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Proximity Detector
The CS209A is a bipolar monolithic integrated circuit for use in metal detection/proximity sensing applications. The IC (see block diagram) contains two on-chip current regulators, oscillator and low-level feedback circuitry, peak detection/demodulation circuit, a comparator and two complementary output stages. The oscillator, along with an external LC network, provides controlled oscillations where amplitude is highly dependent on the Q of the LC tank. During low Q conditions, a variable low-level feedback circuit provides drive to maintain oscillation. The peak demodulator senses the negative portion of the oscillator envelop and provides a demodulated waveform as input to the comparator. The comparator sets the states of the complementary outputs by comparing the input from the demodulator to an internal reference. External loads are required for the output pins. A transient suppression circuit is included to absorb negative transients at the tank circuit terminal.

s Separate Current Regulator for Oscillator s Negative Transient Suppression s Variable Low-Level Feedback s Improved Performance over Temperature s 6mA Supply Current Consumption at VCC = 12V s Output Current Sink Capability 20mA at 4VCC 100mA at 24VCC

Absolute Maximum Ratings Supply Voltage ................................................................................................24V Power Dissipation (TA = 125¡C).............................................................200mW Storage Temperature Range ....................................................Ð55¡C to +165¡C Junction Temperature...............................................................Ð40¡C to +150¡C Electrostatic Discharge (except TANK pin) ................................................2kV Lead Temperature Soldering Wave Solder(through hole styles only) ...........10 sec. max, 260¡C peak Reflow (SMD styles only) ...........60 sec. max above 183¡C, 230¡C peak

Package Options
14L SO
OSC 1 TANK 2 Gnd 3
14 13 12 11 10 9 8


Block Diagram

OUT1 4 N.C. 5

DVBE/R Current Regulator 300mA Oscillator VBE/R Current Regulator




N.C. 7

4.8kW OSC Feedback 23.6kW




8 7 6 5


Neg Transient Suppression



Gnd 3 OUT1 4




Cherry Semiconductor Corporation 2000 South County Trail, East Greenwich, RI 02818 Tel: (401)885-3600 Fax: (401)885-5786 Email: Web Site:
Rev. 3/11/99





No Connection. Rload = 1kW) Switching Delay (ms) 5. metal is present.0 -100 -10 10. Complementary open collector output.CS209A Electrical Characteristics: -40¡C ² TA ² 125¡C unless otherwise specified PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT Supply Current ICC VCC = 4V VCC = 12V VCC = 24V VCC = 20V VCC = 24V VCC = 4V.1 1.5 2.5 550 -7. When OUT1 = LOW. Adjustable feedback resistor connected between OSC and RF set detection range.5 6.9 100 -8.11. IS =100mA VCC = 20V VCC = 20V VCC = 20V ITANK = -10mA 1.0 1950 1700 mA mA mA µA µA µA mV mv V V mV V mV mV Tank Current Output Leakage Current Output VSAT Oscillator Bias Feedback Bias Osc . VCC= 12V) Switching Delay (ms) (VCC = 12V.0 720 550 Package Pin Description -550 -60 3.9 1.0 -300 -30 0.8. Temperature 6. Ground connection. Connects to parallel tank circuit.01 60 200 1. Complementary open collector output. metal is present.6 20. When OUT2 = HIGH.0 11. Output Load Output Switching Delay vs.9 1440 1200 6. Supply voltage.5 4 3.Rf Bias Protect Voltage Detect Threshold Release Threshold Demodulator Charge Current VCC = 20V PACKAGE PIN# PIN SYMBOL FUNCTION 8L PDIP & SO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 14L SO 1 2 3 4 6 10 12 13 5. Typical Performance Characteristics Output Switching Delay vs.14 OSC TANK Gnd OUT1 OUT2 DEMOD VCC RF NC Adjustable feedback resistor connected between OSC and RF sets detection range.1 -250 -10.7.9. IS =20mA VCC = 24V.00 200 500 2.5 6 4.5 8 (T = 22°C. Input to comparator controlling OUT1 and OUT 2.5 -40 -20 0 20 40 Temperature (°C) 60 80 100 120 2 .0 11.5 2 100 4 8 12 Output Load (kW) 16 20 2.

