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# EXCEL FUNCTIONS

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## COMPLETE LIST OF EXCEL FUNCTIONS

Name
ABS ACCRINT ACCRINTM ACOS ACOSH ADDRESS AMORDEGRC

Type
Maths Financial Financial Maths Maths Lookup & Ref Financial

Description
Returns the absolute value of a number Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity Returns in radians the arccosine of a number Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number Creates a cell address as text based on given row and column rumbers Returns the depreciation for each accounting period using the French accounting system

AMORLINC

Financial

Returns the depreciation for each accounting period using the French accounting system

## Logical Lookup & Ref Text

Returns TRUE if all its arguments are TRUE Returns the number of areas in a reference Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters Returns in radians the arcsine of a number Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number Returns in radians the arctangent of a number Returns in radians the arctangent from x and y coordinates Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of up to 30 numeric arguments Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of its arguments and includes evaluation of text and logical arguments Converts a number to Thai text and adds a suffix of "Baht" Returns the Bessel function evaluated for purely imaginary arguments

## Maths Maths Maths Maths Maths Statistical Statistical Statistical

BAHTTEXT BESSELI

Text Engineering

BESSELJ BESSELK BESSELY BETADIST BETAINV BIN2DEC BIN2HEX BIN2OCT BINOMDIST CALL

Engineering Engineering Engineering Statistical Statistical Engineering Engineering Engineering Statistical External

Returns the Bessel function represented by Jn(x) Returns the modified Bessel function represented by Kn(x) Returns the Bessel / Weber / Neumann function Yn(x) Returns the cumulative beta probability density function Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function Converts binary number to decimal Converts binary number to hexadecimal Converts binary number to octal Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource

CEILING

Maths

Rounds a number (away from zero) to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Returns information about the formatting , location or contents of the cell or upper left cell of the reference Returns the ANSI character set (Microsoft) or Macintosh character set (Macintosh) specified by the code number Returns the one-tailed probability of the chisquared distribution Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution Returns the value from the chi-squared (2) distribution for the statistic and the appropriate degrees of freedom Uses a specified index number to select one from up to 29 specified values Removes all nonprintable characters from text Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string Returns the column number of the cell or a specified reference Returns the number of columns in an array or reference Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects

CELL

Information

CHAR

Text

## CHOOSE CLEAN CODE COLUMN COLUMNS COMBIN

Lookup & Ref Text Text Lookup & Ref Lookup & Ref Maths

COMPLEX

Engineering

Converts real and imaginary coefficients into complex numbers of the form x + yi or x + yj depending upon suffix Joins several text items into one text item Returns the confidence interval for a population mean Converts a number from one measurement system to another Returns the correlation coefficient between two arrays of data Returns the cosine of a given angle given in radians Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number Counts the number of cells that contain numbers and also numbers within the list of arguments counts how many values are in the list of arguments Counts the number of non-empty cells and the values within the list of arguments Counts the number of cells that meet the criteria specified in the argument Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlent date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date using the specified or default day counting basis

## Statistical Information Maths Financial

COUPDAYS

Financial

COUPDAYSNC

Financial

COUPNCD

Financial

Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns covariance; the average of the products of deviations for each data point pair

COUPNUM

Financial

COUPPCD

Financial

COVAR

Statistical

CRITBINOM

Statistical

Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

## Financial Financial Date & Time

Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods Returns the sequential Excel date / time serial number that represents a particular date

## DATEDIF DATEVALUE DAVERAGE DAY DAYS360

Date & Time Date & Time Database Date & Time Date & Time

Calculates differences between two dates in terms of specified units and assumptions Converts a date text form to an Excel date / time serial number Returns the average of selected list or database entries based on specified criteria Converts an Excel date / time serial number to the day of a month Calculates the number of days between two dates using a specified 30 day month 360 day year method Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, using the fixed declining balance method Counts the cells containing numbers from a specified database that match specified criteria

DB

Financial

DCOUNT

Database

DCOUNTA DDB

Database Financial

Counts non blank cells from a specified database that match specified criteria criteria Returns the deoreciation of an asset for a specified period, using the double-declining balance method of some other method that is specified Converts a decimal number to binary Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal Converts a decimal number to octal Converts radians to degrees Test whether two values are equal Returns the sum of the squares of the deviations from the sample mean Extracts from a specified database a single value that matches specified criteria Returns the discount rate for a security using the specified or default day counting basis

## Engineering Engineering Engineering Maths Engineering Statistical Database Financial

DMAX DMIN

Database Database

Extracts maximum number in a column of a list or database that matches specified conditions Extracts minimum number in a column of a list or database that matches specified conditions

DOLLAR DOLLARDE

Text Financial

Converts a number to text, using currency format Converts a dollar price (expressed as a fraction) into a dollar price expressed as a decimal number Converts a dollar price (expressed as a decimal number) into a dollar price expressed as a fraction Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the specified criteria in a database Estimates standard deviation of a population based on a sample using numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified conditions Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population using numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified conditions Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the specified criteria Returns the Macauley duration of a security with periodic interest payments using the specified or default day counting basis

DOLLARFR

Financial

DPRODUCT

Database

DSTDEV

Database

DSTDEVP

Database

DSUM

Database

DURATION

Financial

DVAR

Database

Estimates the variance of a population based on a sample by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified criteria Calculates the variance of a population based on the entire population by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified criteria Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the specified number of months from the start_date Returns the effective annual interest rate of a given nominal rate with its compounding frequency Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months from start_date

DVARP

DataBase

EDATE

EFFECT

Financial

EOMONTH

## Engineering Engineering Information

Returns the error function integrated between lower_limit and upper_limit Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity Returns a number corresponding to an Excel error type

EUROCONVERT

External

Converts a number to or from Euros to or from a member currency or converts between one euro member currency to another using the Euro as an intermediary (triangulation)

