WoCLP participants • Complimentary registration for the NWSA general conference and the PAD pre-conference for ﬁrst-time WoCLP participants Women of color in women’s studies, ethnic studies, or related ﬁelds may apply if they aspire to leadership within women’s studies or NWSA. Applicants may include graduate students, faculty, and current program administrators who wish to be more involved in program or Association leadership. The NWSA 28th annual conference will be held in St. Charles, Illinois from June 28-July 1, 2007. For additional details contact Nana Osei-Koﬁ, WoCLP Coordinator, at email@example.com.
Apply online at http://www.nwsa.org/projects/woclp.php Applications are due April 1, 2007
National Women’s Studies Association Vol. 18 No. 1 • Fall 2006
National Women’s Studies Association 7100 Baltimore Ave, Suite 502 College Park MD 20740 Executive Director Allison Kimmich firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: (301) 403-0525 Fax: (301) 403 4137 Executive Administrator Loretta Younger nwsaofﬁce@nwsa.org Tel: (301) 403-0525 Fax: (301) 403 4137 President Barb Howe Barbara.Howe@mail.wvu.edu Director, Center for Women’s Studies West Virginia University PO Box 6201 Morgantown, WV 26506 Tel:304-293-2339 Vice President Yi-Chun Tricia Lin email@example.com Director, Women’s Studies Program Southern Connecticut State University 501 Crescent Street New Haven, CT, 06515 Tel: 203-392-6133 Secretary Pat Washington Themorgangirl@aol.com 4537 Alamo Drive San Diego, CA 92115 Tel: 619 -582-5383 Treasurer and Finance Committee Chair Jo Trigilo firstname.lastname@example.org Simmons College, Philosophy Dept, C-310B, 300 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115 Tel: 617-521-2247 NWSAction Editor Valda Lewis email@example.com 3240 Rumson Rd Cleveland Heights OH 44118 Tel: (216) 932 4304
NWSA 30th Anniversary...............................................................................4 From The NWSA President............................................................................5 NWSA Director Of Meetings Position Search.................................................6 From The NWSA Executive Director............................................................7 Chick Lit 101.................................................................................................12 A Brief Account Of Gender And Women’s Status In Bangladesh................13 Homing At NWSA: Women Of Color Leadership Project...........................18 Girl-Centered Artworks Inaugurate The Doll Revolt Virtual Gallery.................20 Denice Denton : A Memorial Tribute.............................................................22 A Feminist Perspective On Body Worlds.........................................................24 Representations Of Feminism..............................................................26 This Is What A Feminist (Internship) Looks Like............................................27 Sticks And Stones Name Calling, Gender, and Leadership...................28 NWSA Joins Ms. Academic Project And Committee Of Scholars................29 NWSA joins the Informed Meetings Exchange (inmex).............................29 Membership forms for 2007..........................................................................31 Conference Reviews: Fat Studies: New Field Gets Intro At NWSA Critical Issues Session.................34 Living Feminism At The NWSA Conference.....................................................35 Reﬂections On Rebecca: ‘Openness’ And NWSA.........................................37 Building An Anti-imperialist Feminist Democracy...........................................39 Mothering As Resistance/Activism/Social Change.....................................41 Feminist Science Studies...............................................................................43 New Books..............................................................................................46 -57 New Video..............................................................................................58-59 Stop Dreaming — Keep Working V...........................................................60 Positions Open..................................................................................61 Call For Papers/Conferences.....................................................................62 Who's What! Accolades For NWSA Members...........................................63-65 On The 'Net.............................................................................................66
"Overwhelmed" by Mary Nangah (pg 20)
Kneeling Lady (front) Body Worlds (pg 25)
WoCLP success in Oakland (pg18)
Advertising information: Visit: http://www.nwsa.org/publications.php for guidelines and rate sheet
NWSAction is an international newsmagazine provided free to NWSA members. NWSAction invites contributions from individual and institutional members in the following areas: papers/workshops you present rewritten as articles of interest to the general membership; op-ed articles; effective speakers/performance artists articles; calls for conference papers and announcements; position openings related to women’s/gender studies and Centers; new book or media announcements for NWSA members; articles from members outside the U.S. about their experiences; articles of interest to women’s studies practitioners, librarians and activists. The opinions expressed here are those of the authors only. They do not necessarily represent the views of the National Women’s Studies Association. Submission Guidelines Send via email to firstname.lastname@example.org 500 words or less. Please include YOUR NAME, return address and phone number(s) on the article itself. Longer articles accepted but may be subject to editing. NWSAction is produced twice a year. Deadlines: February 15th, and September 15th. Send submissions to: email@example.com
NWSA 30TH ANNIVERSARY COMMITTEE
By Judith Roy, Immediate Past President Century College
NWSA turns 30 in 2007! The organization was born in the heady days of 1977, arguably a historical high point of optimism about achieving greater gender equality. Creating a National Women’s Studies Association at that point reﬂected this optimism. Relatively few Women’s Studies programs or departments existed then, but NWSA supported the growth of Women’s Studies and new forms of knowledge production in the academy. Now, thirty years later, NWSA looks back but also looks forward. The theme for the 2007 conference, “Past Debates, Present Possibilities, Future Feminisms”, illustrates that goal and the conference will be a major venue for celebrating the anniversary. However, we want to mark this milestone throughout the entire year and in as many ways as possible. To that end, I’ve agreed to chair a small 30th Anniversary Committee which will seek out ideas and input from all of NWSA’s constituencies. Members of the committee are: Brenda Bethman, Women’s Centers Chair; Nupur Chaudhuri, Education Outreach Chair; Maurice Hamington, Fundraising Chair; Melissa Knight, Lesbian Caucus; Rachel Murphy, Graduate Student Caucus Co-Chair; Judith Roy, Past President 2005-2006; and Pat Washington, Women of Color Caucus Co-Chair. We expect to have a representative from the Undergraduate Student Caucus soon. From founding members to new student members, we want to hear from you! We want to be multigenerational and international in scope, keeping in mind necessary budget and staff time constraints, of course. Brainstorm with your colleagues and with us. Do you have memorabilia or pictures? Do you have a vision for the next 30 years of NWSA? Please send your ideas and information to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. With your help, we’ll make this a fabulous and important anniversary year for NWSA.
NWSA Offers Estate Planning Options
Gifts through your estate provide important beneﬁts to you and the National Women’s Studies Association. Gifts may be made by will or trust, through which you may direct a speciﬁc dollar amount or a percentage of your estate. In addition, you may direct your gift to support a particular program of interest to you. Through your gift you can: • Provide enduring critical support for the leading national organization dedicated to advancing feminist education, scholarship, service, and community activism • Make a gift without depleting current income • Honor or memorialize a loved one through a bequest • Support NWSA programs or projects of your choice • Reduce or eliminate estate taxes If you have included NWSA in your will or trust, you are eligible for membership in the National Women’s Studies Association Planned Giving Circle. The Planned Giving Circle recognizes the valuable contributions of friends who include the National Women’s Studies Association in their estate plans. Most important, you will become a member of a dedicated group that is committed to furthering the goals of the National Women’s Studies Association. To learn more about planned giving, please visit http://www.nwsa.org/estate.php or call the National Women’s Studies Association at (301) 403-0524 and speak to Executive Director Allison Kimmich.
FROM THE NWSA PRESIDENT
By Barb Howe, President, NWSA West Virginia University
It is a great pleasure to write my ﬁrst column as the new president of NWSA, as we get ready to celebrate our 30th anniversary at the 2007 conference. As a historian, I know memory affects our understanding of the past. There are many, many perspectives on NWSA’s history, and this is a time to hear from those who helped make NWSA the premiere organization for women’s studies. I do hope many of you who have been part of that history will come to this special meeting so we may learn from you, and, if you have not attended a conference recently, so you can see how we have grown. Let’s also use this conference as a time to think about our future NWSA stands poised for signiﬁcant growth, thanks to funding from the Ford Foundation. Allison Kimmich, our executive director, has played the key role in working with the Ford Foundation on the successful grant, which she discusses elsewhere in this issue. I also want to thank the members of last year’s executive committee – Judith Roy, Liza Fiol-Matta, Jo Trigilio, Pat Washington, and Catherine Orr – for their work on that proposal. Last spring, I set out several goals for NWSA. Since assessment is a critical mandate in higher education, I’d like to assess where we stand with what I would like to accomplish during this two-year term, with a clear recognition that this is a team effort. These goals are not mine alone, and they cannot be accomplished alone. • We must promote more diversity in NWSA by working with the constituent groups that represent all the communities in NWSA to identify potential future leaders for the organization. This is largely the responsibility of Tricia Lin as vice-president. She has done a phenomenal job helping the groups understand our new constitutional structure, identifying leaders for each group, and helping groups write the operational papers we need by the end of the 2007 conference. Please see the constituent groups web site at http://www.nwsa. org/communities.php, and, when you renew your membership, sign up for groups that interest you. Then, get involved in the e-mail discussions, organize conference panels, and use these groups as an avenue to greater involvement in NWSA. The graduate student caucus has asked Helen Klebesadel to mentor that group, and I am pleased that she has agreed to do so. When the undergraduate caucus chooses its new leadership, we will work with them to identify potential mentors. • NWSA must be an organization that welcomes everyone doing women’s studies in the academy and community. There was a good meeting of the Ph.D. program directors in Oakland, and the Program Administration and Development Advisory Council continues to grow and expand its list of activities. Check out the web site at http://www.nwsa.org/governance.php for all the committee opportunities. We will have a student pre-conference in 2007, thanks to the initiative of Moya Bailey, Takkara Brunson, Leana Cabral, Alison Guillory, Anita Russell, Joy Sapinoso, and Fallon Wilson. Thanks to Jo Trigilio, the Governing Council will be discussing ways to better include students in NWSA and better meet students’ needs as a key item on the January 2007 GC meeting. I encourage you to discuss this with your constituency groups and to share ideas with the GC in advance of that meeting. • We must continue to strengthen the Women of Color Leadership Project (WoCLP). I would like to thank the leadership team of Tricia Lin, Bridget Harris-Tsemo, and Mel Lewis for offering the vision, ideas, and energy that made the 2006 WoCLP a dynamic event, and to thank Brenda Bethman for beginning discussions to include the Women’s Centers Standing Committee in the WoCLP for next year. • We must provide a secure and permanent ﬁnancial base for NWSA through private fundraising and external grants. Our dues payments and conference registrations, alone, are not enough to support the services that the organization could otherwise provide, and external grants, no matter how generous, do not pay the basic operating costs. I want to thank Maurice Hamington for the energy he is bringing to the fund-raising committee. I want to close with heartfelt thanks to the members of the Governing Council for their assistance, ideas, and energy; to the national ofﬁce staff for all their hard work; and to all of you, the NWSA membership, for we are only as strong as your commitment to NWSA. Finally, I must thank Dr. Judith Gold Stitzel, the founding director of women’s studies at West Virginia University and in West Virginia. Judith welcomed me to WVU when I joined the faculty in 1980, the year the Women’s Studies Program began, and I would not be writing this today if she had not encouraged and supported me ever since. My hope for NWSA is that all members will ﬁnd the encouragement and support for their work through NWSA that she continues to give to so many.
DIRECTOR OF MEETINGS POSITION NATIONAL WOMEN’S STUDIES ASSOCIATION
With nearly 2,000 individual and institutional members worldwide, NWSA has been the leading organization dedicated to advancing feminist scholarship, education, service, and community activism for nearly 30 years. NWSA conducts and disseminates research on graduate programs and trends in women’s and gender studies in addition to hosting an annual conference to highlight the latest issues in feminist scholarship, teaching, and activism. To learn more about the organization, visit www.nwsa.org.
• At least 2 years of meeting planning experience. • Demonstrated knowledge and expertise in Exhibit Hall development and management. • Proﬁciency with MS Word, Excel, Access, PowerPoint and internet applications required. • Demonstrated commitment to diversity and ability to work with diverse groups. • Exceptional interpersonal skills with the ability to inﬂuence and negotiate contracts and vendor relationships. • Demonstrated expertise in budgeting, strategic and tactical planning. • Demonstrated experience working individually and as part of a team under tight deadlines. • Demonstrated ability to work effectively in complex shifting environments. • Excellent verbal and communication skills. • Proven ability to multi-task. • Bachelor’s degree required. • Experience with feminist organizations and/or women’s studies a plus. • Professional C.M.P. designation a plus.
Director of Meetings Position Description
The National Women’s Studies Association Director of Meetings is responsible for planning, executing, and oversight of the Association’s existing annual conference, which draws more than 1,000 registrants, and would be expected to develop, plan, execute, and oversee at least one other national gathering annually in accordance with the NWSA strategic plan. The Director of Meetings will also help to develop, plan, execute, and oversee a series of smaller events, including bi-annual Board meetings, the Women of Color Leadership Project, and the Stop Dreaming, Keep Working workshop. The Director of Meetings reports directly to the Executive Director and will work in the College Park, MD ofﬁce. She/He will work closely with the Executive Director and the National Conference Chair (a Board position) to: • Develop the overall direction of national meetings • Work collaboratively to manage and provide staff support to the appropriate volunteers/members as needed to improve service delivered and ensure a smooth-running operation; • Coordinate communications with invited speakers and manage conference scheduling; • Evaluate and analyze meeting functions to ensure effective work processes and meeting operations. While the exact requirements for each meeting may vary, the Director of Meetings is responsible for recommending site locations, coordinating all meeting details i.e. budget, contract negotiations, service negotiations, and physical arrangements, etc. to ensure memorable, ﬂawlessly executed events. She/He oversees the development and implementation of an Exhibit Hall, which generates revenue for the National Women’s Studies Association. The Director of meetings coordinates the activities related to conference publications, such as the Conference Program Book and in coordination with other national staff members, as needed. She/He ensures the technical and professional direction and assistance is provided to staff and volunteers/members responsible for speciﬁc events during national meetings. She/He provides direction for the production of audio-visual and other material needed.
Salary and Beneﬁts
Salary will be commensurate with experience. This is a oneyear grant funded position with the possibility of renewal. NWSA offers an employer-matched retirement plan, generous vacation beneﬁts, and the possibility of health insurance.
How to Apply
Submit a resume, a list of three references, and letter of application in which you detail your qualiﬁcations for the position. No telephone inquiries, please. All applications and questions should be addressed to nwsaofﬁce@nwsa.org with the subject line “Director of Meetings.”
Application Deadline: October 31, 2006.
The National Women’s Studies Association is committed to ending racism and all forms of oppression. NWSA does not discriminate on the basis of race and ethnicity, age, gender, gender expression or identity, class, sexual identity, national origin, disability, or religion, and especially welcomes applications from people of color.
FROM THE NWSA EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
Dear Colleagues, We have much to celebrate as we look forward to 2007 and marking the National Women’s Studies Association’s 30th anniversary. I am especially pleased to announce that the National Women’s Studies Association has received a one-year $275,000 grant from The Ford Foundation to build organizational capacity. NWSA will initiate a strategic planning process intended to promote its longterm sustainability and examine the role of women of color within NWSA, expand stafﬁng in the national ofﬁce to enhance member services, and launch a data collection project dedicated to mapping the ﬁeld of women’s studies in the United States. year: we will inaugurate Engaging Scholarship, four simultaneous sessions on Friday intended to address the conference theme and sub-themes and provide opportunities for networking. Invited scholars will explain how their work articulates, engages with, and theorizes key issues in the ﬁeld of women’s and gender studies and in today’s world. Session participants will then break out in discussion sections to explore the various themes and issues in more detail. NWSA is also delighted to introduce the Tribute Panel, a session format intended to honor past scholarship that has set new directions for the ﬁeld. 2007 will feature a tribute to This Bridge Called My Back titled Bridge Inscriptions: "Radical Women of Color Envision—Pasts, Presents, Futures." While the conference promises to be intellectually engaging and expansive in its scope, you will ﬁnd that same depth and range included in these pages. This issue of NWSAction demonstrates the interdisciplinary reach of women’s and gender studies scholarship and activism; it takes you from the controversial Body Worlds Exhibit at the Science Museum of Minnesota to universities in Dhaka, Bangladesh and inside the virtual exhibition of girl-centered art works, the Doll Revolt. This issue also highlights our members’ professional accomplishments, with a new feature, “Who’s What?” The column recognizes appointments, promotions, awards and achievements, and other landmark events. Finally, I would like to draw your attention to the work of the Secretary of Education’s Commission on the Future of Higher Education. The commission report calls for reforms with important implications for the work of women’s and gender studies practitioners, including restructuring the student ﬁnancial aid system and measuring and reporting meaningful student learning outcomes. Implementing the commission report will fall to Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings, who is expected to lay out a plan this fall. To learn more about the Commission on the Future of Higher Education, please visit http://insidehighered.com/news/focus/ commission I look forward to hearing your thoughts about future directions for NWSA’s next 30 years.
The grant will help to create a stronger, intellectually vibrant, increasingly diverse, and more visible Association
The grant will help to create a stronger, intellectually vibrant, increasingly diverse, and more visible Association better positioned to meet the demands of a ﬁeld that is ﬂourishing, with strong growth at the doctoral level, but also facing signiﬁcant threats in the current political climate. I hope you will join me in celebrating this generous support from The Ford Foundation, while also acknowledging that the funding will challenge NWSA to grow strategically, rapidly, and in pursuit of our mission. Such growth will be possible only with strong member support and involvement as NWSA plans for its future and keeps pace with changes in the ﬁeld. Indeed, we will mark NWSA’s anniversary with a clear vision toward planning for the Association’s next 30 years (and beyond). We anticipate an individual gift campaign, special web tools and resources, and have dedicated our conference theme to honoring our anniversary. “Past Debates, Present Possibilities, Future Feminisms: A Women’s and Gender Studies Conference Celebrating 30 Years of NWSA” will provide opportunities both to revisit past debates in light of today’s priorities and to chart possible futures for feminisms in the academy and beyond. Feminist inquiry within women’s and gender studies has broken new ground in the past three decades, while facing key social, political, and scholarly challenges. NWSA’s conference will take place from June 28-July 1, 2007 in St. Charles, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. NWSA is pleased to announce two new session formats this
Allison B. Kimmich, Executive Director
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Playing with Fire
Feminist Thought and Activism through Seven Lives in India Sangtin Writers and Richa Nagar
Foreword by Chandra Talpade Mohanty
Understanding the labor and politics of NGOs through the lives of seven Indian women.
