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MAT2691 SOLUTIONS ASSIGNMENT 2

Question 1
( )( )
( )
2
2
2
1.1 Let = arctan and 1
1
then and
1
arctan arctan
1
1
arctan 1
2
u x dv
du v x
x
x
xdx x x dx
x
x x n x C
=
= =
+
=
+
= + +

l
(6)
1.2
2
9
3
y x
y x
=
=


3
0
3
0
3
3
2
0
3
2
1
Mean Value 3
3 0
3
3
2
3
2
3 0
3
2 3
x dx
x dx
x
=

=

=


| |
=
|
\ .
=

(4)
1.3
2
4
4
y x
y x
=
=


( ) ( )
[ ]
8
2
4
8
2
4
1
R.M.S. 4
8 4
1
4
4 2
1
32 32 8 16
4
2
. . . 2 1, 414
x dx
x
x
R M S
=


=


= +
=
= =

(5)
[15]
Question 2
Sketch the curves
2
2 y x x = and
3 y x = .
2.1 the co-ordinates of the points of
intersection of the two curves.

2
2 3
( 5) 0
0 or 5
0 15
x x x
x x
x x
y y
=
=
= =
= =

2.2 the area enclosed by the two curves.

( ) ( )
( )
5
2
0
5
2
0
5
3 2
0
2
2
Area 3 2
5
5
3 2
125 125
3 2
125
units
6
20,83 units
x x x dx
x x dx
x x

=
= +

= +

= +
=
=

2.3 the volume of the solid produced if the
area is rotated around the y axis.
Refer page 322:
The volume of a solid generated by revolving
the area between the graph of ( ) f x and the
graph of ( ) g x from x a = to x b = , where a
and b are both on the same side of the y -
axis, around the y -axis is, given by:


( ) ( ) 2
b
a
V x f x g x dx =


MAT2691 SOLUTIONS ASSIGNMENT 2
( ) ( )
( )
( )
5
2
0
5
2 3
0
5
3 4
0
2
2
2
2
2 3 2
2 5
5
2
3 4
625 625
2
3 4
1250
units
12
104,1 units
327 units
b
a
Volume x f x g x dx
x x x x dx
x x dx
x x
=


=


=


=



=


=
=
=

(5)

[13]
Question 3
Determine the Maclaurin expansion of
( )
1
x
n e + l up to the term including
2
x ..

( )
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
2
2 2
2 3
2
2
1 0 1 1 2
1 1
0
1 1 2
1
1
1
1 1
0
4
1 1
1
0 0 . . 0 . 0
2! 3!
1 1
1 2
2 4 2!
1
2
2 8
x
x
x
x x x x
x
x
x
x
f x n e f n n
e
f x f
e
e e e e
f x
e
e
f
e
x x
f x f f x f f
x
n e n x
x
n x
= + = + =
= = =
+
+
+
=
+
= = =
+
+
= + + + +
| |
+ = + + +
|
\ .
= + + +
l l l
K
l l K
l K
Maclaurin:
[6]

Question 4
Calculate the area bound by the curves
3
, 0 and 2, y x x x = = = by using the
trapezoidal rule with n = 4.
Solution:
2 0 1
4 thus the interval width =
4 2
Thus:
b a
n
n

= = =

( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
3
0 0
3
1 1
3
2 2
3
3 3
3
4 4
0 0 0
1 1 1
2 2 8
1 1 1
3 3 27
2 2 8
2 2 8
x f x
x f x
x f x
x f x
x f x
= = =
| |
= = =
|
\ .
= = =
| |
= = =
|
\ .
= = =

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
2
3
0
0 1 1
2
3
0
1
2 2
2
1 1 1 27
0 2 2 1 2 8
2 2 8 8
1 2 54
0 2 8
4 8 8
4.25
n n
x dx
b a
f x f x f x f x
n
x dx


= + + + +



| | | |
= + + + +
| |
\ . \ .


= + + + +

K
Total area =
[5]

MAT2691 SOLUTIONS ASSIGNMENT 2

Question 5
2 2 3
2 3
3 2 7
1 2 2 3
Matrix equation: 2 1 1 3
3 2 1 7
x y z
x y z
x y z
x
y
z
+ =
+ =
+ =



=




1 2 2
2 1 1 3
3 2 1

= =


1 5 7
Co-factor matrix 2 7 8
0 3 3
1 2 0
Adjoint 5 7 3
7 8 3
1 2 0
1
Inverse 5 7 3
3
7 8 3
1 2 0 3
1
Thus 5 7 3 3
3
7 8 3 7
9
1
15
3
24
x
y
z
x
y
z



=






=






=






=


3
5
8


=



(10)
[10]

MAT2691 SOLUTIONS ASSIGNMENT 2

Question 6
You have grouped data. Do not use methods for ungrouped data.
Class x
i
f
i i
x f Cummulative f
0 5 2,5 6 15 6
6 - 11 8,5 10 85 16
12 - 17 14,5 25 362,5 41
18 - 23 20,5 35 717,5 76
24 - 29 26,5 20 530 96
30 35 32,5 13 422,5 103
109 2132,5

5.1 The mean
2132, 5
19, 56
109
= = (3)
5.2 The median ( )
( ) 54, 5 41
18 5
35
19,17

= +
=
(5)
(Refer page 463)
Students did not have a similar example, so we will accept the above as correct.
Students can also reason that the classes must be as follows, taking the midpoint between the
intervals as the actual class boundary.
Question 6
Class x
i
f
i i
x f Cummulative f
-0,5 5,5 2,5 6 15 6
5,5 11,5 8,5 10 85 16
11,5 17,7 14,5 25 362,5 41
17,5 23,5 20,5 35 717,5 76
23,5 29,5 26,5 20 530 96
39,5 35,5 32,5 13 422,5 103
109 2132,5
The median ( )
( ) 54, 5 41
17, 5 6
35
19, 81

= +
=

5.3 The range 35 0 35 = = (2)
[10]
50 marks = 100%