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w, t , η R , η S

( PE to include all allowances) (Thrust identify assumed) ( PB de-rated to Continuous service rating)

PB , n

(d) Propeller type, number of blades

**PA (101.327 kn / m 2 ), pV (1.724 kn / m 2 ), ρ (1025kg / m 3 )
**

Immersion of propeller axis h. OPTIMUM DIAMETER AND PITCH RATIO

DESIGN : PD = PB .η S KQ J5 =

V A = (1 − w)V

5 5

n D 2 5 ρ n D VA5

Qopen

=

PD .η R 2π n ρ n2 D5

n5 D 5 n 2 PD η R = 5 5 VA 2πρ VA

For two or more values of AE / AO , carry out the calculations indicated in the following table: V

VA

KQ / J 5

(K

Q

/J5

)

1/ 4

J

ηO

PD ηO η R η H

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Columns 5 and 6 are obtained from the “optimum efficiency” line in the design chart. Plot the PE − V curve and PD ηO η R η H − V curves:

PE

PD n O n H n R

PE

PO nO n H n R

for [AE / AO ] 1 for [AE / AO ]2

V

Determine the speeds for each AE / AO at which PE = PD η O η R η H , and by interpolation or by adding another row for the speed determined from the plot, find J and ηO , and the corresponding values of P / D from the design chart.

D =

(1 − w) V VA = Jn Jn

Thus the optimum D and P / D and the corresponding speed for each AE / AO is determined. 3. BLADE AREA

**For the different values of AE / AO carry out the calculations in the following table: Initial AE / AO
**

D

P/ D

From earlier calculations

ηO

VA

V 2 0 .7 R

V 2 0.7 R = V A2 + (0.7π n D) 2

0.5 ρ V 2 0.7 R

σ 0.7 R =

PA − pV + ρ gh 2 0.5 ρ V0.7 R

Burrill’s chart

τ C from chart

T

T =

PD η O η R η H VA

T 1 ⋅ 2 0 . 5 ρ V 0.7 R τ C

AP

Required AE / AO

AP =

Required AE / AO

= 1 P ⎞ π D2 ⎛ ⎜1.067 − 0.229 ⎟ D⎠ 4 ⎝ AP

Plot D, P / D, η0 , VA and requested AE / AO to a base initial AE / AO and determine all the quantities for Required

AE A = Initial E AO AO

D P/D

Reqd AE/AO ηO 450 Initial AE/AO VA

The propeller is designed: Optimum D, P / D Required AE / AO Speed attained V = V A /(1 − w) have been determined. 4. BLADE STRENGTH CALCULATIONS

Check for blade strength using classification society rules. Also determine shaft diameter etc. 5. PERFORMANCE ESTIMATION

By interpolation between the different standard AE / AO values determine for the design AE / AO and P / D the values of KT / J 2 and ηO for different values of J : 2π K QηO 1 K KT = ⋅ 2 = 2π ηO J 2 Q 2 J J J J5 This involves filling up the following tables for each AE / AO For AE / AO = …… and

P / D = ……

Comments

J

⎡K Q ⎤ ⎢ J5⎥ ⎣ ⎦

14

→ → → → From the design charts at the given P / D Using the formula above. It is advisable to fair the

ηO

KT / J 2

ηO and KT / J 2

After interpolation, plot J and ηO as a function of K r / J 2 (it may be necessary to multiply K T / J 2 by 10 to get convenient numbers).

nO nO

J

J

KT / J 2

PE R KT PE T n2 D2 V = = 1− t 2 = = 2 2 4 2 2 2 2 2 J ρ n D VA ρ D (1 − t )(1 − w) V ρ D (1 − t )(1 − w) 2 V 3 ρ D 2V A Carry out the calculations in the following table:

V

PE

KT / J 2

J

ηO

n

PB

Col. 1,2 3 4,5 6

**Notes From input data From formula above From plot above
**

n=

(1 − w)V

JD

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

7

PB =

PE

ηO η R η H η S

, ηH =

1− t 1− w

Plot the results in the form of PB and V to a base of n . On this superpose the engine PB − n curve (assuming PB ∝ n ).

PB =

ηO η R η H η S

PE

V PB = k n (engine curve) V

PB

Empirical Estimation for wake fraction (ω ) thrust deduction fraction (t).

Taylor’s

ω = 0.5C B − 0.05

= 0.55 C B -0.2 for single-screw ships for twin-screw ships.

Schoenherr’s

t = kω k = 0.5 to 0.7

for single screw ships for streamlined rudder. for single plated rudder. for twin screw ships with bossing for twin screw ships with struts

= 0.9 to 1.05

t = 0.25ω + 0.14 = 0.7 ω + 0.06

- fixed pitch
- Using KT and KQ for Design
- PROPELLER DESIGN
- Propellers
- Propeller
- PropellerDesignBrochure
- Propeller Geometry)
- Propeller.cal
- Propeller Design Manual
- Estimation of Power Characteristics of a Semi Planing Ship
- Wageningen_teoria_Mj_14_09_2007
- Propeller Design Calculation
- Hydrodynamic of High Speed Vessels - Lectures
- Ship_Propeller
- propeller design
- Basic Ship Propulsion Ghose and Gokarn
- ship
- Anthony F Molland_ Stephen R Turnock_ Dominic a Hudson-Ship Resistance and Propulsion _ Practical Estimation of Ship Propulsive Power-Cambridge University Press (2011)
- Ship Resistance and Propulsion
- Chapter Vi Resistance Prediction
- Harvald, Resistance and Propulsion of Ships
- Ship Resistance calculation for a fishing vessel
- Planing Craft
- Propeller Design Drawing PARTB

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