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Paisley Currah, Richard M. Juang, and Shannon Price Minter, editors
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Politics of Touch
Sense, Movement, Sovereignty Erin Manning
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The Ruptures of American Capital
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A Manufactured Wilderness
Summer Camps and the Shaping of American Youth, 1890–1960 Abigail A. Van Slyck
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Breast Cancer and the Politics of Philanthropy Samantha King
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Judging Race in Japanese American Beauty Pageants Rebecca Chiyoko King-O’Riain
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Ecstasy and the Demon
The Dances of Mary Wigman Susan Manning
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Race in Motion Susan Manning
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Citizenship, Exile, and the Logic of Difference Katarzyna Marciniak
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CHICK LIT 101
Brenda Bethman Texas A&M University
Ten years ago, Helen Fielding’s novel Bridget Jones’s Diary took the publishing world by storm and a genre was born. Based on columns Fielding wrote for The Independent (and later The Daily Telegraph), the novel was a worldwide bestseller, and was followed by a sequel, Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason and ﬁlm adaptations of both novels. Along with texts such as Candace Bushnell’s Sex and the City and Melissa Bank’s The Girl’s Guide to Hunting and Fishing, Fielding’s novel is considered a founding text of the “singleton” novel or chick lit genre. While literary critics and publishing industry observers periodically predict the death of chick lit, the genre is as popular as ever, with high sales, new sub-genres (mommy lit, young adult chick lit, mystery chick lit, etc.), and the recent publication of two handbooks on how to write chick lit. Nonetheless, chick lit has had a difﬁcult time ﬁnding respect in the academy. As Suzanne Ferris and Mallory Young have pointed out, one reason for feminists’ reluctance to engage with chick lit could be precisely its “tremendous popularity. The obvious commercial success of chick lit and its inescapable marketing ploys—covers in pink or ﬂuorescent green, highlighted with ﬂirty, fashionable accessories like purses or high heels— surely cause some critics to dismiss it as frivolous or formulaic.” Ferris and Young also discovered a “generational gap” when working on their edited book of essays on chick lit, with younger scholars much more likely to be interested in working on or teaching chick lit, sometimes to the dismay of their professors and mentors. They see this as part of the generational conﬂict of feminism versus postfeminism (or second versus third wave). Slowly, however, the study of chick lit is gaining popularity among women’s studies scholars. When researching the teaching of and writing on chick lit for this article, I discovered that both Harvard and Tania Modleski (at the University of Southern California) are offering courses that at least partially engage with chick lit, indicating that study of the genre is gaining respectability. On the scholarly front, there is Ferris and Young’s volume of essays, a growing number of articles and panels, and even its own area at the Southwest/Texas Popular & American Culture Associations 2007 conference. In my view, the growing body of courses and scholarship will prove to be very useful for women’s studies. Despite its limitations, I have found teaching chick lit to be a fruitful way to engage my students in, as Ferris and Young put it, an “intergenerational discussion of feminism.” While we may not agree on what Bridget Jones means for contemporary womanhood, she has proven to be an excellent place to start talking about that meaning. Courses / Research Below is a partial list of answers to an inquiry sent to WMST-L, asking how women’s studies faculty and students are incorporating chick lit into their courses and/or scholarship: • Jo-Ann Pilardi, Professor of Philosophy and Women’s Studies at Towson University incorporates material on chick lit into her course “American Women and Popular Culture.” • Andrea Braithwaite, a Ph.D. candidate at McGill University, teaches a section on chick lit in her “Media and Culture” course and is writing her dissertation on the “chick dick” (female detectives with chick lit characteristics). • Caroline Smith, Assistant Professor of Writing, The George Washington University, is teaching a course titled: “Chick Lit: Writing About Women’s ‘Literature.’ ” • Brenda Bethman, Texas A&M University, is offering a juniorlevel honors seminar on “Flirting with the ‘F-Word’: Chick Lit, Feminism, and Postfeminism.” Further Reading Ferris, Suzanne, and Mallory Young, eds. Chick Lit: The New Woman’s Fiction. New York; London: Routledge, 2006. Freitas, Donna. Becoming a Goddess of Inner Poise: Spirituality for the Bridget Jones in All of Us. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005 Whelehan, Imelda. The Feminist Bestseller: From Sex and the Single Girl to Sex and the City. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF GENDER AND WOMEN’S STATUS IN BANGLADESH
By Colette Morrow, Past President, NWSA International Task Force Co-Chair
The monsoon season and I arrived in Dhaka, Bangladesh about the same time in early July. After a week I wondered if I would ever see the sun again but it soon returned (albeit off and on between torrential downpours) and I was immersed in my work at North South University (NSU), BRAC University, and Dhaka University (DU). Altogether I made more than 10 presentations—teaching sessions or more formal talks—on American literature, Women’s/Gender Studies and Feminism in the U.S., and gender and communication (U.S. English). I also met numerous women active in Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) or independently undertaken grassroots work as well as representatives of the media, human rights organizations, and other areas of the private and public sectors in Bangladesh. I included information about the National Women’s Studies Association and the NWSA Journal in all of my presentations and, when appropriate, in conversations with Bangladeshi faculty, administrators, students, activists, members of the media, and others. Opportunities for U.S.-Bangladesh Individual and Institutional Partnerships The following projects were identiﬁed as high priority, and anyone wishing to contribute to them is invited to contact me, Colette Morrow, at email@example.com. 1.Dhaka University Women’s and Gender Studies Department Members of DU’s Women’s and Gender Studies Department are eager to network with other practitioners to develop new courses and enhance existing courses at DU. The department was founded in 2002 and is the only one in the country (as well as the only university to offer a degree in Women’s and Gender Studies). Faculty expertise lies primarily in sociology and history, and they are especially interested in global/transnational feminist theories and post-colonial perspectives. 2. Feminist Theories/Literature M.A, Department of English, BRAC University BRAC University’s Department of English is developing a master’s degree in English that will have three streams/tracks. One will be in feminist theories and literature with an emphasis on postcolonialism. The department is eager to develop faculty exchanges that will support this initiative. 3. EL-Pro English Language Program, BRAC University BRAC University’s El-Pro English Language Program, founded last year, provides students intensive English language instruction that integrates skill building in speaking, listening, reading and writing. Students who attended Bangla-medium high schools, usually low-income students whose families could not afford private, English-medium high schools, are the principle beneﬁciaries of this program because BRAC courses are delivered in English, as is the practice at most Bangladeshi universities. El-Pro is reﬁning its composition program and is seeking interns who are specialists in composition for English language learners. El-Pro also would like to develop faculty and advanced graduate student exchanges for the purpose of enriching its overall curriculum and especially composition 4. Books for Bangladesh Dhaka University’s faculty in English and Women’s and Gender Studies would appreciate donations of books in Chicano/a literature and Women’s and Gender Studies. 5. Fulbright Scholar Opportunities: Long- and Short-Term Short- as well as long-term Fulbright Scholarships are available in Bangladesh. General information is available at http://www. cies.org/. I am happy to share more details and provide direct contacts to institutions that would like to host a Fulbright Scholar (an institutional letter of invitation is required to apply). Specialists in all ﬁelds are encouraged to apply and Dhaka University includes a wide array of academic programs. A Brief Account of Gender and Women’s Status in Bangladesh I do not wish to suggest that I have any particular expertise in Bangladesh Studies. Indeed, NWSA member Fauzia Ahmed, the new Director of Women’s Studies at Indiana University in Pennsylvania, Continued on pg. 14
A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF GENDER AND WOMEN’S STATUS IN BANGLADESH
Continued from pg. 13 has written extensively on Bangladesh and the impact of the garment industry, which relies on sweatshop labor, on women. Other scholars have examined NGOs in Bangladesh from gendered perspectives. Nonetheless, I would like to relay some of the things that Bangladeshi women told me about gender and Bangladeshi society. Of greatest concern is the fact that 95% of Bangladeshis are poor. There is widespread agreement that reducing poverty rates in Bangladesh is the most important strategy for reducing oppression. One oft-invoked strategy for reducing poverty was holistic education capable of developing the “whole person” rather than basic literacy programs. Another challenge that Bangladeshi women identiﬁed is that, as in Iraq, family law is governed by a citizen’s religious afﬁliation. For example, Catholics are prohibited from re-marrying after divorce. Additionally, women do not have the right of inheritance. There is widespread concern that conservative social structures, especially women’s role in the family and the stratiﬁed class system, oppress Bangladeshi women. Some women advocated working within religious organizations to educate their leaders about faith-based mandates to respect women, which then can be taught to male followers. Many women agreed that Bangladeshi women need to be educated about their rights in secular and religious laws so that women can utilize them more effectively. Other women advocated for secular governance and expressed grave concern about growing religious extremism in Bangladesh and worldwide. These proponents suggested that secularism is crucial for the protection of religious minorities’ rights, especially indigenous populations. Like women in the U.S. and in many other parts of the world, Bangladeshi women have a double burden in that they continue to have most of the responsibility for maintaining the household and rearing children. Bangladeshi women noted that their double burden is made more difﬁcult by cultural conventions that unreasonably and unfairly blame mothers for a wide variety of problems and failures, even when the mother has little or no connection to the issue. However, opting out of marriage is not an option for many women because it’s a stigma to be divorced or never married. Sex trafﬁcking is a signiﬁcant problem in Bangladesh and is linked to the high poverty rate. Bangladesh is a “sending” country and most victims (women and female and male children) are trafﬁcked to Calcutta. NGOs have an impressive record in this area, but some leaders noted that they are at risk for retribution from highly organized sex trafﬁcking syndicates. Overall they report that the government is fairly responsive to this problem but that pervasive corruption blunts its effectiveness. Of course, it was noted that Bangladeshi women experience gender and other oppressions differently depending on their class status and religious afﬁliation in particular. Practices for NWSA to Consider The level of organization that characterized Bangladeshi NGOs was impressive. I was struck by the high level of resources that national NGOs dedicated to regional and local organizing. This dual national-local focus, I was advised, has been key to successful legislative advocacy and other forms of social change action. Coordinated, responsible media coverage of women’s NGOs was conspicuous in Bangladesh during my visit. Also notable was the visibility of feminist journalists as members of women’s groups/NGOs. I concluded that cultivating media contacts and training Women’s Studies practitioners how to interact with the press effectively should be a high priority in NWSA. Concerns about the growing influence (on culture and government) of extremist religions worldwide suggest that U.S. feminists would do well to become a stronger presence in the global feminist debate about how to respond to this challenge. The two models that I observed in Bangladesh were working inside organized religions—reforming them through education— and opposing the theocratization of government. Deliberately weighing the advantages and disadvantages of these approaches and envisioning others would be beneﬁcial to U.S. feminists. Finally, I was shocked how widespread was the belief that U.S. neo-imperialism is supported by U.S. feminists. Of course, this is largely due to George W. Bush’s exploitative linking of women’s rights and democracy to justify the invasion of Iraq. That his message rather than feminists’ nearly universal opposition to neoimperialism and the Iraq war is what the world hears indicates how critical it is to become more savvy in our dealings with the press. It also suggests that U.S. feminists should redouble our efforts to dialogue with feminists around the world as we undertake our anti-oppression work.
Selling Women Short
Gender and Money on Wall Street LOUISE MARIE ROTH
Rocked by a flurry of high-profile sex discrimination lawsuits in the 1990s, Wall Street was supposed to have cleaned up its act. It hasn’t. Selling Women Short is a powerful new indictment of how America’s financial capital has swept enduring discriminatory practices under the rug. Comparing the experiences of men and women who began their careers on Wall Street in the late 1990s, Louise Roth finds not only that women earn an average of 29% less—but that they are shunted into less lucrative career paths, are not promoted, and are denied the best clients. Selling Women Short closes with Roth’s frank advice on how to tackle the problem. “This first-rate work is poised to join a small circle of influential books tackling the question of how gender inequality persists amid the avowedly merit-based segments of the American economy. Clearly presented and written in an engaging style, Selling Women Short is the only book I have seen that compares ‘successful’ and ‘derailed’ women and men, thus making it possible to disentangle the influence of gender from other, more ‘gender neutral’ factors that shape the career trajectories of workers in high-powered jobs.” —Kathleen Gerson, coauthor of The Time Divide: Work, Family, and Gender Inequality
Cloth $27.95 0-691-12643-7 Due November
“Louise Marie Roth provides a thorough analysis of sex discrimination on Wall Street, with implications far beyond the financial sector.”
—Martha Burk, National Council of Women’s Organizations
Women in the Middle East
Past and Present NIKKI R. KEDDIE
Written by a pioneer in the field of Middle Eastern women’s history, Women in the Middle East is a concise, comprehensive, and authoritative history of the lives of the region’s women since the rise of Islam. Positioning women within their individual economic situations, identities, families, and geographies, Nikki R. Keddie examines the experiences of women in the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, in Iran, and in all the Arab countries. Keddie discusses the interaction of a changing Islam with political, cultural, and socioeconomic developments. In doing so, she shows that, like other major religions, Islam incorporated ideas and practices of male superiority but also provoked challenges to them. “Women in the Middle East is a broad, accessible book that deals superbly well with the existing historical literature. It is also an intriguing experiment in combining genres from a pioneer of Middle Eastern women’s history.” —Lila Abu-Lughod, Columbia University
Paper $24.95 0-691-12863-4 Cloth $60.00 0-691-11610-5 Due December
“This intriguing book brings together the scholarship of one of the great pioneers and advocates of Middle Eastern women’s history and offers a fresh synthesis that integrates the literature of the past three decades into a single narrative. As such, it has no competitors.”
—Beth Baron, Graduate Center of the City University of New York
Princeton University Press
800-777-4726 • Read excerpts at www.pup.princeton.edu
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We can do this for the women of the world. Come on! One dollar from 34 Million Americans!
Cheers, Jane Roberts - firstname.lastname@example.org
Be one of 34 million Americans to contribute at least $1 to our grassroots movement for the women of the world. Invite others to join you. You can also contribute online ($10 minimum) All contributions are tax deductible. BY MAIL: Americans for UNFPA - 34 Million Friends P.O. Box 681 Toms River, NJ 08754 Make checks out to: Americans for UNFPA
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro launches Masters in Women’s and Gender Studies program
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro is home to the new, and only, Masters in Women’s and Gender Studies program available between Baltimore and Atlanta. Launched with 10 students, the ﬁrst generation of the program consists of a diverse student body with undergraduate degrees from the University of Nigeria to SUNY-Brockport. The Women’s and Gender Studies Master’s program is interdisciplinary in design, allowing a personalized course of study and building upon UNCG’s historical mission as the Woman’s College of North Carolina. The new MA program is unique in offering three concentrations to prepare graduates for professional employment or for further study: a concentration in Gender and Health, a concentration in Gender and Community Leadership, and an individually designed concentration developed in close consultation with a faculty advisor. A series of professional development courses prepares graduate students for careers outside the academy. The master’s program seeks to respond to social needs on a global scale. Globalization and migration have dramatically changed communities and families in the United States and abroad. These changes have signiﬁcant effects on gender roles and have created many new challenges for governments, for the health-care delivery system and for families. The master’s degree proposes to train graduates to develop, assess, and implement programs designed
Some of the 10 Students from the ﬁrst MA program in Women and Gender Studies at UNCG.
to address these and similar problems, particularly as they are impacted by and even created by gender and ethnic differences. The new Master’s Program is unique in offering students preparation for careers outside the academy. Program development has been founded by the council of Graduate Schools and the Ford Foundation. More than 40 WGS faculty have contributed to the program development with over 30 currently teaching core and crosslisted course. For more information about the program visit http://wgs.uncg.edu.
Introducing Ms. in your classroom helps keep students up-to-date with the current women’s movement and its issues, and sparks continuing interest.
Spark classroom discussions
Ms. magazine is unique and it has a unique place in your classroom. Ms. uses a race, class and gender lens in its coverage of a variety of arenas, both globally and nationally, including public policy, environment, arts and culture, law, health, money and economics, as well as in special investigative reports. Ms. promotes the work of feminist scholars in several ways. Ms. publishes articles that present feminist research in a format that is readily accessible to feminist activists, policy makers, campuses, and the general public. The Ms. calendar of events includes women's studies conferences and meetings in the United States and around the world. Plus Ms. reviews many women's studies scholarly books.
As you prepare your curriculum, we’ve created new ways to use Ms.
The new Intro to Ms. Program can be used as a contemporary reader for classroom discussions, assignments, and extra credit just as the Wall Street Journal is used in many business courses. Each semester we will package Wall Street Journal together the 3 most recent Ms. issues. We’ll include a coupon for your students to receive a complimentary copy W of the Ms. issue that is published during the semester—so your students will receive 4 current issues of Ms. for the student discounted rate of just $18 (regular fee is $25). With the fee, students will also receive emails on breaking issues and calendar events. Participating in the Intro to Ms. Program will expose your students to a feminist news source on a local, national, and international level. The Ms. Classic Pak includes two commemorative 30th Anniversary issues of Ms.—Reporting, Rebelling & Truthtelling features timeless, non-fiction articles on breakthrough topics from the first thirty years with updates, oduce W as well as the Best of 30 Years: Fiction & Poetry. Just $15, this is a great way to introduce your Women's Studies Y students to feminist actions of the 70s, 80s and 90s. This offer also enables students to join Ms. at a special rate. of
If you have any questions call the Ms. team at 866.444.3652 or email email@example.com
HOMING AT NWSA:
By Yi-Chun Tricia Lin, NWSA Vice President Southern Connecticut State University
lives—and as if we had gone to “The dream is the truth. NWSA always already together. Then [women] act and do This is how we solidif ied things accordingly.” sisterhood and how we found — Zora Neale Hurston, home in NWSA away from our Their Eyes Were Watching home and home institutions. God (New York: Harper & My personal tale of WoCLP Row, 1990) journeying in NWSA is not It was the dream of a exactly the beginning of WoCLP. better NWSA, the dream In 1999, PAD Committee and of woman’s studies for all, the Women of Color Caucus the dream of a better world (WoCC) formed this joint with sisters of all colors and initiative, inviting applicants persuasions that turned my for the WoCLP. It is designed to attendance—and others’—at increase the number of women the 2005 NWSA conference of color students and faculty into a pivotal moment in my participation in NWSA. (L -R) WoCLP Chairs Nana Osei-Koﬁ, Mel Michelle Lewis, Bridget Harris-Tsemo within the field of women’s studies and, consequently, to have an impact on the levels of It all began with the Women of Color Leadership Project (WoCLP) participation and power by women of color in the PAD, NWSA, luncheon discussion on June 15, 2005, at the Program Administration and in the ﬁeld of women’s studies as a whole. Applicants, over and Development (PAD) Pre-conference. I would learn later that the the years, have included graduate students, faculty, and current luncheon with my WoCLP cohort would send me into a journey of program administrators who wish to be more involved in program great promise—the horizon of which seems inﬁnite. or Association leadership. After that WoCLP luncheon in the 2005 pre-conference, we For the ﬁrst ﬁve years (2000-2005), Layli Phillips, now at Georgia would follow each other into conference sessions and panels, State University, single-handedly laid the ground and oversaw listening to each other and exchanging ideas. Then those ideas the development of WoCLP. Layli was one of the ﬁrst faces that followed us into late night discussions. By the end of the 2005 welcomed many like me to the 2005 pre-conference—and NWSA. conference, we felt as if we had known each other for half of our She had much to do with women like myself who have stayed ﬁrm for women of color leadership issues at NWSA and beyond. Although she stepped down as the WoCLP Coordinator at the close of the 2005 NWSA pre-conference, an electrifying bonding of a group of 15 women or so was about to take place. Bridget Harris-Tsemo, at University of Iowa, Mel Lewis, at University of Maryland, and I found each other on a few WoCLP occasions, but we deﬁnitely re-encountered again at the PAD meeting. With Layli’s departure, Bridget, Mel, and I thus began our coordinating team of three for the following year, planning for the 2006 NWSA PAD pre-conference. What a great, productive and fun time Bridget, Mel, and I had co-coordinating WoCLP for the Oakland conference! Our Members at a reception for the 2006 WoCLP partnership was a precious sisterhood in reality. With the help of
with NWSA Vice-President Tricia Lin (center)
WOMEN OF COLOR LEADERSHIP PROJECT
and plan a WoCLP endowment. the national ofﬁce and colleagues For us, t his enumeration is from both PAD Committee and signiﬁcant, as these various leaderships Women of Color Caucus, we had a and projects point to the future of full WoCLP plan for NWSA 2006 in WoCLP, a project whose well-being Oakland, guided by our vision for is intricately interconnected with the a better NWSA. All of the WoCLP overall well-being of NWSA. Probably events were well attended and most signiﬁcant is the emergence of received: from the pre-conference another coordinating team of three. session, “Women of Color Leading: With my stepping aside for other A Vision for NWSA” (where Karen responsibilities at the Association, Nana Cardozo shared her thoughts on Andrea Smith addresses a packed house at the Osei-Koﬁ (Iowa State University) has mentoring women of color) to "Critical Race Theories" session joined Bridget and Mel for the planning the WoCLP presidential session, of the 2007 WoCLP program, in St. Charles, IL. “Critical Race Theory” (with M. Jacqui Alexander and Andrea Smith). After the conference in Oakland, the great WoCLP energy According to National Conference Chair Catherine Orr, the WoCLP has continued. Lots of coordinating and planning has already presidential session received overwhelmingly positive feedback. In taken place. With such energy, strength, talents, and wisdom, her July 12 memo to the National Conference Committee, she stated, it does seem that the horizon of the WoCLP future is inﬁnite, and ‘For each Presidential Session, more than 80% of respondents I must underscore that the WoCLP future is, without a doubt, rated the session as “Good,” “Very Good,” or “Excellent”; 94% of the Association’s. Indeed, I am reminded of the following postthose attending the Critical Race Theories session rated the session conference comment from Kim Berry, who directs Women’s Studies “Good,” “Very Good,” or “Excellent”.’ at Humboldt State University: What was most exhilarating to us is witnessing emerging [M]y time with the WOCLP was the highlight of my time at leaderships and projects out of the 2006 cohort: the conference. As a white woman who is committed to 1. Jennifer Mata and Nana Osei-Koﬁ are working on a cluster decolonizing Women’s Studies I felt honored to participate in issue on women of color for NWSA Journal; the PAD and NWSA sessions that the WOCLP put on. I felt the 2. Bridget Harris-Tsemo, Mel Lewis, and Jennifer Mata spirit of a new consciousness in those events—a consciousness are planning a WoCLP pre-conference session for 2007, that Anzaldúa and many other wise women of color have called tentatively entitled “Women of Color Leading: Visionaries for. The combination of powerful critique, transformative Speak to the Past, Present, and Future of NWSA”; vision, and compassionate support all in one space gave me 3. Moya Bailey, Joy Sapinoso, Anita Russell, and Fallon Wilson the hope that we can make change (to paraphrase Audre have formed a committee including more student members, Lorde) that breaks away from the old models that have not planning a pre-conference for all students in NWSA 2007; served us. 4. Rachel Murphy has assumed leadership as new co-chair of Comments like Kim’s and many other sisters’ in WoCLP the Graduate Student Caucus of NWSA; profoundly humble me. I feel deeply fortunate to have these 5. Brenda Bethman, Chair of Women’s Center Committee, and incredible women accompany and dream with me in this journey the WoCLP team have started a discussion on having a joint of WoCLP, my homing at NWSA. On behalf of all of us, I thank WoCLP session in the pre-conference; you all whose passion, commitment, and presence have shaped 6. Melissa Knight has joined the NWSA Fundraising and become Women of Color Leadership Project in NWSA. With Committee; this note, I, too, invite you, sisters of all colors, to dream with us 7. An impromptu fundraising at the 2006 pre-conference, which in WoCLP. brought in over $800 for WoCLP, has prompted us to dream
TEAR OFF YOUR OWN HEAD:
By Leisha Jones, Co-Chair, Girls and Their Allies Caucus, Pennsylvania State University
Girls occupy a much-contested space within the American culture machine. It chews them up into tempting bite-sized morsels designed to endow all kinds of products with the sexy yet pristine vitality of youth and femininity. However, much like Gretel in the woods shedding a trail with the only thing left to sustain her, girls mark ways out, through, and around visual landscapes littered with the debris of doll parts and hearts shorn from bodies too often in ﬂux. They leave trails for each other to follow, sometimes with intention and verve, sometimes as unintentional effect of crime scene outline. The crumbs response is to disperse and proliferate. In order to facilitate and showcase the mark making of girls who cut their own paths through our visual culture forest, Bonnie MacDonald and I created a virtual gallery sponsored by the Girls and Their Allies Caucus of the National Women’s Studies Association called Doll Revolt. The Doll Revolt is a juried virtual gallery where girls can exhibit their works, including a community space wiki where girls, G i r l s St u d i e s s c h o l a r s and activists, and people interested in new exciting artworks, can congregate. Our call for submissions brought a few surprises. Despite contacting numerous secondary and high schools and girl web zines, we received very little response from the presumed demographic of the girl. Our call for works of art “by and about girls” did not specify an age because the gallery is founded on the notion that girl as a theoretical "Paper Doll" by Jamie Wallcase category does not adhere to chronology, genitals, or marketing demographics. Girl for us is a verb, the “feminine” in its most active form. She acts through embodiments and interpellations of race, class, age, physical and cerebral capacities, genitals, and sex. The r e s p o n s e to o u r c a l l for submissions came over whelmingly from another under-represented g ro u p — t h e e m e rg i n g ar tist. Our ar tists are definitely on their way somewhere, mirroring the "Overwhelmed" by Mary Nangah in-betweeness of the girl. Most of the artists in our gallery do not have representation yet, so this venue is potentially an important one for them. In addition to supporting girl artists and girl-centered artworks, the Doll Revolt offers a curatorial experiment of form. After debating numerous ways to design, build, and showcase the art, we turned to the works themselves for inspiration. Categories of action asserted by the works emerged. We decided to organize a tour of the site based upon the performative gestures of the girlworks, and settled on nine representative categories: shedding, cathection, interruption, contiguity, colony, prosthetic, hybrid, multiplicity, mimesis, metonymy, and ﬂuid. The category speciﬁcs are informed by my research on girls and visual culture, including particular works by Luce Irigaray, and Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari. The structure through which the categories are generated comes from Judith Butler’s notion of performativity. Butler offers us a way to reconﬁgure constructions of gender and identity in her oft cited Gender Trouble and the perfomativity re-dux Bodies That Matter. “Woman” for Butler is not a uniﬁed aggregate, but an identity produced from and constituted by performances of gender. Gender is a congealing of repeated acts and stylish machinations that produce over time the appearance of a cohesive recognizable subject. In terms of gender and the “girl,” one is or is not
GIRL-CENTERED ARTWORKS INAUGURATE THE DOLL REVOLT VIRTUAL GALLERY
recognizable as a girl by an other’s reading of projected codes, much like the surface of a mirror reﬂects what and how we see into it. The shape of something like girl is managed from the outside through the participation and interaction of cultural forces on her margins. As the notion of performativity can be a powerful tool for conﬁguring the unexamined yet ubiquitous surface of gender, we think it is a great vehicle through which to experience works that interrogate the gendered practices of girls. The five artworks featured here are compelling examples "Prosthesis" by Nikki Moore from our curatorial experiment. Jamie Wallace’s Paper Doll, located in the Multiplicity Tour, is an excellent example of gender performativity and the girl. With the exception of her face, this girl is actually comprised entirely of paper dolls. She reveals that girl is indeed comprised of a series of gestures bound and connected by tabs to form a mutable whole. P r o s t h e s i s by N i k k i Moore elucidates the usevalue relation between a white girl and the Man. Her long shapely legs made of numerous gesturing hands, tiled or paned parts separated and disabled from their wholes, are things she learns to view as tradable commodities.
