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Chemistry 110

Name

_______________________

Final Exam Form A

Section

_______________________

December 17, 2008

Signature

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IMPORTANT: On the scantron (answer sheet), you MUST clearly fill your name, your
student number, section number, and test form (white cover = test form A; yellow
cover = test form B). Use a #2 pencil.

There are 40 questions on this exam. Check that you have done all of the problems and
filled in the first 40 bubbles on the scantron. The maximum score on this exam is 40
points. Your score will be reported in percents (max 100%).
Exam policy

This cover sheet must be signed and handed in with your answer sheet for your
exam to count.
Calculators with text-programmable memory are not allowed.
Relevant data and formulas, including the periodic table, are attached at the end of
this exam.
Your grade will be based only on what is on the scantron form.
The answer key will be posted on the web after the exam (under "Exam
Schedule").

Hints

As you read the question, underline or circle key words to highlight them for
yourself. Avoid errors from "mis-reading" the question.
Pay attention to units and magnitudes (decimal places) of numbers obtained from
calculations.
There is no penalty for guessing.

CHEMISTRY 110 FINAL EXAM


Dec. 17, 2008
FORM A
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. Below are the wavelengths of light emitted from various sources. Which one emits
photons with the highest energy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Ar laser
Hg emission
Na vapor lights
distant star
Mg vapor

489 nm
436 nm
589.6 nm
1350 nm
285.2 nm

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2. Which one of the following ions has the electron configuration [Ar] 3d7?
Ni2+
Co2+
Cr2+
Fe2+
Ca2+

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3. In which subshell is an electron with the following quantum numbers found?
n = 2, l = 1, ml = 0, ms =
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

1s
2p
3s
2s
2d

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4. Which of these substances does not have hydrogen bonding as one of its
intermolecular forces?
A.

CH3CH2NH2

B.

CH3CH2OH

C.

D.

CH3C

CH3C

OH

E. They all have hydrogen bonding as an intermolecular force.


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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5. Ozone, the principal gas that diminishes harmful radiation from reaching the earths
surface, has the molecular formula O3. What is the molecular geometry of ozone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

tetrahedral
trigonal planar
bent
linear
T-shaped

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6. Acetylene has the molecular formula C2H2. What is the hybridization of the carbon
atoms and how many bonds are present in the molecule?

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Hybridization
sp2
sp
sp
sp2
sp3

bonds
2
1
2
3
4

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7. How much heat is required to convert an 8.75 kg iceberg at 15.0C to liquid water at
75.0C?
Cice = 2.09 J/g K
Hfusion = 6.03 kJ/mol
Cwater = 4.184 J/g K
Hvaporization = 40.65 kJ/mol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

7338 kJ
1859 kJ
728 kJ
2090 kJ
5951 kJ

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Compressed natural gas (methane) is used as an alternative fuel to gasoline. If a 20.0L
cylinder of compressed natural gas at 197 atm is opened to the atmosphere (at 1.12 atm),
what volume of gas is released? Assume that the temperature remains constant at 25C.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

2.12 102 L
1.11 101 L
4.41 102 L
3.52 103 L
6.78 102 L

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9. What is the correct equilibrium-constant expression for the reaction below?
(NH4)2Se (s)

2NH3 (g) + H2Se (g)

A. K eq = [NH 3 ]2 [H 2Se]
B. K eq =

[NH 3 ][H 2Se]


[(NH 4 )2Se]

C. K eq =

[(NH 4 )2Se]
[NH 3 ]2 [H 2Se]

D. K eq =

1
[(NH 4 )2Se]

[NH 3 ]2 [H 2Se]
E. K eq =
[(NH 4 )2Se]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10. At 2000C, the equilibrium constant for the reaction
N2 (g) + O2 (g)

2 NO (g)

is Keq = 4.10 104. At equilibrium, ___________.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the products dominate.


the concentration of reactants is greater than product concentration.
approximately equal molar amounts of reactants and products are present.
only products exist.
only reactants exist.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------11. For which of the following reactions would the equilibrium concentrations NOT be
affected by a change in the pressure caused by a change in volume?
A.

PCl3 (g) + Cl2 (g)

PCl5 (g)

B.

2 NO2 (g)

C.

N2 (g) + 3 H2 (g)

D.

CO (g) + H2O (g)

E.

