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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System V100R005C00

Maintenance Guide
Issue Date 04 2010-10-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations of any kind, either express or implied. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide

About This Document

About This Document

Related Versions
The following table lists the product versions related to this document. Product Name OptiX RTN 620 iManager U2000 Version V100R005C00 V100R002C00

Intended Audience
This document is intended for the maintenance engineers of the OptiX RTN 620. Before reading this document, you need to: l l l Network planning engineer Data configuration engineer System maintenance engineer

Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Symbol Description Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.

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About This Document

OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide

Symbol

Description Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not avoided, could result in equipment damage, data loss, performance degradation, or unexpected results. Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save time. Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text.

General Conventions
The general conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Convention Times New Roman Boldface Italic Courier New Description Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman. Names of files, directories, folders, and users are in boldface. For example, log in as user root. Book titles are in italics. Examples of information displayed on the screen are in Courier New.

Command Conventions
The command conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Convention Boldface Italic [] { x | y | ... } [ x | y | ... ] Description The keywords of a command line are in boldface. Command arguments are in italics. Items (keywords or arguments) in brackets [ ] are optional. Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. One item is selected. Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by vertical bars. One item is selected or no item is selected.

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Convention { x | y | ... }*

Description Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. A minimum of one item or a maximum of all items can be selected. Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by vertical bars. Several items or no item can be selected.

[ x | y | ... ]*

GUI Conventions
The GUI conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Convention Boldface > Description Buttons, menus, parameters, tabs, window, and dialog titles are in boldface. For example, click OK. Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">" signs. For example, choose File > Create > Folder.

Change History
Updates between document versions are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document version contains all updates made to previous versions.

Updates in Issue 04 (2010-10-30)


This document is the fourth release of the V100R005C00 version. Update A Alarm Reference Description Added descriptions of the LFA, LMFA, and RMFA alarms.

Updates in Issue 03 (2010-05-30)


This document is the third release of the V100R005C00 version. Update 7 Supporting Task Description Added 7.20 Monitoring Ethernet Packets Through Port Mirroring.

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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide

Updates in Issue 02 (2010-03-30)


This document is the second release of the V100R005C00 version. Update A Alarm Reference Description Deleted the alarm SWDL_PKGVER_MM.

Updates in Issue 01 (2009-12-30)


This document is the first release of the V100R005C00 version.

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Contents

Contents
About This Document...................................................................................................................iii 1 Safety Precautions......................................................................................................................1-1
1.1 General Safety Precautions.............................................................................................................................1-1 1.2 Electrical Safety..............................................................................................................................................1-3 1.3 Flammable Air Environment...........................................................................................................................1-5 1.4 Radiation.........................................................................................................................................................1-5 1.5 Working at Heights.........................................................................................................................................1-7 1.6 Mechanical Safety.........................................................................................................................................1-10 1.7 Other Precautions..........................................................................................................................................1-11

2 Guides to High-Risk Operations............................................................................................2-1


2.1 Operation Guide to a Toggle Lever Switch.....................................................................................................2-2 2.2 Operation Guide to IF Jumpers.......................................................................................................................2-3 2.3 Operation Guide to IF Cables..........................................................................................................................2-4 2.4 Operation Guide to IF Boards.........................................................................................................................2-5

3 Routine Maintenance................................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Routine Maintenance Items.............................................................................................................................3-2 3.2 Guidelines for Routine Maintenance Items.....................................................................................................3-3 3.2.1 Checking the Status of NEs....................................................................................................................3-4 3.2.2 Browsing the Current Alarms................................................................................................................3-5 3.2.3 Browsing the History Alarms.................................................................................................................3-6 3.2.4 Browsing the Abnormal Events.............................................................................................................3-7 3.2.5 Browsing the Current Performance........................................................................................................3-7 3.2.6 Browsing the History Performance........................................................................................................3-8 3.2.7 Browsing the History Transmit Power and Receive Power...................................................................3-9 3.2.8 Testing IF 1+1 Switching.....................................................................................................................3-10 3.2.9 Testing IF N+1 Switching....................................................................................................................3-11 3.2.10 Testing Two-Fiber Bidirectional MSP Ring Switching.....................................................................3-12 3.2.11 Cleaning the Air Filter........................................................................................................................3-13 3.2.12 Checking the Equipment Room.........................................................................................................3-14 3.2.13 Checking the ODU.............................................................................................................................3-14 3.2.14 Checking the Hybrid Coupler............................................................................................................3-15 3.2.15 Checking the Antenna........................................................................................................................3-15 Issue 04 (2010-10-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. vii

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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide 3.2.16 Checking the IF Cables......................................................................................................................3-16 3.2.17 Checking the LOS Condition.............................................................................................................3-17

4 Emergency Maintenance...........................................................................................................4-1
4.1 Definition of Emergency.................................................................................................................................4-2 4.2 Purposes of Emergence Maintenance..............................................................................................................4-2 4.3 Procedure of Emergency Maintenance............................................................................................................4-2

5 Troubleshooting.........................................................................................................................5-1
5.1 General Troubleshooting Procedure................................................................................................................5-3 5.2 Troubleshooting Service Interruption.............................................................................................................5-5 5.3 Troubleshooting Radio Links........................................................................................................................5-10 5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services...............................................................................................5-19 5.5 Troubleshooting the Interconnection with the SDH Equipment...................................................................5-24 5.6 Troubleshooting the Interconnection with the PDH Equipment...................................................................5-27 5.7 Troubleshooting SDH/PDH Radio-Based Ethernet Service Faults..............................................................5-29 5.8 Troubleshooting Faults in Hybrid Radio-Based Ethernet Services..............................................................5-35 5.9 Troubleshooting Pointer Justifications..........................................................................................................5-41 5.10 Troubleshooting Orderwire Faults..............................................................................................................5-46

6 Part Replacement........................................................................................................................6-1
6.1 Removing a Board...........................................................................................................................................6-4 6.2 Inserting a Board.............................................................................................................................................6-5 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board...................................................................................................6-7 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board................................................................................................6-8 6.5 Replacing the PDH Interface Board................................................................................................................6-9 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board........................................................................................6-10 6.7 Replacing the IF Board.................................................................................................................................6-11 6.8 Replacing the PXC Board.............................................................................................................................6-12 6.9 Replacing the Storage Card...........................................................................................................................6-14 6.10 Replacing the SCC Board...........................................................................................................................6-18 6.11 Replacing the Fan Tray...............................................................................................................................6-19 6.12 Replacing an ODU......................................................................................................................................6-21 6.13 Replacing the IF Cable................................................................................................................................6-22

7 Supporting Task.........................................................................................................................7-1
7.1 Hardware Loopback........................................................................................................................................7-3 7.2 Cleaning Fiber Connectors and Adapters........................................................................................................7-3 7.2.1 Cleaning Fiber Connectors Using Cartridge Cleaners...........................................................................7-3 7.2.2 Cleaning Fiber Connectors Using Lens Tissue......................................................................................7-5 7.2.3 Cleaning Fiber Adapters Using Optical Cleaning Sticks.......................................................................7-6 7.3 Browsing Alarms, Abnormal Events, and Performance Events.....................................................................7-7 7.3.1 Checking the NE Status..........................................................................................................................7-8 7.3.2 Checking the Board Status.....................................................................................................................7-9 7.3.3 Browsing the Current Alarms................................................................................................................7-9 viii Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Issue 04 (2010-10-30)

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7.3.4 Browsing History Alarms.....................................................................................................................7-10 7.3.5 Browsing the Abnormal Events...........................................................................................................7-11 7.3.6 Browsing Current Performance Events................................................................................................7-12 7.3.7 Browsing the History Performance......................................................................................................7-12 7.3.8 Browsing the Performance Event Threshold-Crossing Records..........................................................7-14 7.4 Querying a Report.........................................................................................................................................7-14 7.4.1 Querying a Board Information Report Through the Web LCT............................................................7-15 7.4.2 Querying a Board Manufacture Information Report............................................................................7-15 7.4.3 Querying the Status of a Radio Link....................................................................................................7-16 7.5 Software loopback.........................................................................................................................................7-17 7.5.1 Setting Loopback for the SDH Optical Interface Board......................................................................7-17 7.5.2 Setting Loopback for the SDH Electrical Interface Board...................................................................7-19 7.5.3 Setting Loopback for the Tributary Board...........................................................................................7-21 7.5.4 Setting Loopback for the IF Board.......................................................................................................7-22 7.5.5 Setting Loopback for the Ethernet Service Processing Board.............................................................7-25 7.5.6 Locating the Fault by Performing Loopbacks......................................................................................7-27 7.6 Resetting........................................................................................................................................................7-28 7.6.1 Cold Resetting......................................................................................................................................7-29 7.6.2 Warm Resetting....................................................................................................................................7-29 7.6.3 SCC Resetting......................................................................................................................................7-30 7.7 PRBS Test.....................................................................................................................................................7-30 7.7.1 PRBS Test of the Tributary Board.......................................................................................................7-31 7.7.2 PRBS Test of the IF Board...................................................................................................................7-33 7.8 Querying the License Capacity.....................................................................................................................7-34 7.9 Setting the State of a Laser............................................................................................................................7-34 7.10 Setting the ALS function.............................................................................................................................7-35 7.11 Setting the Automatic Release Function.....................................................................................................7-35 7.12 Switching PXC Boards................................................................................................................................7-36 7.13 Configuring Performance Monitoring Status of NEs..................................................................................7-36 7.14 Querying the Impedance of an E1 Channel.................................................................................................7-37 7.15 Using Ethernet Test Frames........................................................................................................................7-38 7.16 Querying the Working Status of an Ethernet Port.......................................................................................7-39 7.17 Setting the Threshold of Received Traffic Flow on an Ethernet Port.........................................................7-40 7.18 Performing Statistics for the Traffic Flow on an Ethernet Port..................................................................7-41 7.19 Performing Statistics for the Traffic Flow of Ethernet Services.................................................................7-42 7.20 Monitoring Ethernet Packets Through Port Mirroring................................................................................7-42

A Alarm Reference.......................................................................................................................A-1
A.1 Alarm List......................................................................................................................................................A-2 A.2 Alarms and Handling Procedures................................................................................................................A-13 A.2.1 A_LOC...............................................................................................................................................A-13 A.2.2 ALM_GFP_dCSF...............................................................................................................................A-14 A.2.3 ALM_GFP_dLFD..............................................................................................................................A-15 Issue 04 (2010-10-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. ix

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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide A.2.4 AM_DOWNSHIFT............................................................................................................................A-16 A.2.5 APS_FAIL..........................................................................................................................................A-17 A.2.6 APS_INDI..........................................................................................................................................A-19 A.2.7 APS_MANUAL_STOP.....................................................................................................................A-20 A.2.8 AU_AIS..............................................................................................................................................A-21 A.2.9 AU_LOP.............................................................................................................................................A-23 A.2.10 B1_EXC...........................................................................................................................................A-24 A.2.11 B1_SD..............................................................................................................................................A-27 A.2.12 B2_EXC...........................................................................................................................................A-30 A.2.13 B2_SD..............................................................................................................................................A-33 A.2.14 B3_EXC...........................................................................................................................................A-35 A.2.15 B3_EXC_VC3..................................................................................................................................A-38 A.2.16 B3_SD..............................................................................................................................................A-41 A.2.17 B3_SD_VC3.....................................................................................................................................A-43 A.2.18 BD_NOT_INSTALLED..................................................................................................................A-46 A.2.19 BD_STATUS...................................................................................................................................A-47 A.2.20 BIP_EXC..........................................................................................................................................A-49 A.2.21 BIP_SD.............................................................................................................................................A-50 A.2.22 BOOTROM_BAD............................................................................................................................A-52 A.2.23 C2_VCAIS.......................................................................................................................................A-53 A.2.24 CONFIG_NOSUPPORT..................................................................................................................A-54 A.2.25 DBMS_ERROR...............................................................................................................................A-56 A.2.26 DBMS_PROTECT_MODE.............................................................................................................A-58 A.2.27 DOWN_E1_AIS...............................................................................................................................A-59 A.2.28 E1_LOC............................................................................................................................................A-60 A.2.29 E1_LOS............................................................................................................................................A-61 A.2.30 ESN_INVALID................................................................................................................................A-62 A.2.31 ETH_CFM_MISMERGE.................................................................................................................A-63 A.2.32 ETH_CFM_UNEXPERI..................................................................................................................A-65 A.2.33 ETH_CFM_LOC..............................................................................................................................A-67 A.2.34 ETH_CFM_RDI...............................................................................................................................A-69 A.2.35 ETH_LOS.........................................................................................................................................A-71 A.2.36 ETHOAM_DISCOVER_FAIL........................................................................................................A-72 A.2.37 ETHOAM_RMT_CRIT_FAULT....................................................................................................A-74 A.2.38 ETHOAM_RMT_LOOP..................................................................................................................A-75 A.2.39 ETHOAM_RMT_SD.......................................................................................................................A-77 A.2.40 ETHOAM_SELF_LOOP.................................................................................................................A-78 A.2.41 ETHOAM_VCG_SELF_LOOP.......................................................................................................A-80 A.2.42 EX_ETHOAM_CC_LOS.................................................................................................................A-81 A.2.43 EX_ETHOAM_MPID_CNFLCT....................................................................................................A-83 A.2.44 EXT_SYNC_LOS............................................................................................................................A-85 A.2.45 F1PORT_FAILED...........................................................................................................................A-86

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A.2.46 FAN_FAIL.......................................................................................................................................A-87 A.2.47 FCS_ERR.........................................................................................................................................A-88 A.2.48 FLOW_OVER..................................................................................................................................A-90 A.2.49 HARD_BAD....................................................................................................................................A-91 A.2.50 HP_CROSSTR.................................................................................................................................A-93 A.2.51 HP_LOM..........................................................................................................................................A-94 A.2.52 HP_RDI............................................................................................................................................A-96 A.2.53 HP_REI.............................................................................................................................................A-97 A.2.54 HP_SLM...........................................................................................................................................A-98 A.2.55 HP_TIM............................................................................................................................................A-99 A.2.56 HP_UNEQ......................................................................................................................................A-100 A.2.57 HPAD_CROSSTR.........................................................................................................................A-102 A.2.58 IF_CABLE_OPEN.........................................................................................................................A-103 A.2.59 IF_INPWR_ABN...........................................................................................................................A-104 A.2.60 IF_MODE_UNSUPPORTED........................................................................................................A-106 A.2.61 IN_PWR_HIGH.............................................................................................................................A-107 A.2.62 IN_PWR_LOW..............................................................................................................................A-108 A.2.63 J0_MM...........................................................................................................................................A-110 A.2.64 K1_K2_M.......................................................................................................................................A-111 A.2.65 K2_M..............................................................................................................................................A-113 A.2.66 LAG_PORT_FAIL.........................................................................................................................A-115 A.2.67 LAG_VC_PORT_FAIL.................................................................................................................A-117 A.2.68 LASER_CLOSED..........................................................................................................................A-118 A.2.69 LASER_MOD_ERR_EX...............................................................................................................A-119 A.2.70 LCAS_FOPR..................................................................................................................................A-121 A.2.71 LCAS_FOPT..................................................................................................................................A-122 A.2.72 LCAS_PLCR..................................................................................................................................A-124 A.2.73 LCAS_PLCT..................................................................................................................................A-125 A.2.74 LCAS_TLCR..................................................................................................................................A-127 A.2.75 LCAS_TLCT..................................................................................................................................A-129 A.2.76 LCS_LIMITED..............................................................................................................................A-130 A.2.77 LFA.................................................................................................................................................A-132 A.2.78 LICENSE_LOST............................................................................................................................A-133 A.2.79 LICENSE_ERR..............................................................................................................................A-134 A.2.80 LINK_ERR.....................................................................................................................................A-135 A.2.81 LMFA.............................................................................................................................................A-137 A.2.82 LOOP_ALM...................................................................................................................................A-138 A.2.83 LP_CROSSTR................................................................................................................................A-140 A.2.84 LP_R_FIFO....................................................................................................................................A-141 A.2.85 LP_RDI...........................................................................................................................................A-142 A.2.86 LP_RDI_VC12...............................................................................................................................A-143 A.2.87 LP_RDI_VC3.................................................................................................................................A-144 Issue 04 (2010-10-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies 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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide A.2.88 LP_REI...........................................................................................................................................A-145 A.2.89 LP_REI_VC12...............................................................................................................................A-146 A.2.90 LP_REI_VC3.................................................................................................................................A-147 A.2.91 LP_RFI...........................................................................................................................................A-148 A.2.92 LP_SIZE_ERR...............................................................................................................................A-149 A.2.93 LP_SLM.........................................................................................................................................A-150 A.2.94 LP_SLM_VC12..............................................................................................................................A-151 A.2.95 LP_SLM_VC3................................................................................................................................A-152 A.2.96 LP_T_FIFO....................................................................................................................................A-153 A.2.97 LP_TIM..........................................................................................................................................A-154 A.2.98 LP_TIM_VC12...............................................................................................................................A-155 A.2.99 LP_TIM_VC3.................................................................................................................................A-156 A.2.100 LP_UNEQ....................................................................................................................................A-157 A.2.101 LP_UNEQ_VC12.........................................................................................................................A-159 A.2.102 LP_UNEQ_VC3...........................................................................................................................A-160 A.2.103 LPS_UNI_BI_M...........................................................................................................................A-161 A.2.104 LPT_INEFFECT..........................................................................................................................A-162 A.2.105 LPT_RFI.......................................................................................................................................A-163 A.2.106 LSR_NO_FITED..........................................................................................................................A-165 A.2.107 LSR_WILL_DIE..........................................................................................................................A-166 A.2.108 LTI................................................................................................................................................A-167 A.2.109 MOD_TYPE_MISMATCH.........................................................................................................A-168 A.2.110 MS_AIS........................................................................................................................................A-170 A.2.111 MS_CROSSTR.............................................................................................................................A-171 A.2.112 MS_RDI.......................................................................................................................................A-172 A.2.113 MS_REI........................................................................................................................................A-174 A.2.114 MSAD_CROSSTR.......................................................................................................................A-175 A.2.115 MSSW_DIFFERENT...................................................................................................................A-176 A.2.116 MULTI_RPL_OWNER...............................................................................................................A-178 A.2.117 MW_BER_EXC...........................................................................................................................A-179 A.2.118 MW_BER_SD..............................................................................................................................A-180 A.2.119 MW_FEC_UNCOR.....................................................................................................................A-181 A.2.120 MW_LIM.....................................................................................................................................A-186 A.2.121 MW_LOF.....................................................................................................................................A-188 A.2.122 MW_RDI......................................................................................................................................A-193 A.2.123 NESF_LOST................................................................................................................................A-194 A.2.124 NESTATE_INSTALL..................................................................................................................A-196 A.2.125 NO_BD_SOFT.............................................................................................................................A-196 A.2.126 NP1_MANUAL_STOP................................................................................................................A-197 A.2.127 NP1_SW_FAIL............................................................................................................................A-198 A.2.128 NP1_SW_INDI.............................................................................................................................A-200 A.2.129 OPM_FAIL...................................................................................................................................A-201

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A.2.130 P_AIS...........................................................................................................................................A-202 A.2.131 P_LOS..........................................................................................................................................A-203 A.2.132 PROT_CONN_ERR.....................................................................................................................A-204 A.2.133 PORT_MODULE_OFFLINE......................................................................................................A-206 A.2.134 POWER_ALM.............................................................................................................................A-208 A.2.135 PS..................................................................................................................................................A-209 A.2.136 R_F_RST......................................................................................................................................A-210 A.2.137 R_LOC.........................................................................................................................................A-211 A.2.138 R_LOF..........................................................................................................................................A-213 A.2.139 R_LOS..........................................................................................................................................A-215 A.2.140 R_S_ERR.....................................................................................................................................A-217 A.2.141 RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF......................................................................................A-218 A.2.142 RADIO_MUTE............................................................................................................................A-220 A.2.143 RADIO_RSL_BEYONDTH........................................................................................................A-221 A.2.144 RADIO_RSL_HIGH....................................................................................................................A-222 A.2.145 RADIO_RSL_LOW.....................................................................................................................A-223 A.2.146 RADIO_TSL_HIGH....................................................................................................................A-225 A.2.147 RADIO_TSL_LOW.....................................................................................................................A-226 A.2.148 RELAY_ALARM........................................................................................................................A-227 A.2.149 RMFA...........................................................................................................................................A-228 A.2.150 RP_LOC.......................................................................................................................................A-229 A.2.151 RPS_INDI.....................................................................................................................................A-229 A.2.152 RS_CROSSTR.............................................................................................................................A-231 A.2.153 RTC_FAIL...................................................................................................................................A-232 A.2.154 S1_SYN_CHANGE.....................................................................................................................A-233 A.2.155 SWDL_ACTIVATED_TIMEOUT..............................................................................................A-234 A.2.156 SWDL_AUTOMATCH_INH......................................................................................................A-235 A.2.157 SWDL_COMMIT_FAIL.............................................................................................................A-236 A.2.158 SWDL_CHGMNG_NOMATCH.................................................................................................A-237 A.2.159 SWDL_INPROCESS...................................................................................................................A-238 A.2.160 SWDL_NEPKGCHECK..............................................................................................................A-239 A.2.161 SWDL_PKG_NOBDSOFT..........................................................................................................A-239 A.2.162 SWDL_ROLLBACK_FAIL........................................................................................................A-240 A.2.163 SYN_BAD....................................................................................................................................A-241 A.2.164 SYNC_C_LOS.............................................................................................................................A-242 A.2.165 T_ALOS.......................................................................................................................................A-243 A.2.166 T_F_RST......................................................................................................................................A-245 A.2.167 T_LOC..........................................................................................................................................A-246 A.2.168 T_LOS..........................................................................................................................................A-247 A.2.169 TEMP_ALARM...........................................................................................................................A-249 A.2.170 TU_AIS........................................................................................................................................A-250 A.2.171 TU_AIS_VC12.............................................................................................................................A-252 Issue 04 (2010-10-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. xiii

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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide A.2.172 TU_AIS_VC3...............................................................................................................................A-254 A.2.173 TU_LOP.......................................................................................................................................A-256 A.2.174 TU_LOP_VC12............................................................................................................................A-258 A.2.175 TU_LOP_VC3..............................................................................................................................A-260 A.2.176 UP_E1_AIS..................................................................................................................................A-262 A.2.177 VCAT_LOA.................................................................................................................................A-263 A.2.178 VCAT_LOM_VC12.....................................................................................................................A-264 A.2.179 VCAT_LOM_VC3.......................................................................................................................A-266 A.2.180 VCAT_SQM_VC12.....................................................................................................................A-267 A.2.181 VCAT_SQM_VC3.......................................................................................................................A-268 A.2.182 VOLT_LOS..................................................................................................................................A-270 A.2.183 W_R_Failure................................................................................................................................A-272 A.2.184 WRG_BD_TYPE.........................................................................................................................A-273 A.2.185 WRG_DEV_TYPE.......................................................................................................................A-274 A.2.186 WS_LOS.......................................................................................................................................A-275 A.2.187 XCP_INDI....................................................................................................................................A-276 A.2.188 XPIC_LOS...................................................................................................................................A-277

B Abnormal Event Reference.....................................................................................................B-1


B.1 Important Abnormal Events...........................................................................................................................B-2 B.2 Important Abnormal Events and Handling Procedures.................................................................................B-2 B.2.1 IF 1+1 Protection Switching.................................................................................................................B-3 B.2.2 N+1 Protection Switching.....................................................................................................................B-5 B.2.3 SDH SNCP Protection Switching.........................................................................................................B-7 B.2.4 Ring MS Switching...............................................................................................................................B-8 B.2.5 Linear MS Switching..........................................................................................................................B-10 B.2.6 Cross-Connect and Timing Board Switching.....................................................................................B-12 B.2.7 ERPS Protection Switching................................................................................................................B-14 B.2.8 RMON Performance Value Below the Lower Limit..........................................................................B-15 B.2.9 RMON Performance Value Above the Upper Limit..........................................................................B-16

C Performance Event Reference................................................................................................C-1


C.1 Performance Event List..................................................................................................................................C-2 C.1.1 SDH/PDH Performance Events............................................................................................................C-2 C.1.2 Microwave Performance Events...........................................................................................................C-7 C.1.3 Other Performance Events....................................................................................................................C-9 C.2 Performance Events and Handling Procedures............................................................................................C-11 C.2.1 AUPJCHIGH, AUPJCLOW, and AUPJCNEW.................................................................................C-11 C.2.2 ATPC_P_ADJUST and ATPC_N_ADJUST.....................................................................................C-12 C.2.3 TUPJCHIGH, TUPJCLOW, and TUPJCNEW..................................................................................C-12 C.2.4 RSBBE, RSES, RSSES, RSCSES, and RSUAS................................................................................C-13 C.2.5 RSOOF and RSOFS............................................................................................................................C-15 C.2.6 MSBBE, MSES, MSSES, MSCSES, and MSUAS............................................................................C-16 C.2.7 MSFEBBE, MSFEES, MSFESES, MSFECSES, and MSFEUAS.....................................................C-17 xiv Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Issue 04 (2010-10-30)

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Contents

C.2.8 HPBBE, HPES, HPSES, HPCSES, and HPUAS...............................................................................C-18 C.2.9 HPFEBBE, HPFEES, HPFESES, HPFECSES, and HPFEUAS........................................................C-20 C.2.10 IF_BBE, IF_ES, IF_SES, IF_CSES, and IF_UAS...........................................................................C-21 C.2.11 VC3BBE, VC3ES, VC3SES, VC3CSES, and VC3UAS.................................................................C-22 C.2.12 VC3FEBBE, VC3FEES, VC3FESES, VC3FECSES, and VC3FEUAS..........................................C-23 C.2.13 LPBBE, LPES, LPSES, LPCSES, and LPUAS................................................................................C-24 C.2.14 LPFEBBE, LPFEES, LPFESES, LPFECSES, and LPFEUAS........................................................C-26 C.2.15 E3_LCV_SDH, E3_LES_SDH, and E3_LSES_SDH......................................................................C-27 C.2.16 T3_LCV_SDH, T3_LES_SDH, and T3_LSES_SDH......................................................................C-28 C.2.17 TSL_MAX, TSL_MIN, TSL_CUR, and TSL_AVG.......................................................................C-29 C.2.18 RSL_MAX, RSL_MIN, RSL_CUR, and RSL_AVG......................................................................C-29 C.2.19 RLHTT, RLLTT, TLHTT, and TLLTT............................................................................................C-30 C.2.20 ACMDOWNCNT and ACMUPCNT...............................................................................................C-30 C.2.21 FEC_BEF_COR_ER, FEC_COR_BYTE_CNT, and FEC_UNCOR_BLOCK_CNT.....................C-31 C.2.22 QPSKWS, QAMWS16, QAMWS32, QAMWS64, QAMWS128, and QAMWS256.....................C-32 C.2.23 TPLMAX, TPLMIN, and TPLCUR.................................................................................................C-33 C.2.24 RPLMAX, RPLMIN, and RPLCUR................................................................................................C-33 C.2.25 BDTMPMAX, BDTMPMIN, and BDTMPCUR.............................................................................C-34 C.2.26 OSPITMPMAX, OSPITMPMIN, and OSPITMPCUR....................................................................C-35

D RMON Event Reference.........................................................................................................D-1


D.1 List of RMON Alarm Entries........................................................................................................................D-2 D.2 List of RMON Performance Entries..............................................................................................................D-2 D.3 RMON Alarm Clearance Reference..............................................................................................................D-6 D.3.1 DropEvent.............................................................................................................................................D-6 D.3.2 UndersizePkts.......................................................................................................................................D-7 D.3.3 OversizePkts.........................................................................................................................................D-8 D.3.4 Fragments.............................................................................................................................................D-9 D.3.5 Jabbers................................................................................................................................................D-10 D.3.6 FCSErrors...........................................................................................................................................D-10

E Alarm Management..................................................................................................................E-1
E.1 NE Alarm Management..................................................................................................................................E-2 E.2 Board Alarm Management.............................................................................................................................E-2 E.2.1 Setting the Alarm Severity....................................................................................................................E-3 E.2.2 Alarm Suppression................................................................................................................................E-3 E.2.3 Alarm Auto-Report................................................................................................................................E-3 E.2.4 Alarm Reversion....................................................................................................................................E-3 E.2.5 Setting of the Bit Error Alarm Threshold..............................................................................................E-4 E.2.6 AIS Insertion.........................................................................................................................................E-4 E.2.7 UNEQ Insertion.....................................................................................................................................E-6

F Performance Event Management............................................................................................F-1


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F.2 Board Performance Event Management.........................................................................................................F-2

G Alarm Suppression Relationship.........................................................................................G-1 H Glossary.....................................................................................................................................H-1


H.1 0-9..................................................................................................................................................................H-2 H.2 A-E................................................................................................................................................................H-2 H.3 F-J................................................................................................................................................................H-11 H.4 K-O..............................................................................................................................................................H-16 H.5 P-T...............................................................................................................................................................H-22 H.6 U-Z..............................................................................................................................................................H-30

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Figures

Figures
Figure 1-1 Wearing an ESD wrist strap...............................................................................................................1-5 Figure 1-2 Weight lifting......................................................................................................................................1-8 Figure 1-3 Schematic diagram of slanting a ladder..............................................................................................1-9 Figure 1-4 Schematic diagram of the ladder one meter higher than the eave......................................................1-9 Figure 2-1 Toggle lever switch............................................................................................................................2-2 Figure 4-1 Main procedure of emergency maintenance.......................................................................................4-3 Figure 4-2 Procedure of on-site fault handling.....................................................................................................4-6 Figure 5-1 General fault locating procedures.......................................................................................................5-4 Figure 5-2 Flow of handling a service interruption..............................................................................................5-6 Figure 5-3 Procedure of on-site fault handling.....................................................................................................5-8 Figure 5-4 Flow of handling radio link faults....................................................................................................5-15 Figure 5-5 Flow of handling bit errors...............................................................................................................5-22 Figure 5-6 Flow of troubleshooting the interconnection with the SDH equipment...........................................5-25 Figure 5-7 Flow of troubleshooting the interconnection with the PDH equipment...........................................5-28 Figure 5-8 Flow of handling Ethernet service faults..........................................................................................5-31 Figure 5-9 Flow of handling RMON abnormal performance events.................................................................5-34 Figure 5-10 Flow of handling an Ethernet service fault.....................................................................................5-37 Figure 5-11 Flow of handling an abnormal RMON performance event............................................................5-40 Figure 5-12 Flow of handling pointer justifications...........................................................................................5-44 Figure 5-13 Flow of handling orderwire faults..................................................................................................5-47 Figure 6-1 Removing a board (1).........................................................................................................................6-4 Figure 6-2 Removing a board (2) ........................................................................................................................6-4 Figure 6-3 Removing a board (3).........................................................................................................................6-5 Figure 6-4 Inserting a board (1)...........................................................................................................................6-5 Figure 6-5 Inserting a board (2)...........................................................................................................................6-6 Figure 6-6 Inserting a board (3)...........................................................................................................................6-6 Figure 6-7 Positions of the jumpers and storage card........................................................................................6-15 Figure 6-8 Removing a Storage Card.................................................................................................................6-17 Figure 6-9 Installing a Storage Card..................................................................................................................6-18 Figure 6-10 Removing the front panel of the fan tray........................................................................................6-20 Figure 6-11 Removing the fan tray....................................................................................................................6-20 Figure 7-1 CLETOP cassette cleaner...................................................................................................................7-4 Figure 7-2 Dragging the fiber tip slightly on one cleaning area...........................................................................7-4 Issue 04 (2010-10-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. xvii

Figures

OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide Figure 7-3 Dragging the fiber tip slightly on the other cleaning area..................................................................7-5

Figure 7-4 Cleaning the fiber with the lens tissue ...............................................................................................7-6 Figure 7-5 Inloop................................................................................................................................................7-17 Figure 7-6 Outloop.............................................................................................................................................7-18 Figure 7-7 VC-4 path outloop............................................................................................................................7-18 Figure 7-8 VC-4 path inloop..............................................................................................................................7-18 Figure 7-9 Inloop................................................................................................................................................7-20 Figure 7-10 Outloop...........................................................................................................................................7-20 Figure 7-11 VC-4 path outloop..........................................................................................................................7-20 Figure 7-12 Inloop..............................................................................................................................................7-21 Figure 7-13 Outloop...........................................................................................................................................7-22 Figure 7-14 Inloop..............................................................................................................................................7-23 Figure 7-15 Outloop...........................................................................................................................................7-23 Figure 7-16 Inloop..............................................................................................................................................7-23 Figure 7-17 Outloop...........................................................................................................................................7-24 Figure 7-18 VC-4 path inloop............................................................................................................................7-24 Figure 7-19 Inloop..............................................................................................................................................7-25 Figure 7-20 VC-3 path inloop............................................................................................................................7-26 Figure 7-21 VC-3 path outloop..........................................................................................................................7-26 Figure 7-22 Service Trail...................................................................................................................................7-28 Figure 7-23 PRBS test in the tributary direction................................................................................................7-31 Figure 7-24 PRBS test in the cross-connect direction........................................................................................7-31 Figure 7-25 Ethernet test frames between Ethernet boards................................................................................7-38 Figure 7-26 Schematic diagram of Ethernet port mirroring...............................................................................7-43 Figure 7-27 Uplink mirroring direction..............................................................................................................7-43 Figure 7-28 Downlink mirroring direction.........................................................................................................7-44

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Tables

Tables
Table 4-1 Description of the main procedure of emergency maintenance...........................................................4-4 Table 4-2 Sheet for on-site operations..................................................................................................................4-5 Table 4-3 Procedure of on-site fault handling......................................................................................................4-7 Table 5-1 Flow description...................................................................................................................................5-5 Table 5-2 Flow description...................................................................................................................................5-7 Table 5-3 Procedure of on-site fault handling......................................................................................................5-9 Table 5-4 Causes of radio link faults..................................................................................................................5-11 Table 5-5 Flow description.................................................................................................................................5-16 Table 5-6 Causes of bit errors.............................................................................................................................5-21 Table 5-7 Flow description.................................................................................................................................5-23 Table 5-8 Flow description.................................................................................................................................5-26 Table 5-9 Flow description.................................................................................................................................5-29 Table 5-10 Flow description...............................................................................................................................5-32 Table 5-11 Flow description...............................................................................................................................5-34 Table 5-12 Flow description...............................................................................................................................5-38 Table 5-13 Flow description...............................................................................................................................5-40 Table 5-14 Flow description...............................................................................................................................5-45 Table 5-15 Flow description...............................................................................................................................5-48 Table 6-1 Part replacement description ...............................................................................................................6-1 Table 6-2 Setting the jumpers.............................................................................................................................6-15 Table A-1 Alarm list............................................................................................................................................A-2 Table B-1 Important abnormal events.................................................................................................................B-2 Table C-1 Pointer justification performance events............................................................................................C-2 Table C-2 Regenerator section error performance events...................................................................................C-3 Table C-3 Multiplex section error performance events.......................................................................................C-3 Table C-4 Higher order path error performance events.......................................................................................C-4 Table C-5 VC-3 path error performance events..................................................................................................C-5 Table C-6 Lower order path error performance events.......................................................................................C-6 Table C-7 Line side code violation performance events.....................................................................................C-6 Table C-8 Microwave power performance events...............................................................................................C-7 Table C-9 FEC performance events....................................................................................................................C-8 Table C-10 Performance events regarding radio link bit errors..........................................................................C-8 Table C-11 ATPC performance events................................................................................................................C-9 Issue 04 (2010-10-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. xix

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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide Table C-12 AM performance events...................................................................................................................C-9 Table C-13 Performance events regarding optical power.................................................................................C-10 Table C-14 Performance events regarding board temperature..........................................................................C-10 Table C-15 Performance events regarding temperature of a laser core.............................................................C-10 Table D-1 List of RMON alarm entries...............................................................................................................D-2 Table D-2 List of RMON performance entries....................................................................................................D-2 Table E-1 Setting of the bit error alarm threshold...............................................................................................E-4 Table E-2 Setting of the AIS insertion.................................................................................................................E-5 Table E-3 Setting of the UNEQ insertion............................................................................................................E-6 Table F-1 Board performance event management function.................................................................................F-2 Table G-1 Suppression relationship between intra-board alarms........................................................................G-1 Table G-2 Suppression relationship between inter-board alarms........................................................................G-2

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1 Safety Precautions

1
1.1 General Safety Precautions
Specific Safety Precautions

Safety Precautions

The general safety precautions include parts of the safety precautions. Read and follow these safety precautions before installing, operating, and maintaining the equipment. This topic also provides guidelines on how to select the appropriate measuring instruments and test devices.

Before installing, operating, and maintaining the equipment, read through the instructions and precautions carefully to minimize the possibility of accidents. The Danger, Caution, Warning, and Note items in this document do not cover all the safety precautions that must be followed. They are only parts of the safety precautions as a whole.

Symbols

DANGER
Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk that, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

WARNING
Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk that, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.

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CAUTION
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could cause equipment damage, data loss, performance degradation, or unexpected results.
NOTE

Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text.

Local Rules and Regulations


When operating the equipment, you must obey the local rules and regulations. The safety precautions provided in this document are supplementary and should be in compliance with the local safety regulations.

Basic Requirements for Installation


The installation and maintenance personnel of Huawei equipment must receive strict training and be familiar with the proper operation methods and safety precautions before any operation. l l l l Only the qualified and skilled personnel are allowed to install, operate, and maintain the equipment. Only the certified professionals are allowed to remove the safety facilities, and to troubleshoot and maintain the equipment. Any replacement or change of the equipment or parts of the equipment (including the software) must be performed by the certified or authorized personnel of Huawei. Any fault or error that may cause a safety problem must be reported immediately to the person in charge.

Grounding Requirements
The grounding requirements are applicable to the equipment that needs to be grounded. l l l l When installing the equipment, always connect the grounding facilities first. When removing the equipment, always disconnect the grounding facilities last. Do not damage the grounding conductor. Do not operate the equipment in the absence of a suitably installed grounding conductor. The equipment should be connected to the protection ground permanently. Before operating the equipment, check the electrical connections of the equipment, and ensure that the equipment is properly grounded.

Human Safety
l l l l Do not operate the equipment and cables in the case of lightning. To avoid electric shocks, do not connect the safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits to the telephone-network voltage (TNV) circuits. To prevent laser radiation from injuring your eyes, do not look at the optical port directly. Before operating the equipment, put on the electrostatic discharge (ESD) work uniforms, wear ESD gloves or an ESD wrist strap, and take off metallic articles, such as watch, bracelet, and ring, to prevent electric stock or injury of the human body.
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In the case of fire, keep away from the building or the area where the equipment is located and press the fire alarm system or dial the phone number for a fire call. In this case, do not enter the building which is on fire.

Equipment Safety
l l l l Before operation, install the equipment firmly on the ground or other rigid objects, such as a wall or a rack. When the system is operating, ensure that the ventilation hole is not blocked. When installing the front panel, use a tool to tighten the screws firmly. After installing the equipment, clean up the packing materials.

1.2 Electrical Safety


High Voltage

DANGER
l The high-voltage power supply provides the power for the equipment. Direct or indirect contact of high voltage and mains supply through damp objects may result in fatal danger. l Non-standard and improper high-voltage operations may result in certain accidents such as fire or electric shock. l l l l l The personnel who perform high-voltage operations must be certified for high-voltage and AC operations. The AC cables must be bridged and routed according to the local rules and regulations. When operating AC power supply facilities, obey the local rules and regulations. When performing high-voltage and AC operations, use special tools rather than general tools. When performing operations in a damp environment, ensure that the equipment is kept away from water. Switch off the power supply immediately if you find any water in the rack or if the rack is damp.

Thunderstorm

DANGER
Do not perform operations on high voltage, AC power, iron tower, or backstay in stormy weather conditions.

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Power Cable

CAUTION
Do not install or remove the power cable with the power on. Transient contact between the core of the power cable and the conductor may generate electric arc or spark, which may cause fire or injury to the eye. l l Before installing or removing the power cable, switch off the power supply. Before connecting the power cable, ensure that the power cable and label conform to the requirements for the installation.

Fuse

CAUTION
If the fuse on the equipment blows, replace the fuse with a fuse of the same type and specifications to ensure safe operation of the equipment.

Electrostatic Discharge

CAUTION
The static electricity generated by the human body may damage the electrostatic sensitive components on the board, such as the large-scale integrated circuit (LSI). l The human body generates a static electromagnetic field in the following situations: moving of the human body, friction of the clothes, friction between shoes and the ground, and holding ordinary plastic in hand. The static electromagnetic field will remain within the human body for a long time. Before operating the equipment, parts, circuit boards, or ASICs, wear an ESD wrist strap that is properly grounded. The ESD wrist strap can prevent the electrostatic-sensitive components from being damaged by the static electricity in the human body.

Figure 1-1 shows the method of wearing an ESD wrist strap.

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Figure 1-1 Wearing an ESD wrist strap

1.3 Flammable Air Environment


DANGER
Do not place or operate the equipment in an environment where flammable gas, explosive gas, or smog exists. Operations on any electronic device in an environment where explosive gas exists may cause extreme risks.

1.4 Radiation
Electromagnetic Exposure

DANGER
Danger indicates a hazard that, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

WARNING
Warning indicates a hazard that, if not avoided, could result in moderate or serious injury.

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CAUTION
Caution indicates a hazard that, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury. If multiple transmit antennas are installed on a tower or backstay, keep away from the transmit directions of the antennas when you install or maintain an antenna locally.

CAUTION
Ensure that all personnel are beyond the transmit direction of a working antenna.

Forbidden Area
The following requirements should be met: l Before entering an area where the electromagnetic radiation is beyond the specified range, the associated personnel must shut down the electromagnetic radiator or stay at least 10 meters away from the electromagnetic radiator, if in the transmit direction. A physical barrier and an eye-catching warning flag should be available in each forbidden area.

Laser

CAUTION
When handling optical fibers, do not stand close to, or look into the optical fiber outlet directly with unaided eyes. Laser transceivers are used in the optical transmission system and associated test tools. Because the laser transmitted through the bare optical fiber produces a small beam of light, it has the very high power density and is invisible to human eyes. When a beam of light enters the eyes, the retina may be damaged. In normal cases, viewing an un-terminated fiber or a damaged fiber with the unaided eye at distances greater than 150 mm does not cause eye injury. Eye injury may occur, however, if an optical tool such as a microscope, magnifying glass, or eye loupe is used to view the bare fiber end. To avoid laser radiation, read the following guidelines: l l l l All the operations should be performed by authorized personnel who have completed the approved training courses. Wear a pair of eye-protective glasses when you are handling lasers or fibers. Ensure that the optical source is switched off before disconnecting optical fiber connectors. Do not look into the end of an exposed fiber or an open connector when you are not sure whether the optical source is switched off.
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l l l

Use an optical power meter to check and ensure that the optical source is switched off by measuring the optical power. Before opening the front door of an optical transmission equipment, ensure that you are not exposed to laser radiation. Do not use an optical tool such as a microscope, a magnifying glass, or an eye loupe to view the optical connector or fiber that is transmitting optical signals.

Read the following instructions before handling fibers: l l Cutting and splicing fibers must be performed by the trained personnel only. Before cutting or splicing a fiber, ensure that the fiber is disconnected from the optical source. After disconnecting the fiber, connect the cover caps to the fiber connectors.

1.5 Working at Heights


CAUTION
When working at heights, be cautious to prevent objects from falling down. The requirements for working at heights are as follows: l l l l l The personnel who work at heights must be trained. The operating machines and tools should be carried and handled safely to prevent them from falling down. Safety measures, such as wearing a helmet and a safety belt, should be taken. Wear cold-proof clothes when working at heights in cold areas. Check all lifting appliances thoroughly before starting the work, and ensure that they are intact.

Weight Lifting

CAUTION
Do not enter the areas under the jib arm and the goods in suspension when lifting weight. l l l l l Ensure that the operators have completed the related training and have been certified. Check the weight lifting tools and ensure that they are intact. Lift the weight only when the weight lifting tools are firmly fixed onto the weight-bearing object or the wall. Use a concise command to prevent any incorrect operation. Ensure that the angle between the two cables is less than or equal to 90 degrees during the lifting, as shown in Figure 1-2.
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Figure 1-2 Weight lifting

Using the Ladder


Checking the Ladder l l Before using the ladder, check and ensure that the ladder is intact. Before using the ladder, check the maximum weight that the ladder can support. Overweight on the ladder is strictly prohibited.

Placing the Ladder A slant angle of 75 degrees is recommended. The slant can be measured with the angle square or with arms, as shown in Figure 1-3. When a ladder is used, the wide part of the ladder should stand on the ground. Otherwise, take certain protective measures on the base part of the ladder to prevent against sliding. Place the ladder on a rigid ground.

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Figure 1-3 Schematic diagram of slanting a ladder

When climbing the ladder, note the following points: l l l Ensure that the gravity center of your body does not deviate from the ladder edge. To lessen the danger and ensure the safety, keep your balance on the ladder before any operation. Do not climb higher than the forth highest step of the ladder.

If you intend to climb to the top, the length of the ladder should be at least one meter higher than the eave, as shown in Figure 1-4. Figure 1-4 Schematic diagram of the ladder one meter higher than the eave

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1.6 Mechanical Safety


Drilling Holes

CAUTION
Do not drill holes on the cabinet without prior permission. Improper drilling may cause damage to the internal cables and the EMC function of the cabinet. Metallic scraps produced by the drilling may fall into the cabinet and cause short circuits of the circuit boards. l l l l Before drilling a hole on the cabinet, remove the cables inside the cabinet. During the drilling, ensure that your eyes are protected properly. The flying metallic scraps may cause injury to your eyes. Before drilling a hole on the cabinet, wear the protection gloves. Take measures to prevent the metallic scraps from falling into the cabinet. After the drilling, clean up the metallic scraps.

Sharp Objects

CAUTION
When handling the equipment by hands, wear the protection gloves to avoid injury by sharp objects.

Fans
l l When replacing components, ensure that no objects such as components, screws, and tools fall into a fan that is running, to prevent damage to the fan or equipment. When replacing the equipment close to a fan, do not put a finger or a board into a fan that is running before the fan is switched off and stops running, to prevent injury to your hands or damage to the equipment.

Handling Heavy Objects


When handling heavy objects, wear the protection gloves to prevent injury to your hands.

CAUTION
l When handling heavy objects, ensure that the weight bearing measures are taken to prevent you from being pressed or sprained. l When taking the chassis out from the cabinet, draw attention to the equipment that is unstable or heavy on the cabinet, to prevent any pressing or smashing injury.

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When handling a chassis, generally, two persons rather than one person are required to handle a heavy chassis. When handling a chassis, keep your back straight and move gently to prevent you from being sprained. When moving or lifting a chassis, hold the handle or bottom of the chassis rather than the handle of a module (such as a power supply module, a fan module, or a board) that has been installed inside the chassis.

1.7 Other Precautions


Removing and Inserting Boards

CAUTION
When inserting a board, wear an ESD wrist strap or ESD gloves, and handle the board gently to avoid bending pins on the backplane. l l l Insert the board along the guiding slot. The contact of board circuits is not allowed to avoid short circuits or scratches. Do not touch the circuit, components, connectors, or routing channels of the board to prevent damage caused by electrostatic discharge of the human body to the electrostaticsensitive components.

Binding Signal Cables

CAUTION
Bind the signal cables separately from the high-current or high-voltage cables.

Routing Cables
In the case of extremely low temperature, heavy shock or vibration may damage the external plastic coatings of the cables. The following requirements should be observed to ensure safe implementation: l l All the cables can be routed only when the ambient temperature is higher than zero degrees. If the cables are stored in a place where the ambient temperature is lower than zero degrees, you must transfer them to a place where the ambient temperature is room temperature at least 24 hours before the operation. Handle the cables gently, especially in a low-temperature environment. Do not perform any improper operations, for example, pushing the cables down directly from a truck.

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High Temperature

WARNING
If the ambient temperature exceeds 55C, the temperature of the front panel surface marked the flag may exceed 70C. When touching the front panel of the board in such an environment, you must wear the protection gloves.

IF Cables

WARNING
Before installing or removing an IF cable, you must turn off the power switch of the IF board.

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2 Guides to High-Risk Operations

Guides to High-Risk Operations

About This Chapter


This topic describes the operations that easily cause human body injuries and equipment damage in the process of commissioning and maintenance. 2.1 Operation Guide to a Toggle Lever Switch The ODU-PWR switch and the SYS-PWR switch are toggle lever switches. When you turn on or turn off the toggle lever switch, perform the operations in strict compliance with the guidelines. Otherwise, the IF board or the power board may be damaged. 2.2 Operation Guide to IF Jumpers Before removing or installing an IF jumper, turn off the ODU-PWR switch. Otherwise, human body injuries may be caused, and the IF board or the ODU may be damaged. 2.3 Operation Guide to IF Cables Before removing or installing an IF cable, turn off the ODU-PWR switch. Otherwise, human body injuries may be caused, and the IF board or the ODU may be damaged. 2.4 Operation Guide to IF Boards Before removing or installing an IF board, turn off the ODU-PWR switch. Otherwise, the IF board or the ODU may be damaged.

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2.1 Operation Guide to a Toggle Lever Switch


The ODU-PWR switch and the SYS-PWR switch are toggle lever switches. When you turn on or turn off the toggle lever switch, perform the operations in strict compliance with the guidelines. Otherwise, the IF board or the power board may be damaged.

Position and Description of the Toggle Lever Switch


A toggle lever switch is used on the power board or IF board to control the power supply to the IDU or ODU. as shown in Figure 2-1. Figure 2-1 Toggle lever switch
O:OFF

I:ON

Turning On the Toggle Lever Switch

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1. 2. 3.

Pull the toggle lever switch out slightly. Turn it to the left. Release the toggle lever switch.

Turning Off the Toggle Lever Switch

1. 2. 3.

Pull the toggle lever switch out slightly. Turn it to the right. Release the toggle lever switch.

2.2 Operation Guide to IF Jumpers


Before removing or installing an IF jumper, turn off the ODU-PWR switch. Otherwise, human body injuries may be caused, and the IF board or the ODU may be damaged.

Procedure
Step 1 Turn off the ODU power switch on the IF board. For details, see 2.1 Operation Guide to a Toggle Lever Switch.

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DANGER
Do not remove any IF jumper before the ODU is powered off! Step 2 Remove or install an IF jumper. ----End

2.3 Operation Guide to IF Cables


Before removing or installing an IF cable, turn off the ODU-PWR switch. Otherwise, human body injuries may be caused, and the IF board or the ODU may be damaged.

Procedure
Step 1 Turn off the ODU power switch on the IF board. For details, see 2.1 Operation Guide to a Toggle Lever Switch.

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DANGER
Do not remove any IF cable before the ODU is powered off! Step 2 Install or remove an IF cable. ----End

2.4 Operation Guide to IF Boards


Before removing or installing an IF board, turn off the ODU-PWR switch. Otherwise, the IF board or the ODU may be damaged.

Procedure
Step 1 Turn off the ODU power switch on the IF board. For details, see 2.1 Operation Guide to a Toggle Lever Switch.

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DANGER
Do not remove or install any IF board before the ODU is powered off! Step 2 Disconnect the IF jumper or IF cable. Step 3 Remove or install an IF board. ----End

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3
About This Chapter

Routine Maintenance

The aim of routine maintenance is to detect and rectify latent faults in time before the equipment becomes faulty and services are affected. 3.1 Routine Maintenance Items Routine maintenance items are classified into the routine maintenance items carried out through the network management system (NMS), field maintenance items for indoor equipment, and field maintenance items for outdoor equipment. 3.2 Guidelines for Routine Maintenance Items This topic describes the guidelines for each routine maintenance item.

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3.1 Routine Maintenance Items


Routine maintenance items are classified into the routine maintenance items carried out through the network management system (NMS), field maintenance items for indoor equipment, and field maintenance items for outdoor equipment.

Routine Maintenance Items Carried Out Through the NMS


Maintenance Item Recomm ended Cycle Every day Every day Every week Every week Every week Every week Every week Half a year Remarks

3.2.1 Checking the Status of NEs 3.2.2 Browsing the Current Alarms 3.2.3 Browsing the History Alarms 3.2.4 Browsing the Abnormal Events 3.2.5 Browsing the Current Performance 3.2.6 Browsing the History Performance 3.2.7 Browsing the History Transmit Power and Receive Power 3.2.8 Testing IF 1+1 Switching

Applies to only the equipment that is configured in 1+1 protection mode. During the 1+1 protection switching time (<500 ms), the protected services are interrupted. Hence, it is recommended that you perform 1+1 protection switching when the traffic is light. Applies to only the equipment that is configured in N+1 protection mode. -

3.2.9 Testing IF N+1 Switching 3.2.10 Testing Two-Fiber Bidirectional MSP Ring Switching

Half a year Half a year

Field Maintenance Items for Indoor Equipment


Maintenance Item 3.2.11 Cleaning the Air Filter
3-2

Recommended Cycle Every two months

Remarks -

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Maintenance Item 3.2.12 Checking the Equipment Room

Recommended Cycle Every two months

Remarks -

Field Maintenance Items for Outdoor Equipment


Maintenance Item 3.2.13 Checking the ODU 3.2.14 Checking the Hybrid Coupler 3.2.15 Checking the Antenna 3.2.16 Checking the IF Cables 3.2.17 Checking the LOS Condition Recommended Cycle Half a year Half a year Half a year Half a year Half a year Remarks Perform a complete check after a level-8 or higher-level hurricane, an earthquake, or other exceptional circumstances.

3.2 Guidelines for Routine Maintenance Items


This topic describes the guidelines for each routine maintenance item. 3.2.1 Checking the Status of NEs By checking the NE status periodically, you can detect the abnormal statuses of one or more NEs in time. 3.2.2 Browsing the Current Alarms A current alarm refers to an alarm that is not cleared. By browsing the current alarms periodically, you can detect and rectify faults in time. 3.2.3 Browsing the History Alarms A history alarm is an alarm that is cleared. Periodically browsing and storing the history alarm information helps in locating and rectifying faults. 3.2.4 Browsing the Abnormal Events An abnormal event refers to an exception that arises in the system at a particular time. By browsing the abnormal events periodically, you can find the exceptions that occur in the equipment in time. 3.2.5 Browsing the Current Performance The counter of current performance events measures all the performance events that arise between the start time of the monitoring period and the current time. By browsing the current performance events periodically, you can learn about the performance change of the equipment in time. Hence, you can detect the latent hazards in time when the performance of the equipment starts to degrade. 3.2.6 Browsing the History Performance A history alarm is an alarm that is cleared. By browsing and saving the history performance events periodically, you can provide fault locating information for troubleshooting.
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3.2.7 Browsing the History Transmit Power and Receive Power By browsing the history transmit power and receive power periodically, you can learn about the change trend of the transmit power and receive power, which provides a reference for troubleshooting radio links. 3.2.8 Testing IF 1+1 Switching By testing IF 1+1 switching periodically, you can check whether the equipment is normally switched over. 3.2.9 Testing IF N+1 Switching By testing IF N+1 switching periodically, you can check whether the equipment is normally switched over. 3.2.10 Testing Two-Fiber Bidirectional MSP Ring Switching By testing two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring switching periodically, you can check whether the equipment is normally switched over. 3.2.11 Cleaning the Air Filter Periodically checking the air filter ensures that the air intake path of the fans is not blocked and thus prevents excessively high board temperature caused by degraded heat dissipation. 3.2.12 Checking the Equipment Room Periodically checking the equipment room not only ensures that the equipment can operate normally at appropriate temperature and humidity conditions, but also reduces the fault rate, and increases the service life of the equipment. 3.2.13 Checking the ODU By checking an ODU periodically, you can detect faults and latent hazards of the ODU in time. 3.2.14 Checking the Hybrid Coupler By checking a hybrid coupler periodically, you can detect faults and latent hazards of the hybrid coupler in time. 3.2.15 Checking the Antenna By checking an antenna periodically, you can detect faults and latent hazards of the antenna in time. 3.2.16 Checking the IF Cables By checking the IF cables periodically, you can detect faults and latent hazards of the IF cables in time. 3.2.17 Checking the LOS Condition By checking the LOS condition of the transmission link periodically, you can detect latent LOS faults on the transmission link in time.

3.2.1 Checking the Status of NEs


By checking the NE status periodically, you can detect the abnormal statuses of one or more NEs in time.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT
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Procedure
Step 1 In NE List, query Communication Status of an NE. Communication Status needs to be Normal. Step 2 Check Login Status of an NE. If the Login Status column of an NE is Not Logged In, log in to the NE. 1. 2. Select an NE, and then click NE Login. The NE Login dialog box is displayed. Enter a user name in User Name and a password in Password. l The user name is lct by default. l The password for the user lct is password by default.
NOTE

The user lct has the authority at the system level.

3.

Click OK. After you log in to the NE successfully, Login Status in NE List changes to Logged In.

----End

3.2.2 Browsing the Current Alarms


A current alarm refers to an alarm that is not cleared. By browsing the current alarms periodically, you can detect and rectify faults in time.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the required NE from the Object Tree, and then click the the toolbar.
TIP

icon on

You can also click an alarm indicator on the toolbar to display the alarms of the specific severity. From left to right, the alarm indicators and corresponding alarm severities are as follows: l Red: critical alarm l Orange: major alarm l Yellow: minor alarm l Purple: warning l Light blue: abnormal event

The Browse Current Alarms tab is displayed by default. Step 2 Browse the displayed alarms.
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Step 3 If there are newly generated alarms after the last maintenance, select the newly generated alarms, record the details of these newly generated alarms, and then notify the troubleshooting personnel to clear these alarms in time. For details about how to handle an alarm, refer to A Alarm Reference. Step 4 Optional: Click Save As. A text file that lists the current alarms is displayed in the IE system.
NOTE

You can save and archive the text file as required.

----End

3.2.3 Browsing the History Alarms


A history alarm is an alarm that is cleared. Periodically browsing and storing the history alarm information helps in locating and rectifying faults.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the required NE from the Object Tree, and then click the the toolbar. Step 2 Click the Browse History Alarms tab. Step 3 Click Filter. The Filter dialog box is displayed. Step 4 Specify Rising Time and Cleared Time, and then click Filter. The time span starts from the time when the last history alarm browsing operation was performed to the current time. Step 5 Browse the filtered history alarms. Step 6 Click Save As. A text file that lists the history alarms is displayed in the IE system.
NOTE

icon on

You can save and archive the text file as required.

----End
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3.2.4 Browsing the Abnormal Events


An abnormal event refers to an exception that arises in the system at a particular time. By browsing the abnormal events periodically, you can find the exceptions that occur in the equipment in time.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the required NE from the Object Tree, and then choose Alarm > Browse Abnormal Events from the Function Tree.
TIP

In the NE Explorer, you can also select the required NE from the Object Tree and click the navigate to the Browse Abnormal Events tab.

icon to

Step 2 Click Filter. The Filter dialog box is displayed. Step 3 In the Abnormal Event combo box, select Select All, and then click OK. Step 4 Browse the displayed abnormal events. For details on how to handle an abnormal event, see B Abnormal Event Reference. Step 5 Optional: Click Save As. A text file that lists the abnormal events is displayed in the IE system.
NOTE

You can save and archive the text file as required.

----End

Related Information
An abnormal event refers to an exception that arises in the system at a particular time rather than persists for a period. Being different from alarms, an abnormal event has the occurrence time rather than the clearance time.

3.2.5 Browsing the Current Performance


The counter of current performance events measures all the performance events that arise between the start time of the monitoring period and the current time. By browsing the current performance events periodically, you can learn about the performance change of the equipment in time. Hence, you can detect the latent hazards in time when the performance of the equipment starts to degrade.
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Prerequisite
l The performance monitoring function of the NE must be enabled. For details about how to enable the performance monitoring function, see 7.13 Configuring Performance Monitoring Status of NEs. The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the required board, and then choose Performance > Current Performance from the Function Tree. Step 2 Select All in Monitored Object Filter Condition. Step 3 Select 15-Minute next to Monitor Period. Step 4 Select all the available performance events in Count, and select Consecutive Severely Errored Second in Display Options. Step 5 Click Query. Step 6 Browse the displayed performance events. In normal cases, no bit error performance events are displayed, and the number of pointer justification events is less than six per day on each port. Step 7 Select all the available performance events in Gauge, and select Current Value and Maximum/ Minimum Value in Display Options. Step 8 Click Query. Step 9 Browse the displayed performance events. Compared with the history records, the gauge indicators, such as board temperature, do not change drastically. Step 10 Select 24-Hour next to Monitor Period. Step 11 Repeat Step 4 to Step 9 to query the current performance events in a period of 24 hours. ----End

3.2.6 Browsing the History Performance


A history alarm is an alarm that is cleared. By browsing and saving the history performance events periodically, you can provide fault locating information for troubleshooting.

Prerequisite
l The performance monitoring function of the NE must be enabled. For details about how to enable the performance monitoring function, see 7.13 Configuring Performance Monitoring Status of NEs. The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.
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Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the requried board, and then choose Performance > History Performance from the Function Tree. Step 2 Select All in Monitored Object Filter Condition. Step 3 Select 15-Minute next to Monitor Period. Step 4 Specify the start time and the end time of a specific time span. The time span starts from the time when the last history performance event browsing operation was performed to the current time. Step 5 Select all the available performance events in Count. Step 6 Click Query to browse the history performance events. Step 7 Click Save As. A text file that lists the history performance events is displayed in the IE system.
NOTE

You can save and archive the text file as required.

Step 8 Select all the available performance events in Gauge, and select Current Value and Maximum/ Minimum Value in Display Options. Step 9 Click Query to browse the history performance events. Step 10 Click Save As. A text file that lists the history performance events is displayed in the IE system.
NOTE

You can save and archive the text file as required.

Step 11 Select 24-Hour next to Monitor Period. Step 12 Repeat Step 4 to Step 10 to query the history performance events in a period of 24 hours. Step 13 Select 24-Hour next to Monitor Period. ----End

3.2.7 Browsing the History Transmit Power and Receive Power


By browsing the history transmit power and receive power periodically, you can learn about the change trend of the transmit power and receive power, which provides a reference for troubleshooting radio links.

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Prerequisite
l The performance monitoring function of the NE must be enabled. For details about how to enable the performance monitoring function, see 7.13 Configuring Performance Monitoring Status of NEs. The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the required ODU for the history transmit power and receive power, and then choose Configuration > Performance Graph Analyse from the Function Tree. Step 2 Specify the start time and end time of a time span. The time span starts from the last routing maintenance time to the current time. Step 3 Set CounterType to 15M. Step 4 Click Drawing. The history transmit and receive power curve of the ODU in the specified time span is displayed. Step 5 Analyze the power curve. If the receive power fading of two adjacent points exceeds 20 dB, but the weather does not change, contact the troubleshooting engineers. ----End

3.2.8 Testing IF 1+1 Switching


By testing IF 1+1 switching periodically, you can check whether the equipment is normally switched over.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Precautions
l This task carries out IF 1+1 switching in manual switching mode, which is used for equipment switching (that is, HSB switching). During the 1+1 protection switching time (< 500 ms), the protected services are interrupted. Hence, it is recommended that you perform IF 1+1 protection switching when the traffic is light. Before you perform the switching, ensure that the standby equipment works properly. If the switching fails, contact Huawei engineers for further assistance.

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Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the required NE from the Object Tree, and then choose Configuration > Link Configuration from the Function Tree. Step 2 Click the IF 1+1 Protection tab. Step 3 In Protection Group, select the protection group for IF 1+1 switching. Step 4 In Slot Mapping Relation, right-click an IF board and choose Manual Switch to from the shortcut menu. Step 5 Click OK to start the protection switching. Step 6 Click Query to check the protection switching status. After the switching is completed, Switching Status of Device in Protection Group changes to Manual Switching, and the current board functions as the standby board. Step 7 After the equipment works for a period of time, query the current alarms and performance events of the service. There should be no new alarms or bit error performance events. Step 8 Repeat Step 1 to Step 3. Step 9 In Slot Mapping Relation, right-click an IF board and choose Clear from the shortcut menu. Step 10 Click OK to restore the protection switching. Step 11 Click Query to check the protection switching status. After the switching is completed, Switching Status of Device in Protection Group changes to Automatic Switching. Step 12 After the equipment runs properly for a period of time, query the current alarms and performance events. There should be no new alarms or performance events. ----End

3.2.9 Testing IF N+1 Switching


By testing IF N+1 switching periodically, you can check whether the equipment is normally switched over.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Precautions
l This task carries out IF N+1 switching in exercise switching mode to check whether an NE can run the N+1 protocol properly. Therefore, the service is not switched over.
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Before you perform the switching, ensure that the standby equipment works properly. If the switching fails, contact Huawei engineers for further assistance.

Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the required NE from the Object Tree, and then choose Configuration > Link Configuration from the Function Tree. Step 2 Click the N+1 Protection tab. Step 3 In the Slot Mapping Relation window, right-click a working unit, and then choose Exercise Switching from the shortcut menu. A prompt dialog box is displayed, indicating that the command is delivered successfully. Step 4 Click OK. Step 5 Click Query to query the status of protection switching. The status of the switched working unit should be Exercise Switching. Step 6 Repeat Step 1 to Step 2. Step 7 In the Slot Mapping Relation window, right-click a protection or working unit, and then choose Clear from the shortcut menu. Step 8 Click OK. Step 9 Click Query to query the status of protection switching. The status of the switched working unit should be Normal. ----End

3.2.10 Testing Two-Fiber Bidirectional MSP Ring Switching


By testing two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring switching periodically, you can check whether the equipment is normally switched over.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Precautions
l This task carries out two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring switching in exercise switching mode to check whether an NE can run the MSP protocol properly. Therefore, the service is not switched over. Before you perform MSP ring switching, ensure that the standby equipment works properly. If the switching fails, contact Huawei engineers for further assistance.