Natalie Doonan’s "Mexicana"
Overwhelmed by Mary Nangah comes from the Colony Tour. The painting reveals the exacting toll racist standards of beauty have on of girls of color, as long blonde hairs bind and suffocate a brown girl body in its natural state. The ﬁnal two selections are both from the Hybrid Tour. One of the most disputed terms in postcolonial studies, “hybridity” commonly refers to “the creation of new transcultural forms within the contact zone produced by colonization.” Girl as hybrid crossbreeds herself. She takes disparate elements from her encounters with and subjections to the regime of the feminine in order to order her capacities of becoming. Natalie Doonan’s Los Mexicanos project interrogates and reinvents eighteenth-century “Casta Painting.” Instead of identifying and naming people according to their castes, Doonan allows these Mexcian girls to self-identify, to mark their descendencies, to claim the nation state as marker of personal identity, b ot h o r n e i t h e r. I n t h i s example, the girl names herself “Mexicana.” Girl is most often identiﬁed with the softer side of the feminine. Jean Rim’s plush sculpture Tied Up highlights the consequences of this Jean Rim’s "Tied Up" association. The Doll Revolt will open another round of submissions in the near future. We also hope to take our beta version of the website to a whole new girly level in next year’s update. Please stop by and leave us some feedback. Visit: www.dollrevolt.org
By Sue V. Rosser, Dean Ivan Allen College at Georgia Tech
On Sunday morning, June 25, the pain from the foot surgery I had undergone earlier in the week caused me to wake up early, so I got up and read my email. The subject line, “Terrible News” caught my attention immediately. A feminist colleague in computer science had sent me the e-mail about Denice Denton’s death the day before when she had jumped from the roof of a tall building in San Francisco where she had shared an apartment with her partner. My colleague’s e-mail simply said, “This is awful. You knew her, didn’t you?” I read the beginning of the article, “U.C. Santa Cruz Chancellor Jumps to her Death in S.F.” in the San Francisco Chronicle: “UC Santa Cruz Chancellor Denice Denton, apparently despondent over work and personal issues, died Saturday after she jumped from the roof of a 42-story San Francisco apartment building, police said. Denton’s partner, Gretchen Kalonji, has an apartment in the building, property records show. Denton, a well-regarded engineer, had been named this spring in a series of articles examining UC management compensation. She had been criticized for an expensive university-funded renovation on her campus home, and for obtaining a UC administrative job for Kalonji.” (http://sfgate.com/2006/06/24) Suddenly, a ﬂood of memories interrupted. Conferences, grants, and publications about women, science, and engineering had brought Denice and me together many times over the last decade: The meeting in Montreal on retaining women in engineering where we had ﬁrst met, the WEPAN workshop in D.C., the numerous ADVANCE PI meetings, the January 14, 2005 Conference at Harvard where Larry Summers delivered his now infamous remarks, and the meeting at the National Academies in December, 2005. I thought especially about the last time I had seen her, in February, 2006 in St. Louis at the AAAS Meeting. She had walked into the session where several of us, including her former colleagues from the University of Washington where she had served as PI on the grant, were presenting the results of our multi-million dollar NSF ADVANCE grants to further the careers of women in science and engineering. She put her hands on my shoulders, and when I turned, I was surprised to see her and a bit worried about how she looked. When I asked how she was, she indicated not so great, that she had just had an ovarian cyst removed and that the situation she faced at UC Santa Cruz continued to be rocky. Since I had to present next, we couldn’t talk further, and she indicated she had to leave to catch her plane. Although we agreed to talk soon, I never picked up the phone to make that call. Denice Denton was known not only for her outstanding accomplishments as an engineer, but equally for her commitment to diversity, especially for helping women and minorities advance in the ﬁeld of science. Having experienced gender bias in her own career, she spoke out continually against bias and discrimination. She was among the ﬁrst to speak out against Larry Summers when he questioned women’s scientiﬁc abilities. The author of nearly 100 scholarly journal articles, book chapters, and conference papers, Denice earned her B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research was in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) as an enabling technology, particularly in life sciences applications. She also worked in the arena of transformational change in higher education. She began her career at the University of Wisconsin– Madison in 1987, leaving as professor in the Departments of Electrical & Computer Engineering and Chemistry to become Dean of the College of Engineering and Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Washington (UW), the ﬁrst woman to hold such a position at an NRC-designated Research One university. Denice became the ninth chancellor of the University of California, Santa Cruz on February 14, 2005. At her death, Dr. Denton was a current member of the President’s Committee to select recipients of the National Medal of Science, and the committee to select recipients of the A. T. Waterman Award sponsored by the National Science Foundation. She was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Association for Women in Science, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. She was a member of the National Science Foundation Engineering Directorate Advisory Committee and a member of the Visiting Committee for the California Institute of Technology Division of Engineering and Applied Science. Formerly, she served as chair of the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (NAS/NRC) Board on Engineering Education. Among many other prestigious appointments, she was a member of the NRC Committee on Advanced Materials and Fabrication Methods for Microelectromechanical Systems and of MIT’s Advisory Board for Initiatives to Diversify the Professoriate.
A MEMORIAL TRIBUTE
In addition to numerous engineering and science awards, she earned an international reputation for effective advocacy supporting access to science, math, and engineering opportunities for women and minorities. In May 2004, Denton was among nine scholars honored by the White House with a Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Mentoring, recognizing her role as a major leader in enhancing diversity in science and engineering. She had been selected to receive the Maria Mitchell Women in Science Award for 2006, a prestigious national recognition of exceptional work that advances opportunities in the sciences for women and girls. Denise Denton We are all grappling to understand how such a wonderful engineer, leader, and feminist who had contributed so much during the 46 short years she lived and who had tremendous potential, could have died in this way. Fellow chancellor Carol Tomlinson-Keasey at the University of California,
In addition to numerous prestigious engineering and science awards, she earned an international reputation for effective advocacy supporting access to science, math, and engineering opportunities for women and minorities.
Merced had this view of the challenges Denton faced: “She was a gay woman who was a chancellor and an engineer,” she said in an interview. “You know that she came through some pretty difﬁcult times, as many people who are breaking down barriers did.” As I read the letter sent by President Donna Shalala to be read by Alice Agogino at the memorial service held at UC-Santa Cruz, the quotation President Shalala included from the closing address that Denice had delivered at the Convocation at the National Academies last December really hit home:
" I ’m g o i n g t o o f fe r yo u a s et o f recommendations that will cost you nothing but courage. They can also be used more broadly well beyond the hallowed halls, and thus impact the ‘cross-institutional interlock,’ or as I would say as an electrical engineer, ‘the system.’ First of all, we should have zero tolerance for bullying behavior. It should not be acceptable in the workplace or anywhere else. If you are an academic leader, you should confront faculty and others who are abusive to students, staff and other faculty, particularly senior faculty. Tenure is not a license to kill. There are limits to acceptable behavior in the academy. How many of you have seen on an academic campus, senior people with tenure over and over abuse people who are lower than them in the power structure, and nobody ever does anything? Why does that happen? Why do we let that happen? It’s unacceptable. If you have issues with dealing with conﬂict and you are an academic leader, take a class. Get help. Seek support. People don’t want to confront each other. But we have to. It’s our job. It’s in the position description. We can learn from conﬂict. We do learn from conﬂict. Confront people’s biases. When biases come out if you’re an academic leader or anything else, confront people’s bias. And here is another one, and this is not a popular one, but I’m just throwing it in there. Support your local senior feminist colleagues, male and female. It’s lonely at the top.” (www.ucsc.edu/administration/ denice_denton/agogino_remarks.asp)" Last December, Denice had inspired me when I heard those words. I had focused on colleagues and situations at my own institution. In retrospect, I wished very much that I had understood that Denice was also articulating her own needs and feelings. We have lost a wonderful friend, colleague, and advocate for women in science and engineering. We must remember to support each other as feminists, scientists, and academic leaders so that we are less lonely.
A FEMINIST PERSPECTIVE ON BODY WORLDS
By Cynthia G. Norton, Endowed Professor in the Sciences Professor of Biology and Women’s Studies, College of St. Catherine
I recently attended Gunther von Hagens’ Body Worlds Exhibit at the Science Museum of Minnesota with several colleagues. As a scientist, I expected to be awed by the beauty and complexity of the human body. And I was awed – the unusual dissections, the portraits of organs in health and disease, the sheer number and variety of specimens. These bodies, devoid of their skin, for the most part, afforded us the opportunity to explore the orientation and relative size of organs, the articulation of muscles, bones and connective tissue, the intricacies of the neural pathways that allow us to move, react, and think, and to learn how disease may alter form and function. As a biologist, I have viewed a few cadavers, but had never seen such detail, nor had the opportunity to look so closely at the individual variation evident in the many different bodies. The exhibit was enhanced by inspirational quotes about life, death, and bodies, and banners with historical anatomical drawings and artwork. What I didn’t expect was that my feminist sensibilities would kick in and propel me to address the sexual stereotypes about women’s bodies that, even if not intended, are perpetuated by this exhibit. There we were, already in the second main area of the exhibit, and I found myself asking “Where are the women?” Most of the bodies we had seen were clearly male (even the Teacher) – but even those without the prominent display of genitalia were all male as conﬁrmed by the less than 90° angle of the pubic bone. Twelve out of twelve so far. Well, maybe most of the bodies donated were male...that could explain it. But even the quotes on the walls were from men – Shakespeare, Goethe – and the anatomical drawings were of males too. Then we rounded the corner to the display of the cardiovascular system – ﬁnally a woman, all cut up (Sagittal Series), but a female nonetheless. Then around the corner to the ﬁrst easily identiﬁable female – but she is not alone, she is the mother in the Blood Vessel Family, and it’s all about her heart and life’s blood. I wondered if we would ever get to see a woman with muscles? Past Frontal 3-D Slice, Jumping Dancer, Ring Gymnast, and Organ Man. Then ﬁnally to the area in which the focus was on reproductive organs... ahh, here were the women – as usual, deﬁned by their reproductive organs. In fact, the ﬁrst woman with musculature that we encountered was the fairly non-descript Standing Woman in a demure pose with open abdomen, missing a stomach and intestines but clearly showing us the organs which have traditionally deﬁned her – uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes, and only these – in the pelvic cavity. And behind her on the wall a banner showing much the same image from perhaps 3-400 years ago: a woman in a demure pose, pony tail lilting, with only her abdominal cavity dissected, as if this was the only internal area of signiﬁcance. At the entrance to the Embryonic and Fetal Development room was another banner; this one was particularly familiar as it is an image I’ve shown to my students for many years to illustrate how female bodies were historically portrayed to indicate the essential and often exclusively valued role of women as mothers, bearers of children. A woman in a modest pose, one hand covering her breast, and one her genitalia, surrounded by placentas and embryos. A classic representation of the idea that a woman is deﬁned by her reproductive organs; an image linked to the pervasive theory that women were incapable of using their brains without harm done to the uterus. Is this a fitting image to introduce the subject of prenatal development in Archer (front) 2006? I had anticipated viewing the next body with reverence and fascination. A woman, knowing she might die before delivery, had donated her body and that of her unborn child. For a biologist who studies reproduction and has taught all aspects of pregnancy, embryonic and fetal development, this seemed a generous gift – so how is it that the anatomist has posed this woman in a seductive pose typical of a Goya or Titian painting? Although von Hagens says of the Reclining Pregnant Woman, “[the] body language of this pose fundamentally differs from a lascivious provocation in which the head would be thrown back and the eyes would be enticingly trained on the viewer” – the Gestalt image is that of the seductress, subtleties aside, and left me
A FEMINIST PERSPECTIVE ON BODY WORLDS
asking what message this sends to the thousands of visitors who have viewed this exhibit. In the last exhibit area there were three more women plastinates – all athletes – but surprisingly all with skin left on their nipples and breasts – as if these structures needed highlighting. The poses are all quite ‘feminine’; the pointed toe on The Archer, the graceful backbend of The Balance Beam Gymnast, and the attitude of the woman in the Figure Skating Pair – with a gynecologist’s eye view of her vulva – the only other part of her body where the skin remained. These images are in stark contrast to the athletic prowess inherent in the stances of The Hurdler and The Blocking Goalkeeper. The bodies of these three female athletes were plastinated in 2005 and 2006, so perhaps we will see more equity in numbers of whole body plastinates in future exhibits – but for this venue, the disparity remains.
Kneeling Lady (front)
Pictures used by permission © Body Worlds http://www.bodyworlds.com
Gunther von Hagens has missed the opportunity to celebrate the strength and beauty of the female body, to dispel instead of perpetuate the stereotype of woman as womb, and to educate the public about the art and science of the human body in a nonsexist way. As he says, in the catalog prepared for the exhibition, “[d]isplaying these specimens in realistic, life-like poses carries on the tradition begun by the founding fathers of anatomy”. Unfortunately, by his choices of position and representation, he has also carried on their tradition of gender bias.
REPRESENTATIONS OF FEMINISM
By Dawna Cosme, NWSA Special Projects Intern 2006
as they should due to their well-tended Although Sojourner Truth declared, journey. “ain’t I a woman,” and the past world White female students appear to be of feminism harkened to her voice, her personally escorted down the feminist words resonate within today’s academic road and up to the women’s studies altar of world of feminism, yet go unheard. acceptance, advanced by the very people Feminism has grown globally, and who embrace and uphold feminist doctrine though we are milestones ahead in in all of its glory. recognizing and appreciating women in Once advanced into the world beyond their diversity, some voices aren’t being academia, because she was included, heard, some truths aren’t being spoken, nurtured and made visible by our leaders, some faces aren’t being represented. NWSA Summer Interns Elizabeth Curtis & Dawna the white woman often continues to Those voices, those truths, those faces, Cosme wtih NWSA Ofﬁce Staffer Reba Davis experience great personal and ﬁnancial belong to the black woman. success. It is this success, this very imitation of racist society, which Recently, I accepted a great opportunity to work as an intern for feminist theory and doctrine wish to escape. Yet, while the white the National Women’s Studies Association. I am a recent graduate of woman is made visible, promoted to the higher echelons of feminist the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, with a major in writing society, the black woman is left wondering what happened to the and a minor in women’s studies. These experiences allowed me to ﬁnely-tuned doctrine witnessed during her academic career within bear direct witness to the face of multiculturalism, as it was made women’s studies. The testimony she frequently heard regarding manifest in its various forms. feminism has momentarily vanished. Speaking with the few other black women who move within the It is within the proposed safety of the women’s studies circle women’s studies circle, one will discover that they, myself included, that the black woman hopes to ﬁnd her location. What she ﬁnds are yearning for representation, yearning for both a voice and face in reality is that the nectar is not as sweet as the promised fruit. they can claim for their own. Too often our academic leaders, a A contradiction exists between the spoken word and its practical majority of whom are white, speak eloquently about the unmet application. That old saying, “practice what you preach,” quickly needs and the rights of all women, including the obligation that comes to mind when viewing women’s studies departments. These women of all races have to one another. When the time comes to unfortunate experiences for the black woman, unlike the white translate ideas into action, our leaders can fail to put those words woman’s fortunate ones, may be a result of our academic leaders’ into practice. desire to have themselves mirrored in the women’s studies circle. Observing the academic environment one soon discovers If this observation proves authentic, that feminism continues to that, while much-discussed, diversity is not the actual picture that appear consistently white, then feminism in that location fails to appears. What does appear are the familiar white faces that the exist. It is something other than feminism and should be identiﬁed black woman witnesses in society on a daily basis. as such. The paved road to feminist empowerment and leadership When it comes to feminist practices and women’s studies circles, is mostly trod upon by the white female majority and made the sky has to be the limit. Let us settle for nothing less. Black possible through the efforts of our academic leaders, intentional people in general understand either waiting for what is rightfully or otherwise. These young, white women are continually nurtured theirs or for justice; we have a very long history that has prepared us and their abilities or talents fostered and encouraged, as they well. I was told by a trusted and kind woman that the black female continue toward becoming an essential part of the larger feminist voice and face were, “coming in the pipelines.” My response to community. this statement is, “Does anyone have Drano?” They become highly visible to the larger academic world, and exhibit an almost natural comfortableness with their new location,
THIS IS WHAT A FEMINIST (INTERNSHIP) LOOKS LIKE
By Elizabeth M. Curtis, NWSA Special Projects Intern 2006 What does a feminist internship look like?
Many Women’s Studies programs at both the undergraduate and graduate level require practicum courses or programs that focus on experiential learning in the work place. Using my NWSA internship as an example, I will outline the major components that create a feminist internship experience from my point of view. Recognizing that there are many feminisms, I propose ﬁve guidelines that can be utilized by students who wish to identify feminist-friendly internships and by organizations hoping to offer feminist-focused internships.
a project that they are passionate about. To get the most out of your intern and to allow your intern to get the most out of his/her experience, allow interns to design their own projects. An ofﬁce procedures manual that Dawna compiled was a major innovation in NWSA office operations. My ongoing teaching resources collection (www.nwsaconference.org/WOSTsyllbi_page1.html) will provide a valuable resource for NWSA members. Both of these projects allowed Dawna and me to apply our skills and lead a major organizational initiative.
4. Provide opportunities for career advancement.
For many students, internships serve as a stepping-stone to other professional opportunities. From resume review to career counseling, NWSA staffers focused on helping its interns contemplate our next career moves. Allison invited Dawna and me to attend networking meetings with other women’s organizations in the Washington metro-area and these meetings provided us with valuable contacts. We attended programs that were dedicated to women’s careers, such as the Feminist Majority Foundation’s Taking the Lead: From Campus to Congress series or the Woodhull Institute for Ethical Leadership’s Young Women’s Retreat.
1. Establish a work environment in which interns are integrated members of the organization’s team.
Jokes about interns being buried under envelopes that need to be stuffed highlight some of the occupational hazards of interning. The most satisfying internship experiences – for both organizations and interns – are those that incorporate interns into the organization’s larger mission. For example, I understood that my contribution as a staffer at the NWSA conference was important to the organization. After the conference ended, I worked with my fellow intern Dawna Cosme, to create a report summarizing the conference evaluations that was circulated to the NWSA board of directors and which will guided plans for next year’s conference.