EVEN EXACT EXP EXPONDIST FACT FACTDOUBLE FALSE FDIST FIND FINDB

Maths Text Maths Statistical Maths Maths Logical Statistical Text Text

Rounds a number away from zero to the nearest even integer Checks to see whether two text values are identical Returns e (=2.71828182845904) raised to the power of a given number Returns the exponential distribution Returns the factorial of a number Returns the double factorial of a number Returns the logical value FALSE Returns the F probability distribution Finds one text value within another (case sensitive) Finds one text value within another (case sensitive) based on the number of bytes each character uses. Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution Returns the Fisher transformation at x Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals Rounds a number down towards 0 to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Calculates a predicted value of y for a given x value based on known values for x and y

## Statistical Statistical Statistical Text Maths

FORECAST

Statistical

FREQUENCY

Statistical

Counts how often values occur within given ranges of values and returns those counts as a vertical array of numbers Returns the result of an F-test; the one-tailed probability that the variances in array1 and array2 are not significantly different

FTEST

Statistical

FV

Financial

## Returns the future value of an investment

FVSCHEDULE

Financial

Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates Returns the gamma distribution Returns the inverse of the gamma distribution Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function (x). Returns the greatest common divisor of 2 - 29 integers Returns the geometric mean of an array or range of positive data Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value Returns data stored in a pivot table Calculates predicted exponential growth and returns the y-values for a series of specified new x-values by using known x-values and yvalues Returns the harmonic mean of a data set by calculating the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of reciprocals Converts a hexadecimal to a binary Converts a hexadecimal to a decimal Converts a hexadecimal to an octal Looks in the top row of a table or array and returns the value of the indicated cell Converts an Excel date / time serial number to an hour Creates a shortcut that opens a document on your hard drive, a server or the internet Returns the hypergeometric distribution by calculating the probability of a given number of sample successes, given the sample size, population successes, and population size

HARMEAN

Statistical

## HEX2BIN HEX2DEC HEX2OCT HLOOKUP HOUR HYPERLINK HYPGEOMDIST

Engineering Engineering Engineering Lookup & Ref Date & Time Lookup & Ref Statistical

IF

Logical

Returns one value specified condition evaluates to TRUE and another value if it evaluates to FALSE Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj"

IMABS

Engineering

IMAGINARY

Engineering

IMARGUMENT IMCONJUGATE

Engineering Engineering

Returns the argument theta - an angle expressed in radians Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the cosine of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the quotient of two complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj"

IMCOS

Engineering

IMDIV

Engineering

IMEXP

Engineering

Returns the exponential of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj"

IMLN

Engineering

Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" raised to an integer number Returns the product of 2 - 29 complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the real coefficient of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the sine of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the square root of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj"

IMLOG10

Engineering

IMLOG2

Engineering

IMPOWER

Engineering

IMPRODUCT

Engineering

IMREAL

Engineering

IMSIN

Engineering

IMSQRT

Engineering

IMSUB

Engineering

Returns the difference of two complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the sum of 2 - 29 complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj"

IMSUM

Engineering

INDEX

## Lookup & Ref

Alternative forms. Array form returns a value or array of values. Reference form returns a reference. Returns a reference indicated by a value provided as text returns information about the current operating environment

INDIRECT INFO

## Lookup & Ref Information

INT INTERCEPT

Maths Statistical

Rounds a number away from 0 to the nearest integer Calculates from given x and y values the point at which a line will intersect the y-axis

INTRATE

Financial

Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the amount of the interest element in a payment for an investment for a given period

IPMT

Financial

IRR ISBLANK ISERR ISERROR ISEVEN ISLOGICAL ISNA ISNONTEXT ISNUMBER ISODD ISPMT ISREF ISTEXT JIS

Financial Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Financial Information Information Text

Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows Returns TRUE if the value is blank Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A Returns TRUE if the value is any error value Returns TRUE if the number is even Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value Returns TRUE if the value is not text Returns TRUE if the value is a number Returns TRUE if the number is odd Returns the interest associated with a specific loan payment Returns TRUE if the value is a reference Returns TRUE if the value is text Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters. Returns the kurtosis of a data set; a measure that compares the relative peakedness or flatness of a distribution compared with the normal distribution Returns the kth largest value in a data set Returns the least common multiple of 1 - 29 integers Returns the left most characters from a text value

KURT

Statistical

## Statistical Maths Text

LEFTB

Text

Returns the first character or characters in a text string, based on the number of bytes you specify. Returns the number of characters in a text string Returns the number of bytes used to represent the characters in a text string Entered as an array formula, LINEST returns an array that describes a line of best fit by using the least squares method Returns the natural logarithm (base e = 2.71828182845904) of a number Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number Entered as an array formula, LOGEST calculates an exponential curve that fits known data and returns an array of values that describes that curve Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution function of x, where ln(x) is normally distributed with given probability, mean, and standard deviation Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution of x, where ln(x) is normally distributed with known mean and standard deviation

Statistical

LOGNORMDIST

Statistical

LOOKUP

## Lookup & Ref

Alternative forms. Vector form looks up values in a one row or column range and returns a value in a second one row or column range. Array form looks in the first row or column of an array for the specified value and returns a value from the same position in the last row or column of the array

LOWER MATCH

## Text Lookup & Ref

Converts text to lowercase Returns the relative position of an item in an array that matches a specified value in a specified order Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments ignoring logical values and text Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments including logical values and text Returns the matrix determinant of an array Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100 using the specified or default day counting basis

## Statistical Text Text

Returns the median of the given numbers Returns a specific number of characters from a string starting at a specified position Returns a specific number of characters from a text string, starting at the position you specify, based on the number of bytes specified

## Statistical Statistical Date & Time Maths Financial

Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments ignoring logical values and text Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments including logical values and text Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a minute Returns the matrix inverse of an array Returns the modified internal rate of return based on different finance and reinvestment rates for negative and positive cash flows