The resulting reference then becomes approximately 1. Typically the maximum distance range the circuit is capable of detecting is around 0. the IC causes the output stages to switch states.0 0. The CS209A contains an oscillator set up by an external parallel resonant tank and a feedback resistor connected between OSC and RF.75 0. however. the higher the detection distance. Remove the metal and confirm that the outputs switch back to their normal state. As a metal object is brought close to the inductor. The final step in obtaining a high Q inductor is the selection of wire size.200 Distance To Object (in.2V. The next step is to select a core material with low loss factor (inverse of Q). This hysteresis is necessary for preventing false triggering. The formula commonly used to determine the Q for parallel resonant circuits is: R QP @ 2¹fRL .8k½. Distance for Different RF 1.25 5kW 7. assuming of course the Q of the tank is high enough to allow the object to be within the ICÕs detection range. Higher values of feedback resistance for the same inductor Q will therefore eventually result in a latched-ON condition because the residual voltage will be higher than the comparatorÕs thresholds. is diverted away from the capacitor in proportion to the negative bias generated by the tank at TANK.300 0. LITZ wire is recommended for this application. place the metal object at the maximum distance from the inductor the circuit is required to detect. The higher the frequency the faster the decrease in current density towards the center of the wire. As an example of how to set the detection range. When the internal comparator trips it turns on a transistor which places a 23.5 2. is then directly compared to an internal 1. 1. The detection is performed as follows: A capacitor connected to DEMOD is charged via an internal 30µA current source. For this application it is recommended to use a core which concentrates the magnetic field in only one direction. VCC = 12V) DEMOD (V) 1.5kW 15kW 17. Considering the many factors involved.3 inch. (See Figure 1) The voltage on the capacitor at DEMOD. Charge is therefore removed from the capacitor tied to DEMOD on every negative half cycle of the resonant voltage. This is accomplished very well with a pot core half. The feedback potentiometer connected between OSC and RF is adjusted to achieve a certain detection distance range.0 0.) 0. (See Test and Applications Diagram) The impedance of a parallel resonant tank is highest when the frequency of the source driving it is equal to the tankÕs resonant frequency. The larger the resistance the greater the trip-point distance (See graph Demodulator Voltage vs Distance for Different RF). L Unloaded. This current.5kW 1. Note also from the graph that the capacitor voltage corresponding to the greatest detection distance has a higher residual voltage when the metal object 3 is well outside the trip point. In the CS209A the internal oscillator operates close to the resonant frequency of the tank circuit selected. a DC voltage with ripple.100 0.5kW Object Not Detected.400 Principle of Operation The CS209A is a metal detector circuit which operates on the principle of detecting a reduction in Q of an inductor when it is brought into close proximity of metal. it is also recommended to operate at a resonant frequency between 200 and 700kHz. The higher the Q.CS209A Typical Performance Characteristics: continued Demodulator Voltage vs. Then adjust the potentiometer to obtain a lower resistance while observing one of the CS209A outputs return to its normal state (see Test and Applications Diagram). When the envelope of the oscillation reaches a certain level. Readjust the potentiometer slowly toward a higher resistance until the outputs have switched to their tripped condition.44V reference. the amplitude of the voltage across the tank gradually begins to drop.5kW 12.75 Object Detected (T = 21°C.6k½ resistor in parallel to the 4. Thus most of the current flow is concentrated on the surface of the wire resulting in a high AC resistance. The loss factor can be represented by a resistance in series with the inductor which arises from core losses and is a function of frequency. Note that this is a plot representative of one particular set-up since detection distance is dependent on the Q of the tank.