5. Show appreciation for the valuable contribution that interns make to your organization.
Internships often end anticlimactically. Interns get lost in their course work at the end of the semester or they disappear as they relocate to their home or college towns. Setting aside the time to celebrate the end of an intern’s tenure is an important recognition of the intern’s contributions to the organization. Further, when interns report positive experiences to their peers and highlight how respected they felt as employees, new interns will recruit themselves. We NWSA’ers enjoyed carrot cake and conversation at the end of the summer. I doubt that any of us would complain about this chance to hang out and to have fun as a team. Of course, interns and organizations can continue to be important resources to each other after internships ofﬁcially end. In my case, I have elected to continue working with NWSA the teaching resources collection. While I continue to contribute to NWSA initiatives, I know that NWSA will offer me an important resource after I complete my M.A. degree in May: references and letters of recommendation. For me, the above points illustrate what a feminist internship looks like. I look forward to continued conversation about how “feminist internships” can be deﬁned.
2. Consciously develop feminist mentoring relationships with interns.
Traditionally, career advancement often occurs through a “good old boys’ network” that creates a pipeline of opportunity. Although it is worthwhile to debate whether feminist communities want to replicate this model, feminist mentoring can play an equally important role in feminists’ future careers. All of the NWSA staffers were dedicated to me as a person and as an employee. For example, Allison Kimmich, the executive director, always took time to discuss career options with Dawna and me and arranged times for one-on-one chats over lunch or coffee. Director of Media and Technology Valda Lewis patiently taught me how to create an online web form. The effort different staff members put into my personal development motivated me and I know that my performance at NWSA improved because of this attention.
3. Allow interns to develop their own projects based on the personal expertise they bring to your organization.
Everyone produces better work when they are working on
STICKS AND STONES: A STORY ABOUT NAME CALLING, GENDER, AND LEADERSHIP
By Mary Kirk Metropolitan State University
Mom taught me that “sticks and stones may break my bones, but words could never hurt me.” Unfortunately, mom was wrong. Healing from my one broken bone was easy, but recovering from the wounds left by words has been easier said than done. Pun intended. My most recent lesson on the power of words occurred at a week-long leadership academy with 54 university faculty and administrators. Our ﬁrst activity was to take the DiSC personality proﬁle. As a women’s studies teacher committed to ending systems of dominance/oppression, you can imagine my horror when I was labeled a D (for “dominator”). We were organized in groups by type and as the facilitator listed “D” characteristics—direct, decisive, authoritative, risk-taking, action-oriented, and eager to question the status quo—a series of ﬂashbacks ﬂickered across the movie of my mind. I remembered 3-year old friends calling me “bossy,” junior high school classmates telling me I was too pushy, and many work situations where I was criticized for being too direct, too action-oriented, or for just having “the tone.” Now, at 51, a tenured Associate Professor, ready to lead at my university, I was standing in the corner of shame next to the D that might as well have stood for “dunce.” I couldn’t have felt worse if I’d been crowned with a big pointed hat and seated on a stool in the corner while the class pointed and laughed. Little did I know, the laughter was coming. We began the next day watching short videos of workplace situations. The ﬁrst showed a woman who sounded exactly like me—an unequivocal D. The facilitator stopped the video and asked: “So, what letter is she?” A guy behind me said, “She’s a B—you know, for “bitch.” The room erupted in laughter. Another man added, “Yeah, and that tone wouldn’t exactly rock a baby to sleep.” I waited for the facilitator to step in. She didn’t. I began to physically shake from the adrenaline ﬁght or ﬂight response, and then I slithered my yellow belly out of the room. After ﬁnding a quiet place to reﬂect, I realized that I’d avoided leadership roles during my whole career because I was afraid of this kind of ridicule. Next, I reﬂected on an exercise that I use to help students understand institutionalized sexism. I give them two surveys (they think they’re getting the same one): one asks them to identify the characteristics of a “good leader” and the other asks them to identify the characteristics of “femaleness” or “maleness” as deﬁned by society. Each class reafﬁrms the painfully consistent correlation of “maleness” with what makes a “good leader.” Leaders (and “men”) are direct, determined, dominant, assertive, and taskoriented—all D-behaviors. But, “women” are none of these things. And, women can’t behave “like men” without it costing them. Sometimes the cost is the hearty laughter of a room full of peers. Then, I reﬂected on a book I had just read, Allan Johnson’s Privilege, Power and Difference. Johnson reminded me of the ways in which our daily interactions can hold the most power, especially when we collude in stereotyping by leaving it unchallenged. I knew that I had no choice but to ﬁnd a respectful way to challenge this stereotype. I returned to the group. As we broke for lunch, I introduced myself to the man who had called the D-woman a B and asked if I could speak with him. We went to an empty room across the hall—I didn’t want to shame him. Rationally and unemotionally (like a “man”), I explained the impact of the B-word on me and how that characterization makes it harder for other D-women to be leaders. His reply began with an angry defensive retort; so I stopped him, thanked him for listening, and left. There’s more to the story, but I’ll stop here and share what I learned from this painful encounter with words. I learned about the power of internalized sexism. I was reminded that for some of us the greatest damage of the “isms” does not lie in external inﬂuences; it lies in the harm we do to ourselves by believing these words, and internalizing false ideas about our identities, our possibilities. I went to this event to learn how to be a leader, but I discovered the ways in which I already am one. I believe that the best leaders facilitate the creation of communities of care, respect and appreciation, calling people to their highest selves. I realized that I am that kind of leader in my classrooms. With my students, I don’t allow my ancient emotional wounds to be engaged. I learned that I need to make that same brave, unemotional choice in communication with my peers. I must leave the old emotional baggage in the lost luggage section and ﬁnd new ways to open respectful dialog. Just as I do with my students, I must also be persistent. Just because someone doesn’t “get it” the ﬁrst time, doesn’t mean I should quit on them. Perhaps the most important lesson is one that I will keep learning again and again because it requires practice. Words do have tremendous power, but they only have the power that we choose to give them. I am a D—and that stands for durable.
NWSA JOINS MS. ACADEMIC PROJECT AND COMMITTEE OF SCHOLARS
NWSA Executive Director Allison Kimmich joined the first meeting of the Ms. Committee of Scholars in Washington, DC on Friday, September 29. The Committee has been established as part of the Ms. Academic Project to make the work of feminist scholars more visible and accessible to a wider audience through newsstands and campus bookstores. The Ms. Academic Project aims to use feminist research to create new magazine content and to respond to current social issues and policies. Ms. will offer a vehicle to give feminist scholars the voice they deserve and give Ms. readers information they can use. In fact, from its ﬁrst publication in 1971, Ms. has sought to translate academic research and knowledge for a broader audience, with the goal of creating informed readers and agents for social change. The meeting offered an overview of Ms. magazine and its website, covered possible topics for inclusion in the magazine or online, and discussed the Ms. classroom project, which offers a
special teaching package for faculty who wish to recent issues of Ms. in their women’s studies courses. The Ms. Committee of Scholars is intended to provide both formal and informal editorial input and feedback for Ms. magazine. The 17-member Committee is chaired by Bonnie Thornton Dill, chair of the Women’s Studies Department at the University of Maryland. If you would like to learn more about the Ms. Academic Project, the Committee of Scholars, or how you might contribute to the magazine, please contact Allison Kimmich at allison. firstname.lastname@example.org. Complete information about the Committee will soon be available at www.msmagazine.com.
The National Women’s Studies Association Joins the Informed Meetings Exchange (inmex)
By Catherine Orr NWSA National Conference Chair
The National Women’s Studies Association is pleased to announce that it has joined the Informed Meetings Exchange (inmex), an organization founded as an offshoot of the labor organization UNITE HERE to research, analyze and disseminate information about the global hotel industry so that its member organizations can make informed decisions about how and where their meeting and convention dollars are being spent. Membership in inmex will help to ensure that Association and members’ meeting dollars are being spent responsibly in working with hotel corporations that respect their customers and workers. NWSA joins more than 100 other organizations in subscribing to inmex; NWSA has already begun to use inmex resources as it negotiates future conference contracts, including strengthening language on labor practices and disputes. The Pheasant Run site of our 2007 meeting is a unionized hotel, as is the Millennium Hotel in Cincinnati, the proposed site of our 2008 meeting.
Here are some other factors NWSA considers when selecting a conference site: Size of Facility: With more than 1,000 participants, 24 breakout sessions daily, and a 75-booth exhibit hall, NWSA conferences require large hotel spaces with ample meeting and sleeping rooms. Local Support: NWSA relies upon an active local committee to provide intellectual, logistical, in kind, and direct support for its annual meetings. Accessibility: NWSA considers whether the site is accessible for members and participants with disabilities, and whether the site offers affordable eating and housing options for students and low income participants. Geographical Diversity: NWSA members are most likely to attend conferences when the meeting takes place within their region, thus the Association seeks to vary its meeting locations. Of course every meeting site has its strengths and weaknesses, but I hope I have offered some insight into how conference locations are selected. Please don’t hesitate to contact me at email@example.com with ideas or suggestions about future conference sites.
Established in 1977, NWSA is the leading national organization dedicated to advancing and promoting feminist education, scholarship, service, and community activism. NWSA is committed to ending racism and all forms of oppression.
Application for Individual Membership
(January 1-December 31, 2007)
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FAT STUDIES: NEW FIELD GETS INTRO AT NWSA CRITICAL ISSUES SESSION
By Marilyn Wann Fat Rights Activist, author, "FAT!SO!"
In just the last two years, the interdisciplinary field of fat studies has started to take shape, with important implications for women’s studies. Fat rights activists, people already doing fat studies work, and people new to the concept met at the NWSA conference last June for a critical session on fat politics. The session, called “Fat Politics: Becoming Conscious of—and Marilyn Wann leads the discussion Liberated from—Weight Prejudice,” was led by Sondra Solovay, JD; Matilda St. John, and me. Sondra Solovay is an attorney, founder of the FLARE project (Fat Legal Advocacy, Rights, and Education), author of Tipping the Scales of Justice: Fighting WeightBased Discrimination, and co-editor with San Diego State University women’s studies professor Esther Rothblum of a forthcoming anthology, The Fat Studies Reader. Matilda St. John, MFT, is a therapist who works from the Health At Every Size approach. With her writing partner Beth Bernstein, MFT, she contributes hardhitting articles about fat identity in the mainstream media to Bitch: a Feminist Response to Pop Culture. Matilda leads a fat women’s hiphop dance troupe called the Phat Fly Girls (part of Big Moves dance organization). I am a longtime fat rights activist, weight diversity speaker, and author of the book FAT!SO?—Because You Don’t Have to Apologize for Your Size! To establish a basic introduction to concepts in fat pride community, I began the session with the kind of diversity presentation I do on college campuses nationwide. First, we all said the F-word: fat. We talked about other terms commonly used to describe people who are larger than average and how these options are stigmatizing and/or medicalizing. “Overweight,” “obese,” and the possible euphemisms—plus-size, heavy, thick, chubby, husky, Rubenesque, etc.—all participate in negative assumptions about fatness. The F -word reclaims fat as a neutral descriptor (like short/ tall, young/old, fat/thin) and also functions in the community of resistance to weight prejudice as an identity of pride (regardless of what one weighs). Next, participants did Speed Anthropology, an exercise to brainstorm the concepts connected to fat and thin in mainstream American culture. On the thin side of the line, suggestions included terms like: happy, successful, attractive, in control, hungry, healthy, active, and good. On the fat side of the line, people suggested common associations such as: stupid, smelly, lazy, ugly, sexually undesirable, poor, unhealthy, and bad. After this brief but attention-grabbing picture of weight prejudice, Sondra Solovay then discussed the intersectionality of oppressions. When she was a student at UC-Berkeley’s Boalt Hall School of Law, Solovay could ﬁnd no professors willing to oversee her research on weight discrimination, except for a visiting professor in queer studies. Historically, the people who are likely to extend resources to new civil rights movements are those who have also needed to make a claim on existing academic and social institutions on their own issues. Participants made excellent observations about the crucial coalition between people doing women’s studies work and people doing fat studies work, the overlap between the two ﬁelds in terms of subject matter, and the ways that fat studies can challenge people in women’s studies to expand understanding of “the body” and of embodiment, and also to expand political consciousness. The ﬁeld of fat studies promises to make a contribution both to theoretical approaches to embodiment and to civil rights for people of all sizes. In both aspects, it is a true sister to the ﬁeld of women’s studies.
LIVING FEMINISM AT THE NWSA
By Jennifer Browdy de Hernandez Simon’s Rock College of Bard
Tuesday, June 20, 2006 Just back from a trip to northern California for the National Women’s Studies Association conference. The NWSA is the only national organization dedicated to Women’s Studies professors and Women’s Center directors, and for me it was exhilarating to be in such hardy feminist company for a few days. Being an "out" feminist is often a lonely post, and women’s studies is hardly the most admired academic discipline, so to feel the power of numbers and solidarity was deﬁnitely invigorating. The conference opened with the keynote from Rebecca Walker, Alice Walker’s beautiful young daughter, author of the anthology To Be Real, the very ﬁrst "Third Wave" anthologies of the 1990’s, and Black, White and Jewish, a memoir of growing up bi-racial, bi-coastal, and bi-cultural in the 1980’s. Rebecca is a practicing Buddhist (she named her son Tenzin, after the Dalai Lama), and in good Buddhist fashion she did not give many answers, but she did pose some interesting questions. She posited that the feminist movement has been "plagued by divisiveness," and is now "stalled." Part of the blame, she said, is the movement’s "unhealthy success model," wherein "women who are successful politically are broken personally." It is crucial to the movement that: • feminism be inclusive • men be brought in as visible strategists • leadership be dispersed and democratic • activists maintain healthy family ties Each of these points names a familiar problem of the feminist movement over the years. The NWSA itself has long been criticized by women of color for not being inclusive enough. The question of how to bring men in effectively as allies remains unsolved. There is a tendency in the feminist movement, as in many other movements, to gravitate around a celebrity "star," and give up individual agency in the spell of her orbit. And Rebecca Walker, as a "movement child" who criticized her own parents pretty harshly in her memoir
Opening Keynote, with Rebecca Walker
for their neglect of family in favor of political engagement, came out strongly on the ﬁnal point: that "children cannot survive on political theory." Walker’s advice for how to address these issues was unsatisfying for many in the audience. She was criticized for focusing too much on the biological family; several women stood up to argue that the biological family needs to be redeﬁned, that ties of afﬁliation (the family we choose, rather the one we were born into) are at least as important as biological ties. Walker stood her ground. "We have become too invested in not talking about the power of the biological family," she said. "The deconstructed family can be over-idealized." As she went on, Walker injected a note of urgency to her speech, which was largely delivered verbatim, without reliance on notes. "I’m very concerned about the survival of humanity, and about the survival of what makes us human--compassion," she said. "The feminist movement is behind the times now, we need a true visionary plan of action to make us relevant again. And it’s important to focus on the children or we’re going to lose them, as we are losing them now." Drawing on the work of her mentor bell hooks, whom she invoked several times, Walker argued for a position of "radical openness" to new ideas, and a focus on results. "We must assume Continued on pg 36
LIVING FEMINISM AT THE NWSA
Continued from pg 35 responsibility for communicating our agenda, and own our power to create language that will have the impact we want," she said. She suggested that feminists focus on "communicating with people outside our rariﬁed environment," in strong, accessible language that will help us "reach the Baptists in Arkansa — that’s who we need to reach." At the other end of the conference, and in an entirely different register, was the talk given by M. Jacqui Alexander, the dynamic Black Caribbean feminist now teaching at the University of Toronto. Alexander’s talk, delivered in an incantatory style that had the audience roaring with appreciation, focused on the speciﬁcs of our political moment, and how feminists need to respond. "U.S. feminists have been neglectful in taking on the state," Alexander asserted. "Do we want a free-market feminism, or a liberatory feminism? The real question is, since we know that there is no theory that is not autobiography, are we prepared to live differently?" This question echoed Walker’s focus on "living feminism," but where Rebecca talked about giving time to her child, Alexander’s talk was dedicated to the bigger picture. "Who should be the subjects of feminism? The most marginalized — that is to say, the lives of most of the people in the world," Alexander insisted. "We don’t have to rescue Third World women, or use them as case studies— we need solidarity, and it doesn’t happen behind our desks." Alexander picked up on the remarks of an earlier speaker, Native American activist Andrea Smith, who described American higher education as "the academic industrial complex." "Are we going to continue to disappear into detention centers in Women’s Studies?" Alexander demanded. "And what about the militarized zones inside ourselves? Who is denied entry there? "The academic industrial complex requires a profound silence that it deﬁnes as collegiality," she said to loud applause. "The question is, what are the costs? We chase citizenship and entry at institutions that want to deny us entry," she continued, alluding quietly to her own unsuccessful battle for tenure at The New School in New York. "We can be disappeared instantaneously on our own campuses. The constant potential for disappearance should not make us disappear others, and we should not disappear ourselves. "The question we need to ask ourselves is, what kind of patriot are you going to be?" Alexander concluded by calling for what she called a "poetics of landscape," in which feminists "tell the stories of our lives, in order to create habitable spaces where the analytic, the political and the divine can all mingle. We need to allow ourselves to be moved sufﬁciently to act," she said. "We need to lay siege to Empire — to shame it, to mock it, and ultimately to transform it with the ﬁery power of our own stories." Taken together, Walker and Alexander re-validated the longstanding feminist mantra that "the personal is political." We cannot "do politics" in the world without starting at home--home deﬁned both as our own families and communities, and our nation in the global community. At the very last plenary session of the conference, Julia Sudbury, a young Black transnational feminist whose personal trajectory has taken her from Nigeria, to London, the U.S., Canada and back again to Mills College in Oakland CA, gave a rousing talk about the dangers of Empire, at home and abroad. Discussing the "transnational military Julia Sudbury prison industrial complex," she decried "penal warehousing" as a means of dealing with unemployed youth, with $60 billion a year spent on prisons in the U.S. alone. "We need to remind ourselves that all social justice issues are feminist issues," she said. "Our task as Women’s Studies teachers is to engage students as agents of resistance, here, where they are. We need to challenge them to understand their position in Empire, and translate their anger into action." Interestingly, Sudbury ended on the same note as Alexander did: invoking the spiritual as part and parcel of the political. "Bringing the sacred into political vision is a transgressive act today," she said. "We can’t abandon the language of the sacred to the state-sanctioned religions. We need to come out spiritually as radical political people, to our students and to others. We don’t have to leave ourselves at the classroom door." All I can say to that is--Amen! For more blogs from Dr. Jennifer Browdy de Hernandez Visit the Crossroads "Where women worldwide meet to share ideas, perspectives, and wisdom." http://www.womenscrossroads.blogspot.com
REFLECTIONS ON REBECCA: ‘OPENNESS’ AND NWSA
By Jessica Nathanson Augustana College
Rebecca Walker’s keynote speech at NWSA this year may live on in my memory as the oddest moment I’ve ever had at an NWSA conference. She had a large audience, and we were all eager to hear her, but her talk – and our response – was disastrous. It was not because her comments were not always well-matched to their audience. It was only partially due to her manner of delivery. What stands out to me as especially worthy of note is the way in which we as an audience responded to her and what that says about the message she came to impart. In the days following her talk, I found that I spent a lot of time talking about it with others. Everyone was angry, most at Walker, but a good-sized minority was angry at NWSA members for their failure to hear what she was trying to say. Walker did not give an academic presentation. I hasten to point out that I don’t believe she should necessarily have had to. But her approach to the presentation was markedly different than the audience expected it to be. On the one hand, it was reasonable to expect that Walker would have prefaced her talk so that NWSA members, a known contentious and demanding bunch (and I certainly include myself in this description), would have understood how she was framing her ideas. On the other hand, it is striking that the professional organization of feminist scholars and activists would hear a different cultural approach to a keynote and react immediately, not with surprise or curiosity or an attempt to understand, but with defensiveness, anger, and resistance. Ultimately, while we have reason to be disappointed in what was a talk without much substance and a speaker unable or unwilling to apply her theory of “openness” to real-life examples (other than her example of the audience listening to her with an open mind), our response to her talk illustrated the very resistance to new ideas and to remaining open to each other of which she spoke. Walker’s presentation was an example of the Buddhist principle of “skillful speech.” In skillful speech, all speech is mindful. There are no unnecessary words. There is repetition and there are pauses to allow for reﬂection. There is a focus on dialogue rather than on a speaker presenting knowledge to listeners (and Walker spoke to this at the beginning of her talk). I suspect that, had a Buddhist nun given a similar presentation, the audience would have listened with more willingness to reach across the gap between the academy and this “other.” There would have been a basic element of respect there and a willingness to think in new ways. Such a response is
not dependent on the listener being a Buddhist or believing in god (most Buddhists don’t), as some have argued when I’ve shared these thoughts. Rather, it is simply dependent upon listening with an open heart and a desire to understand (“deep listening”). Yes, as feminists and as women, our anger is important. It sustains us. We feel entitled to it. But when we approach every interaction with “others” braced for anger, ready to ﬁnd fault, expecting to be erased, then we cannot listen. Instead, we “read” Walker through what we knew of her and we misinterpreted her approach: she was lazy. She wasn’t prepared. She was high. As I have said, there were certainly problems with her talk. In addition to being an unusual presentation for an academic audience, her talk lacked depth, and she seemed to be unfamiliar with some of the concepts she mentioned. For instance, her discussion of deconstruction was simplistic – she made the old joke about taking apart ideas until there was nothing left to believe in – and it was faulty. After all, she was, in fact, asking us as her audience to deconstruct our feminist politics, but her own understanding of deconstruction was not nuanced enough for her to recognize this connection. Likewise, her discussion of pregnancy, birth, and motherhood, too, was superﬁcial. It reminded me of others, such as Madonna and Naomi Wolf, who, after experiencing birth, have Continued on pg 38
Continued from pg 37 been so overwhelmed by it that they believe they’ve discovered something new. (Perhaps it was her vagueness in discussing these topics that led some to misunderstand her as saying that we should have babies instead of PhDs, that biological families are better than non-biological ones, that women are responsible for the success/failure of their intimate relationships. But what I heard was far more feminist. I heard her say that we should think of PhDs as healthy daughters (the notion of giving birth to a creative and intellectual being/work). I heard her urge us to acknowledge the unique and powerful bond of biology, not to imply that any other bonds are inferior, but simply to name and claim one aspect of women’s experience that feminism has often downplayed (as Andrea O’Reilly stated in her plenary talk the following day, to positive response). And ﬁnally, I heard her argue that we should focus on our intimate relationships as much as we focus on our work, not because we, as women, are responsible for making these relationships work, but because we are social animals and we need to be in relationship and in community with others.) But what I think is most important in understanding why we reacted the way we did is the fact that Walker is a celebrity feminist. In academic circles – let’s be honest – we don’t like celebrity feminists. We live and think in a more critical world than they do (I’m not dismissing the critical theory that comes from lived experience, nor do I suggest that only highly theorized feminism should count in the academy). Often underappreciated for our own work, we also resent the money and fame that attends celebrity feminism. Further, we come out of a context of feminism as community, and to see a few individuals emerge as “leaders” – and not even the individuals we might have chosen as our leaders – is equally frustrating. To make matters worse, Walker positioned herself as the savior of feminism, reminding us that she had “sounded an alarm ﬁfteen years” earlier about the need to move beyond “divisiveness” in the women’s movement. She had warned us at that time that an enormous backlash would follow if we could not pull together. Fifteen years later, then, Walker was here to say, “I told you so,” unfairly blaming feminists for everything from the election of President Bush to the rollback of abortion rights. The problem with Walker’s presentation of the last ﬁfteen years of feminism is that her critique of divisiveness as a dangerous political strategy was not original. As just one example, the body of work theorizing identity politics has frequently engaged this very idea. And Women’s Studies – the teaching arm of the feminist movement, let’s remember – had already begun, at the time of Walker’s essay, to integrate men and men’s studies into the curriculum, in part because of the political reality of which she spoke. So, at the time of her warning, many of us felt both glad that Walker was spreading this message but also annoyed that she was so clearly unaware of the current state of the feminist movement. Not an academic, she did not follow (then or now) our profession’s expectation that she point to others already doing this work and originating these ideas. Still, I believe that her message was valuable, if ﬂawed. As feminists, we don’t have to agree – and I’m not sure that I want us to. I like the intense and the sincere debates that we have with each other and the way our differences can push us always to be more critical, more expansive in our thought. But it is crucial that we hear and really understand each other rather than simply dismiss each other as fuddy-duddy second wavers, ignorant and disrespectful third wavers, antisex, or apolitical. Deep listening is not essential simply to help us work together to move past the backlash. It is essential so that we can understand what our differences are, so that we can ﬁgure out how we can work in coalition around these differences. Some of us went to hear Walker hoping to ﬁnd the critical edge that has frequently been missing in prominent third-wave scholarship but present in our conversations with other third-wavers; others of us went to ﬁnd out what the heck third-wave feminism was to begin with. What we found instead was unsettling, a moment of disconnection between celebrity and academic feminism, between the waves, between deep listening and deep anger. We are, as she told us, “behind time”; we must think “way outside the box.” It was in this moment that we found the energy and the strength and the provocation to keep talking and talking for days. It is out of these moments that we begin the dialogues that keep us moving forward.