MMULT MOD**

Maths Maths

Returns the matrix product of two arrays Returns the remainder from division with the result having the same sign as the divisor

## Statistical Date & Time Maths

Returns the most common value in a data set Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a month number Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple. Midway points are rounded away from 0 Returns the ratio of the factorial of a sum of values to the product of factorials Returns a value converted to a number Returns the error value #N/A Returns the negative binomial distribution; the probability that there will be number_f failures before the number_s-th success, when the constant probability of a success is probability_s Returns the number of whole working days between two dates excluding specified holidays Returns the nominal rate equivalent to a given annual effective with a given compounding frequency for the nominal rate

MULTINOMIAL N NA NEGBINOMDIST

NETWORKDAYS

## Date & Time

NOMINAL

Financial

NORMDIST

Statistical

Returns the cumulative distribution function or probability mass function for the value x with specified mean and standard deviation Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution for the specified probability, mean, and standard deviation Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution function. The distribution has a mean of 0 and a standard deviation of 1 Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution Reverses the logic of its argument Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the current date and time Returns the number of periods for an investment Returns the net present value of an investment based upon a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate where the first cash flow is received at the end of the first period

NORMINV

Statistical

NORMSDIST

Statistical

## Engineering Engineering Engineering Maths Financial

Converts an octal number to binary Converts an octal number to decimal Converts an octal number to hexadecimal Rounds a number away from 0 to the nearest odd integer Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns a reference to a range that is a specified number of rows and columns from a cell or range of cells ReturnsTRUE if any argument is TRUE Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient Returns the kth percentile of values in a range

ODDFYIELD

Financial

ODDLPRICE

Financial

ODDLYIELD

Financial

OFFSET

## Lookup & Ref

OR PEARSON PERCENTILE

## Logical Statistical Statistical

PERCENTRANK PERMUT

Statistical Statistical

Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects that can be selected from a number of objects without replacement

PHONETIC PI

Text Maths

Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string Returns the number 3.14159265358979, the mathematical constant pi, accurate to 15 digits

## Financial Statistical Maths Financial

Returns the periodic payment for an annuity Returns the Poisson distribution Returns the result of a number raised to a power Returns the amount of principal element in a payment for an investment for a given period

PRICE

Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity using the specified or default day counting basis Returns either the probability that values in a range are between two limits or if upper_limit is not specified, the probability that values in x_range are equal to lower_limit

PRICEDISC

Financial

PRICEMAT

Financial

PROB

Statistical

## Maths Text Financial Statistical Maths Maths Maths

Multiplies together 1 - 30 numbers Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value Returns the present value of an investment Returns the quartile of a data set Returns the integer portion of a division Converts degrees to radians Returns an evenly distributed random number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1

RANDBETWEEN

Maths

Returns a random number between (and inclusive of) two specified numbers

## Statistical Financial Financial

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered Replaces characters within text Replaces part of a text string, based on the number of bytes you specify, with a different text string. Repeats text a given number of times Returns the rightmost characters from a text value Returns the last character or characters in a text string, based on the number of bytes you specify Converts an arabic number to Roman, as text Rounds a number to a specified number of digits to the left (-) or right (+) of the decimal point. The midway digit 5 is rounded away from 0. Rounds a number down towards 0 to a specified number of digits to the left (-) or right (+) of the decimal point Round a number up away from 0 to a specified number of digits to the left (-) or right (+) of the decimal point Returns the row number of a reference Returns the number of rows in a reference Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient through data points in known_y's and known_x's Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation Finds one text value within another (not case sensitive) and returns the number of the starting position

REGISTER.ID

External

REPLACE REPLACEB

Text Text

ROMAN ROUND

Maths Maths

ROUNDDOWN

Maths

ROUNDUP

Maths

RTD SEARCH

## Lookup & Ref Text

SEARCHB

Text

Finds one text string (find_text) within another text string (within_text), and returns the number of the starting position of find_text. The result is based on the number of bytes each character uses, beginning with start_num

## Date & Time Maths Maths

Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a second Returns the sum of a power series expansion Returns 1 for positve numbers, 0 if the number is 0 and, -1 if the number is negative

## Maths Maths Statistical Financial Statistical

Returns the sine of a given angle given in radians Returns the hyperbolic sine of a given angle Returns the skewness of a distribution Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period. Returns the slope (vertical distance / horizontal distance) of the linear regression line through data points in known_y's and known_x's

SMALL SQL.REQUEST

Statistical External

Returns the kth smallest value in a data set Connects with an external data source, and runs a query from a worksheet. SQL.REQUEST then returns the result as an array Returns a positive square root Returns the square root of a number multiplied by pi Returns a normalized value from a distribution with known mean and standard_dev

## Statistical Statistical Statistical

Estimates standard distribution based on a sample ignoring text and logical values Estimates standard deviation based on a sample including text and logical values Calculates standard distribution based on the entire population ignoring text and logical values Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population including text and logical values Returns the standard error of the predicted yvalue for each x in the regression

STDEVPA

Statistical

STEYX

Statistical

## Text Maths Maths Maths Maths Maths Maths

Substitutes new text for old text in a text string Returns the sutotal in a list or database Adds its arguments Add the cells specified by a given criteria Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components Returns the sum of the squares of 1 - 30 numbers Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

## Maths Maths Financial

Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two array Returns the sum of years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period

## Text Maths Maths Financial Financial Financial Statistical

Converts its arguments to text Returns the tangent of a given angle given in radians Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a treasury bill Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill Returns the yield for a treasury bill Returns the probability for the Student tdistribution where a numeric value (x) is a calculated value of t for which the probability is to be computed Formats a number and converts it to text Returns the decimal portion of an Excel date / time serial number for a particular time

TEXT TIME

TIMEVALUE

## Date & Time

Converts the time in an acceptable form of text enclosed in quotation marks to the decimal portion of an Excel date / time serial number