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Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the required NE from the Object Tree, and then choose Configuration > Ring MS from the Function Tree. Step 2 In Protection Group, select the protection group for exercise switching. Step 3 In Slot Mapping Relation, right-click East Line and choose Ring Exercise from the shortcut menu. Step 4 Click Query to query the protection switching status. Switching Status of the east line board changes to Excise Ring Switching. Step 5 Select and right-click the line direction for exercise switching and choose Clear Ring Exercise from the shortcut menu. Step 6 Click Query to query the protection switching status. Switching Status of the east line board changes to Normal. Step 7 In Slot Mapping Relation, right-click West Line of the selected protection group in Step 2 and choose Ring Exercise from the shortcut menu. Step 8 Repeat Step 4 to Step 6. ----End

3.2.11 Cleaning the Air Filter


Periodically checking the air filter ensures that the air intake path of the fans is not blocked and thus prevents excessively high board temperature caused by degraded heat dissipation.

Prerequisite
None.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


An air blower or a clean brush

Procedure
Step 1 Loosen the captive screws on the panel of the fan Tray. Step 2 Move the cables away from the front of the panel of the fan Tray. Step 3 Draw out the air filter at the left side.

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Step 4 Use an air blower or a clean brush to clean the air filter. Step 5 After the cleaning, insert the air filter back to its original position. Step 6 Tighten the screws on the panel of the fan Tray. ----End

3.2.12 Checking the Equipment Room


Periodically checking the equipment room not only ensures that the equipment can operate normally at appropriate temperature and humidity conditions, but also reduces the fault rate, and increases the service life of the equipment.

Prerequisite
None.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


None.

Procedure
Step 1 Record the reading of the thermometer in the equipment room. The normal temperature ranges from -5C to +55C Step 2 Record the reading of the humidity meter in the equipment room. The normal humidity ranges from 5% to 95%. Step 3 Check whether the equipment room meets the disaster protection requirements. Ensure the following points: l Certain portable foam fire extinguishers are available in the equipment room and these extinguishers need to be within their service life. l No rain leakage or water penetration is found in the equipment room. l No mice or insects are found in the equipment room. Step 4 Clean the equipment room. Ensure that the cabinets, equipment shelves, equipment, desks, and floors are clean. The equipment needs to be tidy. ----End

3.2.13 Checking the ODU


By checking an ODU periodically, you can detect faults and latent hazards of the ODU in time.

Prerequisite
None.
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Tools, Instruments, and Materials


None.

Procedure
Step 1 Ensure that the ODU is located within the protected area of a lightning arrester. In the case of plain areas, a lightning arrester protects an area that is located within an angle of 45 under the lightning arrester. In the case of mountainous areas and the areas where lightning frequently occurs, a lightning arrester protects an area that is located within an angle of 30 under the lightning arrester. Step 2 Ensure that the ODU is fixed properly on the antenna. Step 3 Ensure that the ODU is not damaged. Step 4 Ensure that the interface between the ODU and the antenna is waterproof. Step 5 Ensure that the protection grounding cable of the ODU is grounded firmly and reliably. ----End

3.2.14 Checking the Hybrid Coupler


By checking a hybrid coupler periodically, you can detect faults and latent hazards of the hybrid coupler in time.

Prerequisite
None.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


None.

Procedure
Step 1 Ensure that the hybrid coupler is located within the protected area of the lightning arrester. In the case of plain areas, a lightning arrester protects an area that is located within an angle of 45 under the lightning arrester. In the case of mountainous areas and the areas where lightning frequently occurs, a lightning arrester protects the area that is located within an angle of 30 under the lightning arrester. Step 2 Ensure that the coupler is fixed reliably on the antenna. Step 3 Ensure that the coupler is not damaged. Step 4 Ensure that the interface between the coupler and the antenna is waterproof. Step 5 Ensure that the interface between the coupler and the ODU is waterproof. ----End

3.2.15 Checking the Antenna


By checking an antenna periodically, you can detect faults and latent hazards of the antenna in time.
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Prerequisite
None.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


None.

Procedure
Step 1 Ensure that the antenna is located within the protected area of the lightning arrester. In the case of plain areas, a lightning arrester protects an area that is located within an angle of 45 under lightning arrester. In the case of mountainous areas and the areas where lightning frequently occurs, a lightning arrester protects an area that is located within an angle of 30 under the lightning arrester. Step 2 Ensure that the antenna is fixed reliably on the mast. Step 3 Ensure that the antenna radome is not damaged. Step 4 Ensure that there is no accumulated water in the antenna. Step 5 Check whether the fastening bolts on the antenna are loose. Check whether the antenna slants from the original position. Ensure that the azimuth angle and the elevation angle of the antenna meet the design requirements. Step 6 In the case of split mounting, ensure that the installation parts (ODU adapter, antenna adapter, and flexible waveguide) are installed firmly, and that the connectors are fastened. Step 7 Check and ensure that the interface of the feed boom is properly sealed and waterproof. ----End

3.2.16 Checking the IF Cables


By checking the IF cables periodically, you can detect faults and latent hazards of the IF cables in time.

Prerequisite
None.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


None.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the cables. l No cables are bent or twisted. l No bare copper wires are found. l The bending radius of a cable needs to greater than 30 cm. l The IF cables are bound in accordance with IF Cable Routing and Binding Specifications specified in the Installation Reference. The feeder clip or binding strap is not loosen.
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Step 2 Check the cable connectors. l The cable connector needs to be connected reliably to the ODU. l The cable connector needs to be waterproof. Step 3 Check the grounding of the cables. l The grounding clip needs to be waterproof. l The grounding cable needs to be routed from top downwards. The angle between the grounding cable and an IF cable needs to be not more than 15 degrees. ----End

3.2.17 Checking the LOS Condition


By checking the LOS condition of the transmission link periodically, you can detect latent LOS faults on the transmission link in time.

Prerequisite
None.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Telescope

Procedure
Step 1 Use the telescope to search for the antenna at the opposite end from a location nearby the local antenna. No buildings or maintains exist on the transmission link, which may block the LOS. Step 2 Check whether the spanning tree in the transmission path is blocked. Step 3 Check whether any new buildings exist in the transmission path. ----End

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4 Emergency Maintenance

4
About This Chapter

Emergency Maintenance

Emergency maintenance is performed when emergencies occur or possible emergencies owing to natural factors may occur during the operation of the equipment. 4.1 Definition of Emergency In the case of the microwave equipment, an emergency situation is where the microwave services are interrupted. 4.2 Purposes of Emergence Maintenance Emergency maintenance is performed to restore the normal operation of a system or a device rapidly. This is different from troubleshooting, which helps to locate and rectify the faults. 4.3 Procedure of Emergency Maintenance The procedure of emergency maintenance consists of a main procedure and a sub-procedure that handles faults on site.

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4.1 Definition of Emergency


In the case of the microwave equipment, an emergency situation is where the microwave services are interrupted.

4.2 Purposes of Emergence Maintenance


Emergency maintenance is performed to restore the normal operation of a system or a device rapidly. This is different from troubleshooting, which helps to locate and rectify the faults.

4.3 Procedure of Emergency Maintenance


The procedure of emergency maintenance consists of a main procedure and a sub-procedure that handles faults on site.
NOTE

In the case of emergency events, the customers in China can contact our 24-hour technical support center at 400-830-2118, and the customers in areas outside China can contact the local Huawei offices.

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Main Procedure of Emergency Maintenance


Figure 4-1 Main procedure of emergency maintenance
Start

Is there an incorrect operation? No

Yes

Cancel the operation

Is there any backup transmission resource? No

Yes

Switch the service to the backup resource

Is the power down

Yes

Contact the power supply engineer

No

Is the service configured with protection


No

Yes

Troubleshoot the switching failure

Is there any alarm on the NE? No Is the Ethernet service interrupted No

Yes

3 Clear the alarm

Yes

Troubleshoot the Ethernet service fault

Is the interconnection faulty?


No

Yes

Troubleshoot the interconnection fault

Locate the fault by performing loopback operations section by section

Proceed to the next No step

Is the service restored?

5 Is the service restored? Yes 6 Check the troubleshooting result No Contact Huawei engineers

Yes

End

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Table 4-1 Description of the main procedure of emergency maintenance Comment No. 1 Description The common incorrect operations are as follows: l Modifying the data configurations l Performing loopback operations l Shutting down the laser l Muting the ODU l Changing boards/cables l Loading software 2 Check the notice issued by associated departments, and check whether there are any external factors that may cause service faults, such as faults in the power supply, cables, environment, and terminal equipment (such as switching devices). See 7.3.1 Checking the NE Status and 7.3.3 Browsing the Current Alarms. The following alarms can be cleared through the NM:APS_MANUAL_STOP, ALM_GFP_dLFD, APS_FAIL, BD_NOT_INSTALLED, DBMS_ERROR, ESN_INVALID, FCS_ERR, HP_TIM, HP_UNEQ, J0_MM, LOOP_ALM, LPS_UNI_BI_M, LP_SIZE_ERR, LP_SLM, LP_SLM_VC12, LP_SLM_VC3, LP_TIM, LP_TIM_VC12, LP_TIM_VC3, LP_UNEQ, LP_UNEQ_VC12, LP_UNEQ_VC3, MSSW_DIFFERENT, NESF_LOST, NESTATE_INSTALL, NO_BD_SOFT, RADIO_MUTE, WRG_BD_TYPE, and WRG_DEV_TYPE. In the case of emergency events, the customers in China can contact our 24hour technical support center at 400-830-2118, and the customers in areas outside China can contact the local Huawei offices. After the fault is handled, proceed as follows: 1. Check the alarms, and ensure that the system is running smoothly. 2. Arrange personnel to watch and guard the system during the peak service hours, and be sure to solve the problems promptly, if any. 3. Fill in the sheet for on-site operations, record the fault symptoms and handling results, and then send them to Huawei. Table 4-2 shows the sheet for on-site operations.

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Table 4-2 Sheet for on-site operations Maintained on Actual Step Step in the Whole Procedure maintained by Handling Result Remarks

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Procedure of On-Site Fault Handling


Figure 4-2 Procedure of on-site fault handling
Start

Obvious equipment damage? No

Yes

Repair or replace the equipment

Is the PWR indicator on the PXC on?


2 Yes Browse alarms locally by using the Web LCT 3 Equipment alarm? No 4 Radio link alarm? No 5 Yes Yes

No

Troubleshoot the power input

Clear the alarm

Clear the alarm

High order path alarm?


No

Yes

Clear the alarm

Low order path alarm?


No

Yes

Clear the alarm

Faulty interconnection with SDH/ PDH equipment?

Yes

7 Clear the alarm

Ethernet service fault?


No

Yes

8 Clear the alarm

Locate the fault by performing loopback operations section by section

Proceed to the next step

No

Is the service restored?

Yes End

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Table 4-3 Procedure of on-site fault handling Comment No. 1 Description The handling procedure is as follows: 1. Check whether the air circuit breaker for the input power is off. If the air circuit breaker is automatically turned off, identify the cause (such as short circuits or insufficient fuse capacity), and handle the fault accordingly. 2. Check the power cables, especially the power connectors, and replace the power cables or re-make power connectors if required. 3. Check the voltage and polarization of the input power. If the voltage or polarization of the input power does not meet the requirements, contact the power engineers and handle the fault.
NOTE For detailed specifications of the fuse capacity and input power, refer to the topic of "Powering On the Equipment" in the Commissioning Guide.

The handling procedure is as follows: 1. Refer to the Commissioning Guide and Connecting the Web LCT to the IDU. 2. Refer to the Configuration Guide and Creating NEs by Using the Search Method. 3. Refer to Commissioning Guide, and Checking Alarms.
NOTE If you fail to log in to a created NE, ensure that the operations you performed are correct, and then identify and rectify the fault according to the indicators of the PXC and SCC. For details about the indicators, refer to the IDU Hardware Description.

Pay special attention to the following alarms: l HARD_BAD l POWER_ALM l FAN_FAIL l BD_STATUS l SYN_BAD l NESF_LOST l TEMP_ALARM l RADIO_RSL_HIGH l RADIO_RSL_LOW l RADIO_TSL_HIGH l RADIO_TSL_LOW l IF_INPWR_ABN l IF_CABLE_OPEN l VOLT_LOS

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Comment No. 4

Description Pay special attention to the following alarms: l MW_LIM l MW_LOF l R_LOS l R_LOF l R_LOC l MS_AIS l AU_AIS l AU_LOP l B1_EXC l B2_EXC

Pay special attention to the following alarms: l HP_LOM l B3_EXC l HP_UNEQ

Pay special attention to the following alarms: l TU_AIS l TU_LOP l BIP_EXC l P_LOS l LP_UNEQ l T_ALOS l E1_LOC

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See 5.5 Troubleshooting the Interconnection with the SDH Equipment or 5.6 Troubleshooting the Interconnection with the PDH Equipment. See 5.7 Troubleshooting SDH/PDH Radio-Based Ethernet Service Faults or 5.8 Troubleshooting Faults in Hybrid Radio-Based Ethernet Services.

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5
About This Chapter

Troubleshooting

This guide describes the general troubleshooting procedures for the OptiX RTN 620 and provides troubleshooting methods for common faults. 5.1 General Troubleshooting Procedure When handling a fault, make a detailed record of the fault phenomenon. The customers in China can contact our 24-hour technical support center at 400-830-2118, and the customers in areas outside China can contact the local Huawei offices. 5.2 Troubleshooting Service Interruption The service interruption fault indicates the service transmission failure due to an equipment fault or a link fault. 5.3 Troubleshooting Radio Links When an NE reports MW_LOF or MW_FEC_UNCOR due to failure or performance degradation of a radio link, there is a radio link fault. 5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services When an NE reports an alarm or performance event on the regenerator section (RS), multiplex section (MS), higher order path (HP), or lower order path (LP), there are bit errors in services. 5.5 Troubleshooting the Interconnection with the SDH Equipment In the case that the NE is interconnected with the SDH equipment, if the SDH service cannot be transmitted between the equipment sets, there is an interconnection fault. 5.6 Troubleshooting the Interconnection with the PDH Equipment In the case that the OptiX RTN equipment is interconnected with the PDH equipment, if the PDH service cannot be transmitted between the equipment sets, there is an interconnection fault. 5.7 Troubleshooting SDH/PDH Radio-Based Ethernet Service Faults EoS/EoPDH-based Ethernet services can be transmitted through SDH/PDH radio networks or TDM networks. The associated service faults include Ethernet service interruption and Ethernet service degradation. 5.8 Troubleshooting Faults in Hybrid Radio-Based Ethernet Services Hybrid radio-based Ethernet services can be transmitted over Hybrid radio networks but cannot traverse a TDM network. The associated faults include Ethernet service interruption and Ethernet service degradation.
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5.9 Troubleshooting Pointer Justifications When an NE reports a large amount of justification events of the administrative unit (AU) pointer or the tributary unit (TU) pointer, there are pointer justification faults. 5.10 Troubleshooting Orderwire Faults If orderwire calls cannot get through when services are normal, there is an orderwire fault.

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5.1 General Troubleshooting Procedure


When handling a fault, make a detailed record of the fault phenomenon. The customers in China can contact our 24-hour technical support center at 400-830-2118, and the customers in areas outside China can contact the local Huawei offices.

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Figure 5-1 General fault locating procedures


Start 1 Record the fault phenomenon

Caused by external factors? No

Yes

Other handling procedures

Analyze fault causes and locate the fault

Is the fault cleared? 4 No Report to Huawei

Yes

Make a solution together

Attempt to clear the fault

No

Is the service restored? Yes Observe the operating

No

Is the fault cleared? Yes Fill in the fault handling report

End

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Table 5-1 Flow description Note 1 Description When recording the fault phenomenon, make a true and detailed record of the entire process of the fault. Record the exact time when the fault occurs, and the operations performed before and after the fault occurs. Save the alarms, performance events, and other important information. Check the notice issued by associated departments, and check whether there are any external factors that may cause service faults, such as faults in the power supply, cables, environment, and terminal equipment (such as switching devices). If the fault is caused by the equipment, refer to 5.2 Troubleshooting Service Interruption. The customers in China can contact our 24hour technical support center at 400-830-2118, and the customers in areas outside China can contact the local Huawei offices.

5.2 Troubleshooting Service Interruption


The service interruption fault indicates the service transmission failure due to an equipment fault or a link fault.

Fault Causes
l The operation is improper. If the configuration data changes, the loopback occurs, or the board/cable is replaced, the services may be interrupted. l l The transmission NE or link is faulty. The interconnection is improper. If the transmission equipment functions properly and the connection is proper, check whether the interconnection between the transmission equipment is proper and whether the switching equipment is faulty.

Fault Locating Methods


1. 2. Check whether an abnormal operation causes the service interruption by performing a loopback on the previous operations. Query alarms on the centralized NMS or the NMS on the site, and then locate the fault based on the alarm analysis.
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If multiple nodes report the alarm, analyze the alarms reported by the nodes in the sequence of equipment alarms, line alarms, higher order path alarms, and lower order path alarms. 3. If the fault cannot be located through the alarm analysis method, locate the fault by loopback section by section and part replacement.

CAUTION
If the fault cannot be rectified immediately, focus on the service recovery. You can recover the services by adjusting the service route or performing forced switching as soon as possible.

Fault Locating Procedure


Figure 5-2 Flow of handling a service interruption
Start

1 Maloperation

Yes

Cancel the operation

No 2 Service interrupted by external causes? No Yes Contact related departments to handle the problem

Query NE status and alarm by using the NMS

4 NE access successful and alarm cleared? No Rectify the fault on site Go to the next step No Service restored? Yes End Yes Handle the alarm

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Table 5-2 Flow description Note 1 Description The common abnormal operations are as follows: l Modifying the data configuration l Loopback l Shutting down the laser l Muting the ODU l Replacing the board/cable. l Loading the software 2 Check the notice issued by associated departments, and check whether there are any external factors that may cause service faults, such as faults in the power supply, cables, environment, and terminal equipment (such as switching devices). See 3.2.1 Checking the Status of NEs and 3.2.2 Browsing the Current Alarms. The alarms that can be cleared through the operations on the NMS are as follows: APS_MANUAL_STOP, ALM_GFP_dLFD, APS_FAIL, BD_NOT_INSTALLED, DBMS_ERROR, ESN_INVALID, FCS_ERR, HP_TIM, HP_UNEQ, J0_MM, LOOP_ALM, LPS_UNI_BI_M, LP_SIZE_ERR, LP_SLM, LP_SLM_VC12, LP_SLM_VC3, LP_TIM, LP_TIM_VC12, LP_TIM_VC3, LP_UNEQ, LP_UNEQ_VC12, LP_UNEQ_VC3, MSSW_DIFFERENT, NESF_LOST, NESTATE_INSTALL, NO_BD_SOFT, RADIO_MUTE, WRG_BD_TYPE, and WRG_DEV_TYPE.

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Figure 5-3 Procedure of on-site fault handling


Start

Obvious equipment damage? No

Yes

Repair or replace the equipment

Is the PWR indicator on the PXC on?


2 Yes Browse alarms locally by using the Web LCT 3 Equipment alarm? No 4 Radio link alarm? No 5 Yes Yes

No

Troubleshoot the power input

Clear the alarm

Clear the alarm

High order path alarm?


No

Yes

Clear the alarm

Low order path alarm?


No

Yes

Clear the alarm

Faulty interconnection with SDH/ PDH equipment?

Yes

7 Clear the alarm

Ethernet service fault?


No

Yes

8 Clear the alarm

Locate the fault by performing loopback operations section by section

Proceed to the next step

No

Is the service restored?

Yes End

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Table 5-3 Procedure of on-site fault handling Comment No. 1 Description The handling procedure is as follows: 1. Check whether the air circuit breaker for the input power is off. If the air circuit breaker is automatically turned off, identify the cause (such as short circuits or insufficient fuse capacity), and handle the fault accordingly. 2. Check the power cables, especially the power connectors, and replace the power cables or re-make power connectors if required. 3. Check the voltage and polarization of the input power. If the voltage or polarization of the input power does not meet the requirements, contact the power engineers and handle the fault.
NOTE For detailed specifications of the fuse capacity and input power, refer to the topic of "Powering On the Equipment" in the Commissioning Guide.

The handling procedure is as follows: 1. Refer to the Commissioning Guide and Connecting the Web LCT to the IDU. 2. Refer to the Configuration Guide and Creating NEs by Using the Search Method. 3. Refer to Commissioning Guide, and Checking Alarms.
NOTE If you fail to log in to a created NE, ensure that the operations you performed are correct, and then identify and rectify the fault according to the indicators of the PXC and SCC. For details about the indicators, refer to the IDU Hardware Description.

Pay special attention to the following alarms: l HARD_BAD l POWER_ALM l FAN_FAIL l BD_STATUS l SYN_BAD l NESF_LOST l TEMP_ALARM l RADIO_RSL_HIGH l RADIO_RSL_LOW l RADIO_TSL_HIGH l RADIO_TSL_LOW l IF_INPWR_ABN l IF_CABLE_OPEN l VOLT_LOS

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Comment No. 4

Description Pay special attention to the following alarms: l MW_LIM l MW_LOF l R_LOS l R_LOF l R_LOC l MS_AIS l AU_AIS l AU_LOP l B1_EXC l B2_EXC

Pay special attention to the following alarms: l HP_LOM l B3_EXC l HP_UNEQ

Pay special attention to the following alarms: l TU_AIS l TU_LOP l BIP_EXC l P_LOS l LP_UNEQ l T_ALOS l E1_LOC

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See 5.5 Troubleshooting the Interconnection with the SDH Equipment or 5.6 Troubleshooting the Interconnection with the PDH Equipment. See 5.7 Troubleshooting SDH/PDH Radio-Based Ethernet Service Faults or 5.8 Troubleshooting Faults in Hybrid Radio-Based Ethernet Services.

Experience and Summary


The maintenance personnel need to perform the regular maintenance to reduce the equipment faulty rate. Thus, equipment faults can be discovered and rectified before they affect the services.

5.3 Troubleshooting Radio Links


When an NE reports MW_LOF or MW_FEC_UNCOR due to failure or performance degradation of a radio link, there is a radio link fault.
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The key to locating a radio link fault is to check whether the transmit power and the receive power are abnormal, and to check whether there is an external interference. In the following two cases, the transmit power is abnormal. The first case is that the transmit power exceeds the range that the ODU supports. The second case is that the difference between the transmit power and the set value is more than 2 dB when the ATPC is disabled. The relevant alarms and performance events are as follows: l l l l l l RADIO_TSL_HIGH RADIO_TSL_LOW TSL_CUR TSL_MAX TSL_MIN TSL_AVG
NOTE

For a detailed description of the range of the transmit power, refer to the Product Description.

In the following two cases, the RSL is abnormal. The first case is that the receive power is lower than the normal value (Normal value = Planned value - 3 dB). The second case is that the receive power is lower than the receiver sensitivity or higher than the free space receive power due to fading. The relevant alarms and performance events are as follows: l l l l l l RADIO_RSL_HIGH RADIO_RSL_LOW RSL_CUR RSL_MAX RSL_MIN RSL_AVG
NOTE

For a detailed description of the receiver sensitivity, refer to the Product Description.

Generally, external interference is classified into co-channel interference and adjacent channel interference. l l Co-channel interference is crosstalk from two different radio transmitters reusing the same frequency channel. Therefore, the entire spectrum may be impaired. Adjacent channel interference is signal impairment to one frequency due to presence of another signal on a nearby frequency. Therefore, a part of the spectrum is impaired.

Because interference is closely related to the frequency in use, the transmission over a radio link may be faulty in one direction only.

Fault Causes
Table 5-4 Causes of radio link faults Fault The transmit power is abnormal.
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Common Fault Causes The ODU is faulty.


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Fault The receive power is always lower than the normal value.

Common Fault Causes l The antenna direction is not properly adjusted. l The antennas have different polarization directions. l There is a mountain or building in the transmit direction. l The antenna is faulty or the connection between the antenna and the ODU is abnormal (for example, the waveguide interface of the ODU is wet or the flexible waveguide is not connected properly). l The ODU is faulty.

The receive power is abnormal due to slow up-fading. The receive power is abnormal due to slow down-fading. The receive power is abnormal due to fast fading. The receive power is normal, but the radio link is faulty in one direction.

There is an external interference. The fading margin is not sufficient. The multipath fading is fast. There is external interference.

NOTE

Depending on the received level, there is up fading and down fading. l Up fading The received level is higher than the value after free space fading. The difference can be 10-odd decibels. l Down fading The received level is lower than the value after free space fading. The difference can be tens of decibels. Depending on the fading time, there is fast fading and slow fading. l Fast fading The fading duration time ranges from several milliseconds to tens of seconds. l Slow fading The fading duration time ranges from tens of seconds to several hours. Because slow down fading and fast fading are imposed by the propagation paths, the radio link may be faulty in both directions.

Fault Locating Methods


1. 2. 3. 4.
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Check whether the ODU is mute, powered off, or looped back. Check whether the data configuration is correct. Check whether the ODU and the IF board are faulty. If the transmit power is abnormal, replace the ODU. If the receive power is abnormal, check out the possible causes based on the fading type.
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5. 6.

If the receive power is normal but faults occur on the radio link intermittently, check whether there is interference before you proceed. If the transmit/receive power is normal, perform loopback operations.

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Fault Locating Procedures

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Figure 5-4 Flow of handling radio link faults


Start

Incorrect operation? No

Yes

Cancel the operation

ODU or IF related alarm? No

Yes Clear the alarm

No Transmit power normal? Ye s

3 Rectify the fault

RSL always lower than the normal value?


No Slow up fading causes abnormal RSL? No

Yes

4 Rectify the fault

Yes

5 Rectify the fault

Slow down fading causes abnormal RSL?


No

Yes

6 Rectify the fault

Fast fading causes abnormal RSL?


No

Yes

7 Rectify the fault

Radio link faulty in one direction?


No 9 Perform loopback operations

Yes

8 Rectify the fault

Proceed to the next step

No

Is the fault rectified? Yes End

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Table 5-5 Flow description Note 1 Handle incorrect operations. Description Check the following points: l Check whether the ODU is powered off. l Check whether the ODU is muted. l Check whether the IF board is looped back. l Check whether the data configuration at the transmit end is the same as the data configuration at the receive end. l Check whether the data configuration matches the type of the ODU and the hybrid coupler. 2 Handle equipment faults. Pay special attention to: l VOLT_LOS l CONFIG_NOSUPPORT l HARD_BAD l TEMP_ALARM l IF_INPWR_ABN l RADIO_MUTE l RADIO_TSL_HIGH l RADIO_TSL_LOW l RADIO_RSL_HIGH l IF_CABLE_OPEN 3 Handle the exception of transmit power. 6.12 Replacing an ODU

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Note 4 Handle the exception that the receive power is smaller than the normal value.

Description Follow the steps below: 1. If the receive power decreases sharply and does not recover, check the installation of the antenna. Ensure that the azimuth angle of the antenna meets the requirement. Check whether the antenna is aligned properly. Check whether the received signal is from the main lobe. If the antenna direction is not aligned properly, adjust the antenna in a wide range. 2. If the difference between the receive power of the main ODU and standby ODU at one end of the 1+1 HSB radio link is beyond the range from 0 dB to 9 dB (in the case of an unbalanced hybrid coupler) or beyond the range from 0 dB to 5 dB (in the case of a balanced hybrid coupler), perform 1 +1 HSB switching or replace the ODUs and hybrid coupler to identify the faulty part. 3. If the difference between the RSL at the receive end and transmit end is larger than 10 dB, replace the ODUs to check whether the main or standby ODU is faulty. 4. Check whether the setting of the polarization direction of the antenna is correct. Rectify the wrong polarization direction. 5. Replace the ODUs and hybrid coupler to identify the faulty part. 6. Check whether there is a mountain or building in the transmit direction. 7. Check whether the gains of the antennas at the receive and transmit ends comply with the specifications. Replace the antenna whose gain does not comply with the specifications.

5 Handle the up slow fading fault.

Follow the steps below: 1. Check whether there is co-channel interference. 1. Mute the opposite ODU. 2. Check the RSL at the local end. If the RSL exceeds -90 dBm, you can infer that there is co-channel interference that may impair the longterm availability and performance of the system. 2. Use a spectrum analyzer to analyze the interference source. 3. Contact the spectrum management department to clear the interference spectrum or change plans to reduce the interference.

6 Handle the down slow fading fault.

Contact the network planning department to make the following changes: l Increase the installation height of the antenna. l Reduce the transmission distance. l Increase the antenna gain. l Increase the transmit power.

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Note 7 Handle the fast fading fault.

Description Contact the network planning department to make the following changes: l Adjust the position of the antenna to block the reflected wave or make the reflection point fall on the ground that has a small reflection coefficient, thus reducing the multipath fading. l Adjust the RF configuration to make the links in the 1+1 SD configuration. l For the links in the 1+1 SD configuration, adjust the height difference between two antennas to make the receive power of one antenna much stronger than that of another. l Increase the fading margin, by replacing the original antennas with antennas of a larger diameter or increasing the transmit power of the original antennas.

8 Handle the interference fault.

The handling procedure is as follows: 1. Check whether there is co-channel interference. 1. Mute the opposite ODU. 2. Check the RSL at the local end. If the RSL exceeds -90 dBm, you can infer that there is co-channel interference that may impair the longterm availability and performance of the system. 2. Check whether there is adjacent channel interference. 1. Mute the opposite ODU. 2. Adjust the RF working mode at the local end and use the minimum channel spacing. 3. Decrease the received frequency at the local end by a half of the channel spacing. 4. Test and record the RSL. 5. Increase the received frequency at the local end, with a step length of 0.5 MHz or 1 MHz, and record the RSL accordingly until the received frequency is equal to the original received frequency plus a half of the channel spacing. 6. Compare the recorded RSLs, and check whether the RSL in a certain spectrum is abnormal if the received frequency is within the permitted range. 3. Use a spectrum analyzer to analyze the interference source. 4. Contact the spectrum management department to clear the interference spectrum or change plans to reduce the interference.

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Note 9 Use the loopback method to locate a fault.

Description Follow the steps below: 1. Perform an inloop on the IF port. If the fault is not cleared after the loopback, replace the IF board. 2. Check whether the IF cable is soggy, broken or pressed. Make the connector again. 3. Check whether the IF cable is soggy, broken, or pressed. If yes, replace the IF board. 4. Replace the ODU. If the fault is cleared after the replacement, the original ODU is faulty.

Experience and Summary


l l During a commissioning process, make sure that the antenna direction is correctly adjusted to prevent possible incipient faults. Periodically collect the change data of the transmit power and receive power, and analyze the change data to remove incipient faults in time.

5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services


When an NE reports an alarm or performance event on the regenerator section (RS), multiplex section (MS), higher order path (HP), or lower order path (LP), there are bit errors in services. The RS bit errors refer to the bit errors that the line processing unit or the IF board that works in SDH mode through the B1 overhead byte in the RS overhead. The related alarms and performance events are as follows: l l l l l l l l B1_EXC B1_SD RS_CROSSTR RSBBE RSES RSSES RSCSES RSUAS
NOTE

When the IF board works in the PDH mode, the above RS bit error alarms and performance events may also be reported. Such alarms and performance events are detected by the B1 that is defined in the PDH microwave frame.

The line board detects MS bit errors by the MS overhead byte B2. Related alarms and performance events are listed below: l l
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B2_EXC B2_SD
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l l l l l l

MS_CROSSTR MSBBE MSES MSSES MSCSES MSUAS

The line board detects HP bit errors by the HP overhead byte B3. Related alarms and performance events are listed below: l l l l l l l l B3_EXC B3_SD HP_CROSSTR HPBBE HPES HPSES HPCSES HPUAS

LP bit errors are detected by PDH service processing boards or Ethernet service processing boards using the VC-3 overhead byte B3 or VC-12 overhead byte V5. Related alarms and performance events are listed below: l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l B3_EXC_VC3_ B3_SD_VC3 BIP_EXC BIP_SD LP_CROSSTR VC3BBE VC3ES VC3SES VC3CSES VC3UAS LPBBE LPES LPSES LPCSES LPUAS

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Fault Causes
Table 5-6 Causes of bit errors Fault Type There are some RS bit errors. Common Cause l The line is faulty. For the optical fiber line, the optical power is abnormal, the fiber performance degrades, or the fiber connector is not clean. For the STM-1 cable line, the cable performance degrades, the cable is not properly grounded, or the cable connector is not in good contact. For the radio line, check whether there is an MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm or an RPS_INDI alarm. l The line board is faulty. l The clock unit is faulty. l The quality of the clock over the network degrades. When the quality of the clock over the network degrades, there will be a pointer justification event. There is no RS bit error, but there are MS bit errors or HP bit errors. l The line board is faulty. l The quality of the clock over the network degrades. When the quality of the clock over the network degrades, there will be a pointer justification event. l The working temperature of the line board is excessively high. There are only LP bit errors. l The PDH service processing board or the Ethernet service processing board is faulty. l The cross-connect unit is faulty. l The working temperature of the PDH service processing board or the Ethernet service processing board is excessively high. l The working temperature of the crossconnect unit is excessively high. l There is power surge or an external interference source, or the equipment is not properly grounded.

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Fault Locating Methods


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Analyze the equipment alarms and performance events that are related to bit errors. When there are many types of alarms and performance events, first analyze RS bit errors, then MS bit errors, HP bit errors, and finally LP bit errors. When multiple paths have bit errors, first check whether the overlapping part is faulty. When the fault is not located after you analyze the alarms and performance events, perform loopback operations section by section. For a possibly degraded part, replace it with a new one.

Fault Locating Procedures


Figure 5-5 Flow of handling bit errors
Start

2 1 Is there an equipment alarm? No Is there a pointer justification event? Yes Handle the pointer justification event SDH optical interface board 3 Handle the RS bit error of the SDH optical interface board 4 Is there an RS bit error alarm or a performance event? No Yes If the alarming board is IF board Handle the RS bit error of the IF board 5 Handle the RS bit error of the STM-1 electrical interface board 6 Yes Handle the MS/HP bit error Yes Handle the alarm

No

STM-1 electrical interface board

Is there an MS/HP alarm or a performance event? No Is there an LP alarm? No

7 Yes Handle the LP bit error

Go to the next step Perform loopback operations section by section

No

Is the fault cleared?

Yes End

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Table 5-7 Flow description Note 1 Description Pay special attention to: l TEMP_ALARM l SYN_BAD l HARD_BAD 2 3 Refer to 5.9 Troubleshooting Pointer Justifications. Follow the steps below: 1. Interchange the Tx fiber core and the Rx fiber core at both ends of the path. If bit errors change after the exchange, the fiber is faulty. Otherwise, the equipment at the two ends is faulty. 2. In the case that the fiber is faulty, check whether the fiber between the equipment and the ODF and the section of the fiber that is led out of the equipment room are pressed. In addition, check whether the fiber connector is clean. 3. In the case that the equipment at the two ends is faulty, use a fiber jumper to loop back the optical ports. After the loopback, if the fault is not cleared, the line board is most likely to be faulty. 4. For the case that the equipment at the two ends is faulty, to locate the fault, you can also replace the SDH optical interface board or make an exchange between the board and another board of the same type that is working normally. If the alarm changes after the exchange, the board is faulty. 4 Follow the steps below: 1. Check whether there is an MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm or an RPS_INDI alarm. 2. If yes, refer to 5.3 Troubleshooting Radio Links. 3. If no, replace the IF board. 5 Follow the steps below: 1. Make an exchange between the Tx cable and the Rx cable at both ends of the path. If bit errors change after the exchange, the cable is faulty. Otherwise, the equipment at the two ends is faulty. 2. In the case that the cable is faulty, check the cable connector. Also check whether the cable is properly grounded and if the cable is broken. 3. In the case that the equipment at the two ends is faulty, use a cable to loop back the electrical ports. After the loopback, if the fault is not cleared, the line board is most likely faulty. 4. For the case that the equipment at the two ends is faulty, to locate the fault, you can also replace the SDH electrical interface board or make an exchange between the board and another board of the same type that is working normally. If the alarm changes after the exchange, the board is faulty.
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Note 6

Description Follow the steps below: 1. Loop back the alarming line board. If the fault is not cleared, replace the line board. If the fault is cleared, replace the line board at the transmit side. 2. If the fault is still not cleared, check whether there is power surge or an external interference source, or if the equipment is not properly grounded (primarily for the SDH electrical interface board).

Follow the steps below: 1. Replace the PDH service processing board or Ethernet service processing board or cross-connect board based on how the service paths that have bit errors overlap each other. 2. If the fault is not cleared, check whether there is power surge or an external interference source, or if the equipment is properly grounded.

Experience and Summary


l l Check bit error performance events and handle them routinely in time. To locate a fault, primarily use the method of analyzing alarms and performance events. In addition, consider the loopback method and the replacement method.

5.5 Troubleshooting the Interconnection with the SDH Equipment


In the case that the NE is interconnected with the SDH equipment, if the SDH service cannot be transmitted between the equipment sets, there is an interconnection fault.

Fault Causes
l The VC-12 numbering method of the OptiX equipment is different from the numbering method of the equipment of certain vendors. The OptiX equipment applies the timeslot numbering method. The numbering formula is: VC-12 number = TUG-3 number + (TUG-2 number - 1) x 3 + (TU-12 number - 1) x 21. This method is also called ordering method. Some equipment applies the line numbering method. The numbering formula is: VC-12 number = (TUG-3 number - 1) x 21 + (TUG-2 number - 1) x 3 + TU-12 number. This method is also called interval method. l l l The overhead bytes at the two sides are inconsistent. The indexes of SDH interfaces do not meet requirements. The equipment is not properly grounded (only for the STM-1 electrical interface).
NOTE

When the interconnected equipment is the ATM or Ethernet equipment, the common cause for the interconnection fault is that the service is not set to the VC-4 pass-through service. As a result, the overheads are processed in the terminating mode instead of the pass-through mode.

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Fault Locating Methods


Analyze the fault phenomenon and alarms. Check the possible fault causes one by one.

Fault Locating Procedures


Figure 5-6 Flow of troubleshooting the interconnection with the SDH equipment
Start

Is the interconnected equipment Yes the ATM/IP equipment? No Query the VC-12 numbering method of the interconnected equipment

Set the interconnection service to be the VC-4 passthrough service

Is the numbering mode the line numbering? No 1 Is there an overhead setting related alarm? No Is the interface the STM-1 electrical interface? 3 No

Yes

Modify the data configuration. Use the line numbering method to set the VC-12

Yes

Handle the alarm

2 Yes Check the grounding

Test the indexes of interfaces

Do the interfaces meet relevant standards? Yes

No

Handle the faults of the interconnected equipment

Go to the next step Handle the faults of the local equipment

No

Is the fault cleared? Yes

End

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Table 5-8 Flow description Note 1 Description Pay special attention to: l J0_MM l HP_TIM l LP_TIM l LP_TIM_VC12 l LP_TIM_VC3 l HP_SLM l LP_SLM l LP_SLM_VC12 l LP_SLM_VC3 2 Check the following points: l Check whether all the equipment and the DDF in the equipment room are jointly grounded. l Check whether the shielding layer of the coaxial cable connector on the DDF is connected to the protection ground. l Check whether the shielding layers of coaxial cables are grounded in the same way.
NOTE Disconnect all the signal cables between the interconnecting equipment. Use a multimeter to measure the level between the shielding layers of the coaxial cables at the receive and transmit ends of the SDH equipment. In addition, measure the level between the shielding layers of the coaxial cables at the receive and transmit ends of the opposite equipment. If the potential difference is large (about 0.5 V), the fault may be caused by the grounding.

Common indexes of the optical interfaces: l Mean launched optical power l Receiver sensitivity l Overload optical power l Permitted frequency deviation of the input interface Common indexes of the electrical interfaces: l Permitted frequency deviation of the input interface l Allowed attenuation of the input interface

Experience and Summary


To clear any interconnection fault, you need to have a knowledge of the characteristics of the interfaces of the interconnected equipment.

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5.6 Troubleshooting the Interconnection with the PDH Equipment


In the case that the OptiX RTN equipment is interconnected with the PDH equipment, if the PDH service cannot be transmitted between the equipment sets, there is an interconnection fault.

Fault Causes
l l l l There is an impedance mismatch between interfaces. The equipment is not properly grounded. The cable performance degrades. The indexes of PDH interfaces do not meet the requirements.

Fault Locating Methods


Analyze the fault phenomenon and alarms. Check the possible fault causes one by one.

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Fault Locating Procedures


Figure 5-7 Flow of troubleshooting the interconnection with the PDH equipment
Start 1 Check the impedance of the interfaces

Is there an Yes impedance mismatch? No Is the cable the coaxial cable? 3 No Check the cables Yes

Replace the cable or the tributary board 2 Check the grounding

Is in good conditions?

No

Adjust the cables

Yes Test the indexes of interfaces

Do the interfaces meet standards? Yes

No

Handle the faults of the interconnected equipment Go to the next step No Is the fault cleared? Yes Handle the faults of the local equipment End

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Table 5-9 Flow description Note 1 2 Description Check whether the type of the tributary board Check the following points: l Check whether all the equipment and the DDF in the equipment room are jointly grounded. l Check whether the shielding layer of the coaxial cable connector on the DDF is connected to the protection ground. l Check whether the shielding layers of coaxial cables are grounded in the same way.
NOTE Disconnect all the signal cables between the interconnecting equipment. Use a multimeter to measure the level between the shielding layers of the coaxial cables at the receive and transmit ends of the PDH equipment. Also measure the level between the shielding layers of the coaxial cables at the receive and transmit ends of the opposite equipment. If the potential difference is large (about 0.5 V), the fault may be caused by the grounding.

Check the following points: l Check whether the wires of the cable are correctly connected. l Check whether the cable is broken or pressed. l Check whether the cable signal is interfered (for example, when the trunk cable is bound with the power cable, the cable signal is interfered by the power signal).
NOTE Checking the cables involves checking the cables from the DDF to the client side and checking the cables from the DDF to the transmission equipment side.

Check the following indexes: l Input jitter tolerance l Permitted input frequency deviation l Output jitter l Output frequency deviation

Experience and Summary


Grounding problems are the most common reasons that cause an interconnection failure when the OptiX RTN 600 is interconnected with the PDH equipment.

5.7 Troubleshooting SDH/PDH Radio-Based Ethernet Service Faults


EoS/EoPDH-based Ethernet services can be transmitted through SDH/PDH radio networks or TDM networks. The associated service faults include Ethernet service interruption and Ethernet service degradation.
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Ethernet service interruption indicates that the Ethernet service is completely interrupted. Ethernet service degradation indicates that the Ethernet service is abnormal. For example, the network speed is low, the equipment delay is long, loss of packets occurs, or incorrect packets exist in the received or transmitted data.

Fault Causes
l The possible human factors are as follows: Loopback is performed on an Ethernet board, or loopback is performed on a transmission line. The settings of parameters of an Ethernet port such as port enabled, working mode, and flow control are different from those of its interconnected equipment. The configuration of the encapsulation/mapping protocol or the LCAS protocol is different from that of the opposite equipment. The VCTRUNK-bound timeslot is different from that of the opposite equipment. The service configuration is incorrect. l l l l l l The equipment at the local end is faulty. The line board is faulty or has bit errors. Certain E1 services are transmitted on the transmission lines for EoS-based Ethernet services. The interconnected equipment is faulty. The network cable is faulty. External electromagnetic interference is severe.

Fault Locating Methods


1. 2. 3. Rectify the human-caused faults such as a loopback and data configuration error. Locate the fault cause according to the equipment alarm. Locate the fault cause according to the RMON performance event and alarm.

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Fault Locating Procedures


Figure 5-8 Flow of handling Ethernet service faults
Start

1 Incorrect operation? No 2 Equipment alarm or radio link alarm? No 3 Ethernet service alarm? No

Yes

Cancel the operation

Yes

Clear the alarm

Yes

Clear the alarm

Query the port and service traffic and analyze the fault causes

4 Loop formed by the Yes E-LAN service trails?

Release the loop

Abnormal Yes RMON performance events?

Rectify the fault according to the flow of handling abnormal RMON performance events

No

Fault on the opposite equipment?


No

Yes

Troubleshoot the opposite equipment

Troubleshoot the equipment by performing loopback operations section by section by replacing boards

Proceed to the next step

No

Is the fault rectified? Yes End

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Table 5-10 Flow description Note 1 Description Check the following points: l Whether a loopback is set for the Ethernet port l Whether a loopback is set for the transmission line l Whether the settings of parameters of an Ethernet port such as port enabled, working mode, and flow control are the same as those of its interconnected equipment l Whether the configuration of the encapsulation/mapping protocol or the LCAS protocol is the same as that of the opposite equipment l Whether the VCTRUNK-bound timeslot is the same as that of the opposite equipment l Whether the Ethernet protocol and the Ethernet service configuration (especially the attributes of the Ethernet port) are correct. 2 Check the following equipment alarms: l POWER_ALM l FAN_FAIL l HARD_BAD l BD_STATUS l SYN_BAD l NESF_LOST l TEMP_ALARM l RADIO_RSL_HIGH l RADIO_RSL_LOW l RADIO_TSL_HIGH l RADIO_TSL_LOW l IF_INPWR_ABN Check the following line alarms: l MW_LIM l MW_LOF l R_LOS l R_LOF l MS_AIS l AU_AIS l AU_LOP l B1_EXC l B2_EXC

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Note 3

Description Check the following: l ETH_LOS l FLOW_OVER l ALM_GFP_dCSF l ALM_GFP_dLFD l FCS_ERR l LCAS_PLCT l LCAS_TLCT l LCAS_PLCR l LCAS_TLCR l LCAS_FOPT l LCAS_FOPR l LFA

Check whether loops occur in the Ethernet LAN services.


TIP You can check whether a loop occurs by using the self-loop test function of the EMS6.

For RMON performance events, refer to D RMON Event Reference.

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Figure 5-9 Flow of handling RMON abnormal performance events


Start 1 View the statistics group performance on an Ethernet port

Is there any FCS error? No Is there any collision or fragment? No Is there any PAUSE frame? No Are broadcast packets excessive? No

Yes

Rectify the fault of line bit errors

Yes

Check the working mode of the port

4 Yes Handle the flow control problem or increase the bandwidth 5

Yes

Handle the problem on excessive broadcast packets

Use a meter to perform the test

Is the test passed? No 6 Is it a MTU setting problem? No Rectify the equipment fault by loopback section by section or replacing the board

Yes

Rectify the fault of the interconnected equipment

Yes

Modify the MTU value

Proceed with the next step

No

Is the fault rectified? Yes

End

Table 5-11 Flow description Note 1 Description View the statistics group performance on an Ethernet port to obtain the realtime performance statistics of the Ethernet port.

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Note 2

Description The handling procedure is as follows: l Check the Ethernet cable. If the Ethernet cable is not qualified, replace it with a new one. l Access the Ethernet services by using another Ethernet port. If the new port does not report the "FCS error " of RMON performance, you can infer that the hardware of the previous port is faulty. Otherwise, you can infer that the hardware of the Ethernet port at the opposite side is faulty.

Check the following points: l Whether the port operating rate of this equipment is the same as that of its interconnected equipment l Whether the duplex/half-duplex mode of ports on this equipment is the same as that on its interconnected equipment l Do not set one port to auto-negotiation and the opposite port to full-duplex.

Check the following points: l Whether the flow control mode of this equipment is the same as that of its interconnected equipment l Whether the Ethernet service volume is larger that the configured VCTRUNK bandwidth

Identify the causes of generating excessive broadcast packets, such as 7.5.5 Setting Loopback for the Ethernet Service Processing Board or incorrect setting of the VB filtering table, and handle the problem accordingly. If the fault lies in the opposite equipment, you can reduce the number of broadcast packets by setting a broadcast packet suppression threshold for the Ethernet port. The Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) of a network can be tested by a test meter. The maximum frame length that is set for a port must be longer than this maximum network MTU.

Experience and Summary


Understand the features, working mode, and configured protocols of interfaces on Ethernet equipment, which is required to troubleshoot Ethernet faults.

5.8 Troubleshooting Faults in Hybrid Radio-Based Ethernet Services


Hybrid radio-based Ethernet services can be transmitted over Hybrid radio networks but cannot traverse a TDM network. The associated faults include Ethernet service interruption and Ethernet service degradation. The Ethernet service interruption indicates that the Ethernet service is completely interrupted. The Ethernet service degradation indicates that the Ethernet service is abnormal. For example,
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the network access speed is low, the equipment delay is long, the packet loss occurs, or incorrect packets exist in the received or transmitted data.

Fault Causes
l The human factors are as follows: An Ethernet board loopback or a transmission line loopback occurs. The settings of the parameters of an Ethernet port, such as the port enabling, working mode, and flow control are different from those of the interconnected equipment. The configuration of the encapsulation/mapping or LCAS protocol is different from that of the remote equipment. The VCTRUNK-bound timeslot is different from that of the remote equipment. The service configuration is incorrect. l l l l l l The local equipment is faulty. The line board is faulty or has bit errors. The modulation mode changes because of the degradation of the link performance when the AM function is enabled. The interconnected equipment is faulty. The network cable is faulty. The external electromagnetic interference is severe.

Fault Locating Methods


1. 2. 3. Rectify the human-caused faults such as a loopback and a data configuration error. Locate the fault cause according to the equipment alarm. Locate the fault cause according to the RMON performance event and alarm.

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Fault Locating Procedure


Figure 5-10 Flow of handling an Ethernet service fault
Start

1 Incorrect operation? No 2 Equipment alarm or radio link alarm? No 3 Ethernet service alarm? No

Yes

Cancel the operation

Yes

Clear the alarm

Yes

Clear the alarm

Query the port and service traffic and analyze the fault causes

4 Loop formed by the Yes E-LAN service trails?

Release the loop

Abnormal Yes RMON performance events?

Rectify the fault according to the flow of handling abnormal RMON performance events

No

Fault on the opposite equipment?


No

Yes

Troubleshoot the opposite equipment

Troubleshoot the equipment by performing loopback operations section by section by replacing boards

Proceed to the next step

No

Is the fault rectified? Yes End

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Table 5-12 Flow description Note 1 Description Check the following points: l Whether a loopback is set for the Ethernet board l Whether a loopback is set for the transmission line l Whether the settings of the parameters of an Ethernet port, such as the port enabling, working mode, and flow control are the same as those of the interconnected equipment l Whether the configuration of the encapsulation/mapping or LCAS protocol is the same as that of the remote equipment l Whether the VCTRUNK-bound timeslot is the same as that of the remote equipment l Whether the Ethernet protocol and the Ethernet service configuration (especially the attributes of the Ethernet port) are correct. 2 Check the following equipment alarms: l POWER_ALM l FAN_FAIL l HARD_BAD l BD_STATUS l SYN_BAD l NESF_LOST l TEMP_ALARM l RADIO_RSL_HIGH l RADIO_RSL_LOW l RADIO_TSL_HIGH l RADIO_TSL_LOW l IF_INPWR_ABN Check the following line alarms: l MW_LIM l MW_LOF l MW_BER_EXC l MW_BER_SD l MW_LIM l MW_LOF l MW_RDI l MW_FEC_UNCOR 3 Check the following alarms: l ETH_LOS l ALM_GFP_dCSF

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Note 4

Description Check the following alarms: l ALM_GFP_dLFD l FCS_ERR l LCAS_PLCT l LCAS_TLCT l LCAS_PLCR l LCAS_TLCR l LCAS_FOPT l LCAS_FOPR

For RMON performance events, refer to the D RMON Event Reference.

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Figure 5-11 Flow of handling an abnormal RMON performance event


Start 1 View the statistics group performance on an Ethernet port

Is there any FCS error? No Is there any collision or fragment? No Is there any PAUSE frame? No Are broadcast packets excessive? No

Yes

Rectify the fault of line bit errors

Yes

Check the working mode of the port

4 Yes Handle the flow control problem or increase the bandwidth 5

Yes

Handle the problem on excessive broadcast packets

Use a meter to perform the test

Is the test passed? No 6 Is it a MTU setting problem? No Rectify the equipment fault by loopback section by section or replacing the board

Yes

Rectify the fault of the interconnected equipment

Yes

Modify the MTU value

Proceed with the next step

No

Is the fault rectified? Yes

End

Table 5-13 Flow description Note 1 Description View the statistics group performance on an Ethernet port to understand the real-time performance statistics data of the Ethernet port.

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Note 2

Description The handling procedure is as follows: l Check the network cable. If the network cable does not meet the requirements, replace the network cable. l Change the Ethernet port of the access services on the Ethernet board. If the new port does not have the RMON performance of an FCS error, it indicates that the hardware of the original port is faulty. Otherwise, the hardware of the Ethernet port on the opposite equipment is faulty.

Check the following points: l Whether the port operating rate of the equipment is the same as that of the interconnected equipment l Whether the full-duplex/half-duplex mode of a port on the equipment is the same as that on the interconnected equipment l Do not set the auto-negotiation at one end and the full-duplex at the other end.

Check the following points: l Whether the flow control mode of the equipment is the same as that of the interconnected equipment l Whether the Ethernet service volume is greater than the configured VCTRUNK bandwidth

Find out of the reason of excessive broadcast packets (such as 7.5.5 Setting Loopback for the Ethernet Service Processing Board or improper VB filter table setting) and solve the problem. If the problem is caused by the opposite equipment, set the threshold of broadcast packet suppression for an Ethernet port to reduce broadcast packets. Test the MTU of the network by using a test meter. The maximum frame length that is set for a port should be longer than the MTU of the network.

Experience and Summary


Understand the features, working mode, and configured protocols of interfaces on the Ethernet equipment, which is required to troubleshoot Ethernet faults.

5.9 Troubleshooting Pointer Justifications


When an NE reports a large amount of justification events of the administrative unit (AU) pointer or the tributary unit (TU) pointer, there are pointer justification faults. When the position of the first byte of the VC-4 in the AU-4 payload changes, the AU pointer makes a justification accordingly. The performance events of the AU pointer justification are as follows: l l
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AUPJCNEW
NOTE

The AU pointer justification is generated at an upstream NE but is detected and reported at a downstream NE.

When the service is configured to be at the VC-12 level, apply the re-framing process to terminate the AU pointer justification. The terminating method is to transform the AU pointer justification into the TU pointer justification. The performance events of the TU pointer justification are as follows: l l l TUPJCHIGH TUPJCLOW TUPJCNEW
NOTE

The TU pointer justification is generated at the NE where the AU pointer is transformed into the TU pointer, but is detected and reported by the tributary board of the NE where services are terminated.

Fault Causes
l l l l The clock sources or the clock source levels are wrongly configured. As a result, there are two clock sources in the same network or mutual clock tracing occurs. The optical fibers links are wrongly connected. As a result, mutual clock tracing occurs. The quality of the clock source degrades, the clock unit is faulty, or there are other clockrelated faults. The tributary board is faulty (only for the TU pointer justification).

Fault Locating Methods


When there are both AU pointer justifications and TU pointer justifications in a service path, first handle AU pointer justifications and then TU pointer justifications. Fault Types AU pointer justifications Fault Locating Methods 1. Analyze and clear clock alarms. 2. Correct wrong data configurations and wrong fiber connections. 3. Change the clock and service configurations to find the stations whose clock is asynchronous with the entire network. 4. Replace the components whose performance is possibly poor or degraded to locate a fault.

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Fault Types TU pointer justifications

Fault Locating Methods 1. Analyze and clear clock alarms. 2. Correct wrong data configurations and wrong fiber connections. 3. Change the clock and service configurations to find the stations whose clock is asynchronous with the entire network. 4. Replace the components whose performance is possibly poor or degraded to locate a fault.

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Fault Locating Procedures


Figure 5-12 Flow of handling pointer justifications
Start

1 Is there a clock related alarm? 2 No Check the clock configuration

Yes

Handle the alarm

Wrong configuration? No

Yes

Modify the data configuration

Check the fiber connection

Wrongly connected?

Yes Re-connect the fiber

No 4 Is there an AU pointer Yes justification event? No Is there a TU pointer justification event? No Go to the next step Yes Find the NE whose clock is out of synchronization 5 Locate the faulty board

6 Find the NE whose clock is out of synchronization

7 Find the faulty board

No

Is the fault cleared?

Yes End

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Table 5-14 Flow description Note 1 Description Pay special attention to: l TEMP_ALARM l SYN_BAD l HARD_BAD l LTI l SYNC_C_LOS l S1_SYN_CHANGE l EXT_SYNC_LOS 2 Check the following points: l Check whether there are two clock reference sources in the entire network. l Check whether mutual clock tracing occurs. 3 Query ECC routes to check whether the fibers are correctly connected. Check the fiber connection in the east and west directions of the NE that reports the pointer justification event. Follow the steps below: 1. Locate the VC-4 channel that reports an AU pointer justification event. 2. Along the service source direction of the VC-4 channel, locate the source NE of the entire VC-4 service (not the source NE of a timeslot in the VC-4). 3. Set the clock of the source NE to free-run. Set other NEs to trace the clock of the source NE along the direction of the VC-4 service. 4. Along the clock tracing direction, find the line board that is the first to report the AU pointer justification of the VC-4 channel. The clock of the remote NE to which the line board is connected is asynchronous with the reference clock. Hence, the line board in the remote NE that receives the clock signal, the line board that sends the clock signal to the remote NE, and the clock unit of the remote NE, may be faulty. 5. Set the clock of the sink NE of the VC-4 service to free-run. Set other NEs to trace the clock of the sink NE along the direction of the VC-4 service. 6. Along the clock tracing direction, find the line board that is the first to report the AU pointer justification of the VC-4 channel. The clock of the remote NE to which the line board is connected is asynchronous with the reference clock. Hence, the line board in the remote NE that receives the clock signal, the line board that sends the clock signal to the remote NE, and the clock unit of the remote NE, may be faulty. 7. Compare the results and find out the common points. 5 Replace the possibly faulty boards.

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Note 6

Description Follow the steps below: 1. Modify the service configuration to make the NE where the clock reference source is as the central NE. Other NEs has the E1 service of the central NE. 2. Along the clock tracing direction, find the NE that is the first to report the TU pointer justification. The clock of the NE is asynchronous with the reference clock. Hence, the line board in the NE that receives the clock signal, the line board that sends the clock signal to the NE, and the clock unit of the NE, may be faulty. 3. Modify the configuration data to make all NEs trace the clock in another direction. 4. Along the clock tracing direction, find the NE that is the first to report the TU pointer justification. The clock of the NE is asynchronous with the reference clock. Hence, the line board in the NE that receives the clock signal, the line board that sends the clock signal to the NE, and the clock unit of the NE, may be faulty. 5. Compare the results and find out the common points.
NOTE This method is also applicable in locating an AU pointer justification event.

Replace the possibly faulty boards. For a TU pointer justification, check the line board, the clock board, and the tributary board.

Experience and Summary


In a well synchronized network, there are few pointer justifications (less than six per day). Hence, monitoring the pointer of an SDH transmission system is an effective way to check the synchronization of the system.

5.10 Troubleshooting Orderwire Faults


If orderwire calls cannot get through when services are normal, there is an orderwire fault.

Fault Causes
l l l The phone set is incorrectly set. The phone line is connected incorrectly. The orderwire is incorrectly configured.
NOTE

When services are transmitted over E1 lines, the orderwire traffic needs to be transmitted in other means, for example, through the synchronous data interface or external clock interface.

l l

The system control unit is faulty. The line unit is faulty.

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Fault Locating Methods


l l Check whether the phone set is correctly set, whether the phone line is correctly connected, and whether the orderwire is correctly configured. Replace the possibly faulty board to locate the fault.

Fault Locating Procedures


Figure 5-13 Flow of handling orderwire faults
Start 1 Check the phone setting

Is the phone correctly set? Yes Is the phone line correctly connected? Yes 2 Check the orderwire configuration

No

Modify the phone setting

No

Re-connect the phone line

Is the configuration correct? Yes 3 Replace the possibly faulty board

No

Modify the configuration

Go to the next step

No

Is the fault cleared? Yes

End

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Table 5-15 Flow description Note 1 Description Check the following points: l Check whether the ring current switch "RING" on the phone set is set to "ON". l Check whether the dialing mode switch is set to "T", that is, the dual tone multi-frequency mode. l An orderwire phone set should be on-hook when it is not in communication, and the upper-right red indicator in the front view of the orderwire phone set should be off. If the red indicator is on, it indicates that the phone set is in the off-hook state. Press the "TALK" button in front of phone set to hook it up. In certain occasions the "TALK" button is pressed by the maintenance personnel due to carelessness. This makes the phone set stay in the off-hook state all the time and the orderwire call from other NEs cannot get through. 2 Check the following points: l Check whether all orderwire phone numbers in a subnet are of the same length. l Check whether all orderwire phone numbers in a subnet are unique. l Check whether the overhead bytes of all NEs in a subnet are the same. l Check whether the orderwire port is correctly set. 3 Replace the SCC board and the line board that extracts the orderwire byte to locate the fault.

Experience and Summary


It is necessary to periodically check the orderwire phone set.

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6
About This Chapter
Table 6-1 Part replacement description Part Name SL1, SD1, and SL4 SLE and SDE PH1, PO1, PD1, and PL3 EFT4, EMS6, and EFP6 IF1A, IF1B, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, and IFH2 PXC SCC FAN ODU Operation

Part Replacement

Part replacement is a method frequently used to locate faults. The replacement operation varies with the part types.

Tool l ESD wrist strap l Screwdriver l Web LCT

6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board 6.5 Replacing the PDH Interface Board 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board 6.7 Replacing the IF Board

6.8 Replacing the PXC Board 6.10 Replacing the SCC Board 6.11 Replacing the Fan Tray 6.12 Replacing an ODU l Ejector lever (torque wrench) l Web LCT l Silicon l Waterproof adhesive tape

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Part Name Replacing the IF Cable

Operation 6.13 Replacing the IF Cable

Tool l Multimeter l Ejector lever l Electro-technical knife l File l Installation parts and accessories of the connector l IF cable l Waterproof adhesive tape

6.1 Removing a Board Removing a board is a basic operation for replacing a board. 6.2 Inserting a Board Inserting a board is a basic operation for replacing a board. 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board When the SDH optical interface board is replaced, the service of the board without any protection is interrupted. 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board When the SDH electrical interface board is replaced, the service of the board without any protection is interrupted. 6.5 Replacing the PDH Interface Board When the PDH interface board is replaced, the services of the board are interrupted. 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board When the Ethernet service processing board is replaced, the services on this board are interrupted. 6.7 Replacing the IF Board If the IF board is not configured with 1+1 protection and the services of the board are not configured with any protection, the services on the board are interrupted during board replacement. If the IF board is configured with XPIC, the XPIC-related services are also affected. 6.8 Replacing the PXC Board If the PXC board is not configured with the 1+1 backup, all services of the system are interrupted during this process. 6.9 Replacing the Storage Card When replacing the storage card, do not perform any operations on the NMS, and do not perform switching. 6.10 Replacing the SCC Board During this process, no NM operation and switching can be performed. 6.11 Replacing the Fan Tray The IDU cannot perform air cooling in the process of fan tray replacement. Therefore, you need to replace the fan board quickly. 6.12 Replacing an ODU If the radio link provided by an ODU is not configured with protection and the services on the ODU are not configured with protection, replacing the ODU interrupts the services. In addition,
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the services on the radio link of the other polarization direction are affected if the radio link provided by the ODU is configured with XPIC. 6.13 Replacing the IF Cable The IF cable cannot transmit radio services when it is replaced.

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6.1 Removing a Board


Removing a board is a basic operation for replacing a board.

Procedure
Step 1 Insert one end of the ESD wrist strap into the ESD connector on the cabinet. Wear the ESD wrist strap. Step 2 Optional: If the board is connected with cables, remove the cables after marking them. Step 3 Loosen the screws on the panel of the board. Figure 6-1 Removing a board (1)

Step 4 Hold the left and right ejector levers with hands. Push them outwards to disengage the board from the backplane. Figure 6-2 Removing a board (2)

Step 5 Pull out the board gently along the guide rail in the slot. At this time, the board is in a parallel manner.
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Figure 6-3 Removing a board (3)

CAUTION
Remove the board slowly, to prevent the components on the boards from colliding.

Step 6 Put the removed board into the antistatic box or bag. ----End

6.2 Inserting a Board


Inserting a board is a basic operation for replacing a board.

Procedure
Step 1 Insert one end of the ESD wrist strap into the ESD connector on the cabinet. Wear the ESD wrist strap. Step 2 Hold the ejector levers with hands on the panel. Push them outwards so that the angle between the ejector lever and the panel is 45 degrees or so. Step 3 Push the board gently along the slot guide rail until the board cannot slide further. Figure 6-4 Inserting a board (1)

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CAUTION
Insert the board slowly, to prevent the components on the boards from colliding. Step 4 Press the two ejector levers inward with force. Figure 6-5 Inserting a board (2)

Step 5 Tighten screws on the panel. Figure 6-6 Inserting a board (3)

Step 6 Optional: If the board is connected to cables originally, connect the cables based on the label marked on them. ----End

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6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board


When the SDH optical interface board is replaced, the service of the board without any protection is interrupted.

