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# Vissuta Paopao JIWARIYAVEJ Hori Laboratory, The University of Tokyo

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Wireless Power Transfer Proposed System Basic Theories Research Directions

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 Main problem of EVs: Energy storage medium Solution: Wireless Power Transfer  Charging at Car Parks Effortless Charging Process = Charging more often: → Smaller Battery/Capacitor Size Charging Lanes? → Extended range Charging at traffic lights? 3 .

 Main problem of EVs: Energy storage medium Solution: Wireless Power Transfer  Effortless Charging Process = Charging more often: → Smaller Battery/Capacitor Size → Extended range 4 .

 Main types of Wireless Power Transfer Electromagnetic Induction Microwave Power Magnetic Transfer Resonance Coupling Very High (~km) Low Mid Range (10cm ~ 2m) High Low (few cm) High Range Efficiency Wii Controller Charger SPS 5 .

What is Magnetic Resonant Coupling? Wireless Transmission of energy via magnetic coupling in between two resonating antennas Characteristics： Non-Radiative High Efficiency Mid-range Resistant to positional shifts and obstacles Experimentally transmitted 100W through 20cm at 90% efficiency (can extend to 1m in theory) Possible Application： Charging Electric Vehicles (EVs) Wireless Power Transfer via Magnetic Resonant Coupling ▪Safe－No danger of electrocution ▪Convenient－No need to plug the cord into the socket ▪Easily Achieved－Mid-Range. Resistant to positional shifts 6 .

University of Tokyo 2009 7 .20cm EVS 24 Norway 2009 60cm 20cm Showa Aircraft 2009 Hori Laboratory.

η11 = 𝑆11 × 100 % Eq.(6) The system can be analyzed and designed based on the Equivalent Circuit. (5) Power Transmission Ratio.Resonance Condition: 1 2 + 𝜔𝐿 𝑚 𝜔 𝐿−𝐿𝑚 −𝜔𝐶 1 =0 1 Eq. Electromagnetic Analysis Model 8 . (3) Eq. (2) Eq. η21 = 𝑆21 × 100[%] 𝑆21 (ω) = 2𝑗𝐿𝑚 𝑍0 ω 1 2 𝐿2 ω2 − ω𝐿−ω𝐶 +2𝑗𝑍0 ω𝐿−ω𝐶 +𝑍0 𝑚 1 Eq. (1) Eq. (4) Resonance Frequency: 𝜔 𝜔m = 0 = Equivalent Circuit of the system without matching circuit 1+𝑘 𝐿+𝐿𝑚 𝐶 𝜔0 1 𝜔e = 1−𝑘 = 𝐿−𝐿𝑚 𝐶 2 −ω2 𝐿𝑚 ω 𝑘 = 𝐿 = ω𝑒 +ω𝑚 2 2 𝑒 𝑚 Power Reflection Ratio.

the impedance of the system changes  resonance frequency changes Coupling coefficient k vs gap Efficiency vs frequency graph for gap = 100mm to 200mm 9 .As the gap changes.

56MHz±7kHz ⇒Extremely Narrow!! VS ISM Band Industrial Scientific Medical (ISM) Band 10 . Main Issues in Magnetic Resonance Coupling:  Resonance Frequency vs ISM band  Efficiency at Variable Position & Load  Power Source  Safety 13.

 Main Issues in Magnetic Resonance Coupling:  Resonance Frequency vs ISM band  Efficiency at Variable Position & Load  Power Source  Safety  Research Direction Antenna Design System Control     Power Electronics     kHz ~ MHz ~ GHz Antennas Asymmetrical Antennas Multiple Receiver Analysis Repeater Antennas Impedance Matching System  Efficient Power Source Frequency Matching System  Analysis with Power Parameter Estimation Electronics Theories Battery/Capacitor Charging system 11 .

Wide ISM Band . No efficient power source Power source exists.56 MHz 122kHz MHz: kHz: Smaller sized antennas. Narrow ISM Band.All Antennas must have: Identical Self Resonance Frequency ● High Q value = Low Ohmic Loss and Low Radiation ● GHz 13. Larger antennas 12 .

The Antennas may be asymmetrical as long as their self resonance frequency is similar 13 .

 Other Topics  Repeater Antennas  Multiple receiving antennas 14 .

15 .Displacement g a p   kHz (Wide ISM Band) :  Frequency Matching System MHz (Narrow ISM Band):  Impedance Matching System ISM Band A System to maintain maximum efficiency when positional shifts occurs is needed.

  kHz (Wide ISM Band) :  Frequency Matching System MHz (Narrow ISM Band):  Impedance Matching System Experimental Results Maximum Efficiency can be maintained even when positional shifts occur by shifting the frequency of the power source to the resonance frequency 16 .

  kHz (Wide ISM Band) :  Frequency Matching System MHz (Narrow ISM Band):  Impedance Matching System Before Impedance Matching After Impedance Matching 17 .

  kHz (Wide ISM Band) :  Frequency Matching System MHz (Narrow ISM Band):  Impedance Matching System Maximum efficiency can also be achieved by matching the resonance frequency to the power source frequency (13.56 MHz) using an Impedance Matching Circuit Efficiency Increased Not Resonating Resonating Before Impedance Matching After Impedance Matching 18 .

No coaxial cable Input Impedance = 0Ω Length of Antenna << Wavelength 19 . I only!!  Using self resonance frequency only to transmit energy This system may also be used without any control if we can create a system that does not create a reflected wave. Analysis with Power Electronics  Analysis without using S-Parameters ▪ Using V.

 EV charging system  System Design  EDLC/Battery Charging circuit  Power transfer antennas as a position sensor to assist in parking EDLC Charging Circuit EDLC DC/DC Control Rectifier From receiving antenna 20 .

56MHz Final Target : Wireless Charging System for EV Interesting Advanced Challenging 21 .   Safety Issue : Effects on Human Body Antennas for high power (kW) situations Developing an efficient power source for 13.

Thank you for your kind attention 22 .