TINV

Statistical

Returns the t-value of the Student's tdistribution based on given probability and degrees of freedom

## Date & Time Lookup & Ref Statistical

Returns the Excel date / time serial number of today's date Returns the transpose of an array Entered as an array formula, TREND fits a straight line using the least squares method to arrays of known_y's and known_x's and returns the y-values along that line for the array of specified new_x's Removes all spaces from text except single spaces between words Calculates the mean by excluding a specified percentage of data points from the top and bottom tails of a data set Returns the logical value TRUE Truncates a number to an integer or to specified precision by removing the fractional part of the number. (Serves to round down towards 0) Returns the probability associated with a student's t-test Returns the type of value (1 for value is a number; 2 for value is text; 4 for value is logical value; 16 for value is error value; 64 for value is array) Converts text to uppercase Converts a text argument to a number Estimates variance based on a sample ignoring logical values and text Estimates variance based on a sample including text and logical values Calculates variance based on the entire population ignoring text and logical values Calculates variance based on the entire population including text and logical values Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period using a variable declining balance method Locates a specified value in the leftmost column of a specified table, and returns the value in the same row from a specified column in the table Converts an Excel date / time serial number to the number of the day of the week based upon counting system of return_type

TRIM TRIMMEAN

Text Statistical

TRUE TRUNC

Logical Maths

TTEST TYPE

Statistical Information

VLOOKUP

WEEKDAY

WEEKNUM

## Date & Time

Returns the weeknumber in the year based upon return_type counting basis

WEIBULL WORKDAY

## Statistical Date & Time

Returns the Weibull distribution Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays excluding holidays Returns the annual effective interest rate for a schedule of cash flows received at specified dates Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows received at specified dates

XIRR

Financial

XNPV

Financial

YEAR YEARFRAC

## Date & Time Date & Time

Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a year Returns the difference between start_date and end_date expressed as a number of years including decimal fraction of a year. Converts a number to text, using the (yen) currency format, with the number rounded to a specified place Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the annual yield for a discounted security using the specified or default day counting basis. Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the two-tailed P-value of a z-test

YEN

Text

YIELD

Financial

YIELDDISC

Financial

YIELDMAT

Financial

ZTEST

Statistical

Notes:

** The Excel MOD function uses a different definition of MOD to that used by VBA Mod function insofar as negative numbers are concerne

XCEL FUNCTIONS
Syntax
=ABS(Number) =ACCRINT(Issue,First_Interest,Settlement,Rate, Par,Frequency,Basis) =ACCRINTM(Issue,Settlement,Rate,Par,Basis) =ACOS(Number) =ACOSH(Number) =ADDRESS(Row_num,Column_num,Abs_num, A1,Sheet_text) =AMORDEGRC(Cost,Date_purchased,First_period, Salvage,Period,Rate,Basis)

=AMORLINC(Cost,Date_purchased,First_period, Salvage,Period,Rate,Basis)

## =ASIN(Number) =ASINH(Number) =ATAN(Number) =ATAN2(x_num,y_num) =ATANH(Number) =AVEDEV(Number1,Number2,) =AVERAGE(Number1,Number2,) =AVERAGEA(Value1,Value2,)

=BAHTTEXT(number) =BESSELI(x,n)

=BESSELJ(x,n) =BESSELK(x,n) =BESSELY(x,n) =BETADIST(x,alpha,beta,A,B) =BETAINV(probability,alpha,beta,A,B) =BIN2DEC(Number) =BIN2HEX(Number,Places) =BIN2OCT(Number,Places) =BINOMDIST(number_s,trials,probability_s, cumulative) =CALL(register_id,argument1,...) With Register.id =CALL(module_text,procedure,type_text, argument1,...) Excel for Windows =CALL(file_text,resource,type_text, argument1,...) Excel for Macintosh =CEILING(number,significance)

=CELL(info_type,reference)

=CHAR(Number)

## =CHOOSE(index_num,value1,value2,...) =CLEAN(text) =CODE(text) =COLUMN(reference) =COLUMNS(array) =COMBIN(number,number_chosen)

=COMPLEX(real_num,i_num,suffix)

## =COUNTA(value1,value2, ...) =COUNTBLANK(range) =COUNTIF(range,criteria) =COUPDAYBS(settlement,maturity, frequency,basis)

=COUPDAYS(settlement,maturity, frequency,basis)

=COUPDAYSNC(settlement,maturity, frequency,basis)

=COUPNCD(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis)

=COUPNUM(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis)

=COUPPCD(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis)

=COVAR(array1,array2)

=CRITBINOM(trials,probability_s,alpha)

## =DATEDIF(start_date,end_date,unit) =DATEVALUE(date_text) =DAVERAGE(database,field,criteria) =DAY(serial_number) =DAYS360(start_date,end_date,method)

=DB(cost,salvage,life,period,month)

=DCOUNT(database,field,criteria)

=DCOUNTA(database,field,criteria) =DDB(cost,salvage,life,period,factor)

## =DEC2BIN(Number) =DEC2HEX(Number) =DEC2OCT(Number) =DEGREES(angle) =DELTA(number1,number2) =DEVSQ(number1,number2,...) =DGET(database,field,criteria) =DISC(settlement,maturity,pr,redemption,basis)

=DMAX(database,field,criteria) =DMIN(database,field,criteria)

=DOLLAR(number,decimals) =DOLLARDE(fractional_dollar,fraction)

=DOLLARFR(decimal_dollar,fraction)

=DPRODUCT(database,field,criteria)

=DSTDEV(database,field,criteria)

=DSTDEVP(database,field,criteria)

=DSUM(database,field,criteria)

=DURATION(settlement,maturity,coupon,yld, frequency,basis)

=DVAR(database,field,criteria)

=DVARP(database,field,criteria)

=EDATE(start_date,months)

=EFFECT(nominal_rate,npery)

=EOMONTH(start_date,months)