BUILDING AN ANTI-IMPERIALIST FEMINIST DEMOCRACY IN THE BELLY OF THE BEAST
By Sanjukta Ghosh Castleton Vermont State College
I n t h e i r s we e p i n g a n d g ra n d p o l i t i c o - p h i l o s o p h i c treatise Empire, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri argue that imperialism in its classical sense has almost disappeared today. In its place a new empire has emerged, one that is diffused and decentred, incorporating the entire globe. The economics of globalization, Hardt and Negri assert, is at the center of this new imperialist project. How can we resist empire within our own localized politics? Zillah Eisenstein and Julia Sudbury In her presentation titled “Globalized Punishment, U.S. Empire and the Challenge of Actvist Scholarship” Julia Sudbury provides us with a framework to do just that. Speaking at the 2006 NWSA plenary session on “Empire, Global Political Conﬂicts, & Resistance,” Sudbury said that a truly anti-imperialist framework should make visible simultaneously the devastation wrought by empire both “there” and “here.” This trope of linking the local to the global was threaded through her entire talk whether the reference was to the privilege of our locations, the military industrial prison complex or teaching Women’s Studies. Sudbury said one of the chief challenges to Women’s Studies had been the recent use of patriotism as xenophobia. This, she argued, justiﬁed military aggression and assassinations abroad and political repression and racial proﬁling at home. Problematizing the “national,” she said the term had been invoked by the current administration to rationalize the invasion of other countries or impose a system of global apartheid through borders, as in the phrase “national security” and “national economic interests.” In other words, in the age of empire, “national” had become a codeword for imperial. Sudbury urged scholars and activists within the National Women’s Studies Association to rid the word of its imperial connotations by becoming traitors of empire. By engaging in antiracist and anti-imperialist struggles in the very heart of empire we could become both national as well as race traitors, she asserted. She called for a dismantling of feminist theory, pedagogy or praxis that does not attempt to remove U.S. women from the center stage. She said U.S. women should be seen and placed in a more proportionate relationship to women globally. Yet at the same time she cautioned us against decentering all U.S. women, for that would once again marginalize poor women, women of color and indigenous women here at home. Using what she said was Nawal el Sadaawi’s notion of linking the global to the local (though the term actually predates el Sadaawi’s use of it and going back to grassroots struggles in Malaysia), she urged feminist scholar-activists to always think of making connections between the devastation experienced by working class communities of color here and by people in the global South. Sudbury, whose previous work Global Lockdown challenged us to think beyond the limits of national borders to critique the role of race, citizenship, global capitalism and military occupation in the expansion of prison regimes, argued that cross-border capital was today engaged in the creation of a global gulag. The secret detentions, interrogations, disappearances and torture of hundreds of Muslim men in London, Canada, the U.S. and Guantanamo pointed to the evolution of a transnational military prison industrial complex. Building on Angela Davis’s inﬂuential work on the prison industrial complex, Sudbury reiterated that the process by which some people were warehoused as criminals was one of the chief ways in which global capital and U.S. empire had neutralized and disenfranchised communities of color and erased surplus workers. She said the symbiotic relationship between the state and the private sector translated prison expansion into corporate proﬁt, campaign donations and electoral victory. She reminded us that Continued on pg 40
BUILDING AN ANTI-IMPERIALIST FEMINIST DEMOCRACY IN THE BELLY OF THE BEAST
Continued from pg 39 the United States leads the world in incarceration globally. There are 200,000 women in prisons today up from 7,600 in 1970. Of these, two-thirds are women of color. This boom in locking people up in “penal warehouses” (a phrase more accurate than the commonly-used “correctional facility”), Sudbury argued, revealed the important relationship between incarceration, neo-liberal globalization and empire -- free trade for some had made others surplus to the needs of the global economy. Given the exponential growth of the prison system here and abroad, Sudbury identiﬁed the military industrial prison complex as a key site where students could engage in a “glocal” anti-imperialist struggle. By building solidarity with women behind bars and by politicizing their own experiences of criminal injustice, students could learn to bear witness to the domestic face of empire. Using Jacqui Alexander’s vision of a spirit-based politics and her idea of a pedagogy of “crossing over”(2005), she chastised “Western world of secular feminism” for eschewing the realm of the spirit. “We lose a great deal when we abandon the language of spirit to those who use it to justify violence and domination,” she added. Alexander’s directive for us to espouse a spirit-based politics came at NWSA’s 2004 conference where both she and one of the preeminent theorists of military and gender Cynthia Enloe spoke about women’s place in the new age of empire. At that plenary two years ago, Enloe told us that the abuses at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq needed a “feminist curiosity” and that such a curiosity was missing from the great texts on empire. Zillah Eisenstein’s presentation on “Sexual decoys in Imperial Democracy” is just the answer to Enloe’s clarion call for a “feminist curiosity.” Eisenstein’s main thesis is that the Bush Administration has deployed gender as a decoy for democracy. The war in Iraq, the sexual tortures in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo, and the sexual and racial conquests at this imperial moment all weave a revealing narrative about how gender has become a decoy. This argument rests on a distinction fundamental to women’s studies -- that between gender and sex. Building on the classic distinction between gender as cultural construct and sex as biological, Eisenstein argued that though sex and sexual preference are seen as more stable, static and pre-deﬁned than gender, it is perhaps gender that is more resistant to change. In other words, gender rigidiﬁes sex and it regulates biological sex and sexual preference. The body and sexuality is more multiple, ambiguous and diverse than the construct of gender allows, she added. Thus, neither sex nor gender are simply essentialist or constructed, but a complex relational mix. Gender, then, colonizes sex. It is this complex, nuanced argument about gender and sex that allowed Eisenstein to move into her next point about using the discourse of women’s rights for imperial goals. Both the Afghan and Iraq wars, she argued, were tied to initiatives about freeing women from abusive situations under the Taliban and Saddam Hussein. Human rights, and with them women’s rights, then were tied to the rationalization of globalization. Indeed, women’s rights have long been linked to Western democracy as a way of legitimizing this way of political organization for the rest of the world. But as a matter of fact it is masculinist militarism that uses women’s rights for its own right-wing agenda and fundamentalisms, Eisenstein stressed. Militarized masculinity needs a feminine gendered complement and each keeps the other in place. However, masculinist militarism can absorb femininity, but not those who defy gender differentiation. Because gender ﬂuidity is written on women’s bodies more often than on men’s, the process of re-gendering femininity is more common than the process of re-gendering masculinity. This means that women become more like men, but men do not become like women. This gives rise to the notion of female as decoy. Gender bending, particularly in terms of femininity creates women as decoys for democracy. As Eisenstein pointed out this anti-democratic war has a woman’s face — Karen Hughes, Condoleeza Rice, General Janice Karpinski etc. Women’s presence supposedly represents the Western notion of freedom and democracy while actually constructing the newest stage of U.S, imperialist politics, she argued. The war also uses people of color. Arab men become unmanly while anti-war activists become girlie men. Because imperial democracy is deﬁned by sexual and racial conquest, gendering becomes war in another form. Muslim men were described as being “sexually humiliated” in Abu Ghraib and white women were used to “pussywhip” these Muslim men. Eisenstein said men who were Continued on pg 45
MOTHERING AS RESISTANCE/ACTIVISM/SOCIAL CHANGE
Glynis Carr Bucknell University
Andrea O’Reilly and Gwendolyn Mink d e l i ve re d ro u s i n g plenar y addresses on the subject of mothering to a packed house at the National Women’s Studies Association Conference, Oakland CA, June 2006. Andrea O’Reilly is Associate Professor of Women’s Studies Andrea O'Reilly addresses the audience at York University, Canada, author or editor of several books, including Mother Outlaws (2004), Toni Morrison and Motherhood (2004), Motherhood (2005), and founder of the Association for Research on Mothering. O’Reilly began her talk with a quote from Adrienne Rich’s inﬂuential Of Woman Born, in which Rich describes herself as a “conspirator and an outlaw from the institution of motherhood.” O’Reilly analyzed the classic distinction made there by Rich between “motherhood” and “mothering,” a distinction elaborated by subsequent scholars of motherhood. “Motherhood” is a patriarchal institution that attempts to ensure that women’s reproductive potential and her relationship to her children remains under male control. “Motherhood” is thus a male-deﬁned site of oppression, while “mothering” is the experience of mothers which, when female-deﬁned and femalecentered, may be empowering to women. O’Reilly’s scholarship, she explained, is a response to Rich’s call for a theory and practice of empowered mothering, outlaw motherhood. We know more about what empowered mothering is not: it is not patriarchal motherhood. O’Reilly next sketched a history of dominant discourses and practices of mothering in the twentieth century, discourses against which women are measured, regulated, and pathologized. “Sacriﬁcial motherhood” emerged as the dominant notion of good mothering after WWII and was transformed into “intensive motherhood” by the late 1980s. Three ideas characterize sacriﬁcial motherhood: that mothering is natural to women and essential to her being; that the mother must be the central caregiver of her children and that children require full-time mothering; and that when mothers must work outside the home they should place a higher priority on their children than their work. “Intensive motherhood” incorporates all these aspects of sacrif icial motherhood as well as a new (consumerist) belief that to raise children requires extensive amounts of time, energy, and money. O’Reilly argued that intensive motherhood denies the agency, autonomy, authority, and authenticity of women and because it does so, it is bad for mothers, children, and society as a whole. In O’Reilly’s view, the discourse of intensive motherhood emerged during the late 1980s as a backlash narrative that functions to inhibit women psychologically and regulate women’s social role, for example by discouraging labor force participation. It is a patriarchal response to women’s increased economic and social independence, greater labor force participation, greater rates of divorce, improved education, and similar factors. O’Reilly’s work is designed to promote feminist models, theories, and practices of mothering. She is constructing a counternarrative of mothering that rests on the concept of empowerment of women as mothers. This mode of mothering, O’Reilly contends, positions mothers as agents, values the work of mothering, and recognizes that both mothers and children beneﬁt when mothers are empowered. When mothering is practiced in ways that increase the agency, autonomy, authority, and authenticity of women, mothering becomes a site for the practice of politics, a form of activism. Mothers can and do reclaim the powers denied them by patriarchal motherhood. Continued on pg 42
MOTHERING AS RESISTANCE/ACTIVISM/SOCIAL CHANGE
Continued from pg 41 Empowered mothers challenge the six attributes of intensive mothering. Empowered mothering can therefore be a cultural and political enterprise, a site of power from which women do affect change. Empowered mothering, O’Reilly concluded, is better for children. Gwendolyn Mink is the Charles N. Clark Professor of Women’s Studies at Smith College and author of numerous scholarly books including the award-winning Wages of Motherhood (1995) and Welfare’s End (1998). Her activism includes founding the Committee of 100, an organization ﬁghting for welfare justice. Mink’s talk was a call for a critique of welfare policy that would emphasize how current policy is both premised on the economic inequality of women and reinforces it. At the center of current policy is a notion of married fatherhood that provides a standard against which unmarried mothers are regulated. Single motherhood is blamed for a variety of social ills, while the theory and practice of “transgressive motherhood” has few champions. Brieﬂy sketching the history of welfare, Mink emphasized how recent government efforts to strip certain women of their rights and exploit their poverty have a long history at the intersection of race, class, and gender-based exploitations. Most of Mink’s talk, however, concerned policies developed since 1996, when Congress overhauled welfare policy. Increasingly, welfare and anti-poverty policies have persecuted teenage mothers, unmarried mothers, and welfare mothers, whose lives are seen as a dangerous deﬁance of so-called foundational social values. Whereas the welfare system was once designed to enable single parents to raise their children, its purposes now are to promote marriage and prevent non-marital childbearing. Mink emphasized that hostility to single mothers is broadly shared by Democrats and Republications. Single mothers are deﬁned by all as a social problem; no one afﬁrms that families headed by single mothers are good. Think tanks from left to right, from the Center for Law and Social Policy to the Heritage Foundation, produce studies touting marriage and repudiating women’s right to parent alone. Whether their arguments are ideological or instrumental, they all assert the simplistic equation that if single motherhood is the problem, married fatherhood is the solution. Current policy is characterized by a proliferation of pro-marriage initiatives that strip women of their rights and reward patriarchal families in which the father is major breadwinner, head of household, and moral center. Policy-makers do not ask about mothers’ preferences or needs in questions of whether and how to involve their child’s biological father. Instead, current policies assume that mothers’ legitimate concerns, such as domestic violence and their own social and economic inequality, are generally disruptive to society and speciﬁcally harmful to men as fathers. Mink exempliﬁed these theoretical issues with several detailed analyses, including the case of Head Start. Mink focused on Wade Horn’s revision of the federal Head Start bulletin in the wake of the 1996 legislation to instruct local centers to create father-friendly environments, for example, by retraining employees, mandating hiring of male employees, defeminizing the workplace (e.g, by removing posters that “target men as batterers”), and prohibiting negative informal conversations about men in the workplace. Mink explained how pro-patriarchal pro-fatherhood initiatives also reach beyond anti-poverty programs. Monies are being appropriated to help fathers in a variety of ways that are not available to mothers. Mink encouraged feminist scholars to ask a different set of questions about women and welfare, including why women are poor and why attitudes toward single mothers are so dramatically more hostile than attitudes toward single fathers. Feminist scholars must attend to distortions of studies that arise when women’s economic inequality is not adequately theorized. She cautioned against repeating the common analytic error of allowing marriage and fatherhood to stand in for time and money when children and their problems are studied. She wants us to consider what might happen if women had access to better jobs, more dependable welfare assistance, and high-quality affordable child care. Individuals must not be blamed for their own poverty, but current policy does just that, substituting a private man’s income for a public economic policy attentive to women’s needs. Finally, Mink said that our government commits inequality against women when it deﬁnes single mothers as a separate and subordinate caste and subjects women to policies that favor men and fathers. Married fatherhood promotion is a key element in our government’s plan to subordinate women. Premised on the mother’s social and economic inequality, it inevitably reinforces that inequality.
FEMINIST SCIENCE STUDIES
By Jennifer Swift-Kramer William Paterson University
reﬂecting an increasing preoccupation with “disrupting the natural order” or “aliens and what to do with them.” Suspicion of foreign inﬂuences (as opposed to, for instance, native invasive species) on “sacred sites” (such as a natural birth given by a genetic mother) pervade the discourse, as typiﬁed by article names like, “They Came, They Bred, They Conquered” or the creation of a Seed Purity Index. Nature is idealized as remote yet safe: leave it undisturbed and it will reward you in a motherly fashion. Gene mixing and mobility is dramatized by the horror term Frankenfood. Yet ironically even pro-GMO rhetoric touts a “more natural nature,” in which purer new strains promise to leave a smaller proverbial footprint by taking up less space and consuming fewer resources. Why care? All three “sites” are described in terms betraying a nostalgia for a heavily edited and ﬁltered past, arbitrarily deﬁned as native, natural and pure - take the practice of “restoration ecology” for example. Such points of focus obfuscate the presence of other inﬂuences we must keep in mind: the development that makes biological invasions possible; the weakened federal controls that leave sustainable agriculture and safety standards vulnerable; the economic and ecological costs of importing “pure” seeds across ever more tightly controlled borders. While not suggesting that we embrace technological modernity & globalization along with the risks they pose, Subramaniam advises us to become sensitized to the “stigmatized others” as deﬁned in these sites and resist “the retreat to insular, local and essentialist models and their Imaginary of the Pure.” Subramaniam summed up her counterproposal with, “By developing a different politics about science, we can also reimagine and transform contemporary global politics... Simplistic formulations [centered] around purity and authenticity are predicated on bad politics, but also on bad science.” What the feminist project most urgently needs to be is against bad science, by using technology as tools to produce scientiﬁc knowledge. To do that requires going beyond standard visualizations of women in science: “When I hear the word ‘pipeline’ I cringe.... I cannot but root for the leaks in the pipeline.” Women can be more than pipe-like, passive structures in the global economy if we change the terms with which we participate in that enterprise, she speciﬁed. “In order to do that, we must tend to our anxieties about ourselves.” Jane Zimmer Daniels’ presentation asked, “What Do We Know, Continued on pg 44
The Feminist Science Studies plenary in Oakland mixed perspectives on feminist science studies, the sociology of science, and educational funding of scientiﬁc disciplines that at critical points echoed and reinforced each other. Barbara Howe introduced the three panelists: Banu Subramaniam of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Jane Zimmer Daniels of the Henry Luce Foundation, and University of Oklahoma chemistry professor Dr. Donna Nelson. Subramaniam opened her presentation, “The Roots of Coincidence,” by emphasizing how keenly aware she is of the “meanings and myths” surrounding science in its active contexts of production, reception and use. Now is not a time for tolerance of aliens or even citizens, when the “rhetoric is in the air” that favors the “natural born” in science and in politics alike. Leo Marx’s now 40-year-old trope of the “Machine in the Garden” (taken from the title and substance of his 1967 book) still causes unease for those who occupy an “industrialized landscape” populated by the “contemporary monsters” of invasive plant species and human reproductive technologies. Yet she must now ask the pointed question, “When was The Natural ever natural?” Both the Right and the Left have now embraced the ideals of “purity” of reason and race and positioned those ideals as “under assault” by “imbalanced” forces, in a battle between the “authentic” and the “miscegenated.” Since 9/11, the “nonnative invasive forces” scenarios put forward in discussions about transplanted species, genetically modiﬁed plants (GMOs) and invitro fertilizations (IVF) have become increasingly more dramatic,
FEMINIST SCIENCE STUDIES
Continued from pg 43 provide assertiveness training, until she was scolded at a convention by a group of Scandinavian women who asked, “’How could you bring women into such a hostile environment?’” Now of course the focus is on changing the system instead of changing the women who enter it, “so we can all do our best work.” Zimmer Daniels thinks this is a positive turn of events, considering how in the early days, female scientists who took time out to do things like mentor younger women “ruined their careers trying to change the social environment.” Even men, she claimed, have realized “the system [as it is] is really not working for anyone” despite the well-publicized claims of people like Larry Summers. The breaks and drop-offs between the masters and PhD levels and between the positions of assistant and full professorships persist though “we’ve gone through a whole generation” of putting women in the pipeline, stated Zimmer Daniels, with apologies to Subramaniam. The drop-offs haven’t budged much, she went on to suggest, because the path to success in the sciences in academia is still too narrow to allow for progressive developments like “service learning” and “team approaches” that might counter the reactionary influences of gendered textbook writing and spoken language, plus still exclusionary policies and practices regarding merit awards, hiring, promotion and tenure. States like Massachusetts, NJ and a few others are trying to lengthen the pipeline by incorporating engineering into the K-12 curriculum, but issues in higher academic circles remain a challenge: institutional change and fear of same, retrogressive legal challenges lodged with the unofﬁcial blessing of the federal government from the likes of the Equal Opportunity Committee, etc. Some innovations
Jane Zimmer Daniels and Donna Nelson
Where Do We Go?” She explained how her background led her to her current position directing the Clare Boothe Luce Program. She began in sociology, then moved on to study organizations, especially involving women in engineering. She got in the ground ﬂoor of gender studies in science with the ﬁrst NSF program “for women and girls” in 1993 and 1994. Along the way, she joked, she learned The Golden Rule: the people with the gold make the rules. Now “we have a little bit of gold,” she announced. With that bit of gold, the Luce program is now moving away from biology into the less well-represented ﬁelds of physics, math and engineering with grants that support undergrads through post-doc students. With that, she said, they “try to be a catalyst for organizational change.” To answer the rhetorical question, “Why do we make the effort?” Zimmer Daniels announced that at ﬁrst it was the right thing to do, then in the 60s it became the legal thing to do, and now ﬁnally it has become “the competitive thing to do.” Until the 60s, women in the various sciences ranged from less than one percent to no more than 20% of any disciplinary population, “but no one cared” until equal opportunity laws were passed to bring in people like her. At ﬁrst she had felt obliged to
The audience participates with questions for the panelists
FEMINIST SCIENCE STUDIES
intended to counter such a backlash include a 2005 proposal to replace the norm of “6 years up and out” with “the best 5 out of 10 years” for tenure reviews. Donna Nelson introduced herself by exhorting the audience to remember that “well-behaved women seldom make history” and introduced her statistics as the Nelson Diversity Surveys, which poll faculty department chairs of the top 50 departments nationwide in 14 scientiﬁc disciplines. Recent ﬁndings reveal that while a critical mass of females exist in the biological sciences, for instance, the best increase in female professors was shown most recently in civil and mechanical engineering. “Engineers are really trying hard,” she pointed out amusingly, “they just have a horrible [pause] pipeline.” The strong point of her data is in its head counts, clearly shown in her PowerPoint slides: 2 women of color in chemistry; 0 in computer sciences. “You don’t have to throw away the zeroes,” she continued. “This really revealed for the ﬁrst time the low numbers of minority women.” To pound her point home, she located herself
in the grid as the lone Native American female in her department. “See that 1? That’s me.” She then identiﬁed another “outlier” as the sole beneﬁciary of an asterisk, the only Black female full professor (of astronomy). Numbers overall are increasing, but not for minorities, Nelson continued. While female assistant professors should outnumber associate professors, they don’t in all ﬁelds. Three rough groupings can be pulled out of these surveys according to their respective weak points: chemistry, math and computer science have “the worst of both worlds” with no or little pipeline utilization and no critical mass. Astronomy, physics and engineering have no critical mass, while the social and life sciences by contrast have no pipeline to hook up high school, college and grad school. Comparing the 2002 and 2005 surveys, marginal improvements are thrown into higher relief. Faculty numbers are up, but chemistry showed the lowest increase. In fact, Nelson mentioned as an aside, chemistry departments as institutions are beginning to disappear.