Prerequisite
l l l l You must be aware of the impact of board replacement. You must know the specific position of the board to be replaced. You must know the service protection and protection channels of the board to be replaced. The spare SDH optical interface board must be at hand and that the version and type of the spare board must be consistent with those of the board to be replaced. You can perform the task in 7.4.2 Querying a Board Manufacture Information Report to learn the version of the board to be replaced.
NOTE

You can identify the type of a board through the board feature code in the bar code on the ejector lever.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


l l l ESD wrist strap Screwdriver Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Use the Web LCT to query the current alarms of the board. Step 2 Optional: If the services on the board are configured with the SNCP, ensure that the services are switched to the protection channel. 1. 2. Query the SNCP protection group. If the port on the board functions as the current working channel, the current protection channel is not on the board, and the state of the current protection channel is normal or SD, perform forced switching.

Step 3 Optional: If the services on the board are configured with the linear MSP, ensure that the services are switched to the protection channel. 1. 2. Query the linear MSP group. If the port on the board functions as the current working channel, the current protection channel is not on the board, and the state of the current protection channel is normal or SD, perform forced switching.

Step 4 Optional: If the services on the board are configured with the ring MSP, ensure that the services are switched to the protection channel. 1. 2. Query the linear MSP group. If the port on the board functions as the current working channel, the current protection channel is not on the board, and the state of the current protection channel is normal or SD, perform forced switching.
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Step 5 Remove the board according to 6.1 Removing a Board. Step 6 Check whether the version and SFP type of the spare board are the same as those of the board to be replaced. Step 7 Insert the spare board according to 6.2 Inserting a Board. Step 8 After the board starts to work, observe the indicators. The STAT indicator should be on and green. Step 9 Query the current alarms on the board using the Web LCT. There should be no new alarms. Step 10 Optional: If the forced SNCP switching has been performed for the services, clear the forced switching using the Web LCT. Step 11 Optional: If the linear MSP switching has been performed for the services, clear the forced switching using the Web LCT. Step 12 Optional: If the ring MSP switching has been performed for the services, clear the forced switching using the Web LCT. ----End

6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board


When the SDH electrical interface board is replaced, the service of the board without any protection is interrupted.

Prerequisite
l l l l You must be aware of the impact of board replacement. You must know the specific position of the board to be replaced. You must know the service protection and protection channels of the board to be replaced. The spare SDH electrical interface board must be at hand and that the version and type of the spare board must be consistent with those of the board to be replaced. You can query the board manufacturing information to obtain the version of the board to be replaced.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


l l l ESD wrist strap Screwdriver Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Use the Web LCT to query the current alarms of the board. Step 2 If the services on the board are configured with the SNCP, ensure that the services are switched to the protection channel. 1.
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Query the SNCP protection group.


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2.

If the port on the board functions as the current working channel, the current protection channel is not on the board, and the state of the current protection channel is normal or SD, perform forced switching.

Step 3 If the services on the board are configured with the linear MSP, ensure that the services are switched to the protection channel. 1. 2. Query the linear MSP group. If the port on the board functions as the current working channel, the current protection channel is not on the board, and the state of the current protection channel is normal or SD, perform forced switching.

Step 4 If the services on the board are configured with the ring MSP, ensure that the services are switched to the protection channel. 1. 2. Query the ring MSP group. If the port on the board functions as the current working channel, the current protection channel is not on the board, and the state of the current protection channel is normal or SD, perform forced switching.

Step 5 Remove the board according to 6.1 Removing a Board. Step 6 Ensure that the version of the spare board is the same as the version of the board to be replaced. Step 7 Insert the spare board according to 6.2 Inserting a Board. Step 8 After the board starts to work, observe the indicators. The STAT indicator should be on and green. Step 9 Query the current alarms on the board using the Web LCT. There should be no new alarms. Step 10 Optional: If the forced SNCP switching has been performed for the services, clear the forced switching using the Web LCT. Step 11 Optional: If the linear MSP switching has been performed for the services, clear the forced switching using the Web LCT. Step 12 Optional: If the ring MSP switching has been performed for the services, clear the forced switching using the Web LCT. ----End

6.5 Replacing the PDH Interface Board


When the PDH interface board is replaced, the services of the board are interrupted.

Prerequisite
l l l l You must be aware of the impact of board replacement. You must know the specific position of the board to be replaced. You must know the service protection and protection channels of the board to be replaced. The spare PDH interface board must be at hand and that the version and type of the spare board must be consistent with those of the board to be replaced. You can query the board manufacturing information to obtain the version of the board to be replaced.
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NOTE

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l The SL61PO1, PH1, and PD1 have two types: A and B. The A type is of 75-ohm interface impedance, and the B type is of 120-ohm interface impedance. You can identify them by the bar code on the board ejector lever. l The E1 interface of the SL62PO1 is RJ45. The interface impedance is 120 ohms. l The interface impedance of the PL3 is 75 ohms only.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


l l l ESD wrist strap Screwdriver Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Use the Web LCT to query the current alarms of the board. Step 2 Remove the board according to 6.1 Removing a Board. Step 3 Make sure the version and type of the spare board are consistent with those of the board to be replaced. Step 4 Insert the spare board according to 6.2 Inserting a Board. Step 5 After the board starts to work, observe the indicators. The STAT indicator should be on and green. Step 6 Query the current alarms on the board using the Web LCT. There should be no new alarms. ----End

6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board


When the Ethernet service processing board is replaced, the services on this board are interrupted.

Prerequisite
l l l l You must be aware of the impact of board replacement. You must know the specific position of the board to be replaced. You must know the service protection and protection channels of the board to be replaced. The spare Ethernet service processing board must be at hand and that the version and type of the spare board must be consistent with those of the board to be replaced. You can perform the task in 7.4.2 Querying a Board Manufacture Information Report to learn the version of the board to be replaced. In the case of the EMS6 board, the type of the spare board also must be consistent with the board to be replaced.
NOTE

You can identify the type of a board through the board feature code in the bar code on the ejector lever.

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Tools, Instruments, and Materials


l l l ESD wrist strap Screwdriver Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Use the Web LCT to query the current alarms of the board. Step 2 Remove the board according to 6.1 Removing a Board. Step 3 Check whether the version and type of the backup part are the same as those of the board to be replaced. Step 4 Insert the spare board according to 6.2 Inserting a Board. Step 5 After the board starts to work, observe the indicators. The STAT indicator should be on and green. Step 6 Query the current alarms on the board using the Web LCT. There should be no new alarms. ----End

6.7 Replacing the IF Board


If the IF board is not configured with 1+1 protection and the services of the board are not configured with any protection, the services on the board are interrupted during board replacement. If the IF board is configured with XPIC, the XPIC-related services are also affected.

Prerequisite
l l l l l You must be aware of the impact of board replacement. You must know the specific position of the board to be replaced. You must understand the configuration of the board 1+1 protection. You must know the service protection and protection channels of the board to be replaced. The spare IF board must be at hand and that the version and type of the spare board must be consistent with those of the board to be replaced. You can perform the task in 7.4.2 Querying a Board Manufacture Information Report to learn the version of the board to be replaced.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


l l l ESD wrist strap Screwdriver Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Use the Web LCT to query the current alarms of the board.
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Step 2 Optional: If the services on the board are configured with the SNCP, ensure that the services are switched to the protection channel. 1. 2. Query the SNCP protection group. If the port on the board functions as the current working channel, the current protection channel is not on the board, and the state of the current protection channel is normal or SD, perform forced switching.

Step 3 Optional: If the services on the radio link are configured with the 1+1 protection, ensure that the services are switched to the protection IF board. 1. 2. Query the IF 1+1 protection group. If the board functions as the current working board, and the state of the current protection board is normal or SD, perform forced switching.

Step 4 Optional: If the services on the radio link are configured with the N+1 protection, ensure that the services are switched to the protection IF board. 1. 2. Query the IF N+1 protection group. If the board functions as the current working board, and the state of the current protection board is normal or SD, perform forced switching.

Step 5 Turn off the ODU-PWR switch on the front panel of the IF board to be replaced. Step 6 Remove the board according to 6.1 Removing a Board. Step 7 Check whether the version and type of the spare board are the same as those of the board to be replaced. Step 8 Ensure that the ODU-PWR switch on the front panel of the spare IF board is turned off. Step 9 Insert the spare board according to 6.2 Inserting a Board. Step 10 After the board starts to work, observe the indicators. The STAT indicator should be on and green. Step 11 Turn on the ODU-PWR switch on the front panel of the IF board. Step 12 Query the current alarms on the board using the Web LCT. There should be no new alarms. Step 13 If the new IF board is an IF1A/IF1B board and reports the new alarm NO_BD_SOFT, load and activate the FPGA file of the IF board again according to the upgrade guide. Step 14 Optional: If the forced SNCP switching has been performed for the services, clear the forced switching using the Web LCT. Step 15 Optional: If the forced protection switching has been performed for the microwave line, clear the forced switching using the Web LCT. ----End

6.8 Replacing the PXC Board


If the PXC board is not configured with the 1+1 backup, all services of the system are interrupted during this process.
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Prerequisite
l l l l You must be aware of the impact of board replacement. You must know the specific position of the board to be replaced. You must understand the configuration of the board 1+1 protection. The spare PXC board must be at hand and that the version and type of the spare board must be consistent with those of the board to be replaced. You can perform the task in 7.4.2 Querying a Board Manufacture Information Report to learn the version of the board to be replaced.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


l l l ESD wrist strap Screwdriver Web LCT

Precaution
When the PXC is configured with 1+1 protection and only one-channel power is accessed, it is recommended to provide one-channel -48 V/-60 V power for the standby PXC board temporarily. After the board is replaced, stop providing power for the standby board. This can ensure that the equipment does not power off during the PXC replacement.

Procedure
Step 1 Use the Web LCT to query the current alarms of the board. Step 2 Optional: If the board to be replaced works in 1+1 mode and it is the main board, see 7.12 Switching PXC Boards. Step 3 Turn off the SYS-PWR switch of the PXC board to be replaced. Step 4 Turn off the switch of the power that provides power for the PXC board to be replaced. Step 5 Remove the board according to 6.1 Removing a Board. Step 6 Ensure that the version and type of the spare board are consistent with those of the board to be replaced. Step 7 Insert the spare board according to 6.2 Inserting a Board. Step 8 Turn on the switch of the power that provides power for the PXC board. Step 9 Turn on the SYS-PWR switch of the PXC board. Step 10 After the board starts to work, observe the indicators. The STAT indicator should be on and green. Step 11 Query the current alarms on the board using the Web LCT. There should be no new alarms. Step 12 Optional: If the switching is performed before the replacement, perform a switchover operation on the Web LCT to make the working board be the active board, not the standby board. ----End
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6.9 Replacing the Storage Card


When replacing the storage card, do not perform any operations on the NMS, and do not perform switching.

Prerequisite
l l You must be aware of the impact of storage card replacement. You must know the specific position of the storage card to be replaced.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


l l l ESD wrist strap Screwdriver Web LCT

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Background Information
Figure 6-7 Positions of the jumpers and storage card
SL61SCCVER.C or SL61SCCVER.E

1 2

JUMP4 JUMP3 JUMP2 JUMP1

Jumper definition 1 2 JUMP4 JUMP3 JUMP2 JUMP1

SL61SCCVER.B 9 2 1 10

JUMP1 JUMP2 JUMP3 JUMP4


1. Jumpers 2. Storage card

Table 6-2 Setting the jumpers Jumper Setting (1: disconnected, 0: short circuit) JUMP4 0 0 0 JUMP3 0 0 0 JUMP2 0 0 1 JUMP1 0 1 0 Normal operating state. Reserved. Reserved. Function

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Jumper Setting (1: disconnected, 0: short circuit) JUMP4 0 0 JUMP3 0 1 JUMP2 1 0 JUMP1 1 0

Function

Commissioning state. Operating state, with the WatchDog disabled and memory undergone full check. BIOS holdover state. Even if the NE software exists, it is not running. The IP address is always 129.9.0.5. The IP in the parameter area does not change for the convenience of querying. Exhibition mode. Data recover state. Reserved. Reserved. To erase the system parameter area. To erase database. To erase NE software and its patches. To erase database, NE software and its patches.

0 0 1 1 1

1 1 0 0 0

1 1 0 0 1

0 1 0 1 0

1 1

0 1

1 0

1 0

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Jumper Setting (1: disconnected, 0: short circuit) JUMP4 1 JUMP3 1 JUMP2 1 JUMP1 0

Function

To format the file system so that all the data is erased. To format the file system so that all the data is erased (file system + extended BIOS + system parameter area).

Procedure
Step 1 Use the Web LCT to query the current alarms of the board. Step 2 Remove the board according to 6.1 Removing a Board. Step 3 Set the jumpers on the SCC board to positions 0111. Step 4 Remove the storage card from the SCC board. 1. 2. Wear an ESD wrist strap. Unscrew the storage card, and remove the plug of the storage card from the socket of the SCC board. Figure 6-8 Removing a Storage Card

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Step 5 Install the spare storage card onto the SCC board. Figure 6-9 Installing a Storage Card

Step 6 Insert the SCC board. Step 7 When the SCC board changes to BIOS state, remove the SCC board.
NOTE

When the SCC board works in BIOS state, the PROG indicator on the front panel blinks slowly (300 ms on and 300 ms off).

Step 8 Set the jumpers on the SCC board to positions 0000 (default setting). Step 9 Insert the SCC board. Step 10 Query the current alarms on the board using the Web LCT. There should be no new alarms. ----End

6.10 Replacing the SCC Board


During this process, no NM operation and switching can be performed.

Prerequisite
l l l You must be aware of the impact of board replacement. You must know the specific position of the board to be replaced. The spare SCC board must be available and that the version and type of the spare board must be consistent with the version and type of the board to be replaced. You can perform the task in 7.4.2 Querying a Board Manufacture Information Report to learn the version of the board to be replaced.
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Tools, Instruments, and Materials


l l l ESD wrist strap Screwdriver Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Use the Web LCT to query the current alarms of the board. Step 2 Press the RST button on the SCC front panel. During the reset of the SCC board, the PROG indicator is on, off, flashing, and off sequentially. Step 3 When the PROG indicator is operating, Refer to section 3.2.1 Removing a Board, remove the board. Step 4 Make sure the version and the jumper settings of the spare board are consistent with the version and the jumper settings of the board to be replaced. Step 5 See 6.9 Replacing the Storage Card to remove the CF card from the original board and then install the CF card to the spare board. Step 6 Insert the spare board according to 6.2 Inserting a Board. Step 7 After the board starts to work, observe the indicators on the board. The STAT indicator should be on and green. Step 8 Query the current alarms on the board using the Web LCT. There should be no new alarms. ----End

6.11 Replacing the Fan Tray


The IDU cannot perform air cooling in the process of fan tray replacement. Therefore, you need to replace the fan board quickly.

Prerequisite
The spare board must be made available, and the version and type of the spare board must be the same as those of the board to be replaced. You can query the board manufacturing information to learn about the version of the board to be replaced.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


l l l ESD wrist strap Screwdriver Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Use the Web LCT to query the current alarms of the board.
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Step 2 Loosen the captive screws on the front panel of the fan tray. Step 3 Move the cables away from the front panel of the fan tray. Step 4 Remove the front panel of the fan tray. Figure 6-10 Removing the front panel of the fan tray

NOTE

If the IDU is installed in a dustproof environment, no air filter is installed.

Step 5 Remove the fan board gently and horizontally along the guide rail. Figure 6-11 Removing the fan tray

WARNING
Do not touch the blades until the fan has stopped rotating. Step 6 Check and ensure that the version and type of the spare board are the same as the version and type of the board to be replaced. Step 7 Insert the spare fan board steadily along the guide rail. Step 8 Install the front panel of the fan tray.
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Step 9 Tighten the captive screws on the front panel of the fan tray. Step 10 Observe the indicators on the front panel. The FAN indicator should be on and green. Step 11 Query the current alarms on the board using the Web LCT. There should be no new alarms. ----End

6.12 Replacing an ODU


If the radio link provided by an ODU is not configured with protection and the services on the ODU are not configured with protection, replacing the ODU interrupts the services. In addition, the services on the radio link of the other polarization direction are affected if the radio link provided by the ODU is configured with XPIC.

Prerequisite
l l l You must be aware of the impact of ODU replacement. You must know the specific positions of the ODU to be replaced and the IF board connected to the ODU. The spare ODU must be available and the type must be the same as the type of the ODU to be replaced.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


l l l l Torque wrench Web LCT Silicon Waterproof adhesive tape

Notes
Before you replace an ODU that is installed on the coupler, power off the ODU to be replaced, but do not power off or mute the other ODU. Otherwise, the services may be affected. The interface of the coupler generates little RF radiation, thus meeting the safety standards for electromagnetic radiation.

Procedure
Step 1 Query the current alarms on the ODU. Step 2 Turn off the ODU-PWR switch on the front panel of the IF board. Step 3 Remove the IF cable and the PGND cable connected to the ODU. Step 4 Remove the ODU.

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If... You need to remove the OptiX RTN 600 ODU with a waveguide interface You need to remove the OptiX RTN 600 ODU with a coaxial interface You need to remove the RTN XMC ODU with a coaxial interface

Then... Loosen the four latches of the ODU and disconnect the ODU from the antenna, the hybrid coupler, or ODU adapter. Remove the ODU from the post. Loosen the four M6 captive screws of the ODU cornerwise, Remove the ODU.

Step 5 Ensure that the type of the spare ODU is the same as the type of the ODU to be replaced. Step 6 Install the ODU. If... You need to install a new OptiX RTN 600 ODU with a waveguide interface You need to install a new OptiX RTN 600 ODU with a coaxial interface You need to install a new RTN XMC ODU with a coaxial interface Then... See the OptiX RTN 600 ODU Quick Installation Guide to install the ODU. See the OptiX RTN 600 ODU Quick Installation Guide to install the ODU. See the RTN XMC ODU Quick Installation Guide to install the ODU.

Step 7 Connect the PGND cable and the IF cable to the ODU. Step 8 Waterproof the IF interface on the ODU. Step 9 Turn on the ODU-PWR switch on the front panel of the IF board. Step 10 After the ODU starts to work, observe the ODU and LINK indicators on the front panel of the IF board. The two indicators should be on and green. Step 11 Query the current alarms of the ODU. There should be no new alarms. ----End

6.13 Replacing the IF Cable


The IF cable cannot transmit radio services when it is replaced.

Prerequisite
l l l You must be aware of the impact of IF cable replacement. You must know the specific positions of the IF cable to be replaced and the IF board connected to the IF jump. In the case of the RG-8U IF cable or the 1/2-inch IF cable, an IF jumper is required to connect the IF cable to the IDU and both ends of the IF cable should be terminated with
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type-N connectors. In the case of the 5D IF cable, the IF cable is connected directly to the IDU and the cable end connecting to the IDU should be terminated with the TNC connector and the cable end connecting to the ODU should be terminated with the type-N connector.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


l l l l l l Ejector lever Electro-technical knife File Installation parts and accessories of the connector IF cable Waterproof adhesive tape

Procedure
Step 1 Use the Web LCT to query the current alarms of the board. Step 2 Turn off the ODU-PWR switch on the front panel of the IF board. Step 3 Disconnect the IF cable and the IF jump, and the IF cable and the ODU. Step 4 Use a multimeter to test the cable circuit so as to determine whether to make the IF cable with connectors again or replace the IF cable. If... Then...

If the IF cable with connectors need be made again Make new connectors for the IF cable. If the IF cable need be replaced Replace with a new IF cable.

Step 5 Connect the IF cable and the IF jump, and the IF cable and the ODU. Step 6 Waterproof the connectors at the two ends of the IF cable with the waterproof adhesive tape. Step 7 Turn on the ODU-PWR switch on the front panel of the IF board. Step 8 After the ODU starts to work, observe the ODU and LINK indicators on the front panel of the IF board. The two indicators should be on and green. Step 9 Query the current alarms of the IDU. There should be no new alarms. ----End

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7
About This Chapter

Supporting Task

This topic describes the common maintenance operations. 7.1 Hardware Loopback Hardware loopback refers to the loopback operation performed by changing the physical connection. 7.2 Cleaning Fiber Connectors and Adapters The optical connectors are easily contaminated in the maintenance process. The minute dust particles that can be seen only in the microscope can also affect the quality of optical signals. In this case, the system performance deteriorates. Hence, the fiber connectors or adapters that are terminated need to be cleaned in time. 7.3 Browsing Alarms, Abnormal Events, and Performance Events The Web LCT is used to browse alarms, abnormal events, and performance events at the NE layer. 7.4 Querying a Report You can obtain the version, manufacture, and radio link information of all the boards by querying the corresponding report. 7.5 Software loopback Software loopback refers to the loopback operation that is implemented by using the NMS. In the OptiX RTN 620, the SDH optical interface board, SDH electrical interface board, PDH interface board, IF board, Ethernet service processing board, and ODU support loopback. 7.6 Resetting Resetting is an important method for handling software faults. The OptiX RTN 620 supports cold resetting, warm resetting, and SCC resetting. 7.7 PRBS Test The pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) test is an important method for network maintenance and self-check. 7.8 Querying the License Capacity You can check whether the loaded license file meets the requirements by querying the license capacity.
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7.9 Setting the State of a Laser A laser on the port of the SDH optical interface board transmits optical signals only when the laser is turned on. You can turn a laser on or off by using the NMS. 7.10 Setting the ALS function The SDH optical interface board supports the automatic laser shutdown (ALS) function. It can turn off a laser when it does not carry services, the optical fiber is faulty, or the received optical signals are lost. 7.11 Setting the Automatic Release Function To protect the NM and NE communication from improper operations, an NE supports the automatic release of the ODU mute, loopback, and other operations that require you to exercise caution. The automatic release time is five minutes by default. You can set whether to enable the automatic release function and the automatic release time using the NMS. 7.12 Switching PXC Boards Manual PXC switching is an important maintenance operation. 7.13 Configuring Performance Monitoring Status of NEs By default, the performance monitoring of NEs is enabled. You can disable or enable this function manually and set the period of the performance monitoring of NEs manually. 7.14 Querying the Impedance of an E1 Channel The impedance of an E1 channel is 75 ohms or 120 ohms, which can be queried through the NMS but cannot be set through the NMS. 7.15 Using Ethernet Test Frames By using the Ethernet test frames on the OptiX RTN 620, you can check the connectivity of the VCTRUNK. 7.16 Querying the Working Status of an Ethernet Port Through the operation, you can learn about the enable/disable state, loopback status, and the actual working mode of an Ethernet port. 7.17 Setting the Threshold of Received Traffic Flow on an Ethernet Port The FLOW_OVER alarm is reported when the traffic flow received on an Ethernet port exceeds the specified threshold. 7.18 Performing Statistics for the Traffic Flow on an Ethernet Port You can perform this operation to perform statistics for the traffic flow on an Ethernet port within a specified period. 7.19 Performing Statistics for the Traffic Flow of Ethernet Services You can perform this operation to perform statistics for the traffic flow of Ethernet services within a specified period. 7.20 Monitoring Ethernet Packets Through Port Mirroring To monitor and analyze the Ethernet packets at a port, you can enable the port mirroring function so that the received or transmitted packets on the port are duplicated to another Ethernet port to which the Ethernet tester is connected. Then, you can monitor and analyze the packets.

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7.1 Hardware Loopback


Hardware loopback refers to the loopback operation performed by changing the physical connection. Hardware loopback is classified into optical cable loopback, SDH/PDH cable loopback, and Ethernet port loopback. l Optical cable loopback indicates that the receive and transmit optical fibers are connected through a fiber jumper on the ODF. In certain occasions, an optical attenuator is added based on the actual situation, to prevent the optical board from being damaged by the excessive receive optical power. SDH/PDH cable loopback indicates that the receive and transmit SDH/PDH cables are connected through a short-circuiting cable or connector on the DDF. Ethernet port loopback indicates that the receive and transmit service signals on one Ethernet port are looped back through a special loopback Ethernet cable.

l l

7.2 Cleaning Fiber Connectors and Adapters


The optical connectors are easily contaminated in the maintenance process. The minute dust particles that can be seen only in the microscope can also affect the quality of optical signals. In this case, the system performance deteriorates. Hence, the fiber connectors or adapters that are terminated need to be cleaned in time. 7.2.1 Cleaning Fiber Connectors Using Cartridge Cleaners When there are special cartridge cleaners (such as the CLETOP cassette cleaner), use them for cleaning the fiber connectors. 7.2.2 Cleaning Fiber Connectors Using Lens Tissue When there is no cartridge cleaners, use the lens tissue for cleaning fiber connectors. 7.2.3 Cleaning Fiber Adapters Using Optical Cleaning Sticks Clean fiber adapters with optical cleaning sticks. This part describes the method of cleaning fiber adapters on the optical interface board. The method of cleaning fiber adapters on the optical attenuators and flanges is the same.

7.2.1 Cleaning Fiber Connectors Using Cartridge Cleaners


When there are special cartridge cleaners (such as the CLETOP cassette cleaner), use them for cleaning the fiber connectors.

Prerequisite
l l Disconnect both ends of the fiber. Make sure that there is no laser light on the fiber connector. Inspect the fiber connector with a fiber microscope to make sure that the fiber connector is contaminated.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Cartridge cleaner
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Procedure
Step 1 Press down and hold the lever, and the shutter slides back and exposes a new cleaning area. Figure 7-1 CLETOP cassette cleaner

Step 2 Position the fiber tip slightly against the cleaning area and drag the fiber tip slightly in the downward direction. Figure 7-2 Dragging the fiber tip slightly on one cleaning area

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Step 3 Repeat the same in the other cleaning area in the same direction as Step 2. Figure 7-3 Dragging the fiber tip slightly on the other cleaning area

Step 4 Release the lever to close the cleaning area. ----End

7.2.2 Cleaning Fiber Connectors Using Lens Tissue


When there is no cartridge cleaners, use the lens tissue for cleaning fiber connectors.

Prerequisite
l l Disconnect both ends of the fiber to be inspected. Make sure there is no laser light present on the fiber connector. Inspect the fiber connector with a fiber microscope to make sure that the fiber connector is contaminated.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


l l l Clean solvent Non-woven lens tissue Special compressed gas

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NOTE

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l Using the isoamylol as the clean solvent is recommended, and the propyl can also be used. Do not use alcohol or formalin. l The fiber cleaning tissue or lint-free wipes can replace the non-woven lens tissue. l The special cleaning roll can replace the special compressed gas.

Procedure
Step 1 Place a small amount of cleaning solvent on the lens tissue. Step 2 Drag the fiber tip slightly on the lens tissue. Figure 7-4 Cleaning the fiber with the lens tissue

Step 3 Repeat step 2 several times on the areas of the lens tissue that have not been used. Step 4 Using compressed gas, blow off the fiber tip. When using compressed gas: l First spray it into the air as the initial spray of condensation can contain some sediment. l Keep the injector nozzle as close as possible to the connector surface without touching it. ----End

7.2.3 Cleaning Fiber Adapters Using Optical Cleaning Sticks


Clean fiber adapters with optical cleaning sticks. This part describes the method of cleaning fiber adapters on the optical interface board. The method of cleaning fiber adapters on the optical attenuators and flanges is the same.
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Prerequisite
l Before you clean the fiber adapter, ensure that you remove the optical fiber and shut down the laser. For details about how to shut down a laser, refer to 7.9 Setting the State of a Laser. Inspect the fiber adapter with a fiber microscope to ensure that the fiber adapter is contaminated.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


l l l Optical cleaning sticks Clean solvent Special compressed gas
NOTE

l For the SC and FC optical interface, use the cleaning stick with a diameter of 2.5 mm, for the LC optical interface, use the cleaning stick with a diameter of 1.25 mm. l The medical cotton or long fiber cotton can replace the optical cleaning stick. l Using the isoamylol as the clean solvent is preferred, and the propyl can also be used. Do not use alcohol or formalin. l The special cleaning roll can replace the special compressed gas.

Procedure
Step 1 Place a small amount of cleaning solvent on the optical cleaning stick. Step 2 Hold the stick straight out from the adapter and turn the stick clockwise four to five times. Ensure that there is direct contact between the stick tip and fiber tip so that the solvent can clean the adapter tip. Step 3 Using compressed gas, blow off the fiber tip. When using compressed gas: l First spray it into the air as the initial spray of condensation can contain some sediment. l Keep the injector nozzle as close as possible to the connector surface without touching it. ----End

7.3 Browsing Alarms, Abnormal Events, and Performance Events


The Web LCT is used to browse alarms, abnormal events, and performance events at the NE layer. 7.3.1 Checking the NE Status You can learn about the basic information such as whether the NE fails to communicate with the NMS and whether any alarms are reported by checking the NE status. 7.3.2 Checking the Board Status You can learn about the board status in a visual manner by checking the slot diagram. 7.3.3 Browsing the Current Alarms You can find the faults that occur on the equipment by browsing current alarms.
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7.3.4 Browsing History Alarms You can know the faults that occur on the equipment in a past period of time by browsing history alarms. 7.3.5 Browsing the Abnormal Events Periodically browsing abnormal events helps you to find abnormalities in the equipment in time. 7.3.6 Browsing Current Performance Events Periodically browsing the performance events helps you to check the long-term running status of the equipment. 7.3.7 Browsing the History Performance Periodically browsing the performance events helps you to check the long-term running status of the equipment. 7.3.8 Browsing the Performance Event Threshold-Crossing Records You can learn about the threshold-crossing information of the performance events of an NE by browsing the performance event threshold-crossing records.

7.3.1 Checking the NE Status


You can learn about the basic information such as whether the NE fails to communicate with the NMS and whether any alarms are reported by checking the NE status.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 In NE List, check Communication Status of the NE. In normal cases, Communication Status is Normal. Step 2 If Login Status of the NE is Not Logged In, log in to the NE. 1. 2. Select the NE, and choose NE Login. The NE Login dialog box is displayed. Specify User Name and Password. l The user name is lct by default. l The password of user lct is password by default.
NOTE

User lct has the authority at the system level.

3.

Click OK. The Login Status column switches to Logged In.

Step 3 Click NE Explorer. Step 4 Check NE STATE above Slot Layout.


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In normal cases, NE STATE is Running. ----End

7.3.2 Checking the Board Status


You can learn about the board status in a visual manner by checking the slot diagram.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Double-click an NE in the Main Topology. Then, the Slot Layout is displayed. The NE should be in Running Status. Step 2 Click the icon. Then, the legend description is displayed.

Step 3 Check the running status of the boards according to the legend description. If a board is running normally, the board icon should be green. ----End

7.3.3 Browsing the Current Alarms


You can find the faults that occur on the equipment by browsing current alarms.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Select an NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer, and click the icon in the toolbar.

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TIP

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You can also click an alarm indicator on the toolbar to display the alarms of the specific severity. From left to right, the alarm indicators and related alarm severities are as follows: l Red: critical alarm l Orange: major alarm l Yellow: minor alarm l Purple: warning l Light blue: abnormal event
NOTE

The number shown by each indicator indicates the number of current network-wide alarms, which are not cleared, of the specific severity.

The Browse Current Alarms tab is displayed by default. Step 2 Browse the displayed alarms. Step 3 Select the newly generated alarms, record the details of the alarms. Step 4 Notify the troubleshooting personnel to clear the alarms in time. ----End

Related Information
A current alarm refers to an alarm that is not cleared.

7.3.4 Browsing History Alarms


You can know the faults that occur on the equipment in a past period of time by browsing history alarms.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Select an NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer, and click the Step 2 Click the Browse History Alarm tab. Step 3 Click Filter. The Filter dialog box is displayed. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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icon in the toolbar.

In Severity, select the alarm severity to be queried. In Alarm Type, select the alarm type. In Rising Time, specify the alarm generation time. In Cleared Time, specify the alarm clearance time.
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The start time should be the time when the last history alarm browsing operation was performed, and the end time should be the current time. Step 4 Click Filter. Step 5 Browse the displayed history alarms. Step 6 Optional: Click Save As. Then, the history alarms are saved and archived as a file. ----End

Related Information
A history alarm is an alarm that has been cleared. An NE stores a maximum of 1,000 history alarms.

7.3.5 Browsing the Abnormal Events


Periodically browsing abnormal events helps you to find abnormalities in the equipment in time.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Select an NE from the NE Explorer, and choose Alarm > Browse Abnormal Events from the Function Tree.
TIP

Alternatively, you can select an NE and then click the Events tab page.

icon to switch to the Browse Abnormal

Step 2 Click Filter. The Filter dialog box is displayed. 1. 2. Set Level and Type. In Abnormal Event, select Select All.

Step 3 Click OK. Step 4 Browse the abnormal events. Step 5 Optional: Click Save As. Then, the abnormal events are saved and archived as a file. ----End

Related Information
An abnormal event is an abnormality that arises in the system at a particular time and not an abnormality that persists for a long time. Being different from alarms, an abnormal event has only occurrence time, with clearance time not provided.
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7.3.6 Browsing Current Performance Events


Periodically browsing the performance events helps you to check the long-term running status of the equipment.

Prerequisite
l l The performance monitoring function must be enabled. The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the required board from the Object Tree, and then choose Performance > Current Performance from the Function Tree. Step 2 Select All in Monitored Object Filter Condition. Step 3 Select 15-Minute in the Monitor Period field. Step 4 Click Count, select all the performance events, and select Consecutive Severely Errored Second in Display Options. Step 5 Click Query. Step 6 Browse the current performance events. In normal cases, no bit error performance events is displayed, and the number of pointer justification events is less than six per day on each port. Step 7 Click Gauge, select all the performance events, and select Current Value and Maximum/ Minimum Value in Display Options. Step 8 Click Query. Step 9 Browse the current performance events. Compared with the history records, the gauge indicators, such as board temperature, do not change drastically. Step 10 Set Monitor Period to 24-Hour. Step 11 Repeat steps Step 4 to Step 9 query the performance events in a period of 24 hours. ----End

Related Information
The counter of current performance events measures all the performance events that arise between the start time of the monitoring period and the current time.

7.3.7 Browsing the History Performance


Periodically browsing the performance events helps you to check the long-term running status of the equipment.
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Prerequisite
l l The performance monitoring function must be enabled. The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Select a specific board from the NE Explorer, and choose Performance > History Performance from the Function Tree. Step 2 Select All in Monitored Object Filter Condition. Step 3 Select 15-Minute after Monitor Period. Step 4 Specify the start time and end time of a specific time span. The time span starts from the time when the last history performance event browsing operation was performed to the current time. Step 5 Select all the available performance events in Count, and select Zero Data in Display Options. Step 6 Click Query to browse the history performance events. Step 7 Click Save As. The system displays the text file that lists the history performance events.
NOTE

You can also save the text file as required.

Step 8 Select all the available performance events in Gauge, and select Current Value and Maximum/ Minimum Value in Display Options. Step 9 Click Query to browse the history performance events. Step 10 Click Save As to save the performance events. The system displays the text file that lists the history performance events.
NOTE

You can also save the text file as required.

Step 11 Select 24-Hour after Monitor Period. Step 12 Repeat Step 4 to Step 10 to query the history performance events in a period of 24 hours. ----End

Related Information
The history performance event refers to a performance event whose statistics period ends in the past. Only the performance events on the NE side can be queried using the Web LCT. Currently, the NE can store thirty 24-hour and six hundreds and seventy-two 15-minute history performance events related to the receive level and bit errors on the radio link; the NE can store a maximum of six 24-hour and sixteen 15-minute other history performance events.
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7.3.8 Browsing the Performance Event Threshold-Crossing Records


You can learn about the threshold-crossing information of the performance events of an NE by browsing the performance event threshold-crossing records.

Prerequisite
l l The performance monitoring function must be enabled. The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the required board, and then choose Performance > Performance Threshold-Crossing from the Function Tree. The Performance Threshold-Crossing dialog box is displayed. Step 2 Select All in Monitored Object Filter Condition. Step 3 Select 15-Minute next to Monitor Period. Step 4 Specify the start time and the end time of a specific time span. The time span starts from the time when the last history performance event browsing operation was performed to the current time. Step 5 In Performance Event Type, select Select All. Step 6 Optional: Specify Display Options. Step 7 Click Query. Browsing the threshold-crossing performance events. Step 8 Optional: Click Save As. A text file that lists the history performance events is displayed in the IE system.
NOTE

You can save and archive the text file as required.

Step 9 Select 24-Hour next to Monitor Period. Step 10 Repeat steps Step 4 to Step 8 to query the performance events in a period of 24 hours. ----End

7.4 Querying a Report


You can obtain the version, manufacture, and radio link information of all the boards by querying the corresponding report. 7.4.1 Querying a Board Information Report Through the Web LCT You can know the PCB version, logic version, and software version of each board by querying a board information report.
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7.4.2 Querying a Board Manufacture Information Report You can know the manufacture information of each board and the SFP module by querying a board manufacture information report. 7.4.3 Querying the Status of a Radio Link The Web LCT supports the end-to-end management of a microwave link. You can query the information about the two ends of a radio link in an interface.

7.4.1 Querying a Board Information Report Through the Web LCT


You can know the PCB version, logic version, and software version of each board by querying a board information report.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of NE monitor or higher.

Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Select an NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Step 2 Choose Report > Board Information Report from the Function Tree. Step 3 All the board version information of the NE is displayed in the Board Information Report tab page. Step 4 Optional: Click Save As. The text file that describes the board information is displayed on the Internet Explorer.
NOTE

You can save the text file as required.

----End

Related Information
Focus on the PCB version, logic version, and software version of each board when you query the board information.

7.4.2 Querying a Board Manufacture Information Report


You can know the manufacture information of each board and the SFP module by querying a board manufacture information report.

Prerequisite
l l
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Tools, Instruments, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Select an NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Step 2 Choose Report > Board Detail Information Report from the Function Tree. Step 3 All the board manufacture information of the NE is displayed in the Board Detail Information Report tab page. Step 4 Optional: Click Save As. The text file that describes the detailed board information is displayed on the Internet Explorer.
NOTE

You can save the text file as required.

----End

7.4.3 Querying the Status of a Radio Link


The Web LCT supports the end-to-end management of a microwave link. You can query the information about the two ends of a radio link in an interface.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Procedure
Step 1 Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer, and then choose Configuration > Link Configuration from the Function Tree. Step 2 Click the IF/ODU Configuration tab page, right-click the corresponding IF board, and then choose HOP Management from the shortcut menu. Step 3 In the HOP Management Function Tree, choose Configuration > Link Configuration, and then click the IF/ODU Configuration tab. Step 4 Select the corresponding IF board in the IF/ODU Configuration tab page, and then click Query. The configuration information of the links at two ends is displayed. Step 5 Check whether the configuration information of the link at one end is consistent with the configuration information of the link at the other end and whether the configuration information of the links at the two ends is correct. ----End

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7.5 Software loopback


Software loopback refers to the loopback operation that is implemented by using the NMS. In the OptiX RTN 620, the SDH optical interface board, SDH electrical interface board, PDH interface board, IF board, Ethernet service processing board, and ODU support loopback. 7.5.1 Setting Loopback for the SDH Optical Interface Board The optical interface board (SL1/SD1/SL4) supports the optical interface inloop and the VC-4 path outloop. The SL4 board also supports the VC-4 path inloop. 7.5.2 Setting Loopback for the SDH Electrical Interface Board The electrical interface board supports the electrical interface inloop/outloop and the VC-4 path outloop. 7.5.3 Setting Loopback for the Tributary Board The tributary board supports the tributary inloop/outloop. 7.5.4 Setting Loopback for the IF Board The loopbacks on the IF board are classified into IF port loopback, port loopback, and VC-4 path loopback. The IF1A/IF1B board supports the IF port inloop/outloop and VC-4 path inloop. The IF0A/IF0B board supports the IF port inloop/outloop and port inloop/outloop. The IFX board supports port inloop/outloop and VC-4 path inloop. The IFH2 board supports the IF port outloop and the port inloop/outloop. 7.5.5 Setting Loopback for the Ethernet Service Processing Board The Ethernet service processing board supports the Ethernet port inloop (at the MAC layer and PHY layer) and VC-3 path inloop and outloop. 7.5.6 Locating the Fault by Performing Loopbacks Loopback is a common method to locate the fault.

7.5.1 Setting Loopback for the SDH Optical Interface Board


The optical interface board (SL1/SD1/SL4) supports the optical interface inloop and the VC-4 path outloop. The SL4 board also supports the VC-4 path inloop.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Context
The optical interface inloop is a process where the signals at an SDH port are looped back at the overhead processing unit towards the backplane. Figure 7-5 Inloop
SDH optical interface board SDH

Backplane

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The optical interface outloop is a process where the signals at an SDH port are looped back at the overhead processing unit towards the remote equipment. Figure 7-6 Outloop
Backplane SDH optical interface board SDH

The VC-4 path outloop is a process where the signals on a VC-4 path are looped back at the logic processing unit towards the remote equipment. Figure 7-7 VC-4 path outloop
Backplane SDH optical interface board VC-4

The VC-4 path inloop is a process where the signals on a VC-4 path are looped back at the logic processing unit towards the backplane. Figure 7-8 VC-4 path inloop
Backplane SDH optical board VC-4

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Precautions

CAUTION
l The services may be interrupted at the port or on the path where the loopback is performed. l A software loopback may be cleared automatically after some time (by default, it is cleared within five minutes). For details, see 7.11 Setting the Automatic Release Function.

Procedure
Step 1 Select the SDH optical interface board from the Object Tree. Step 2 Choose Configuration > SDH Interface from the Function Tree. Step 3 Choose By Function, and select the loopback mode from the drop-down list. To Perform Optical interface loopback VC-4 path loopback Select Optical (Electrical) Interface Loopback VC-4 Loopback

Step 4 Set the loopback status of the port or path according to the requirements. Step 5 Click Apply. The system displays a prompt dialog box for confirmation. Step 6 Click OK. ----End

7.5.2 Setting Loopback for the SDH Electrical Interface Board


The electrical interface board supports the electrical interface inloop/outloop and the VC-4 path outloop.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Context
The electrical interface inloop is a process where the signals at an SDH port are looped back at the coding/decoding unit towards the backplane.

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Figure 7-9 Inloop


SDH electrical interface board SDH

Backplane

The electrical interface outloop is a process where the signals at an SDH port are looped back at the coding/decoding unit towards the remote equipment. Figure 7-10 Outloop
Backplane SDH electrical interface board SDH

The VC-4 path outloop is a process where the signals on a VC-4 path are looped back at the logical processing unit towards the remote equipment. Figure 7-11 VC-4 path outloop
Backplane SDH electrical interface board VC-4

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Precautions

CAUTION
l The services may be interrupted at the port or on the path where the loopback is performed. l A software loopback may be cleared automatically after some time (by default, it is cleared within five minutes). For details, see 7.11 Setting the Automatic Release Function.

Procedure
Step 1 Select the SDH electrical interface board from the Object Tree. Step 2 Choose Configuration > SDH Interface from the Function Tree. Step 3 Choose By Function, and select the loopback mode from the drop-down list. To Perform Optical interface loopback VC-4 path loopback Select Optical (Electrical) Interface Loopback VC-4 Loopback

Step 4 Set the loopback status of the port or path according to the requirements. Step 5 Click Apply. The system displays a prompt dialog box for confirmation. Step 6 Click OK. ----End

7.5.3 Setting Loopback for the Tributary Board


The tributary board supports the tributary inloop/outloop.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Context
The tributary inloop is a process where the signals at a PDH port are looped back at the coding/ decoding unit towards the backplane. Figure 7-12 Inloop

Backplane

PDH interface board PDH

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The tributary inloop is a process where the signals on a tributary path are looped back at the PDH interface board of the local IDU towards the remote equipment. Figure 7-13 Outloop

Backplane PDH interface board PDH

Precautions

CAUTION
l The services may be interrupted at the port or on the path where the loopback is performed. l A software loopback may be cleared automatically after some time (by default, it is cleared within five minutes). For details, see 7.11 Setting the Automatic Release Function.

Procedure
Step 1 Select the PDH interface board from the Object Tree. Step 2 Choose Configuration > PDH Interface from the Function Tree. Step 3 Choose By Function, and select Tributary Loopback from the drop-down list. Step 4 Set the loopback status of the port or path according to the requirements. Step 5 Click Apply. The system displays a prompt dialog box for confirmation. Step 6 Click OK. ----End

7.5.4 Setting Loopback for the IF Board


The loopbacks on the IF board are classified into IF port loopback, port loopback, and VC-4 path loopback. The IF1A/IF1B board supports the IF port inloop/outloop and VC-4 path inloop. The IF0A/IF0B board supports the IF port inloop/outloop and port inloop/outloop. The IFX board supports port inloop/outloop and VC-4 path inloop. The IFH2 board supports the IF port outloop and the port inloop/outloop.
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Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Context
The IF port inloop is a process where the IF signals are looped back at the modem unit towards the backplane. Figure 7-14 Inloop

Backplane IF signal

IF board

The IF port outloop of the IDU 620 is a process where the IF signals are looped back at the modem unit of the board towards the remote equipment. Figure 7-15 Outloop

Backplane

IF board IF signal

The port inloop is a process where the microwave frame baseband signals are looped back at the MUX/DEMUX unit of the board towards the backplane. Figure 7-16 Inloop
Backplane IF board

Microwave baseband signal

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The port outloop is a process where the microwave frame baseband signals are looped back at the MUX/DEMUX unit of the board towards the remote equipment. Figure 7-17 Outloop
Backplane IF board Microwave baseband signal

The VC-4 path inloop is a process where the signals on a VC-4 path are looped back at the logical processing unit of the board towards the backplane. Figure 7-18 VC-4 path inloop

Backplane

IF board

VC-4 signal

Precautions

CAUTION
l The services may be interrupted at the port or on the path where the loopback is performed. l A software loopback may be cleared automatically after some time (by default, it is cleared within five minutes). For details, see 7.11 Setting the Automatic Release Function. l To perform the software loopback on the protection IF board of 1+1 HSB/FD/SD, switch the protection IF board to the working state manually. Otherwise, the operation may fail. l Before performing the loopback operation for the IFH2, disable the AM function at the two ends of a link.

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Procedure
Step 1 Select the IF board from the Object Tree. Step 2 Select the corresponding menu from the Function Tree according to the loopback mode. To Perform IF port loopback Port loopback VC-4 path loopback Choose Configuration > IF Interface. Configuration > Digital Interface Configuration > Digital Interface

Step 3 Choose By Function, and select the loopback mode from the drop-down list. To Perform IF port loopback Port loopback VC-4 path loopback Choose IF Port Loopback Optical (Electrical) Interface Loopback VC-4 Loopback

Step 4 Set the loopback status of the port or path according to the requirements. Step 5 Click Apply. The system displays a prompt dialog box for confirmation. Step 6 Click OK. ----End

7.5.5 Setting Loopback for the Ethernet Service Processing Board


The Ethernet service processing board supports the Ethernet port inloop (at the MAC layer and PHY layer) and VC-3 path inloop and outloop.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Context
The Ethernet port MAC inloop is a process where the Ethernet physical signals are looped back at the service processing module of the board at the MAC layer toward the backplane. The Ethernet port PHY inloop is a process where the Ethernet frame signals are looped back at the interface module of the board at the MAC layer toward the backplane. Figure 7-19 Inloop
Backplane Ethernet service processing board

MAC

PHY

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The VC-3 path inloop is a process where the signals on a VC-3 path are looped back at the logical processing unit of the board towards the backplane. Figure 7-20 VC-3 path inloop
Backplane VC-3 signal Ethernet service processing board

The VC-3 path outloop is a process where the signals on a VC-3 path are looped back at the logical processing unit towards the remote equipment. Figure 7-21 VC-3 path outloop
Backplane Ethernet service processing board VC-3 signal

Precautions

CAUTION
l The services may be interrupted at the port or on the path where the loopback is performed. l A software loopback may be cleared automatically after some time (by default, it is cleared within five minutes). For details, see 7.11 Setting the Automatic Release Function.

Procedure
Step 1 Select the Ethernet processing board from the Object Tree. Step 2 Select the corresponding menu from the Function Tree according to the loopback mode.

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To perform PHY loopback MAC loopback

Choose Configuration > Ethernet Interface Management > Ethernet Interface > External Port > Basic Attributes Configuration > Ethernet Interface Management > Ethernet Interface > External Port > Basic Attributes

VC-3 path loopback Configuration > SDH Interface Step 3 Select the loopback mode. To perform PHY loopback MAC loopback VC-3 path loopback Select PHY Loopback MAC Loopback VC-3 loopback

Step 4 Set the loopback status of the port or path according to the requirements. Step 5 Click Apply. The system displays a prompt dialog box for confirmation. Step 6 Click OK. ----End

7.5.6 Locating the Fault by Performing Loopbacks


Loopback is a common method to locate the fault.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Service Trail
Figure 7-22 shows how to locate a fault by performing the loopback.

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Figure 7-22 Service Trail


PDH Tributary PXC Board IF Board ODU ODU IF Board PXC SDH Interface Board

NE1

NE2

PDH Tributary PXC Board

IF Board

ODU

ODU

IF Board

PXC

SDH Interface Board

NE4

NE3

Fiber

Procedure
Step 1 If the services are available on the radio links, first perform the inter-station loopback to locate the fault on a certain hop when using the loopback method. 1. Set the outloops for the SDH optical interface boards on NE2 and NE3, and then perform the inter-station loopback to locate the fault.

Step 2 After the fault is located to a certain radio link, perform the intra-station loopback to locate the fault to a certain NE or board. 1. 2. 3. Set inloop for the IF board on the NEs at two ends of the radio link where the fault occurs, and then locate the fault to the service receiver or the radio link. If the fault is located in the service receiver, set outloop for the PDH tributary board to locate the fault to the interface board or the cross-connect board. If the radio link is faulty, replace the board to locate the fault to the IF board or the ODU.

----End

7.6 Resetting
Resetting is an important method for handling software faults. The OptiX RTN 620 supports cold resetting, warm resetting, and SCC resetting. 7.6.1 Cold Resetting Cold resetting is a process where the board software is reset and the board is re-initiated. Except that the board software of the EMS6 is independently located, the software modules of all other boards are located in the SCC. During the board initialization, the FPGA, if any, is re-loaded. 7.6.2 Warm Resetting
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Warm resetting is a process where the board software is reset but the board is not re-initiated. Except that the EMS6 and the EFP6 have their independent board software, the software modules of all other boards are located in the SCC. 7.6.3 SCC Resetting SCC resetting is a process in which all the software modules on the SCC are reset, the SCC is re-initiated.

7.6.1 Cold Resetting


Cold resetting is a process where the board software is reset and the board is re-initiated. Except that the board software of the EMS6 is independently located, the software modules of all other boards are located in the SCC. During the board initialization, the FPGA, if any, is re-loaded.

Prerequisite
l l The Web LCT is in normal communication with the NE. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Precautions

CAUTION
Cold resetting causes service interruption because it is similar to the procedure of removing and inserting a board.

Procedure
Step 1 In Slot Layout of the Web LCT, right-click the board to be cold reset. Step 2 Choose Cold Reset in the popup menu. The system displays the Operation success dialog box. Step 3 Click Close. ----End

7.6.2 Warm Resetting


Warm resetting is a process where the board software is reset but the board is not re-initiated. Except that the EMS6 and the EFP6 have their independent board software, the software modules of all other boards are located in the SCC.

Prerequisite
l l The Web LCT is in normal communication with the NE. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Precautions
During the warm resetting, the running services are not affected.
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Procedure
Step 1 In the Slot Layout of the Web LCT, right-click the board to be reset. Step 2 Choose Warm Resetting in the popup menu. The system displays the Operation Succeed dialog box. Step 3 Click Close. ----End

7.6.3 SCC Resetting


SCC resetting is a process in which all the software modules on the SCC are reset, the SCC is re-initiated.

Prerequisite
l l The Web LCT is in normal communication with the NE. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Precautions
During the resetting, protection switching and NMS operations are unavailable although the running services are not affected.

Procedure
Step 1 In the Slot Layout of the Web LCT, right-click the SCC to be reset. Step 2 Choose SCC Reset from the shortcut menu. A prompt dialog box is displayed. Step 3 Click OK. The system displays the Operation Succeed dialog box. Step 4 Click Close. ----End

7.7 PRBS Test


The pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) test is an important method for network maintenance and self-check. 7.7.1 PRBS Test of the Tributary Board In the absence of a special test tool, you can perform the PRBS test by using the embedded test system on the PDH interface board. 7.7.2 PRBS Test of the IF Board In the absence of a special test tool, you can perform the PRBS test by using the embedded test system on the IFH2 IF board.
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7.7.1 PRBS Test of the Tributary Board


In the absence of a special test tool, you can perform the PRBS test by using the embedded test system on the PDH interface board.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Context
The OptiX RTN 620 supports the PRBS test in the tributary direction and the cross-connect direction. The PRBS test in the tributary direction can be used to check the connection between the tributary board and the DDF, as shown in Figure 7-23. Figure 7-23 PRBS test in the tributary direction
DDF frame PDH interface board PRBS Transmitter 1 PRBS Recevicer 1 Inloop at the DDF frame

The PRBS test in the cross-connect direction can be used to check the connection between the tributary board and the remote NE, as shown in Figure 7-24. Figure 7-24 PRBS test in the cross-connect direction
a) IF board working as line board PDH interface board PRBS Transmitter 1 PRBS Receiver 2 IN 3 Cross-connect board IF board OUT IF board

Local NE 1 VC4 inloop or port inloop 2 IF port inloop 3 IF port outloop

Remote NE

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b) SDH optical/electrical board working as line board PDH interface board PRBS Transmitter 1 PRBS Receiver 2 IN 3 Cross-connect board SDH optical/ electrical board SDH optical/ electrical board OUT

Local NE 1 VC4 inloop 2 Port inloop 3 Port outloop

Remote NE

Precautions

CAUTION
l During the PRBS test, the services in the tested path are interrupted. l The PRBS test can be performed only in one path and in one direction.

Procedure
Step 1 Set the loopback at the proper location. For details, see Figure 7-23 and Figure 7-24. Step 2 Select an E1 interface board from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Step 3 Choose Configuration > PRBS Test from the Function Tree. The PRBS Test tab page is displayed. Step 4 Select the port to be tested. Step 5 Specify Direction, Duration, and Measured in Time.
NOTE

l The PRBS test supports three time units: one second, 10 minutes, and one hour. l A maximum of 255 test cycles is permissible for the PRBS test.

Step 6 Optional: Select Accumulating Mode. Step 7 Click Start the test. The The operation may interrupt the service. Are you sure to continue? dialog box is displayed. Step 8 Click OK. Step 9 When Progress in the PRBS Test tab page is displayed as 100%, click Query to check the test result.
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NOTE

7 Supporting Task

The result of the PRBS test can be normal, error, or invalid. l Normal: It indicates that the path is working properly. The number of PRBSs should be zero, and the curve should be in green. l Error: It indicates that the path has errors. The number of PRBSs should be greater than zero, and the curve should be in red. l Invalid: It indicates that no bit is received. The curve should be in yellow.

----End

7.7.2 PRBS Test of the IF Board


In the absence of a special test tool, you can perform the PRBS test by using the embedded test system on the IFH2 IF board.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Precautions

CAUTION
l During the PRBS test, the services in the tested path are interrupted. l The PRBS test can be performed only in one path and in one direction. l To perform the PRBS test for the protection IF board of the 1+1 HSB/FD/SD, you must switch the protection IF board to the working state manually.

Procedure
Step 1 See 7.5.4 Setting Loopback for the IF Board to perform the inloop on the ODU. Step 2 Select an IF board from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Step 3 Choose Configuration > PRBS Test from the Function Tree. The PRBS Test tab page is displayed. Step 4 Select the port to be tested. Step 5 Specify Direction, Duration, and Measured in Time.
NOTE

l The PRBS test supports three time units: one second, 10 minutes, and one hour. l A maximum of 255 test cycles is permissible for the PRBS test.

Step 6 Optional: Select Accumulating Mode. Step 7 Click Start the test.
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The The operation may interrupt the service. Are you sure to continue? dialog box is displayed. Step 8 Click OK. Step 9 When Progress in the PRBS Test tab page is displayed as 100%, click Query to check the test result.
NOTE

The result of the PRBS test can be normal, error, or invalid. l Normal: It indicates that the path is working properly. The number of PRBSs should be zero, and the curve should be in green. l Error: It indicates that the path has errors. The number of PRBSs should be greater than zero, and the curve should be in red. l Invalid: It indicates that no bit is received. The curve should be in yellow.

----End

7.8 Querying the License Capacity


You can check whether the loaded license file meets the requirements by querying the license capacity.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Select an NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Step 2 Choose Configuration > License Management from the Function Tree. Step 3 Click Query in the License Management tab page. Step 4 Browse the license information that is displayed. ----End

7.9 Setting the State of a Laser


A laser on the port of the SDH optical interface board transmits optical signals only when the laser is turned on. You can turn a laser on or off by using the NMS.

Prerequisite
l l
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Procedure
Step 1 Select an SDH optical interface board from the NE Explorer. Step 2 Choose Configuration > SDH Interface from the Function Tree, and then click the SDH Interface tab. Step 3 Select By Function. Step 4 Select Laser Switch from the drop-down list. Step 5 Select a port, and then specify Laser Switch. Step 6 Click Apply. ----End

7.10 Setting the ALS function


The SDH optical interface board supports the automatic laser shutdown (ALS) function. It can turn off a laser when it does not carry services, the optical fiber is faulty, or the received optical signals are lost.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Procedure
Step 1 Select an SDH optical interface board from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Step 2 Choose Configuration > Automatic Laser Shutdown from the Function Tree, and then click the Laser Auto Shutdown tab. Step 3 Select Enable for Auto Shutdown. Step 4 Click Apply to save the settings. ----End

7.11 Setting the Automatic Release Function


To protect the NM and NE communication from improper operations, an NE supports the automatic release of the ODU mute, loopback, and other operations that require you to exercise caution. The automatic release time is five minutes by default. You can set whether to enable the automatic release function and the automatic release time using the NMS.

Prerequisite
l l
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Procedure
Step 1 Select an NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Step 2 Choose Configuration > Automatic Disabling of NE Function from the Function Tree. Step 3 Specify Auto Disabling and Auto Disabling Time (min). Step 4 Click Apply to complete the settings for the automatic release function. ----End

7.12 Switching PXC Boards


Manual PXC switching is an important maintenance operation.

Prerequisite
l l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. Two PXC boards must be configured. The user must have the system level authority.

Procedure
Step 1 Select an NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer, and then choose Configuration > Board 1+1 Protection from the Function Tree. Step 2 Select the ID of the protection group where the PXC board resides in the Board 1+1 Protection tab page. Step 3 Click Working/Protection Switching. Step 4 Click OK to perform switching. Step 5 Click Query. The switching status is displayed. ----End

7.13 Configuring Performance Monitoring Status of NEs


By default, the performance monitoring of NEs is enabled. You can disable or enable this function manually and set the period of the performance monitoring of NEs manually.

Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of Operation Level or higher.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Web LCT
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Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the NE and then choose Performance > NE Performance Monitor Time from the Function Tree. Step 2 Set the parameters of NE performance monitoring. 1. 2. 3. Select 15-Minute or 24-Hour. Select Enable or Disable in Set 15-Minute Monitoring or Set 24-Hour Monitoring. Set the start time and end time of the performance monitoring of NEs.
NOTE

l Set 15-Minute Monitoring and Set 24-Hour Monitoring are generally set to Enable. l You can specify the start time of the performance monitoring function, only after selecting Enable in the Set 15-Minute Monitoring or Set 24-Hour Monitoring area. l You can specify the end time of the performance monitoring function, only after selecting Enable and then selecting To in the Set 15-Minute Monitoring or Set 24-Hour Monitoring area.

Step 3 Click Apply. ----End

7.14 Querying the Impedance of an E1 Channel


The impedance of an E1 channel is 75 ohms or 120 ohms, which can be queried through the NMS but cannot be set through the NMS.

Prerequisite
l
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The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Web LCT

Procedure
Step 1 Select A PDH tributary board from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Step 2 Choose Configuration > PDH Interface from the Function Tree. Step 3 Select By Board/Port(Channel). Step 4 Select Port in the list. Step 5 Select a port, and check Port Impedance. ----End

7.15 Using Ethernet Test Frames


By using the Ethernet test frames on the OptiX RTN 620, you can check the connectivity of the VCTRUNK.

Prerequisite
l l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher. The service traffic must be encapsulated or mapped through the GFP method.

Context
For test purposes, the Ethernet board transmits, at an interval of about one second, one specific GFP management frame or Ethernet frame to the opposite Ethernet board, which then returns with a response frame. After receiving the response frame, the local Ethernet board can determine the connectivity of the VCTRUNK in between. Figure 7-25 Ethernet test frames between Ethernet boards
Test frame Local Ehernet board Remote Ehernet board

Response frame

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Precautions

CAUTION
Do not use the test frames when the network traffic is heavy.

Procedure
Step 1 Select an Ethernet board from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Step 2 Choose Configuration > Ethernet Maintenance > Ethernet Test from the Function Tree. The Ethernet Test tab page is displayed. Step 3 Select the port to be tested, click Clear Counters, and then select Clear All Counters from the drop-down list. Step 4 Specify Send Mode and Frames to Send.
NOTE

It is recommended that you choose "Burst mode". A maximum of 10 frames can be transmitted each time.

Step 5 Click Apply. The test frames start to be received and transmitted. Step 6 When Status changes to Finished Sending, click Query. Step 7 View Counter of Frames Sent and Counter of Received Response of Test Frame. Test frames are used to check the network connectivity. If certain test frames are lost but no alarm is reported on the SDH side, you can infer that the network connectivity is in a good condition. If no test frame is received, you can infer that network is faulty. ----End

Related Information
If you choose the "Continue" mode, the local port transmits test frames continuously after you start the test until the mode changes to "Disable".

7.16 Querying the Working Status of an Ethernet Port


Through the operation, you can learn about the enable/disable state, loopback status, and the actual working mode of an Ethernet port.

Prerequisite
l l The communication between the Web LCT and the NE must be normal. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Web LCT
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Procedure
Step 1 Select an Ethernet board or IFH2 board from the Object Tree. Step 2 Choose Configuration > Ethernet Interface Management > Ethernet Interface from the Function Tree. Step 3 Select External Port. Step 4 By default, click the Basic Attributes tab page. Step 5 Check Enabled/Disabled, Working Mode, and Port Physical Parameters of the associated port. ----End

7.17 Setting the Threshold of Received Traffic Flow on an Ethernet Port


The FLOW_OVER alarm is reported when the traffic flow received on an Ethernet port exceeds the specified threshold.

Prerequisite
l l The Web LCT is in normal communication with the NE. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Web LCT

Context
This operation can be performed on the PORT port of the EMS6 board.

Procedure
Step 1 Select the required Ethernet board from the Object Tree. Step 2 Choose Configuration > Ethernet Interface Management > Ethernet Interface from the Function Tree. Step 3 Select External Port. Step 4 Select the Advanced Attributes tab. Step 5 Set Zero-Flow Monitor to Enable. Step 6 Set Flow Threshold(Mbps). Step 7 Optional: Set Zero-Flow Monitor Interval(min). l If this parameter takes the default value of 0, the FLOW_OVER alarm is reported whenever the traffic flow received on the port exceeds Flow Threshold(Mbps).
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l If the value of this parameter is not 0, the FLOW_OVER alarm is reported only when the traffic flow received on the port within a period of Zero-Flow Monitor Interval(min) always exceeds Flow Threshold(Mbps). Step 8 Click Apply. ----End

7.18 Performing Statistics for the Traffic Flow on an Ethernet Port


You can perform this operation to perform statistics for the traffic flow on an Ethernet port within a specified period.

Prerequisite
l l l The Web LCT is in normal communication with the NE. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher. The flow monitoring function must be enabled on the associated Ethernet port. To enable the flow monitoring function on a port, do as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. Select the required Ethernet board from the Object Tree. Choose Performance > Ethernet Port Traffic Monitor from the Function Tree. Select the Set Monitoring tab. Set Monitor Status to Enabled for the Ethernet port.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Web LCT

Context
l After the flow monitoring function is enabled, the system saves the statistics about the received traffic and transmitted traffic with an interval of 15 minutes. In normal cases, the system stores the statistics that are collected in the last 30 days. In the system, every measurement entry shows the average transmit rate and average receive rate within a period of 15 minutes. You can query the statistics in the last 30 days. This operation can be performed on the PORT port and VCTRUNK port of the EMS6 board.

Procedure
Step 1 Select the required Ethernet board from the Object Tree. Step 2 Choose Performance > Ethernet Port Traffic Monitor from the Function Tree. Step 3 Select the Query traffic tab. Step 4 Set the object to be queried, the required time, and display mode, and then click Query. The system displays the query result in a table or in a graph. ----End
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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide

7.19 Performing Statistics for the Traffic Flow of Ethernet Services


You can perform this operation to perform statistics for the traffic flow of Ethernet services within a specified period.

Prerequisite
l l l The Web LCT is in normal communication with the NE. The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher. The flow monitoring function must be enabled. To enable the flow monitoring function, do as follows: 1. 2. 3. Select the required Ethernet board from the Object Tree. Choose Configuration > QoS Management > Flow Management from the Function Tree. Set Monitor Status to Enabled for the traffic flow.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Web LCT

Context
l After the flow monitoring function is enabled, the system saves the statistics about the received traffic and transmitted traffic with an interval of 15 minutes. In normal cases, the system stores the statistics that are collected in the last 30 days. In the system, every measurement entry shows the average transmit rate and average receive rate within a period of 15 minutes. You can query the statistics in the last 30 days. This operation can be performed on the EMS6 board.