## =ERF(lower_limit,upper_limit) =ERFC(x) =ERROR.TYPE(error_val)

=EUROCONVERT(number,source,target, full_precision,triangulation_precision)

=EVEN(Number) =EXACT(text1,text2) =EXP(Number) =EXPONDIST(x,lambda,cumulative) =FACT(Number) =FACTDOUBLE(number) =FALSE() =FDIST(x,degrees_freedom1, degrees_freedom2) =FIND(find_text,within_text,start_num) =FINDB(find_text,within_text,start_num)

## =FINV(probability,degrees_freedom1, degrees_freedom2) =FISHER(x) =FISHERINV(y) =FIXED(number,decimals,no_commas) =FLOOR(number,significance)

=FORECAST(x,known_y's,known_x's)

=FREQUENCY(data_array,bins_array)

=FTEST(array1,array2)

=FV(rate,nper,pmt,pv,type)

=FVSCHEDULE(principal,schedule)

=GAMMADIST(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) =GAMMAINV(probability,alpha,beta) =GAMMALN(x) =GCD(number1,number2, ...) =GEOMEAN(number1,number2, ...) =GESTEP(number,step) =GETPIVOTDATA(data_field,pivot_table,field1,item1,field2,item2,...) =GROWTH(known_y's,known_x's,new_x's,const)

=HARMEAN(number1,number2, ...)

## =HEX2BIN(Number,Places) =HEX2DEC(Number) =HEX2OCT(Number,Places) =HLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array, row_index_num,range_lookup) =HOUR(serial_number) =HYPERLINK(link_location,friendly_name) =HYPGEOMDIST(sample_s,number_sample, population_s,number_population)

=IF(logical_test,value_if_true,value_if_false)

=IMABS(inumber)

=IMAGINARY(inumber)

=IMARGUMENT(inumber) =IMCONJUGATE(inumber)

=IMCOS(inumber)

=IMDIV(inumber1,inumber2)

=IMEXP(inumber)

=IMLN(inumber)

=IMLOG10(inumber)

=IMLOG2(inumber)

=IMPOWER(inumber,number)

=IMPRODUCT(inumber1,inumber2,...)

=IMREAL(inumber)

=IMSIN(inumber)

=IMSQRT(inumber)

=IMSUB(inumber1,inumber2)

=IMSUM(inumber1,inumber2,...)

## =INDEX(array,row_num,column_num) =INDEX(reference,row_num,column_num, area_num) =INDIRECT(ref_text,a1) =INFO(type_text)

=INT(Number) =INTERCEPT(known_y's,known_x's)

=INTRATE(settlement,maturity,investment, redemption,basis)

=IPMT(rate,per,nper,pv,fv,type)

=IRR(values,guess) =ISBLANK(Value) =ISERR(Value) =ISERROR(Value) =ISEVEN(Number) =ISLOGICAL(Value) =ISNA(Value) =ISNONTEXT(Value) =ISNUMBER(Value) =ISODD(Number) =ISPMT(rate,per,nper,pv) =ISREF(Value) =ISTEXT(Value) =JIS(text)

=KURT(number1,number2, ...)

## =LARGE(array,k) =LCM(number1,number2, ...) =LEFT(text,num_chars)

=LEFTB(text,num_bytes)

## =LN(Number) =LOG(Number,base) =LOG10(Number) =LOGEST(known_y's,known_x's,const,stats)

=LOGNORMDIST(x,mean,standard_dev)

## =MIN(number1,number2,...) =MINA(value1,value2,...) =MINUTE(serial_number) =MINVERSE(array) =MIRR(values,finance_rate,reinvest_rate)

=MMULT(array1,array2) =MOD(number,divisor)

## =MULTINOMIAL(number1,number2, ...) =N(Value) =NA() =NEGBINOMDIST(number_f,number_s, probability_s)

=NETWORKDAYS(start_date,end_date,holidays)

=NOMINAL(effect_rate,npery)

=NORMDIST(x,mean,standard_dev,cumulative)

=NORMINV(probability,mean,standard_dev)

=NORMSDIST(z)

=NORMSINV(probability) =NOT(Logical) =NOW() =NPER(rate, pmt, pv, fv, type) =NPV(rate,value1,value2, ...)

=OCT2BIN(number,places) =OCT2DEC(number) =OCT2HEX(number,places) =ODD(number) =ODDFPRICE(settlement,maturity,issue, first_coupon,rate,yld,redemption, frequency,basis) =ODDFYIELD(settlement,maturity,issue, first_coupon,rate,pr,redemption, frequency,basis) =ODDLPRICE(settlement,maturity,last_interest, rate,yld,redemption,frequency,basis)

=ODDLYIELD(settlement,maturity,last_interest, rate,pr,redemption,frequency,basis)

=OFFSET(reference,rows,cols,height,width)

## =OR(logical1,logical2,...) =PEARSON(array1,array2) =PERCENTILE(array,k)

=PERCENTRANK(array,x,significance) =PERMUT(number,number_chosen)

=PHONETIC(reference) =PI()

## =PMT(rate,nper,pv,fv,type) =POISSON(x,mean,cumulative) =POWER(number,power) =PPMT(rate,per,nper,pv,fv,type)

=PRICE(settlement,maturity,rate,yld,redemption, frequency,basis)

=PRICEDISC(settlement,maturity,discount, redemption,basis)

=PRICEMAT(settlement,maturity,issue,rate, yld,basis)

=PROB(x_range,prob_range,lower_limit, upper_limit)

## =PRODUCT(number1,number2, ...) =PROPER(text) =PV(rate,nper,pmt,fv,type) =QUARTILE(array,quart) =QUOTIENT(numerator,denominator) =RADIANS(angle) =RAND()

=RANDBETWEEN(bottom,top)

## =RANK(number,ref,order) =RATE(nper,pmt,pv,fv,type,guess) =RECEIVED(settlement,maturity,investment, discount,basis)

=REGISTER.ID(module_text,procedure,type_text)

## =REPT(text,number_times) =RIGHT(text,num_chars) =RIGHTB(text,num_bytes)

=ROMAN(number,form) =ROUND(number,num_digits)

=ROUNDDOWN(number,num_digits)

=ROUNDUP(number,num_digits)

## =ROW(reference) =ROWS(array) =RSQ(known_y's,known_x's)

=RTD(ProgID,server,topic1,[topic2],...) =SEARCH(find_text,within_text,start_num)

=SEARCHB(find_text,within_text,start_num)

## =STDEV(number1,number2,...) =STDEVA(value1,value2,...) =STDEVP(number1,number2,...)

=STDEVPA(value1,value2,...)