Building an Anti-imperialist Feminist Democracy in the Belly of the Beast
Continued from pg 40 raped and sexually degraded were humiliated because they were treated like women. They were forced to be women — sexually dominated and degraded. Men who were naked and exposed, she said reminded us of the vulnerability usually associated with women. Thus the brown men at Abu Ghraib were constructed as effeminate and as such they narrated a subtext of homosexuality. They remained male but not men, while the white women guards remained female but not women. That three of the torturers at Abu Ghraib were white women — Lynndie England, Sabrina Harman and Megan Ambuhl — were key to the pictorial narrative that came out of the prison. In addition, Carolyn Wood, who served at the Bagram Air Force base, was the person responsible for introducing new “interrogation” techniques like nudity and sleep deprivation. As decoys, Eisenstein asserted, they created gender confusion by participating in the very sexual humiliation that this gender is usually victim to. Thus, Eisenstein concluded, gender swapping and switching leaves masculinist racialized gender in place. The ugliness at Abu Ghraib revealed that just the sex had changed; the uniform had remained the same, that male or female could be a masculinized commander or an imperialist collaborator. “Imperialist feminism obfuscates the use of gender decoys,” she said. Women were both victims and perpetrators, constrained yet free, neither exactly commander nor decoy. Eisenstein powerful and persuasive arguments are invaluable in understanding the gendered nature of war and the way in which gender is invoked and deployed in the iconography and language of imperial wars. Her writings show how the workings of empire are systematically related to gender. Ever since Edward Said’s groundbreaking study Orientalism, postcolonial scholars had continued to leave out the important vector of gender in examining the workings of the imperialist undertaking. It was left to women scholars, such as Sara Suleri, Meyda Yegenoglu, Lisa Lowe, Ella Shohat and Cynthia Enloe, to show the connections between gender and the imagery of war. Today, it is Eisenstein who has provided us perhaps with the most useful formulation of the gendered nature of all imperialist projects.
WHEN SEX BECAME GENDER By Shira Tarrant Routledge (2006) ISBN: 0415953472 How did the term “sex” develop into “gender”? Is it really true that a vibrant feminist movement disappeared some time af ter suffrage gains were won, only to suddenly resurface in the late 1960s? When Sex Became Gender suggests that the period between 1945 and the early 1960s has been overlooked in the development of feminist theory and philosophy. Tarrant makes a compelling case for these decades being the turning point in the study of gender. Conventional wisdom tells us that Western feminism died by the mid-1940s when women left their wartime factory jobs to return home. But this version of the story is not entirely true. When Sex Became Gender brings to light dominant ideas about sex roles and the feminist critiques these generated in the years between World War II and the women’s liberation movement in the late 1960s. The key theme is that ideas about the social construction of gender have its origins in the feminist theorists of the postwar period, and that these early ideas about gender became a key foundational paradigm for both second and third wave feminist thought. These conceptual foundations were created by a cohort of extraordinarily imaginative and bold academic women. While discussing the famous feminist scholars—Simone de Beauvoir, Margaret Mead—the book also hinges on the work of scholars who are lesser known to American audiences—Mirra Komarovsky, Viola Klein, and Ruth Herschberger, Tarrant expounds upon a relatively understudied period of feminist theory and incorporates ﬁgures that have not traditionally been included as part of the feminist canon. In doing so, Tarrant uncovers a crucial missing chapter in the history of modern feminism. The book challenges us to see feminist theory as unfolding throughout history rather than being restricted to a few “waves” of activism.
BITCHFEST: TEN YEARS OF CULTURAL CRITICISM FROM THE PAGES OF BITCH MAGAZINE By Margaret Cho (Foreword) Lisa Jervis (Editor) Andi Zeisler (Editor) Farrar, Straus and Giroux (August 8, 2006) ISBN: 0374113432
In the wake of Sassy and as an alternative to the more staid reporting of Ms., Bitch was launched in the mid-nineties as a Xeroxand-staple zine covering the landscape of popular culture from a feminist perspective. Both unabashed in its love for the guilty pleasures of consumer culture and deeply thoughtful about the way the pop landscape reﬂects and impacts women’s lives, Bitch grew to be a popular, fullscale magazine with a readership that stretched worldwide. Today it stands as a touchstone of hip, young feminist thought, looking with both wit and irreverence at the way pop culture informs feminism-and vice versa-and encouraging readers to think critically about the messages lurking behind our favorite television shows, movies, music, books, blogs, and the like. BITCHFest offers an assortment of the most provocative essays, reporting, rants, and raves from the magazine’s ﬁrst ten years, along with new pieces written especially for the collection. Smart, nuanced, cranky, outrageous, and clear-eyed, the anthology covers everything from a 1996 celebration of pre-scandal Martha Stewart to a more recent critical look at the “gayby boom”; from a time line of black women on sitcoms to an analysis of fat suits as the new blackface; from an attempt to fashion a feminist vulgarity to a reclamation of female virginity. It’s a recent history of feminist pop-culture critique and an arrow toward feminism’s future.
LIBERATION BETWEEN SELVES, SEXUALITIES AND WAR Greg Moses, Editor Radical Philosophy Today, Volume 3 (August 2006) ISBN 1-889680-46-X During two centuries of industrial revolution, history’s most powerful ruling class has been produced, equipped, and armed to the teeth - not just with bullets but also with powerful media and an aggressive ideology of domination. Despite the fact that history gives ample reason to fear the worst for the future, social and political theory can be a form of resistance and hope. Included article: “Housewife or Shopgirl? Alienation in Elfriede Jelinek’s women as lovers.” — By Brenda Bethman This article explores the role of alienation in Elfriede Jelinek’s novel Women as Lovers (Die Liebhaberinnen, 1975). Drawing on Marxist, socialist feminist, and Lacanian deﬁnitions of alientation, Bethman argues that scholars need to develop an approach with which they can analyze the alienation of the subject in the symbolic order as well as the material realities that produce that alienation. Bethman goes on to read Jelinek’s depiction of alienation in her novel from a variety of perspectives.
ADOLESCENT SEXUALITY A HISTORICAL HANDBOOK AND GUIDE by Carolyn Cocca Praeger Publishers (September, 30 2006) ISBN: 0-313-33399-8
A SACRED PLACE : CANOEING SOUTHWEST FLORIDA (POEMS) by Nancy Seale Osborne Passion Among the Cacti Press (2006) ISBN 0-9737351-7-1
This balanced, nuanced, and data-grounded view of the past and present of adolescent sexuality provides readers with a store of valuable and reliable information. Covering major issues in adolescent sexuality in the United States from colonial times to the present, the book provides an account of ways in which adults-from policymakers to police and parents-have attempted to intervene in the sexual lives of adolescents, and how adolescent sexuality has been, and continues to be, a subject of social concern and control. Original essays cover adolescent sex in history, as well as statutory rape laws, teen pregnancy, media portrayals of adolescent sexuality, and sex education. The perspective is further broadened by a collection of primary documents such as a petition from the Women’s Christian Temperance Union to raise the age of consent, court cases, Freud’s theories on sexuality, images used in the early 20th century for sex education, and current statistics on adolescent sexuality. The ﬁnal third of the book is an extensive bibliography on adolescent sexuality, divided by subject area. This important and well-informed work will prove a central resource for students, educators, parents, journalists, and those working on behalf of youth. Carolyn Cocca is Associate Professor of Politics and Director of the Women’s Center at the State University of New York, College at Old Westbury She is the author of “Jailbait: The Politics of Statutory Rape Laws in the United States” (2004) and numerous articles about adolescent sexuality and statutory rape laws.
THE NEW SINGLE WOMAN By E. Kay Trimberger
GIRLS IN TROUBLE WITH THE LAW By Laurie Schaffner
Beacon Press (2005) ISBN: 0807065234 E. Kay Trimberger tackles one of the largest social phenomena of our times: the increasing number of single women over 35. Drawing on the diverse personal stories of long-term single women, including herself, Trimberger explodes the idea that fulﬁllment comes only through ﬁnding a soul mate. Instead, she presents an exciting new identity possible for women in the twenty-ﬁrst century: the new single woman. The new woman rejects the cultural pressure to couple and unabashedly lives a fulﬁlling single life, one where she is not on her own, not deﬁned primarily by self-reliance, but by her skills at creating friendships and her ability to link networks of friends into a community. Trimberger’s analysis opens up new alternatives for the “good life,” and speaks to the anxieties of single women in their twenties and early thirties. The book’s argument that married/coupled women and single women (including bisexuals and lesbians) are not different or in competition, but rather at opposite ends of a continuum that comprises many women in-between is a paradigm-shifting notion - one that ultimately strengthens and enriches both single women and couples. Fascinating personal accounts of how single women’s lives evolve over time, combined with incisive observations and trenchant analysis, provide a new cultural road map for creating a satisfying and meaningful single life. A much needed breath of fresh air. Women have been in bondage to the dream of the “soul-mate” for far too long, and Kay Trimberger gives us the inspiration and insight to get on with our lives. — Barbara Ehrenreich, Author of Nickeled and Dimed: On (Not) Getting by in America
Rutgers University Press (2006) ISBN: 0813538335
Juvenile arrest rates in the United States have declined over the past decade, yet the percentage of girls in trouble with the law increased. Girls now are also more likely to enter the juvenile legal system as a result of violent events, rather than for minor violations for which previous generations of young women were more commonly detained. In Girls in Trouble with the Law, sociologist Laurie Schaffner takes us inside female detention centers and explores the worlds of those who are incarcerated. Across the country, she ﬁnds that an overwhelming majority of these young women are from ethnic or racial minority groups, and most have experienced some sort of sexual abuse or assault. Focusing on the girls’ experience of violence and the inequities of the criminal justice system, Schaffner explores three central questions. How have changing social norms of sexuality and emotional expression inﬂuenced adolescent girls’ transgressions? What do authority, consent, and choice mean to young urban women in trouble? How do they experience and understand the violent episodes in their lives? Offering a critical assessment of what she describes as a genderinsensitive juvenile justice system, Schaffner makes a compelling argument that current policies do not go far enough to empower disadvantaged girls so that they can overcome the social limitations and gender, sexual, and racial/ethnic discrimination that continue to plague young women growing up in contemporary United States.
WRITING CATHOLIC WOMEN CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL CATHOLIC GIRLHOOD NARRATIVES by Jeana DelRosso Palgrave Press (2005) ISBN: 1-4039-6757-1
OUTSIDERS WITHIN : WRITING ON TRANSRACIAL ADOPTION by Jane Jeong Trenka Julia Chinyere Oparah Sun Yung Shin South End Press (Oct 2006) ISBN: 0-89608-764-6 You must have seen one— they’re everywhere. Photo blowups of Hollywood star Angelina Jolie and Zahara, the child she adopted from Ethiopia, both beaming. “Saved by a Mother’s Love”—it’s People’s cover story. Zahara, we’re told, is thriving. Nothing is said of the grandmother who tried to keep her, broken ties, loss. Adoption is a win-win. Right? Healthy white infants have become hard to locate and expensive to adopt. So people from around the world turn to interracial and intercountry adoption, often, like Jolie, with the idea that while growing their families, they’re saving children from destitution. But as Outsiders Within reveals, while transracial adoption is a practice traditionally considered benevolent, it often exacts a heavy emotional, cultural, and even economic toll. Through compelling essays, fiction, poetry, and art, the contributors to this landmark publication carefully explore this most intimate aspect of globalization. Finally, in the unmediated voices of the adults who have matured within it, we ﬁnd a rarely-considered view of adoption, an institution that pulls apart old families and identities and grafts new ones. Moving beyond personal narrative, these transracially adopted writers from around the world tackle difﬁcult questions about how to survive the racist and ethnocentric worlds they inhabit, what connects the countries relinquishing their children to the countries importing them, why poor families of color have their children removed rather than supported—about who, ultimately, they are. In their inquiry, they unseat conventional understandings of adoption politics, ultimately reframing the controversy as a debate that encompasses human rights, peace, and reproductive justice.
T h i s wo r k e x a m i n e s t h e interplay of gender, race, ethnicity, nationality, and sexuality through the lens of Catholicism in a wide range of works by women writers, forging interdisciplinary connections among women’s studies, religion, and late twentieth-century literature. Discussing a diverse group of authors, Jeana DelRosso posits that the girlhood narratives of such writers constitute highly charged sites of their differing gestures toward Catholicism and argues that an understanding of the ways in which women write about religion from different cultural and racial contexts offers a crucial contribution to current discussions in gender, ethnic, and cultural studies. DelRosso suggests that the girlhood narratives of these authors reveal their lifelong approaches to Catholicism. In her analysis, DelRosso forges interdisciplinary connections among women’s studies, religion and late 20th-century literature. She concludes with a call for a revision of the term “girl” and more active role for women in the Catholic Church. Jeana DelRosso is an Assistant Professor of English and Women’s Studies at the College of Notre Dame of Maryland.
COLOR OF VIOLENCE THE INCITE! ANTHOLOGY By INCITE! Women Of Color Against Violence South End Press (Oct 2006) ISBN: 0-89608-762-X What would it take to end violence against women of color? How does the mainstream antiviolence movement help? How does it hinder? When will we admit that repositioning women of color at the center of the movement—women more often harmed by the police, prisons, and border patrols than aided by them— means that we must address state violence? In Color of Violence, INCITE! demands that we: • reconsider a reliance on the criminal justice system for solving women’s struggles with domestic violence; • acknowledge how militarism subjects women to extreme levels of violence perpetrated from within, and without, their communities; • recognize how the medical establishment inﬂicts violence — such as involuntary sterilization and inadequate health care — on women of color • devise new strategies for cross-cultural dialogue, theorizing, and alliance building; and much, much more. INCITE! Women of Color Against Violence was born in 2000, when more than two thousand dedicated activists from diverse communities came together to end the war being waged on women of color in the US and around the world. Now the largest multiracial, grassroots, feminist organization in the United States, INCITE! boasts chapters in more than 20 cities. Color of Violence: The INCITE! Anthology presents the ﬁerce and vital writing of 32 of these visionaries, who not only shift the focus from domestic violence and sexual assault, but also map innovative strategies of movement building and resistance used by women of color around the world. At a time of heightened state surveillance and repression of people of color, Color of Violence: The INCITE! Anthology is an essential intervention.
HOME ECONOMICS: NATIONALISM AND THE MAKING OF ‘MIGRANT WORKERS’ IN CANADA By Nandita Sharma University of Toronto Press (2006) ISBN: 0802048838
A massive shift has taken place in Canadian immigration policy since the 1970s: the majority of migrants no longer enter as permanent residents but as temporary migrant workers. In Home Economics, Nandita Sharma shows how Canadian policies on citizenship and immigration contribute to the entrenchment of a system of apartheid where those categorized as ‘migrant workers’ live, work, pay taxes and sometimes die in Canada but are subordinated to a legal regime that renders them as perennial outsiders to nationalized Canadian society. In calling for a ‘no borders’ policy in Canada, Sharma argues that it is the acceptance of nationalist formulations of ‘home’ informed by racialized and gendered relations that contribute to the neo-liberal restructuring of the labour market in Canada. She exposes the ideological character of Canadian border control policies which, rather than preventing people from getting in, actually work to restrict their rights once within Canada. Home Economics is an urgent and much-needed reminder that in today’s world of growing displacement and unprecedented levels of international migration, society must pay careful attention to how nationalist ideologies construct ‘homelands’ that essentially leave the vast majority of the world’s migrant peoples homeless. Nandita Sharma is an assistant professor in the Departments of Ethnic Studies and Sociology at the University of Hawai’i at Manoa.
BATTERED BLACK WOMEN AND WELFARE REFORM BETWEEN A ROCK AND A HARD PLACE by Dana-Ain Davis Suny Press (August 2006) ISBN: 0-7914-6843-7 This text examines the consequences of welfare reform for Black women ﬂeeing domestic violence. This timely and compelling ethnography examines the impact of welfare reform on women seeking to escape domestic violence. Dana-Ain Davis proﬁles twenty-two women, thirteen of whom are Black, living in a battered women’s shelter in a small city in upstate New York. She explores the contradictions between welfare reform’s supposed success in moving women off of public assistance and toward economic self-sufﬁciency and the consequences welfare reform policy has presented for Black women ﬂeeing domestic violence. Focusing on the intersection of poverty, violence, and race, she demonstrates the differential treatment that Black and White women face in their entanglements with the welfare bureaucracy by linking those entanglements to the larger political economy of a small city, neoliberal social policies, and racialized ideas about Black women as workers and mothers. “For anyone who imagines that welfare policy promotes improved economic well-being and security, opportunity, self-sufﬁciency, and hope for poor women and their families, this book is a wake-up call.” — from the Foreword by Sandra Morgen “At once an ethnographic community study and a review of the national data, there are very few books that offer such a rich and contextualized analysis of the nexus between violence and poverty.” — Beth E. Richie, author of Compelled to Crime: The Gender ” Entrapment of Battered Black Women. Dàna-Ain Davis is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Purchase College, State University of New York.