Procedure
Step 1 Select the required Ethernet board from the Object Tree. Step 2 Choose Performance > Flow Traffic Monitor from the Function Tree. Step 3 Set the object to be queried, the required time, and display mode, and then click Query. The system displays the query result in a table or in a graph. ----End

7.20 Monitoring Ethernet Packets Through Port Mirroring


To monitor and analyze the Ethernet packets at a port, you can enable the port mirroring function so that the received or transmitted packets on the port are duplicated to another Ethernet port to which the Ethernet tester is connected. Then, you can monitor and analyze the packets.
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Prerequisite
The NE user must have the authority of Maintenance Level or higher.

Tools, Equipment, and Materials


Web LCT

Context
A mirror listened port carries the Ethernet data that needs to be monitored and analyzed. A mirror listener port is not configured with any services. The Ethernet data received or transmitted by the mirror listened port is duplicated and then sent to the mirror listener port that is connected to an Ethernet analyzer. Figure 7-26 Schematic diagram of Ethernet port mirroring

Ethernet processing unit Mirror listened port Ethernet equipment Mirror listener port Ethernet analyzer

Duplication

Port mirroring is available in uplink port mirroring and downlink port mirroring. That is, the port mirroring function can monitor Ethernet data in the uplink and downlink directions. As shown in Figure 7-27, the uplink mirroring direction refers to the direction from an external Ethernet port to the SDH/PDH side. After uplink mirroring is configured for PORT1, the Ethernet data in the uplink direction of the mirror listened port PORT1 is duplicated and sent to the mirror listener port PORT2. In the manner, you can monitor the Ethernet data in the uplink direction of PORT1 by means of PORT2. Figure 7-27 Uplink mirroring direction
PORT1 DA SA CVLAN Payload Ethernet processing unit DA SA CVLAN Payload PORT2 VCTRUNK1 DA SA CVLAN SVLAN Payload

As shown in Figure 7-28, the downlink mirroring direction refers to the direction from the SDH/ PDH side to an external Ethernet port. After downlink mirroring is configured for PORT1, the Ethernet data in the downlink direction of the mirror listened port PORT1 is duplicated and sent to the mirror listener port PORT2. In the manner, you can monitor the Ethernet data in the downlink direction of PORT1 by means of PORT2.
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Figure 7-28 Downlink mirroring direction


PORT1 DA SA CVLAN Payload Ethernet processing unit VCTRUNK1 DA SA CVLAN SVLAN Payload

DA

SA

CVLAN Payload PORT2

Procedure
Step 1 Select the required Ethernet board in the Object Tree. Step 2 Choose Configuration > Ethernet Interface Management > Port Mirroring from the Function Tree. Step 3 Click New. In the Port Mirror Management dialog box that is displayed, set Mirror Listener Port, Uplink Listened Port, and Downlink Listened Port. Then, click OK.

NOTE

l You need to set an idle port that is not configured with services as Mirror Listener Port. l If Mirror Listener Port is an external port, duplicated packets flow along the downlink direction of the external port. If Mirror Listener Port is a VCTRUNK port, duplicated packets flow along the uplink direction of the VCTRUNK port.

----End

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Alarm Reference

Alarms are important indicators when exceptions occur on the equipment. This topic describes all the possible alarms on the OptiX RTN 620 and how to handle these alarms. A.1 Alarm List The following table lists all the possible alarms generated by the OptiX RTN 620 in alphabetical order. A.2 Alarms and Handling Procedures This topic describes all the alarms on the OptiX RTN 620 in an alphabet order and how to handle these alarms.

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A.1 Alarm List


The following table lists all the possible alarms generated by the OptiX RTN 620 in alphabetical order. Table A-1 Alarm list Alarm Name Description Alarm Severit y Major Minor Critical Major Major Major Major Major Source

A_LOC APS_MANUAL_S TOP ALM_GFP_dCSF ALM_GFP_dLFD AM_DOWNSHIFT APS_FAIL APS_INDI AU_AIS

Loss of clock on the adding bus MSP protocol stopped manually Loss of GFP client signals GFP frames are out of frame. Downshift of AM modes The APS protection switching fails. Indication of the APS protection switching AU alarm indication

PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3 SCC EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 IFH2 SCC SCC SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4

AU_LOP

Loss of AU pointers

Major

B1_EXC

Excessive regenerator section (B1) errors

Minor

B1_SD

Signal degradation due to excessive regenerator section (B1) errors Excessive multiplex section (B2) errors Signal degradation due to excessive multiplex section (B2) errors

Minor

B2_EXC

Major

B2_SD

Minor

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Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Major

Source

B3_EXC

Excessive higher order path (B3) bit errors Excessive VC-3 path (B3) bit errors Signal degradation due to excessive higher order path (B3) errors Signal degradation due to excessive VC-3 path (B3) bit errors The logical board is not added on the NMS. Board not in position

SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4, PL3 EFT4, EMS6 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4, PL3 EFT4, EMS6

B3_EXC_VC3 B3_SD

Major Minor

B3_SD_VC3

Minor

BD_NOT_INSTAL LED BD_STATUS

Minor Major

SCC SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, PO1, PH1, EFT4, EMS6, PXC, ODU, FAN, EOW, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, PD1, SL4, IFH2, EFP6 PO1, PH1, EFT4, EMS6, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, PD1, IFH2, EFP6 PO1, PH1, EFT4, EMS6, IF0A, IF0B, PD1, IFH2, EFP6 SCC PL3 ODU SCC SCC PO1, PH1, PD1, EFP6 PO1, PH1, PD1

BIP_EXC

Excessive BIP errors

Minor

BIP_SD

Signal degradation due to excessive BIP errors BOOTROM data check fails. C2 byte mismatch Configuration is not supported. Errors in the processing of system databases System databases in protection mode Alarm indication of 2 Mbit/s downstream signals Loss of 2M clock in upstream signals
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Minor

BOOTROM_BAD C2_VCAIS CONFIG_NOSUP PORT DBMS_ERROR DBMS_PROTECT _MODE DOWN_E1_AIS E1_LOC

Major Minor Major Major Critical Minor Major

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Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Minor Major Critical Critical Minor Critical Critical Minor Minor

Source

E1_LOS ESN_INVALID ETH_CFM_LOC ETH_CFM_MISM ERGE ETH_CFM_RDI ETH_CFM_UNEX PERI ETH_LOS ETHOAM_DISCO VER_FAIL ETHOAM_RMT_ CRIT_FAULT ETHOAM_RMT_ LOOP ETHOAM_RMT_ SD ETHOAM_SELF_ LOOP ETHOAM_VCG_S ELF_LOOP EX_ETHOAM_CC _LOS EX_ETHOAM_M PID_CNFLCT EXT_SYNC_LOS F1PORT_FAILED FAN_FAIL FCS_ERR

Loss of 2 Mbit/s line signals Invalid ESN Loss of connectivity Misconnection Failure in receiving CCM packets at the remote end Errored frames Loss of Ethernet port connection Discovery failure detected by point-to-point Ethernet OAM Severe fault detected by point-topoint Ethernet OAM at the remote end Remote loopback detected by point-to-point Ethernet OAM Remote Ethernet performance degradation detected by point-topoint Ethernet OAM MAC port loopback detected by point-to-point Ethernet OAM VCTRUNK loopback detected by point-to-point Ethernet OAM Loss of periodical connectivity check packets Conflict of MPIDs Loss of external clock sources Failure of synchronous data interfaces Failure of fan boards FCS errors

PO1, PH1, PD1 SCC EMS6, EFP6 EMS6, EFP6 EMS6, EFP6 EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6, IFH2, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EMS6, EFP6

Minor Minor

EMS6, EFP6 EMS6, EFP6

Major Minor Critical Major Critical Minor Major Critical

EMS6, EFP6 EMS6, EFP6 EMS6, EFP6 EMS6, EFP6 SCC SCC FAN EFT4, EMS6, EFP6

A-4

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Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Minor Critical

Source

FLOW_OVER HARD_BAD

Excessive data traffic received by Ethernet ports Hardware errors

EMS6 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, PO1, PH1, EFT4, PXC, SCC, ODU, EMS6, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, PD1, SL4, IFH2, EFP6 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 PO1, PH1, PD1

HP_CROSSTR

Threshold-crossing performance event of the higher order path Loss of multi-frames in the higher order path Higher order path remote defect indication Higher order path remote error indication Higher order path signal label mismatch High order path trace identifier mismatch Unequipped higher order path

Minor

HP_LOM

Major

HP_RDI

Minor

HP_REI

Warning

HP_SLM

Minor

HP_TIM

Minor

HP_UNEQ

Minor

HPAD_CROSSTR

Adaptation performance threshold-crossing of the higher order path IF cables are disconnected. Abnormal power supplied by an IF board to an ODU Preset IF working mode not supported

Minor

IF_CABLE_OPEN IF_INPWR_ABN IF_MODE_UNSU PPORTED

Major Major Major

IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, IFH2 ODU IF1A, IF1B

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Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Critical Critical Minor

Source

IN_PWR_HIGH IN_PWR_LOW J0_MM

Over high input optical power Over low input optical power Trace identifier mismatch

SD1, SL1, SL4 SD1, SL1, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, SL4 SCC SCC EMS6, EFP6 EMS6, EFP6 SD1, SL1, SL4 SD1, SL1, SL4

K1_K2_M K2_M LAG_PORT_FAIL LAG_VC_PORT_ FAIL LASER_CLOSED LASER_MOD_ER R_EX

K1 and K2 mismatch K2 mismatch A port of an LAG fails A VCG port of an LAG fails A laser is closed. The type of the pluggable optical module on the board does not match the type of the optical interface. LCAS protocol fails in the receive direction. LCAS protocol fails in the transmit direction Loss of partial bandwidth in the LCAS receive direction Loss of partial bandwidth in the LCAS transmit direction Loss of total bandwidth in the LCAS receive direction Loss of total bandwidth in the LCAS transmit direction The capacity of the configured services exceeds the range permitted by the license file Out of frame alignment state of E1 frames The license file is not detected License file check fails Data link errors

Minor Minor Minor Minor Major Major

LCAS_FOPR LCAS_FOPT LCAS_PLCR LCAS_PLCT LCAS_TLCR LCAS_TLCT LCS_LIMITED

Major Major Minor Minor Major Major Major

EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 SCC, IFH2

LFA LICENSE_LOST LICENSE_ERR LINK_ERR

Major Major Major Critical

EFP6 SCC, IFH2 SCC, IFH2 EMS6

A-6

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Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Major Minor

Source

LMFA LPS_UNI_BI_M

Out of frame alignment state of E1 multiframes The switching mode is singleended at one end and dual-ended at the other end. A loopback occurs.

EFP6 SCC

LOOP_ALM

Minor

SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, PO1, PH1, EFT4, EMS6, ODU, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, PD1, SL4, IFH2, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6 EFP6, EFT4, EMS6 PO1, PH1, PD1 PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3 PO1, PH1, IF0A, IF0B, PD1, PL3, IFH2 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6 PO1, PH1, IF0A, IF0B, PD1, PL3, IFH2 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6 PO1, PH1, PD1, IFH2 PO1, PH1, PD1 PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3

LPT_INEFFECT LPT_RFI LP_CROSSTR LP_R_FIFO LP_RDI

Link state pass-through function fails. Link state pass-through function fails at the remote end. Performance threshold-crossing of the lower order path FIFO overflow at the receive side of the lower order path Lower order path remote defect indication Remote defect indication in the VC-12 lower order path Remote defect indication in the VC-3 lower order path Lower order path remote error indication Remote error indication in the VC-12 lower order path Remote error indication in the VC-3 lower order path Lower order path remote failure indication Errors of TU specifications Lower order path signal label mismatch

Major Critical Minor Minor Minor

LP_RDI_VC12 LP_RDI_VC3 LP_REI

Minor Minor Minor

LP_REI_VC12 LP_REI_VC3 LP_RFI LP_SIZE_ERR LP_SLM

Minor Minor Minor Minor Minor

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Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Minor Minor Minor Minor Minor Minor Minor

Source

LP_SLM_VC12 LP_SLM_VC3 LP_T_FIFO LP_TIM LP_TIM_VC12 LP_TIM_VC3 LP_UNEQ

Signal label mismatch in the VC-12 lower order path Signal label mismatch in the VC-3 lower order path FIFO overflow at the transmit side of the lower order path Lower order path trace identifier mismatch Lower order path trace identifier mismatch at VC-12 level Lower order path trace identifier mismatch at VC-3 level Unequipped lower order paths

EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6 PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3 PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6 PO1, PH1, IF0A, IF0B, PD1, PL3, IFH2 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6 SD1, SL1, SL4 SL4 SCC EMS6 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4

LP_UNEQ_VC12 LP_UNEQ_VC3 LSR_NO_FITED LSR_WILL_DIE LTI MOD_TYPE_MISMATCH MS_AIS

Unequipped VC-12 lower order paths Unequipped VC-3 lower order paths Laser not installed The life of the laser is close to the end. Loss of all clock sources Port module type mismatch Multiplex section alarm indication Multiplex section performance threshold-crossing Multiplex section remote defect indication Multiplex section remote error indication

Minor Minor Critical Critical Major Critical Major

MS_CROSSTR

Minor

MS_RDI

Minor

MS_REI

Warning

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Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Minor

Source

MSAD_CROSSTR

Multiplex section adaptation performance threshold-crossing The active board and the standby board have inconsistent software. The ring network has multiple RPL_OWNER nodes. Excessive errors on radio links Signal degradation due to excessive errors on radio links FEC errors are uncorrectable. Label mismatch on radio links Loss of microwave frames Remote defect indication on radio links Loss of NE software The NE is in the installation state. No board software exists

SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SCC EMS6 IFH2 IFH2 IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, IFH2 IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, IFH2 IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, IFH2 IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, IFH2 SCC SCC SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, PXC, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, SL4, EMS6, IFH2, EFP6 SCC SCC SCC SL4 EMS6, EFP6 EMS6

MSSW_DIFFERE NT MULTI_RPL_OW NER MW_BER_EXC MW_BER_SD MW_FEC_UNCO R MW_LIM MW_LOF MW_RDI NESF_LOST NESTATE_INSTA LL NO_BD_SOFT

Major Minor Minor Minor Minor Major Critical Minor Critical Critical Critical

NP1_MANUAL_S TOP NP1_SW_FAIL NP1_SW_INDI OPM_FAIL PROT_CONN_ER R PORT_MODULE_ OFFLINE


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The N+1 protection protocol is stopped manually. The N+1 protection switching fails N+1 protection switching indication Output of optical power fails. The connections of the protection pair are abnormal. Port not in position

Minor Major Major Major Major Major

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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide

Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Major Major Major Major Minor Minor Minor Critical

Source

POWER_ALM P_AIS P_LOS PS RADIO_FADING_ MARGIN_INSUFF RADIO_RSL_BEYONDTH R_F_RST R_LOC

Power module alarm PDH interface signal alarm indication Loss of signals at PDH interfaces Indication of the triggered protection switching Radio fading margin is insufficient. Antennas are not aligned. Reset of the receive FIFO Loss of clock on the receive line side

PXC, SCC, FAN, ODU PL3 PL3 PO1, PH1, PD1 ODU ODU PO1, PH1, PD1 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, SL4, IFH2 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, SL4, IFH2 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, SL4 PO1, PH1, PD1 ODU ODU ODU ODU ODU EOW EFP6

R_LOF

Loss of frame on the receive line side

Critical

R_LOS

Loss of signal on the receive line side

Critical

R_S_ERR RADIO_MUTE RADIO_RSL_HIG H RADIO_RSL_LO W RADIO_TSL_HIG H RADIO_TSL_LO W RELAY_ALARM RMFA

Errors in the received signal The radio transmitter is muted. Over high radio receive signal level Over low radio receive signal level Over high radio transmit signal level Over low radio transmit signal level Relay alarm Loss of multiframe alignment at the remote end
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Critical Warning Critical Critical Critical Critical Critical Minor

A-10

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Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Major Major Minor

Source

RP_LOC RPS_INDI RS_CROSSTR

Loss of the received phaselocked clock Indication of the radio protection switching Regenerator section performance threshold-crossing The real time clock (RTC) of the equipment fails. Clock source switching in S1 byte mode The activation timeout of the software package The automatic match function is disabled The board software version and the running software version are inconsistent NE submission failure The NE is in the process of package loading. Loss of files in a software package Files are deleted when they are customized. The version rollback on an NE fails. Synchronous source degradation The priority of the synchronous clock source is lost. Loss of analog signals at 2 Mbit/ s interfaces Reset of the transmit FIFO Loss of clock on the transmit line side

PO1, PH1, PD1 SCC SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4 SCC SCC SCC SCC SCC

RTC_FAIL S1_SYN_CHANG E SWDL_ACTIVAT ED_TIMEOUT SWDL_AUTOMA TCH_INH SWDL_CHGMNG _NOMATCH SWDL_COMMIT_ FAIL SWDL_INPROCE SS SWDL_NEPKGC HECK SWDL_PKG_NOB DSOFT SWDL_ROLLBAC K_FAIL SYN_BAD SYNC_C_LOS T_ALOS T_F_RST T_LOC

Major Major Critical Minor Critical

Minor Minor Critical Minor Minor Minor Warning Major Minor Major

SCC SCC SCC SCC SCC PXC SCC PO1, PH1, PD1 PO1, PH1, PD1 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, SL4

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Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Major Minor

Source

T_LOS TEMP_ALARM

Loss of signal on the transmit line side The ambient temperature of the board crosses the threshold.

SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, SL4 IF1A, IF1B, EFT4, PXC, SCC, EMS6, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, IFH2, EFP6, ODU PO1, PH1, IF0A, IF0B, PD1, PL3, IFH2 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6 PO1, PH1, IF0A, IF0B, PD1, PL3, IFH2 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6 PO1, PH1, PD1 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6 EFT4, EMS6, EFP6 EFT4, EMS6 PXC, IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, IFH2 SCC SCC

TU_AIS

TU alarm indication

Major

TU_AIS_VC12 TU_AIS_VC3 TU_LOP

TU alarm indication at VC-12 level TU alarm indication at VC-3 level Loss of TU pointers

Major Major Major

TU_LOP_VC12 TU_LOP_VC3 UP_E1_AIS VCAT_LOA VCAT_LOM_VC1 2 VCAT_LOM_VC3 VCAT_SQM_VC1 2 VCAT_SQM_VC3 VOLT_LOS

Loss of TU pointers at VC-12 level Loss of TU pointers at VC-3 level Alarm indication of 2 Mbit/s upstream signals Loss of virtual concatenation alignment Loss of multiframe of VC-12 path virtual concatenation Loss of multiframe of VC-3 path virtual concatenation SQ mismatch of VC-12 path virtual concatenation SQ mismatch of VC-3 path virtual concatenation Loss of voltage

Major Major Minor Critical Major Major Major Major Major

WRG_BD_TYPE WRG_DEV_TYPE

Errors of board types Errors of equipment types

Major Critical

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Alarm Name

Description

Alarm Severit y Major Major Major

Source

WS_LOS W_R_FAILURE XCP_INDI

Loss of wayside signals at 2 Mbit/ s electrical interfaces Read and write registers of the board chip fail. The active/standby switching of cross-connect and timing boards occurs. Loss of XPIC compensation signals

PXC EMS6, EFP6 SCC

XPIC_LOS

Critical

IFX

NOTE

All alarmed boards refer to the logical boards displayed on the NMS.

A.2 Alarms and Handling Procedures


This topic describes all the alarms on the OptiX RTN 620 in an alphabet order and how to handle these alarms.

A.2.1 A_LOC
Description
The A_LOC is an alarm indicating that the clock signal is lost in the adding bus.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1
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Meaning The value is always 0x01.


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Name

Meaning

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


When the A_LOC alarm occurs, the services carried by the alarmed board are interrupted.

Possible Causes
The board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.2 ALM_GFP_dCSF
Description
The ALM_GFP_dCSF is an alarm indicating that the generic framing procedure (GFP) customer signal is lost. This alarm occurs when a board detects that a GFP customer signal management frame, which indicates the loss of customer signals, is received from the remote station.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VCTRUNK that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VCTRUNK 1.
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Impact on the System


When the ALM_GFP_dCSF alarm occurs, the services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
The associated Ethernet port on the remote board is not well connected.

Procedure
Step 1 Handle the alarm reported by the remote board. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.3 ALM_GFP_dLFD
Description
The ALM_GFP_dLFD is an alarm indicating that the GFP frame is out of frame. This alarm occurs when a board detects that the GFP frame is out of frame.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VCTRUNK that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VCTRUNK 1.

Impact on the System


The services are interrupted.
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Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The source and the sink VCTRUNKs are configured with different timeslots or different numbers of paths. Cause 2: Errors occur on certain links or certain links are faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The source and the sink VCTRUNKs are configured with different timeslots or different numbers of paths. (1) Check whether the sink and source VCTRUNKs are bound with the same number of physical paths or bound with the same timeslots. If... Then...

The sink and source VCTRUNKs are not Correct the configuration data. For details, bound with the same number of physical see Configuring the Internal Port of the paths or bound with the same timeslots Ethernet Board. The sink and source VCTRUNKs are Go to Cause 2. bound with the same number of physical paths and bound with the same timeslots Step 2 Cause 2: Errors occur on certain links or certain links are faulty. (1) Check whether the links that the service travels by have errors or become faulty. If... The links are faulty The links are normal ----End Then... Rectify the fault. Replace the alarmed board. .

Related Information
None.

A.2.4 AM_DOWNSHIFT
Description
The AM_DOWNSHIFT is an alarm indicating the downshift of AM modes. This alarm occurs when the AM mode is downshifted from the highest-efficiency mode to the lower-efficiency mode. When the AM mode is upshifted from the lower-efficiency mode to the highest-efficiency mode, this alarm clears.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

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Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


When the AM_DOWNSHIFT alarm occurs, the transmission capacity is reduced.

Possible Causes
The possible cause of the AM_DOWNSHIFT alarm is the degradation of the working channels. l l l l Cause 1: The external factors (for example, the climate) cause the degradation of the working channels. Cause 2: There are interferences around the working channels. Cause 3: The ODU at the transmit end has abnormal transmit power. Cause 4: The ODU at the receive end has abnormal receive power.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The external factors (for example, the climate) cause the degradation of the working channels. (1) When the external factors (for example, the climate) cause the degradation of the working channels, the downshift of the AM mode is normal. Therefore, no measures should be taken to handle the alarm. Step 2 Cause 2: There are interferences around the working channels. (1) Eliminate the interferences around the working channels. Step 3 Cause 3: The ODU at the transmit end has abnormal transmit power. (1) Use the NMS to check whether the transmit power of the ODU at the transmit end is normal. For details on troubleshooting the fault at the transmit end, see Troubleshooting Microwave Links. Step 4 Cause 4: The ODU at the receive end has abnormal receive power. (1) Use the NMS to check whether the transmit power of the ODU at the transmit end is normal. For details on troubleshooting the fault at the receive end, see Troubleshooting Microwave Links. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.5 APS_FAIL
Description
The APS_FAIL is an alarm indicating that the MS protection switching fails.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the type of the protection group. l 0x01: linear MS protection. l 0x02: ring MS protection. Parameter 2 Indicates the ID of the protection group that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by protection group 1.

Impact on the System


The services cannot be switched. If the current paths are unavailable, the services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The parameters of the MS protection are set incorrectly. Cause 2: The parameter settings of the MS protection are lost.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The parameters of the MS protection are set incorrectly. (1) Check whether the parameters of the MS protection are set correctly. If... Then...

The connection is not correct Set the parameters correctly. For details, see Configuring Ring MSP or Configuring Linear MSP. The connection is correct Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: The parameter settings of the MS protection are lost. (1) Check whether the network-wide MSP protocol is normal. (2) Restart the protocol. For details, see Starting/Stopping the Ring MSP Protocol or Starting/ Stopping the Linear MSP Protocol.

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If... The alarm clears after the protocol is restarted The alarm persists after the protocol is restarted ----End

Then... End the alarm handling. Contact Huawei technical support engineers to handle the alarm.

Related Information
None.

A.2.6 APS_INDI
Description
The APS_INDI is an alarm indicating that the MS protection switching occurs.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the type of the protection group. l 0x01: linear MS protection. l 0x02: ring MS protection. Parameter 2 Indicates the ID of the protection group that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by protection group 1.

Impact on the System


During the switching ( 50 ms), the services are interrupted. After the switching is complete, the services are restored to normal. After the switching starts and before the switching is complete, the extra services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
When the APS_INDI alarm occurs, the MS protection switching occurs.
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Procedure
Step 1 Query the switching status of MS protection groups according to Parameter 1 and Parameter 2. If... Parameter 1 = 0x01 Parameter 1 = 0x02 Then... Query linear MSP groups. Query ring MSP groups.

Step 2 Check whether the MSP protocol is in the manual switching state, forced switching state, or locked switching state. If yes, release the switching and check whether the alarm clears. Step 3 Check whether the MSP protocol is in the automatic switching state. Do as follows: (1) Handle the R_LOS, R_LOF, MS_AIS, B2_EXC, or B2_SD alarm that the equipment reports. After the alarm clears, wait until the MSP protocol is changed from the automatic switching state to the normal state. Then, check whether the APS_INDI alarm clears. (2) Check whether the service board configured with the MSP protocol is faulty. If yes, replace the faulty board and then check whether the APS_INDI alarm clears. (3) Check whether the cross-connect board is faulty. If yes, replace the PXC board, and then check whether the APS_INDI alarm clears. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.7 APS_MANUAL_STOP
Description
The APS_MANUAL_STOP is an alarm indicating that the MSP protocol is stopped manually.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.

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Name

Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the type of the protection group. l 0x01: linear MS protection. l 0x02: ring MS protection. Parameter 2 Indicates the ID of the protection group that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by protection group 1.

Impact on the System


When the APS_MANUAL_STOP alarm occurs, the MSP protocol may fail and the protection switching may fail.

Possible Causes
The MSP protocol is stopped manually.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the MSP protocol that needs to be enabled according to Parameter 1. If... Parameter 1 = 0x01 Parameter 1 = 0x02 ----End Then... Enable the linear MSP protocol. Enable the ring MSP protocol.

Related Information
None.

A.2.8 AU_AIS
Description
The AU_AIS is an alarm indication of the administrative unit (AU). This alarm occurs when the board detects the AU pointer of all 1s for three consecutive frames.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example,
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Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the related board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the SDH signal.

Impact on the System


When the AU_AIS alarm occurs, the service in the alarmed AU-4 path is interrupted. If the service is configured with protection, the protection switching is also triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The opposite site inserts the AU_AIS alarm. Cause 2: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty. Cause 3: The receive unit at the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the AU-4 path that reports the alarm according to the alarm parameters. Step 2 Cause 1: The opposite NE inserts the AU_AIS alarm. If... The alarm that triggers the AU_AIS insertion occurs No such alarms that trigger the AU_AIS insertion occur Step 3 Cause 2: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty. (1) Replace the line board or IF board of the opposite site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step. Then... Clear the alarm immediately. Go to Cause 2.

(2) Replace the PXC board of the opposite site. Step 4 Cause 3: The receive unit at the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the alarmed board. ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.9 AU_LOP
Description
The AU_LOP is an alarm indicating the loss of AU pointers. This alarm occurs when a board detects the AU pointers of invalid values or with NDFs for eight consecutive frames.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the related board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the SDH signal.

Impact on the System


When the AU_LOP alarm occurs, the service in the alarmed AU-4 path is interrupted. If the service is configured with protection, the protection switching is also triggered.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty. Cause 2: The receive unit at the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the AU-4 path that reports the alarm according to the alarm parameters. Step 2 Cause 1: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty. (1) Replace the line board or IF board of the opposite site.
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If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced

Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step.

(2) Replace the PXC board of the opposite site. Step 3 Cause 2: The receive unit at the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the alarmed board. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.10 B1_EXC
Description
The B1_EXC is an alarm indicating that the regenerator section (B1) has excessive errors. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the B1 errors exceed the preset B1_EXC alarm threshold (10-3 by default). An IF boards that works in the PDH mode may also report this alarm. This alarm is detected by the self-defined overhead byte B1 in PDH microwave frames.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the related board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the path ID. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.
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Impact on the System


The services on the port are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l l l l Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board).

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). (1) Check whether the transmit power at the opposite end and the receive power at the local end meet the specifications of the optical interfaces. For details, see Browsing Current Performance Events. If... Then...

The transmit power of the opposite site is Replace the SDH optical interface board extremely low of the opposite site. The transmit power of the opposite site is The fiber is faulty. Proceed to the next step. normal, but the receive power of the local site is close to the value (for example, within 3 dB) of receiver sensitivity (2) Exchange the core fibers of the optical cables in the receive and transmit directions of a channel. If... The errors vary with the change of the fibers Then... The fiber is faulty. Proceed to the next step.

The errors do not vary with the change Solve the problem according to the solution of the fibers for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty. (3) If the fibers are faulty, check whether the fiber jumper from the equipment to the optical distribution frame (ODF) and the fiber that is led out from the equipment room are pressed, and whether any fiber connector is dirty or damaged. If yes, replace the fiber jumper or clean the fiber connector. Step 2 Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). (1) Exchange the electrical cables that are possibly faulty in the receive and transmit directions to locate the fault.
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If... The bit errors vary with the change of the cables The bit errors do not vary with the change of the cables

Then... Go to the next step. The boards of the stations at the two ends are faulty. Solve the problem according to the solution for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty.

(2) Check whether the cable grounding, cable connectors, and cables are damaged or deformed. If yes, replace the faulty cables. Step 3 Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Check whether the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is generated. If yes, clear the alarm. Step 4 Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. (1) Check the clock status of the alarmed NE. For details, see Querying the Clock Synchronization Status. If... The clock source of the local NE is different from the clock source of the opposite NE Then... In this case, the clock may become asynchronous and B1 errors may occur. Reconfigure the clock source, and ensure that the clock is synchronized on the local NE and opposite NE.

The clock of the local NE and the clock This may cause errors and even service of the opposite NE form a timing loop interruptions. In this case, reconfigure the clock source and release the timing loop. Step 5 Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). (1) The SDH optical/electrical line board of the local NE is faulty. Loop back the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces of the NE by using a fiber jumper or an electrical cable to locate the fault. If... Then...

The fault is not rectified after the optical Replace the SDH line board of the local interfaces or electrical interfaces are site. looped back The fault is rectified after the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces are looped back Replace the SDH line board of the opposite site.

Step 6 Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Perform an inloop for the multiplexing interface of the IF board on the local site. If... The fault is not rectified after the optical interfaces are looped back
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Then... Replace the alarmed IF board of the local site.


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If...

Then...

The fault is rectified after the multiplexing Replace the IF board of the opposite interface is looped back site. ----End

Related Information
Handle the errors of TDM services.

A.2.11 B1_SD
Description
The B1_SD is an alarm indicating that the regenerator section (B1) signal degrades. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the B1 errors exceed the preset B1_SD alarm threshold (10-6 by default) but do not reach the preset B1_EXC alarm threshold (10-3 by default). An IF board that works in PDH mode may also report this alarm. This alarm is detected by the self-defined overhead byte B1 in PDH microwave frames.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the related board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the path ID. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


The service performance on the port degrades. If the alarm is reported by an IF board and the equipment is configured with 1+1 FD/SD protection, the HSM switching is triggered.
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Possible Causes
l l l l l l Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board).

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). (1) Check whether the transmit power at the opposite end and the receive power at the local end meet the specifications of the optical interfaces. For details, see Browsing Current Performance Events. If... Then...

The transmit power of the opposite site is Replace the SDH optical interface board extremely low of the opposite site. The transmit power of the opposite site is Go to the next step. normal, but the receive power of the local site is close to the value (for example, within 3 dB) of receiver sensitivity (2) Exchange the core fibers of the optical cables in the receive and transmit directions of a channel. If... The errors vary with the change of the fibers Then... The fibers are faulty. Proceed to the next step.

The errors do not vary with the change Solve the problem according to the solution of the fibers for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty. (3) If the fibers are faulty, check whether the fiber jumper from the equipment to the optical distribution frame (ODF) and the fiber that is led out from the equipment room are pressed, and whether any fiber connector is dirty or damaged. If yes, replace the fiber jumper or clean the fiber connector. Step 2 Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). (1) Exchange the cables that are possibly faulty in the receive and transmit directions to locate the fault. If...
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Then...
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The bit errors vary with the change of the cables The bit errors do not vary with the change of the cables

Go to the next step. The boards of the stations at the two ends are faulty. Solve the problem according to the solution for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty.

(2) Check whether the cable grounding, cable connectors, and cables are damaged or deformed. If yes, replace the cables that are faulty. Step 3 Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Check whether the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is generated. If yes, clear the alarm. Step 4 Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. (1) Check the clock status of the alarmed NE. For details, see Querying the Clock Synchronization Status. If... The clock source of the local NE is different from the clock source of the opposite NE Then... In this case, the clock may become asynchronous and B1 errors may occur. Reconfigure the clock source, and ensure that the clock is synchronized on the local NE and opposite NE.

The clock of the local NE and the clock This may cause errors and even service of the opposite NE form a timing loop interruptions. In this case, reconfigure the clock source and release the timing loop. Step 5 Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). (1) The SDH optical/electrical line board of the local NE is faulty. Loop back the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces of the NE by using a fiber jumper or an electrical cable to locate the fault. If... Then...

The fault is not rectified after the optical Replace the SDH line board of the local interfaces or electrical interfaces are site. looped back The fault is rectified after the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces are looped back Replace the SDH line board of the opposite site.

Step 6 Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Perform an inloop for the multiplexing interface of the IF board on the local site. If... The fault is not rectified after the multiplexing interface is looped back
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If...

Then...

The fault is rectified after the multiplexing Replace the IF board of the opposite interface is looped back site. ----End

Related Information
Handle the errors of TDM services.

A.2.12 B2_EXC
Description
The B2_EXC is an alarm indicating that B2 errors (in multiplex section) exceed the threshold. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the number of B2 errors exceeds the preset B2_EXC alarm threshold (10-3 by default).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the related board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the path ID.

Impact on the System


The services on the port are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board).
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l l l l

Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board).

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). (1) Check whether the transmit power at the opposite end and the receive power at the local end meet the specifications of the optical interfaces. For details, see Browsing Current Performance Events. If... Then...

The transmit power of the opposite site is Replace the SDH optical interface board extremely low of the opposite site. The transmit power of the opposite site is The fiber is faulty. Proceed to the next step. normal, but the receive power of the local site is close to the value (for example, within 3 dB) of receiver sensitivity (2) Exchange the core fibers of the optical cables in the receive and transmit directions of a channel. If... The errors vary with the change of the fibers Then... The fibers are faulty. Proceed to the next step.

The errors do not vary with the change Solve the problem according to the solution of the fibers for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty. (3) If the fibers are faulty, check whether the fiber jumper from the equipment to the optical distribution frame (ODF) and the fiber that is led out from the equipment room are pressed, and whether any fiber connector is dirty or damaged. If yes, replace the fiber jumper or clean the fiber connector. Step 2 Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). (1) Exchange the cables that are possibly faulty in the receive and transmit directions to locate the fault. If... The bit errors vary with the change of the cables The bit errors do not vary with the change of the cables Then... Go to the next step. The boards of the stations at the two ends are faulty. Solve the problem according to the solution for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty.
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(2) Check whether the cable grounding, cable connectors, and cables are damaged or deformed. If yes, replace the faulty cables. Step 3 Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Check whether the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is generated. If yes, clear the alarm. Step 4 Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. (1) Check the clock status of the alarmed NE. For details, see Querying the Clock Synchronization Status. If... The clock source of the local NE is different from the clock source of the opposite NE Then... In this case, the clock may become asynchronous and B1 errors may occur. Reconfigure the clock source, and ensure that the clock is synchronized on the local NE and opposite NE.

The clock of the local NE and the clock This may cause errors and even service of the opposite NE form a timing loop interruptions. In this case, reconfigure the clock source and release the timing loop. Step 5 Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). (1) The SDH optical/electrical line board of the local NE is faulty. Loop back the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces of the NE by using a fiber jumper or an electrical cable to locate the fault. If... Then...

The fault is not rectified after the optical Replace the SDH line board of the local interfaces or electrical interface are site. looped back The fault is rectified after the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces are looped back Replace the SDH line board of the opposite site.

Step 6 Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Perform an inloop for the multiplexing interface of the IF board on the local NE. If... The fault is not rectified after the multiplexing interface is looped back Then... Replace the alarmed IF board of the local site.

The fault is rectified after the multiplexing Replace the IF board of the opposite interface is looped back site. ----End

Related Information
Handle the errors of TDM services.
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A.2.13 B2_SD
Description
The B2_SD is an alarm indicating that the signal degrades due to excessive B2 errors (in the multiplex section). This alarm occurs when the board detects that the number of B2 errors exceeds the preset B2_EXC alarm threshold (10-6 by default).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the related board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the path ID.

Impact on the System


The service performance on the port degrades. If the alarm is reported by an IF board and the equipment is configured with 1+1 FD/SD protection, the HSM switching is triggered.

Possible Causes
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Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board).
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). (1) Check whether the transmit power at the opposite end and the receive power at the local end meet the specifications of the optical interfaces. For details, see Browsing Current Performance Events. If... Then...

The transmit power of the opposite site is Replace the SDH optical interface board extremely low of the opposite site. The transmit power of the opposite site is The fiber is faulty. Proceed to the next step. normal, but the receive power of the local site is close to the value (for example, within 3 dB) of receiver sensitivity (2) Exchange the core fibers of the optical cables in the receive and transmit directions of a channel. If... The errors vary with the change of the fibers Then... The fibers are faulty. Proceed to the next step.

The errors do not vary with the change Solve the problem according to the solution of the fibers for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty. (3) If the fibers are faulty, check whether the fiber jumper from the equipment to the optical distribution frame (ODF) and the fiber that is led out from the equipment room are pressed, and whether any fiber connector is dirty or damaged. If yes, replace the fiber jumper or clean the fiber connector. Step 2 Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). (1) Exchange the cables that are possibly faulty in the receive and transmit directions to locate the fault. If... The bit errors vary with the change of the cables The bit errors do not vary with the change of the cables Then... Go to the next step. The boards of the stations at the two ends are faulty. Solve the problem according to the solution for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty.

(2) Check whether the cable grounding, cable connectors, and cables are damaged or deformed. If yes, replace the faulty cables. Step 3 Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Check whether the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is generated. If yes, clear the alarm.
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Step 4 Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. (1) Check the clock status of the alarmed NE. For details, see Querying the Clock Synchronization Status. If... The clock source of the local NE is different from the clock source of the opposite NE Then... In this case, the clock may become asynchronous and B1 errors may occur. Reconfigure the clock source, and ensure that the clock is synchronized on the local NE and opposite NE.

The clock of the local NE and the clock This may cause errors and even service of the opposite NE form a timing loop interruptions. In this case, reconfigure the clock source and release the timing loop. Step 5 Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). (1) The SDH optical/electrical line board of the local NE is faulty. Loop back the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces of the NE by using a fiber jumper or an electrical cable to locate the fault. If... Then...

The fault is not rectified after the optical Replace the SDH line board of the local interfaces or electrical interfaces are site. looped back The fault is rectified after the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces are looped back Replace the SDH line board of the opposite site.

Step 6 Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Perform an inloop for the multiplexing interface of the IF board on the local site. If... The fault is not rectified after the multiplexing interface is looped back Then... Replace the alarmed IF board of the local site.

The fault is rectified after the multiplexing Replace the IF board of the opposite interface is looped back site. ----End

Related Information
Handle the errors of TDM services.

A.2.14 B3_EXC

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Description
The B3_EXC is an alarm indicating that B3 errors (in the higher order path) exceed the threshold. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the number of B3 errors exceeds the preset B3_EXC alarm threshold (10-3 by default).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the related board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the related board.

Impact on the System


When the B3_EXC alarm occurs, the service on the path that reports the alarm is interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l l l l Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board).

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board).
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(1) Check whether the transmit power at the opposite end and the receive power at the local end meet the specifications of the optical interfaces. For details, see Browsing Current Performance Events. If... Then...

The transmit power of the opposite site is Replace the board that contains the SDH extremely low optical interface unit on the opposite site. The transmit power of the opposite site is The fiber is faulty. Proceed to the next step. normal, but the receive power of the local site is close to the value (for example, within 3 dB) of receiver sensitivity (2) Exchange the core fibers of the optical cables in the receive and transmit directions of a channel. If... The errors vary with the change of the fibers Then... The fibers are faulty. Proceed to the next step.

The errors do not vary with the change Solve the problem according to the solution of the fibers for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty. (3) If the fibers are faulty, check whether the fiber jumper from the equipment to the optical distribution frame (ODF) and the fiber that is led out from the equipment room are pressed, and whether any fiber connector is dirty or damaged. If yes, replace the fiber jumper or clean the fiber connector. Step 2 Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). (1) Exchange the cables that are possibly faulty in the receive and transmit directions to locate the fault. If... The bit errors vary with the change of the cables The bit errors do not vary with the change of the cables Then... Go to the next step. The boards of the stations at the two ends are faulty. Solve the problem according to the solution for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty.

(2) Check whether the cable grounding, cable connectors, and cables are damaged or deformed. If yes, replace the faulty cables. Step 3 Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Check whether the MW_FEC_UNCOR or RPS_INDI alarm is reported. If yes, clear the alarm. Step 4 Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. (1) Check the clock status of the alarmed NE. For details, see Querying the Clock Synchronization Status.
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If... The clock source of the local NE is different from the clock source of the opposite NE

Then... In this case, the clock may become asynchronous and B1 errors may occur. Reconfigure the clock source, and ensure that the clock is synchronized on the local NE and opposite NE.

The clock of the local NE and the clock This may cause errors and even service of the opposite NE form a timing loop interruptions. In this case, reconfigure the clock source and release the timing loop. Step 5 Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). (1) The SDH optical/electrical line board of the local NE is faulty. Loop back the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces of the NE by using a fiber jumper or an electrical cable to locate the fault. If... Then...

The fault is not rectified after the optical Replace the SDH line board of the local interfaces or electrical interfaces are site. looped back The fault is rectified after the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces are looped back Replace the SDH line board of the opposite site.

Step 6 Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Perform an inloop for the multiplexing interface of the IF board on the local NE. If... The fault is not rectified after the multiplexing interface is looped back Then... Replace the alarmed IF board of the local site.

The fault is rectified after the multiplexing Replace the IF board of the opposite interface is looped back site. ----End

Related Information
Handle the errors of TDM services.

A.2.15 B3_EXC_VC3
Description
The B3_EXC_VC3 is an alarm indicating that the B3 errors (in VC-3 paths) exceed the threshold. This alarm occurs when a board detects that the number of B3 errors exceeds the preset B3_EXC_VC3 alarm threshold (10-3 by default).
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-3 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-3 path 1.

Impact on the System


The services carried by the alarmed path have a large number of errors.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: Higher-level bit error alarms occur in the system. Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an Ethernet optical interface). Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an Ethernet electrical interface). Cause 4: The board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Higher-level bit error alarms occur in the system. (1) Check whether the local site or the upstream station detects the B1_EXC, B1_SD, B2_EXC, B2_SD, B3_EXC, or B3_SD alarm. If yes, clear the higher-level alarm. (2) Then, check whether the B3_EXC_VC3 alarm clears. If... Yes No Then... End the alarm handling. Go to Cause 2 or Cause 3.

Step 2 Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an Ethernet optical interface). (1) Check whether the transmit power at the opposite end and the receive power at the local end meet the specifications of the optical interfaces. For details, see Browsing Current Performance Events.
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If...

Then...

The transmit power of the opposite site is Replace the Ethernet board of the extremely low opposite site. The transmit power of the opposite site is The fibers are faulty. Proceed to the next normal, but the receive power of the local step. site is close to the value (for example, within 3 dB) of receiver sensitivity. (2) Exchange the core fibers of the optical cables in the receive and transmit directions of a channel. If... The errors vary with the change of the fibers Then... Go to the next step.

The errors do not vary with the change of the fibers Ensure that the board is normal. (3) If the fibers are faulty, check whether the fiber jumper from the equipment to the optical distribution frame (ODF) and the fiber that is led out from the equipment room are pressed, and whether any fiber connector is dirty or damaged. If yes, replace the fiber jumper or fiber connector. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Yes No Then... End the alarm handling. Ensure that the board is normal.

Step 3 Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an Ethernet electrical interface). (1) Check whether the cable grounding, cable connectors, and cables are damaged or deformed. If yes, replace the faulty cables. (2) Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Yes No Then... End the alarm handling. Ensure that the board is normal.

Step 4 Cause 4: The board is faulty. (1) Perform an inloop on the Ethernet port that is connected to the alarmed VC-3 path. If... The fault is not rectified after the Ethernet port is looped back Then... Replace the alarmed Ethernet processing board of the local site.

The fault is rectified after the Ethernet Replace the Ethernet processing board of port is looped back the opposite site. ----End

Related Information
None.
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A.2.16 B3_SD
Description
The B3_SD is an alarm indicating that the signal degrades due to excessive B3 errors (in the higher order path). This alarm occurs when a board detects that the number of B3 errors exceeds the preset B3_SD alarm threshold (10-6 by default).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the related board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the related board.

Impact on the System


The service performance on the alarmed port degrades. If the alarm is reported by an IF board and the equipment is configured with 1+1 FD/SD protection, the HSM switching is triggered.

Possible Causes
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Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board).
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board). (1) Check whether the transmit power at the opposite end and the receive power at the local end meet the specifications of the optical interfaces. For details, see Browsing Current Performance Events. If... Then...

The transmit power of the opposite site is Replace the SDH optical interface board extremely low of the opposite site. The transmit power of the opposite site is The fiber is faulty. Proceed to the next step. normal, but the receive power of the local site is close to the value (for example, within 3 dB) of receiver sensitivity (2) Exchange the core fibers of the optical cables in the receive and transmit directions of a channel. If... The errors vary with the change of the fibers Then... The fibers are faulty. Proceed to the next step.

The errors do not vary with the change Solve the problem according to the solution of the fibers for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty. (3) If the fibers are faulty, check whether the fiber jumper from the equipment to the optical distribution frame (ODF) and the fiber that is led out from the equipment room are pressed, and whether any fiber connector is dirty or damaged. If yes, replace the fiber jumper or clean the fiber connector. Step 2 Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an SDH electrical interface board). (1) Exchange the cables that are possibly faulty in the receive and transmit directions to locate the fault. If... The bit errors vary with the change of the cables The bit errors do not vary with the change of the cables Then... Go to the next step. The boards of the stations at the two ends are faulty. Solve the problem according to the solution for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty.

(2) Check whether the cable grounding, cable connectors, and cables are damaged or deformed. If yes, replace the faulty cables. Step 3 Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Check whether the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is generated. If yes, clear the alarm.
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Step 4 Cause 4: The network clock quality degrades. (1) Check the clock status of the alarmed NE. For details, see Querying the Clock Synchronization Status. If... The clock source of the local NE is different from the clock source of the opposite NE Then... In this case, the clock may become asynchronous and B1 errors may occur. Reconfigure the clock source, and ensure that the clock is synchronized on the local NE and opposite NE.

The clock of the local NE and the clock This may cause errors and even service of the opposite NE form a timing loop interruptions. In this case, reconfigure the clock source and release the timing loop. Step 5 Cause 5: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical interface board or SDH electrical interface board). (1) The SDH optical/electrical line board of the local NE is faulty. Loop back the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces of the NE by using a fiber jumper or an electrical cable to locate the fault. If... Then...

The fault is not rectified after the optical Replace the SDH line board of the local interfaces or electrical interfaces are site. looped back The fault is rectified after the optical interfaces or electrical interfaces are looped back Replace the SDH line board of the opposite site.

Step 6 Cause 6: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Perform an inloop for the multiplexing interface of the IF board on the local NE. If... The fault is not rectified after the multiplexing interface is looped back Then... Replace the alarmed IF board of the local site.

The fault is rectified after the multiplexing Replace the IF board of the opposite interface is looped back site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.17 B3_SD_VC3

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Description
The B3_SD_VC3 is an alarm indicating that the signal degrades due to excessive B3 errors (in VC-3 paths). This alarm occurs when the board detects that the number of B3 errors exceeds the preset B3_SD_VC3 alarm threshold (10-6 by default).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-3 path 1.

Impact on the System


When the B3_SD_VC3 alarm occurs, the service on the path that reports the alarm degrades.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: Higher-level bit error alarms occur in the system. Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an Ethernet optical interface). Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an Ethernet electrical interface). Cause 4: The board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Higher-level bit error alarms occur in the system. (1) Check whether the local site or the upstream station detects the B1_EXC, B1_SD, B2_EXC, B2_SD, B3_EXC, or B3_SD alarm. If yes, clear the higher-level alarm. (2) Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Yes No
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Then... End the alarm handling. Go to Cause 2 or Cause 3.


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Step 2 Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an Ethernet optical interface). (1) Check whether the transmit power at the opposite end and the receive power at the local end meet the specifications of the optical interfaces. For details, see Browsing Current Performance Events. If... Then...

The transmit power of the opposite site is Replace the Ethernet board of the extremely low opposite site. The transmit power of the opposite site is The fiber is faulty. Proceed to the next step. normal, but the receive power of the local site is close to the value (for example, within 3 dB) of receiver sensitivity (2) Exchange the core fibers of the optical cables in the receive and transmit directions of a channel. If... The errors vary with the change of the fibers Then... Go to the next step.

The errors do not vary with the change of the fibers Ensure that the board is normal. (3) If the fibers are faulty, check whether the fiber jumper from the equipment to the optical distribution frame (ODF) and the fiber that is led out from the equipment room are pressed, and whether any fiber connector is dirty or damaged. If yes, replace the fiber jumper or clean the fiber connector. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Yes No Then... End the alarm handling. Ensure that the board is normal.

Step 3 Cause 3: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an Ethernet electrical interface). (1) Check whether the cable grounding, cable connectors, and cables are damaged or deformed. If yes, replace the faulty cables. (2) Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Yes No Then... End the alarm handling. Ensure that the board is normal.

Step 4 Cause 4: The board is faulty. (1) Perform an inloop on the Ethernet port that is connected to the alarmed VC-3 path. If... The fault is not rectified after the Ethernet port is looped back Then... Replace the alarmed Ethernet processing board of the local site.

The fault is rectified after the Ethernet Replace the Ethernet processing board of port is looped back the opposite site. ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.18 BD_NOT_INSTALLED
Description
The BD_NOT_INSTALLED is an alarm indicating that a physical board is installed in a certain slot, but the logical board is not added.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 0, Parameter 1 Meaning Indicate the ID of the slot.

Impact on the System


When the BD_NOT_INSTALLED alarm occurs, the physical board in this slot cannot work.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The logical board is not added in the corresponding logical slot. Cause 2: The physical board is installed incorrectly during the replacement of boards.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The logical board is not added in the corresponding logical slot. (1) Configure the logical board. Step 2 Cause 2: The physical board is installed incorrectly during the replacement of boards. (1) Check whether the physical board is installed in the correct slot. If not, reinstall the physical board in the correct slot. ----End

Related Information
None.
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A.2.19 BD_STATUS
Description
The BD_STATUS is an alarm indicating that the board is not in position.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


The board that reports the alarm fails to work.

Possible Causes
If the alarm is reported by a board of the IDU, the possible causes are as follows: l l l l Cause 1 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The board is installed in an incorrect slot. Cause 2 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The board and the backplane are not connected properly. Cause 3 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The slot is faulty. Cause 4 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The board is faulty.

If the alarm is reported by the ODU, the possible causes are as follows: l l Cause 1 of the alarm reported by the ODU: Other alarms are generated. Cause 2 of the alarm reported by the ODU: The ODU is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The board is installed in an incorrect slot. (1) Check whether the logical slot and the physical slot of the alarmed board are consistent. For details, see Checking Board Status. If... The board that reports the alarm is installed in an incorrect slot The board that reports the alarm is installed in a correct slot Then... Install the board in a correct slot. Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is generated when the board and the backplane are not connected properly.
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Step 2 Cause 2 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The board and the backplane are not connected properly. (1) Remove and insert the alarmed board. For details, see 6.1 Removing a Board and 6.2 Inserting a Board. If... The alarm disappears after the board is removed and inserted The alarm persists after the board is replaced Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is generated when the board or the slot is faulty.

Step 3 Cause 3 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The slot is faulty. (1) Contact Huawei engineers to handle the faulty slot.
TIP

Generally, the slot becomes faulty due to broken pins or bent pins. Remove the board, and use a torch to check whether there is any broken pin or bent pin.

(2) If an idle slot is available, insert the board in the idle slot and add the board again. Then, the board can work normally. Step 4 Cause 4 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The board is faulty. (1) Replace the alarmed board. For details, see 6 Part Replacement. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is generated when the slot is faulty.

Step 5 Cause 1 of the alarm reported by the ODU: Other alarms are generated. (1) Query the IF board to see whether the HARD_BAD, BD_STATUS, IF_CABLE_OPEN or VOLT_LOS alarm is generated. If... Yes No Then... Clear these alarms first. Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is generated when the ODU is faulty.

Step 6 Cause 2 of the alarm reported by the ODU: The ODU is faulty. (1) Replace the ODU that reports the alarm. For details, see 6.12 Replacing an ODU. ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.20 BIP_EXC
Description
The BIP_EXC is an alarm indicating that BIP errors exceed the preset threshold. This alarm occurs when a board detects that the number of BIP-2 errors (in byte V5) exceeds the preset BIP_EXC alarm threshold (10-3 by default).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


When the BIP_EXC alarm occurs, the service on the path that reports the alarm is interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an E1 service board or Ethernet processing board). Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). Cause 3: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an E1 service board or Ethernet processing board). Cause 4: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board).

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an E1 service board or Ethernet service processing board).
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(1) Check whether any performance degradation alarm occurs on the STM-1 path or radio link along which the E1 service or Ethernet service travels. If yes, clear the alarm immediately. The following are the performance degradation alarms that commonly occur on an optical line or radio link: B1_EXC, B1_SD, B2_EXC, B2_SD, B3_EXC, B3_SD, MW_FEC_UNCOR, RPS_INDI, MW_BER_EXC, and MW_BER_SD. If... Yes No Then... Handle the relevant alarms first. Ensure that the board is normal.

Step 2 Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Check whether any performance degradation alarm occurs on the tributary board or IF board that transmits service signals. If yes, clear the alarm immediately. The following are the performance degradation alarms that commonly occur on the tributary board or IF board: BIP_EXC, BIP_SD, MW_FEC_UNCOR, RPS_INDI, MW_BER_EXC, and MW_BER_SD. Step 3 Cause 3: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an E1 service board or Ethernet service processing board). (1) Replace the E1 service board or replace the Ethernet service processing board. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Yes No Then... End the alarm handling. Replace the PXC board.

Step 4 Cause 4: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Replace the IF board. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Yes No ----End Then... End the alarm handling. Replace the PXC board.

Related Information
5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services.

A.2.21 BIP_SD

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Description
The BIP_SD is an alarm indicating that the signal degrades due to excessive BIP errors. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the number of BIP-2 errors (in byte V5) exceeds the preset BIP_SD alarm threshold (10-6 by default).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


When the BIP_SD alarm occurs, the service on the alarmed path degrades.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an E1 service board or Ethernet service processing board). Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). Cause 3: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an E1 service board or Ethernet service processing board). Cause 4: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board).

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an E1 service board or Ethernet processing board). (1) Check whether any performance degradation alarm occurs on the STM-1 path or radio link along which the E1 service or Ethernet service travels. If yes, clear the alarm immediately. The following are the performance degradation alarms that commonly occur on an optical line or radio link: B1_EXC, B1_SD, B2_EXC, B2_SD, B3_EXC, B3_SD, MW_FEC_UNCOR, RPS_INDI, MW_BER_EXC, and MW_BER_SD.
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If... Yes No

Then... Handle the relevant alarms first. Ensure that the board is normal.

Step 2 Cause 2: The line performance degrades (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Check whether any performance degradation alarm occurs on the tributary board or IF board that transmits service signals. If yes, clear the alarm immediately. The following are the performance degradation alarms that commonly occur on the tributary board or IF board: BIP_EXC, BIP_SD, MW_FEC_UNCOR, RPS_INDI, MW_BER_EXC, and MW_BER_SD. Step 3 Cause 3: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an E1 service board or Ethernet service processing board). (1) Replace the E1 service board or replace the Ethernet service processing board. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Yes No Then... End the alarm handling. Replace the PXC board.

Step 4 Cause 4: The board is faulty (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Replace the IF board. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Yes No ----End Then... End the alarm handling. Replace the PXC board.

Related Information
Handle the errors of TDM services.

A.2.22 BOOTROM_BAD
Description
The BOOTROM_BAD is an alarm indicating that the BOOTROM data consistency check fails. This alarm occurs when the BOOTROM data is damaged during a periodical check by the system.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major
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Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the type of the BOOTROM damage. l 0x01: damage of basic BIOS l 0x02: damage of extended BIOS Parameter 2, Parameter 3 The values are always 0xff 0xff.

Impact on the System


When the BOOTROM_BAD alarm occurs, it indicates that errors occur in the system database processing. The system configuration may be lost. As a result, the failure indication is returned for certain query and setting commands, and certain system functions cannot work. l l When the NE is already started ,the BOOTROM_BAD alarm has no impacts on the system and services. If the BOOTROM_BAD alarm occurs and a hard reset is performed on a board, the board fails to load the BIOS and cannot be started.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The basic BIOS is damaged. Cause 2: The extended BIOS is damaged. Cause 3: The BOOTROM database is damaged.

Procedure
Step 1 Replace the SCC board. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.23 C2_VCAIS
Description
The C2_VCAIS is an indication of the path signal label byte (C2) alarm. This alarm occurs when a board detects that the C2 byte is 0xff.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


None.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The transmitted C2 byte at the remote end is incorrectly set.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The transmitted C2 byte at the remote end is incorrectly set. (1) Determine the ID of the VC path that reports the alarm according to the alarm parameter. (2) Rectify the setting of C2 to be Sent on the remote station. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.24 CONFIG_NOSUPPORT
Description
The CONFIG_NOSUPPORT is an alarm indicating that the configuration is not supported. This alarm is reported if an ODU detects that the specified parameters do not meet the requirements of the ODU.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning l 0x01: The frequency is set incorrectly. l 0x02: The T/R spacing is set incorrectly. l 0x03: The transmit power is set incorrectly. l 0x04: The ATPC threshold is set incorrectly. l 0x05: The bandwidth is set incorrectly. l 0x06: The modulation mode is set incorrectly.

Parameter 1 Indicates that the configuration data does not meet the specified requirement.

Impact on the System


The ODU fails to work normally. If the equipment is configured with 1+1 FD protection, the active ODU generates the CONFIG_NOSUPPORT alarm. In this case, IF 1+1 protection switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The type and configuration parameters of the ODU do not match the requirements.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The type and configuration parameters of the ODU do not match the requirements. (1) Determine the parameter that does not meet the requirement according to the alarm parameter. Then, handle the fault accordingly. If... The alarm parameter takes a value from 0x01 to 0x03 The alarm parameter takes a value from 0x04 to 0x06 Then... Run Step 1.2. Run Step 1.3.

(2) Check whether the parameters of the ODU interface meet the requirements of network planning. For details, see Setting Parameters of ODU Interfaces.

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If... Yes No

Then... Replace the ODU with a correct one. Modify the parameters of the ODU interface.

(3) Check whether the parameters of the IF interface meet the requirements of network planning. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. If... Yes No ----End Then... Replace the IF board. Configure the IF/ODU information of radio links.

Related Information
None.

A.2.25 DBMS_ERROR
Description
The DBMS_ERROR is an alarm indicating that errors occur in the processing of the system database.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.

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Name

Meaning l 0x01: The input parameters are invalid. l 0x02: The database files do not exist. l 0x03: The database memory area numbers are incorrect. l 0x04: The database overwriting occurs. l 0x05: Errors occur in the header information check in the database backup area. l 0x06: Errors occur in the FAT table structure check in the database storage area. l 0x07: Errors occur in the database check in the database backup area. l 0x08: Restoring the database fails. l 0x09: The database ID is invalid. l 0x0A: The databases are different. l 0x0B: The data is unchecked. l 0x0E: The semaphore handle is invalid. l 0x0F: Errors occur in applying for memory. l 0x10: Errors occur in releasing memory. l 0x12: Transmitting the message capsule fails. l 0x13: The starting and ending records of the database are incorrect. l 0x14: The database is null. l 0x15: The flag is incorrectly set. l 0x16: The input command parameters are incorrect. l 0x17: Non-backup database. l 0x18: The database is in protection mode. l 0x19: The configuration is not verified.

Parameter 1 Indicates the types of the database errors.

Parameter 2 Indicates the errored data storage area. l 0x00: database in fdb0 l 0x01: database in fdb1 l 0x02: database in drdb Parameter 3 Indicates the ID of the errored database. l 0x00: all databases in the entire storage area. l 0x01-0xff: ID of the errored database

Impact on the System


When the DBMS_ERROR alarm occurs, it indicates that errors occur in the system database processing. The system configuration may be lost. As a result, the failure indication is returned for certain query and setting commands, and certain system functions cannot work.

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Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The database processing fails or the database is damaged. Cause 2: The SCC board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The database operation fails. (1) Reset the SCC board. For details, see Resetting the SCC board. If... The alarm clears after the board is reset The alarm persists after the board is reset Step 2 Cause 2: The SCC board is faulty. (1) Replace the alarmed SCC board. ----End Then... End the fault handling. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.26 DBMS_PROTECT_MODE
Description
The DBMS_PROTECT_MODE is an alarm indicating that the system database is in protection mode.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


When the DBMS_PROTECT_MODE alarm occurs, it indicates that errors occur in the system database processing. The system configuration may be lost. As a result, the failure indication is returned for certain query and setting commands, and certain system functions cannot work.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The data enters the protection mode due to frequent resets of the NE software.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The data enters the protection mode due to frequent resets of the NE software. (1) Replace the SCC board. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.27 DOWN_E1_AIS
Description
The DOWN_E1_AIS is an alarm of the 2 Mbit/s downlink signal. This alarm occurs when the tributary board or EoPDH borad detects the 2 Mbit/s downlink signal of all 1s.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


The E1 signal is unavailable.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The opposite site transmits the E1_AIS alarm. Cause 2: The board on the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The opposite site transmits the E1_AIS alarm.
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(1) Check whether the opposite site reports the UP_E1_AIS or T_ALOS alarm. If... Then...

The opposite site reports the UP_E1_AIS Clear the alarm immediately. or T_ALOS alarm The opposite site does not report the UP_E1_AIS or T_ALOS alarm Step 2 Cause 2: The board on the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the alarmed board. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced ----End Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Replace the PXC board of the local site. Solve the problem according to the solution for the problem that occurs when a board is faulty.

Related Information
None.

A.2.28 E1_LOC
Description
The E1_LOC is an alarm indicating that the upstream 2M clock is lost. This alarm occurs when a tributary board fails to extract the clock from E1 signals.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the tributary port (path) that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port (path) 1 of the tributary board.
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Impact on the System


When E1_LOC occurs, the service is not affected.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: The opposite NE is faulty. Cause 2: The line sequence of the cable is incorrect. Cause 3: The receive unit of the tributary board on the local NE is faulty. Cause 4: The input E1 signal has an abnormal waveform.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The opposite NE is faulty. (1) Rectify the fault on the opposite NE. Step 2 Cause 2: The line sequence of the cable is incorrect. (1) Redo the cable. Step 3 Cause 3: The receive unit of the tributary board on the local NE is faulty. (1) Replace the tributary board of the local site. Step 4 Cause 4: The input E1 signal has an abnormal waveform. (1) Check whether any external interference causes the abnormal waveform of the E1 signal. If... There is external interference There is no external interference ----End Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Contact Huawei engineers.

Related Information
None.

A.2.29 E1_LOS
Description
The E1_LOS is an alarm indicating the loss of E1 signals. This alarm occurs when a tributary board detects upstream E1 signals of all 0s.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor
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Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


When E1_LOS alarm occurs, E1 services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The cable is not connected or the cable is faulty. Cause 2: The opposite NE is faulty. Cause 3: The tributary board on the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The cable is not connected or the cable is faulty. (1) Check whether the cable is connected properly. If... The cable is not connected properly The cable is prepared incorrectly Step 2 Cause 2: The opposite NE is faulty. (1) Rectify the fault on the opposite NE. Step 3 Cause 3: The tributary board on the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the tributary board of the local site. ----End Then... Connect the cable properly. Redo the cable.

Related Information
None.

A.2.30 ESN_INVALID
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Description
The ESN_INVALID is an alarm indicating that the electronic serial number (ESN) of the equipment is invalid.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the slot number of the alarmed SCC board.

Impact on the System


None.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: Verification of the ESN that is read from the SCC board is normal, but the ESN cannot be identified.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Verification of the ESN that is read from the SCC board is normal, but the ESN cannot be identified. (1) Contact Huawei technical support engineers for upgrading the software. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.31 ETH_CFM_MISMERGE
Description
The ETH_CFM_MISMERGE is an alarm indicating an incorrect connection. This alarm occurs when the system receives the CCM packet whose MA ID mismatches or whose priority is lower.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1, Parameter 2, Parameter 3, Parameter 4 (Port) Parameter 5, Parameter 6 (VLAN ID) Parameter 7 (Direction) Meaning Indicate the ID of the port that reports the alarm. Indicate the VLAN ID of the MEP. Indicates the direction of the local MEP. l 0x00: The port is direction insensitive. l 0x01: The port is in the ingress direction. l 0x02: The port is in the egress direction. Parameter 8 (Level) Indicates the MD level of the local MEP. l 0x00: consumer MEP level (low). l 0x01: consumer MEP level (medium). l 0x02: consumer MEP level (high). l 0x03: provider MEP level (low). l 0x04: provider MEP level (high). l 0x05: operator MEP level (low). l 0x06: operator MEP level (medium). l 0x07: operator MEP level (high).
NOTE Consumer indicates the customer, provider indicates the supplier, and operator indicates the carrier.

