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Types of proposals: Informal & Formal Proposals

A. Informal Proposals Examples of Informal Proposals
1. Suggestion for a technical solution, innovation

or process improvement 2. Internal suggestion for a business idea 3. Project notes on ongoing projects Parts of an Informal Proposal • Heading:
Date: September 27, 2009 To: ICT Center Team Leader and Interns From: Arthur U. Ume Subject: Proposal to Develop a Web Presence

• Problem Statement Introduction/Background Methods or Investigation Timeline and Goals or Schedule Conclusions/Recommendations References

Informal Proposal Sample
Date: March 1, 2001 To: Center Team Leader and Interns From: Erin Roepcke


the companion whose technology intervention this project will focus have found that particularly in elementary grades. This project will explore: • • • Possible sources of this problem Indicators of this problem Attempts one company (PAXIS Institute) is making to mitigate this problem with technology Introduction/Background: In contemporary politics and policy. Bakkenes et al. This leads the writer to ask. Findings are mixed about the effectiveness of any of these plans. especially a program that calls for a change in teaching practices (Eisner. 1999). They spend their day in their classroom with their kids and except for a short lunch and maybe recess. (1999) supports this assessment. and so defend the time they have with their students or to prepare for their students against threats external forces. (1999) propose that isolation is a "situation that results from a teacher's defensive behavior--avoidance of work-related communication with colleagues. 2001). while others have difficulty? The conclusion that many researchers have come to.Subject: Proposal to Study Teacher Isolation and the Mitigating Role of Technology Problem Statement: The purpose of this proposal is to illustrate the need for a project to address the problem of isolation among public school educators. 1992). Most agree that it is related to teachers' communication patterns. but also the time outside class time. There is little consensus among researchers about a single cause of teacher isolation. act relatively 2 . what other variables are at work to make effectiveness as irregular as it appears to be? Why is it that some schools can implement any program. 1992. they have no time to spend sharing their experiences with their colleagues (Lauger. Bakkenes et al." They suggest isolated teachers place greater value on interactions with their students than those with their colleagues. is that teacher interaction and isolation plays a substantial role in the effectiveness of any program. Hope. An important factor in considering the collegial relationships of teachers is the orientation of the principal either to foster a communicative efficacious environment. such as work-related communication. PAXIS Institute. suggesting "teachers as professionals control their own classroom autonomously in the operating core. 1993. Politicians as well as private businesses and non-profit groups are all stepping up to be heard and have their plan implemented. teachers are limited not only in the time to spend with their classes. Ioro. or one of relative non-participation (Blase. education reform is demanding increased attention.

it will focus on ways that PAXIS Institute specifically might improve teacher integration and community building. Technology as a mitigating variable in teacher isolation. To examine the indicators of teacher isolation. 1999). which is professional communication and technology. this project will narrow its analysis of technology to the technology intervention that is part of the PAXIS Institute school intervention. The findings of this project will be applicable to any organization or individual planning a school-based program. This intervention takes the form of an online message board for teachers to air successes and concerns. 2001 Follow-up Research and interviews complete: April 1. this project will focus on published research such as that cited in the introduction of this proposal. To determine sources of teacher isolation.. this project will rely on both published research and the observations of educators and the PAXIS Institute staff who have been involved in the implementation of their school program as well as the accompanying technology. Methods: Research on this subject can be divided into three foci: • • • Sources of teacher isolation. Finally. and work closely with their students" (Bakkenes et al.independently of their colleagues. 2001 Final Report draft complete: April 4. This project will be completed according to the following schedule: Initial Research complete: March 23. Indicators of teacher isolation. Timeline and Goals: The result of this project will be suggestions to remedy the situation of teacher isolation to enable reform and other intervention programs the greatest potential for success in their implementation. This project will avoid unsubstantiated conjecture as to the causes of the problem of teacher isolation. As this research has been directed by the meager response PAXIS Institutes teacher message board has received. 2001 Final Presentation submitted: April 11. At this point 3 . 2001 Conclusions/Recommendations: The presentation of this project will occur in the form of an online Power Point demonstration of findings and their relation to the content focus of the Center.

will make recommendations. which will be submitted April 11. 610-628. J. Lauger. The demonstration. 19. as it replaces face-to-face interaction. This issue. Educational reform and the ecology of schooling. 2001. 4 . 29. E. J. 73.. (1993). Educational Administration Quarterly. de Brabander. Teacher isolation and communication network analysis in primary schools. Imants. 35. and it is an issue that the Center should consider when proposing technology solutions in communication. I. W. 142-163. teacher isolation. Clearing House. 54-57. Principals' orientation and the induction activities as factors in teacher retention. (1992). 93. March 7. Blase. Educational Administrative Quarterly. Ioro. J. References Bakkenes. 166-203. is directly related to a lack of interpersonal communication. as to way in which schools and organizations implementing reform and intervention programs can remedy the problem of teacher isolation.research indicates that technology in fact exacerbates this problem. Journal of Instructional Psychology. (1999). Hope. C. Personal Interview. Teachers College Record. The classroom as the center of inquiry. K. based on published research and professional observations. 2001. Eisnor. The micropolitics of effective school-based leadership: Teachers' perspectives.. (1999). (1992). 171-176.