CO (g) + O2 (g)

N2 (g) + 2 O2 (g)
2 NH3 (g)
CO2 (g) + H2 (g)
CO2 (g)

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12. Acetic acid is a weak acid that dissociates into the acetate ion and a proton in
aqueous solution:
CH3COOH (aq)

CH3COO (aq) + H+ (aq)

At equilibrium at 25C, a 0.100 M solution of acetic acid has the following


concentrations:
[CH3COOH] = 0.0990 M
[CH3COO] = 1.33 103 M
[H+] = 1.33 103 M
What is the equilibrium constant for the ionization of acetic acid at 25C?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

5.71 104
0.100
1.75 107
1.79 105
5.71 106

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13. Rank the CO bond lengths in the following molecules, from longest to shortest:
CH3OH
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

CO2

CO32

CH3OH = CO2 > CO32


CH3OH > CO2 > CO32
CO32 = CH3OH > CO2
CH3OH > CO32 > CO2
CO32 > CO2 > CH3OH

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------14. An unknown ionic compound containing only O and another element has a melting
point greater than CaOs melting point. Which one of following elements is in the
compound?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Na
K
Mg
Sr
Rb

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15. What is the correct ranking of the labeled bond angles in order from smallest to
largest.

H II

H3C

III

CH2 O

CH3

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

I < II < III


III < II < I
I < III < II
II < III < I
I = II < III

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16. What is the mass % of nitrogen in the molecule shown below?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

41.2%
33.5%
30.4%
28.9%
26.9%

O
N

N
O

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------17. A 1.367 g sample of an organic compound was combusted in a stream of air to yield
3.002 g CO2 and 1.640 g H2O. If the original compound contained only C, H and O,
what is its empirical formula?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

C3H8O
C2H6O
C2H4O
CH2O
C3H6O2

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18. What is the mass of 3.2 1020 water molecules?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

5.3 104 g
3.2 103 g
3.2 1020 g
9.6 103 g
5.8 1021 g

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19. Which of the molecules below are polar?


I
II
III
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

TeF4
CH4
XeI4

I only
II only
III only
I and III
I, II, and III

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20. Distillation is a method by which ocean water is converted to drinking water by


selective vaporization of the solvent. A 2.5 L sample of ocean water containing 0.48
M NaCl is reduced to 0.5 L after evaporating 2.0 L of pure water from the solution.
What is the concentration of NaCl in the remaining brine water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

3.8 M
1.3 M
2.4 M
0.075 M
0.57 M

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21. Rank the following three compounds in terms of increasing solubility in


cyclohexane, which is shown to the right.
C5H12
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

KCl

C2H5OH

C2H5OH < C5H12 < KCl


C5H12 < C2H5OH < KCl
KCl < C5H12 < C2H5OH
KCl < C2H5OH < C5H12
C2H5OH < KCl < C5H12

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The following gases are in a single bulb at constant temperature and pressure. Use
the following information to answer the next two questions.
Ptotal = 735 torr; Vtotal = 2.75 L; T = 320 K
Xi
Pi
H2
0.070
???
CO
???
254 torr
Xe
0.030
22 torr
N2
0.100
???
Cl2
???
???
-----------------------------------------------------------------------22. Which of the gases has the greatest average root mean squared speed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Xe
H2
Cl2
CO
N2

-----------------------------------------------------------------------23. What is the mole fraction of Cl2 gas in the flask?


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

0.200
0.346
0.564
0.454
0.800

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------24. What is the longest wavelength that is able to break a single CCl bond in a
chlorofluorocarbon that has a bond energy of 177 kJ/mol?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

80.3 nm
144 nm
453 nm
567 nm
676 nm

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25. The complete combustion of ethanol is described by the following reaction:


C2H5OH (l) + 3 O2 (g) 2 CO2 (g) + 3 H2O (l)

Hrxn = 1366.7 kJ

Calculate the heat released by the combustion of 1.00 g of ethanol.


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

7.10 kJ
29.7 kJ
42.7 kJ
137 kJ
1366.7 kJ

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------26. Calculate the heat of formation, Hf, of C6H12O6 (s) from the following data.
C6H12O6 (s) + 6 O2 (g) 6 CO2 (g) + 6 H2O (l)

Hrxn = 2803 kJ

Hf of CO2 (g) = 393.5 kJ/mol


Hf of H2O (l) = 285.8 kJ/mol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

659.0 kJ/mol
985.4 kJ/mol
1273 kJ/mol
2803 kJ/mol
There is not enough information to solve this problem.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------27. Calculate H for the reaction,


2 CO (g) + O2 (g) 2 CO2 (g)

Hrxn = ________

given the following chemical equations and their respective enthalpy changes:

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

(1)

C (s) + O2 (g) CO2 (g)

H1 = 393.5 kJ

(2)