Impact on the System


The services among relevant standard MEPs may be interrupted or the data flow may be incorrectly routed.

Possible Causes
l l l
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Cause 1: The names of the MDs and the MAs that the standard MEPs correspond to are inconsistent. Cause 2: The levels of the MDs that the standard MEPs correspond to are different. Cause 3: The physical connection is incorrect.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The names of the MDs and the MAs that the standard MEPs correspond to are inconsistent. (1) Check whether the names of the MDs and the MAs that the standard MEPs correspond to are the same. If... The MD names or MA names are different The MD names or MA names are the same at both ends Then... Re-configure the MA names and MA names to ensure consistency at both ends. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: The levels of the MDs that the standard MEPs correspond to are different. (1) Check whether the MD levels of the standard MEPs are the same. If... The MD levels are different Then... Re-configure the MD levels to ensure consistency at both ends.

The MD levels are the same at both ends Go to Cause 3. Step 3 Cause 3: The physical connection is incorrect. (1) Check the physical connection of the Ethernet service route and rectify the fault on the physical connection if any. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.32 ETH_CFM_UNEXPERI
Description
The ETH_CFM_UNEXPERI is an alarm indicating the errored frame. This alarm occurs when the system receives invalid CCM packets.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example,
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Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1, Parameter 2, Parameter 3, Parameter 4 (Port) Parameter 5, Parameter 6 (VLAN ID) Parameter 7 (Direction) Meaning Indicate the ID of the port that reports the alarm. Indicate the VLAN ID of the MEP. Indicates the direction of the local MEP. l 0x00: The port is direction insensitive. l 0x01: The port is in the ingress direction. l 0x02: The port is in the egress direction. Parameter 8 (Level) Indicates the MD level of the local MEP. l 0x00: consumer MEP level (low). l 0x01: consumer MEP level (medium). l 0x02: consumer MEP level (high). l 0x03: provider MEP level (low). l 0x04: provider MEP level (high). l 0x05: operator MEP level (low). l 0x06: operator MEP level (medium). l 0x07: operator MEP level (high).
NOTE Consumer indicates the customer, provider indicates the supplier, and operator indicates the carrier.

Impact on the System


l l The LB and LT detection functions of IEEE 802.1ag ETH-OAM are unavailable. The service may become abnormal due to the loop.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: No remote MEP is configured. Cause 2: The configuration of the MEPs at both ends are inconsistent. For example, the connectivity check (CC) periods are different, and the IDs of the MEPs are in conflict. Cause 3: The service is looped back and the looped packet is received. Cause 4: A software fault occurs at the MEP at the transmit end.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: No remote MEP is configured. (1) Check whether the remote MEP is configured. If not, configure the remote MEP first. Step 2 Cause 2: The configuration of the MEPs at both ends are inconsistent. For example, the connectivity check (CC) periods are different, and the IDs of the MEPs are in conflict. (1) Check whether the CC periods set at the MEPs are the same.
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If...

Then...

The CC periods are different Change the CC periods to ensure consistency at both ends. The CC periods are the same Go to the next step. (2) Check whether the IDs of the MEPs in the maintenance domain are in conflict. If... The IDs are in conflict The IDs are not in conflict Then... Change the conflicting IDs. Go to Cause 2.

Step 3 Cause 3: The service is looped back and the looped packet is received. (1) Enable the loop detection function of IEEE 802.3ah ETH-OAM. Check whether any loop exists at each IP port of the service trail. If yes, release the loop and clear the alarm. Step 4 Cause 4: A software fault occurs at the MEP at the transmit end. (1) Perform a warm reset on the Ethernet board where the remote MEP is located. For details, see 7.6.2 Warm Resetting. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.33 ETH_CFM_LOC
Description
The ETH_CFM_LOC is an alarm indicating the loss of connectivity. This alarm occurs when the system fails to receive CCM packets from the remote MEP in 3.5 connectivity check (CC) periods successively.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.

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Name Parameter 1, Parameter 2, Parameter 3, Parameter 4 (Port) Parameter 5, Parameter 6 (VLAN ID) Parameter 7 (Direction)

Meaning Indicate the number of the port where the alarm is reported. Indicate the VLAN ID of the MEP. Indicates the direction of the local MEP. l 0x00: The port is direction insensitive. l 0x01: The port is in the ingress direction. l 0x02: The port is in the egress direction.

Parameter 8 (Level)

Indicates the MD level of the local MEP. l 0x00: consumer MEP level (low). l 0x01: consumer MEP level (medium). l 0x02: consumer MEP level (high). l 0x03: provider MEP level (low). l 0x04: provider MEP level (high). l 0x05: operator MEP level (low). l 0x06: operator MEP level (medium). l 0x07: operator MEP level (high).
NOTE Consumer indicates the customer, provider indicates the supplier, and operator indicates the carrier.

Parameter 9, Parameter 10 (RMEPID)

Indicate the ID of the remote MEP.

Impact on the System


l l The LB and LT detection functions of IEEE 802.1ag ETH-OAM are unavailable. The services among relevant standard MEPs may be interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The line between the local standard MEP and the remote standard MEP is interrupted. Cause 2: The Ethernet service in the maintenance association (MA) to which the local MEP belongs is faulty. Cause 3: Serious congestion occurs on the network.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line between the local standard MEP and the remote standard MEP is interrupted. (1) Check whether the physical links (such as cables or fibers) connecting the services at the MEPs of the two ends are correct. If... Then...

The connection is not correct Re-connect the cables to rectify the faults on physical links.
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If... The connection is correct

Then... Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: The Ethernet service in the maintenance association (MA) to which the local MEP belongs is faulty. (1) Check whether the Ethernet service in the maintenance association (MA) to which the local MEP belongs is configured correctly. If... Then...

The connection is not correct Modify the configuration of the Ethernet services to ensure consistency at both ends. The connection is correct Go to Cause 3.

Step 3 Cause 3: Serious congestion occurs on the network. (1) Check the utilization of bandwidth. If the bandwidth is exhausted, increase the bandwidth or eliminate the source that transmits a large amount of invalid data. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.34 ETH_CFM_RDI
Description
The ETH_CFM_RDI is an alarm indicating CCM packets with RDI received from the remote MEP. This alarm occurs when the system receives CCM packets with RDI from the remote MEP.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1, Parameter 2, Parameter 3, Parameter 4 (Port)
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Meaning Indicate the ID of the port that reports the alarm.

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Name Parameter 5, Parameter 6 (VLAN ID) Parameter 7 (Direction)

Meaning Indicate the VLAN ID of the MEP. Indicate the direction of the local MEP. l 0x00: The port is direction insensitive. l 0x01: The port is in the ingress direction. l 0x02: The port is in the egress direction.

Parameter 8 (Level)

Indicates the MD level of the local MEP. l 0x00:0x00: consumer MEP level (low). l 0x01: consumer MEP level (medium). l 0x02: consumer MEP level (high). l 0x03: provider MEP level (low). l 0x04: provider MEP level (high). l 0x05: operator MEP level (low). l 0x06: operator MEP level (medium). l 0x07: operator MEP level (high).
NOTE Consumer indicates the customer, provider indicates the supplier, and operator indicates the carrier.

Parameter 9, Parameter 10 (RMEPID)

Indicate the ID of the remote MEP.

Impact on the System


l l The LoopBack (LB) and LinkTrace (LT) detection functions of IEEE 802.1ag ETH-OAM are unavailable. The services among relevant standard MEPs may be interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The remote MEP fails to receive correct CCM packets. Cause 2: The software is reset or another software fault occurs at the remote MEP.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The remote MEP fails to receive correct CCM packets. (1) Determine the port that reports the alarm according to the alarm parameters. (2) Check whether the remote MEP that is connected to the port reports the ETH_CFM_LOC, ETH_CFM_MISMERGE, or ETH_CFM_UNEXPERI alarm. If... Any of the preceding alarms occurs No such alarms occur Then... Clear the alarm at the remote end. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: The software is reset or another software fault occurs at the remote MEP. (1) Check whether the equipment at the remote MEP is reset.
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If... The equipment is reset

Then... Rectify the fault and then end the alarm handling.

The alarm is not reported Perform a warm reset on the board where the remote MEP is located. For details, see 7.6.2 Warm Resetting. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.35 ETH_LOS
Description
The ETH_LOS is an alarm indicating the loss of Ethernet port connection.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by Ethernet port 1 of the board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 The values are always 0x00 0x01.

Impact on the System


When the ETH_LOS alarm occurs, the service at the port that reports the alarm is interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l
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Cause 1: The negotiation fails because the transmit port and receive port work in different modes. Cause 2: The link of electrical cable or optical fiber is faulty. Cause 3: The equipment is faulty.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The negotiation fails because the transmit port and receive port work in different modes. (1) Check whether the transmit port and receive port work in the same mode. If... Then...

The transmit port and receive port work Correctly set the working modes of the in different modes transmit port and receive port. The transmit port and receive port work Go to Cause 2. in the same mode Step 2 Cause 2: The link of electrical cable or optical fiber is faulty. (1) Check the network cable or optical fiber connected to the port that reports the alarm. If... The network cable is loose or damaged Then... Connect the network cable properly or replace the damaged network cable.

The connector of the fiber jumper is dirty Clean the connector. The connector is loosely connected or damaged The connection is normal Step 3 Cause 3: The equipment is faulty. (1) Check whether any fault occurs on the equipment interconnected with the port that reports the alarm. If... The equipment is faulty The equipment is normal ----End Then... Rectify the fault. Replace the alarmed board of the local site. Insert the connector properly or replace the damaged fiber jumper. Go to Cause 3.

Related Information
None.

A.2.36 ETHOAM_DISCOVER_FAIL
Description
The ETHOAM_DISCOVER_FAIL is an alarm indicating that the point-to-point Ethernet OAM negotiation fails. This alarm occurs when the OAM function is enabled at a port of a board and the negotiation between the port and the opposite equipment fails.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the port that reports the alarm.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 The values are always 0x00 0x01. Parameter 4 Indicates the reason why the negotiation fails. l 0x01: A fault occurs on the local receive link. l 0x02: The local end fails to transmit OAM packets. l 0x03: The OAM packets from the opposite end are not received. l 0x04: The OAM configuration of the opposite end does not meet the requirements of the local end. l 0x05: The OAM configuration of the local end does not meet the requirements of the opposite end. l 0x06-0xFF: Other unknown reasons.

Impact on the System


The OAM function based on IEEE802.3ah is unavailable.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The physical port of the local end is faulty. Cause 2: The P2P OAM protocol is not enabled at the opposite end. Cause 3: The OAM configuration at both ends is inconsistent.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The physical port of the local end is faulty. (1) Check whether the physical port is faulty. Replace the alarmed board. Step 2 Cause 2: The P2P OAM protocol is not enabled at the opposite end.
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(1) Enable the P2P OAM protocol at the opposite end. For details, see Enabling the OAM Auto-Discovery Function. Step 3 Cause 3: The OAM configuration at both ends is inconsistent. (1) Reconfigure the P2P OAM protocol and ensure the consistency at both ends. For details, see Enabling the OAM Auto-Discovery Function. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.37 ETHOAM_RMT_CRIT_FAULT
Description
The ETHOAM_RMT_CRIT_FAULT is an alarm indicating that a critical fault occurs regarding the point-to-point Ethernet OAM function at the remote end. This alarm occurs when a port with the OAM function enabled receives the OAM packets that contain critical fault information from the opposite end.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the port that reports the alarm.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 The values are always 0x00 0x01. Parameter 4 Indicates the type of the fault. l 0x01: A link fault occurs at the port of the opposite end. l 0x02: Irrecoverable problems such as power failure occur at the opposite end. l 0x03-0xFF: Other faults.

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Impact on the System


When the ETHOAM_RMT_CRIT_FAULT alarm occurs, the services on the link may be interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: A link fault occurs at the remote MEP. Cause 2: Irrecoverable problems such as power failure occur at the remote MEP. Cause 3: Other faults occur at the remote MEP.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the fault type according to Parameter 4 and handle the fault accordingly. If... The value of Parameter 4 is 0x01 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x02 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x03-0xFF, Step 2 Cause 1: A link fault occurs at the remote MEP. (1) Handle ETH_LOS and LINK_ERR of the remote port. Step 3 Cause 2: Irrecoverable problems such as power failure occur at the remote MEP. (1) Handle the problems such as power failure at the remote MEP. Step 4 Cause 3: Other faults occur at the remote MEP. (1) Contact Huawei technical support engineers. ----End Then... Go to Cause 1. Go to Cause 2. Go to Cause 3.

Related Information
None.

A.2.38 ETHOAM_RMT_LOOP
Description
The ETHOAM_RMT_LOOP is an alarm indicating that the point-to-point Ethernet OAM function detects a remote loopback. This alarm occurs when the local equipment initiates a remote loopback or responds to the remote loopback initiated by the opposite equipment.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

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Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the port that reports the alarm.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 The values are always 0x00 0x01. Parameter 4 l 0x01: The local equipment initiates a remote loopback. l 0x02: The local equipment responds to the remote loopback initiated by the opposite equipment.

Impact on the System


When the ETHOAM_RMT_LOOP alarm occurs, the services on the link are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The local end issues a loopback command and the opposite end responds to the command. Cause 2: The opposite end issues a loopback command and the local end responds to the command.

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the loopback is initiated by the local end or by the remote end. Step 2 Cause 1: The local end issues a loopback command and the opposite end responds to the command. (1) Determine the causes of the loopback at the local end and release the loopback. Step 3 Cause 2: The opposite end issues a loopback command and the local end responds to the command. (1) Determine the causes of the loopback at the opposite end and release the loopback. ----End

Related Information
None.

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A.2.39 ETHOAM_RMT_SD
Description
The ETHOAM_RMT_SD is an alarm indicating that the point-to-point Ethernet OAM function detects signal degradation at the remote end. This alarm occurs when a port with the OAM function enabled receives link event notification packets from the opposite end.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Parameter 4 Meaning Indicates the ID of the port that reports the alarm. The values are always 0x00 0x01. Indicates the type of the received link event: l 0x01: Errored frame event l 0x02: Errored frame period event l 0x03: Errored frame second event

Impact on the System


When the ETHOAM_RMT_SD alarm occurs, the performance of services degrade.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The link event notification function is enabled at the opposite end. Cause 2: The link performance thresholds of the opposite end are inappropriate. Cause 3: The link performance deteriorates.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The link event notification function is enabled at the opposite end. (1) Check whether the link event notification function is enabled at the opposite end.
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If... The link event notification function is enabled at the opposite end The link event notification function is disabled at the opposite end

Then... Disable the link event notification function at the opposite end. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: The link performance thresholds of the opposite end are inappropriate. (1) Check whether the link performance thresholds of the opposite end are appropriate. If... The link performance thresholds of the opposite end are inappropriate The link performance thresholds of the opposite end are appropriate Step 3 Cause 3: The link performance deteriorates. (1) Improve the link performance at the opposite end so that the opposite end does not send any link event packet to the local end. Then, the ETHOAM_RMT_SD alarm at the local end clears automatically. ----End Then... Set the thresholds to appropriate values. Go to Cause 3.

Related Information
None.

A.2.40 ETHOAM_SELF_LOOP
Description
The ETHOAM_SELF_LOOP is an alarm indicating the loopback of the MAC port that runs the point-to-point OAM protocol. This alarm occurs when the MAC port of a board receives the OAM protocol packets sent by the port or the board after the loopback detection function is enabled.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Environmental alarms

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Parameter 4

Meaning Indicates the port ID. The values are always 0x00 0x01. Indicates the loopback type. l 0x01: self-loop of the port. l 0x02: self-loop of the board. l 0x03-0xFF: unknown types.

Impact on the System


A network storm may occur owing to the loopback.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The cable connected to the port is self-looped, or the port is accessed to a LAN that has a loopback, or a PHY/MAC loopback is manually configured at the port. Cause 2: Two ports of the board are connected through cables or two ports of the board are accessed to the same LAN.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the loopback type according to Parameter 4, and then handle the loopback accordingly. If... The value of Parameter 4 is 0x01 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x02 Then... Go to Cause 1. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 1: The cable connected to the port is self-looped, or the port is accessed to a LAN that has a loopback, or a PHY/MAC loopback is manually configured at the port. If... The PHY/MAC loopback is manually configured at the port Then... Manually release the PHY/MAC loopback (or wait five minutes for the automatic release by the NMS). Then, the self-loop is released.

A self-loop is performed at the cables of the Reconnect the cables to release the self-loop. port The port is accessed to a LAN with a selfloop Release the loopback of the LAN, or disconnect the port from the LAN.

Step 3 Cause 2: Two ports of the board are connected through cables or two ports of the board are accessed to the same LAN. (1) Check whether two ports of the board are connected through cables or whether two ports of the board are accessed to the same LAN.
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If... The two ports are connected through cables The two ports are accessed to the same LAN ----End

Then... Disconnect the cables to release the selfloop. Disconnect a port from the LAN to release the self-loop.

Related Information
None.

A.2.41 ETHOAM_VCG_SELF_LOOP
Description
The ETHOAM_VCG_SELF_LOOP is an alarm indicating that the point-to-point OAM function detects a loopback at the VCTRUNK port. This alarm occurs when the loopback detection function is enabled and the VCTRUNK port receives the OAM protocol packets transmitted by the port itself or the board where the VCTRUNK port resides.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Environment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VCTRUNK port. Parameter 2 indicates the most significant bit (MSB) and Parameter 3 indicates the least significant bit (LSB). Parameter 4 Indicates the loopback type. l 0x01: The links connected to the port are configured into a loop. l 0x02: The links between board ports are configured into a loop. l 0x03-0xFF: unknown types.
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Impact on the System


When the ETHOAM_VCG_SELF_LOOP alarm occurs, a network storm may occur owing to the loopback.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: A loopback occurs on the lines connected to one VCTRUNK. Cause 2: The lines connected to two VCTRUNKs on the same board are interconnected.

Procedure
Step 1 Browse alarms on the NMS and determine the alarmed VCTRUNK according to Parameter 2. Then, determine the loopback type according to Parameter 4. If... The value of Parameter 4 is 0x01 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x02 Then... Go to Cause 1. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 1: A loopback occurs on the lines connected to one VCTRUNK. (1) Reconfigure the lines connected to the VCTRUNK port and ensure that the port is not selflooped. Step 3 Cause 2: The lines connected to two VCTRUNKs on the same board are interconnected. (1) Reconfigure the lines connected to the VCTRUNK ports and ensure that the lines connected to any two VCTRUNK ports on the same board are not interconnected. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.42 EX_ETHOAM_CC_LOS
Description
The EX_ETHOAM_CC_LOS is an alarm indicating the loss of periodic connectivity check (CC) packets. This alarm occurs when the sink MEP fails to receive CC packets from the same source MEP in a period (3.5 transmission periods of CC packets at the source MEP).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the
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following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the MEP that reports the alarm.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicates the number of the Ethernet port that reports the alarm. l Port number: 0x0001-0x0000 + MAX_ETH_PORT. l VCTRUNK port number: 0x8001-0x8000 + MAX_ETH_VCTRUNK.
NOTE l MAX_ETH_PORT indicates the maximum MAC port number supported by a board. l MAX_ETH_VCTRUNK indicates the maximum VCTRUNK port number supported by a board.

Parameter 4, Parameter 5 Indicate the service VLAN ID. l For a service with a VLAN tag, the VLAN ID ranges from 0x0000 to 0x0FFF. l For a service without any VLAN tag, the VLAN ID is 0xFFFF. Parameter 6 Indicates the maintenance domain level. l 0x00: consumer MEP level (high). l 0x01: consumer MEP level (medium). l 0x02: consumer MEP level (low). l 0x03: provider MEP level (high). l 0x04: provider MEP level (low). l 0x05: operator MEP level (high). l 0x06: operator MEP level (medium). l 0x07: operator MEP level (low).
NOTE Consumer indicates the customer, provider indicates the supplier, and operator indicates the carrier.

Parameter 7 Parameter 8

Indicates the source MEP ID of CC packets. Indicates the sink MEP ID of CC packets.
NOTE The sink MEP ID of CC packets is the ID of the MEP that reports the alarm. Parameter 1 and Parameter 8 indicate the same information.

Impact on the System


A unidirectional connectivity failure occurs in the Ethernet service between two MEPs.
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Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The line between two MEPs is interrupted. Cause 2: The Ethernet services in the MA to which the alarmed MEP belongs are faulty. Cause 3: The services between two MEPs are congested or interrupted.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line between two MEPs is interrupted. (1) Check whether the physical links (such as network cables or optical fibers) that carry services between the two MEPs are correctly connected. If... The physical links are incorrectly connected Then... Re-connect the cables to rectify the faults on physical links.

The physical links are correctly connected Go to Cause 2. Step 2 Cause 2: The Ethernet services in the MA to which the alarmed MEP belongs are faulty. (1) Check whether the Ethernet services in the MA to which the alarmed MEP belongs are configured correctly. If... The Ethernet services are configured incorrectly The Ethernet services are configured correctly Then... Change the configuration and ensure consistency at both ends. Go to Cause 3.

Step 3 Cause 3: The services between two MEPs are congested or interrupted. (1) Check the bandwidth utilization. If the bandwidth is exhausted, increase the bandwidth or eliminate any source that transmits a large amount of invalid data. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.43 EX_ETHOAM_MPID_CNFLCT
Description
The EX_ETHOAM_MPID_CNFLCT is an alarm indicating the conflict of MPIDs. This alarm occurs when two MEPs on one MD have the same maintenance point identity (MPID) and one MEP receives the packets from the other MEP.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Environment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the MPID associated with the alarm.

Parameters 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the number of the Ethernet port that reports the alarm. l MAC port number: 0x0001-0x0000 + MAX_ETH_PORT. l VCTRUNK port number: 0x8001-0x8000 + MAX_ETH_VCTRUNK.
NOTE l MAX_ETH_PORT indicates the maximum MAC port number supported by a board. l MAX_ETH_VCTRUNK indicates the maximum VCTRUNK port number supported by a board.

Parameters 4, Parameter 5 Indicate the service VLAN ID. l For a service with a VLAN tag, the VLAN ID ranges from 0x0000 to 0x0FFF. l For a service without any VLAN tag, the VLAN ID is 0xFFFF. Parameter 6 Indicates the maintenance domain level. l 0x00: Consumer MEP level (high). l 0x01: Consumer MEP level (middle). l 0x02: Consumer MEP level (low). l 0x03: Provider MEP level (high). l 0x04: Provider MEP level (low). l 0x05: Operator MEP level (high). l 0x06: Operator MEP level (medium). l 0x07: Operator MEP level (low).
NOTE Consumer indicates the customer, provider indicates the supplier, and operator indicates the carrier.

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Name Parameter 7

Meaning Indicates the ID of the local MEP.


NOTE The ID of the local MEP is the ID of the MEP that reports the alarm. Parameter 1 and Parameter 7 indicate the same information.

Impact on the System


MPIDs must be unique on a network. When the EX_ETHOAM_MPID_CNFLCT alarm occurs, the LB and LT functions are abnormal and OAM packets are received incorrectly.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: At least two MEPs in an MD have the same MPID.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: At least two MEPs in an MD have the same MPID. (1) Check this alarm on the NMS. Determine the associated MPID according to Parameter 1. (2) Query the information about the MEP. Delete the incorrect MEPs and create MEPs with unique MPIDs. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.44 EXT_SYNC_LOS
Description
The EXT_SYNC_LOS is an alarm of the loss of external clock sources.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name

Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the lost external clock source. For example, 0x01 indicates that external clock source 1 is lost.

Impact on the System


l When the EXT_SYNC_LOS alarm occurs, if only the external clock source and the internal clock source are configured in the clock source priority list, the NE traces the internal clock source after the external clock source is lost and enters the free-run state 24 hours later. If another valid clock source of higher priority and good quality is configured in the clock source priority list, however, the clock protection switching occurs.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The external clock source is configured in the clock source priority list, but the external clock source cannot be detected or become invalid.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The external clock source is configured in the clock source priority list, but the external clock source cannot be detected or become invalid. (1) Check whether the equipment that provides the external clock source is faulty. If... The equipment is faulty The equipment is normal Then... Rectify the fault. Go to the next step.

(2) Check whether the cable that connects the external clock source is normal. If... The cable is abnormal The cable is normal ----End Then... Replace the cable. Replace the PXC board.

Related Information
None.

A.2.45 F1PORT_FAILED
Description
The F1PORT_FAILED is an alarm indicating that synchronous data interfaces fail. This alarm occurs when the software configures data of synchronous data interfaces but the hardware of the SCC board does not support the data.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


When the F1PORT_FAILED alarm occurs, the service configuration for synchronous data interfaces is invalid.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The pluggable storage card installed on the SCC board stores the configuration data for synchronous data interfaces, but the hardware of the SCC board does not support any synchronous data interface.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The pluggable storage card installed on the SCC board stores the configuration data for synchronous data interfaces, but the hardware of the SCC board does not support any synchronous data interface. (1) Determine whether the data of synchronous data interfaces is necessary. If... The data is necessary Then... Go to the next step.

The data is unnecessary Delete the data of synchronous data interfaces through the NMS. (2) Use the SCC board of SL61 VER.C or a later version. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.46 FAN_FAIL
Description
The FAN_FAIL is an alarm indicating that the fan is faulty.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


When the FAN_FAIL alarm occurs, the heat dissipation of the system is affected.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The board and the backplane are connected incorrectly. Cause 2: The board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The board and the backplane are connected incorrectly. (1) Remove the fan board. Clean the dust on the fan and reinsert the fan board. If... The alarm clears after the board is removed and inserted The alarm persists after the board is removed and inserted Step 2 Cause 2: The board is faulty. (1) Replace the alarmed fan board. ----End Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.47 FCS_ERR
Description
The FCS_ERR is an alarm indicating the errors of frame check sequence (FCS). This alarm occurs when a board detects FCS errors in the received frames.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


When the FCS_ERR alarm occurs, if the encapsulation protocols or encapsulation parameters are inconsistent at both ends of Ethernet services, the services may have errors and even become interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The encapsulation protocols or encapsulation parameters are inconsistent at both ends of services. Cause 2: Service channels have errors. Cause 3: The board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The encapsulation protocols or encapsulation parameters are inconsistent at both ends of services. (1) Check whether the encapsulation protocols or encapsulation parameters are consistent at both ends of services. If... The protocols are inconsistent The protocols are consistent Step 2 Cause 2: Service channels have errors. (1) Check whether the encapsulation parameters are consistent at both ends of services. If... The parameters are inconsistent
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Then... Correct the configuration data. Go to the next step.

Then... Correct the configuration data.


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If... The parameters are consistent

Then... Go to the next step.

(2) Check whether any error alarm or performance event occurs on the line board that carries the services. If... Yes No Then... Handle the alarm or performance event. Go to the next step.

Step 3 Cause 3: The board is faulty. (1) Replace the alarmed board. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced ----End Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Replace the PXC board.

Related Information
None.

A.2.48 FLOW_OVER
Description
The FLOW_OVER is an alarm indicating that the data flow received by the Ethernet port exceeds the threshold.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the path that reports the alarm.


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Name

Meaning

Parameter 2 Indicates the ID of the subboard. Parameter 3 Indicates the port ID. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by Ethernet port 1 of the board.

Impact on the System


When the FLOW_OVER alarm occurs, the extra data may be discarded by the port.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The opposite end transmits excessive data flow.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The opposite end transmits excessive data flow. (1) Configure the QoS policies at the opposite end to reduce the data flow that the opposite end transmits to the local end. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.49 HARD_BAD
Description
The HARD_BAD is an alarm indicating hardware errors.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.

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Name

Meaning l 0x01: The power module is working abnormally. l 0x02: The board is installed improperly. l 0x03: 38 MHz system clock 1 is abnormal. l 0x04: 38 MHz system clock 2 is abnormal. l 0x05: 2 MHz clock source is abnormal. l 0x06: The digital phase-locked loop is abnormal. l 0x07: The 38 MHz service clock is lost. l 0x08: The bus is abnormal. l 0x09: The TPS protection board is abnormal. l 0x0A: The primary crystal oscillator stops oscillating. l 0x0B: The frequency offset of the primary crystal oscillator is excessive. l 0x0C: The secondary crystal oscillator stops oscillating. l 0x0D: The processor (CPU/DSP/coprocessor) is faulty. l 0x0E: The storage components are faulty. l 0x0F: The programmable logic device is faulty. l 0x10: The SDH components are faulty. l 0x11: The data communication components are faulty. l 0x12: The clock components are faulty. l 0x13: The interface components are faulty. l 0x14: The power components are faulty. l 0x15: Another fault occurs. l 0x16: The analog phase-locked loop is abnormal. l 0x17: The 32 MHz clock is unavailable. l 0x18: The 66 MHz clock is unavailable. l 0x19: The 25 MHz clock is unavailable.

Parameter 1 Indicates the cause of the fault.

Impact on the System


The board that reports the alarm fails to work. If the board is configured with 1+1 protection, the protection switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The board and backplane are connected improperly. Cause 2 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The board is faulty. Cause 3 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The slot is faulty.

Cause of the alarm reported by a board of the ODU: The ODU is faulty.

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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The board and backplane are connected improperly. (1) Remove and insert the alarmed board. For details, see 6.1 Removing a Board and 6.2 Inserting a Board. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm disappears after the board is removed and inserted The alarm persists after the board is replaced Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Ensure that the board is normal.

Step 2 Cause 2 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The board is faulty. (1) Check whether the IDU is properly grounded. (2) Replace the board that reports the alarm, and then check whether the alarm clears. For details, see 6 Part Replacement. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Ensure that the slot is normal.

Step 3 Cause 3 of the alarm reported by a board of the IDU: The slot is faulty. (1) Contact Huawei engineers to handle the faulty slot.
TIP

The slot becomes faulty due to broken pins or bent pins. Remove the board, and use a torch to observe whether there is any broken pin or bent pin.

(2) If an idle slot is available, insert the board in the idle slot and add the board on the NMS again. Then, the board can work normally. Step 4 Cause of the alarm reported by a board of the ODU: The ODU is faulty. (1) Replace the ODU that reports the alarm. For details, see 6.12 Replacing an ODU. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.50 HP_CROSSTR
Description
The HP_CROSSTR is an alarm indicating a threshold-crossing event of the higher order path. This alarm occurs when a board detects any threshold-crossing event of the higher order path.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the performance monitoring period. l 0x01: 15 minutes l 0x02: 24 hours Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the performance event that causes the alarm.

Impact on the System


When the HP_CROSSTR alarm occurs, a large number of errors occur in services, and services may be interrupted.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: Higher order path errors cross the preset threshold.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Higher order path errors cross the preset threshold. (1) Check the threshold-crossing records to find out the performance event that causes the alarm. For details, see 7.3.8 Browsing the Performance Event Threshold-Crossing Records. (2) Handle the threshold-crossing performance event. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.51 HP_LOM
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Description
The HP_LOM is an alarm of the loss of the higher order path multiframe. This alarm occurs when the board detects that byte H4 is inconsistent with the expected multiframe sequence.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicates the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by path 1 of the SDH signal.

Impact on the System


When the HP_LOM alarm occurs, the service on the path that reports the alarm is interrupted. If the service is configured with protection, the protection switching is also triggered.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. Cause 2: The receive unit of the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. (1) Replace the line board or IF board of the opposite site. For details, see 6 Part Replacement. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm clears The alarm persists Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Replace the PXC board of the local site.

Step 2 Cause 2: The receive unit of the local site is faulty.


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(1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. For details, see 6 Part Replacement. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.52 HP_RDI
Description
The HP_RDI is an alarm indicating a remote defect in the higher order path. This alarm occurs when the board detects that bit 5 of byte G1 is 1.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the SDH signal.

Impact on the System


When the HP_RDI occurs, the service at the local site is not affected. The service received by the opposite site, however, is interrupted.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The local site detects the message that is returned by the opposite site and indicates the higher order path remote receive failure.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The local site detects the message that is returned by the opposite site and indicates the higher order path remote receive failure.
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(1) Determine the AU-4 path that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. (2) Clear the alarms such as HP_LOM and B3_EXC that the AU-4 path reports at the opposite site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.53 HP_REI
Description
The HP_REI is an alarm indicating the higher order path remote error. This alarm occurs when the board detects that bits 1-4 of byte G1 take a value from 1 to 8.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Warning Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the SDH signal.

Impact on the System


The service at the local site is not affected. The service received by the opposite site, however, has errors.

Possible Causes
The local site detects the message that is returned by the opposite site and indicates the higher order path remote errors.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The local site detects the message that is returned by the opposite site and indicates the higher order path remote receive failure. (1) Determine the AU-4 path that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. (2) Handle the HP_BBE performance event that the AU-4 path reports on the opposite NE. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.54 HP_SLM
Description
The HP_SLM is an alarm indicating signal label mismatch in the higher order path. This alarm occurs when the board detects the C2 byte mismatch.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the SDH signal.

Impact on the System


None.

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Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The receivable C2 byte at the local site does not match with the C2 byte transmitted at the opposite site. Cause 2: Configuration data is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the line port and AU-4 path that report the alarm based on the alarm parameter. Step 2 Cause 1: The receivable C2 byte at the local site does not match with the C2 byte transmitted at the opposite site. (1) Configure the same service type at the source and sink of the AU-4 path. For details, see Configuring VC-4 POHs. Step 3 Cause 2: Configuration data is incorrect. (1) If the port that reports the alarm is the SDH port that is interconnected with the ATM/ Ethernet equipment, configure the service as VC-4 pass-through service. For details, see Creating Cross-Connections for SNCP Services. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.55 HP_TIM
Description
The HP_TIM is an alarm indicating that the higher order path trace identifier is mismatched. This alarm occurs when the board detects the J1 byte mismatch.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.
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Name

Meaning

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the SDH signal.

Impact on the System


If the service is configured with the protection that considers the HP_TIM alarm as a trigger condition, the protection switching is triggered.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: the J1 byte to be received at the local site does not match the J1 byte transmitted at the opposite site. Cause 2: Configuration data is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the line port and AU-4 path that report the alarm based on the alarm parameter. Step 2 Cause 1: The J1 byte to be received at the local site does not match the J1 byte transmitted at the opposite site. (1) Disable the J1 byte to be received at the local site or set the J1 byte to be received at the local site to the same as the transmitted J1 byte at the opposite site. For details, see Configuring VC-4 POHs. Step 3 Cause 2: Configuration data is incorrect. (1) If the port that reports the alarm is the SDH port that is interconnected with the ATM/ Ethernet equipment, configure the service as VC-4 pass-through service. For details, see Creating Cross-Connections of Point-to-Point Services or Creating Cross-Connections for SNCP Services. If... Then...

The alarm clears after the configuration is The fault is rectified. End the alarm changed handling. The alarm persists after the configuration is changed Go to the next step.

(2) Check whether the cross-connections are configured correctly at the intermediate nodes where the service travels. If not, reconfigure the cross-connections. For details, see Creating Cross-Connections of Point-to-Point Services or Creating Cross-Connections for SNCP Services. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.56 HP_UNEQ
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Description
The HP_UNEQ is an alarm indicating the unequipped higher order path. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the C2 byte is 0.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the SDH signal.

Impact on the System


When the HP_UNEQ alarm occurs, the service in the AU-4 path that reports the alarm is unavailable. If the service is configured with the protection that considers the alarm as a trigger condition, the protection switching is triggered.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The line port at the local site is configured with services, but the corresponding line port at the opposite site is not configured with services. Cause 2: The C2 byte on the opposite end is set to 0.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The line port at the local site is configured with services, but the corresponding line port at the opposite site is not configured with services. (1) Configure line services at the opposite site. For details, see Creating Cross-Connections of Point-to-Point Services or Creating Cross-Connections for SNCP Services. Step 2 Cause 2: The C2 byte at the opposite site is set to 0. (1) Change the setting of the C2 byte. For details, see Configuring VC-4 POHs. ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.57 HPAD_CROSSTR
Description
The HPAD_CROSSTR is an alarm indicating that the higher order path adaptation performance crosses the threshold. This alarm occurs when a board detects that the performance event of TU pointer justification crosses the preset threshold.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. Parameter 4, Parameter 5 l The higher two bits of Parameter 4 indicate the performance monitoring period (01 for 15 minutes, and 02 for 24 hours). l The lower six bits of Parameter 4 and Parameter 5 indicate the ID of a performance event.

Impact on the System


When the HPAD_CROSSTR alarm occurs, bit errors may occur in the service.

Possible Causes
The performance event of TU pointer justification crosses the preset threshold.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The performance event of TU pointer justification crosses the preset threshold.
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(1) Check the threshold crossing records to find out the performance event of TU pointer justification that crosses the preset threshold. For details, see 7.3.8 Browsing the Performance Event Threshold-Crossing Records. (2) Handle the threshold-crossing performance event. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.58 IF_CABLE_OPEN
Description
The IF_CABLE_OPEN is an alarm indicating that the IF cable is open-circuited.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the IF port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by IF port 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


The services on the IF port are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The IF cable is loose or faulty. Cause 2: The IF port of the IF board is damaged. Cause 3: The power module of the ODU is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The IF cable is loose or faulty. Check whether the connector of the IF cable is loose or whether the connector is not made properly.
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(1) Check whether the connector of the IF cable is loose or whether the connector is not made properly. The connectors to be checked include the connector between the IF fiber jumper and the IF board, the connector between the IF fiber jumper and the IF cable, and the connector between the IF cable and the ODU. If... The connector is loose The connector is not made properly None of the above Then... Connect the connector tightly. Make a new IF cable connector. Go to the next step.

(2) Check whether the surface of the IF fiber jumper and the IF cable is damaged, and test the connectivity between the IF fiber jumper and the IF cable. For details, see Testing the connectivity between cables. If... The cable does not meet the specified requirement The cable meets the specified requirement Then... Replace the cable with a proper one. Go to Cause 2 or Cause 3.

Step 2 Cause 2: The IF port of the IF board is damaged. (1) Replace the IF board that reports the alarm. Step 3 Cause 3: The power module of the ODU is faulty. (1) Replace the ODU connected to the IF board that reports the alarm. ----End

Related Information
NOTE

When rectifying the faults on the IF cable, IF port, and ODU, you must turn off the ODU before the operation. You can turn on the ODU only after the operation is complete.

A.2.59 IF_INPWR_ABN
Description
The IF_INPWR_ABN is an alarm indicating that the input IF power of the ODU is abnormal.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

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Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning l 0x01: Indicates that the input power of the ODU is over high. l 0x02: Indicates that the input power of the ODU is over low.

Impact on the System


The services on the ODU are interrupted. If 1+1 protection is configured, 1+1 HSB switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The IF board is faulty. Cause 2: The IF cable is faulty. Cause 3: The ODU is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The IF board is faulty. (1) Reseat the board. For details, see 6.1 Removing a Board or 6.2 Inserting a Board. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm clears The alarm persists Then... End the alarm handling. Go to the next step.

(2) Replace the IF board connected to the ODU that reports the alarm. Step 2 Cause 2: The IF cable is faulty. (1) Check whether the connector of the IF cable is loose or whether the connector is not made properly. The connectors to be checked include the connector between the IF fiber jumper and the IF board, the connector between the IF fiber jumper and the IF cable, and the connector between the IF cable and the ODU. If... The connector is loose Then... Connect the connector tightly.

The connector is not made properly Terminating the IF Cable with Connectors again. None of the above
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Go to the next step.


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(2) Check whether the surface of the IF fiber jumper and the IF cable is damaged or deformed, and test the connectivity between the IF fiber jumper and the IF cable. For details, see Testing the Connectivity of the IF Cable. If... The cable does not meet the specified requirement The cable meets the specified requirement Step 3 Cause 3: The ODU is faulty. (1) Replace the ODU that reports the alarm. ----End Then... Replace the cable with a proper one. The IF board or ODU may be faulty.

Related Information
The number of the logical slot for the ODU is the slot number of the IF board connected to the ODU plus 10.

A.2.60 IF_MODE_UNSUPPORTED
Description
The IF_MODE_UNSUPPORTED is an alarm indicating that the configured IF working mode is not supported. This alarm occurs when the board is not loaded with the FPGA file that supports the configured IF working mode.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the number of the FPGA file that is loaded to the board. l 0x01: Indicates that the ID of the FPGA file loaded to the board is 250. l 0x02: Indicates that the ID of the FPGA file loaded to the board is 002.

Impact on the System


The services on the IF port are interrupted.
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Possible Causes
The board is not loaded with the FPGA file that supports the configured IF working mode, or the FPGA file that supports the configured IF working mode is damaged.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The board is not loaded with the FPGA file that supports the configured IF working mode, or the FPGA file that supports the configured IF working mode is damaged. (1) Contact Huawei engineers to upgrade the board software and the FPGA file. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.61 IN_PWR_HIGH
Description
The IN_PWR_HIGH is an alarm indicating that the input optical power is over high.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the optical interface that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by optical interface 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


The service at the optical interface that reports the alarm has errors.

Possible Causes
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Cause 1: The transmit power of the opposite site is over high. Cause 2: The model of the selected optical module is incorrect.
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Cause 3: The optical module at the receive end is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the optical interface that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. Step 2 Cause 1: The transmit power of the opposite site is over high. (1) Browse current performance events, and query the performance events of the transmit optical power on the opposite NE. If... Then...

The transmit optical power does not meet Contact Huawei engineers to replace the the requirement optical module. The transmit optical power meets the requirement Add a proper attenuator to reduce the received optical power.

Step 3 Cause 2: The model of the selected optical module is incorrect. (1) Query the board manufacturing information report, and check whether the models of the SFP optical modules on both ends are proper. If... The models are incorrect The models are correct Then... Contact Huawei engineers to replace the optical module. Go to Cause 3.

Step 4 Cause 3: The optical module at the receive end is faulty. (1) Use the optical power meter to test the received optical power, and check whether the received optical power meets the requirement. If not, contact Huawei engineers to replace the optical module. ----End

Related Information
The optical power threshold set for the IN_PWR_HIGH alarm is lower than the overload point. SDH Interface Performance.

A.2.62 IN_PWR_LOW
Description
The IN_PWR_LOW is an alarm indicating that the input optical power is over low.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical
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Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the optical interface that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by optical interface 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


When the IN_PWR_LOW alarm occurs, the service at the optical interface that reports the alarm has errors.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: The transmit power of the opposite site is over low. Cause 2: The model of the selected optical module is incorrect. Cause 3: The optical module at the receive end is faulty. Cause 4: The optical fiber performance degrades.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the optical interface that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. Step 2 Cause 1: The transmit power of the opposite site is over low. (1) Browse current performance events, and query the performance events of the transmit optical power at the opposite site. If... Then...

The transmit optical power does not meet Contact Huawei engineers to replace the the requirement optical module. The transmit optical power meets the requirement Go to Cause 2.

Step 3 Cause 2: The model of the selected optical module is incorrect. (1) Query the board manufacturing information report, and check whether the models of the SFP optical modules on both ends are proper. If... The models are incorrect The models are correct Then... Contact Huawei engineers to replace the optical module. Go to Cause 3.

Step 4 Cause 3: The optical module at the receive end is faulty. (1) Use the optical power meter to test the received optical power, and check whether the received optical power meets the requirement.
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If... The received optical power meets the requirement The received optical power does not meet the requirement Step 5 Cause 4: The optical fiber performance degrades. (1) Cleaning Fiber Connectors and Adapters. If... The alarm clears after the connector is cleaned The alarm persists after the connector is cleaned ----End

Then... Contact Huawei engineers to replace the optical module. Go to Cause 4.

Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Replace the optical fiber.

Related Information
The optical power threshold set for the IN_PWR_LOW alarm is higher than the sensitivity point. SDH Interface Performance.

A.2.63 J0_MM
Description
The J0_MM is an alarm indicating that the trace identifier is mismatched. This alarm occurs when the board detects a mismatch between the J0 bytes at both ends.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.
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Name

Meaning

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the path ID.

Impact on the System


None.

Possible Causes
The J0 byte to be received at the local site does not match the J0 byte transmitted at the opposite site.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The J0 byte to be received at the local site does not match the J0 byte transmitted at the opposite site. (1) Determine the line port that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameters. (2) Disable the J0 byte to be received at the local site. For details, see Configuring RSOHs. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.64 K1_K2_M
Description
The K1_K2_M is an alarm indicating the K1/K2 byte mismatch. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the channel numbers that are indicated by the transmitted K1 byte (bits 5-8) and the received K2 byte (bits 1-4) are different.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name

Meaning l 0x01: Indicates linear MSP. l 0x02: Indicates ring MSP.

Parameter 1 Indicates the type of the protection group.

Parameter 2 Indicates the ID of the protection group that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by protection group 1.

Impact on the System


When the K1_K2_M alarm occurs, the MSP protocol may fail and thus the protection switching may fail.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The switching modes configured at both ends are different, that is, single-ended switching mode at one end and dual-ended switching mode at the other end. Cause 2: The optical fiber connection is incorrect. Cause 3: The board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The switching modes configured at both ends are different, that is, single-ended switching mode at one end and dual-ended switching mode at the other end. (1) Check whether the switching modes configured at both ends are the same. For details, see Querying the Status of Linear MSP. If... The switching modes configured at both ends are different The switching modes configured at both ends are the same Step 2 Cause 2: The optical fiber connection is incorrect. (1) Check whether the optical fiber connection is correct. For example, the optical fiber at the receive or transmit port may be incorrectly connected, or disconnected. If... The connection is not correct The connection is correct Step 3 Cause 3: The board is faulty. (1) Replace the line board at the opposite site. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Yes
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Then... Set the switching modes to the same. Go to Cause 2.

Then... Connect the optical fiber properly. Go to Cause 3.

Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling.


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If... No ----End

Then... Replace the board that reports the alarm.

Related Information
None.

A.2.65 K2_M
Description
The K2_M is an alarm indicating the K2 byte mismatch. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the protection mode indicated by the received K2 (bit 5) is different from the protection mode of the local NE.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning l 0x01: Indicates linear MSP. l 0x02: Indicates ring MSP. Parameter 2 Indicates the ID of the protection group that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by protection group 1.

Parameter 1 Indicates the type of the protection group.

Impact on the System


When the K2_M alarm occurs, the MSP protocol may fail and thus the protection switching may fail.

Possible Causes
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Cause 1: Two NEs of the linear MSP group are configured with different protection modes (1+1 or 1:N). Cause 2: The MSP protocol is stopped when the protection switching occurs.
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l l

Cause 3: The optical fiber connection is incorrect. Cause 4: The board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Two NEs of the linear MSP group are configured with different protection modes (1 +1 or 1:N). (1) Check whether two NEs of the linear MSP group are configured with different protection modes (1+1 or 1:1). For details, see Querying the Status of Linear MSP. If... The protection modes are different The protection modes are the same Then... Set the protection modes to the same. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: The MSP protocol is stopped on the opposite NE when the protection switching occurs. (1) Check whether the MSP protocol is stopped on the opposite NE. For details, see Querying the Status of Linear MSP. If... Then... Yes Restart the MSP protocol on the opposite NE. For details, see Starting/Stopping the Linear MSP Protocol. No Go to Cause 3. Step 3 Cause 3: The optical fiber connection is incorrect. (1) Check whether the optical fiber connection is correct. For example, the optical fiber at the receive or transmit port may be incorrectly connected, or disconnected. If... The connection is not correct The connection is correct Step 4 Cause 4: The board is faulty. (1) Replace the line board at the opposite site. For details, see 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board or 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... Then... Yes The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. No Replace the SCC board that reports the alarm. For details, see 6.10 Replacing the SCC Board. ----End Then... Connect the optical fiber properly. Go to Cause 4.

Related Information
None.
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A.2.66 LAG_PORT_FAIL
Description
The LAG_PORT_FAIL is an alarm indicating that a port in the LAG of the Ethernet fails. This alarm occurs when a port in the LAG is unavailable.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Parameter 4 Meaning Indicates the ID of the IP port. The values are always 0x00 0x01. Indicates the cause of the protection failure. l 0x01: Indicates that the link of the port is faulty or fails. l 0x02: Indicates that the port is in half-duplex mode. l 0x03: Indicates that the port fails to receive LACP packets. l 0x04: Indicates that the port detects a self-loop. l 0x05: Indicates other unknown reasons. Parameter 5 The value is always 0xff.

Impact on the System


The port in the LAG cannot share the service load, or the port does not transmit or receive any services.

Possible Causes
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Cause 1: The port is disabled or the link is faulty. Cause 2: The port is in the half-duplex mode. Cause 3: The port fails to receive LACP packets. Cause 4: The port detects a self-loop.
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Cause 5: other unknown reasons.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the port where the alarm occurs and the alarm cause based on the alarm parameter. If... The value of Parameter 4 is 0x01 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x02 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x03 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x04 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x05 Step 2 Cause 1: The port is disabled or the link is faulty. (1) On the NMS, check whether the port in the LAG is enabled. If... Then... Then... Go to Cause 1. Go to Cause 2. Go to Cause 3. Go to Cause 4. Go to Cause 5.

The port is not enabled Enable the port in the LAG group. The port is enabled Check the link state of each port. If any link is faulty, rectify the fault.

Step 3 Cause 2: The port is in the half-duplex mode. (1) On the NMS, check the working mode of the port in the LAG group. If the port is in halfduplex mode, change the working mode of the port into full-duplex. Step 4 Cause 3: The port fails to receive the LACP packets. (1) On the NMS, check whether the LAG group is properly configured on the opposite end. If... The LAG group is not properly configured The LAG group is properly configured Then... Reconfigure the LAG group. Go to the next step.

(2) Check whether the local port and the remote port transmit the LACP packets. If the LACP packets are not transmitted, configure the ports at both ends to ensure that the packets can be normally transmitted. Step 5 Cause 4: The port detects a self-loop. (1) Release the self-loop of the port. Step 6 Cause 5: other unknown reasons (1) Contact Huawei engineers to handle the fault. ----End

Related Information
None.
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A.2.67 LAG_VC_PORT_FAIL
Description
The LAG_VC_PORT_FAIL is an alarm indicating that a VCG port in the LAG fails. This alarm occurs when the VCTRUNK is unavailable.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the number of the faulty VCG port in the LAG. Parameter 2 indicates the most significant bit (MSB) and Parameter 3 indicates the least significant bit (LSB). Parameter 4 Indicates the cause of the protection failure. l 0x01: Indicates that the link of the port is faulty or fails. l 0x03: Indicates that the port fails to receive the LACP packets. l 0x04: Indicates that the links of the port are configured into a loop. l 0x05: Other unknown reasons. Parameter 5 The value is always 0xff.

Impact on the System


The port in the LAG cannot share the service load, and the port does not transmit or receive any services.

Possible Causes
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Cause 1: The link of the port is faulty or fails. Cause 2: The port fails to receive the LACP packets.
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l l

Cause 3: The port detects a self-loop. Cause 4: other unknown reasons.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the port where the alarm occurs and the alarm cause based on the alarm parameter. If... The value of Parameter 4 is 0x01 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x03 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x04 The value of Parameter 4 is 0x05 Step 2 Cause 1: The port is disabled or the link is faulty. (1) Check the link state of each port. If any link is faulty, rectify the fault. Step 3 Cause 2: The port fails to receive the LACP packets. (1) On the NMS, check whether the LAG group is properly configured on the opposite end. If... The LAG group is not properly configured The LAG group is properly configured Then... Reconfigure the LAG group. Go to the next step. Then... Go to Cause 1. Go to Cause 2. Go to Cause 3. Go to Cause 4.

(2) Check whether the local port and the remote port transmit the LACP packets. If the LACP packets are not transmitted, configure the ports at both ends to ensure that the packets can be normally transmitted. Step 4 Cause 3: The port detects a self-loop. (1) Release the self-loop of the port. Step 5 Cause 4: other unknown reasons. (1) Contact Huawei engineers to handle the fault. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.68 LASER_CLOSED
Description
The LASER_CLOSED is an alarm indicating that the laser is shut down. This alarm occurs when the laser is shut down by using the NMS.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the optical interface that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by optical interface 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


The optical interface fails to carry services.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The laser on the local NE is shut down by using the NMS.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The laser on the local NE is shut down by using the NMS. (1) Determine the optical interface that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. (2) Find out the cause of shutting down the laser and start up the laser as soon as possible. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.69 LASER_MOD_ERR_EX
Description
The LASER_MOD_ERR is an alarm indicating that the type of the pluggable optical module on the board does not match the type of the optical interface.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the optical interface that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by optical interface 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


When the LASER_MOD_ERR_EX alarm occurs, the performance of the optical interface degrades and serious degradation even causes service interruption.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The optical module installed at the optical interface does not match the rate of the optical interface. Cause 2: The optical module is faulty. Cause 3: The board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The optical module installed at the optical interface does not match the rate of the optical interface. (1) Check whether the optical module installed at the optical interface matches the rate of the optical interface. For details, see 7.4.2 Querying a Board Manufacture Information Report. If... The optical module does not match the rate of the optical interface The optical module matches the rate of the optical interface Step 2 Cause 2: The optical module is faulty. (1) Contact Huawei engineers to replace the faulty optical module.
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Then... Contact Huawei engineers to replace the optical module with one that matches the rate of the optical interface. Go to Cause 2.

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If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the optical module is replaced Step 3 Cause 3: The board is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End

Then... End the alarm handling. Go to Cause 3.

Related Information
None.

A.2.70 LCAS_FOPR
Description
The LCAS_FOPR is an alarm indicating that the Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme (LCAS) protocol in the transmit direction fails. This alarm occurs when the source end of the LCAS module detects an abnormally that the LCAS negotiation is unavailable or incorrect.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VCTRUNK that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VCTRUNK 1.

Impact on the System


The Ethernet service is not normal.

Possible Causes
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Cause 1: Configuration data of the LCAS protocol is incorrect.


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Cause 2: The link is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data of the LCAS protocol is incorrect. (1) Check whether the LCAS enable state and the LCAS parameters are the same at both ends of the link. If... The LCAS enable state and the LCAS parameters are not the same The LCAS enable state and the LCAS parameters are the same Then... Properly enable the LCAS protocol at both ends. Go to Cause 2.

(2) Check whether the configurations of the local and opposite NEs are correct. That is, check whether a VCG at one NE is connected to multiple VCGs at the opposite NE. If... Then...

The configurations of the local and opposite NEs are Correct the configuration data. incorrect The configurations of the local and opposite NEs are Go to Cause 2. correct Step 2 Cause 2: The link is faulty. (1) Check whether the link where the service travels has errors or becomes faulty. If... The link is faulty The link is not faulty Then... Rectify the fault. Go to the next step.

(2) Restart the LCAS protocol at both ends. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm clears The alarm persists ----End Then... End the alarm handling. Replace the board that reports the alarm.

Related Information
None.

A.2.71 LCAS_FOPT
Description
The LCAS_FOPT is an alarm indicating that the LCAS protocol in the transmit direction fails. This alarm occurs if the transmit unit of the LCAS module of a board detects an abnormal state in which the LCAS might fail to negotiate or cannot negotiate correctly.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VCTRUNK that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VCTRUNK 1.

Impact on the System


The Ethernet service is not normal.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: Configuration data of the LCAS protocol is incorrect. Cause 2: The link is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data of the LCAS protocol is incorrect. (1) Check whether the LCAS enable state and the LCAS parameters are the same at both ends of the link. If... The LCAS enable state and the LCAS parameters are different The LCAS enable state and the LCAS parameters are the same Then... Properly enable the LCAS protocol at both ends. Go to Cause 2.

(2) Check whether configurations of the local and opposite NEs are correct. That is, check whether a VCG at one NE is connected to multiple VCGs at the opposite NE. If... Then...

The configurations of the local and opposite NEs are Correct the configuration data. incorrect
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If...

Then...

The configurations of the local and opposite NEs are Go to Cause 2. correct Step 2 Cause 2: The link is faulty. (1) Check whether the link where the service travels has errors or become faulty. If... The link is faulty The link is not faulty Then... Rectify the fault. Go to the next step.

(2) Restart the LCAS protocol at both ends. Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm clears The alarm persists ----End Then... End the alarm handling. Replace the board that reports the alarm.

Related Information
None.

A.2.72 LCAS_PLCR
Description
The LCAS_PLCR is an alarm indicating that a part of the LCAS bandwidth in the receive direction is lost. This alarm occurs when a board detects that the number of paths that carry the overloads in the receive direction of the VCTRUNK with the LCAS enabled is less than the preset number and is not zero.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1
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Meaning The value is always 0x01.


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Name

Meaning

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VCTRUNK that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VCTRUNK 1.

Impact on the System


The available Ethernet service bandwidth is smaller than the configured bandwidth.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The number of paths or timeslots that are configured for the VCTRUNK at the remote site is different from that at the local site. Cause 2: Some paths in the transmit direction of the remote site are faulty. Cause 3: Some paths in the receive direction of the local site are faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The number of paths or timeslots that are configured for the VCTRUNK at the remote site is different from that at the local site. (1) Check whether the VCTRUNKs at both ends are configured with the same number of physical paths and timeslots. If... The VCTRUNKs at both ends are configured with a different number of physical paths and timeslots The VCTRUNKs at both ends are configured with the same number of physical paths and timeslots Then... Correct the configuration data. For details, see Dynamically Increasing/Decreasing the VCTRUNK Bandwidth. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: Some paths in the transmit direction of the remote site are faulty. (1) Check whether any path alarm exists in the transmit direction of the remote site. If... The alarm is reported No alarm is reported Then... Clear the alarm immediately. Go to Cause 3.

Step 3 Cause 3: Some paths in the receive direction of the local site are faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.73 LCAS_PLCT
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Description
The LCAS_PLCT is an alarm indicating that part of the LCAS bandwidth in the transmit direction is lost. This alarm occurs when a board detects that the number of paths that carry the overloads in the transmit direction of the VCTRUNK with the LCAS enabled is less than the preset number and is not zero.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VCTRUNK that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VCTRUNK 1.

Impact on the System


The available Ethernet service bandwidth is smaller than the configured bandwidth.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The number of paths or timeslots that are configured for the VCTRUNK at the remote site is different from that at the local site. Cause 2: Some paths in the receive direction of the remote site are faulty. Cause 3: Some paths in the transmit direction of the local site are faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The number of paths or timeslots that are configured for the VCTRUNK at the remote site is different from that at the local site. (1) Check whether the sink and source VCTRUNKs are bound with the same number of physical paths or bound with the same timeslots.

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If... The sink and source VCTRUNKs are bound with the different number of physical paths or bound with the different timeslots

Then... Correct the configuration data. For details, see Dynamically Increasing/Decreasing the VCTRUNK Bandwidth.

The sink and source VCTRUNKs are Go to Cause 2. bound with the same number of physical paths or bound with the same timeslots Step 2 Cause 2: Some paths in the receive direction of the remote site are faulty. (1) Check whether any path alarm exists in the receive direction of the remote site. If... The alarm is reported No alarm is reported Then... Clear the alarm immediately. Go to the next step.

Step 3 Cause 3: Some paths in the transmit direction of the local site are faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.74 LCAS_TLCR
Description
The LCAS_TLCR is an alarm indicating that all the LCAS bandwidth in the receive direction is lost. This alarm occurs when no path in the receive direction of the VCTRUNK with LCAS enabled carries the overload but paths are configured to carry the overload.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name Parameter 1

Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VCTRUNK that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VCTRUNK 1.

Impact on the System


The Ethernet service is interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The number of paths or timeslots that are configured for the VCTRUNK at the remote site is different from that at the local site. Cause 2: Some paths in the transmit direction of the remote site are faulty. Cause 3: Some paths in the receive direction of the local site are faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The number of paths or timeslots that are configured for the VCTRUNK at the remote site is different from that at the local site. (1) Check whether the VCTRUNKs at both ends are configured with the same number of physical paths and timeslots. If... The VCTRUNKs at both ends are configured with a different number of physical paths and timeslots The VCTRUNKs at both ends are configured with the same number of physical paths and timeslots Then... Correct the configuration data. For details, see Dynamically Increasing/Decreasing the VCTRUNK Bandwidth. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: Some paths in the transmit direction of the remote site are faulty. (1) Check whether any path alarm exists in the transmit direction of the remote site. If... The alarm is reported No alarm is reported Then... Clear the alarm immediately. Go to Cause 3.

Step 3 Cause 3: Some paths in the receive direction of the local site are faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.
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A.2.75 LCAS_TLCT
Description
The LCAS_TLCT is an alarm indicating that all the LCAS bandwidth in the transmit direction is lost. This alarm occurs when no path in the transmit direction of the VCTRUNK with LCAS enabled carries the overload but paths are configured to carry the overload.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VCTRUNK that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VCTRUNK 1.

Impact on the System


The Ethernet service is interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The number of paths or timeslots that are configured for the VCTRUNK at the remote site is different from that at the local site. Cause 2: Some paths in the receive direction of the remote site are faulty. Cause 3: Some paths in the transmit direction of the local site are faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The number of paths or timeslots that are configured for the VCTRUNK at the remote site is different from that at the local site. (1) Check whether the sink and source VCTRUNKs are bound with the same number of physical paths or bound with the same timeslots.

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If... The sink and source VCTRUNKs are bound with a different number of physical paths or bound with different timeslots

Then... Correct the configuration data. For details, see Dynamically Increasing/Decreasing the VCTRUNK Bandwidth.

The sink and source VCTRUNKs are Go to Cause 2. bound with the same number of physical paths or bound with the same timeslots Step 2 Cause 2: Some paths in the receive direction of the remote site are faulty. (1) Check whether any path alarm exists in the receive direction of the remote site. If... The alarm is reported No alarm is reported Then... Clear the alarm immediately. Go to the next step.

Step 3 Cause 3: Some paths in the transmit direction of the local site are faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.76 LCS_LIMITED
Description
The LCS_LIMITED is an alarm indicating that the capacity of the microwave services configured for an NE crosses the limit specified in the license file.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.

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Name

Meaning

Parameter 0 Indicates the type of the license alarm. l 0x01 indicate the service capacity exceeds the license limit. l 0x02 indicate the AM license is not loaded. l 0x03 indicate that in the IF protection group, the licensed bandwidth on the protection port is lower than the licensed bandwidth on the working port.

Impact on the System


Changing the capacity of the microwave services through an NE does not take effect.

Possible Causes
The capacity of the configured microwave services crosses the limit defined in the license file.

Procedure
Step 1 The capacity of the configured microwave services crosses the limit defined in the license file. (1) Check whether the change in the capacity of the microwave services meet the requirement of the NE. If... The change in the capacity of the microwave services meet the requirement of the NE The change in the capacity of the microwave services does not meet the requirement of the NE Then... Go to the next step.

Delete the unauthorized microwave crossconnection.

(2) Check whether the service capacity complies with the latest authorization agreement. For details, see 7.8 Querying the License Capacity. If... The service capacity complies with the latest authorization agreement Then... Go to the next step.

The service capacity does not comply with Contact Huawei engineers to load a new the latest authorization agreement license file. (3) Contact the local office of Huawei to apply for a license authorization of greater service capacity. ----End

Related Information
The microwave service capacity of an NE is calculated based on the cross-connections on the IF board.
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A.2.77 LFA
Description
The LFA is an alarm indicating that the E1 frame alignment at the local end of the inverse multiplexing for E1 virtual concatenation group in the receive direction is lost.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the optical interface. The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicates the path ID. Parameter 4, Parameter 5 Reserved. The values are always 0xff.

Impact on the System


l l l When this alarm occurs, the E1 link that reports the alarm is unavailable, and the available links in the E1 virtual concatenation group are reduced. If the VCTRUNK link binds only one member, the service is interrupted when the LFA alarm occurs. After this alarm clears, the E1 link in the E1 virtual concatenation group will be recovered automatically.

Possible Causes
The possible causes of the LFA alarm are as follows: l Cause 1: The demultiplexing module of the E1 frame cannot perform the frame alignment function, and therefore the frame alignment loss alarms are reported. These alarms include TU_LOP, TU_AIS, and alarm indicating that the cross-connection is not configured. Cause 2: A certain board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Check for the TU_LOP and TU_AIS alarms on the NMS. If these alarms occur, handle these alarms first.
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Step 2 Cause 2: A certain board is faulty. (1) Check whether the HARD_BAD alarm occurs on the board. (2) If the alarm occurs, perform a cold reset on the board that reports the hardware failure alarm, and check whether the alarm clears.

CAUTION
If the service on the board is not protected, a cold reset on the board causes service interruptions. (3) If the alarm persists, replace the board. For details, see 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board. ----End

Related Information
Basic frame As defined in ITU-T G.704, a basic frame is an even frame with frame alignment sequence (FAS) or an odd frame with non frame alignment sequence (NFAS).

A.2.78 LICENSE_LOST
Description
The LICENSE_LOST is an alarm indicating that the license file is not detected.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major alarm Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 0 Meaning Indicates the type of the license. l 0x01: AM License l 0x02: Hybrid License l 0x03: TDM License
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Impact on the System


If no microwave service is configured, the microwave services with a default capacity of 4xE1 are configured. If microwave services are configured, there is no impact on the system except that an alarm is reported.