=STEYX(known_y's,known_x's)

=SUBSTITUTE(text,old_text,new_text, instance_num) =SUBTOTAL(function_num,ref1,ref2,...) =SUM(number1,number2, ...) =SUMIF(range,criteria,sum_range) =SUMPRODUCT(array1,array2,array3, ...) =SUMSQ(number1,number2, ...) =SUMX2MY2(array_x,array_y)

## =T(value) =TAN(number) =TANH(number) =TBILLEQ(settlement,maturity,discount) =TBILLPRICE(settlement,maturity,discount) =TBILLYIELD(settlement,maturity,pr) =TDIST(x,degrees_freedom,tails)

=TEXT(value,format_text) =TIME(hour,minute,second)

=TIMEVALUE(time_text)

=TINV(probability,degrees_freedom)

## =TODAY() =TRANSPOSE(array) =TREND(known_y's,known_x's,new_x's,const)

=TRIM(text) =TRIMMEAN(array,percent)

=TRUE() =TRUNC(number,num_digits)

=TTEST(array1,array2,tails,type) =TYPE(value)

## =UPPER(text) =VALUE(text) =VAR(number1,number2,...) =VARA(value1,value2,...) =VARP(number1,number2,...) =VARPA(value1,value2,...) =VDB(cost,salvage,life,start_period,end_period, factor,no_switch)

=VLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array, col_index_num,range_lookup)

=WEEKDAY(serial_number,return_type)

=WEEKNUM(serial_num,return_type)

=WEIBULL(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) =WORKDAY(start_date,days,holidays)

=XIRR(values,dates,guess)

=XNPV(rate,values,dates)

=YEAR(serial_number) =YEARFRAC(start_date,end_date,basis)

=YEN(number,decimals)

=YIELD(settlement,maturity,rate,pr,redemption, frequency,basis)

=YIELDDISC(settlement,maturity,pr,redemption, basis)

=YIELDMAT(settlement,maturity,issue,rate,pr, basis)

=ZTEST(array,x,sigma)

## HM NGY THNG V THI GIAN

Name
DATE

Description
Tr v mt chui hoc mt s th hin mt ngy thng y . Nu nh dng l General trc khi nhp hm th kt qu tr v l chui ngy thng. Calculates differences between two dates in terms of specified units and assumptions Tr v mt chui s thp phn biu th ngy thng c i din bi chui vn bn date_text. Tr v th t ca ngy t chui ngy thng. Tr v s ngy gia 2 gi tr ngy thng da trn c s mt nm c 360 ngy (12 thng, mi thng 30 ngy). Hm ny dng trong mt s trng hp tnh ton c lng trn c s mt nm c 360 ngy. Tr v mt chui s i din cho ngy thng xy ra trc hay sau mc thi gian c ch nh. Dng hm EDATE tnh ngy o hn hay ht hn trong kinh doanh. Tr v mt chui s i din cho ngy cui cng ca thng xy ra trc hay sau mc thi gian c ch nh. Dng hm EOMONTH tnh ngy o hn hay ht hn trong kinh doanh. Tr v gi ca mt gi tr thi gian. Gi tr v dng s nguyn t 0 (12:00 PM) n 23 (11:00 PM). Tr v s pht ca mt gi tr thi gian. Gi tr v dng s nguyn t 0 n 59. Tr v th t ca thng t gi tr kiu ngy thng. Tr v s ngy lm vic bt u t ngy start_date n end_date v tr i nhng ngy ngh v ngy l. Dng hm NETWORKDAYS tnh s ngy lm vic cho ngi lao ng trong khong thi gian xc nh. Tr v ngy gi hin ti trong h thng ca bn. Nu nh dng l General trc khi hm nhp cng thc, kt qu tr v nh dng ngy thng. Tr v s giy ca mt gi tr thi gian. Gi tr v dng s nguyn t 0 n 59. Tr v mt chui hoc mt s th hin mt thi gian y . Nu nh dng l General trc khi nhp hm th kt qu tr v l mt thi gian. Tr v mt chui s biu th thi gian c i din bi chui vn bn time_text. S thp phn l mt dy s t 0 n 0.999999999 i din cho thi gian t 0:0:0 (12:00:00 AM) n 23:59:59 (11:59:59 PM).

DATEDIF* DATEVALUE

DAY DAYS360

EDATE

EOMONTH

HOUR

## MINUTE MONTH NETWORKDAYS

NOW

SECOND TIME

TIMEVALUE

TODAY WEEKDAY

Tr v ngy hin ti trong h thng ca bn. Nu nh dng l General trc khi hm nhp cng thc, kt qu tr v nh dng Tr v th t ngy thng. ca ngy trong tun ca nh dng ngy thng ch ra.

WEEKNUM WORKDAY

Tr v th t ca tun trong nm da vo ngy thng bn a ra. Tr v ngy lm vic xy ra trc hoc sau ngy bn ch nh v tr i nhng ngy ngh, v ngy l c lit k. Dng WORKDAY tnh ngy kt thc cng vic rt hu ch.

