Lamentation for Tyre

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The biblical text Lamentation for Tyre1 exactly describes what has been important those days in antiquity. The list also includes the state of the art, including materials, soldiers, payments and special quality descriptions. In my study to identify the religious symbolism 2 I especially searched for the color specifications. The only colors which (in analogy to e.g. Exodus 25:4 and 2 Chronicles 3:14) had been specified in Lamentation for Tyre are white, Blue, Purple and Red. The colors however will not be found in a number of medieval Dutch and German Bibles, which erroneously specify “Yellow” instead of “Blue”3. The relevant specifications with marked color-specifications in the Lamentation for Tyre are: • • • Fir trees from Senir for planks, inlaid with ivory by the Ashurites, cedars from Lebanon for the masts, oaks from Bashan for the oars. Fine embroidered linen (→ Byssos) from Egypt and blue and purple4 covers from the coasts of Elishah. Oarsmen from Sidon and Arvad, pilots from Tyre, specialists from Gebal to caulk the seams and all the merchant ships of the sea. Men of war from Persia, Lydia and Libya, and the men of Arvad and Gammad as watchmen. Silver, iron, tin, and lead as payments from Tarshish, human lives and vessels of bronze from Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, ivory tusks and ebony, emeralds, purple5, embroidery, fine linen, corals, and rubies from Syria, wheat of Minnith, millet, honey, oil, and balm from Judah and Israel, wine of Helbon and with white wool from Damascus, wrought iron, cassia, and cane, saddlecloths for riding from Dedan, lambs, rams, and goats from Arabia and Kedar. Choicest spices, all kinds of precious stones, and gold, blue purple6 clothes, embroidered garments, in chests of multicolored apparel, in sturdy woven cords from Sheba, Assyria, and Chilmad.

The specification “blue” in Hesekiel 27:24 is missing in some translations. The German-translation for Hesekiel 27:7 also specifies the color red in: • Byssus in Buntwirkerei aus Ägypten für Segel und Flagge, sowie blauer und roter Purpur7 von den Inseln Elischas für das Zeltdach. Karfunkel, roter Purpur8, Buntwirkerei, Byssus, Koralle und Rubinen aus Aram, Weizen von Minnith, süßes Backwerk, Honig, Öl und Balsam aus Juda und Israel, Wein von Chelbon und Wolle von Zachar, bearbeitetes Eisen aus Wedan und Jawan von Usal, Kassia und Würzrohr, Prachtdecken zum Reiten aus Dedan, Fettschafe, Widder und Böcken aus Arabien und Kedar.

and in Hesekiel 27:16: •

Hesekiel 27 therefore seems to specify exactly the same colors White, Purple, Red and Blue as they have been listed in the divine commands at Exodus 25:4 and 2 Chronicles 3:14.

1 2 3 4 5 6

Source: Ezekiel 27 See the overview in The Hermetic Codex II - Bipolar Monotheism Analysis of the Translation Errors in Exodus 25-4 Hesekiel 27:7 Hesekiel 27:16 Hesekiel 27:24 , 24 These were thy merchants in all sorts of things, in blue clothes, and broidered work - The King James Version > Ezekiel > 27 7 Hesekiel 27:7 8 Hesekiel 27:16

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