Possible Causes
The license file is lost or not loaded.

Procedure
Step 1 Contact the technical support engineers of Huawei to reload the associated license file. ----End

Related Information
The microwave service capacity of an NE is calculated based on the cross-connections on the IF board.

A.2.79 LICENSE_ERR
Description
The LICENSE_ERR is an alarm indicating that license verification of an NE fails.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.

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Name

Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the cause of verification failure. l 0x01: Indicates that the license file is illegal. l 0x02: Indicates that the license file is incorrect in file format. l 0x03: Indicates that the characteristic segment (signature) verification fails. l 0x04: Indicates that the equipment serial number specified in the characteristic segment does not match the equipment. l 0x05: Indicates that the trial usage of the characteristic segment expires. l 0x06: Indicates that the characteristic segment is incorrect in format. l 0x07: Indicates that the characteristic segment expires.

Impact on the System


If no microwave service is configured, the microwave services with a default capacity of 4xE1 are configured. If microwave services are configured, there is no impact on the system except that an alarm is reported.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The verification of the license file fails.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The verification of the license file fails. (1) Contact Huawei engineers to load a new license file. ----End

Related Information
The microwave service capacity of an NE is calculated based on the cross-connections on the IF board.

A.2.80 LINK_ERR
Description
The LINK_ERR is an alarm indicating that the data link fails.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical
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Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the optical interface. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by optical interface 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by path 1.

Impact on the System


The services carried over the path are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The optical fiber connected to the Ethernet optical interface is faulty. Cause 2: The working modes of the ports at both ends are different. Cause 3: The equipment at the local end or the remote end is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The optical fiber connected to the Ethernet optical interface is faulty. (1) Check whether the optical fiber connected to the Ethernet optical interface is faulty. If... The optical fiber connected to the Ethernet optical interface is faulty The optical fiber connected to the Ethernet optical interface is not faulty Step 2 Cause 2: The working modes of the ports at both ends are different. (1) Check whether the working modes of the ports at both ends are different. If... The working modes of the ports at both ends are different The working modes of the ports at both ends are the same Then... Set the working modes of the ports to the same. Go to the next step. Then... Replace the optical fiber. Go to Cause 2.

Step 3 Cause 3: The equipment at the local end or the remote end is faulty. (1) Use an optical fiber to perform a loopback at the port that reports the alarm. For details, see 7.1 Hardware Loopback.
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If... The alarm clears The alarm persists ----End

Then... Replace the Ethernet board at the remote end. Replace the Ethernet board at the local end.

Related Information
None.

A.2.81 LMFA
Description
The LMFA is an alarm indicating the E1 multiframe alignment is lost when the E1 frame is a CRC-4 multiframe.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the optical interface. The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicates the path ID. Parameter 4, Parameter 5 Reserved. The values are always 0xff.

Impact on the System


When the alarm occurs, services are not affected.

Possible Causes
The possible cause of the LMFA alarm is as follows: l Cause 1: A certain board is faulty.

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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: A certain board is faulty. (1) Check whether the HARD_BAD alarm occurs on the board. (2) If the alarm occurs, perform a cold reset on the board that reports the hardware failure alarm, and check whether the alarm clears.

CAUTION
If the service on the board is not protected, a cold reset on the board causes service interruptions. (3) If the alarm persists, replace the alarmed board. For details, see 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board. ----End

Related Information
Basic frame As defined in ITU-T G.704, a basic frame is an even frame with frame alignment sequence (FAS) or an odd frame with non frame alignment sequence (NFAS). Multiframe A multiframe is composed of eight basic frames, and can implement cyclic redundancy check (CRC).

A.2.82 LOOP_ALM
Description
The LOOP_ALM is an alarm indicating that a loopback event occurs.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name Parameter 1

Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. Parameter 4 Indicates the type of loopback. l 0x00: Indicates optical/electrical port inloop. l 0x01: Indicates optical/electrical port outloop. l 0x02: Indicates path inloop. l 0x03: Indicates path outloop. l 0x04: Indicates loopback on the user side. l 0x05: Indicates loopback on the combination wave side. l 0x06: Indicates SPI inloop. l 0x07: Indicates SPI outloop. l 0x08: Indicates ATM layer inloop. l 0x09: Indicates ATM layer outloop. l 0x0A: Indicates PHY layer inloop. l 0x0B: Indicates PHY layer outloop. l 0x0C: Indicates MAC layer inloop. l 0x0D: Indicates MAC layer outloop. l 0x0E: Indicates VC-4 timeslot inloop. l 0x0F: Indicates VC-4 timeslot outloop. l 0x10: Indicates VC-3 timeslot inloop. l 0x11: Indicates VC-3 timeslot outloop. l 0x12: Indicates VC-12 timeslot inloop. l 0x13: Indicates VC-12 timeslot outloop. l 0x14: Indicates IF outloop. l 0x15: Indicates IF inloop. l 0x16: Indicates RF inloop. l 0xFF: Indicates any of the preceding loopback modes.

Impact on the System


The loopback port or path fails to transmit services.

Possible Causes
Loopback is performed at the local site.

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Procedure
Step 1 Cause: Loopback is performed at the local site. (1) Determine the type of loopback based on the alarm parameters. (2) Find out the cause of loopback, and set the loopback status of the port that reports the alarm to Non-Loopback. For more information about the loopback operation, see 7.5 Software loopback. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.83 LP_CROSSTR
Description
The LP_CROSSTR is an alarm indicating that a lower order path performance indicator crosses the related threshold. This alarm occurs when a board detects that a lower order path bit error performance indicator crosses the preset threshold.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. Parameter 4, Parameter 5 l The higher two bits of Parameter 4 indicate the performance monitoring period (01 for 15 minutes, and 02 for 24 hours). l The lower six bits of Parameter 4 and Parameter 5 indicate the ID of a performance event.

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Impact on the System


The services contain a large amount of bit errors and the services may be interrupted.

Possible Causes
Lower order path bit error performance events cross the preset threshold.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The lower order path error crosses the preset threshold. (1) Check the threshold crossing records to find out the performance event that the lower order path error crosses the preset threshold. For details, see 7.3.8 Browsing the Performance Event Threshold-Crossing Records. Step 2 Handle the threshold-crossing performance event. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.84 LP_R_FIFO
Description
The LP_R_FIFO is an alarm indicating that the FIFO overflows on the reception side of the lower order path.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


Bit errors occur in the services.

Possible Causes
l l
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Cause 1: The clocks on both sites are not synchronous. Cause 2: The board is faulty.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The clocks on both sites are not synchronous. (1) Query whether a TU pointer adaptation performance event is reported at both ends. For details, see 7.3.6 Browsing Current Performance Events. If... A TU pointer adaptation performance event is reported A TU pointer adaptation performance event is not reported Step 2 Cause 2: The board is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End Then... Handle the performance event. For details, see C.2.3 TUPJCHIGH, TUPJCLOW, and TUPJCNEW. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.85 LP_RDI
Description
The LP_RDI is an alarm indicating a remote defect in the lower order path. This alarm occurs when the board detects that bit 8 of byte V5 is 1.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.
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Impact on the System


The service at the local site is not affected. The service received by the opposite site, however, is interrupted.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The local site detects the message that is returned by the opposite site and indicates the lower order path remote receive failure.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The local site detects the message that is returned by the opposite site and indicates the lower order path remote receive failure. (1) Handle the alarm of the lower order path at the remote site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.86 LP_RDI_VC12
Description
The LP_RDI_VC12 is an alarm indicating that data reception fails at the remote end of VC-12 path. This alarm occurs when the board detects that bit 8 of byte V5 is 1.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-12 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-12 path 1.
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Impact on the System


The service at the local site is not affected. The service received by the opposite site, however, is interrupted.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The local site receives a message from the remote site, and the message says that data reception fails at the remote end of a lower order path.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The local site receives a message from the remote site, and the message says that data reception fails at the remote end of a lower order path. (1) Handle the alarm of the lower order path at the remote site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.87 LP_RDI_VC3
Description
The LP_RDI_VC3 is an alarm indicating that data reception at the remote end of a VC-3 path fails. This alarm occurs when the board detects that bit 5 of byte G1 is 1.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-3 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-3 path 1.
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Impact on the System


The service at the local site is not affected. The service received by the opposite site, however, is interrupted.

Possible Causes
The local site receives a message from the remote site, and the message says that data reception fails at the remote end of a lower order path.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The local site detects the message that is returned by the opposite site and indicates the higher order path remote receive failure. (1) Handle the alarm of the lower order path at the remote site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.88 LP_REI
Description
The LP_REI is an alarm indicating that there are bit errors over the lower order path of the remote site. This alarm occurs when the board detects that bit 3 of byte V5 is 1.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.
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Impact on the System


The local site is not affected, but there are bit errors in the received signals of the remote site.

Possible Causes
Cause: The local site receives a message from the remote site, and the message says that there are bit errors in the lower order path of the remote site.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The local site receives a message from the remote site, and the message says that there are bit errors in the lower order path of the remote site. (1) Handle the LPBBE performance event of the remote site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.89 LP_REI_VC12
Description
The LP_REI_VC12 is an alarm indicating that there are bit errors at the remote end of a VC-12 lower order path. This alarm occurs when a board detects that bit 3 of byte V5 is 1.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-12 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-12 path 1.
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Impact on the System


Bit errors exist in the service in the receive direction of the remote site.

Possible Causes
Cause: The local site receives a message from the remote site, and the message says that there are bit errors in the lower order path.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The local site receives a message from the remote site, and the message says that there are bit errors in the lower order path. (1) Handle the LPBBE performance event of the remote site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.90 LP_REI_VC3
Description
The LP_REI_VC3 is an alarm indicating that there are bit errors at the remote end of a VC-3 path. This alarm occurs when a board detects that any one of bits 1-4 of byte G1 is 1.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-3 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-3 path 1.

Impact on the System


Bit errors exist in the service in the receive direction of the remote site.
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Possible Causes
Cause 1: The local site receives a message from the remote site, and the message says that there are bit errors at the remote end of a lower order path.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The local site receives a message from the remote site, and the message says that there are bit errors at the remote end of a lower order path. (1) Handle the VC3BBE performance event of the remote site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.91 LP_RFI
Description
The LP_RFI is an alarm indicating that the remote end of the lower order path fails. This alarm occurs when a board detects that bit 4 of byte V5 is 1.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


The local site is not affected. The lower order path at the remote site, however, cannot bear services.
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Possible Causes
Cause 1: The local site detects the message that is returned by the opposite site and indicates the lower order path remote receive failure.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The local site detects the message that is returned by the opposite site and indicates the lower order path remote receive failure. (1) Handle the alarm of the lower order path at the remote site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.92 LP_SIZE_ERR
Description
The LP_SIZE_ERR is an alarm indicating that the size of the TU pointer is incorrect.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


The services carried by the alarmed board are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The configuration of the mapping structure at the local end or remote end is incorrect. Cause 2: The tributary board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The configuration of the mapping structure at the local end or remote end is incorrect. (1) Check whether the types of the add/drop services configured on the board are the same with the service types supported by the board. For details, see Querying TDM Services.
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If... The service types are different The service types are the same Step 2 Cause 2: The tributary board is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End

Then... Change the configuration data. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.93 LP_SLM
Description
The LP_SLM is an alarm indicating that a mismatched signal label is detected in the lower order path. This alarm is reported when the board detects a signal label mismatch between the V5 bytes.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


The services in the lower order path are unavailable.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The signal label contained in the V5 byte that is received by the local site does not match the signal label contained in the V5 byte that is transmitted by the remote site.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The signal label contained in the V5 byte that is received by the local site does not match the signal label contained in the V5 byte that is transmitted by the remote site. (1) Modify the signal label contained in the V5 byte that is to be received by the local site or is to be transmitted by the remote site. Ensure that the signal labels at both ends match each other. For details, see Configuring VC-12 POHs. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.94 LP_SLM_VC12
Description
The LP_SLM_VC12 is an alarm indicating that a mismatched signal label is detected in the VC-12 path. This alarm occurs when the board detects a signal label mismatch between the V5 bytes.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-12 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-12 path 1.

Impact on the System


The service in this lower order path is unavailable.

Possible Causes
The signal label contained in the V5 byte that is received by the local site does not match the signal label contained in the V5 byte that is transmitted by the remote site.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The signal label contained in the V5 byte that is received by the local site does not match the signal label contained in the V5 byte that is transmitted by the remote site. (1) Modify the signal label contained in the V5 byte that is to be received by the local site or that is to be transmitted by the remote site. Ensure that the signal labels at both ends match each other. For details, see Configuring VC-12 POHs. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.95 LP_SLM_VC3
Description
The LP_SLM_VC3 is an alarm indicating that a mismatched signal label is detected in the VC-3 path. This alarm occurs when the board detects a signal label mismatch between the C2 bytes.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-3 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-3 path 1.

Impact on the System


The services in the lower order path are unavailable.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The signal label contained in the C2 byte that is received by the local site does not match the signal label contained in the C2 byte that is transmitted by the remote site.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The signal label contained in the C2 byte that is received by the local site does not match the signal label contained in the C2 byte that is transmitted by the remote site. (1) Modify the signal label contained in the C2 byte that is to be received by the local site or that is to be transmitted by the remote site. Ensure that the signal labels at both ends match each other. For details, see Configuring VC-3 POHs. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.96 LP_T_FIFO
Description
The LP_T_FIFO is an alarm indicating that the FIFO overflows on the transmission side of the lower order path.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-12 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-12 path 1.

Impact on the System


Bit errors occur in the services.

Possible Causes
l l
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Cause 1: The frequency offset of the input signal is very large. Cause 2: The board is faulty.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The frequency offset of the input signal is very large. (1) Use an SDH analyzer to check whether the frequency offset of the input signal is within 50 ppm. If... The frequency offset is very large The frequency offset is within 50 ppm Step 2 Cause 2: The board is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End Then... Troubleshoot the remote site. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.97 LP_TIM
Description
The LP_TIM is an alarm indicating that a mismatched trace identifier is detected in the lower order path. This alarm occurs when the board detects a mismatch between the J2 bytes at both ends.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


None.
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Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The J2 byte to be received by the local site does not match the J2 byte to be transmitted by the remote site. Cause 2: The data configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The J2 byte to be received by the local site does not match the J2 byte to be transmitted by the remote site. (1) Set the byte mode of the J2 byte to be received by the local site to the disabled mode. Alternatively, set the J2 byte to be received by the local site to match the J2 byte to be transmitted by the remote site. For details, see Configuring VC-12 POHs. Step 2 Cause 2: The data configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect. (1) Check whether the cross-connections of the intermediate nodes where the service travels are configured correctly. If not, re-configure the cross-connections. For details, see Querying TDM Services. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.98 LP_TIM_VC12
Description
The LP_TIM_VC12 is an alarm indicating a mismatched trace identifier is detected in the VC-12 path. This alarm occurs when the board detects a mismatch between the J2 bytes at both ends.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1
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Meaning The value is always 0x01.


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Name

Meaning

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-12 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-12 path 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


None.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The J2 byte to be received by the local site does not match the J2 byte to be transmitted by the remote site. Cause 2: The data configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The J2 byte to be received by the local site does not match the J2 byte to be transmitted by the remote site. (1) Set the byte mode of the J2 byte to be received by the local site to the disabled mode. Alternatively, set the J2 byte to be received by the local site to match the J2 byte to be transmitted by the remote site. For details, see Configuring VC-12 POHs. Step 2 Cause 2: The data configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect. (1) Check whether the cross-connections of the intermediate nodes where the service travels are configured correctly. If not, re-configure the cross-connections. For details, see Querying TDM Services. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.99 LP_TIM_VC3
Description
The LP_TIM_VC3 is an alarm indicating a mismatched trace identifier is detected in the VC-3 path. This alarm occurs when the board detects the J1 byte mismatch.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the
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following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-3 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-3 path 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


None.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The receivable J1 byte at the local site does not match the J1 byte transmitted at the opposite site. Cause 2: The data configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The receivable J1 byte at the local site does not match the J1 byte transmitted at the opposite site. (1) Set the byte mode of the J1 byte to be received by the local site to the disabled mode. Alternatively, set the J1 byte to be received by the local site to match the J1 byte to be transmitted by the remote site. For details, see Configuring VC-3 POHs. Step 2 Cause 2: The data configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect. (1) Check whether the cross-connections of the intermediate nodes where the service travels are configured correctly. If not, re-configure the cross-connections. For details, see Querying TDM Services. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.100 LP_UNEQ
Description
The LP_UNEQ is an alarm indicating that the lower order path is unequipped. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the V5 byte signal label is 0.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


The service in the path is unavailable. If the service is configured with protection, the protection switching is also triggered.

Possible Causes
The data configuration is incorrect. l l Cause 1: The tributary path at the local site is configured with services, but the tributary path at the remote site is not configured with services. Cause 2: The cross-connection configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The tributary path at the local site is configured with services, but the tributary path at the remote site is not configured with services. (1) Check whether the tributary path at the remote site is configured with services. For details, see Querying TDM Services. If... The tributary path at the remote site is not configured with services Then... Configure services.

The tributary path at the remote site is configured with services Go to Cause 2. Step 2 Cause 2: The cross-connection configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect. (1) Check whether the cross-connection configuration at the intermediate nodes is correct. If not, re-configure the cross-connections. For details, see Querying TDM Services. ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.101 LP_UNEQ_VC12
Description
The LP_UNEQ_VC12 is an alarm indicating that the VC-12 path is unequipped. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the V5 byte signal label is 0.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-12 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-12 path 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


The service in the path is unavailable. If the service is configured with protection, the protection switching is also triggered.

Possible Causes
The data configuration is incorrect. l l Cause 1: The tributary path at the local site is configured with services, but the tributary path at the remote site is not configured with services. Cause 2: The cross-connection configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The tributary path at the local site is configured with services, but the tributary path at the remote site is not configured with services. (1) Check whether the tributary path at the remote site is configured with services. For details, see Querying TDM Services.
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If... The tributary path at the remote site is not configured with services

Then... Configure services.

The tributary path at the remote site is configured with services Go to Cause 2. Step 2 Cause 2: The cross-connection configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect. (1) Check whether the cross-connection configuration at the intermediate nodes is correct. If not, re-configure the cross-connections. For details, see Querying TDM Services. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.102 LP_UNEQ_VC3
Description
The LP_UNEQ_VC3 is an alarm indicating that the VC-3 path is unequipped. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the C2 byte signal label is 0.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-3 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-3 path 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


The service in the path is unavailable. If the service is configured with protection, the protection switching is also triggered.
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Possible Causes
The data configuration is incorrect. l l Cause 1: The tributary path at the local site is configured with services, but the tributary path at the remote site is not configured with services. Cause 2: The cross-connection configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The tributary path at the local site is configured with services, but the tributary path at the remote site is not configured with services. (1) Check whether the tributary path at the remote site is configured with services. For details, see Querying TDM Services. If... The tributary path at the remote site is not configured with services Then... Configure services.

The tributary path at the remote site is configured with services Go to Cause 2. Step 2 Cause 2: The cross-connection configuration at the intermediate nodes is incorrect. (1) Check whether the cross-connection configuration at the intermediate nodes is correct. If not, re-configure the cross-connections. For details, see Querying TDM Services. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.103 LPS_UNI_BI_M
Description
The LPS_UNI_BI_M is an alarm indicating that switching modes (single-ended or dual-ended) at both ends of the linear MSP do not match with each other.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name

Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the protection group that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by protection group 1.

Impact on the System


The system performs protection switching in single-ended mode.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The linear MSP is configured incorrectly. The LPS_UNI_BI_M alarm is generated only when the following conditions are met: l l l The switching modes (single-ended or dual-ended) at the local and remote sites are different. The last three bits of the K2 byte are set to the indicated mode. The type of the protocol is set to a restructure protocol.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The linear MSP is configured incorrectly. (1) Change the MSP switching modes at both ends, and ensure that they are the same. For details, see Querying the Status of Linear MSP. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.104 LPT_INEFFECT
Description
The LPT_INEFFECT is an alarm indicating that the LPT function fails. This alarm occurs when the user configures the LPT function but the board does not support the LPT function.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example,
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Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Meaning Indicates the ID of the IP port. Indicate the port ID. The values are always 0x00 0x01. Parameter 4, Parameter 5 The values are always 0xff 0xff.

Impact on the System


The services are not affected. If the board hardware is of a very early version, the board software automatically stops the state machine of the LPT protocol, but reserves the LPT configuration.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The board hardware is of a very early version, and the user configures the LPT function.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The board hardware is of a very early version, and the user configures the LPT function. (1) Check whether the LPT function is required. If... The LPT function is required Then... Replace the board with a board of a proper version. For details, see 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board.

The LPT function is not required Delete the configuration of the LPT function. For details, see Configuring LPT for Point-to-Point Services. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.105 LPT_RFI
Description
The LPT_RFI is an alarm indicating that the link state pass-through function fails at the remote end. This alarm occurs when the link path through (LPT) function detects the failure of the remote port or the LPT service network.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Meaning Indicates the ID of the IP port. Indicate the port ID. The values are always 0x00 0x01. Parameter 4, Parameter 5 The values are always 0xff 0xff.

Impact on the System


During the data transmission, the link is unavailable and the services are interrupted when the LPT function detects the failure of the remote port or the service network. In addition, enabling the link backup is triggered. If the backup link is available, the service can be restored on the backup link.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The remote port fails. For example, there are alarms such as ETH_LOS, LINK_ERR, LSR_NO_FITED, or the remote port is disabled. Cause 2: The LPT service network is faulty. The communication link is interrupted. There are the bit error threshold-crossing alarms BIP_EXC and B3_EXC_VC3. There are alarms such as TU_LOP, TU_AIS, VCAT_LOA, VCAT_LOM_VC12, VCAT_LOM_VC3, LP_UNEQ_VC12, and LP_UNEQ_VC3.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the alarm on the NMS, determine the board that reports the alarm, and then determine the ID of the port on the board according to Parameter 1. Step 2 Cause 1: The remote port is faulty. (1) Check whether the corresponding opposite ports are enabled according to the ports indicated by the parameter.
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If... The opposite port is not enabled The opposite port is enabled

Then... Enable the opposite port. Go to the next step.

(2) Check whether any link fault alarm occurs on the line board. If... Then...

Any link fault alarm occurs Handle the link fault alarms first, especially the R_LOS and MW_LOF alarms. No link fault alarm occurs Go to Cause 2.

Step 3 Cause 2: The LPT service network is faulty. (1) Check whether the following alarms occur on the Ethernet boards of the MEPs at both ends. Then, handle the alarms. l ETH_LOS l LINK_ERR l LSR_NO_FITED l BIP_EXC and B3_EXC_VC3 l TU_LOP, TU_AIS, VCAT_LOA, VCAT_LOM_VC12, VCAT_LOM_VC3, LP_UNEQ_VC12, and LP_UNEQ_VC3 ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.106 LSR_NO_FITED
Description
The LSR_NO_FITED is an alarm indicating that the laser is not installed.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name

Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the optical interface that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by optical interface 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


The optical interface fails to carry services.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The laser of the local site is not installed.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The laser of the local site is not installed. (1) Determine the optical interface that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. (2) Find out why the laser is not installed, and contact Huawei engineers for the installation. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.107 LSR_WILL_DIE
Description
The LSR_WILL_DIE is an alarm indicating that the life of the laser is close to the end.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.

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Name

Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the optical interface that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by optical interface 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


The SFP optical module may not function reliably, and thus the services may be interrupted.

Possible Causes
The laser is aged.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The laser is aged. (1) Determine the optical interface that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. (2) Contact Huawei engineers to replace the faulty SFP optical module with a new one of the same type. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.108 LTI
Description
The LTI is an alarm indicating that the synchronization sources are lost. This alarm occurs when all the synchronization sources for the NE are lost.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name

Meaning

Parameter 1 l 0x01: Indicates that all the synchronization sources of the system clock are lost. l 0x02: Indicates that all the synchronization sources of the 2 MHz phaselocked source are lost.

Impact on the System


The clock enters the free-run mode and loses synchronization with other NE clocks.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The clock configuration is incorrect. Cause 2: All the clock sources in the clock source priority table fail.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The clock configuration is incorrect. (1) Check whether the data in the clock source priority table meets the network planning requirement. For details, see Querying the Clock Synchronization Status. If... The configuration is incorrect The configuration is correct Then... Correct the configurations. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: All the clock sources in the clock source priority table fail. (1) Troubleshoot the synchronization sources based on the clock source priority table. If... The synchronization source is the external clock The synchronization source is the line clock The synchronization source is the IF clock The synchronization source is the tributary clock ----End Then... Handle the EXT_SYNC_LOS alarm. Handle the alarm that occurs on the line board. Handle the alarm that occurs on the IF board. Handle the alarm that occurs on the tributary board.

Related Information
None.

A.2.109 MOD_TYPE_MISMATCH
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Description
The MOD_TYPE_MISMATCH is an alarm indicating that a mismatched port module is detected.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Maloperation

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


The service on the port is interrupted.

Possible Causes
The type specified by the customer for the SFP module is different from the actual module type.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The type specified by the customer for the SFP module is different from the actual module type. (1) Determine the port that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. (2) Check whether the configured type of the SFP module is the same as the type of the actual module. If... Then...

The configured type of the SFP module is Contact Huawei engineers to install an SFP the same as the type of the actual module module of the correct type. The configured type of the SFP module is Change the configured type of the SFP different from the type of the actual module. module ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.110 MS_AIS
Description
The MS_AIS is an alarm indicating multiplex section alarms. This alarm occurs when a board detects that bits 6-8 of the K2 byte in three consecutive frames are 111.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the path ID.

Impact on the System


The service on the line port is interrupted. If the service is configured with protection, the protection switching is also triggered.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty. Cause 2: The receive unit at the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty. (1) Replace the line board at the opposite site based on the type of the board that reports the alarm.
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If...

Then...

The line board reports the alarm Replace the optical-interface line board at the opposite site. The line board reports the alarm Replace the electrical-interface line board at the opposite site. The IF board reports the alarm Replace the IF board at the opposite site.

(2) Replace the board and then check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced (3) Replace the PXC board at the opposite site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Step 2 Cause 2: The receive unit at the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm on the local end. If... The SDH optical-interface line board reports the alarm The SDH electrical-interface line board reports the alarm The IF board reports the alarm ----End Then... Replace the SDH optical-interface line board. Replace the SDH electrical-interface line board. Replace the IF board that reports the alarm. Then... End the fault handling. Go to Cause 2. Then... End the fault handling. Go to the next step.

Related Information
None.

A.2.111 MS_CROSSTR
Description
The MS_CROSSTR alarm indicates that a performance indicator of the multiplex section crosses the threshold. This alarm occurs when a board detects that the multiplex section bit error performance indicator crosses the preset threshold.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. Parameter 4, Parameter 5 l The higher two bits of Parameter 4 indicate the performance monitoring period (01 for 15 minutes, and 02 for 24 hours). l The lower six bits of Parameter 4 and Parameter 5 indicate the ID of the performance event.

Impact on the System


A large number of errors occur in the service, and the service may be interrupted.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: A multiplex section bit error performance indicator crosses the preset threshold.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: A multiplex section bit error performance indicator crosses the preset threshold. (1) Check the threshold crossing records of multiplex section bit error performance events to find out the performance event that crosses the preset threshold. For details, see 7.3.8 Browsing the Performance Event Threshold-Crossing Records. (2) Handle the threshold-crossing performance event. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.112 MS_RDI
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Description
The MS_RDI is an alarm indicating that data reception fails at the remote end of the multiplex section. This alarm occurs when a board detects that bits 6-8 of the K2 byte are 110.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the path ID.

Impact on the System


The service at the local site is not affected. The service received by the opposite site, however, is interrupted.

Possible Causes
The local site receives a message from the opposite site, and the message indicates that data reception at the remote end of the multiplex section fails.

Procedure
Step 1 The local site receives a message from the opposite site, and the message indicates that data reception at the remote end of the multiplex section fails. (1) Rectify the fault that occurs on the regenerator section and the multiplex section at the opposite site. The possible alarms are as follows: l MS_AIS l R_LOS l R_LOF l B2_EXC l B2_SD ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.113 MS_REI
Description
The MS_REI is an alarm indicating that bit errors occur on the remote end of the multiplex section. This alarm occurs when the board detects that the M1 byte is not zero.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Warning Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the path ID.

Impact on the System


The service at the local site is not affected. The service received by the opposite site, however, has errors.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The local site receives a message from the opposite site, and the message indicates that bit errors occur on the remote end of the multiplex section.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The local site receives a message from the opposite site, and the message indicates that bit errors occur on the remote end of the multiplex section. (1) Handle the MS_BBE performance event on the port of the opposite site. ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.114 MSAD_CROSSTR
Description
The MSAD_CROSSTR alarm indicates that the adaptation performance indicator of the multiplex section crosses the threshold. This alarm occurs when a board detects that an AU pointer adaptation performance indicator crosses the preset threshold.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. Parameter 4, Parameter 5 l The higher two bits of Parameter 4 indicate the performance monitoring period (01 for 15 minutes, and 02 for 24 hours). l The lower six bits of Parameter 4 and Parameter 5 indicate the ID of a performance event. 0x2a: AUPJCHIGH 0x2b: AUPJCLOW 0x2c: AUPJCNEW 0xff: not used

Impact on the System


Bit errors may occur in the service.

Possible Causes
An AU pointer adaptation performance indicator crosses the preset threshold.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause: An AU pointer adaptation performance indicator crosses the preset threshold. (1) Check the threshold crossing records of the AU pointer adaptation performance events to find out the performance event that crosses the preset threshold. For details, see 7.3.8 Browsing the Performance Event Threshold-Crossing Records. (2) Handle the threshold-crossing performance event. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.115 MSSW_DIFFERENT
Description
The MSSW_DIFFERENT is an alarm indicating that the master and slave software areas mismatches with each other. This alarm occurs when the NE detects that the first software system and the second software system of the system control, cross-connect, and timing board mismatch with each other.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the location of the file. l 0x01: Indicates the files in the flash memory l 0x02: Indicates the software that is currently running

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Name

Meaning

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the IDs of the inconsistent files on the system control board. l 0x01: FPGA of the system control board in ofs1 l 0x02: FPGA of the system control board in ofs2 l 0x03: ofs1/hwx/nesoft.hwx l 0x04: ofs2/hwx/nesoft.hwx l 0x05: ofs1/hwx/ne.ini l 0x06: ofs2/hwx/ne.ini l 0x07: ofs1/hwx/ocp.ini l 0x08: ofs2/hwx/ocp.ini l 0x09: ofs1/fpga/if1_002.pga l 0x0a: ofs2/fpga/if1_002.pga l 0x0b: ofs1/fpga/if1_250.pga l 0x0c: ofs2/fpga/if1_250.pga l 0x0d: ofs1/fpga/sl1d.pga l 0x0e: ofs2/fpga/sl1d.pga l 0x0f: ofs1/fpga/sl91ifu2.pga l 0x10: ofs2/fpga/sl91ifu2.pga l 0x11: ofs1/fpga/sl91ifx2.pga l 0x12: ofs2/fpga/sl91ifx2.pga l 0x13: ofs1/fpga/sl91aux.pga l 0x14: ofs2/fpga/sl91aux.pga l 0x15: ofs1/hwx/lusoft.hwx l 0x16: ofs2/hwx/lusoft.hwx l 0x17: ofs1/hwx/lusoft.ini l 0x18: ofs2/hwx/lusoft.ini l 0x19: ofs1/fpga/sl91em6t.pga l 0x1a: ofs2/fpga/sl91em6t.pga l 0x1b: ofs1/fpga/pvg610.pga l 0x1c: ofs2/fpga/pvg610.pga l 0x1d: ofs1/fpga/pvg610x.pga l 0x1e: ofs2/fpga/pvg610x.pga

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Name

Meaning l 0x04: The file versions in the master and slave areas of a single system control board are inconsistent. l 0x08: The file versions in the active and standby system control boards are inconsistent, or that the files in the corresponding directories of the active and standby system control boards have different names. l 0x0c: The file versions in the master and slave areas of a single system control board are inconsistent and the file versions on the active and standby system control boards are also inconsistent.

Parameter 4, Parameter 5 Indicate the cause of the alarm.

Impact on the System


If the currently running software is lost, the backup software fails to take over. If no NE software exists in the flash memory, the system is unable to restart after power-off or reset.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: An exception occurs during the software loading.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: An exception occurs during the software loading. (1) Contact Huawei engineers to re-load the software. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.116 MULTI_RPL_OWNER
Description
The MULTI_RPL_OWNER is an alarm indicating that the ring network contains several RPL_OWNER nodes.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the
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following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Meaning Indicates the port ID. Indicate the ID of the ERPS instance.

Impact on the System


The ERPS protection fails.

Possible Causes
The associated data is configured incorrectly.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The associated data is configured incorrectly. (1) Reconfigure the ERPS protection. For details, see Creating ERPS Instances. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.117 MW_BER_EXC
Description
The MW_BER_EXC is an alarm indicating that there are excessive bit errors on the radio link. This alarm occurs when the bit errors on the radio link exceed the specified threshold (10-3 by default).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name Parameter 1

Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


The services on the port are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: Signal attenuation on the radio link is too heavy. Cause 2: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty. Cause 3: The receive unit at the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Signal attenuation on the radio link is too heavy. (1) Check whether the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is reported. If so, clear the alarm. Step 2 Cause 2: The receive unit at the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the IF board at the local site. Step 3 Cause 3: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty. (1) Replace the IF board at the opposite site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.118 MW_BER_SD
Description
The MW_BER_SD is an alarm indicating that signal deteriorates on the radio link. This alarm occurs when the bit errors on the radio link exceed the specified threshold (10-6 by default) but does not reach the MW_BER_EXC alarm threshold (10-3 by default).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor
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Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


The service performance on the port deteriorates. If the equipment is configured with 1+1 FD/ SD protection, HSM channel switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: Signal attenuation on the radio link is too heavy. Cause 2: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. Cause 3: The receive unit of the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Signal attenuation on the radio link is too heavy. (1) Check whether the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is reported. If so, clear the alarm. Step 2 Cause 2: The receive unit at the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the IF board at the local site. Step 3 Cause 3: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty. (1) Replace the IF board at the opposite site. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.119 MW_FEC_UNCOR
Description
The MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm indicates that microwave frames forward error correction (FEC) encoding cannot be corrected.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the IF port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


Bit errors occur in the services. If the equipment is configured with 1+1 FD/SD protection, HSM channel protection switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: The receive power of the ODU is abnormal. Cause 2: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. Cause 3: The receive unit of the local site is faulty. Cause 4: An interference event occurs.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The receive power of the ODU is abnormal. (1) Check whether the receive power of the ODU at the local site is normal. If yes, determine the abnormality and take proper measures. For details, see Querying History Transmit Power and Receive Power.

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If... The RSL is lower than the receiver sensitivity

Then... Follow the steps: 1. Check the installation of the antenna to ensure that the azimuth angle of the antenna meets the requirement. 2. Check the antenna direction. Check whether the received signal is from the main lobe. If the antenna direction does not meet the requirement, adjust the antenna in a wide range. 3. Check whether the setting of the polarization direction of the antenna is correct. Adjust the incorrect polarization direction. 4. Check whether the antenna gain at both the transmit and receive ends meets the specifications. Replace the antennas that do not meet the requirement. 5. Check whether any mountain or building obstacle exists in the transmit direction. If yes, contact the network planning department for proper modification of the planning design, hence preventing the block of the mountain or building obstacle.

The RSL is higher than the specified RSL of the network. The offset value is tens of decibles. The duration is from tens of seconds to several hours

Slow up fading occurs. Follow the steps: 1. Check whether any co-channel interference occurs. a. Mute the ODU at the opposite end. For details, seeConfiguring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. b. Check the RSL at the local end. For details, seeConfiguring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. If the RSL exceeds -90 dBm, you can infer that there is co-channel interference that may affect the long-term availability and errored-second performance of the system. 2. Use a spectrum analyzer to analyze the interference source. 3. Contact the spectrum management department to clear the interference spectrum or change plans to minimize the interference.

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If... The RSL is lower than the specified RSL of the network. The offset value is tens of decibles. The duration is from tens of seconds to several hours

Then... Slow down fading occurs. Generally, the radio link may be faulty in both directions, because slow fading is imposed by the transmission path. Contact the network planning department to make the following changes: l Increase the installation height of the antenna. l Reduce the transmission distance. l Increase the antenna gain. l Increase the transmit power.

If the RSL is lower than or higher than Fast fading occurs. Contact the network planning the specified RSL of the network and if department to make the following changes: the duration is from several milliseconds l Adjust the position of the antenna to block the to tens of seconds reflected wave or make the reflection point fall on the ground that has a small reflection coefficient, thus reducing the multipath fading. l Adjust the RF configuration to make the links in the 1+1 SD configuration. l If the links are in the 1+1 SD configuration, adjust the height offset between two antennas to make the receive power of one antenna much stronger than the receive power of the other antenna. l Increase the fading margin. Step 2 Cause 2: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. Locate the fault by looping back the opposite site and excluding the position one by one. Follow the steps: (1) Perform an inloop on the IF port at the opposite end. For details, see 7.5.4 Setting Loopback for the IF Board. Check whether the fault at the opposite end is rectified after the loopback. If... The alarm persists The alarm clears Then... Replace the IF board. Go to the next step.

(2) Check whether the cable connector workmanship meets the requirement. If any cable connector does not meet the requirement, make a new connector. (3) Check whether the IF cable is soggy, broken, or pressed. Replace the cable that does not meet the requirement. (4) Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm persists
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Then... Replace the ODU at the opposite site.


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If... The alarm clears

Then... End the alarm handling.

Step 3 Cause 3: The receive unit of the local site is faulty. Locate the fault by looping back the opposite site and excluding the position one by one. Follow the steps: (1) Perform an inloop on the IF port at the local end. For details, see 7.5.4 Setting Loopback for the IF Board. Check whether the fault at the opposite end is rectified after the loopback. If... The alarm persists The alarm clears Then... Replace the IF board. Go to the next step.

(2) Check whether the cable connector workmanship meets the requirement. If any cable connector does not meet the requirement, make a new connector. (3) Check whether the IF cable is soggy, broken, or pressed. Replace the cable that does not meet the requirement. (4) Then, check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm persists The alarm clears Step 4 Cause 4: An interference event occurs. (1) Check whether any co-channel interference occurs. a. b. Mute the opposite ODU. Check the RSL at the local end. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. If the RSL exceeds -90 dBm, you can infer that there is co-channel interference that may affect the long-term availability and errored-second performance of the system. Then... Replace the ODU of the local site. End the alarm handling.

(2) Check whether any adjacent channel interference occurs. a. b. c. d. e. Mute the opposite ODU. Adjust the radio working mode at the local end and use the minimum channel spacing. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. Decrease the received frequency at the local end by a half of the channel spacing. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. Test and record the RSL. Increase the received frequency at the local end, with a step length of 0.5 MHz or 1 MHz, and record the RSL accordingly until the received frequency is equal to the original received frequency plus a half of the channel spacing. Compare the recorded RSLs, and check whether the RSL in a certain spectrum is abnormal if the received frequency is within the permitted range.

f.

(3) Use a spectrum analyzer to analyze the interference source.


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(4) Contact the spectrum management department to clear the interference spectrum or change plans to minimize the interference. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.120 MW_LIM
Description
The MW_LIM is an alarm indicating that a mismatched radio link identifier is detected. This alarm occurs when the IF board detects that the link ID in the microwave frame overheads is inconsistent with the specified link ID.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the IF port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


After reporting the MW_LIM alarm, the IF board inserts the AIS alarm to the received signals. Then, the services on the radio link are interrupted. If the services are configured with SNCP, the protection switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l l
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Cause 1: The link ID of the local site does not match the link ID of the opposite site. Cause 2: The services on other radio links are received due to the incorrect configuration of the radio link receive frequency at the local or opposite site. Cause 3: The antenna receives microwave signals from the other site, because the direction of the antenna is set incorrectly. Cause 4: The polarization direction of the XPIC is configured incorrectly.
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Procedure
Step 1 Determine the IF port that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameters. Step 2 Cause 1: The link ID of the local site does not match the link ID of the opposite site. (1) Check whether the link ID of the local site matches with the link ID of the opposite site. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. If not, set the link IDs at both ends to the same according to the network planning. Step 3 Cause 2: The services on other radio links are received due to the incorrect configuration of the radio link receive frequency at the local or opposite site. (1) Check whether the receive and transmit frequencies of the local site are consistent with the receive and transmit frequencies of the opposite site. For details, see Configuring the IF/ ODU Information of a Radio Link. If not, set the receive and transmit frequencies of the two sites again according to the network planning. Step 4 Cause 3: The antenna receives microwave signals from the other sites, because the direction of the antenna is set incorrectly. (1) Adjust the direction of the antenna and ensure that the antennas at both ends are aligned. Step 5 Cause 4: The polarization direction of the XPIC is configured incorrectly. (1) If XPIC protection groups are configured, check whether the XPIC configuration is correct. For details, see Creating an XPIC Workgroup. a. Check whether the settings of IFX boards in polarization direction-V and polarization direction-H meet the requirement of the network planning. If... Then... No Delete the XPIC workgroups that are configured incorrectly and create XPIC workgroups again. Yes Go to the next step. b. Check whether Link ID-V and Link ID-H meet the requirement of the network planning. If... No Then... Reset the ID of the radio link of the IFX board according to the network planning. For details, see Creating XPIC Workgroups. Go to the next step.

The link ID meets the requirement of the network planning

(2) Check and modify the IFX board and ODU, and the mapping relation between the ODU and the antenna feed. Ensure that the IFX boards in the polarization direction V of both ends are interconnected to each other through the radio link in the polarization direction V, and the IFX boards in the polarization direction H of both ends are interconnected to each other through the radio link in the polarization direction H. ----End

Related Information
The MW_LIM alarm is generated due to the inconsistency between the specified link ID and the received link ID. When the MW_LOF alarm is generated on the link, the received link ID
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is a random value. In this case, the link ID is invalid. The MW_LIM alarm is also suppressed by the MW_LOF alarm.

A.2.121 MW_LOF
Description
The MW_LOF is an alarm indicating that the Reed Solomon (RS) frame is lost.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the IF port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


The services are interrupted. If the system is configured with protection, protection switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The other alarms are generated. Cause 2: In the case of TDM radio services, the IF working modes at the local site and the opposite site are different. In the case of Hybrid radio services, the channel bandwidth and modulation modes at the local site and the opposite site are different. Cause 3: The working frequency of the ODU at the local site is inconsistent with the working frequency of the ODU at the opposite site. Cause 4: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. Cause 5: The receive unit of the local site is faulty. Cause 6: The receive power of the ODU is abnormal. Cause 7: An interference event occurs.

l l l l l

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The other alarms are generated.
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(1) Check whether any alarms are generated in the equipment at the local site. If yes, take priority to clear them. The relevant alarms are as follows: l HARD_BAD l VOLT_LOS l IF_CABLE_OPEN l BD_STATUS l RADIO_RSL_LOW l CONFIG_NOSUPPORT l TEMP_ALARM Step 2 Cause 2: In the case of TDM radio services, the IF working modes at the local site and the opposite site are different. In the case of Hybrid radio services, the channel bandwidth and modulation modes at the local site and the opposite site are different. (1) In the case of TDM radio services, check whether the working mode of the IF board at the local site is consistent with the working mode of the IF board at the opposite site. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. If not, reset the working mode of the IF board according to the network planning. In the case of Hybrid radio services, check whether the channel bandwidth and modulation modes are the same at both ends. If not, change the channel bandwidth and modulation modes according to the network planning. For details, see Setting the Hybrid/AM Attribute. Step 3 Cause 3: The working frequency of the ODU at the local site is inconsistent with the working frequency of the ODU at the opposite site. (1) Ensure that the type of the ODU at the local site is consistent with the type of the ODU at the opposite site. (2) Reset the working frequency of the ODU according to the network planning. For details, see Setting Parameters of ODU Interfaces. Set the value of the transmit frequency of the local site the same as the value of the receive frequency of the opposite site. Then, set the value of the receive frequency of the local site the same as the value of the transmit frequency of the opposite site. Step 4 Cause 4: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. (1) Check whether any alarms are generated in the equipment of the local site. If yes, take priority to clear them. The relevant alarms are as follows: l HARD_BAD l BD_STATUS l VOLT_LOS l IF_CABLE_OPEN l RADIO_MUTE l RADIO_TSL_HIGH l RADIO_TSL_LOW l TEMP_ALARM (2) Locate the fault by looping back the opposite site. Follow the steps:
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a.

Perform an inloop on the IF port at the opposite end. For details, see 7.5.4 Setting Loopback for the IF Board. Check whether the fault at the opposite end is rectified after the loopback. If... The alarm persists The alarm clears Then... Replace the IF board. Go to the next step.

b. c. d.

Check whether the cable connector workmanship meets the requirement. If any cable connector does not meet the requirement, make a new connector. Check whether the IF cable is soggy, broken, or pressed. Replace the cable that does not meet the requirement. Then, check whether the alarm clears.

Step 5 Cause 5: The receive unit of the local site is faulty. (1) Locate the fault by looping back the opposite site. Follow the steps: a. Perform an inloop on the IF port at the local end. For details, see 7.5.4 Setting Loopback for the IF Board. Check whether the fault at the opposite end is rectified after the loopback. If... The alarm persists The alarm clears b. c. d. Then... Replace the IF board. Go to the next step.

Check whether the cable connector workmanship meets the requirement. If any cable connector does not meet the requirement, make a new connector. Check whether the IF cable is soggy, broken, or pressed. Replace the cable that does not meet the requirement. Then, check whether the alarm clears.

Step 6 Cause 6: The receive power of the ODU is abnormal. (1) Check whether the receive power of the ODU at the local site is abnormal. If yes, determine the abnormality and take proper measures. For details, see 7.3.7 Browsing the History Performance.

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If... The RSL is lower than the receiver sensitivity

Then... Follow the steps: 1. Check the installation of the antenna to ensure that the azimuth angle of the antenna meets the requirement. 2. Check the antenna direction. Check whether the received signal is from the main lobe. If the antenna direction does not meet the requirement, adjust the antenna in a wide range. 3. Check whether the setting of the polarization direction of the antenna is correct. Adjust the incorrect polarization direction. 4. Check whether the antenna gain at both the transmit and receive ends meets the specifications. Replace the antennas that do not meet the requirement. 5. Check whether any mountain or building obstacle exists in the transmit direction. If yes, contact the network planning department for proper modification of the planning design, hence preventing the block of the mountain or building obstacle.

The RSL is higher than the specified RSL of the network. The offset value is tens of decibles. The duration is from tens of seconds to several hours

Slow up fading occurs. Follow the steps: 1. Check whether any co-channel interference occurs. a. Mute the ODU at the opposite end. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. b. Check the RSL at the local end. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. If the RSL exceeds -90 dBm, you can infer that there is co-channel interference that may affect the long-term availability and errored-second performance of the system. 2. Use a spectrum analyzer to analyze the interference source. 3. Contact the spectrum management department to clear the interference spectrum or change plans to minimize the interference.

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If... The RSL is lower than the specified RSL of the network. The offset value is tens of decibles. The duration is from tens of seconds to several hours

Then... Slow down fading occurs. Generally, the radio link may be faulty in both directions, because slow fading is imposed by the transmission path. Contact the network planning department to make the following changes: l Increase the installation height of the antenna. l Reduce the transmission distance. l Increase the antenna gain. l Increase the transmit power.

If the RSL is lower than or higher than Fast fading occurs. Contact the network planning the specified RSL of the network and if department to make the following changes: the duration is from several milliseconds l Adjust the position of the antenna to block the to tens of seconds reflected wave or make the reflection point fall on the ground that has a small reflection coefficient, thus reducing the multipath fading. l Adjust the RF configuration to make the links in the 1+1 SD configuration. l If the links are in the 1+1 SD configuration, adjust the height offset between two antennas to make the receive power of one antenna much stronger than the receive power of the other antenna. l Increase the fading margin. Step 7 Cause 7: An interference event occurs. Follow the steps: (1) Check whether any co-channel interference occurs. a. b. Mute the opposite ODU. Check the RSL at the local end. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. If the RSL exceeds -90 dBm, you can infer that there is co-channel interference that may affect the long-term availability and errored-second performance of the system. Mute the opposite ODU. Adjust the radio working mode at the local end and use the minimum channel spacing. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. Decrease the received frequency at the local end by a half of the channel spacing. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. Test and record the RSL.

(2) Check whether any adjacent channel interference occurs. a. b. c. d.

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e.

Increase the received frequency at the local end, with a step length of 0.5 MHz or 1 MHz, and record the RSL accordingly until the received frequency is equal to the original received frequency plus a half of the channel spacing. Compare the recorded RSLs, and check whether the RSL in a certain spectrum is abnormal if the received frequency is within the permitted range.

f.

(3) Use a spectrum analyzer to analyze the interference source. (4) Contact the spectrum management department to clear the interference spectrum or change plans to minimize the interference. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.122 MW_RDI
Description
The MW_RDI alarm indicates that there are defects at the remote end of a radio link. This alarm occurs when the IF board detects an RDI in the radio frame overheads.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the IF port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


If the local site is configured with reverse switching, 1+1 switching on the IF board is triggered when the working and protection boards receive the MW_RDI alarm at the same time. This alarm also indicates that the services received at the opposite site are interrupted.

Possible Causes
After detecting a service alarm that is caused by the fault on a radio link, the receive end returns a radio link fault indication to the transmit end.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause: After detecting a service alarm that is caused by the fault on a radio link, the receive end returns a radio link fault indication to the transmit end. (1) Clear the microwave alarms that occur at the opposite site. The possible alarms are as follows: l MW_LOF l R_LOF l R_LOC ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.123 NESF_LOST
Description
The NESF_LOST is an alarm indicating that the NE software is lost. This alarm occurs when the system control, cross-connect, and timing board detects that the NE software in the flash memory is lost.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the routine inspection object. l 0x01: Indicates an ordinary file l 0x02: Indicates the version of the running software l 0x03: Indicates a special routine inspection object

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Name

Meaning

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the routine inspection object. l 0x01, 0x03, 0x05, and 0x07 indicate the scc.fpga, nesoft.hwx, ne.ini, and ocp.ini in the ofs1, respectively. l 0x02, 0x04, 0x06, and 0x08 indicate the scc.fpga, nesoft.hwx, ne.ini, and ocp.ini in the ofs2, respectively. Parameter 4 Alarm Cause l If the first bit is 1, it indicates that the file does not exist. l If the second bit is 1, it indicates that verification of the file fails. l If the third bit is 1, it indicates that the version of the file in the active area is different from the version of the file in the standby area. l If the fourth bit is 1, it indicates that the version of the file of the active board is different from the version of the file in the standby board.

Impact on the System


If the NE software does not exist in the active and standby areas, an NE cannot be restarted after it is powered off or reset.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: No new NE software is loaded after the existing NE software is erased. Cause 2: Loading the NE software fails. Cause 3: The portable flash memory card is not in position or is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: No new NE software is loaded after the existing NE software is erased. Cause 2: Loading the NE software fails. (1) Check whether the alarm is caused by the loading operation. If... The alarm is caused by the loading operation The alarm is not caused by the loading operation Then... Contact the Huawei engineers to re-load the software. Go to the next step.

Step 2 Cause 3: The portable flash memory card is not in position or is faulty. (1) Re-install or replace the portable flash memory card. ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.124 NESTATE_INSTALL
Description
The NESTATE_INSTALL is an alarm indicating that the NE is in the install state.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


The NE fails to work.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The logical cross-connect board is not configured. Cause 2: The NE database check fails.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The logical cross-connect board is not configured. (1) Check whether the logical cross-connect board is configured in the slot layout on the NMS. For details, see Configuring Logical Boards. Step 2 Cause 2: The NE database check fails. (1) Restore the data from the backup database. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.125 NO_BD_SOFT
Description
The NO_BD_SOFT is an alarm indicating that the board software is lost.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Meaning The value is always 0x01. Indicate the type of the lost software. l 0x01: board software l 0x02: active FPGA l 0x03: standby FPGA

Impact on the System


l l If the board software is lost, the board fails to work normally. If the FPGA is lost, the FPGA has no backup copy.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: Software loading fails to be performed correctly.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Software loading fails to be performed correctly. (1) Contact Huawei technical support engineers to re-load the software. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.126 NP1_MANUAL_STOP
Description
The NP1_MANUAL_STOP is an alarm indicating that the N+1 protection protocol is stopped manually.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1, Parameter 2 Indicate the ID of the protection group that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by protection group 1.

Impact on the System


N+1 protection may fail, or protection switching may fail.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The N+1 protection protocol is stopped manually.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The N+1 protection protocol is stopped manually. (1) Start the N+1 protection protocol. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.127 NP1_SW_FAIL
Description
The NP1_SW_FAIL is an alarm indicating that N+1 protection switching fails.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major
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Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1, Parameter 2 Indicate the ID of the protection group that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by protection group 1.

Impact on the System


Services cannot be switched. If the current paths are unavailable, the services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The parameters of the N+1 protection for the node that reports the alarm are set incorrectly. Cause 2: The networkwide N+1 protection protocol runs abnormally.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The parameters of the N+1 protection for the node that reports the alarm are set incorrectly. (1) Check whether the parameters of the N+1 protection are set correctly based on the planning information. For details, see Creating an N+1 Protection Group. If... The parameters of the N+1 protection are set incorrectly Then... Set the parameters correctly.

The parameters of the N+1 protection are set correctly Go to Cause 2. Step 2 Cause 2: The networkwide N+1 protection protocol runs abnormally. (1) Stop and restart the protocol manually. For details, see Starting/Stopping the N+1 Protection Protocol. If... The alarm clears after the protocol is restarted The alarm persists after the protocol is restarted ----End Then... End the alarm handling. Contact Huawei technical support engineers to handle the alarm.

Related Information
None.
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A.2.128 NP1_SW_INDI
Description
The NP1_SW_INDI is an alarm indicating N+1 protection switching. When the N+1 protection switching is successful, the NP1_SW_INDI alarm is reported. When the switching status is changed to the idle status, the NP1_SW_INDI alarm clears.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the protection group that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by protection group 1.

Impact on the System


During the N+1 protection switching (not more than 50 ms), the services are interrupted. After the N+1 switching is complete, the services are restored to normal. When the services are switched from the working path to the protection path, the extra services in the protection path are interrupted. When the services are switched back to the working path, the extra services in the protection path continue to be transmitted.

Possible Causes
Cause: The N+1 protection switching is performed.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The N+1 protection switching is performed. (1) Find out the cause of switching and take proper measures. l Possible external switching operations: forced switching and manual switching l Possible causes for automatic switching: fault in the hardware of the ODU or the IF board, MW_LOF, R_LOC, R_LOF, R_LOS, MS_AIS, and B2_EXC alarm
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If... The switching is caused by external switching operations The switching is automatic switching

Then... Clear the external switching operation. For details, see Performing IF N+1 Protection Switching. Clear the alarm that triggers the automatic switching.

----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.129 OPM_FAIL
Description
The OPM_FAIL is an alarm indicating that the system fails to launch optical power.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the optical interface that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by optical interface 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


The services at the optical interface that reports the alarm are interrupted.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The SFP optical module is faulty.

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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The SFP optical module is faulty. (1) Determine the optical interface that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. (2) Contact Huawei technical support engineers to replace the faulty SFP optical module with a new one of the same type. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.130 P_AIS
Description
The P_AIS is an alarm indication at a PDH interface. This alarm occurs when the tributary board detects that uplink PDH signals are all 1s.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


The signals at a specific PDH interface are unavailable.

Possible Causes
l l
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Cause 1: The opposite PDH equipment transmits the AIS signal. Cause 2: The receive unit of the tributary board on the local equipment is faulty.
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Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the opposite equipment transmits the AIS signal. If... The opposite equipment transmits the AIS signal The opposite equipment does not transmit the AIS signal Step 2 Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End Then... Rectify the fault on the opposite equipment. Go to the next step.

Related Information
None.

A.2.131 P_LOS
Description
The P_LOS is an alarm indicating that signals at a PDH interface are lost.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


PDH services are interrupted.
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Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: The port does not access PDH services. Cause 2: The opposite equipment is faulty. Cause 3: The trunk cable is faulty. Cause 4: The board that reports the alarm is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The port does not access PDH services. (1) Check whether the port accesses PDH services. If... Then...

The port does not access PDH services Enable the port to access PDH services or delete unnecessary services. The port accesses PDH services Step 2 Cause 2: The opposite equipment is faulty. (1) Check whether the opposite equipment is faulty. If... The equipment is faulty The equipment functions normally Step 3 Cause 3: The trunk cable is faulty. (1) Check whether the trunk cable is broken or cut. If... The trunk cable is broken or cut The trunk cable is in normal status Step 4 Cause 4: The board that reports the alarm is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End Then... Rectify the corresponding fault. Go to Cause 4. Then... Rectify the fault. Go to Cause 3. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.132 PROT_CONN_ERR
Description
The PROT_CONN_ERR is an alarm indicating that an exception occurs in the connection of the protection pair. This alarm is reported when the system detects any of the following conditions: A cross-connection or incorrect connection exists between the protection pair
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configured on the EMS6/EFP6 board and the IFH2 board, or the connection between the protection pair configured on the EMS6/EFP6 board and the IFH2 board is incorrect.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2 Meaning Indicates the ID of the optical interface that reports the alarm. Indicates the type of incorrect connection. l 0x00: loss of the protection group connection l 0x01: protection group mismatch l 0x02: disabled protection group Parameter 3, Parameter 4 Indicate the information about the opposite site. l When the value of Parameter 2 is 0x00, the values of Parameter 3 and Parameter 4 are 0x00 0x00. l When the value of Parameter 2 is 0x01: Parameter 3 indicates the slot ID of the board that does not match the protection group. Parameter 4 indicates the ID of the port that does not match the protection group. l When the value of Parameter 2 is 0x02: Parameter 3 indicates the slot ID of the connected board. Parameter 4 indicates the ID of the port that is connected to the port that reports the alarm.

Impact on the System


The services that travel through the protection group are unavailable or the protection function fails.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The connection between the local protection group and the opposite protection group (IFH2) fails. Cause 2: The opposite ports connected to the ports of the local protection group are not in the same protection group or are non-protection ports.
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Cause 3: The non-protection ports at the local site are connected to the protection ports of the opposite site (IFH2).

Procedure
Step 1 Handle the alarm based on the value of Parameter 2. If... The value of Parameter 2 is 0x00 The value of Parameter 2 is 0x01 The value of Parameter 2 is 0x02 Then... See Step 2. See Step 3 or Step 4. Enable the ports of the local protection group.

Step 2 Cause 1: The connection between the local protection group and the opposite protection group (IFH2) is faulty. (1) Check whether the network cables connecting the port that reports the alarm and the two IFH2 boards of the IF 1+1 protection are incorrectly connected or faulty. If... Then...

The network cables are loose or not connected Connect the network cables properly. The network cables are faulty Replace the network cables.

Step 3 Cause 2: The opposite ports connected to the ports of the local protection group are not in the same protection group or are non-protection ports. (1) Check whether the IFH2 board connected to the port that reports the alarm is in the mapping IF 1+1 protection group. If... The opposite ports are not in the same protection group The opposite ports are non-protection ports Then... Connect the ports that are in the same protection group. Enable the ports of the opposite protection group.

Step 4 Cause 3: The non-protection Ethernet ports at the local site are connected to the protection ports of the opposite site (IFH2). (1) Check whether the Ethernet ports at the local site are in the protection group. If not, configure these Ethernet ports into LAGs. For details, see Creating a LAG. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.133 PORT_MODULE_OFFLINE
Description
The PORT_MODULE_OFFLINE is an alarm indicating that a port is off line.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Meaning Indicates the ID of the port that reports the alarm. The values are always 0x00 0x01.

Impact on the System


The services at the port that reports the alarm are interrupted.

Possible Causes
The port is enabled, but the SFP module is not installed.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The port is enabled, but the SFP module is not installed. (1) Check whether the port needs to access services. If... The port needs to access services The port need not access services (2) Check whether the SFP module is installed. If... Then... Then... Go to the next step. Disable the port.

The SFP module is not installed Contact Huawei technical support engineers to install the required SFP module. The SFP module is installed (3) Re-install the SFP module. If... The alarm clears
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Go to the next step.

Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling.


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If...

Then...

The alarm persists Contact Huawei technical support engineers to replace the faulty SFP module. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.134 POWER_ALM
Description
The POWER_ALM is a power module alarm indication.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the power module that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by power module 1 of the board. Parameter 2 l 0x01: under-voltage l 0x02: over-voltage

Impact on the System


The power module is under protection. Therefore, if only one power module reports the POWER_ALM alarm, the system is not affected.

Possible Causes
l l
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Cause 1: The accessed power is abnormal. Cause 2: The power module is abnormal.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The accessed power is abnormal. (1) Use a multimeter to test the power voltage supplied to the chassis. If... The voltage is beyond the range of -38.4 V to -72 V The voltage is within the range of -38.4 V to -72 V Step 2 Cause 2: The power module is abnormal. (1) Check whether the IDU is properly grounded. (2) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End Then... Clear the alarm immediately. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
l l In the case of the IDU 620, the power modules on the two PXC boards provide 1+1 power supply backup for the system. In the case of the IDU 620, the power modules on the two FAN boards provide 1+1 power supply backup for the fan.

A.2.135 PS
Description
The PS is a protection switching alarm indication.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 1.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported in path 1.
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Impact on the System


During the switching (less than 50 ms), services are interrupted. After the switching, the services are restored to normal.

Possible Causes
Cause: Protection switching occurs in the services.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: Protection switching occurs in the services. (1) Find out the cause of the switching. (2) Cancel the manual switching command if it is carried out. (3) Browse current alarms, and check whether the path where the switching occurs reports alarms. If yes, handle the alarms. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.136 R_F_RST
Description
The R_F_RST is an alarm indicating that the receive FIFO is reset.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.
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Impact on the System


Services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The clocks at both sites are not synchronous. Cause 2: A certain board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The clocks at both sites are not synchronous. (1) Check whether a TU pointer justification performance event is reported at both sites. For details, see 7.3.6 Browsing Current Performance Events. If... Then...

A TU pointer justification performance Handle the performance event. For details, event is reported see C.2.3 TUPJCHIGH, TUPJCLOW, and TUPJCNEW. No TU pointer justification performance event is reported Step 2 Cause 2: A certain board is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.137 R_LOC
Description
The R_LOC is an alarm indicating that the clock is lost on the receive line side. This alarm is reported when the line board fails to extract the clock signal from the line signal or the IF board fails to extract the clock signal from the IF signal.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example,
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Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path.

Impact on the System


The services on the line port or the IF port are interrupted. If the system is configured with protection, protection switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The receive unit at the local site is faulty. Cause 2: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The receive unit at the local site is faulty. (1) At the local site, perform an inloop on the port of the board that reports the alarm. For details, see 7.5 Software loopback. If... Then...

The alarm persists after the loopback Replace the board that reports the alarm at the local site. The alarm clears after the loopback Go to Cause 2.

(2) Replace the board and then check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Replace the PXC board of the local site.

Step 2 Cause 2: The transmit unit at the opposite site is faulty. (1) Replace the board of the opposite site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced ----End
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Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Replace the PXC board of the opposite site.

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Related Information
None.

A.2.138 R_LOF
Description
The R_LOF is an alarm indicating that frames are lost on the receive side. This alarm is reported when the OOF state lasts for 3 ms.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path.

Impact on the System


Services are interrupted. If the system is configured with protection, protection switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: Certain other alarms occur (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). Cause 2: The line performance declines (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical or electrical line board). Cause 3: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. Cause 4: The receive unit of the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Based on the alarm parameters, determine the line port that reports the alarm. Step 2 Cause 1: Certain high-level alarms occur (if the alarm is reported by an IF board).
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(1) Check whether the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is reported if the alarm is reported by an IF board. If... The MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is reported The MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is not reported Then... Handle the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm immediately. Go to the next step.

(2) Perform an inloop on the IF port that reports the alarm. If... The alarm clears after the inloop is performed The alarm persists after the inloop is performed Then... Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is reported when the transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is reported when the receive unit of the local site is faulty.

Step 3 Cause 2: The line performance declines (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical or electrical line board). (1) Exchange the receive/transmit fiber jumpers or cables at the receive and transmit ends. If... The alarm persists after the exchange Then... Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is reported when the transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty.

The line port of the opposite site reports Rectify the fault on fibers or cables. the R_LOF alarm Step 4 Cause 3: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. (1) Replace the line board (SDH optical/electrical line board or IF board) of the opposite site. For details, see 6 Part Replacement. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step.

(2) Replace the PXC board of the opposite site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is reported when the receive unit of the local site is faulty.
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Step 5 Cause 4: The receive unit of the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. For details, see 6 Part Replacement. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.139 R_LOS
Description
In the case of SDH line boards, the R_LOS is an alarm indicating that the signals on the receive line side are lost. In the case of IF boards, the R_LOS is an alarm indicating that the microwave frames on the receive line side are lost.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


Services are interrupted. If the system is configured with protection, protection switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l
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Cause 1: Certain other alarms occur (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). Cause 2: The line performance declines (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical or electrical line board). Cause 3: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty.
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Cause 4: The receive unit of the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Based on the alarm parameter, determine the line port that reports the alarm. Step 2 Cause 1: Certain high-level alarms occur (if the alarm is reported by an IF board). (1) Check whether the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is reported if the alarm is reported by an IF board. If... The MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is reported The MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is not reported Then... Handle the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm immediately. Go to the next step.