YEAR YEARFRAC

Tr v nm ca mt gi tr hoc chui i din cho ngy thng. Tr v t l ca mt khong thi gian so vi nm.

Notes:

* See Appendix 2. DATEDIF really does exist! It is an Excel built in function. It doesn't appear in the listings in the function wizard and the only documentation reference is in the Help files for Excel 2000.

## Date and Time Function Arguments

Argument
Basis (For Securities Functions)

Description
The type of day count basis to use: 0 or omitted = US(NASD) 30/360 1 = Actual / Actual 2 = Actual / 360 3 = Actual / 365 4 = European 30/360 A date enclosed in quotation marks that is in a date text form acceptable to Excel. Note that acceptable date forms vary with system and Excel settings. A number representing the day of the month. If day is greater than the number of days in the month specified, day aggregates the month and year arguments appropriately and day represents the balance after this aggregation The number of nonweekend and nonholiday days before or after start_date. A positive value for days yields a future date; a negative value yields a past date i din cho ngy thng kt thc. An optional range of one or more dates to exclude from the working calendar. The list can be either a range of cells that contains the dates or an array constant of the serial numbers that represent the dates

Date_text Day

## Hour Method Minute Month (For DATE function)

A number from 0 to 32767 representing the hour. Any value greater than 23 will be divided by 24 and the remainder will be treated as the hour value FALSE or omitted = US (NASD) 30/360 method; TRUE = European 30/360 method A number from 0 to 32767 representing the minute. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours and minutes A number representing the month of the year. If month is greater than 12, month adds that number of months to the first month in the year specified

Months Return_type (WEEKDAY only) Return_type (WEEKNUM only) Second Serial_num Serial_Number

The number of months before or after start_date A number that determines the type of return value: 1 (or omitted) 1 = Sunday; 2 = 1 = Monday; 3 = 0 = Monday A number that determines on which day the week begins; 1 (or omitted) = starts Sunday nums 1 to 7; 2 = starts Monday nums 1 to 7 A number from 0 to 32767 representing the second. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours, minutes, and seconds A date / time serial number. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other formulas or functions An Excel date / time serial number. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other formulas or functions. The Excel date serial number varies according to setting of 1900 or 1904 date system in Tools > Options > Calculation. i din cho ngy thng bt u A text string enclosed in quotation marks that represents a time in any one of the Excel time formats "y" = years; "m" = months; "d" = days; "md" = days khng chp nhn thng v nm; "ym" = years and months; "yd" = nm v ngy The year number as one to four digits

## Days Between 4 30 89 359 Year 2006 2006 2006

Date 25-dec-99 25/12/99 25-dec-99 25/12/99 Full Date 25-Dec-98 6-Nov-12 6-Nov-12

Number 21:15

Hour 21

=HOUR(A81)

## 0.25 Number 11/6/2012 17:01 9:15:00 PM 0.02 0.52 1.52

6 Minute 1 15 28 28 28

=HOUR(A82)

## =MINUTE(A85) =MINUTE(A86) =MINUTE(A87) =MINUTE(A88) =MINUTE(A89)

Clock Hour ||||||||||||||||| 17 Minute | 01 Second |||||||||||||||||||||||||||| 28 =REPT("|",HOUR(NOW()))&" "&TEXT(HOUR(NOW()),"00") =REPT("|",MINUTE(NOW()))&" "&TEXT(MINUTE(NOW()),"00") =REPT("|",SECOND(NOW()))&" "&TEXT(SECOND(NOW()),"00")

Enter a time in hh:mm format : The same time converted to a decimal : To extract the hours as a decimal : To extract the minutes as a decimal :

Enter a time in decimal format : The same time converted to hh:mm format is : To extract the hours in hh:mm format : To extract the minutes in hh:mm format : Original Date 1-Jan-98 1-Jan-98 Month 1 December The current Date and Time 11/6/2012 17:01 11/06/12 05:01 PM

Minutes 1 2 1

Hour 14 14 14

Minute 30 30 30

Second 59 59 59

## Time 0.6 14:30:59 2:30:59 PM

Today Is 6-Nov-12 Date 1-Jan-97 10-Aug-97 Date 1-Jan-97 10-Aug-97 Year 2000 01-Jan-2000

=TODAY() Days Since 11/05/15 03/29/15 Days Since 5789 5568 Days Until 02/23/87

Date Thu 01-Jan-98 Thu 01-Jan-98 Thu 01-Jan-98 Thu 01-Jan-98 Thu 01-Jan-98

Date 25-Dec-06

Year 2006

=YEAR(A201)

## Start Date 1-Jan-98 2-Jan-98 2-Jan-98

Plus Months 3 3 -3

## End Date 1-Apr-98 2-Apr-98 2-Oct-97

Start Tue 06-Jan-98 Mon 12-Jan-98 Fri 09-Jan-98 Fri 09-Jan-98 Mon 19-Jan-98 Mon 26-Jan-98 Mon 12-Jan-98

Duration 3 3 4 3 3 3 3

End Mon 06-Apr-98 Sun 12-Apr-98 Sat 09-May-98 Thu 09-Apr-98 Sun 19-Apr-98 Sun 26-Apr-98 Sun 12-Apr-98

## StartDate 5-Jan-98 5-Jan-98 5-Jan-98

Plus Months 2 2 -2

## End Of Month 35885 31-Mar-98 30-Nov-97

D N KHU DU LCH Ngy khi cng 5/10/2006 Quc khnh Tt DLch Tt Nguyn n S CN S ng/cng cn thc hin 120 30000 Cc ngy ngh quy nh 9/2/2006 1/1/2007 2/18/2007 2/19/2007 2/20/2007

Ngy kt thc d n

4/30/2007

## D N KIN C HA BIN 3/10/2005

D kin kt thc 10/20/2005 Cc ngy ngh bt buc GP Min Nam 4/30/2005 Quc khnh 9/2/2005 S ngy lm vic