HOW SINGLES ARE STEREOTYPED, STIGMATIZED, AND IGNORED, AND STILL LIVE HAPPILY EVER AFTER by Bella M. DePaulo St. Martin’s Press (November 14, 2006) ISBN: 0312340818 Many of today’s single people have engaging jobs, homes that they own, and a network of friends. This is not the 1950s---singles can have sex without marrying, and they can raise smart, successful, and happy children. It should be a great time to be single. Yet too often single people are still asked to defend their single status by an onslaught of judgmental peers and fretful relatives. Prominent people in politics, the popular press, and the intelligentsia have all taken turns peddling myths about marriage and singlehood. Marry, they promise, and you will live a long, happy, and healthy life, and you will never be lonely again. Drawing from decades of scientiﬁc research and stacks of stories from the front lines of singlehood, Bella DePaulo debunks the myths of singledom---and shows that just about everything you’ve heard about the beneﬁts of getting married and the perils of staying single are grossly exaggerated or just plain wrong. Although singles are singled out for unfair treatment by the workplace, the marketplace, and the federal tax structure, they are not simply victims of this singlism. Single people really are living happily ever after. Filled with bracing bursts of truth and dazzling dashes of humor, Singled Out is a spirited and provocative read for the single, the married, and everyone in between. “With elegant analysis, wonderfully detailed examples, and clear and witty prose, DePaulo lays out the many, often subtle denigrations and discriminations faced by single adults in the U.S. She addresses, too, the resilience of single women and men in the face of such singlism. A must-read for all single adults, their friends and families, as well as social scientists and policy advocates.” — E. Kay Trimberger, author of The New Single Woman
WHY FEMINISTS ARE WRONG: How Transsexuals Prove Gender is not a Social Construction. By Rosa Lee Xlibris (2006) ISBN: 1-4257-1467-6 Shor tcomings in feminist theor y e xist, since feminists cannot explain why we are still slaves to a system that we can conceptually dismantle. This work shows, through the anomaly of “the transsexual,” exactly how post-structuralism not only fails as a tool, but works against feminists. This work argues that the weakness of feminism is its digression from the scientiﬁc method and mathematical principles to analyze reality. The ﬁrst chapter sets up a mathematical proof that proves the model offered by post-structuralist feminism cannot be correct and that gender is not a social construction. The second offers more criticism of the feminist lens, while the third and fourth offer a metaphorical circuit diagram of the patriarchy—what the author refers to as “the patriarchitecture.” The ﬁfth, sixth, and seventh chapters speak to our notion of human bodies, and why the extraordinary ones we encounter cause us so much trouble. The last chapter explains how an application of quantum mechanics to our social science will yield different results than those predicted by post-structuralists. With over 130 works cited, this book is as tight in its syntax and argument as it is broad in its scope. Engaging topics from the mathematical construction of our universe, quantum mechanics, and neuroscience, to entheogens, economics, and sociology, this book exposes the weaknesses in our feminist philosophical musings with pure scientiﬁc evidence and mathematical proof. This book changes feminist scholarship. Rosa Lee is the 2005 Presidential Fellow in Women, Gender, and Sexuality at Trinity College in Hartford CT. Additional information available online at www.whyfeministsarewrong.com
GENDER QUAKE: POEMS By Joelle Ruby Ryan AuthorHouse, (2005) ISBN: 1420869299 Gender Quake is a book of revolutionary poems that explores what it means to be a transgendered individual in America. Joelle Ruby Ryan, a self-styled 6’6” transgender warrior, bares her soul in this collection of poems which is at turns humorous, poignant, searing and deeply passionate. From the ashes of loneliness, rage, and despair, Ryan charts an emotional trajectory which jolts readers into confronting their own shared humanity with differently-gendered people. Ryan covers topics as diverse as feminism, porn, passing, violence, activism and the urgent need for solidarity across lines of identity and difference. While the book explores the darkest corners of a life marred by pain, discrimination and self-hatred, it also repeatedly calls upon hope, love and justice as the primary correctives for imagining a better world. Gender Quake will shock you, educate you and most of all move you to join the ﬁght for a gender revolution. “So World, take note: the Gender Quake is ready to activate, and the whirl is gonna be blissful, and divine, and unstoppable.” Joelle Ruby Ryan holds Master of Arts degrees in English and Women’s Studies. Currently, she is a doctoral student in American Culture Studies at Bowling Green State University, where her research focuses on gender/sexuality studies and ﬁlm/media studies. She has taught university classes in English Composition, Women’s Studies, American Studies and Ethnic Studies. She is the founder of New Hampshire Transgender Resources for Education and Empowerment (NH TREE) and the co-producer of two autobiographical videos: A Transgender Path and TransAmazon: A Gender Queer Journey. She is a frequent speaker on issues of gender, identity and social justice in classes, community groups and regional and national conferences. She can be reached via the web at www.transpride.org.
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PROSTITUTION AND SEX WORK [TWO VOLUMES] By Melissa Hope Ditmore Greenwood Press (August 2006 ) ISBN: 0-313-32968-0 The cliche is that prostitution is the oldest profession. Isn’t it time that the subject received a full reference treatment? This major 2-volume set is the ﬁrst to treat in an inclusive reference what is usually considered a societal failing and the underside of sexuality and economic survival. The A-to-Z encyclopedia offers wide-ranging entries related to prostitution and the sex industry, past and present, both worldwide (mostly in the West) and in the United States. The topic of prostitution has high-interest appeal across disciplines, and the narrative entries illuminate literature, art, law, medicine, economics, politics, women’s studies, religion, sociology, sexuality, ﬁlm, popular culture, public health, nonﬁction, American and world history, business, gender, media, education, crime, race, technology, performing arts, family, social work, social mores, pornography, the military, tourism, child labor, and more. It is targeted to the general reader, who will gain useful insight into the human race through time via its sex industry and prostitution. An introduction overviews the scope of prostitution from the earliest historical records, including the Bible. User-friendly lists that are alphabetically and topically arranged help the reader ﬁnd entries of interest, as does the comprehensive index. A chronology proffers signiﬁcant dates related to the topic. Each entry is signed and has suggestions for further reading. Melissa Hope Ditmore is the coordinator and founder of the Trafﬁcked Persons Rights Project, a consultant on trafﬁcking, and a Research Fellow at the Center for the Study of Women and Society, Graduate Center of the City University of New York.
EDGES: O ISRAEL O PALESTINE by Leora Skolkin-Smith, Grace Paley (Editor) Glad Day Books (2005) ISBN: 1930180144 EDGES takes the reader to an Israel before high walls formed a border, when, instead, metal wires hung “like hosiery lines” across the land. Liana Bialik is fourteen years old when the suicide of her American father forces her mother, mourning, in despair back to her family--to Jerusalem where she grew up. For Liana it is the place where the powerful interdependance of mother and daughter-physical and spiritual--ends. It is the place and time of her sexual awakening. This can happen when Liana escapes across the border with the missing son of an American diplomat. They are made closer by the death of a young Palestinian boy. They move deeper into the world of Palestinian ﬁelds, olive orchards, villages. The novel is set in the Israel of the early ‘60s, Liana’s mother and aunt tell lively stories about the 1940s, their young guerilla-like struggles against the British particularly, the mother’s memories of growing up in a shared land in the old city before it was divided. 'EDGES' is an elegant and moving novel. Leora Skolkin-Smith has that rare gift of the writer who can convey the sensibility--the essence of a place and its people--with precision and clarity. A moving and provocative debut. — Katherine Weber, author of The Little Women, The Music Lesson 'EDGES' takes the reader to an Israel before high walls formed a border, when instead metal wires hung ‘like hosiery lines’ across the land.... Here, Skolkin-Smith, in clear, burnished prose, fuses personal and political rifts into an exhilarating debut novel. --Philip Graham, Director, Creative Writing Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
READING RESISTANCE DISCOURSES OF EXCLUSION IN DESEGREGATION AND INCLUSION DEBATES By Beth A. Ferri and David J. Connor Peter Lang Publishing (April 2006) ISBN: 0820474282
FRACTIOUS WOMEN, AND THE OLD FAITH: FAIRY LORE IN EARLY MODERN BRITISH DRAMA AND CULTURE By Regina Buccola Susquehanna University Press (2006) ISBN: 1575911035
Reading Resistance confronts longstanding exclusionary practices in U.S. public schooling. Beth A. Ferri and David J. Connor trace the interconnected histories of race and disability in the public imagination through their nuanced analysis of editorial pages and other public discourses, including political cartoons and eugenics posters. By uncovering how the concept of disability was used to resegregate students of color after the historic Brown decision, the authors argue that special education has played a role in undermining school desegregation. In its critical, interdisciplinary focus on the interlocking politics of race and disability, Reading Resistance offers important contributions to educational research, theory, and policy. "Reading Resistance" presents an important and timely discussion of the intersections between white privilege and ableism and the interconnections between IDEA and Brown v. Board of Education.? Of key value is the overview of how race becomes an organizing principle of social life and how mainstream classrooms are constructed through rhetorics of ability, ideologies of normalcy, and rituals of exclusion. At the same time, this book is not "just theory."The authors craft their arguments to clarify complex issues and link them with suggestions for practice. Readers will gain a good sense of what is needed to transform classrooms and schools to allow them to be equitable and just, as well as to to contribute to a strong democracy in a multicultural society. — Ellen Brantlinger, Professor of Curriculum and Instruction, Indiana University, Bloomington
The book applies feminist critical theory to an analysis of the links between early modern British fairy lore, the women who are alleged to have promulgated these beliefs, and the connections between fairy characters and female characters in Shakespeare’s plays A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Merry Wives of Windsor, Cymbeline and All’s Well That Ends Well and Ben Jonson’s play The Alchemist. Regina Buccola is an assistant professor of English at Roosevelt University in Chicago. Her work on early modern drama has appeared in Sixteenth-Century Journal and Shakespeare and the Culture of Christianity in Early Modern Europe. She is co-editor, with Lisa Hopkins, of the essay collection Marian Moments in Early Modern Drama, from Ashgate Press.
"Dramatically demonstrates the historical intertwining of the discourses of race and disability in American education. This portrait will relinquish any lingering doubts about the insidious role of racism in creating the perception that students of color are disproportionately 'disabled.' — Beth Harry, Professor, Special Education, University of Miami, Florida
OM: MY SISTAGYRL LOTUS by Veronica Precious Bohanan UnSilenced Woman Press (March 1, 2006) ISBN: 0977360105
WHAT DO YOU SEE? By Irene Kai Silver Light Publications (August 28, 2006) ISBN: 0974489026 “The mere suggestion of an image or idea can evoke heavy emotions.” So begins Irene Kai’s What Do You See?, a book of photography that contains images to challenge the reader’s assumptions and judgments. It serves as a mirror for the readers to look deeper into themselves. With beautiful, provocative, and sometimes erotic images of the human body, What Do You See? asks this question: Do you have the courage to see the truth? This beautifully designed book showcases 17 of Kai’s thoughtful and inspiring black and white photos, as well as text from four spiritual traditions to encourage self-reﬂection and abandoning presumptions, and challenge the reader’s personal biases. Irene Kai, author of The Golden Mountain: Beyond the American Dream, graduated from the School of Visual Arts, NYC and the Royal College of Art, London. She taught Graphic Design at Penn State University and now lives in Ashland, OR.
Om: My Sistagyrl Lotus is Veronica’s naked rendering upon the universe. Unapologetically, yet humbly and poetically, she journey’s between street talk, gentriﬁcation, the informal economy, race and gender relations, self-discovery, friendship, love, traveling abroad, spirituality, hip hop, women’s health, and Black wom(b)anhood. Veronica Precious Bohanan (Moon) is a moonchild on an excursion to earth. Born under the Cancer astrological sign in Chicago, Illinois, she is as versatile as the many names given to her at birth. A graduate of the University of Iowa, she earned a B.A. in Speech and Hearing Sciences and an M.A. in Social Foundations of Education. She is half of the writing, performance, and artistic team of AquaMoon, a duo dedicated to providing a voice for disenfranchised women and youth. The team’s acclaimed choreopoem Aqua Beats and Moon Verses expresses this mission with its motto, ‘Dismantling the Culture of Silence.’ Continuing in this spirit, Om: My Sistagyrl Lotus is Ms. Bohanan’s debut collection of poetry and prose.
AQUA BEATS AND MOON VERSES: VOLUME I by: AquaMoon ISBN: 0-9773601-1-3 (September 2006)
A poetic play & CD that celebrates 21st century African American womonhood & sistahood. The playwrights present an uncompromising and edgy compilation of poetry and prose, which celebrates womonhood, sistahood, and highlights the sexual, racial and social inequalities experienced by girls and womyn. Aqua Beats and Moon Verses, Volume I has sparked afﬁrmative and relevant discourse on girl and womyn-centered topics.
REMOVING BARRIERS:WOMEN IN ACADEMIC SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS By Jill M. Bystydzienski and Sharon R. Bird (Editors) Indiana University Press (February 2006) ISBN: 0253218179
THE WOMANIST READER: THE FIRST QUARTER CENTURY OF WOMANIST THOUGHT By Layli Phillips (Editor) Routledge; 1 edition (September 19, 2006) ISBN: 0415954118
Presents strategies for promoting women’s equal participation in the scientiﬁc ﬁelds. Movement into academic science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) ﬁelds has been slow for women and minorities. Not only are women and minorities underrepresented in STEM careers, there is strong evidence that many academic departments are resistant to addressing the concerns that keep them from entering careers in these ﬁelds. In light of recent controversies surrounding these issues, this volume, examining reasons for the persistence of barriers that block the full participation and advancement of underrepresented groups in the sciences and addressing how academic departments and universities can remedy the situation, is particularly timely. As a whole, the volume shows positive examples of institutions and departments that have been transformed by the inclusion of women and recommends a set of best practices for continuing growth in positive directions. Jill M. Bystydzienski is chair of the Women’s Studies Department at Ohio State University. Sharon R. Bird is Associate Professor of Sociology and an afﬁliate of the Women’s Studies Program at Iowa State University.
Comprehensive in its coverage, The Womanist Reader is the first volume to anthologize all the major works of womanist scholarship. Charting the course of womanist theory from its genesis and Alice Walker’s African-American feminism to its present-day deﬁnition that forces feminism to take race and class more seriously, this reader comprehensively traces the rich and diverse history of a quarter century of womanist thought. Featuring the ﬁeld’s top scholars, compelling ﬁction, and enlightening interviews with womanism’s mothers and daughters, Layli Phillips has assembled a unique and ground-breaking compilation. In addition to timely essays exploring the birth of womanist identity in its second-generation scholars, The Womanist Reader provides a true overview by including several critiques of womanism.
NEW BOOK REVIEW
WOMEN IN SHADOW AND LIGHT by Jan Goff-LaFontaine Creative Minds Press (March 30, 2005) ISBN: 0974961051 Book Review By Elena Marie DiLapi, Director, University of Penn Women’s Center For over three decades I have spent my professional life working with others to achieve equality for women on campus and beyond. Unfortunately much of this work requires addressing violence against women. After attending a campus workshop by Jan GoffLaFontaine, based on her book Women in Shadow and Light , I was taken by the impact it had on the students and the power of the presentation on me and other professionals. Jan Goff-LaFontaine’s refreshing and open style created a special environment where a diverse group of students could ask many questions, engage each other in dialogue, increase their desire to learn more and prepare to take action to end violence in women’s lives. This book and its workshop contribute to our understanding of the devastating impact of the many forms of abuse that women endure and more importantly of the inextinguishable light inside each woman as she conquers her fears and finds hope and healing. Women in Shadow and Light by Jan Goff-LaFontaine, accurately and sensitively captures the struggles of women who have been victimized by abuse and their strength to heal. This is a unique presentation of women’s enduring spirit in the face of such dehumanization. The stories reﬂected on these pages are from real women, embracing their
histories of victimization and moving beyond the pain to take hold of their own power and beauty. By gently holding the vulnerability and strength of their stories, Jan Goff-LaFontaine offers us a window into the courage of each woman to tell her truth - the strength to look inside and ﬁnd the power - to guide them through the pain of abuse and reclaim their lives. Through their own words, with Jan Goff-LaFontaine’s concise and poignant commentary and the accompanying photo’s, we discover how diverse women stepped out of the shadows of their past abuse into the light of their present power. In doing so, we are reminded that shadows can only be cast if illumination is present. And we learn how a ﬂicker of light can set a ﬁre that frees each woman’s indestructible spirit from a painful past and creates an enduring path to the future. Through the perceptive eye of her camera, Jan Goff-LaFontaine masterfully frames each woman’s emergence from that journey, as beautiful, powerful, wonder ful and whole. The privilege to peek into these ve r y p r i va te a n d painful places, as the women share how they came to reclaim their personal power, is a generous and Sheila and Adele invaluable gift. In doing so they provide hope for all who have known such violence and are role models for each of us. This is a book/workshop for everyone; for survivors, for those who love survivors, for those who seek to help survivors and for those who wonder about the strength, beauty and power of women healing ourselves and helping each other. This book, recipient of the 2006 Book of the Year Award in Women’s Issues from the Independent Publisher’s Association (the IPPY Award) provides a much needed contemporary and engaging view of violence against women from the perspective of women’s strength. This is a radiant portrayal of different women’s journey from pain to power. I wholeheartedly endorse this program and encourage others to bring this program to your campus.
DVD only 94 minutes, 2006 Producer/ Director: Aishah Shahidah Simmons Co-Producers: Tamara L. Xavier, Gail M. Lloyd Associate Producers: Joan W. Brannon, Wadia L. Gardiner, Salamishah Tillet, Amadee Braxton Editor: Sharon M. Mullally Major funding provided by the Ford Foundation. Featuring Noted Scholars: • Johnnetta B. Cole, President, Bennett College for Women • Farah Jasmine Grifﬁn, African American Studies, Columbia University • Adrienne Davis, School of Law, University of North Carolina • Beverly Guy-Sheftall, Women’s Studies, Spelman College • Aaronette M. White, African American and Women’s Studies, Pennsylvania State University including Ulester Douglas and Sulaiman Nuriddin of Men Stopping Violence and the late award-winning poet Essex Hemphill, are also integrated with the African-American women’s voices. While NO! explores how the collective silence about acts of sexual assault adversely affects African Americans, it also encourages dialogue to bring about healing and reconciliation between all men and women. About the Producer Aishah Shahidah Simmons is an award-winning AfricanAmerican feminist documentary ﬁlmmaker and television producer based in Philadelphia, PA. She founded a multimedia arts company committed to using the moving image to counteract racism, sexism, homophobia, and classism, with a particular emphasis on empowering Black women and girls.# Archival footage contextualizes historical changes in gender relations and documents American social movements impacting women and girls. http://www.notherapedocumentary.org/
One out of three women in the United States will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime. Through testimonies from Black women sur vivors, commentaries from acclaimed African- Amer ican women scholars and community leaders, including Johnneta Betsch Cole, Farah Jasmine Grifﬁn, Elaine Brown, and Beverly Guy- Sheftall; impacting archival footage, spirited music, dance, and performance poetry, NO! unveils the reality of rape, other forms of sexual violence, and healing in African-American communities. What does it look like to visually make central that which has been placed on the margins and on the periphery? Moving from enslavement of African people in the United States through present day, NO! moves from rage/trauma/emotional and physical pain to meditation to action to healing where the consciousness of the featured Black women survivors of rape and sexual assault, who range in age, geographic location, and sexual orientation, transforms from victim to survivor to educator, activist, and healer. In NO!, African-American histor y is feminized while simultaneously addressing the rape and sexual assault of Black women and girls. Based on an understanding that heterosexual violence against women will end when all men, make ending this international atrocity a priority in their lives, the commentary and performance of ﬁve Black men activists and cultural workers
N e w M o o n Productions presents an indepth look at gun violence in the United States, viewed through the diverse lenses of local, state and national communities. The documentaries a r e c o m p l e m e n t a r y, addressing dif ferent aspects of complex beliefs, emotions and actions. All are intended to facilitate non polarized community dialog and elicit a responseof active participation in solutions to the dilemma. This encompassing media approachis inspiring audiences to further develop their individual and collective voice on gun violence, as well as other critical social topics. The series has won numerous awards. And speciﬁcally, The Promise of America has been screened and discussed in a number of universities, at a global Women’s Studies conference in Dublin and at an exceptionally broad range of more mainstream general women’s audience events. The education packages feature a “Women’s History of Activism” segment.
Guns, Grief and Grace in America includes:
• Dear Rita - One hour documentary for broadcast
• The Promise of America - One hour documentary for broadcast • Education Series - Middle School to University students
• Everyone’s in its Sights - Community Discussion Segments DVD,
The Promise of America features rich archival footage of bold, public action reveals a legacy of American activism, while it parallels an intimate experience of the Million Mom March for sensible gun laws. Gerda Lerner and Amy Swerdlow are featured historians as a generationally, racially and ethnically diverse crowd of 820,000 came together from across the United States and the World. Lerner and Swerdlow reﬂect on rich archival footage of a U.S. legacy of women’s and other’s (largely Civil Rights) activism. Participants’ personal motivations to attend the event are explored, along with barriers overcome to do so and responses to the experience. A range of respected professionals examines the ethical, medical and international ramiﬁcations of gun violence. Hope for an America true to its promise emerges as Lerner and Swerdlow offer an analysis of the March on a framework of other historic movements; rich archival footage interweaves and visually supports their accounts. Cameo statements from celebrities such as: Susan Sarandon, Marian Wright Edelman, Debbie Allen, Rabbi Eric Yoffie and Dr. Antonia Novello bring popular contemporary voices to the discourse. At this critical point in history, when the topic of civic engagement as a response to violence is present in the minds of the United States and the world, The Promise of America offers a reminder of the power and obligation individuals possess to participate in the process of social change. A disturbing statistic from the website: Most women are killed by their intimate partners and over two-thirds of those are killed by guns. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Homicide Trends in the U.S.: Intimate Homicide. USDOJ Producer Janet Fitch was voted "Best Local Activist" by the Shepherd Express Newspaper In the “Best of Milwaukee” issue, October 16, 2003. For more information visit: newmoononline.com/main.php
STOP DREAMING — KEEP WORKING V "Alliances for Social Change and Justice" Workshop
January 5, 2007 Pheasant Run, St Charles IL
This is the ﬁfth mid-year gathering organized to coincide with the mid-year governing council meeting of the NWSA which is open to all NWSA members. The purpose of the gathering is continue the work to build and enlarge antiracist community within NWSA by naming the difﬁculties and barriers and creating strategies to keep ourselves moving toward positive change. This interactive workshop will be grounded in a set of common readings and shared experiences. (Readings made available in advance)
Conference registration is $65.00 payable to the National Women’s Studies Association (NWSA) and sent to: 7100 Baltimore Ave, Ste. 502, College Park, MD 20740. Deadline: December 10, 2006. Questions or comments? Contact the organizing committee: Pat Washington (firstname.lastname@example.org) Sheena Malhotra (email@example.com) Ann Russo (firstname.lastname@example.org) Aimee Carrillo Rowe (email@example.com) Sponsored by the NWSA Women of Color Caucus and the NWSA Anti-White Supremacy Task Force
EVE’s Quest™ is a trivia game that celebrates women with something for everyone from charades, singing, drawing, intuition challenges to trivia.