(2) Perform an inloop on the IF port that reports the alarm. If... The alarm clears after the inloop is performed The alarm persists after the inloop is performed Then... Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is reported when the transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is reported when the receive unit of the local site is faulty.

Step 3 Cause 2: The line performance declines (if the alarm is reported by an SDH optical or electrical line board). (1) Exchange the receive/transmit fiber jumpers or cables at the receive and transmit ends. If... The alarm persists after the exchange Then... Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is reported when the transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty.

The line port of the opposite site reports Rectify the fault on fibers or cables. the R_LOF alarm Step 4 Cause 3: The transmit unit of the opposite site is faulty. (1) Replace the line board (SDH optical/electrical line board or IF board) of the opposite site. For details, see 6 Part Replacement. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step.

(2) Replace the PXC board of the opposite site.


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If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced

Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is reported when the receive unit of the local site is faulty.

Step 5 Cause 4: The receive unit of the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. For details, see 6 Part Replacement. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.140 R_S_ERR
Description
The R_S_ERR is an alarm indicating that the received signal has errors.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


Services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l
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Cause 1: The frequency offset of the received signal is large.


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Cause 2: A certain board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The frequency offset of the received signal is large. (1) Check whether the tributary board supports the type of the received signal. If... The tributary board does not support the type of the received signal Then... Change the type of the signal transmitted from the opposite site.

The tributary board supports the type of Go to the next step. the received signal (2) Test the frequency offset of the received signal. If... The frequency offset is large The frequency offset meets the requirement Step 2 Cause 2: A certain board is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End Then... Troubleshoot the opposite site. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.141 RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF
Description
The RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF is an alarm indicating that the mean receive power of the ODUs are lower than the threshold of the receive power (the threshold value is about the receiver sensitivity plus 14 dB). When the receive power of the ODUs in consecutive six hours is lower than the threshold, the system reports the alarm. When the mean receive power of the ODUs becomes normal in three minutes after the alarm is reported, the alarm clears.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the
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following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Parameter 4, Parameter 5 Meaning The value is always 0x01. The values are always 0xff 0xff. The values are always 0xff 0xff.

Impact on the System


If the MW_LOF or MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is not generated, services are not affected.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: The ODU fault at the transmit end causes abnormal transmit power. Cause 2: The direction of the antenna is deflected. Cause 3: Transmission environment changes. Cause 4: The fading margin in the case of rain and fog in the network planning is insufficient.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The ODU fault at the transmit end causes abnormal transmit power. (1) Check whether the ODU at the transmit end reports the RADIO_TSL_LOW alarm. If... The ODU at the transmit end reports the RADIO_TSL_LOW alarm Then... Handle the RADIO_TSL_LOW alarm.

The ODU at the opposite end does not report the Go to Cause 2. RADIO_TSL_LOW alarm Step 2 Cause 2: The direction of the antenna is deflected. (1) Check whether the direction of the antenna is deflected. If... The direction of the antenna is deflected The direction of the antenna is not deflected Step 3 Cause 3: Transmission environment changes. (1) Check whether the transmission environment changes. For example, check whether any building blocks the transmission and increases the link fading significantly. If... The transmission environment changes Then... Contact the network planning department for replanning the transmission trail.
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Then... Adjust the direction of the antenna. Go to Cause 3.

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If... The transmission environment does not change

Then... Go to Cause 4.

Step 4 Cause 4: The fading margin in the case of rain and fog in the network planning is insufficient. (1) If the alarm is reported frequently, contact the network planning department for increasing the fading margin by replanning the transmission trail. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.142 RADIO_MUTE
Description
The RADIO_MUTE is an alarm indicating that the radio transmitter is muted.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Warning Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the RF port that reports the alarm.

Impact on the System


The transmitter does not transmit services.

Possible Causes
l l l l
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Cause 1: Certain other alarms occur. Cause 2: The transmitter of the local site is muted manually. Cause 3: The IF board is faulty, causing abnormal IF output. Cause 4: The data output is abnormal because the ODU is faulty.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Certain other alarms occur. (1) Check whether the CONFIG_NOSUPPORT or IF_INPWR_ABN alarm is generated. If yes, clear the alarm immediately. Step 2 Cause 2: The transmitter of the local site is muted manually. (1) Check whether the transmitter of the ODU is muted. For details, see Configuring the IF/ ODU Information of a Radio Link. If yes, unmute the ODU. Then, enable the ODU to transmit signals. Step 3 Cause 3: The IF board is faulty, causing abnormal IF output. (1) Replace the IF board. Step 4 Cause 4: The data output is abnormal because the ODU is faulty. (1) 6.12 Replacing an ODU. ----End

Related Information
The number of the logical slot for the ODU is the number of the slot for the IF board connected to the ODU plus 10.

A.2.143 RADIO_RSL_BEYONDTH
Description
The RADIO_RSL_BEYONDTH is an alarm indicating that antennas are not aligned. When the receivable power is set on an NE, the NE enables the antenna alignment indication function automatically. If the actual receive power of the ODU is lower than the preset receive power minus 3 dB, the RADIO_RSL_BEYONDTH alarm is reported. Then, if the antennas are aligned for continuous 30 minutes, the antenna alignment indication function is disabled automatically. Afterwards, the RADIO_RSL_BEYONDTH alarm is reported only when the RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF alarm is reported.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Parameter 4, Parameter 5

Meaning The value is always 0x01. The values are always 0xff 0xff. The values are always 0xff 0xff.

Impact on the System


If the MW_LOF or MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is not generated, services are not affected.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: Antennas are not aligned during the equipment commissioning. Cause 2: The RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF is reported when the NE is running.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Antennas are not aligned during the equipment commissioning. (1) Align the antennas, and ensure that the actual receive power is within the range of preset receive power +/-3 dB. Step 2 Cause 2: The RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF is reported when the NE is running. (1) Handle the RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF alarm. When the RADIO_FADING_MARGIN_INSUFF alarm clears, the RADIO_RSL_BEYONDTH alarm clears. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.144 RADIO_RSL_HIGH
Description
The RADIO_RSL_HIGH is an alarm indicating that the radio receive power is high. This alarm is reported if the detected receive power is equal to or higher than the upper threshold of the ODU (-20 dBm).

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the
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following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the RF port that reports the alarm.

Impact on the System


Normal transmission of services is affected. If the system is configured with 1+1 protection, protection switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The local ODU is faulty. Cause 2: There is a strong interference source nearby. Cause 3: The transmit power of the opposite ODU is high.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The local ODU is faulty. (1) Replace the ODU. Step 2 Cause 2: There is a strong interference source nearby. (1) Check whether any nearby signal source transmits signals whose frequency is close to the specified range. If yes, check whether the signal source can be closed or moved. If not, contact the network planning department for replanning the frequency. Step 3 Cause 3: The transmit power of the opposite ODU is high. (1) Reset the transmit power of the opposite ODU. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.145 RADIO_RSL_LOW
Description
The RADIO_RSL_LOW is an alarm indicating that the radio receive power is low. This alarm is reported if the detected receive power is equal to or lower than the lower threshold of the ODU (-90 dBm).

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the RF port that reports the alarm.

Impact on the System


If no MW_LOF or MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is generated, services are not affected.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: Certain other alarms occur at the opposite site. Cause 2: The transmit power of the opposite site is low. Cause 3: The local ODU is faulty. Cause 4: Signal attenuation on the radio link is heavy.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Certain other alarms occur at the opposite site. Check whether any of the following alarms is generated on the equipment of the opposite site. If yes, clear the alarm immediately. l RADIO_MUTE l CONFIG_NOSUPPORT l RADIO_TSL_LOW l BD_STATUS Step 2 Cause 2: The transmit power of the opposite site is low. (1) Check whether the transmit power of the opposite site is normal. For details, see Configuring the IF/ODU Information of a Radio Link. If the transmit power is abnormal, replace the ODU of the opposite site. Step 3 Cause 3: The local ODU is faulty. (1) Replace the ODU of the local site. Step 4 Cause 4: Signal attenuation on the radio link is heavy. (1) Browse history alarms, and check whether the RADIO_RSL_LOW alarm occurs continuously.
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If the alarm occurs occasionally, contact the network planning department to change the design to improve anti-fading performance. (2) Check whether the antennas at both ends are aligned. If the antennas are not aligned, align the antennas again. (3) Check whether any mountain or building obstacle exists in the transmit direction. If yes, contact the network planning department for proper modification to the planning design, therefore avoiding the block of the mountain or building obstacle. (4) Check whether the polarization direction of the antenna, ODU, and hybrid coupler at both ends is set correctly. If not, correct the polarization direction. (5) Check whether the outdoor units such as the antenna, hybrid coupler, ODU, and flexible waveguide are wet, damp, or damaged. If yes, replace the unit that is wet, damp, or damaged. For details, see 6 Part Replacement. (6) Check whether the antenna gain at both the transmit and receive ends meets the requirement. If not, replace the antenna. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.146 RADIO_TSL_HIGH
Description
The RADIO_TSL_HIGH is an alarm indicating that the radio transmit power is high. This alarm is reported if the detected transmit power is higher than the upper power threshold of the ODU.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1
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Meaning Indicates the RF port that reports the alarm.


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Impact on the System


Normal transmission of services is affected. If the system is configured with 1+1 protection, protection switching may be triggered.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The ODU is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The ODU is faulty. (1) Replace the ODU. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.147 RADIO_TSL_LOW
Description
The RADIO_TSL_LOW is an alarm indicating that the radio transmit power is low. This alarm is reported if the detected transmit power is less than the lower power threshold of the ODU.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the RF port that reports the alarm.

Impact on the System


Normal transmission of services is affected. If the system is configured with 1+1 protection, protection switching may be triggered.
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Possible Causes
Cause 1: The ODU is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The ODU is faulty. (1) Replace the ODU. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.148 RELAY_ALARM
Description
The RELAY_ALARM is an alarm indicating relay errors.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Environment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the input alarm signal. For example, 0x01 indicates that the reported external alarm is from the first input alarm signal.

Impact on the System


None.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: There is an input alarm signal.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: There is an input alarm signal.
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(1) Based on the alarm parameter, determine the ID of the input alarm signal. (2) Rectify the fault according the meaning of the input alarm signal. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.149 RMFA
Description
The RMFA is an alarm indicating the loss of multiframe alignment at the remote end. This alarm occurs when the local end detects all 1s of the remote indication bits in Z consecutive CAS multiframes (Z = 1 to 5) of the framed E1/T1 input.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the optical interface. The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the path ID. Parameter 4, Parameter 5 Reserved. The values are always 0xff.

Impact on the System


When the alarm occurs, the services at the local site are not affected. The alarm indicates that the LMFA alarm occurs at the opposite end.

Possible Causes
The LMFA alarm occurs at the opposite end.

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the opposite end of the alarmed path reports the LMFA alarm. If yes, clear the LMFA alarm. Then, the RMFA alarm at the local end clears. ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.150 RP_LOC
Description
The RP_LOC is an alarm indicating that the clock of the receive phase-locked loop is lost.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


The services on the board are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The service configuration data is incorrect. Cause 2: The board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The service configuration data is incorrect. (1) Check whether the service is correctly configured. If... The service is configured incorrectly The service is configured correctly Step 2 Cause 2: The board is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End Then... Reconfigure the service. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.151 RPS_INDI
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Description
The RPS_INDI is a radio protection switching alarm indication.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2 Meaning Indicates the ID of the protection group. Indicates the type of protection switching. 0x01: HSB protection switching 0x02: HSM protection switching

Impact on the System


During the HSB protection switching, services are interrupted. After the HSB switching is complete, the services are restored to normal. During the HSM protection switching, no bit errors occur and services are not affected.

Possible Causes
l The possible causes of the HSB protection switching are as follows: Cause 1: An external switching event occurs. Cause 2: An automatic switching event occurs. Cause 3: A reverse switching event occurs. l Possible cause of the HSM protection switching: At the local site, the radio link in the receive direction is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the type of the protection switching based on the alarm parameter. Step 2 Cause 1 of HSB switching: An external switching event occurs. That is, a command is issued on the NMS to trigger the switching. (1) Check whether the switching is the forced switching or manual switching. For details, see Querying the IF 1+1 Protection Status.
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If...

Then...

The switching is the forced switching or Find the cause and clear the switching manual switching immediately. The switching is not the forced switching or manual switching Go to Cause 2 of HSB switching.

Step 3 Cause 2 of HSB switching: An automatic switching event occurs. That is, the equipment is faulty, or the service is defective. (1) Check whether the following faults or alarms occur. If yes, rectify the faults or clear the alarms. l Hardware fault on the IF board, or hardware fault on the ODU l POWER_ALM or VOLT_LOS l RADIO_TSL_HIGH, RADIO_TSL_LOW, or RADIO_RSL_HIGH l IF_INPWR_ABN or CONFIG_NOSUPPORT l R_LOC, R_LOF, R_LOS, or MW_LOF
NOTE

l If the switching is non-revertive, the services are not automatically switched back to the working path when the working path is restored to normal, and the RPS_INDI alarm persists. In this case, you need to manually switch the services from the protection path to the working path. The RPS_INDI alarm clears only when the switching is successful. l If the switching is revertive, the services are automatically switched back to the working path when the specified wait-to-restore (WTR) time expires after the working path is restored to normal. The RPS_INDI alarm clears only when the switching is successful.

Step 4 Cause 3 of HSB switching: A reverse switching event occurs. (1) Check whether the active and standby IF boards report the MW_RDI alarm. If yes, clear the MW_RDI alarm immediately. Step 5 Cause of the HSM switching: The radio link is faulty. (1) Check whether any alarm that triggers HSM switching is generated on the IF board in the IF 1+1 protection group. If yes, clear the alarm immediately. HSM switching may be triggered by any of the following alarms: l R_LOC, R_LOF, R_LOS, or MW_LOF l MW_FEC_UNCOR l B1_SD or B2_SD ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.152 RS_CROSSTR
Description
The RS_CROSSTR is an alarm indicating that the regenerator section performance indicator crosses the threshold. This alarm is reported if a board detects that the regenerator section performance event crosses the preset threshold.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. Parameter 4, Parameter 5 l The higher two bits of Parameter 4 indicate the performance monitoring period (01 for 15 minutes, and 02 for 24 hours). l The lower six bits of Parameter 4 and Parameter 5 indicate the ID of a performance event.

Impact on the System


A large number of bit errors occur in services, and the services may be interrupted.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The regenerator section bit error performance event crosses the preset threshold.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The regenerator section bit error performance event crosses the preset threshold. (1) Find out the regenerator section bit error performance event that crosses the threshold. For details, see 7.3.8 Browsing the Performance Event Threshold-Crossing Records. (2) Handle the performance event that crosses the threshold. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.153 RTC_FAIL
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Description
The RTC_FAIL is an alarm indicating that the real-time clock (RTC) of the equipment fails.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


None.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The synchronization period on the NMS is long. Cause 2: The RTC on the SCC board malfunctions.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The synchronization period on the NMS is long. (1) Modify the synchronization period on the NMS to one day. For details, see Synchronizing NE Time. Step 2 Cause 2: The RTC on the SCC board malfunctions. (1) Reset the SCC board. If... Then...

The alarm clears after the board is reset Reset the NE clock and end the alarm handling. The alarm persists after the board is reset ----End Replace the SCC board.

Related Information
None.

A.2.154 S1_SYN_CHANGE
Description
The S1_SYN_CHANGE is an alarm indicating that the clock source is switched in S1 byte mode.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning l 0x01: The system clock is switched. l 0x02: The 2M phase-locked loop is switched.

Impact on the System


After the clock source is switched, the lower quality of the newly traced clock source causes pointer justifications and some bit errors. As a result, the quality of services is affected.

Possible Causes
The original clock source is lost when the SSM protocol or extended SSM protocol is enabled.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The original clock source is lost when the SSM protocol or extended SSM protocol is enabled. (1) Handle the SYNC_C_LOS alarm reported by the original clock source. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.155 SWDL_ACTIVATED_TIMEOUT
Description
The SWDL_ACTIVATED_TIMEOUT is an alarm indicating that the commit operation is not performed during software package loading. During package loading, the system reports the alarm if the commit operation is not performed within 30 minutes after activation of the board.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


If an NE fails to perform the commit operation for a long period, the software in the two areas of the double-area boards is inconsistent.

Possible Causes
Certain radio links are faulty. As a result, the NE involved in the package loading fails to receive the commit command.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: Certain radio links are faulty. As a result, the NE involved in the package loading fails to receive the commit command. (1) Check whether any radio link is faulty. If... Then...

Certain radio links are faulty Rectify the faults on the radio links and ensure that the links between the nodes on which the software package is loaded are normal. Radio links are normal ----End Perform the package loading to the NE again.

Related Information
None.

A.2.156 SWDL_AUTOMATCH_INH
Description
The SWDL_AUTOMATCH_INH is an alarm indicating that the automatic match function is disabled. When the automatic match function of the board is disabled, the system reports the alarm if the board cannot find out the mapping software from the software on the SCC board.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


When an NE is installed with a board whose software version is not consistent, and if the board fails to find out the mapping software from the software on the SCC board, the software versions of the entire NE are inconsistent. As a result, certain functions of the NE cannot run normally.

Possible Causes
The automatic match function is disabled.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The automatic match function is disabled. (1) Contact Huawei technical support engineers for troubleshooting. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.157 SWDL_COMMIT_FAIL
Description
The SWDL_COMMIT_FAIL is an alarm indicating that the commit operation on an NE fails. This alarm is reported when the commit operation fails in the package diffusion.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
None.
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Impact on the System


When the SWDL_COMMIT_FAIL alarm occurs, the software versions in the two areas of the double-area board are inconsistent.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: The loaded software package is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The loaded software package is incorrect. (1) Check whether the loaded software package is correct. (2) Perform the package diffusion again for the NE that reports the SWDL_COMMIT_FAIL alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.158 SWDL_CHGMNG_NOMATCH
Description
The SWDL_CHGMNG_NOMATCH is an alarm indicating that the board software version and the version of the running software are inconsistent. This alarm is reported when the system detects that the software version of any online board is inconsistent with the version of the running software after the SCC board is replaced.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


When the SWDL_CHGMNG_NOMATCH alarm is reported, certain functions of the NE may be affected because the board software version is inconsistent with the version of the running software.

Possible Causes
The software package of the SCC board does not match the software version of the board after the SCC board is replaced. In this case, the SWDL_CHGMNG_NOMATCH alarm is reported.
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Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The software package of the SCC board does not match the software version of the board after the SCC board is replaced. In this case, the SWDL_CHGMNG_NOMATCH alarm is reported. (1) Perform the package diffusion again for the NE that reports the SWDL_CHGMNG_NOMATCH alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.159 SWDL_INPROCESS
Description
The SWDL_INPROCESS is an alarm indicating that the package diffusion is in process on the NE.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Warning Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


When the SWDL_INPROCESS alarm is reported, the operations, such as modifying configuration, uploading/downloading files, and backing up the database, are not allowed, because the software package is being loaded to the NE.

Possible Causes
Cause: The package diffusion is being performed on the NE.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The package diffusion is being performed on the NE. (1) The SWDL_INPROCESS alarm clears automatically after the loading or rollback is complete. Hence, this alarm does not require handling. ----End

Related Information
None.
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A.2.160 SWDL_NEPKGCHECK
Description
The SWDL_NEPKGCHECK is an alarm indicating that a certain file of the package stored in the flash memory of the NE is lost. During the routine inspection on the flash memory in the double areas of the SCC board, the NE software detects that a certain file of the package in one area is missing or cannot be verified. If the corresponding file in the other area is normal, the NE software recovers the missing or faulty file with the normal one. This alarm is reported when the file is found missing and cannot be recovered at the end of the routine inspection. This alarm clears when the file is recovered in the next routine inspection.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


A certain file of the package is missing and the NE may malfunction.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: Certain files are missing and cannot be recovered.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Certain files are missing and cannot be recovered. (1) Ensure that the loaded software package is correct. Perform package diffusion again for the NE that reports the SWDL_NEPKGCHECK alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.161 SWDL_PKG_NOBDSOFT
Description
The SWDL_PKG_NOBDSOFT is an alarm indicating that certain board software is missing in the software package. This alarm is reported when the required software is missing in the software package during the automatic match of the board.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


The board cannot perform automatic match, because the required board software is missing in the software package. Therefore, the board software version is inconsistent with the NE software version, and certain functions of the NE may be affected.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: Certain board software is not loaded during software package loading.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Certain board software is not loaded during software package loading. (1) Add the required board software to the software package, Alternatively, perform software package loading again. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.162 SWDL_ROLLBACK_FAIL
Description
The SWDL_ROLLBACK_FAIL is an alarm indicating that an NE rollback fails. If a board rollback fails when the NE rollback is being performed, this alarm is reported.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Processing alarm

Parameters
None.
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Impact on the System


The board software version fails to match the NE software version, and therefore certain functions of the NE may be affected.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: Certain board software is not loaded during software package loading.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Certain board software is not loaded during software package loading. (1) Add the required board software to the software package. Alternatively, perform software package loading again. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.163 SYN_BAD
Description
The SYN_BAD is an alarm indicating that the quality of the synchronization source declines.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


The NE clock fails to be locked.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The quality of the synchronization source declines. Cause 2: The cross-connect unit is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The quality of the synchronization source declines. (1) Take different measures based on the traced synchronization source.
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If... The traced synchronization source is an external clock The traced synchronization source is a line clock

Then... Perform Steps Step 1.2 to Step 1.4. Replace the PXC board of the upstream NE.

(2) Check whether the configuration of the external clock is correct. If... The configuration is incorrect The configuration is correct Then... Change the configuration data. Go to the next step.

(3) Check whether the opposite equipment that provides the clock source is faulty. If... The equipment is faulty The equipment functions normally Then... Rectify the fault. Go to the next step.

(4) Check whether the cable that is connected to the external clock source is in normal status. If... The cable is not in normal status The cable is in normal status Step 2 Cause 2: The cross-connect unit is faulty. (1) Replace the PXC board. ----End Then... Replace the cable. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.164 SYNC_C_LOS
Description
The SYNC_C_LOS is an alarm indicating that the synchronization source is lost.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Warning Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the
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following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning l If the line clock source is lost, the first parameter indicates the slot ID of the clock source, and the second parameter indicates the port ID of the clock source. l If the external clock source is lost, "0xf0, 1" indicate external clock 1, and "0xf0, 2" indicate external clock 2.

Parameter 1, Parameter 2 Indicate one lost clock source.

Impact on the System


The performance of the NE clock declines, or even the NE clock enters the free-run mode.

Possible Causes
The clock source is lost.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: The clock source is lost. (1) Based on the alarm parameter, determine the lost clock source. (2) Based on the clock source priority table, determine the synchronization source corresponding to the lost clock source. If... The synchronization source is an external clock The synchronization source is a line clock The synchronization source is an IF clock The synchronization source is a tributary clock ----End Then... Handle the EXT_SYNC_LOS alarm. Handle the alarm that occurs on the line board. Handle the alarm that occurs on the IF board. Handle the alarm that occurs on the tributary board.

Related Information
None.

A.2.165 T_ALOS
Description
The T_ALOS is an alarm indicating that analog signals are lost at the 2 Mbit/s interface.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


2 Mbit/s services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: The interface does not access 2 Mbit/s services. Cause 2: The opposite equipment is faulty. Cause 3: The trunk cable is faulty. Cause 4: The board that reports the alarm is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The interface does not access 2 Mbit/s services. (1) Check whether the interface accesses 2 Mbit/s services. If... Then...

The interface does not access services Enable the port to access services or delete unnecessary services. The interface accesses services Step 2 Cause 2: The opposite equipment is faulty. (1) Check whether the opposite equipment is faulty. If... The equipment is faulty The equipment runs normally
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Go to Cause 2.

Then... Rectify the fault. Go to Cause 3.


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Step 3 Cause 3: The trunk cable is faulty. (1) Check whether the trunk cable is faulty. If... The trunk cable is faulty The trunk cable is in normal status Step 4 Cause 4: The board that reports the alarm is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End Then... Rectify the fault. Go to Cause 4.

Related Information
None.

A.2.166 T_F_RST
Description
The T_F_RST is an alarm indicating that the transmit FIFO is reset.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


Services in the PDH path are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l
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Cause 1: The frequency offset of the transmitted signal is large.


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Cause 2: A certain board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The frequency offset of the transmitted signal is large. (1) Test the frequency offset of the transmitted signal. If... The frequency offset is large The frequency offset meets the requirement Step 2 Cause 2: A certain board is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End Then... Troubleshoot the opposite site. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.167 T_LOC
Description
The T_LOC is an alarm indicating that the clock is lost on the transmit line side.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicates the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the SDH signal.
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Impact on the System


Services in the AU-4 path that reports the alarm are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The PXC board is faulty. Cause 2: The line board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The PXC board is faulty. (1) Replace the PXC board of the local site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Step 2 Cause 2: The line board is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. For details, see 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board or 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board. ----End Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.168 T_LOS
Description
The T_LOS is an alarm indicating that signals are lost on the transmit line side.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name Parameter 1

Meaning Indicates the ID of the line port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by port 1 of the corresponding board.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the AU-4 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by AU-4 path 1 of the SDH signal.

Impact on the System


Services in the AU-4 path that reports the alarm are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The SDH service configuration does not match the type of the line board. Cause 2: The PXC board is faulty. Cause 3: The line board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The SDH service configuration does not match the type of the line board. (1) Check the SDH service configuration. If... The SDH service configuration does not match the type of the line board The SDH service configuration is correct Step 2 Cause 2: The PXC board is faulty. (1) Replace the PXC board of the local site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Step 3 Cause 3: The line board is faulty. (1) Replace the line board that reports the alarm at the local site. For details, see 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board or 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board. ----End Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to Cause 3. Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.
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A.2.169 TEMP_ALARM
Description
The TEMP_ALARM alarm indicates that the board temperature crosses the threshold.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Environment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning l 0x01: The temperature crosses the upper threshold. l 0x02: The temperature crosses the lower threshold.

Impact on the System


The board fails to work normally.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The board temperature crosses the threshold. Cause 2: The temperature detection circuit of the board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The board temperature crosses the threshold. (1) If the alarm is reported by the ODU, take appropriate measures (for example, installing a sunshade) to control the temperature. (2) If the alarm is reported by a board of the IDU, check whether the temperature control devices, such as air-conditioners, operate normally. If... The temperature control devices malfunction The temperature control devices work normally Then... Adjust the temperature control devices. Go to the next step.

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(3) Check whether the heat dissipation hole on the IDU is covered or blocked. If... The heat dissipation hole is covered or blocked The heat dissipation hole is not covered or blocked Then... Clear or remove the covering materials or obstacles. Go to the next step.

(4) Clear the alarm according to the type of the IDU. If... The IDU is not equipped with a dust filter Then... Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is generated when the temperature detection circuit of a board is faulty. Go to the next step.

The IDU is equipped with a dust filter

(5) Clean the dust filter. If... The alarm clears after the dust filter is cleaned The alarm persists after the dust filter is cleaned Then... End the alarm handling. Clear the alarm according to the solution for the alarm that is generated when the temperature detection circuit of a board is faulty.

Step 2 Cause 2: The temperature detection circuit of the board is faulty. (1) If the ambient temperature is normal and no heat dissipation problem exists, replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.170 TU_AIS
Description
The AU_AIS is an indication of TU alarms. This alarm occurs when a board detects the TU path of all 1s.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


When the TU_AIS alarm occurs, the services in the alarmed TU path are interrupted. If the services are configured with protection, the protection switching is also triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. Cause 2: The line is faulty. Cause 3: The board at the opposite end is faulty. Cause 4: The board at the local end is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. (1) Check whether the SDH service data is correct. For details, see Creating Cross-Connections of Point-to-Point Services. If... The SDH service data is incorrect The SDH service data is correct Step 2 Cause 2: The line is faulty. (1) Check whether a line alarm that causes AIS insertion is reported on the service trail.
NOTE

Then... Change the configuration data. Go to Cause 2.

For details about the line alarms that cause AIS insertion, see E.2.6 AIS Insertion.

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If... The line alarm is reported No line alarms are reported

Then... Change the configuration data. Go to step 3.

Step 3 Locate whether the board at the local end or at the opposite end is faulty. For details, see 7.5 Software loopback. If... The board at the opposite end is faulty The board at the local end is faulty Step 4 Cause 3: The board at the opposite end is faulty. (1) In this case, replace the faulty board at the opposite end. Step 5 Cause 4: The board at the local end is faulty. (1) Replace the line board at the local site. For details, see 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board or 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced (2) Replace the PXC board of the local site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced (3) Replace the board that reports the alarm. If... A tributary board reports the alarm An IF board reports the alarm ----End Then... Replace the PDH interface board. Replace the IF board. Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step. Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step. Then... Go to Cause 3. Go to Cause 4.

Related Information
None.

A.2.171 TU_AIS_VC12
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Description
The TU_AIS_VC12 is an indication of TU alarms at VC-12 level. This alarm occurs when a board detects TU pointers of all 1s.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 1.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-12 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-12 path 1 of the related board.

Impact on the System


When the TU_AIS_VC12 alarm occurs, the services in the alarmed VC-12 path are interrupted. If the service is configured with protection, the protection switching is also triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. Cause 2: The line is faulty. Cause 3: The board at the opposite end is faulty. Cause 4: The board at the local end is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. (1) See Creating Cross-Connections of Point-to-Point Services to check whether the SDH service data is incorrect. If... The SDH service data is incorrect The SDH service data is correct Step 2 Cause 2: The line is faulty.
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Then... Change the configuration data. Go to Cause 2.

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(1) Check whether a line alarm that causes AIS insertion is reported on the service trail.
NOTE

For details about the line alarms that cause AIS insertion, see E.2.6 AIS Insertion.

If... The line alarm is reported No line alarms are reported

Then... Change the configuration data. Go to step 3.

Step 3 Locate whether the board at the local end or at the opposite end is faulty. For details, see 7.5.5 Setting Loopback for the Ethernet Service Processing Board. If... The board at the opposite end is faulty The board at the local end is faulty Step 4 Cause 3: The board at the opposite end is faulty. (1) In this case, replace the faulty board at the opposite end. Step 5 Cause 4: The board at the local end is faulty. (1) Replace the line board at the local site. For details, see 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board or 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced (2) Replace the PXC board of the local site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced ----End Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Replace the alarmed board. Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step. Then... Go to Cause 3. Go to Cause 4.

Related Information
None.

A.2.172 TU_AIS_VC3
Description
The TU_AIS_VC3 is a TU alarm indication at VC-3 level. This alarm occurs when a board detects TU pointers of all 1s.
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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-3 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported by VC-3 path 1.

Impact on the System


When the TU_AIS_VC3 alarm occurs, the services in the alarmed VC-3 path are interrupted. If the services are configured with protection, the protection switching is triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. Cause 2: The line is faulty. Cause 3: The board at the opposite end is faulty. Cause 4: The board at the local end is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. (1) Check whether the SDH service data is correct. For details, see Creating Cross-Connections of Point-to-Point Services. If... The SDH service data is incorrect The SDH service data is correct Step 2 Cause 2: The line is faulty. (1) Check whether a line alarm that causes AIS insertion is reported on the service trail.
NOTE

Then... Change the configuration data. Go to Cause 2.

For details about the line alarms that cause AIS insertion, see E.2.6 AIS Insertion.

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If... The line alarm is reported No line alarms are reported

Then... Change the configuration data. Go to Step 3.

Step 3 Locate whether the board at the local end or at the opposite end is faulty. For details, see 7.5.5 Setting Loopback for the Ethernet Service Processing Board. If... The board at the opposite end is faulty The board at the local end is faulty Step 4 Cause 3: The board at the opposite end is faulty. (1) Replace the faulty board at the opposite end. Step 5 Cause 4: The board at the local end is faulty. (1) Replace the line board at the local end. For details, see 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board or 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced (2) Replace the PXC board of the local site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced ----End Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Replace the alarmed board. Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step. Then... Go to Cause 3. Go to Cause 4.

Related Information
None.

A.2.173 TU_LOP
Description
The TU_LOP is an alarm indicating that the TU pointer is lost. This alarm is reported if a board detects that the TU-PTR value is an invalid pointer or NDF reversion in eight consecutive frames.

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Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


Services in the TU path that reports the alarm are interrupted. If the services are configured with protection, protection switching is also triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. Cause 2: The board at the opposite site is faulty. Cause 3: The board at the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. (1) Check whether the SDH service data is correct. For details, see Creating Cross-Connections of Point-to-Point Services. If... The SDH service data is incorrect The SDH service data is correct Then... Change the configuration data. Go to Step 2.

Step 2 Locate whether the board at the local site or at the opposite site is faulty. For details, see 7.5 Software loopback. If... The board at the opposite site is faulty The board at the local site is faulty Step 3 Cause 2: The board at the opposite site is faulty.
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Then... Go to Cause 2. Go to Cause 3.

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(1) In this case, replace the faulty board at the opposite site. Step 4 Cause 3: The board at the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the line board at the local site. For details, see 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board or 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced (2) Replace the PXC board of the local site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced (3) Replace the board that reports the alarm. If... A tributary board reports the alarm An IF board reports the alarm ----End Then... Replace the PDH interface board. Replace the IF board. Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step. Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step.

Related Information
None.

A.2.174 TU_LOP_VC12
Description
The TU_LOP_VC12 is an alarm indicating that the VC-12 TU pointer is lost. This alarm is reported if a board detects that the VC-12 TU-PTR value is an invalid pointer or NDF reversion in eight consecutive frames.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the
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following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 1.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-12 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VC-12 path 1 of the corresponding board.

Impact on the System


Services in the TU path that reports the alarm are interrupted. If the services are configured with protection, protection switching is also triggered.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. Cause 2: The board at the opposite site is faulty. Cause 3: The board at the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. (1) Check whether the SDH service data is correct. For details, see Creating Cross-Connections of Point-to-Point Services. If... The SDH service data is incorrect The SDH service data is correct Then... Change the configuration data. Go to Step 2.

Step 2 Locate whether the board at the local site or at the opposite site is faulty. For details, see 7.5.5 Setting Loopback for the Ethernet Service Processing Board. If... The board at the opposite site is faulty The board at the local site is faulty Step 3 Cause 2: The board at the opposite site is faulty. (1) In this case, replace the faulty board at the opposite site. Step 4 Cause 3: The board at the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the line board at the local site. For details, see 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board or 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced
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Then... Go to Cause 3. Go to Cause 4.

Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling.


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If... The alarm persists after the board is replaced (2) Replace the PXC board of the local site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced ----End

Then... Go to the next step.

Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Replace the board that reports the alarm.

Related Information
None.

A.2.175 TU_LOP_VC3
Description
The TU_LOP_VC3 is an alarm indicating that the VC-3 TU pointer is lost. This alarm is reported if a board detects that the VC-3 TU-PTR value is an invalid pointer or NDF reversion in eight consecutive frames.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-3 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VC-3 path 1.

Impact on the System


Services in the TU path that reports the alarm are interrupted. If the services are configured with protection, protection switching is also triggered.
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Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. Cause 2: The board at the opposite site is faulty. Cause 3: The board at the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. (1) Check whether the SDH service data is correct. For details, see Creating Cross-Connections of Point-to-Point Services. If... The SDH service data is incorrect The SDH service data is correct Then... Change the configuration data. Go to Step 2.

Step 2 Locate whether the board at the local site or at the opposite site is faulty. For details, see 7.5 Software loopback. If... The board at the opposite site is faulty The board at the local site is faulty Step 3 Cause 2: The board at the opposite site is faulty. (1) Replace the faulty board at the opposite site. Step 4 Cause 3: The board at the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the line board at the local site. For details, see 6.3 Replacing the SDH Optical Interface Board or 6.4 Replacing the SDH Electrical Interface Board. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced (2) Replace the PXC board of the local site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced (3) Replace the board that reports the alarm. If... A tributary board reports the alarm
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Then... Go to Cause 2. Go to Cause 3.

Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step.

Then... The fault is rectified. End the alarm handling. Go to the next step.

Then... Replace the PDH interface board.


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If... An IF board reports the alarm ----End

Then... Replace the IF board.

Related Information
None.

A.2.176 UP_E1_AIS
Description
The UP_E1_AIS is an alarm indication of the 2 Mbit/s uplink signal. This alarm is reported when the tributary board detects that the 2 Mbit/s uplink signal is all 1s.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Minor Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


E1 signals are unavailable.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: The opposite equipment transmits the AIS signal. Cause 2: The receive unit of the tributary board at the local site is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The opposite equipment transmits the AIS signal. (1) Check whether the opposite equipment transmits the AIS signal.
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If... The opposite equipment transmits the AIS signal The opposite equipment does not transmit the AIS signal

Then... Rectify the fault on the opposite equipment. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: The receive unit of the tributary board at the local site is faulty. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.177 VCAT_LOA
Description
The VCAT_LOA is an alarm indicating alignment loss of virtual concatenations. This alarm is reported if a board detects that the time delays between the timeslots bound to a VCTRUNK are out of the permissible limit.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Service alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicates the ID of the VCTRUNK that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in path 1.

Impact on the System


The virtually concatenated services are interrupted.

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Possible Causes
Cause 1: The timeslots bound to a VCTRUNK travel through different physical links, so the delays between the virtually concatenated links are long.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The timeslots bound to a VCTRUNK travel through different physical links, so the delays between the virtually concatenated links are long. (1) Determine the ID of the VCTRUNK path that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. (2) Check whether the transmission routes of the paths bound to a VCTRUNK are the same. If not, adjust their routes to the same. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.178 VCAT_LOM_VC12
Description
The VCAT_LOM_VC12 is an alarm indicating the loss of virtual concatenation multiframes in the VC-12 path. This alarm is reported if the board detects that the K4 byte of the VC-12 path does not match the expected multiframe sequence.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-12 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VC-12 path 1.
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Impact on the System


The path that reports the alarm is unavailable. If the LCAS function is disabled, services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: Bit errors occur in the line. Cause 2: The MFI field in the K4 byte sent from the opposite site is incorrect. Cause 3: The delays between virtual concatenations are long.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Bit errors occur in the line. (1) Check whether the bit error alarm BIP_EXC or BIP_SD occurs. If... Such an alarm occurs No alarm occurs Then... Handle the alarm immediately. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: The MFI field in the K4 byte sent from the opposite site is incorrect. (1) Replace the board at the opposite site. For details, see 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board. (2) Replace the board and then check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm clears The alarm persists Then... End the alarm handling. Go to Cause 3.

Step 3 Cause 3: The delays between virtual concatenations are long. (1) Check whether the VCAT_LOA alarm is reported in this path. If... The VCAT_LOA alarm is reported No VCAT_LOA alarm is reported Then... Handle the VCAT_LOA alarm immediately. Go to Cause 2.

(2) Check whether the VCAT_LOM_VC12 alarm clears after handling the VCAT_LOA alarm. If... The alarm clears Then... End the alarm handling.

The alarm persists Replace the board that reports the alarm at the local site. For details, see 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board. ----End

Related Information
None.
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A.2.179 VCAT_LOM_VC3
Description
The VCAT_LOM_VC3 is an alarm indicating the loss of virtual concatenation multiframes in the VC-3 path. This alarm is reported if the board detects that the H4 byte of the VC-3 path does not match the expected multiframe sequence.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-3 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VC-3 path 1.

Impact on the System


The path that reports the alarm is unavailable. If the LCAS function is disabled, services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: Bit errors occur in the line. Cause 2: The MFI field in the K4 byte sent from the opposite site is incorrect. Cause 3: The delays between virtual concatenations are long.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Bit errors occur in the line. (1) Check whether the bit error alarm BIP_EXC or BIP_SD occurs. If... Such an alarm occurs No alarm occurs Then... Handle the alarm immediately. Go to Cause 2.

Step 2 Cause 2: The MFI field in the K4 byte sent from the opposite site is incorrect.
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(1) Replace the board at the opposite site. For details, see 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board. (2) Replace the board and then check whether the alarm clears. If... The alarm clears The alarm persists Then... End the alarm handling. Go to Cause 3.

Step 3 Cause 3: The delays between virtual concatenations are long. (1) Check whether the VCAT_LOA alarm is reported in this path. If... The VCAT_LOA alarm is reported No VCAT_LOA alarm is reported Then... Handle the VCAT_LOA alarm immediately. Go to Cause 2.

(2) Check whether the VCAT_LOM_VC3 alarm clears after handling the VCAT_LOA alarm. If... The alarm clears Then... End the alarm handling.

The alarm persists Replace the board that reports the alarm at the local site. For details, see 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.180 VCAT_SQM_VC12
Description
The VCAT_SQM_VC12 is an alarm indicating the SQ number mismatch of a virtual concatenation in the VC-12 path. This alarm is reported if the board detects that the SQ of a virtual concatenation does not match the expected value.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table.
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Name Parameter 1

Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-12 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VC-12 path 1.

Impact on the System


The path that reports the alarm is unavailable. If the LCAS function is disabled, services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: Bit errors occur on certain links or certain links are faulty. Cause 2: The SQ number sent from the opposite site is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Bit errors occur on certain links or certain links are faulty. (1) Check whether bit errors or line alarms occur. Focus on the bit error alarm BIP_EXC or BIP_SD. If... Bit errors or line alarms occur No bit errors or line alarms occur (2) Replace the board that reports the alarm. Step 2 Cause 2: The SQ number sent from the opposite site is incorrect. (1) Replace the corresponding board at the opposite site. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced ----End Then... End the alarm handling. Contact Huawei technical support engineers to handle the alarm. Then... Clear these alarms. Go to the next step.

Related Information
None.

A.2.181 VCAT_SQM_VC3

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Description
The VCAT_SQM_VC3 is an alarm indicating the sequence (SQ) number mismatch of a virtual concatenation in the VC-3 path. This alarm is reported if the board detects that the SQ of a virtual concatenation does not match the expected value.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning The value is always 0x01.

Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Indicate the ID of the VC-3 path that reports the alarm. For example, 0x00 0x01 indicate that the alarm is reported in VC-3 path 1.

Impact on the System


The path that reports the alarm is unavailable. If the LCAS function is disabled, services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: Bit errors occur on certain links or certain links are faulty. Cause 2: The SQ number sent from the opposite site is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Bit errors occur on certain links or certain links are faulty. (1) Check whether bit errors or line alarms occur. Focus on the bit error alarm BIP_EXC or BIP_SD. If... Bit errors or line alarms occur No bit errors or line alarms occur (2) Replace the board that reports the alarm. Step 2 Cause 2: The SQ number sent from the opposite site is incorrect. (1) Replace the corresponding board at the opposite site.
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Then... Clear these alarms. Go to the next step.

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If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced ----End

Then... End the alarm handling. Contact Huawei technical support engineers to handle the alarm.

Related Information
None.

A.2.182 VOLT_LOS
Description
The VOLT_LOS is an alarm indicating that the power voltage is unavailable.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the type of the power that reports the alarm. l 0x01: -48 V/+24 V power output l 0x02: -48 V/+24 V power input l 0x03: +5 V power output l 0x04: +3.3 V power output l 0x05: lightning

Impact on the System


l If the alarm is reported by the PXC board, the power module that reports the alarm fail to work. If the system is not configured with a protection power module, the system fails to work normally. If the alarm is reported by the IF board, the ODU connected to the IF board fails to work.
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Possible Causes
l l l Cause 1: The output power is abnormal. Cause 2: The input power is abnormal. Cause 3: Lightning occurs.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the type of the power supply that reports the alarm based on the alarm parameter. Step 2 Cause 1: The output power is abnormal. (1) Clear the alarm according to the type of the power supply that reports the alarm. If... Then...

The alarm is reported by the PXC board Replace the PXC board that reports the alarm. The alarm is reported by the IF board (2) Check the power switch of the ODU. If... The power switch is turned off The power switch is turned on Then... Turn on the power switch. Go to the next step. Go to the next step.

(3) Check the IF fiber jumper, IF cable, or ODU section by section for a short circuit. If... A short circuit exists Then... Replace the short-circuited component, and then replace the IF board that reports the alarm.

No short circuit exists Replace the IF board that reports the alarm.

CAUTION
If the alarm is caused by a short circuit, replace the short-circuited cable or ODU, and then replace the IF board. Otherwise, the new IF board may be damaged. Step 3 Cause 2: The input power is abnormal. (1) Clear the alarm according to the type of the power supply that reports the alarm. If... The alarm is reported by the IF board Then... Replace the IF board that reports the alarm.

The alarm is reported by the PXC board Go to the next step. (2) Check the configuration of the input power.
NOTE

The IDU 620 can be configured with two PXC boards to provide 1+1 protection of the input power.

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If...

Then...

No power being supplied to the input is Suppress the alarm for the board. For details, considered normal see E.2.2 Alarm Suppression. No power being supplied to the input is Go to the next step. considered abnormal (3) Check the power switch. If... Then...

The power switch is turned off Turn on the power switch. The power switch is turned on Contact the engineers for power supply to rectify the fault. Step 4 Cause 3: Lightning occurs. (1) Contact the engineers for power supply to check the grounding lightning facilities. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.183 W_R_Failure
Description
The W_R_FAILURE is an alarm indicating a failure of reading or writing the chip register.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Parameter 2, Parameter 3 Meaning Indicates the ID of the register. The values are always 0x00 0x01.

Impact on the System


Services in the path that reports the alarm are interrupted.
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Possible Causes
Cause 1: The chip register is faulty or the read/write time sequence is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The chip register is faulty or the read/write time sequence is incorrect. (1) Replace the board that reports the alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.184 WRG_BD_TYPE
Description
The WRG_BD_TYPE is an alarm indicating that the type of the board is incorrect.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1 Meaning Indicates the slot ID of the board whose type is incorrect.

Impact on the System


The board fails to work.

Possible Causes
l l Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. Cause 2: The board of an incorrect type is installed.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect.
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(1) Check whether the board type complies with the planning requirement. For details, see Configuring Logical Boards. If... The board type does not meet the planning requirement The board type meets the planning requirement Step 2 Cause 2: The board of an incorrect type is installed. (1) Replace the board of an incorrect type. For details, see 6 Part Replacement. ----End Then... Change the configuration data. Go to Cause 2.

Related Information
None.

A.2.185 WRG_DEV_TYPE
Description
The WRG_DEV_TYPE is an alarm indicating that the type of the equipment is incorrect.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
None.

Impact on the System


The equipment fails to work.

Possible Causes
Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. (1) By using the method of creating an NE, change the type of the NE so that it is consistent with the equipment type. ----End
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Related Information
None.

A.2.186 WS_LOS
Description
The WS_LOS is an alarm indicating that the signals at the 2 Mbit/s wayside interface are lost.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Communication alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the wayside service that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by wayside service 1.

Impact on the System


Wayside services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: The data of the wayside service is configured, but the service is not accessed. Cause 2: The cable of the wayside service is loose or damaged. Cause 3: The interconnected equipment of the wayside service is faulty. Cause 4: A certain board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: The data of the wayside service is configured, but the service is not accessed. (1) Check the configuration planning of the wayside service. If... The wayside service needs to be configured
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If... The wayside service need not be configured

Then... Set the wayside service of the relevant IF board to the disabled status. For details, see Setting Parameters of IF Interfaces.

Step 2 Cause 2: The cable of the wayside service is loose or damaged. (1) Check whether the connectors at the two ends of the wayside service cable are loose. If yes, connect the cable properly. (2) Test the connectivity of the wayside service cable. For details, see Testing Connectivity of Cables. If the cable is damaged, replace the cable or prepare the connectors of the cable again. Step 3 Cause 3: The interconnected equipment of the wayside service is faulty. (1) Check whether the interconnected equipment of the wayside service is faulty. If yes, rectify the fault. Step 4 Cause 4: A certain board is faulty. (1) If the preceding causes are excluded, replace the PXC board that reports the alarm. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.187 XCP_INDI
Description
The XCP_INDI is an alarm indicating that the working and protection PXC boards are switched.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Major Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Parameter 1
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Meaning Indicates the slot ID of the working board.


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Impact on the System


During the protection switching (less than 50 ms), the VC-3/VC-12 services are interrupted.

Possible Causes
Protection switching occurs on the PXC board.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause: Protection switching occurs on the PXC board. (1) Check whether the PXC board reports alarms. For details, see 7.3.3 Browsing the Current Alarms. If... The PXC board reports alarms The PXC board does not report any alarms Then... Replace the PXC board. Go to the next step.

(2) Check whether the manual switching command is run. If yes, clear the manual switching. ----End

Related Information
None.

A.2.188 XPIC_LOS
Description
The XPIC_LOS is an alarm indicating that XPIC compensation signals are lost.

Attribute
Alarm Severity Critical Alarm Type Equipment alarm

Parameters
When you view an alarm on the network management system, select the alarm. In the Alarm Details field display the related parameters of the alarm. The alarm parameters are in the following format: Alarm Parameters (hex): parameter1 parameter2...parameterN, for example, Alarm Parameters (hex): 0x01 0x08. For details about each parameter, refer to the following table. Name Meaning

Parameter 1 Indicates the ID of the IF port that reports the alarm. For example, 0x01 indicates that the alarm is reported by IF port 1 of the corresponding board.
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Impact on the System


Bit errors may occur in the service at the port, and the service may even be interrupted.

Possible Causes
l l l l Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. Cause 2: The radio link is faulty. Cause 3: The XPIC cable is faulty. Cause 4: The IF board or ODU is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Cause 1: Configuration data is incorrect. (1) Check whether the XPIC function needs to be enabled. If the XPIC function need not be enabled, see Setting Parameters of IF Interfaces and set the XPIC function to the disabled status, and then perform a self-loop at the XPIC port on the board by using the XPIC cable. Step 2 Cause 2: The radio link is faulty. (1) Check whether the paired board that is connected to the IFX2 board through the XPIC cable reports the MW_LOF alarm. If yes, clear the MW_LOF alarm. Step 3 Cause 3: The XPIC cable is faulty. (1) Check the connection of the XPIC cable. If... The cable is connected incorrectly The cable is properly connected Then... Connect the XPIC cable properly. Go to the next step.

(2) Test the connectivity of the XPIC cable by using the multimeter. If the XPIC cable is damaged, replace it. Step 4 Cause 4: The IF board or ODU is faulty. In the case, locate the fault by replacing the IF board or ODU. (1) Replace the paired board of the IFX board. The paired board of the IFX2 board refers to the other IFX2 board that is connected to the IFX2 board that reports the alarm through the XPIC cable. If... The alarm clears after the board is replaced The alarm persists after the board is replaced Then... End the alarm handling. Go to the next step.

(2) Replace the ODU that is connected to the paired IFX board.
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If... The alarm clears after the ODU is replaced The alarm persists after the ODU is replaced

Then... End the alarm handling. Replace the paired board of the IFX board.

----End

Related Information
None.

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Abnormal Event Reference

An abnormal event is an important indicator when a fault occurs on the equipment. This topic describes all the possible important abnormal events of the OptiX RTN 620 and how to handle these events. B.1 Important Abnormal Events Important abnormal events include protection switching events and RMON alarms. B.2 Important Abnormal Events and Handling Procedures This topic describes all the important abnormal performance events of the OptiX RTN 620 in alphabetic order and how to handle these events.

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B.1 Important Abnormal Events


Important abnormal events include protection switching events and RMON alarms. Table B-1 Important abnormal events Event Name IF 1+1 Protection Switching N+1 Protection Switching SNCP Protection Switching MSP Switching Linear MSP Switching Cross-Connect and Timing Board Switching ERPS Event RMON Performance Value Below the Lower Limit RMON Performance Value Above the Upper Limit Source IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, and IFH2 SCC SCC SCC SCC PXC EMS6 EMS6, EFT4, IFH2, and EFP6 EMS6, EFT4, IFH2, and EFP6

NOTE

All alarmed boards refer to the logical boards that are displayed on the NMS.

B.2 Important Abnormal Events and Handling Procedures


This topic describes all the important abnormal performance events of the OptiX RTN 620 in alphabetic order and how to handle these events. B.2.1 IF 1+1 Protection Switching B.2.2 N+1 Protection Switching B.2.3 SDH SNCP Protection Switching B.2.4 Ring MS Switching B.2.5 Linear MS Switching B.2.6 Cross-Connect and Timing Board Switching B.2.7 ERPS Protection Switching B.2.8 RMON Performance Value Below the Lower Limit B.2.9 RMON Performance Value Above the Upper Limit
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B.2.1 IF 1+1 Protection Switching


Description
This abnormal event indicates that 1+1 HSB, 1+1 FD, or 1+1 SD switching occurs on the equipment.

Attribute
Severity Major Type Service

Parameters
Name Protection Group ID Slot ID of Working Board Current Working Board Meaning Indicates the ID of the protection group where an IF 1+1 protection switching occurs. Indicates the slot ID of the current working board. Indicates the current working board. l 0: main board l 1: standby board Main Board State Indicates the current state of the main board. l Normal l Failed l MW_RDI Standby Board State Indicates the current state of the standby board. l Normal l Failed l MW_RDI

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Name Switching Request Type

Meaning Indicates the type of an IF 1+1 protection switching request. l No request l Automatic switching l Manual switching l Forced switching l Lockout of switching l Wait-to-restore l RDI switching

Impact on System
l l During HSB protection switching, the services are interrupted. After the switching is completed, the services are restored to normal. During HSM protection switching, no bit errors occur and the services are not affected. When the AM function is enabled, the protection path works in modulation mode for ensuring capacity after HSM switching is completed. Hence, the services of lower priorities are impaired.

Relevant Alarms
When IF 1+1 protection switching occurs, the RPS_INDI alarm is reported.

Possible Causes
l The possible causes of the HSB protection switching are as follows: The hardware of the ODU or IF unit at the local end is faulty. The working path at the local end receives the MW_RDI alarm. An external switching, which is triggered by the switching command that is issued from the NMS software, occurs. The external switching includes lockout of switching, forced switching, and manual switching. l The possible causes of HSM protection switching are as follows: The radio link in the receive direction of the local end is faulty. An external switching, which is triggered by the switching command that is issued from the NMS software, occurs. The external switching includes lockout of switching, forced switching, and manual switching.

Procedure
Step 1 Rectify the fault according to the switching request type indicated by the parameter and the description in RPS_INDI. ----End
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B.2.2 N+1 Protection Switching


Description
This abnormal event indicates that N+1 protection switching occurs on the equipment.

Attribute
Severity Major Type Service

Parameters
Name Protection Group ID Path ID Switching Request Type Meaning Indicates the ID of the protection group where an IF N+1 protection switching occurs. Indicates the ID of the path where an IF N+1 protection switching occurs. Indicates the type of an IF N+1 protection switching request. l Lockout of protection channel l Forced switching l SF switching l SD switching l Manual switching l Wait-to-restore l Exercise l Reverse request l No request N+1 Protection Group State Indicates the state of an N+1 protection group. l Protocol unstarted l Idle status l Switching status l Protocol starting N+1 Switching Local/Remote End Indication Indicates the local or remote switching. l Local end l Remote end

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Name N+1 Switching Cause

Meaning Indicates the cause of an IF N+1 protection switching. l Local request l External command l K-byte request l Timer expiry

Impact on System
During the N+1 protection switching time (not more than 50 ms), the services are interrupted. After the switching is completed, the services are restored to normal. After the switching starts and before the switching is completed, the extra services are interrupted.
NOTE

If an IF N+1 protection switching is caused by exercise switching, service signals are not switched actually because the exercise switching is used to check whether the NE can run the N+1 protocol normally.

Relevant Alarms
When an IF N+1 protection switching occurs, the NP1_SW_INDI alarm is reported.

Possible Causes
l An external switching occurs. Lockout of protection channel Forced switching Manual switching l An automatic switching occurs. The hardware of the IDU or IF board is faulty. Focus on checking whether the HARD_BAD or BD_STATUS alarm is reported. The MW_LOF, R_LOC, R_LOF, R_LOS, MS_AIS, or B2_EXC alarm is reported on the working path.

Procedure
Step 1 Rectify the fault according to the switching request type and the switching cause indicated by the parameters. If... The switching is caused by an external switching The switching is caused by an automatic switching ----End
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Then... Find the cause of the external switching, and then release the external switching immediately. Clear the alarm that triggers the automatic switching.

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B Abnormal Event Reference

B.2.3 SDH SNCP Protection Switching


Description
This abnormal event indicates that an SDH SNCP switching occurs in the service that is configured with the SNCP scheme.

Attribute
Severity Major Type Service

Parameters
Name Protection Group ID Switching Request Meaning Indicates the protection group ID of the service where SNCP switching occurs. Indicates the type of an SNCP switching request. l Lockout of protection channel l Forced switching l Manual switching l Signal failure l Signal degradation l Wait-to-restore l No request Current Working Path Indicates the current working path. l Main path l Standby path SNCP Working Path Status Indicates the current status of the SNCP working path. l Normal l SD l SF SNCP Protection Path Status Indicates the current status of the SNCP protection path. l Normal l SD l SF

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Impact on System
When an SNCP switching occurs, you must find the cause. If the relevant link is faulty, recover the link immediately. Ensure that the SNCP working and protection paths are in normal state.

Possible Causes
l The switching is triggered automatically. The hardware of the line board is faulty. The R_LOS, R_LOF, R_LOC, MS_AIS, B2_EXC, AU_LOP, AU_AIS, HP_LOM, MW_LOF (only when the IF board functions as the line board), MW_LIM (only when the IF board functions as the line board), B3_EXC, B3_SD, HP_TIM (in the case of VC-4 services), HP_UNEQ (in the case of VC-4 services), TU_AIS (in the case of VC-12 services) or TU_LOP (in the case of VC-12 services) alarm is reported. l The switching is triggered manually. Forced switching Manual switching

Procedure
Step 1 On the NMS, query the type of the SDH SNCP switching request. Step 2 Rectify the fault according to the switching request type. If... The SDH SNCP switching is triggered automatically The SDH SNCP switching is triggered manually Then... Rectify the fault according to the relevant alarm, and eliminate the conditions of the automatic switching. Find the cause of the manual switching, and then release the manual switching immediately.

----End

B.2.4 Ring MS Switching


Description
This abnormal event indicates that a ring MSP switching occurs on the equipment that is configured with services.

Attribute
Severity Major Type Service

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Parameters
Name Protection Group ID Westward Protection Switching Type Eastward Protection Switching Type Meaning Indicates the ID of the protection group where a ring MSP switching occurs. Indicates the type of a ring MSP switching request. l Clear all l Lock out protection channel l Unlock protection channel l Forced switching l Clear forced switching l Manual switching l Clear manual switching l Exercise l Clear exercise switching Westward Switching State Eastward Switching State Indicates the switching state. l Protocol being started l Idle l Switching l Pass-through state Eastward Switching Flag Westward Switching Flag Indicates the flag when switching occurs. l No switching or full pass-through is performed for the service l The switching or full pass-through is performed for the service

Impact on System
l During the switching time (not more than 50 ms), the services are interrupted. After the switching is completed, the services are restored to normal. After the switching starts and before the switching is completed, the extra services are interrupted. When a ring MSP switching occurs, a fiber cut may occur or the terminal node may be faulty. In this case, you must rectify the fault immediately. If a fiber cut or another fault occurs on a two-fiber ring MS, the services are interrupted.

l l

Relevant Alarms
When a ring MSP switching occurs, the APS_INDI alarm may be reported.

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Possible Causes
l l External switching such as manual switching, forced switching, or exercise switching occurs. An automatic switching occurs. The hardware or line is faulty. Focus on the HARD_BAD and BD_STATUS alarms. After the R_LOS, R_LOF, MS_AIS, B2_EXC, B2_SD, B3_EXC, B3_SD, HP_TIM (in the case of VC-4 services), HP_UNEQ (in the case of VC-4 services), TU_AIS (in the case of VC-3 or VC-12 services), or TU_LOP (in the case of VC-3 or VC-12 services) alarm is reported on the working path, the MSP group changes to the switching state, and an automatic switching alarm is reported.

Procedure
Step 1 On the NMS, query the switching type and the protection group ID. Step 2 Rectify the fault according to the switching request type. If... The switching is caused by an external switching The switching is caused by an automatic switching ----End Then... Find the cause of the external switching, and then clear manual switching immediately. Clear the relevant alarm, and rectify the fault that occurs on the hardware or line immediately.

B.2.5 Linear MS Switching


Description
This abnormal event indicates that a linear MSP switching occurs on the equipment that is configured with services.

Attribute
Severity Major Type Service

Parameters
Name Protection Group ID Meaning Indicates the ID of the protection group where a linear MSP switching occurs.

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Name Current Working Path

Meaning Indicates the current working path of the linear MS. l Working path l Protection path

Linear MSP Switching Request

Indicates the type of a linear MSP switching request. l Lock out protection path l Forced switching l Switch upon signal failure l Switch upon signal degradation l Manual switching l Wait-to-restore l Exercise l Reverse request l Non-revertive request l Not requested

Switching Status

Indicates the switching state. l Protocol not started l Idle l Switching l Protocol being started

Remote/Local End Indication

Indicates the remote or local end. l No remote/local end l Local end l Remote end

Cause for Switching Status Change

Indicates the cause of changing the switching state. l Local request l External command l K-byte request l Timer timeout

Impact on System
l During the switching time (not more than 50 ms), the services are interrupted. After the switching is completed, the services are restored to normal. After the switching starts and before the switching is completed, the extra services are interrupted.

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When a linear MSP switching occurs, a fiber cut may occur or the terminal node may be faulty. In this case, you must rectify the fault immediately.

Relevant Alarms
When a linear MSP switching occurs, the APS_INDI alarm may be reported.

Possible Causes
l l An external switching command such as manual, forced, or excise switching command is issued. An automatic switching occurs. After the R_LOS, R_LOF, MS_AIS, B2_EXC, B2_SD, B3_EXC, B3_SD, HP_TIM (in the case of VC-4 services), HP_UNEQ (in the case of VC-4 services), TU_AIS (in the case of VC-3 or VC-12 services), or TU_LOP (in the case of VC-3 or VC-12 services) alarm is reported, the MSP group changes to the switching state, and an automatic switching alarm is reported. l The hardware or line is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 On the NMS, query the switching type and the protection group ID. Step 2 Rectify the fault according to the switching request type. If... The switching is caused by an external switching The switching is caused by an automatic switching ----End Then... Find the cause of the external switching, and then clear manual switching immediately. Clear the relevant alarm, and rectify the hardware or line fault immediately.

B.2.6 Cross-Connect and Timing Board Switching


Description
This abnormal event indicates that the cross-connect and timing boards are switched when the working cross-connect and timing board on the equipment that is configured with the 1+1 protection scheme is faulty.

Attribute
Severity Major Type Service

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Parameters
Name Working Board ID Protection Board ID Meaning Indicates the slot ID of the current working board. Indicates the slot ID of the current protection board.

Impact on System
When a fault occurs on the protection cross-connect and timing board, you must find the switching cause. If the protection cross-connect and timing board is faulty, rectify the fault immediately. Otherwise, the services are interrupted when a fault occurs on the current working cross-connect and timing board.

Possible Causes
l l The switching is triggered. The switching is triggered manually. The hardware of a board is faulty. Focus on the BD_STATUS, VOLT_LOS and HARD_BAD alarms reported by the original working board.

Procedure
Step 1 On the NMS, check whether the cross-connect and timing board reports a relevant alarm that is triggered automatically. If... The cross-connect and timing board reports a relevant alarm Then... Clear the alarm immediately according to the clearance method of the relevant alarm.

The cross-connect and timing board does Go to the next step. not report a relevant alarm Step 2 Check whether the hardware of the cross-connect and timing board is faulty. If... The hardware of the cross-connect and timing board is faulty The hardware of the cross-connect and timing board is not faulty ----End Then... Replace the cross-connect and timing board according to the descriptions in the Part Replacement. Clear manual switching.

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B.2.7 ERPS Protection Switching


Description
This abnormal event indicates that Ethernet ring protection switching (ERPS) occurs on the equipment. When the state of a ring network is changed, an ERPS event is reported by a node.

Attribute
Severity Major Type Service

Parameters
Name Ethernet Protection Protocol Instance ID Switching Request Type Meaning Indicates the ID of the protection group where an ERPS event occurs. Indicates the type of a switching request. l 0x01: The R-APS (NR) packet is received at the local end. l 0x02: The R-APS (NR or RB) packet is received at the local end. l 0x03: WTR running l 0x04: WTR expires l 0x05: The R-APS (SF) packet is received at the local end. l 0x06: Local SF l 0x07: Local clear SF l 0x08: Initial request Switching State Indicates the switching state. l Idle l Protection

Impact on System
During the ERPS switching time (<100 ms), the services are interrupted. After the switching is completed, the services are restored to normal.

Relevant Alarms
None.
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Possible Causes
l l The link is faulty. The R-APS packet is received at the local end.

Procedure
Step 1 Rectify the fault according to the switching request type. ----End

B.2.8 RMON Performance Value Below the Lower Limit


Description
This abnormal event indicates that the current RMON performance value is lower than the preset lower limit.

Attribute
Severity Major Type Service

Parameters
Name Performance ID Current Performance Value Lower Limit Meaning Indicates the ID of the current RMON performance event. Indicates the value of the current RMON performance event. Indicates the lower limit of the current RMON performance event.

Impact on System
Different abnormal performance events have different impacts on the system. For details, see List of RMON Alarm Entries.

