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Some basic photography terms

Subject Foreground Background Landscape Portrait = = = = = The person, scene, object or action you are photographing; also known as the center of interest The front part of the photo, usually where the subject is located The part of the photograph behind the subject (1) A picture of a rural place photographed from a distance (2) A sideways photograph, taken with the camera held normally (1) A picture of a person or people, sometimes only from the chest up (2) An upright photo, taken with the camera turned sideways The amount of sunlight or artificial light available for a photo taken without flash A portrait in which the subject is not posing for the camera A lens (or a function on a digital camera) that lets you zoom in extremely closely

Available light = Candid Macro = =

How to recognize Kodak moments


Keep the following factors in mind, and you will be seeing photo opportunities everywhere!

1. Lighting. Be aware of good available-light situations. Soft morning and sunset light
provides the most pleasing colors for photographs. Sunny afternoons usually reveal harsh shadows on subjects; better to wait for cloud cover.

2. Depth. Capture the world in all its three-dimensional glory! One effective way is to frame
your subject with a border in the foreground, such as a doorway or flowers. Shadows can also emphasize three-dimensionality, though you should avoid them in portraits.

3. Distance. Most of us take photographs from a distance, but dont be afraid to zoom in
close to make an unusual picture. Use the macro lens or macro function if you have it.

4. Movement. Capture your subject moving, and let the resulting candid, slightly blurry shot
evoke the action of the moment. If your subject is moving from left to right, give it a lot of room on the right side; and vice versa for subjects moving toward the left. If it is moving up, take a portrait shot with a lot of room at the top; and vice versa for falling subjects.

5. Unusual angles. Get a birds-eye view, a worms-eye view, or a self-portrait view with
the camera turned toward yourself and a group of closely huddled friends. To emphasize the height of your subject, try placing your camera on the ground. Be imaginative!

6. Flash for portraits. Particularly on sunny afternoons, when people tend to squint
anywhere from slightly to extremely, do use the flash to flatter your portrait subjects.

7. Humor. Everybody loves a funny picture! Keep an eye out for visual puns and photos
that will bring a chuckle to appreciative viewers.