2 C (s) + O2 (g) 2 CO (g)

H2 = 221.0 kJ

110.5 kJ
221.0 kJ
435.0 kJ
566.0 kJ
1010.0 kJ

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------28. A typical car holds 60 L of octane (C8H18, density = 0.64 kg/L). If this entire amount of
fuel is completely combusted in air, what volume of CO2 is produced at 25C and 1 atm?
A. 1.3 104 L
B. 6.6 104 L
C. 8.5 103 L
D. 4.2 104 L
E. 8.2 102 L
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------29. Which atom is being oxidized in the unbalanced reaction shown below?
SeO32 (aq) + I (aq) + H+ (aq) Se (s) + I2 (aq) + H2O (l)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Se in SeO32
I in I
H in H+
O in SeO32
None of these. This is not an oxidation reduction reaction.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30. The reaction below is used to produce methanol:


CO (g) + 2 H2 (g) CH3OH (l)

Hrxn = 128 kJ

Calculate the CH bond energy, given the following data:


Bond
CO
HH
C=O
CO
OH
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

D (kJ/mol)
1072
436
614
358
463

417 kJ/mol
374 kJ/mol
687 kJ/mol
272 kJ/mol
264 kJ/mol

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31. What spectator ions are present when aqueous ammonium phosphate reacts with
aqueous calcium nitrate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

PO43 only
NH4+ and NO3
Ca2+ and PO43
Ca2+ and NH4+
Ca2+, NH4+ and NO3

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------32. When an excited electron in the n = 6 shell of a hydrogen atom decays to the n = 5
shell, a photon is emitted. What is the energy change for this electronic transition?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

2.18 1019 J
1.96 1020 J
3.56 1019 J
2.66 1020 J
1.96 1020 J

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------33. For the following ions, which of the statements below is true?
Br
I.
II.
III.
IV.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Se2

Rb+

As3

all of these are isoelectronic


Rb+ has the smallest diameter
As3 has the largest effective nuclear charge
all of these have the same number of protons

I and II only
II and III only
I and IV only
I, II and III only
I, II, III, and IV

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------34. A closed vessel at 400 K is charged with 1.00 atm of Br2 (g), 1.00 atm of Cl2 (g), and
2.00 atm of BrCl (g). Which of the following statements is true?
Br2 (g) + Cl2 (g)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

2BrCl (g)

Kp = 7.0

The equilibrium partial pressures of Br2, Cl2, and BrCl will be the same as
the initial values.
The equilibrium partial pressure of Br2 will be greater than 1.00 atm.
At equilibrium, the total pressure in the vessel will be less than the initial
total pressure.
The equilibrium partial pressure of BrCl (g) will be greater than 2.00 atm.
The reaction will go to completion because there are equal amounts of Br2
and Cl2.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35. At elevated temperatures, molecular hydrogen and molecular bromine react to


partially form hydrogen bromide:
H2 (g) + Br2 (g)

2HBr (g)

Kc = 0.293

If 162 g of HBr is placed in a 2.00 L reaction vessel, what is the [Br2] at equilibrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

2.54 M
0.269 M
0.394M
0.541 M
0.459 M

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------36. 25.0 mg of insulin (a nonelectrolyte) was dissolved in 25.0 mL of solution. The


osmotic pressure of this solution was then measured at 25C and found to be 3.20
torr. What is the molecular weight of insulin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

4.5 102 g/mol


8.7 102 g/mol
3.9 103 g/mol
5.8 103 g/mol
5.7 105 g/mol

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------37. One mole of NH3 (g) and 1 mole of O2 (g) react in a vessel. Which one of the
following statements is true?
4 NH3 (g) + 5 O2 (g) 4 NO (g) + 6 H2O (g)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

1 mole of O2 (g) remains in the vessel.


1 mole of NO (g) is formed.
All of the NH3 (g) is consumed.
1.2 moles of H2O (g) forms
The total moles of gases in the vessel after the reaction is complete is 2
moles.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------38. If 75.0 mL of 0.084 M HCl is titrated with 32.2 mL of 0.55 M NaOH, what is the
concentration of NaCl in the resulting solution?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

0.13 M
0.038 M
0.012 M
0.059 M
0.089 M

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------39. When 2.50 g of NaCl in aqueous solution are reacted with an excess of aqueous
AgNO3, a precipitate forms. A student performs this reaction, filters and dries the
precipitate, then determines the mass of precipitate recovered to be 2.01 g. What is
the percent yield for the reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

32.5%
40.8%
60.8%
65.4%
80.4%

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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40. 200 mL of 1 M HCl (aq) is combined with 200 mL of 1 M NaOH (aq) resulting in a
temperature increase of 6.50C in the final solution. What is the enthalpy change for
the following reaction per mole of H2O?
NaOH (aq) + HCl (aq) NaCl (aq) + H2O (l)

Hrxn = _______

Assume that the specific heat and density of the final solution are 4.18 J/g-C and
1.00 g/mL, respectively.
A. 11.0 kJ
B. 16.3 kJ
C. 27.2 kJ
D. 43.5 kJ
E. 54.3 kJ
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End of Exam