VOUT1 VTANK VDEMOD VDEMOD Figure 1. soda can: 0.053" 0. Temperature graph).01µF) that the response time is too slow.101" 0. Because the output stages go into hard saturation. The resistance component of the inductor consists primarily of core losses and Òskin effectÓ or AC resistance. for example.133" 0.113" 0. Figure 1 for example shows the capacitor ripple only and Figure 2 shows the entire capacitor voltage and the output pulses for an 8-tooth gear rotating at about 2400 rpm using a 2200pF capacitor on the DEMOD pin. For these applications the capacitor on DEMOD should not be selected too small (not below 1000pF) where the ripple becomes too large and not too large (not greater than 0. Capacitor ripple. Detection distances vary for different metals.087" Stainless steel Carbon steel Copper Aluminum Brass 0.CS209A Principle of Operation: continued where R is the effective resistance of the tank. detecting the teeth of a rotating gear. Following are different detection distances for some selected metals and metal objects relative to one particular circuit set-up: Commonly encountered metals: ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ Coins: ¥ US Quarter ¥ Canadian Quarter ¥ 1 German Mark ¥ 1 Pound Sterling ¥ 100 Japanese Yen ¥ 100 Italian Lira 12 oz. a time interval is required to remove the stored base charge resulting in both outputs being low for approximately 3µs (see Output Switching Delay vs. The resonant capacitor should be selected to resonate with the inductor within the frequency range recommended in order to yield the highest Q.044" 0.055" 0.080" 0. The capacitor type should be selected to have low ESR: multilayer ceramic for example.125" 0. 4 .090" 0. A different type of application involves.052" Note that the above is only a comparison among different metals and no attempt was made to achieve the greatest detection distance. Figure 2. If more information is required about output switching characteristics please consult the factory. Output pulse for an 8 tooth gear.093" 0.

CS209A Test and Application Diagram VCC RL 1kW OSC 20kW RL 1kW CS209A RF OUT1 NORMALLY HI OUT2 NORMALLY LO TANK Gnd DEMOD L: Core: Siemens B65531-D-R-33 52 Turns. Litz Unserved Single Polyurethane 4300pF CDEMOD 2200 pF L 5 . 6x44 AWG.

013) 1.050) BSC 1.02 5.25 (0. Please contact Cherry Semiconductor Corporation for the latest available information. 3/11/99 Description 8 L PDIP 8L SO Narrow 8L SO Narrow (tape & reel) 14L SO Narrow 14L SO Narrow (tape & reel) 6 Cherry Semiconductor Corporation reserves the right to make changes to the specifications without notice.015) MIN.022) .069) MAX 1.40 (. © 1999 Cherry Semiconductor Corporation .558 (.337 Thermal Data RQJC typ RQJA typ 8L PDIP 52 100 8L SO 45 165 14L SO 30 125 ¡C/W ¡C/W Plastic DIP (N).39 (.228) 0.145) 2.054) 1.10) 0.014) .400 .62 (.062) 1.77 (.57 (.280) 6.325) 7.55 English Max Min . 150 mil wide 4.27 (.10 (.008) D REF: JEDEC MS-012 0.344 .020) 0. REF: JEDEC MS-001 D Surface Mount Narrow Body (D).197 . 300 mil wide 7.80 8.300) 3.20 (.80 (.CS209A Package Specification PACKAGE DIMENSIONS IN mm (INCHES) PACKAGE THERMAL DATA D Lead Count 8L PDIP 8L SO 14L SO Metric Max Min 10.80 (.016) 0.92 (.33 (.19 (.203 (.045) 2.240) 8.54 (. .356 (.10 (. All specs are the same.356 (.37 (.75 (.010) 0.27 (.25 (.75 8.008) 0.150) 6.26 (.00 (.070) 1.014) Some 8 and 16 lead packages may have 1/2 lead at the end of the package.68 (.050) 0.157) 3.004) Ordering Information Part Number CS209AYN8 CS209AYD8 CS209AYDR8 CS209AYD14 CS209AYDR14 Rev.355 .11 (.16 9.14 (.00 4.115) 1.100) BSC .51 (.189 .244) 5.

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