Relevant Alarms
Different alarms are reported when different RMON performance values are lower than the lower limits. For details, see D.3 RMON Alarm Clearance Reference.

Possible Causes
The lower limit of a performance event is set to a non-zero value.
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Procedure
Step 1 Set the lower limit of the performance event to zero. ----End

B.2.9 RMON Performance Value Above the Upper Limit


Description
This abnormal event indicates that the current RMON performance value is higher than the preset upper limit.

Attribute
Severity Major Type Service

Parameters
Name Performance ID Current Performance Value Upper Limit Meaning Indicates the ID of the current RMON performance event. Indicates the value of the current RMON performance event. Indicates the upper limit of the current RMON performance event.

Impact on System
Different abnormal performance events have different impacts on the system. For details, see List of RMON Alarm Entries.

Relevant Alarms
Different alarms are reported when different RMON performance values are higher than the upper limits. For details, see D.3 RMON Alarm Clearance Reference.

Possible Causes
When the performance values of different abnormal RMON performance events are higher than the upper limits, the causes are different from each other. For details, see D RMON Event Reference.

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Procedure
Step 1 See D.3 RMON Alarm Clearance Reference to handle different abnormal performance events. ----End

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Performance Event Reference

Performance events are important indicators when the equipment performance changes. This topic describes all the possible performance events on the OptiX RTN 620 and how to handle these performance events. C.1 Performance Event List Performance events are categorized on the basis of the performance event type, and include all the events of the OptiX RTN 620. C.2 Performance Events and Handling Procedures Based on the type of a performance event, this topic describes all the performance events on the OptiX RTN 620 and how to handle these performance events.

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C.1 Performance Event List


Performance events are categorized on the basis of the performance event type, and include all the events of the OptiX RTN 620. C.1.1 SDH/PDH Performance Events SDH/PDH performance events are classified into five categories: pointer justification, regenerator section error, multiplex section error, higher order path error, and lower order path error. C.1.2 Microwave Performance Events Microwave performance events include the performance events regarding the microwave power, FEC, and radio link bit errors. C.1.3 Other Performance Events In addition to the SDH and microwave performance events, the OptiX RTN 620 supports performance events regarding the optical power and temperature.

C.1.1 SDH/PDH Performance Events


SDH/PDH performance events are classified into five categories: pointer justification, regenerator section error, multiplex section error, higher order path error, and lower order path error. Table C-1 Pointer justification performance events Event Name AUPJCHIGH Description Indicates the count of positive AU pointer justifications. Indicates the count of negative AU pointer justifications. Indicates the count of new AU pointer justifications. Indicates the count of positive TU pointer justifications. Indicates the count of negative TU pointer justifications. Indicates the count of new TU pointer justifications. PH1, PO1, PD1, and PL3 Source SL1, SD1, SLE, SDE, SL4, IF1A, IF1B, and IFX

AUPJCLOW

AUPJCNEW TUPJCHIGH

TUPJCLOW

TUPJCNEW

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Table C-2 Regenerator section error performance events Event Name RSBBE Description Indicates the regenerator section block of background error. Indicates the errored second of the RS. Indicates the severely errored seconds of the RS. Indicates the unavailable second of the RS. Indicates RS consecutive severe error seconds. Indicates the regenerator section out-of-frame second. Indicates the regenerator section of OOF performance seconds. Source SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, and SL4

RSES RSSES RSUAS RSCSES RSOFS RSOOF

NOTE

In the case of PDH radio, regenerator section bit error performance events also exist and they are detected according to the overheads used for detecting frame alignment and bit errors in the PDH microwave frames.

Table C-3 Multiplex section error performance events Event Name MSBBE Description Indicates the background block error of the multiplex section (MS). Indicates the errored second of the MS. Indicates the errored second of the MS. Indicates the consecutively and severely errored seconds of the MS. Indicates the unavailable second of the MS. Source SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, and SL4

MSES MSSES MSCSES

MSUAS

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Event Name MSFEBBE

Description Indicates the multiplex section far end block of background error. Indicates MS far end errored second. Indicates the multiplex section far end severely errored second. Indicates the multiplex section far end consecutive severely errored second. Indicates the multiplex section far end unavailable second.

Source

MSFEES MSFESES

MSFECSES

MSFEUAS

Table C-4 Higher order path error performance events Event Name HPBBE HPES HPSES HPCSES Description Source

Indicates the higher order SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, path background block error. IF1B, IFX, and SL4 Indicates the higher order path errored second. Indicates the higher order path severely errored second. Indicates the higher order path consecutive severely errored second. Indicates the higher order path unavailable second. Indicates the higher order path far end background block error. Indicates the higher order path far end errored second. Indicates the higher order path far end severely errored second.

HPUAS HPFEBBE

HPFEES HPFESES

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Event Name HPFECSES

Description Indicates the higher order path far end consecutive severely errored second. Indicates the higher order path far end unavailable second.

Source

HPFEUAS

Table C-5 VC-3 path error performance events Event Name VC3BBE VC3ES VC3SES VC3CSES Description Indicates the VC-3 background block error. Indicates the VC-3 errored second. Indicates the VC-3 severely errored second. Indicates the VC-3 consecutive severely errored second. Indicates the VC-3 unavailable second. Indicates the VC-3 far end block of the background error. Indicates the VC-3 far end errored second. Indicates the VC-3 far end consecutive severely errored second. Indicates the VC-3 far end consecutive severely errored second. Indicates the VC-3 far end unavailable second. Source EFT4

VC3UAS VC3FEBBE

VC3FEES VC3FESES

VC3FECSES

VC3FEUAS

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Table C-6 Lower order path error performance events Event Name LPBBE LPES LPSES LPCSES Description Indicates the lower order path block of background error. Indicates the lower order path errored second. Indicates the lower order path severely errored second. Indicates the lower order path consecutive severely errored second. Indicates the lower order path unavailable second. Indicates the lower order path far end block of background error. Indicates the lower order path far end errored second. Indicates the lower order path far end severely errored second. Indicates the Lower order path far end consecutive severely errored second. Indicates the lower order far end unavailable second. PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3, EFT4, IF0A, and IF0B Source PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3, EFT4, EMS6, IF0A, IF0B, and EFP6

LPUAS LPFEBBE

LPFEES LPFESES

LPFECSES

LPFEUAS

Table C-7 Line side code violation performance events Event Name E3_LCV_SDH E3_LES_SDH Description Indicates the E3 line side code violation count. Indicates the E3 line side code violation errored second. Indicates the E3 line side code violation severely errored second. Indicates the T3 line side code violation count. Source PL3

E3_LSES_SDH

T3_LCV_SDH

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Event Name T3_LES_SDH

Description Indicates the T3 line side code violation errored second. Indicates the T3 line side code violation severely errored second.

Source

T3_LSES_SDH

NOTE

All alarmed boards refer to the logical boards that are displayed on the NMS.

C.1.2 Microwave Performance Events


Microwave performance events include the performance events regarding the microwave power, FEC, and radio link bit errors. Table C-8 Microwave power performance events Event Name TSL_MAX TSL_MIN TSL_CUR TSL_AVG RSL_MAX RSL_MIN RSL_CUR RSL_AVG TLHTT Description Indicates the maximum radio transmit signal level. Indicates the minimum radio transmit signal level. Indicates the current radio transmit signal level. Indicates the average radio transmit signal level. Indicates the maximum radio received signal level. Indicates the minimum radio received signal level. Indicates the current radio received signal level. Indicates the average radio received signal level. Indicates the duration when the transmit power is higher than the upper threshold. Indicates the duration when the transmit power is higher than the lower threshold. Source ODU

TLLTT

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Event Name RLHTT

Description Indicates the duration when the receive power is lower than the upper threshold. Indicates the duration when the receive power is lower than the lower threshold.

Source

RLLTT

Table C-9 FEC performance events Event Name FEC_BEF_COR_ER FEC_COR_BYTE_CNT Description Indicates the BER before the FEC is performed. Indicates the number of bytes that are corrected through the FEC. Indicates the number of frames that cannot be corrected through the FEC. Source IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, and IFH2 IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, and IFX IFH2

FEC_UNCOR_BLOCK_C NT

Table C-10 Performance events regarding radio link bit errors Event Name IF_BBE IF_ES IF_SES IF_UAS IF_CSES Description Indicates the radio link background block error. Indicates the radio link errored second. Indicates the radio link severely errored second. Indicates the radio link unavailable second. Indicates the radio link consecutively severely errored second. Source IF0A, IF0B,and IFH2

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Table C-11 ATPC performance events Event Name ATPC_P_ADJUST ATPC_N_ADJUST Description Indicates the positive ATPC adjustment event. Indicates the negative ATPC adjustment event. Source ODU

Table C-12 AM performance events Event Name QPSKWS QAMWS16 Description Indicates the working duration of the QPSK mode. Indicates the working duration of the 16QAM mode. Indicates the working duration of the 32QAM mode. Indicates the working duration of the 64QAM mode. Indicates the working duration of the 128QAM mode. Indicates the working duration of the 256QAM mode. Indicates the count of the downshift of the AM scheme. Indicates the count of the upshift of the AM scheme. Source IFH2

QAMWS32

QAMWS64

QAMWS128

QAMWS256

ACMDOWNCNT ACMUPCNT

NOTE

All alarmed boards refer to the logical boards that are displayed on the NMS.

C.1.3 Other Performance Events


In addition to the SDH and microwave performance events, the OptiX RTN 620 supports performance events regarding the optical power and temperature.

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Table C-13 Performance events regarding optical power Event Name TPLMAX Description Indicates the maximum transmit power of the optical port on the laser. Indicates the minimum transmit power of the optical port on the laser. Indicates the current transmit power of the optical port on the laser. Indicates the maximum receive power of the optical port on the laser. Indicates the minimum receive power of the optical port on the laser. Indicates the current receive power of the optical port on the laser. Source SD1, SL1, SL4, and EMS6

TPLMIN

TPLCUR

RPLMAX

RPLMIN

RPLCUR

Table C-14 Performance events regarding board temperature Event Name BDTEMPMAX BDTEMPMIN BDTEMPCUR Description Indicates the maximum board temperature. Indicates the minimum board temperature. Indicates the current board temperature. Source IF1A, IF1B, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, PXC, ODU, SCC, EFT4, EMS6, and EFP6

Table C-15 Performance events regarding temperature of a laser core Event Name OSPITMPMAX OSPITMPMIN OSPITMPCUR Description Indicates the maximum temperature of a laser core. Indicates the minimum temperature of a laser core. Indicates the current temperature of a laser core.
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Source EMS6

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NOTE

All alarmed boards refer to the logical boards that are displayed on the NMS.

C.2 Performance Events and Handling Procedures


Based on the type of a performance event, this topic describes all the performance events on the OptiX RTN 620 and how to handle these performance events.

C.2.1 AUPJCHIGH, AUPJCLOW, and AUPJCNEW


Description
l l l AUPJCHIGH indicates the count of positive AU pointer justifications. AUPJCLOW indicates the count of negative AU pointer justifications. AUPJCNEW indicates the count of new AU pointer justifications.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Description PPJE (AUPJCHIGH) NPJE (AUPJCLOW) NDF (AUPJCNEW) Unit Block

Impact on System
If the number of TUPJCHIGH and TUPJCLOW events is less than six per day on each port, the system is not affected. If the pointer is justified for more than six times, or if the TUPJCNEW event is generated, bit errors may occur in the service.

Relevant Alarms
When the number of TUPJCHIGH, TUPJCLOW, or TUPJCNEW events exceeds the specified threshold, the MSAD_CROSSTR alarm is reported. Performance Event AUPJCHIGH AUPJCLOW AUPJCNEW Default Threshold in 15Minute Monitoring 1500 1500 1500 Default Threshold in 24Hour Monitoring 30000 30000 30000

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Possible Causes
The NE clock is out-of-synchronization.

Procedure
Step 1 See 5.9 Troubleshooting Pointer Justifications. ----End

C.2.2 ATPC_P_ADJUST and ATPC_N_ADJUST


Description
l ATPC_P_ADJUST indicates the positive ATPC adjustment event. This performance event indicates that the quality of a communications link degrades. Therefore, you must increase the transmit power of the ODU to maintain the communication quality. l ATPC_N_ADJUST indicates the negative ATPC adjustment event. This performance event indicates that the quality of a communication link becomes well or the transmit power of the ODU is very large. Therefore, you can decrease the transmit power of the ODU.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description ATPCPADJUST (ATPC_P_ADJUST) and ATPCNADJUST (ATPC_N_ADJUST) None

Impact on System
The ATPC adjustment indicates only the stability of a communication link and it does not affect services. When the value of the performance event is larger, more adjustments are made. When the factors that affect a communication link, such as sudden change of the weather, do not exist, and when the ATPC adjustment count is very large, the communication link may be faulty. You must check the communication link to prevent it from failure.

Relevant Alarms
None.

C.2.3 TUPJCHIGH, TUPJCLOW, and TUPJCNEW


Description
l
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TUPJCHIGH indicates the count of positive TU pointer justifications.


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l l

TUPJCLOW indicates the count of negative TU pointer justifications. TUPJCNEW indicates the count of new TU pointer justifications.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Description TUPPJE (TUPJCHIGH) TUNPJE (TUPJCLOW) TUNDF (TUPJCNEW) Unit Block

Impact on System
If the number of TUPJCHIGH and TUPJCLOW events is less than six per day on each port, the system is not affected. If the pointer is justified for more than six times, or if the TUPJCNEW event is generated, bit errors may occur in the service.

Related Alarms
When the number of TUPJCHIGH, TUPJCLOW, or TUPJCNEW events exceeds the specified threshold, the HPAD_CROSSTR alarm is reported. Performance Event TUPJCHIGH TUPJCLOW TUPJCNEW Default Threshold in 15Minute Monitoring 1500 1500 1500 Default Threshold in 24Hour Monitoring 30000 30000 30000

Possible Causes
The NE clock is out-of-synchronization.

Procedure
Step 1 See 5.9 Troubleshooting Pointer Justifications. ----End

C.2.4 RSBBE, RSES, RSSES, RSCSES, and RSUAS


Description
l
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RSBBE indicates the regenerator section background block error.


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A BBE refers to the errored block excluding the errored block in the unavailable and severely errored second. l l RSES indicates the regenerator section errored second. An ES refers to a second in which one or more errored blocks are detected. RSSES indicates the regenerator section severely errored second. An SES refers to a second in which 30% or more than 30% errored blocks exist or at least one SDP exists. The SDP refers to a period of at least four consecutive blocks or 1 ms (whichever longer) in which the BER of all the consecutive blocks is equal to or higher than 10-2 or the signal is lost. l RSCSES indicates the regenerator section consecutive severely errored second. A CSES refers to a second in which an SES event occurs continuously for less than 10 seconds. l RSUAS indicates the regenerator section unavailable second. A UAS period is counted from the first second of 10 consecutive SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new available second period starts from the first second of ten consecutive non-SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the available time.
NOTE

When an IF board works in PDH mode, these performance events may also be reported. These events are detected through the self-defined overhead byte B1 in the PDH microwave frame.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description B1CNT Block (RSBBE) Second (RSES, RSSES, RSCSES, and RSUAS)

Impact on System
A small number of bit errors do not affect the services. In the case of excessive bit errors, however, the services are interrupted. Generally, the BER is less than 10-3 in the case of voice services, and 10-6 in the case of data services.

Relevant Alarms
When the number of RSBBE, RSES, RSSES, RSCSES, or RSUAS events exceeds the specified threshold, the RS_CROSSTR alarm is reported. Performance Event RSBBE RSES
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Default Threshold in 15Minute Monitoring 1500 50

Default Threshold in 24Hour Monitoring 15000 100


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Performance Event RSSES RSUAS RSCSES

Default Threshold in 15Minute Monitoring 20 20

Default Threshold in 24Hour Monitoring 50 50

4 (number of consecutive SES events)

Possible Causes
The system detects the regenerator section bit errors through the B1 byte.

Procedure
Step 1 See 5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services. ----End

C.2.5 RSOOF and RSOFS


Description
l RSOOF indicates the regenerator section out of frame. The out-of-frame (OOF) block refers to a data block in which incorrect A1 and A2 bytes are detected. l RSOFS indicates the regenerator section out-of-frame second. The out-of-frame second (OFS) refers to a second in which one or more OOF blocks are detected.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description OOF Block (RSOOF) Second (RSOFS)

Impact on System
The system discards OOF data blocks. Thus, an RSOOF event is equivalent to a big error (if one RSOOF exists in a second, the BER is not less than 1.25 x 10-5).

Relevant Alarms
If RSOOF is received in five consecutive frames, the equipment changes to the OOF state. If the OOF state lasts for 3 ms, the R_LOF alarm is reported and all the services are interrupted.
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Possible Causes
The system detects incorrect A1 and A2 bytes.

Procedure
Step 1 If the R_LOF alarm is reported, eliminate the errors according to the alarm. Otherwise, see 5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services for handling. ----End

C.2.6 MSBBE, MSES, MSSES, MSCSES, and MSUAS


Description
l MSBBE indicates the multiplex section background block error. A BBE refers to the errored block excluding the errored block in the unavailable and severely errored second. l l MSES indicates the multiplex section errored second. An ES refers to a second in which one or more errored blocks are detected. MSSES indicates the multiplex section severely errored second. An SES refers to a second in which 30% or more than 30% errored blocks exist or at least one SDP exists. The SDP refers to a period of at least four consecutive blocks or 1 ms (whichever longer) in which the BER of all the consecutive blocks is equal to or higher than 10-2 or the signal is lost. l MSCSES indicates the multiplex section consecutive severely errored second. A CSES refers to a second in which an SES event occurs continuously for less than 10 seconds. l MSUAS indicates the multiplex section unavailable second. A UAS period is counted from the first second of 10 consecutive SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new available second period starts from the first second of ten consecutive non-SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the available time.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description B2CNT Block (MSBBE) Second (MSES, MSSES, MSCSES, and MSUAS)

Impact on System
A small number of bit errors do not affect the services. In the case of excessive bit errors, however, the services are interrupted. Generally, the BER is less than 10-3 in the case of voice services, and 10-6 in the case of data services.
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Relevant Alarms
When the number of MSBBE, MSES, MSSES, MSCSES, or MSUAS events exceeds the specified threshold, the MS_CROSSTR alarm is reported. Performance Event MSBBE MSES MSES MSUAS MSCSES Default Threshold in 15Minute Monitoring 1500 50 20 20 Default Threshold in 24Hour Monitoring 15000 100 50 50

4 (number of consecutive SES events)

Possible Causes
The system detects multiplex section bit errors through the B2 byte.

Procedure
Step 1 See 5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services. ----End

C.2.7 MSFEBBE, MSFEES, MSFESES, MSFECSES, and MSFEUAS


Description
l l l l l MSFEBBE indicates the multiplex section far end background block error. FEBBE indicates that the BBE occurs at the opposite site. MSFEES indicates the multiplex section far end errored second. An FEES indicates that an ES event is detected at the opposite site. MSFESES indicates the multiplex section far end severely errored second. An FESES indicates that an SES event is detected at the opposite site. MSFECSES indicates the multiplex section far end consecutive severely errored second. FECSES indicates that an CSES event occurs at the opposite site. MSFEUAS indicates the multiplex section far end unavailable second. FEUAS indicates that an UAS event occurs at the opposite site.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell
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Description LFEBE
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Attribute Unit

Description Block (MSFEBBE) Second (MSFEES, MSFESES, MSFECSES, and MSFEUAS)

Impact on System
A small number of bit errors do not affect the services. In the case of excessive bit errors, however, the services are interrupted. Generally, the BER is less than 10-3 in the case of voice services, and 10-6 in the case of data services.

Relevant Alarms
The MS_REI alarm is reported at the local end.

Possible Causes
The system detects multiplex section far end bit errors through the M1 byte.

Procedure
Step 1 Clear the corresponding performance events at the opposite site. ----End

C.2.8 HPBBE, HPES, HPSES, HPCSES, and HPUAS


Description
l HPBBE indicates the higher order path background block error. A BBE refers to the errored block excluding the errored block in the unavailable and severely errored second. l l HPES indicates the higher order path errored second. An ES refers to a second in which one or more errored blocks are detected. HPSES indicates the higher order path severely errored second. An SES refers to a certain second in which 30% or more than 30% errored blocks are detected or at least one serious disturbance period (SDP) exists. The SDP refers to a period of at least four consecutive blocks or 1 ms (whichever longer) in which the BER of all the consecutive blocks is equal to or higher than 10-2 or the signal is lost. l HPCSES indicates the higher order path consecutive severely errored second. A CSES refers to a second in which an SES event occurs continuously for less than 10 seconds. l HPUAS indicates the higher order path unavailable second. A UAS period is counted from the first second of 10 consecutive SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new available second period
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starts from the first second of ten consecutive non-SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the available time.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description B3CNT Block (HPBBE) Second (HPES, HPSES, HPCSES, and HPUAS)

Impact on System
A small number of bit errors do not affect the services. In the case of excessive bit errors, however, the services are interrupted. Generally, the BER is less than 10-3 in the case of voice services, and 10-6 in the case of data services.

Relevant Alarms
When the number of HPBBE, HPES, HPSES, HPCSES, or HPUAS performance events exceeds the specified threshold, the HP_CROSSTR alarm is reported. Performance Event HPBBE HPES HPSES HPUAS HPCSES Default Threshold in 15Minute Monitoring 1500 50 20 20 Default Threshold in 24Hour Monitoring 15000 100 50 50

4 (number of consecutive SES events)

Possible Causes
The system detects higher order path bit errors through the B3 byte.

Procedure
Step 1 See 5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services. ----End

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C.2.9 HPFEBBE, HPFEES, HPFESES, HPFECSES, and HPFEUAS


Description
l l l l l HPFEBBE indicates the higher order path far end background block error. FEBBE indicates that a BBE event occurs at the opposite end. HPFEES indicates the higher order path far end errored second. FEES indicates that an ES event occurs at the opposite end. HPFESES indicates the higher order path far end severely errored second. FESES indicates that an SES event occurs at the opposite end. HPFECSES indicates the higher order path far end consecutive severely errored second. FECSES indicates that a CSES event occurs at the opposite end. HPFEUAS indicates the higher order path far end unavailable second. FEUAS indicates that a UAS event occurs at the opposite end.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description PFEBE Block (HPFEBBE) Second (HPFEES, HPFESES, HPFECSES, and HPFEUAS)

Impact on System
A small number of bit errors do not affect the services. In the case of excessive bit errors, however, the services are interrupted. Generally, the BER is less than 10-3 in the case of voice services, and 10-6 in the case of data services.

Relevant Alarms
The HP_REI alarm is reported at the local end.

Possible Causes
The system detects the higher order path far end bit errors through bits 1 to 4 in the G1 byte.

Procedure
Step 1 Clear the corresponding performance event at the opposite end. ----End

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C.2.10 IF_BBE, IF_ES, IF_SES, IF_CSES, and IF_UAS


Description
l IF_BBE indicates the radio link background block error. A BBE refers to the errored block excluding the errored block in the unavailable and severely errored second. l l IF_ES indicates the radio link errored second. An ES refers to a second in which one or more errored blocks are detected. IF_SES indicates the radio link severely errored second. An SES refers to a certain second in which 30% or more than 30% errored blocks are detected or at least one serious disturbance period (SDP) exists. The SDP refers to a period of at least four consecutive blocks or 1 ms (whichever longer) in which the BER of all the consecutive blocks is equal to or higher than 10-2 or the signal is lost. l IF_CSES indicates the radio link consecutively severely errored second. A CSES refers to a second in which an SES event occurs continuously for less than 10 seconds. l IF_UAS indicates the radio link unavailable second. A UAS period is counted from the first second of 10 consecutive SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new available second period starts from the first second of ten consecutive non-SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the available time.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description IFCNT Block (IFBBE) Second (IFES, IFSES, IFCSES, and IFUAS)

Impact on System
A small number of bit errors do not affect the services. In the case of excessive bit errors, however, the services are interrupted. Generally, the BER is less than 10-3 in the case of voice services, and 10-6 in the case of data services.

Relevant Alarms
In the case of the IFH2 board, the MW_BER_SD or MW_BER_EXC alarm is reported when the BER exceeds the specified threshold. In the case of the IF1 board, the B1_SD or B1_EXC alarm is reported when the BER exceeds the specified threshold.

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Possible Causes
The system detects bit errors on the radio link through the bit error detection overheads in the overheads of a microwave frame.

Procedure
Step 1 See 5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services. ----End

C.2.11 VC3BBE, VC3ES, VC3SES, VC3CSES, and VC3UAS


Description
l VC3BBE indicates VC-3 background block error. A BBE refers to the errored block excluding the errored block in the unavailable time and severely errored second. l l VC3ES indicates VC-3 errored second. An ES refers to a certain second in which one or more errored blocks are detected. VC3SES indicates VC-3 severely errored second. An SES refers to a certain second in which 30% or more errored blocks are detected or at least one serious disturbance period (SDP) exists. The SDP refers to a period of at least four consecutive blocks or 1 ms (whichever longer) in which the BER of all the consecutive blocks is equal to or higher than 10-2 or the signal is lost. l VC3CSES indicates VC-3 consecutive severely errored second. A CSES refers to a second of the period in which an SES event occurs continuously within 10 seconds. l VC3UAS indicates VC-3 unavailable second. A UAS period is counted from the first second of 10 consecutive SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the unavailable time. A new available second period starts from the first second of ten consecutive non-SES events. These ten seconds are considered to be a part of the available time.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description B3CNT Block (VC3BBE) Second (VC3ES, VC3SES, VC3CSES, and VC3UAS)

Impact on System
A small number of bit errors do not affect the services. In the case of excessive bit errors, however, the services are interrupted. Generally, the BER is less than 10-3 in the case of voice services, and 10-6 in the case of data services.
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Related Alarms
If the number of VC3BBE, VC3ES, VC3SES, VC3CSES, or VC3UAS performance events exceeds the specified threshold, the LP_CROSSTR alarm is reported. Performance Event VC3BBE VC3ES VC3SES VC3UAS VC3CSES Default Threshold in 15Minute Monitoring 1500 50 20 20 Default Threshold in 24Hour Monitoring 15000 100 50 50

4 (number of consecutive SES events)

Possible Causes
The system detects VC-3 path bit errors through the B3 byte.

Procedure
Step 1 See 5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services. ----End

C.2.12 VC3FEBBE, VC3FEES, VC3FESES, VC3FECSES, and VC3FEUAS


Description
l l l l l VC3FEBBE indicates VC-3 far end background block error. A VC3FEBBE indicates that a BBE event is detected at the opposite site. VC3FEES indicates VC-3 far end errored second. An FEES indicates that an ES event is detected at the opposite site. VC3FESES indicates VC-3 far end severely errored second. An FESES indicates that an SES event is detected at the opposite site. VC3FECSES indicates VC-3 far end consecutive severely errored second. An FECSES indicates that a CSES event is detected at the opposite site. VC3FEUAS indicates VC-3 far end unavailable second. An FEUAS indicates that a UAS event is detected at opposite site.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell
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Description VC3FEBE
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Attribute Unit

Description Block (VC3FEBBE) Second (VC3FEES, VC3FESES, VC3FECSES, and VC3FEUAS)

Impact on System
A small number of bit errors do not affect the services. In the case of excessive bit errors, however, the services are interrupted. Generally, the BER is less than 10-3 in the case of voice services, and 10-6 in the case of data services.

Relevant Alarms
The LP_REI_VC3 alarm is reported at the local end.

Possible Causes
The system detects the VC-3 path far end bit errors through bits 1 to 4 in the G1 byte.

Procedure
Step 1 Clear the corresponding performance events at the opposite site. ----End

C.2.13 LPBBE, LPES, LPSES, LPCSES, and LPUAS


Description
l LPBBE indicates the lower order path background block error. A BBE refers to the errored block excluding the errored block in the unavailable and severely errored second. l l LPES indicates the lower order path errored second. An ES refers to a second in which one or more errored blocks are detected. LPSES indicates the lower order path severely errored second. An SES refers to a second in which 30% or more than 30% errored blocks exist or at least one SDP exists. The SDP is a period when loss of signal is detected or the BER of all the consecutive blocks are greater than or equal to 10-2 in at least four consecutive blocks or 1 ms (whichever longer). l LPCSES indicates the lower order path consecutive severely errored second. A CSES refers to a second in which an SES event occurs continuously for less than 10 seconds. l LPUAS indicates the lower order path unavailable second. An unavailable second (UAS) is counted from the first second of ten SES events, which are considered to be part of the unavailable time. A new available second period starts from
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the first second of ten consecutive non-SES events, which are considered to be part of the available time.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description LPBIP2CNT Block (LPBBE) Second (LPES, LPSES, LPCSES, and LPUAS)

Impact on System
A small number of bit errors do not affect the service. In the case of excessive bit errors, however, the services are interrupted. Generally, the BER is less than 10-3 in the case of voice services and less than 10-6 in the case of data services.

Relevant Alarms
When the number of LPBBE, LPES, LPSES, LPCSES, or LPUAS events exceeds the specified threshold, the LP_CROSSTR alarm is reported. Performance Event LPBBE LPES LPSES LPUAS LPCSES Default Threshold in 15Minute Monitoring 1500 50 20 20 Default Threshold in 24Hour Monitoring 15000 100 50 50

4 (number of consecutive SES events)

Possible Causes
The system detects lower order path bit errors through the V5 byte (BIP-2 check) (in the case of an E1 interface board or an Ethernet board) or B3 byte (in the case of an E3/T3 interface board).

Procedure
Step 1 See 5.4 Troubleshooting Bit Errors in TDM Services. ----End

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C.2.14 LPFEBBE, LPFEES, LPFESES, LPFECSES, and LPFEUAS


Description
l l l l l LPFEBBE indicates the lower order path far end background block error. FEBBE indicates that the BBE occurs at the opposite site. LPFEES indicates the lower order path far end errored second. FEES indicates that the ES occurs at the opposite site. LPFESES indicates the lower order path far end severely errored second. FESES indicates that the SES occurs at the opposite site. LPFECSES indicates the lower order path far end consecutive severely errored second. FECSES indicates that the CSES occurs at the opposite site. LPFEUAS indicates the lower order path far end unavailable second. FEUAS indicates that the UAS occurs at the opposite site.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description LPFEBE Block (LPFEBBE) Second (LPFEES, LPFESES, LPFECSES, and LPFEUAS)

Impact on System
A small number of bit errors do not affect the service. In the case of excessive bit errors, however, the services are interrupted. Generally, the BER is less than 10-3 in the case of voice services and less than 10-6 in the case of data services.

Relevant Alarms
If a performance event is generated on a tributary board, the LP_REI alarm is generated at the local end. If a performance event is generated on an Ethernet board, the LP_REI_VC12 alarm is generated at the local end.

Possible Causes
The system detects lower order path bit errors through bit 3 in the V5 byte (in the case of an E1 interface board or an Ethernet board) or bits 1-4 in the G1 byte (in the case of an E3/T3 interface board).

Procedure
Step 1 Clear the corresponding performance events at the opposite site. ----End
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C.2.15 E3_LCV_SDH, E3_LES_SDH, and E3_LSES_SDH


Description
l l l E3_LCV_SDH indicates the statistics of the E3 line side codes that do not meet the relevant requirements. E3_LES_SDH indicates the severely errored second of the E3 line side codes. E3_LSES_SDH indicates the E3 line side code violation severely errored second.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description DS3_BPV_CNT Block

Impact on System
Bit errors may occur in the services.

Possible Causes
Interference signals exist on the transmission lines.

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the services gain access to the receive end. If... No services gain access to the receive end Certain services gain access to the receive end Then... Enable the services to gain access to the receive end. Go to the next step.

Step 2 Check whether the ground cable is connected properly If... Then...

The ground cable is connected incorrectly or Connect the ground cable correctly to is disconnected eliminate the interference. The connection is correct Go to the next step.

Step 3 Check whether the connectors of the transmission cables are made properly. If... The connector is made improperly The connection is correct ----End
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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide

C.2.16 T3_LCV_SDH, T3_LES_SDH, and T3_LSES_SDH


Description
l l l T3_LCV_SDH indicates the statistics of the T3 line side codes that do not meet the relevant requirements. T3_LES_SDH indicates the severely errored second of the T3 line side codes. T3_LSES_SDH indicates the severely errored second of the T3 line side codes.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description DS3_BPV_CNT Block

Impact on System
Bit errors may occur in the services.

Possible Causes
Interference signals exist on the transmission lines.

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the services gain access to the receive end. If... No services gain access to the receive end Certain services gain access to the receive end Then... Enable the services to gain access to the receive end. Go to the next step.

Step 2 Check whether the ground cable is connected properly If... Then...

The ground cable is connected incorrectly or Connect the ground cable correctly to is disconnected eliminate the interference. The ground cable is connected correctly Go to the next step.

Step 3 Check whether the connectors of the transmission cables are made properly. If... The connectors are made inappropriately The connections are correct ----End
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C.2.17 TSL_MAX, TSL_MIN, TSL_CUR, and TSL_AVG


Description
l l l l TSL_MAX indicates the maximum radio transmit signal level. TSL_MIN indicates the minimum radio transmit signal level. TSL_CUR indicates the current radio transmit signal level. TSL_AVG indicates the average radio transmit signal level.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description TSL dBm

Impact on System
When the radio transmit signal level is very low or very high, the radio received signal level at the opposite site is very low or very high. As a result, bit errors occur and even services are interrupted.

Related Alarms
If the radio transmit signal level is beyond the range supported by the ODU, the RADIO_TSL_HIGH or RADIO_TSL_LOW alarm is reported.

C.2.18 RSL_MAX, RSL_MIN, RSL_CUR, and RSL_AVG


Description
l l l l RSL_MAX indicates the maximum radio received signal level. RSL_MAX indicates the minimum radio received signal level. RSL_CUR indicates the current radio received signal level. RSL_AVG indicates the average radio received signal level.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description RSL dBm

Impact on System
When the radio received signal level is very low or very high, bit errors occur and even services are interrupted.
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Relevant Alarms
If the radio received signal level exceeds the specified threshold, the RADIO_RSL_HIGH or RADIO_RSL_LOW alarm is reported.

C.2.19 RLHTT, RLLTT, TLHTT, and TLLTT


Description
l l l l RLHTT indicates the duration when the ODU at the local end has a receive power lower than the upper threshold. RLLTT indicates the duration when the ODU at the local end has a receive power lower than the lower threshold. TLHTT indicates the duration when the ODU at the local end has a transit power higher than the upper threshold. TLLTT indicates the duration when the ODU at the local end has a transit power higher than the lower threshold.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description RLHTS, RLLTS, TLHTS, and TLLTS Second

Impact on System
None.

Relevant Alarms
None.

C.2.20 ACMDOWNCNT and ACMUPCNT


Description
l ACMDOWNCNT indicates the count of AM switching on a board from a high-efficiency modulation scheme to a low-efficiency modulation scheme in the current performance statistics period. ACMUPCNT indicates the count of AM switching on a board from a low-efficiency modulation scheme to a high-efficiency modulation scheme in the current performance statistics period.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell
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Description AMDOWNCNT and AMUPCNT


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Attribute Unit

Description None

Impact on System
ACMDOWNCNT and ACMUPCNT indicate only statistical values, and do not affect the system.

Relevant Alarms
AM_DOWNSHIFT

Possible Causes
When the AM function is enabled, the modulation scheme used by the IF port on an IF board varies according to the quality of the link. Accordingly, the system counts the performance during the change of the modulation scheme. When a low-efficiency modulation scheme is switched to a high-efficiency modulation scheme, an upward switching action is recorded and one ACMUPCNT event is counted. Similarly, when a high-efficiency modulation scheme is switched to a low-efficiency modulation scheme, a downward switching action is recorded and one ACMDOWNCNT event is counted.

C.2.21 FEC_BEF_COR_ER, FEC_COR_BYTE_CNT, and FEC_UNCOR_BLOCK_CNT


Description
l l l FEC_BEF_COR_ER indicates the BER before the FEC is performed. This event indicates the impact of the external environment on the transmission. FEC_COR_BYTE_CNT indicates the number of bytes corrected through the FEC. This event indicates the impact of the FEC. FEC_UNCOR_BLOCK_CN indicates the number of frames that cannot be corrected through the FEC. This event indicates the number of error blocks after the FEC is performed.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Description FECBEFCORER (FEC_BEF_COR_ER), FECUNCORBLOCKCNT (FEC_COR_BYTE_CNT), and FECUNCORBLOCKCNT (FEC_UNCOR_BLOCK_CNT)

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Attribute Unit

Description None (FEC_BEF_COR_ER) None (FEC_COR_BYTE_CNT) Block (FEC_UNCOR_BLOCK_CNT)

Impact on System
If the value of FEC_BEF_COR is very high, residual bit errors are generated after the FEC is performed. If the value of FEC_UNCOR_BLOCK_CNT is not zero, bit errors that cannot be corrected are generated on a radio link, and bit errors are generated in the service accordingly.

Relevant Alarms
If a byte cannot be corrected, the MW_FEC_UNCOR alarm is reported.

C.2.22 QPSKWS, QAMWS16, QAMWS32, QAMWS64, QAMWS128, and QAMWS256


Description
l l l l l l QPSKWS indicates the working duration of the QPSK mode. QAMWS16 indicates the working time of the 16QAM mode. QAMWS32 indicates the working time of the 32QAM mode. QAMWS64 indicates the working time of the 64QAM mode. QAMWS128 indicates the working time of the 128QAM mode. QAMWS256 indicates the working time of the 256QAM mode.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Description QPSKWSSECOND (QPSKWS) QAMWS16SECOND (QAMWS16) QAMWS32SECOND (QAMWS32) QAMWS64SECOND (QAMWS64) QAMWS128SECOND (QAMWS128) QAMWS256SECOND (QAMWS256) Unit Second

Impact on System
When the AM function is not enabled, the performance event does not affect the system.
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When the AM function is enabled, in normal cases, the seconds of the modulation mode for ensuring capacity account for a larger percentage. In the duration set for good weather, if the seconds of the low-efficiency modulation mode account for a larger percentage, the performance of the radio link is abnormal.

Relevant Alarms
None.

C.2.23 TPLMAX, TPLMIN, and TPLCUR


Description
l l l TPLMAX indicates the maximum transmit optical power at an optical interface. TPLMIN indicates the minimum transmit optical power at an optical interface. TPLCUR indicates the current transmit optical power at an optical interface.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description OPM dBm

Impact on System
In normal cases, the receive optical power is 3 dB higher than the receiver sensitivity, and 5 dB lower than the overload power. If the transmit optical power is very low or very high, the receive optical power at the opposite site is accordingly very low or very high. As a result, bit errors occur and even services are interrupted.

Relevant Alarms
l l If the transmit optical power at the opposite site is lower than the receiver sensitivity, the IN_PWR_LOW is reported. If the receive optical power at the opposite site is higher than the overload power, the IN_PWR_HIGH alarm is reported.

C.2.24 RPLMAX, RPLMIN, and RPLCUR


Description
l l l
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RPLMAX indicates the maximum receive optical power at an optical interface. RPLMAX indicates the minimum receive optical power at an optical interface. RPLCUR indicates the current receive optical power at an optical interface.
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Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description IPM dBm

Impact on System
In normal cases, the receive optical power is 3 dB higher than the receiver sensitivity, and 5 dB lower than the overload power. If the receive optical power is very low or very high, bit errors occur and even services are interrupted.

Relevant Alarms
l l If the receive optical power is lower than the receiver sensitivity, the IN_PWR_LOW alarm is reported. If the receive optical power is higher than the overload power, the IN_PWR_HIGH alarm is reported.

C.2.25 BDTMPMAX, BDTMPMIN, and BDTMPCUR


Description
l l l BDTEMPMAX indicates the maximum temperature of a board. BDTEMPMIN indicates the minimum temperature of a board. BDTEMPCUR indicates the current temperature of a board.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description None. C

Impact on System
If the temperature of a board is very high or very low, the performance of the board degrades, and bit errors or other faults occur.

Relevant Alarms
If the temperature of a board exceeds the specified threshold, the TEMP_ALARM alarm is reported.
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C.2.26 OSPITMPMAX, OSPITMPMIN, and OSPITMPCUR


Description
l l l OSPITMPMAX indicates the maximum temperature of a laser core. OSPITMPMIN indicates the minimum temperature of a laser core. OSPITMPCUR indicates the current temperature of a laser core.

Attribute
Attribute Performance event cell Unit Description TMP C

Impact on System
If the temperature of a laser core is very high or very low, the performance of the laser degrades, and bit errors or other faults occur.

Relevant Alarms
None.

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D RMON Event Reference

RMON Event Reference

RMON events reflect the running status of the Ethernet services. This topic describes all the possible RMON events on the OptiX RTN 620 and how to handle these events. D.1 List of RMON Alarm Entries RMON alarm entries refer to the table entries in the RMON alarm group. D.2 List of RMON Performance Entries RMON performance entries refer to the table entries in the RMON statistics group or history group. D.3 RMON Alarm Clearance Reference This topic describes the RMON events of the OptiX RTN 620 and how to handle these events.

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D.1 List of RMON Alarm Entries


RMON alarm entries refer to the table entries in the RMON alarm group. Table D-1 List of RMON alarm entries Alarm Name Dropevent UndersizePkts OversizePkts Fragments Jabbers FCSErrors Description Number of packet loss events exceeding the threshold Number of undersized packets exceeding the threshold Number of oversized packets exceeding the threshold Number of fragment packets exceeding the threshold Number of jabber packets exceeding the threshold Number of packets with FCS errors exceeding the threshold EMS6, EFT4, EFP6 Source EMS6, EFT4, IFH2, EFP6

D.2 List of RMON Performance Entries


RMON performance entries refer to the table entries in the RMON statistics group or history group. Table D-2 List of RMON performance entries Category of Performa nce Entries Basic performanc e Name of a Performance Entry Source

Packets received (packets) Packets received (64 bytes in length) (packets) Packets received (65-127 bytes in length) (packets) Packets received (128-255 bytes in length) (packets)

EMS6, EFT4, IFH2, EFP6

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Category of Performa nce Entries

Name of a Performance Entry

Source

Packets received (256-511 bytes in length) (packets) Packets received (512-1023 bytes in length) (packets) Packets received (1024-1518 bytes in length) (packets) Bytes received (bytes) Oversized packets received (packets) Undersized packets received (packets) Multicast packets received (packets) Broadcast packets received (packets) Undersized error packets received (packets) Oversized error packets received (packets) Packet loss events Fragments received (packets) Collisions (times) FCS and alignment error packets (packets) Extended performanc e Packets transmitted (64 bytes in length) (packets) Packets transmitted (65-127 bytes in length) (packets) Packets transmitted (128-255 bytes in length) (packets) Packets transmitted (256-511 bytes in length) (packets) Packets transmitted (512-1023 bytes in length) (packets) Packets transmitted (1024-1518 bytes in length) (packets) IFH2, EFP6 EMS6, EFT4, EFP6 EMS6, EFT4, IFH2 EMS6, EFT4,EFP6 EMS6, EFT4 EFT4, EFP6 EMS6, EFT4, IFH2, EFP6

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Category of Performa nce Entries

Name of a Performance Entry

Source

Packets received and transmitted (64 bytes in length) (packets) Packets received and transmitted (65-127 bytes in length) (packets) Packets received and transmitted (128-255 bytes in length) (packets) Packets received and transmitted (256-511 bytes in length) (packets) Packets received and transmitted (512-1023 bytes in length) (packets) Packets received and transmitted (1024-1518 bytes in length) (packets) Unicast packets transmitted (packets) Pause frames received (frames) Pause frames transmitted (frames) FCS error frames (frames) Oversized packets transmitted (packets) Packets transmitted (packets) Bytes transmitted (bytes) Packets received (1519 bytes to the MTU in length) (packets) Packets transmitted (1519 bytes to the MTU in length) (packets) Packets received and transmitted (1519 bytes to the MTU in length) (packets) Transmitting packet loss events (packets) Unicast packets received (packets) Multicast packets transmitted (packets) EMS6, EFT4, EFP6 IFH2

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D RMON Event Reference

Category of Performa nce Entries

Name of a Performance Entry

Source

Broadcast packets transmitted (packets) Rate of good full-frame bytes received (bytes/second) Rate of good full-frame bytes transmitted (bytes/second) Good full-frame bytes received (bytes) Good full-frame bytes transmitted (bytes) Control frames received (frame) Control frames transmitted (frame) Alignment error frames (frame) Control packets transmitted (packets) Frames properly transmitted after only one collision (frame) Frames properly transmitted after multiple collisions (frame) Late collisions (times) Frames unsuccessfully transmitted after successive collisions (frame) Delayed frames (frame) VCG performanc e Packets received (packets) Packets transmitted (packets) Good packets received (packets) Good packets transmitted (packets) Rate of good full-frame bytes received (bytes/second) Rate of good full-frame bytes transmitted (bytes/second) Octects Received(octets) Octects Transmitted(octets) EMS6, EFP6 EMS6, EFT4 EMS6, EFT4, EFP6 EMS6, EFT4, EFP6 EFP6 EMS6, EFT4

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NOTE

The ports of the EMS6, EFP6, EFT4, and IFH2 boards support the basic performance and the extended performance. The VCTRUNK of the EMS6 and EFP6 board supports the VCG performance. The VCTRUNK of the EFT4 board does not support RMON.

D.3 RMON Alarm Clearance Reference


This topic describes the RMON events of the OptiX RTN 620 and how to handle these events. D.3.1 DropEvent D.3.2 UndersizePkts D.3.3 OversizePkts D.3.4 Fragments D.3.5 Jabbers D.3.6 FCSErrors

D.3.1 DropEvent
Description
DropEvent indicates the number of events that packet loss occurs due to resource deficiency. An RMON threshold-crossing event is reported when the number of packet loss events is higher than the upper threshold or lower than the lower threshold.

Impact on System
When packet loss occurs frequently, services are affected and the system is affected seriously. Therefore, you must rectify the fault immediately.

Possible Causes
This performance event indicates packet loss due to the full MAC buffer, FIFO overflow, flow control, or backward pressure. l l The lower threshold is not set to a non-zero value. The local data board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Rectify the fault according to the specific performance event. If... Then...

The number of packet loss events is lower than the lower Change the lower threshold to 0. threshold
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If... The number of packet loss events is higher than the upper threshold

Then... Go to the next step.

Step 2 Replace the board that reports an alarm at the local end. Clear the alarm according to the type of the board. If... The alarm is reported by an IF board The alarm is reported by an Ethernet board ----End Then... See 6.7 Replacing the IF Board. See 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board.

Relevant Information
All the RMON performance events are threshold-crossing events. That is, you can check whether the count of RMON performance events in a sampling period exceeds the specified threshold. You can set the sampling period, which is defaulted to 10 seconds.

D.3.2 UndersizePkts
Description
UndersizePkts indicates that an RMON threshold-crossing event is reported when the number of packets that are shorter than 64 bytes and are received on the line side crosses the preset threshold.

Impact on System
The data frames whose length is beyond the specific range are discarded. As a result, the system services are affected.

Possible Causes
1. 2. The length of a data frame that is received by the board is shorter than 64 bytes. The hardware of a local board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the opposite equipment transmits a packet that is shorter than 64 bytes. If... The opposite equipment transmits a packet that is shorter than 64 bytes Then... Rectify the fault on the opposite NE.

The opposite end does not transmit a packet that is Go to the next step. shorter than 64 bytes Step 2 Replace the board that reports an alarm at the local end. Clear the alarm according to the type of the board.
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If... The alarm is reported by an IF board The alarm is reported by an Ethernet board ----End

Then... See 6.7 Replacing the IF Board. See 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board.

Relevant Information
l The length range of the data frames that are processed by each type of board is different. The length of the data frames transmitted by the opposite end is within the normal range, but it may be beyond the length range of the data frames that can be processed by the local end. Undersized frames may be relevant to services. The opposite equipment may change the length of data frames by an operation such as encapsulation. As a result, a downstream node considers the data frames as undersized frames.

D.3.3 OversizePkts
Description
OversizePkts indicates that an RMON threshold-crossing event is reported when the number of packets that are longer than the MTU specified for the port and are received on the line side crosses the preset threshold.

Impact on System
If the length of a data frame received at a port is longer than the preset maximum frame length, the data frame is discarded and thus the system services are affected.

Possible Causes
1. 2. The length of an oversized frame configured for a board is shorter than the length of a frame that is received by the board. The hardware of the local board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the opposite equipment transmits a frame that is longer than the maximum frame of the local equipment. If... Then...

The opposite equipment transmits a frame Notify the opposite equipment that the length that is longer than the maximum frame of transmitted frames is changed. length set for the local equipment The opposite equipment does not transmit Go to the next step. a frame that is longer than the maximum frame length set for the local equipment Step 2 Replace the board that reports an alarm at the local end. Clear the alarm according to the type of the board.
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If... The alarm is reported by an IF board The alarm is reported by an Ethernet board ----End

Then... See 6.7 Replacing the IF Board. See 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board.

Relevant Information
l The length range of the data frames that are processed by each type of board is different. The length of the data frames transmitted by the opposite end is within the normal range, but it may be beyond the length range of the data frames that can be processed by the local end. Oversized frames may be relevant to services. The opposite equipment may change the length of data frames by an operation such as encapsulation. As a result, a downstream node considers the data frames as oversized frames.

D.3.4 Fragments
Description
Fragments indicates that an RMON threshold-crossing event is reported when the number of received packets that are shorter than 64 bytes and have FCS or alignment errors exceeds the specified upper threshold.

Impact on System
Data transmission is delayed or packet loss occurs.

Possible Causes
l l The working modes of the ports on the equipment at both ends are different from each other. The hardware of the local board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the working modes of the ports on the equipment at both ends are the same. If... The working modes are the same The working modes are different from each other Then... Go to the next step. Change the working mode of the port on the local equipment to ensure that the working modes of the ports on the equipment at both ends are the same.

Step 2 Replace the board that reports an alarm at the local end. For details, see 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board. ----End
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D.3.5 Jabbers
Description
Jabbers indicates that an RMON threshold-crossing event is reported when the received packets are longer than 1518 bytes and have FCS or alignment errors.

Impact on System
Data transmission is delayed or packet loss occurs.

Possible Causes
l l The working modes of the ports on the equipment at both ends are different from each other. The hardware of the local board is faulty.

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the working modes of the ports on the equipment at both ends are the same. If... The working modes are the same The working modes are different from each other Then... Go to the next step. Change the working mode of the port on the local equipment to ensure that the working modes of the ports on the equipment at both ends are the same.

Step 2 Replace the board that reports an alarm at the local end. For details, see 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board. ----End

D.3.6 FCSErrors
Description
FCSErrors indicates that the number of Ethernet data frames that contain FCS check errors (excluding the oversized and undersized frames) and are received by the local end exceeds the specified threshold. FCSErrors includes FCSErrOv and FCSErrUd. FCSErrOv indicates that the number of Ethernet data frames that contain FCS check errors is higher than the upper threshold, and FCSErrUd indicates the number of Ethernet data frames that contain FCS check errors is lower than the lower threshold.

Impact on System
Most boards discard the packets of FCS check errors. The system services are interrupted in the worst case.
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Possible Causes
l The working modes of the ports on the equipment at both ends are different from each other. For example, the port at one end works in half-duplex mode, and the port at the other end works in half-duplex mode. The transmission line is of the poor quality and bit errors exist. The hardware of the local board is faulty.

l l

Procedure
Step 1 Rectify the fault based on the alarm parameters. If... The FCSErrUd performance event occurs The FCSErrOv performance event occurs Then... Change the lower threshold to 0. Go to the next step.

Step 2 If the FCSErrOv performance event occurs, on the NMS, check whether the working modes of the ports on the equipment at both ends are the same. If... Then...

The ports on the equipment at both ends are Change the working modes of the ports on the different from each other equipment at both ends to ensure that they are the same. The ports on the equipment at both ends are Go to the next step. the same Step 3 Replace the board that reports an alarm at the local end. For details, see 6.6 Replacing the Ethernet Service Processing Board. ----End

Relevant Information
All the RMON performance events are threshold-crossing events. That is, you can check whether the count of RMON performance events in a sampling period exceeds the specified threshold. You can set the sampling period, which is defaulted to 10 seconds.

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E Alarm Management

Alarm Management

Alarm management of the OptiX RTN 620 is classified into NE alarm management and board alarm management. E.1 NE Alarm Management The NE alarm management function set by a user is applicable to all the boards on an NE. E.2 Board Alarm Management The board alarm management function is valid for only a board on which a user configures this function.

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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide

E.1 NE Alarm Management


The NE alarm management function set by a user is applicable to all the boards on an NE. The NE alarm management function of the OptiX RTN 620 includes: l l l Sets the method for saving an alarm. Sets the delay of an alarm. Sets the reversion mode of an alarm.

For details about these functions, see the manuals or online Help of the NMS.

E.2 Board Alarm Management


The board alarm management function is valid for only a board on which a user configures this function. E.2.1 Setting the Alarm Severity Alarms are classified into four severity levels: critical, major, minor, and warning. The maintenance personnel can change the alarm severity by using the NMS. E.2.2 Alarm Suppression A board detects only the alarms whose Alarm Monitoring is set to Yes. If the alarms need not be monitored, the maintenance personnel can set alarm suppression. E.2.3 Alarm Auto-Report If Alarm Auto-Report is set to Reported, all the detected alarms are reported immediately to the NMS. If Alarm Auto-Report is set to Not Report, the alarms are reported only when alarm query is performed on the NMS. The maintenance personnel can change the setting as required on the NMS. E.2.4 Alarm Reversion If a port is not configured with a service, certain alarms may be reported. To filter the alarms that are not concerned, set these alarms to be reversed. In this manner, the alarm status at this port is contrary to the actual status. That is, the status is displayed to be normal when an alarm is actually reported. E.2.5 Setting of the Bit Error Alarm Threshold When the number of bit errors detected by a board exceeds a specified value, the board generates a bit error alarm. This specified value is the bit error alarm threshold, and the setting of this threshold is supported by all the bit error threshold-crossing and degrading alarms on the OptiX RTN 620. E.2.6 AIS Insertion AIS insertion can be set for certain alarms reported on a board. When a board detects the alarms, it inserts all 1s into the lower level service signal to indicate the opposite end that the service signal is unavailable. E.2.7 UNEQ Insertion When a board detects that the service path is not in use or that the LOS alarm is generated, the board inserts all 0s into the service signal to notify the opposite end that the service signal is unavailable.
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E Alarm Management

E.2.1 Setting the Alarm Severity


Alarms are classified into four severity levels: critical, major, minor, and warning. The maintenance personnel can change the alarm severity by using the NMS. This function is supported by all the boards.

E.2.2 Alarm Suppression


A board detects only the alarms whose Alarm Monitoring is set to Yes. If the alarms need not be monitored, the maintenance personnel can set alarm suppression. This function is supported by all the boards.

E.2.3 Alarm Auto-Report


If Alarm Auto-Report is set to Reported, all the detected alarms are reported immediately to the NMS. If Alarm Auto-Report is set to Not Report, the alarms are reported only when alarm query is performed on the NMS. The maintenance personnel can change the setting as required on the NMS. This function is supported by all the boards.

E.2.4 Alarm Reversion


If a port is not configured with a service, certain alarms may be reported. To filter the alarms that are not concerned, set these alarms to be reversed. In this manner, the alarm status at this port is contrary to the actual status. That is, the status is displayed to be normal when an alarm is actually reported. The alarm reversion function is available in three modes, namely, non-revertive, automatic reversion, and manual reversion. l Non-revertive In this mode, the alarms are monitored by default and alarm reversion cannot be enabled for a port. l Auto reversion In this mode, alarm reversion can be enabled for a port where alarms are reported. After alarm reversion is enabled at a port, alarms are not reported. When the current alarm is cleared, the alarm reversion changes automatically to the disabled status. That is, the alarm reversion changes to the non-revertive mode. Then, the alarm reporting status at the port is the same as the actual status. l Manual reversion In this mode, alarm reversion can be enabled for a port regardless of whether any alarms are reported at the port. After alarm reversion is enabled, the alarm reporting status at the port is the same as the actual status. After alarm reversion is manually disabled, the alarm reversion status changes to the non-revertive mode. Then, the alarm reporting status at the port is the same as the actual status. Pay attention to the following points when you set the alarm reversion function: l Alarm reversion does not change the actual status of alarms on the board, as well as the indication status of the alarm indicators.
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OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide

Alarm reversion is implemented by the NE software. The alarm data is the same on the NE and the NMS, which indicates the status after the alarm reversion. If you directly query the alarm data of a board, however, the actual alarm status is returned. Alarm reversion is set on the basis of a port. Alarm reversion is supported by each port of the SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, SL4, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, PH1, PO1, PD1, PL3, EFT4, and EFP6.

E.2.5 Setting of the Bit Error Alarm Threshold


When the number of bit errors detected by a board exceeds a specified value, the board generates a bit error alarm. This specified value is the bit error alarm threshold, and the setting of this threshold is supported by all the bit error threshold-crossing and degrading alarms on the OptiX RTN 620. Table E-1 Setting of the bit error alarm threshold Alarm Name B1_EXC B1_SD B2_EXC B2_SD B3_EXC B3_SD BIP_EXC BIP_SD B3_EXC_VC3 B3_SD_VC3 MW_BER_EXC MW_BER_SD Default Alarm Threshold 10-3 10-6 10-3 10-6 10-3 10-6 10-3 10-6 10-3 10-6 10-3 10-6 IFH2 Applicable Board SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IF0A, IF0B, IFX, and SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, and SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, SL4, and PL3 PO1, PH1, EFT4, EMS6, EFP6, PD1, IF0A, and IF0B EFT4 and EMS6

E.2.6 AIS Insertion


AIS insertion can be set for certain alarms reported on a board. When a board detects the alarms, it inserts all 1s into the lower level service signal to indicate the opposite end that the service signal is unavailable.

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Table E-2 Setting of the AIS insertion Trigger Condition B1_EXC Default Value Enabled Disabled B2_SD Disabled Enabled B2_EXC HP_LOM HP_TIM HP_SLM HP_UNEQ B3_EXC B3_SD B1_SD Disabled Enabled Disabled Disabled Disabled Enabled Disabled Disabled SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, PL3, and SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, and SL4 PH1, PO1, PD1, and PL3 Applicable Board SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, and SL4 IF0A and IF0B SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, and IFX SL4 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, IF1A, IF1B, IFX, and SL4

LP_TIM LP_UNEQ LP_SLM T_ALOS BIP_EXC BIP_SD P_LOS MW_BER_EXC MW_BER_SD

Disabled Disabled Disabled Enabled Disabled Disabled Enabled Enabled Forbidden

PL3 IFH2

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NOTE

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l When the SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, or SL4 board detects the R_LOS, R_LOF, MS_AIS, AU_AIS, or AU_LOP alarm, this board forcibly inserts the AIS. l When the IFX, IF1A, or IF1B board detects the MW_LOF, R_LOS, R_LOF, MS_AIS, AU_AIS, or AU_LOP alarm, this board forcibly inserts the AIS. l When the IF0A or IF0B board detects the MW_LOF, R_LOS, or R_LOF alarm, this board forcibly inserts the AIS. l When the IFH2 board detects the MW_BER_EXC alarm, this board forcibly inserts the AIS.

E.2.7 UNEQ Insertion


When a board detects that the service path is not in use or that the LOS alarm is generated, the board inserts all 0s into the service signal to notify the opposite end that the service signal is unavailable. Table E-3 Setting of the UNEQ insertion Trigger Condition T_ALOS Service path being not in use P_LOS Default Value Disabled Disabled Disabled PL3 Applicable Board PH1, PO1, PD1, PL3

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F Performance Event Management

Performance Event Management

Performance event management of the OptiX RTN 620 is classified into NE performance event management and board performance event management. F.1 NE Performance Event Management The NE performance event management function set by a user is applicable to all the boards on an NE. F.2 Board Performance Event Management The performance event management function is valid for only a board on which a user configures this function.

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F.1 NE Performance Event Management


The NE performance event management function set by a user is applicable to all the boards on an NE. The NE performance event management function supported by OptiX RTN 620 includes: l l l Sets the monitoring of NE performance events Sets the start/end time of performance events Enables/Disables the reporting of UAT events

For details about these functions, see the manuals or online Help of the NMS.

F.2 Board Performance Event Management


The performance event management function is valid for only a board on which a user configures this function. Table F-1 Board performance event management function Function Sets 15-minute/24-hour performance monitoring. Sets 15-minute/24-hour performance event autoreporting. Sets performance thresholds. Resets the performance register. Generates performance threshold-crossing alarms. Monitors UAT events. Monitors CSES performance events. Applicable Board SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, SL4, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, IF1A, IF1B, IFH2, PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3, EFT4, EMS6, EFP6, PXC, ODU, and SCC SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, SL4, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, IF1A, IF1B, IFH2, PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3, EFT4, EMS6, EFP6, PXC, ODU, and SCC SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, SL4, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, IF1A, IF1B, IFH2, PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3, EFT4, EMS6, and EFP6 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, SL4, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, IF1A, IF1B, IFH2, PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3, EFT4, EMS6, EFP6, and ODU SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, SL4, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, IF1A, IF1B, IFH2, PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3, EFT4, EMS6, and EFP6 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, SL4, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, IF1A, IF1B, IFH2, PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3, EFT4, EMS6, and EFP6 SD1, SL1, SDE, SLE, SL4, IFX, IF0A, IF0B, IF1A, IF1B, IFH2, PO1, PH1, PD1, PL3, EFT4, EMS6, and EFP6

F-2

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G Alarm Suppression Relationship

G
MW_LOF

Alarm Suppression Relationship

Table G-1 Suppression relationship between intra-board alarms Alarm Identifier Identifier of the Suppressed Alarm R_LOS, R_LOF, R_LOC, MW_FEC_UNCOR, MW_RDI, and MW_LIM R_LOF, J0_MM, B1_EXC, B1_SD, MS_AIS, MS_RDI, B2_EXC, B2_SD, MS_REI, AU_AIS, AU_LOP, HP_TIM, HP_UNEQ, HP_SLM, HP_RDI, B3_EXC, B3_SD, HP_LOM, HP_REI, MW_RDI, and MW_LIM J0_MM, B1_EXC, B1_SD, MS_AIS, MS_RDI, B2_EXC, B2_SD, MS_REI, AU_AIS, AU_LOP, HP_TIM, HP_UNEQ, HP_SLM, HP_RDI, B3_EXC, B3_SD, HP_LOM, HP_REI, MW_RDI, and MW_LIM B2_SD, MS_REI, MS_RDI, AU_AIS, AU_LOP, HP_TIM, HP_UNEQ, HP_SLM, HP_RDI, B3_EXC, B3_SD, HP_LOM, and HP_REI MS_REI B3_EXC, B3_SD, HP_TIM, HP_SLM, HP_UNEQ, HP_RDI, HP_LOM, and HP_REI HP_TIM and HP_RDI HP_SLM, HP_LOM, B3_EXC, and B3_SD HP_LOM HP_REI

R_LOS and R_LOC

R_LOF

MS_AIS

MS_RDI AU_AIS and AU_LOP

HP_UNEQ HP_TIMa HP_TIMa HP_RDI

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G Alarm Suppression Relationship

OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide

Alarm Identifier LP_UNEQ LP_TIM B1_EXC B2_EXC B3_EXC TU_AIS

Identifier of the Suppressed Alarm LP_TIM, LP_RDI, and LP_SLM LP_RDI B1_SD B2_SD B3_SD P_AIS, LP_TIM, LP_SIZE_ERR, LP_UNEQ, LP_RDI, LP_REI, LP_RFI, LP_R_FIFO, BIP_EXC, BIP_SD, LP_SLM, B3_EXC, B3_SD, and C2_VCAIS TU_AIS, LP_TIM, LP_SIZE_ERR, LP_UNEQ, LP_RDI, LP_REI, LP_RFI, LP_R_FIFO, BIP_EXC, BIP_SD, LP_SLM, B3_EXC, B3_SD, and C2_VCAIS E1_LOS and UP_E1_AIS UP_E1_AIS BIP_SD A_LOC and P_AIS LP_SLM

TU_LOP

T_ALOS E1_LOS BIP_EXC P_LOS C2_VCAIS

NOTE

a: The alarm suppression relationship is valid only when the AIS insertion function is enabled.

Table G-2 Suppression relationship between inter-board alarms Alarm Identifier R_LOS, R_LOC, MS_AIS, AU_AIS, and AU_LOP MW_LOF and MW_LIM Identifier of the Suppressed Alarm TU_AIS TU_AIS

G-2

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H Glossary

H
Terms are listed in an alphabetical order. H.1 0-9 H.2 A-E H.3 F-J H.4 K-O H.5 P-T H.6 U-Z

Glossary

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H-1

H Glossary

OptiX RTN 620 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide

H.1 0-9
1+1 protection An architecture that has one normal traffic signal, one working SNC/trail, one protection SNC/trail and a permanent bridge. At the source end, the normal traffic signal is permanently bridged to both the working and protection SNC/trail. At the sink end, the normal traffic signal is selected from the better of the two SNCs/trails. Due to the permanent bridging, the 1+1 architecture does not allow an extra unprotected traffic signal to be provided. The standard electronics industries association (EIA) rack unit (44 mm/1.75 in.) 802.1Q in 802.1Q (QinQ) is a VLAN feature that allows the equipment to add a VLAN tag to a tagged frame.The implementation of QinQ is to add a public VLAN