"Maybe you already know that Patsy O. Sherman is a scientist and the inventor of Scotchgard. (I didn’t). But what did her high school aptitude test indicate that she would be best suited to do in life? In what year was the ﬁrst separate Olympic Village for women created? You might be tempted to think back several decades, but it was all too recent. Which daring pilot rescued other pilots, and was the ﬁrst person to successfully ﬂy solo across the Atlantic Ocean from west to east? Many of you might guess Amelia Earhart, but you’d be wrong. Move over Trivial Pursuit, there’s a new board game on the market that packs as much learning as fun into a couple of hours, but this time it is all about women. EVE’s Quest, created by Canadians, Odette McCarthy
and Joanna Broadhurst, is more than just another traditional board game. Their invention combines charades and dice-based games with challenging trivia questions that, on reﬂection, are not so trivial at all. " — Kathleen O’Grady, Research Associate at the Simone de Beauvoir Institute, Concordia University, Montréal, Québec.
Groovy game board, 6 players, 1 die, 1 timer (60 seconds), 12 help cards, 3 decks of question cards (over 1000 questions) in 15 categories.
Available From NWSA
San Francisco State University Women Studies Department Senior Scholar/Department Chair
The Women Studies Department at San Francisco State University seeks candidates for a senior faculty position, with the successful candidate to begin serving as Department Chair at the time of appointment, effective Fall 2007. Position Description The individual selected as Chair of Women Studies will assume a vital leadership role in a department with a complement of ﬁve full-time faculty members, including four highly capable assistant professors. This vibrant department has a rich history, and for the past decade it has been at the forefront of deﬁning and articulating a transnational perspective on the study of women, gender, and feminism. The department has roughly 70 majors and M.A. students, as well as a large population of minors, and makes signiﬁcant contributions to general education at the university. For further information about Women Studies at SF State, visit our website: http://www.sfsu.edu/~woms/. We seek an established scholar with strong and interesting publications, a record of excellent teaching, and signiﬁcant administrative experience. While candidates with varied disciplinary training and subject area specializations will be considered, we aim to appoint someone with a sure command of the interdisciplinary ﬁeld of women/gender studies, a strong commitment to transnational feminist study, and ﬂuency in feminist theory and gender studies at the intersections of race, sexuality, class, and nation. Qualiﬁcations Doctorate in Women Studies, or other appropriate ﬁeld with experience in women/gender studies. Must have experience in academic administration or demonstrable capacity to be an effective department chair. Rank, Tenure Status, and Salary Appointment will be at the Associate Professor or Professor level. We expect the successful candidate will present credentials that warrant an appointment with tenure. Salary competitive, commensurate with qualiﬁcations. SF State, as part of the California State University system, provides generous health and retirement beneﬁts, as well as domestic partner beneﬁts. The University San Francisco State University is a multi-purpose institution of higher education located in a large and diverse urban setting. The University serves a multicultural student body of close to 30,000, offering bachelor’s and master’s degrees in over 200 ﬁelds of study. Excellence in teaching is the University’s primary mission, although research and service to the community are high priorities. The University is dedicated to broadening the ethnic and cultural diversity of its faculty, staff, and students. San Francisco State University is one of 23 campuses in the California State University system. SFSU is an Equal Opportunity, Afﬁrmative Action Employer. To Apply Application materials must be postmarked by November 27, 2006. Submit a letter of application, curriculum vitae, a representative writing sample, teaching materials, and three letters of recommendation to: Professor Loretta Stec, Acting Chair , Women Studies Department San Francisco State University , 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132
NWSA SEEKS 'DIRECTOR OF MEETINGS' See page six for full details
CALL FOR PAPERS/CONFERENCES
MID-ATLANTIC WOMEN’S STUDIES ASSOCIATION “CREATIVE FORCES: WOMEN, ART, SCIENCE” Location: Bucks County Community College, Newtown, PA Date: Saturday, March 31, 2007 • Deadline: November 1, 2006 URL: http://www.bucks.edu/MAWSA/2007 Keynotes: Sandy Stone This conference spotlights the dynamic relations and fecund negotiations among the complex and interrelated domains of the arts, the sciences, and gender. Topics: We are seeking submissions that consider the cultural concept of gender and its uses as a category of inquiry and those that emphasize the permeable boundaries between “science” and “art,” as well as related pedagogial issues. CFP Email: MAWSA2007@bucks.edu Contacts: Susan Darrah 215-968-8152, Dr. Lois Gilmore 215-968-8176 With Keynotes from Helen THOMAS & Thenmozhi SOUNDARARAJAN March 31-April 2, 2006 Stata Center @ MIT, Cambridge, MA http://www.centerfornewwords.org/cnw_ programs/wam.php
NWSA JOURNAL CALL FOR PROPOSALS TO EDIT ASPECIAL ISSUE OF NWSA JOURNAL Deadline: March 1, 2007
T h e N W S A J o u r n a l i nv i te s proposals from scholars/activists who would like to edit a special issue or cluster issue for the NWSAJ. Through these special issues, we will continue NWSAJ’s tradition of publishing multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary articles on topics that are critical to the understanding of women’s lives. While special issues about any topic related to Women’s Studies may be submitted, we are especially looking for scholars and topics that focus on the following areas: • Pedagogical and Institutional Issues Related to Women’s Studies • Science, Technology, and Gender • Gender, Place, and Culture • Leadership and Activism.
In order to promote exploration of various aspects of women’s lives, we welcome proposals in any area if they explicitly foreground the diversity of women’s experiences. For example, these may include those related to race, ethnicity, class, sexual orientation, national/international identiﬁcation, and ability, but also family membership, professional and community engagement, access to social services, globalization, and participation in political spheres. Proposals should consist of the following information: I. Proposed theme and rationale, especially as it relates to the topics noted above II. Potential outline of key topical areas III. Proposed call for papers and publicity plan for soliciting articles IV. Description of peer review process V. Proposed timeline VI. List of co-editors with curriculum vitae Questions should be addressed to Becky Ropers-Huilman, 225-578-2892, or firstname.lastname@example.org. Please send your completed proposals to: National Women’s Studies Association Journal Becky Ropers-Huilman College of Education, 121C Peabody Hall Louisiana State University Baton Rouge, LA 70803
WHO'S WHAT! ACCOLADES FOR NWSA MEMBERS
Eastern Michigan University ˜ Solange Simoes, of Ann Arbor, has joined the WGST program and the Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology.
Old Dominion University The Women’s Studies Department welcomes Jennifer N. Fish as an Associate Professor of Women’s Studies. Texas Woman’s University
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro The Women and Gender Studies Program welcomes their ﬁrst full-time WGS faculty member, Visiting Assistant Professor, Danielle Bouchard. University of Wisconsin Oshkosh
˜ Solange Simoes
Jennifer N. Fish
Georgia Institute of Technology Colleen Petterson has been hired as Program Coordinator for the Georgia Tech Women’s Resource Center. This is a new full-time position at the WRC. Harvard College Susan Marine is the newly-appointed director of the Harvard College Women’s center opening this Fall. University of Illinois at Springﬁeld Annette Van Dyke has been promoted to Full Professor. Minnesota State University, Mankato Jocelyn Fenton Stitt was hired as a probationary (tenure track) faculty member in the Department of Women’s Studies.
Jillian Duquaine-Watson has been appointed Assistant Professor of Women’s Studies. University of Cincinnati Michelle Gibson has been appointed as an Associate Professor of Women’s Studies Amy Lind has been appointed the Mary Ellen Heintz Endowed Chair in and Associate Professor of Women’s Studies Olga Sanmiguel-Valderrama has been appointed as a tenure track Assistant Professor of Women’s Studies. University of Michigan-Dearborn The Women’s Resource Center welcomes Shareia N. Carter as the Program Coordinator. Washington State University
Jennifer Castillo is now the Director of Women’s Center at the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. Liz Cannon, the f o u n d i n g d i r e c t o r, returned to her previous position as an instructor in English and Women’s Studies.
Orlee Hauser was hired to become the ﬁrst joint appointment between Sociology and Women’s Studies at UW Oshkosh this Fall.
TENURE AND PROMOTION
Eastern Michigan University Carol Haddad, Professor of Technology Studies at EMU for the past 14 years, has assumed the position of Interim Director of the Women’s and Gender Studies Program.
Ohio State University Jill Bystydzienski is the new Chair of the Department of Women’s Studies.
Nishant Shahani is a new Assistant Professor in Women’s Studies. University of Nebraska- Lincoln
Jill M. Bystydzienski
Margaret Jacobs is now the director of Women’s & Gender Studies. University of North Carolina Chapel Hil Donna M. Bickford is the new Director of the Carolina Women’s Center.
Linda Schott, who became the ﬁrst permanent Director of EMU’s Women’s and Gender Studies 3 years ago, has accepted a position as Interim Associate Dean of EMU’s College of Arts and Sciences.
Continued on pg 63
WHO'S WHAT! ACCOLADES FOR NWSA MEMBERS
Continued from pg 63
Eastern Oregon University Tonia St. Germain was promoted from ﬁxed-term to tenure track this year. Illinois State University Paula Ressler received tenure and was promoted to Associate Professor. Roosevelt University Regina Buccola has been promoted to associate professor of Literature and Language at Roosevelt University, where she also serves as core faculty in Women’s and Gender Studies. Southern Illinois University Michelle Hughes Miller, Department of Sociology, has been promoted to Associate Professor. Texas Woman’s University AnaLouise Keating was promoted to the position of Professor of Women’s Studies. University of Illinois at Chicago Laurie Schaffner was promoted to Associate Professor with tenure in the Criminal Justice Department. She is a 2006-2007 Visiting Faculty at the American Bar Foundation. University of Cincinnati Wendy Eisner, received tenure and promotion to Associate Professor of Geography and Women’s Studies . Washington State University Linda Heidenreich received tenure and promotion to Associate Professor of Women’s Studies. Noel Sturgeon was promoted to Full Professor.
OTHER ACHEIVEMENTS AND AWARDS
Michele Tracy Berger, Assistant Professor, Curriculum in Women’s Studies was awarded an American Association of University Women ( A AU W ) ‘A m e r i c a n Fellow’ 2006-07 award for her new project on African American mother and daughter communication on Michele Tracy Berger health, well-being and sexuality. She is a member of the Women of Color Caucus. Carmon Faymonville at the University of Wisconsin-Platteville Women’s Studies Program received a Service Award. Leslie Friedman went to Bulgaria this spring as a Fulbright Senior Lecturer. She was invited to create a new performance work for the artists of the NationalAcademy of Theater & Film, in Soﬁa, Bulgaria. Pat Foster at the University of WisconsinPlatteville, Women’s Studies Program received a Woman of Color award. Yvo n n e J o h n s o n , Wo m e n’s St u d i e s Coordinator at Central Missouri State University, received a Fulbright Award to teach Women’s Studies at Envila Women’s Institute in Minsk, Belarus for the Spring 2007 semester. Irene Kai will ofﬁcially present the image she created for the International Day of Peace, Sept. 21 to the United Nations on October 24 in New York City. The peace
dove image is used by the United Nations for the Culture of Peace Initiative and also used as their signature image for the International Day of Peace. Molly Kerby, Instructor of Women’s Studies at Western Kentucky University, is a recipient of the 2006 K. Patricia Cross Future Leaders Award. The Association of American Colleges & Universities,received more than 250 nominations from 123 institutions across the country. Kerby is in the ﬁnal stages of her doctoral dissertation, and one of nine graduate students to receive this award. Rea Kirk, from the University of WisconsinPlatteville, Women’s Studies Program received a Woman of the Year Award. J u l i Pa r ke r re c e i ve d t h e U n i ve r s i t y of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, Yvonne Sandstroem University Service Award for promoting social justice. Stephanie Saucier Wodinsky, from Long Island, NY, won 2nd place of the “Management, Spirituality and Religion” special interest group’s (Academy of Management) Promising Disser tation Award. Ann Schonberger, University of Maine, received the 2006 Merle Nelson Women Making a Difference Award from the Maine Centers for Women, Work, and Community. Ann was recognized for her work in Women’s Studies statewide and nationally and for her volunteer work in the b a t t e r e d w o m e n ’s p ro j e c t s e r v i n g h e r county. Leora Skolkin-Smith’s book Edges: O Israel, O Palestine was awarded Leora Skolkin-Smith a stipend from the PEN/ Continued on pg 65
WHO'S WHAT! ACCOLADES FOR NWSA MEMBERS
Faulkner Writer-in-the School National Program and also selected for this year’s Miami International Book Festival. To n i a S t . G e r m a i n was nominated by the Democratic Party to run as the candiadate for State Representative from HD 57 in Oregon. Rebecca Wanzo of Ohio State University has been Tonia St. Germain awarded a Ford Foundation Fellowship for 2006-07. David Zierath from the University of Wisconsin-Platteville, Women’s Studies Program received a Liberal Arts & Education Teaching Excellence Award.
DEPAUL CELEBRATES 20 YEARS AND NEW MA PROGRAM By Ann Russo
The DePaul University Women’s and Gender Studies announces a NEW MA Program to begin Fall 2007. Last year, we celebrated our 20th Anniversary, and the approval of the MA Program offers us an opportunity for continuing to grow and develop in a multitude of directions. The Graduate Curriculum at DePaul * focuses on the interconnectedness of local, global, and transnational feminist theories, methodologies, research, public policies, and social movements * attends to interlocking systems of oppression and privilege - gender, race, sexuality, class, nation - to address issues of power,resistance, and social transformation * connects feminist theories to activism and social justice * engages communities through research, advocacy, and service The Program’s strengths build on the accomplishments of the past 20 years. The program has grown in numbers of faculty and students, expanded its curriculum in new directions, and built strong connections with community institutions and organizations. We’ve grown exponentially since our inception. We began with no WMS-speciﬁc faculty, and now we have eight full-time tenured and tenure-track faculty, one full-time visiting faculty, and two parttime faculty, and over 40 afﬁliated faculty across the university. While we’ve grown in numbers, we’ve also grown in our conceptions of“women” “men” “gender” and “feminism.” The program’s commitment to recognizing the interconnectedness of systems of oppression and privilege in local, national, and transnational contexts continues to deepen. In 2002, we changed our program’s name to Women’s AND GENDER Studies, and made a commitment to transforming our curriculum in terms of more comprehensively engaging global and transnational feminist perspectives as well as gender studies. DePaul’s WGS Program has a strong commitment to social justice and community services which is reﬂected in our involvement in many projects and initiatives for change. The program’s faculty, staff, and students have been integrally involved in the establishment of the Sexual Harassment Ofﬁce, the Women’s Center, the LGBTQA Student Suppor t Services ofﬁce, the LGBTQ Minor Program, the Stop Sexual Violence Taskforce, among others. And we have ongoing relationships with community-based organizations and initiatives. In the past several years, faculty in the program initiated and developed a Women and Gender Research Initiative which works with community members to effect social change through research addressing social policy, advocacy, and community development. Research projects collaborate with community groups such as: teen girls in changing urban neighborhoods; low-income families, organizations supporting domestic violence survivors; school programs to prevent relationship violence. The Initiative will provide graduate students with excellent research possibilities. For more information about the MA Program, check out our website http://www. depaul.edu/~wms and/or contact Ann Russo email@example.com
DePaul University The Women’s and Gender Studies Program at DePaul was approved for an MA Program that begins Fall, 2007. The MA was approved during their 20th Anniversary year. National Women’s Studies Association NWSA will be celebrating its 30th anniversary in 2007 and anticipates a series of special offerings and opportunities for members to commemorate the event. The University of North Carolina at Greensboro Celebrate their first class (10 students) enrolled in the new MA program in Women and Gender Studies. (see page 16 for full story)
ON THE 'NET
Challenging Our Own Thinking on Binary Busting
This site was created by Lisa Weiner-Mahfuz and Ana-Maurine Lara who are writers and organizers. They launched this site in an effort to build a community of resistance by addressing the binaries in our movements. This site offers opportunities for organizers, writers and artists to learn about, dialogue and actively challenge binary thinking and action. This is a continuously evolving site that incorporates new writings, new experiences and new perspectives on an on-going basis. The intention is that this site can serve as a resource for people who are concerned about how our movements are stunted by either/or thinking. http://www.bustingbinaries.com/
What Deﬁnes Your Generation of Women?
The one billion women in their twenties and thirties are, perhaps for the first time in history, a generation poised with the resources and tools to do something positive to address the many challenges that face them. Through education, technology, media and travel, this is the ﬁrst truly global generation. Thousands of young women around the world use Imagining Ourselves as a platform to share their views and connect with a global community. Now we invite you to take part and join us in answering the question: What Deﬁnes Your Generation of Women? Submit your work for our Online Exhibit! Download the application form below and read our easy steps to submit. http://imaginingourselves.imow.org/pb/CallForSubmissions. aspx?lang=1
Jewish Women’s Archive Project – Katrina’s Jewish Voices –Collects Jewish Experience of Katrina Online
"This Is What A Feminist Looks Like" Day
Northern Illinois University’s Women’s Studies program invites everyone to participate in what has become an annual ritual on their campus — "This Is What Afeminist Looks Like” sticker day. In 2007, the event will be on Thursday March 1. The deparment makes the stickers (about the size of poliitcal buttons) avaiable about two weeks ahead of time, and they publicize the fact extensively through the faculty, campus press, and email lists. The event has proved extremely popular and successful. If you would like to do this on your campus, please contant Rebekah Kohli, Program Coordinator, Women’s Studies Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115 Tel. (815) 753-1044, firstname.lastname@example.org
The Jewish Women’s Archive (JWA) has recently launched “Katrina’s Jewish Voices” — the only existing virtual archive for the Jewish response to Hurricane Katrina. JWA ﬁrst collected some “artifacts” (documents, photos, videos, emails), and now we’re beginning to collect 100 oral histories from Jews affected by Katrina. Most importantly, however, the website allows anyone affected by the hurricane to send in digital artifacts of their own. (And, of course, it allows anyone at all to view the artifacts and read the stories.) http://katrina.jwa.org
The National Women’s Studies Association 28th Annual Conference June 28-July 1, 2007 Pheasant Run, St. Charles, Illinois
PAST DEBATES, PRESENT POSSIBILITIES, FUTURE FEMINISMS A Women’s and Gender Studies Conference Celebrating 30 Years of NWSA
• Workshops, posters, panels, roundtables • Girls’ Studies Embedded Conference • Tribute Panel: A session format intended to honor past scholarship that has set new directions for the ﬁeld featuring a tribute to This Bridge Called My Back • Engaging Scholarship Sessions: * Girls Studies and Activism * Performing Feminisms * Im/Migration and Mobility * Women's History • Critical Issues in Women’s Studies seminars • Writing Workshops for graduate students and junior faculty • Three Pre-Conferences: * Program Administration and Development (PAD) * Women’s Centers * Students NWSA is also pleased to recognize and celebrate the 25th anniversary of the National Council for Research on Women (NCRW), and anticipates special conference programs and sessions honoring the organizations’ anniversaries.
Featured Conference Speaker SANDRA CISNEROS Sandra Cisneros, celebrated author of The House on Mango Street and the novel Caramelo, will be a featured speaker. She will read from Caramelo, which devotes much of its text to immigration issues, and comment on the politics of migration and mobility today. Before she was able to earn her living by her pen, Cisneros worked as an educator and counselor to high-school dropouts, an artist-in-the schools where she taught creative writing at every level except ﬁrst grade and pre-school, a college recruiter, an arts administrator, and a visiting writer at a number of universities including the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. She currently lives in San Antonio, Texas.
Complete details available at www.nwsaconference.org
Support the Future of Feminist Education Join NWSA or Renew Your Membership NOW for 2007
Web access to valuable publications and resources for women’s studies and women’s center directors, faculty, and staff The NWSAction newsmagazine and an invitation to submit articles —sent to 2000 sites and 15 countries Monthly e-news updates on NWSArelated activities and opportunities The NWSA Journal at a reduced rate An opportunity to promote your work and expertise through our Expert Source media contact list Reduced registration fees for the NWSA conference and the opportunity to present your work there Opportunities to participate in NWSA governance and to help shape the future of women’s studies Special purchase privileges from the NWSA Sales Catalog Committee and Community List-servs And much more . . .
The National Women’s Studies Association is the leading organization dedicated to advancing and promoting feminist education, scholarship, service, and community activism at the pre-K through post-secondary levels. NWSA has more than 2,000 individual and institutional members across the United States and around the world working in varied specialities. For more information about NWSA including access to membership forms visit: http://www.nwsa.org For information about our annual conference visit: http://www.nwsaconference.org
NWSA 7100 Baltimore Avenue, Suite 502 College Park, MD 20740 301-403-0524 • nwsaofﬁce@nwsa.org
Visit: www.nwsa.org/membership.php Supporting and promoting feminist research Working to end racism and all forms of oppression
National Women’s Studies Association University of Maryland 7100 Baltimore Avenue, Suite 502 College Park MD 20740