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Chapter 1

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

10

11

Chapter 2

13

2.1

14

2.2

14

2.3

18

2.4

44

2.5

45

2.6

46

2.7

48

50

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Chapter 3

53

3.1

54

3.2

55

3.3

56

3.4

74

3.5

78

82

Chapter 4

85

4.1

86

4.2

86

4.3

89

4.4

102

105

Chapter 5

107

5.1

108

5.2

109

5.3

110

5.4

115

5.5

118

5.6

122

5.7

128

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5.8

135

5.9

137

140

Chapter 6

143

6.1

144

6.2

144

6.3

149

6.4

161

6.5

164

166

Chapter 7

167

7.1

168

7.2

168

7.3

170

7.4

171

180

181

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Chapter

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

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Chapter 1

1.1

Ecological Engineering

1.2

Geosynthetics
PolymersPolyethylene
PEPolypropylene PPPolyamide
PA Polyester PET Polyvinyl
Alcohol PVA VinylonCarbon Fiber
Glass Fiber

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1.2

Reinforced Soil
GeotextilesGeofabrics
GeogridsWoven GeotextilesNon-Woven Geotextiles
Composite Geotextitles
1-1

http://www.arabianenviro.com
(a)

http://earthaidusa.com
(b)
1-1
3
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Chapter 1

1990
1995 Hun S. Kim
Interlocking Plates

Deltalok System12 1-2


Geotextiles GTX Bag

DeltaUnit 1-2
Deltalok Delta + Interlocking

Deltalok
Interlocking
Un

Deltalok GTX Bag

1-2Deltalok System 12

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1.2

1-3 Deltalok System


GTX PPPET
HDPE

Reinforced Soil

1-3Deltalok System 2

1-3
Ecology Bag Eco Bag
1-4

5
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Chapter 1

(a) (b)
1-4

Deltalok System2 2004


Intalok System3 Intalok
Interlock

1.3
Ecological
EngineeringSustainable Development
6

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1.3

1-5

Indigenous-TechHigh-TechCleanTechEco-Tech
Biodiversity

4
7
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Chapter 1

1-5
8

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1.3

1990

2005 11
24

9
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Chapter 1
DNA

200 280ppm
380ppm 1

1.4

10

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Stacking Construction Method

Long
Bag Construction Method

1. http://www.greendiary.com
2. http://www.deltalokusa.com
3. http://www.intalok.com.cn
4. "Ecological Design", Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan, 1996, Island Press.

11
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Chapter 1
5. 2011 1
ISBN 978-986-7194-05-3

12

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Chapter

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7

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Chapter 2

2.1
(1)
(2)

Plantable Vegetation

2.2

PP PET

1.
2.
3.
14

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2.2

4. PE PP PET
5.

1.

Settlement

2.

15
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Chapter 2
3.

4.

Carbon Black

5.
Mechanically
Stabilized Earth Wall, MSEWWrapped
AroundReinforced Soil Slope, RSS
2-1

16

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2.2

70 =

http://blog.roodo.com
(a)

70

http://ecotrends-international.com/
(b)

2-1

134 2-1
Slope Angle 70 70

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Chapter 2

2.3

ISO, International Organization for Standardization ASTM,


American Society for Testing and Materials European
Norm, EN BS, British Standards
DIN, Deutsches Institut fur Normung JIS, Japanese
Industrial StandardsCNS, Chinese National StandardsGBGB

CBRCalifornia Bearing Ra18

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2.3

tioAOSApparent Open Size


2.1

1. Physical Properties2. Mechanical


Properties3. Durability

2.1

PP PET

kN/m

30

ASTM D4595CNS 13300


ISO 10319CNS 13483

CBR
CBR

2500

ASTM D6241ISO12236

500hrs

90

ASTM G154ASTM G155


ASTM D4355ASTM
D5970CNS 9024

400

ASTM D4533CNS 13299


CNS 3559

AOS

mm

0.25

ASTM D4751CNS14262

0.2

ASTM D4491CNS13298
CNS 10460

12

ASTM D4884

-1

kN/m

1.

2.

19
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Chapter 2

2.3.1
1.
(1)
FiltrationDrainage

0.5mm20mils 1mm
1mm 3 5mm
1.1mm 1.2mm

ASTM D1777Standard Test Method for


Thickness of Textile Materials
ASTM D5199Standard Test Method for Measuring the
the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics
CNS 5610L3080 Method of Testing for
Nonwoven Fabrics
CNS 14260 A3374
Method of Test for Measuring
Nominal Thickness of Geotextiles and
Geomembranes
GB/T 17639

kg/m1tex = 10 6kg/m denier


-

1tex = 9deniers

20

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/ , .
-- . -- : , 2012.11
.-
ISBN 978-957-11-6894-4()
1. 2.
441.15

101021535

5G27

Structure Eco-bag Construction Method & Application






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