160

## THNG V THI GIAN

Syntax
=DATE(year,month,day)

=DATEDIF(start_date,end_date,unit) =DATEVALUE(date_text)

=DAY(serial_number) =DAYS360(start_date,end_date,method)

=EDATE(start_date,months)

=EOMONTH(start_date,months)

=HOUR(serial_number)

## =MINUTE(serial_number) =MONTH(serial_number) =NETWORKDAYS(start_date,end_date,holidays)

=NOW()

=SECOND(serial_number) =TIME(hour,minute,second)

=TIMEVALUE(time_text)

=TODAY() =WEEKDAY(serial_number,return_type)

=WEEKNUM(serial_num,return_type) =WORKDAY(start_date,days,holidays)

=YEAR(serial_number) =YEARFRAC(start_date,end_date,basis)

an Excel built in function. It doesn't appear in the listings in the function he Help files for Excel 2000.

e Function Arguments

## se: 0 or omitted = US(NASD) 30/360 360 an 30/360

rks that is in a date text form acceptable to Excel. Note that acceptable date el settings.

of the month. If day is greater than the number of days in the month onth and year arguments appropriately and day represents the balance after

d nonholiday days before or after start_date. A positive value for days yields ields a past date

c.

e dates to exclude from the working calendar. The list can be either a range r an array constant of the serial numbers that represent the dates

senting the hour. Any value greater than 23 will be divided by 24 and the hour value 30/360 method; TRUE = European 30/360 method

senting the minute. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours

th of the year. If month is greater than 12, month adds that number of year specified

r after start_date

## pe of return value: 1 (or omitted) 1 = Sunday; 2 = 1 = Monday; 3 = 0 =

hich day the week begins; 1 (or omitted) = starts Sunday nums 1 to 7; 2 =

senting the second. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours,

## es should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other

ber. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of Excel date serial number varies according to setting of 1900 or 1904 date culation.

on marks that represents a time in any one of the Excel time formats

days; "md" = days khng chp nhn thng v nm; "ym" = years and

digits

* See the Note below. =DAYS360(A57,B57,TRUE) =DAYS360(A58,B58,TRUE) =DAYS360(A59,B59,TRUE) =DAYS360(A60,B60,TRUE) Date 12/1/2006 =DATE(C63,B63,A63) 1-Dec-06 =DATE(C64,B64,A64) January 2, 2007 =DATE(C64,B64,A64)

## 3.75 3:45 3:00 0:45

Second 28 0 0 24 24

0.01

## Time 14:30:59 2:30:59 PM 0.60485

Weekday 5 5 5 4 3

## Tun th Err:504 Err:504 =WEEKNUM("02/09/2006")

BNG LNG NHN VIN THNG 9 STT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 H NGUYN ANH L TRUNG NGUYN NGC HUNH H L M L HNG TRN PH PHAN THANH LM H NGUYN VN TN TUN DNG XUYN PHAN TRN NGUYN QU NHN XUN H CHC V NHN VIN PH G G TRNG PHNG NHN VIN NHN VIN PH PHNG NHN VIN K TON NHN VIN LNG CB 280000 450000 550000 400000 200000 250000 350000 220000 420000 230000 CNG H S 2.8 5.1 5.5 4.2 2.6 2.7 4.1 2.5 5.1 2.7 ?

NGY 10/2/2006 10/3/2006 10/5/2006 10/6/2006 10/7/2006 10/8/2006 10/9/2006 10/10/2006 10/11/2006

BO CO KINH DOANH MT HNG TV NHN HIU S LNG N GI SONY 15 3000 JVC 25 2500 SANYO 12 2700 PHILIPS 22 4500 SAMSUNG 30 2200 THOMPSON 27 2000 SHARP 40 2400 AWA 10 2500 KENWOOD 20 3200 BNG TNG HP

THNH TIN

LI SUT 10.00% 15.00% 13.50% 9.00% 14.00% 8.00% 11.00% 14.00% 7.00%

? ? ?

? ? ?

## BNG TNG KT HNG NHP KHU

STT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

TN HNG

## M LOI 02N 01N 03N 04N 01N 03N 02N 04N

VT MT CI TN KG CI TN KG MT

S LNG 98 90 56 70 50 40 100 86

## M HNG VAI VHF FE URE

TN HNG VI SI VHF ST UR

VT MT CI TN KG

## LOI 01N 02N 03N 04N

BNG K KHAI HNG BN L THNG 9/2006 M HNG ST1 BSG2 DTA1 BN3 MI2 BSG3 DTA2 MI1 ST3 TN HNG S LNG 26 19 14 19 28 17 25 20 12 TNG CNG GI THNH TIN TIN VN

BNG GI M HNG MI BSG ST BN DTA TN HNG M N LIN BIA SI GN SA NG TH BT NGT DU TNG AN GI(/THNG) 32000 135000 165000 140000 135000 TL BN L 0.1 0.15 0.1 0.15 0.2

## BNG T L THU T NHP T L THU 1 1.20%

DU LCH THNG 10/2006 M CHUYN SG-NT SG-DL SG-HN NT-SG HN-SG HN-HL SG-VT BNG A M SG HN NT M XE 01-LVL 02-TVT 01-LVV 03-TVT 04-NVL 03-LVN 05-TVV NI XUT PHT NI N NGY XUT PHT S NGY 8/2/2006 5 8/20/2006 4 8/22/2006 10 8/15/2006 4 8/21/2006 12 8/17/2006 3 8/16/2006 3

TN A IM SI GN H NI NHA TRANG

BNG B M XE S KHCH

01 12

02 16

HL DL VT

H LONG LT VNG TU

STT 1 2 3 4 5 6

BNG CHI TIT DOANH THU TI X M XE TN XE TRN NAM VT NGUYN A BT H THANH VT L KHANH MT TRN HNG BT HU VT

## S KM 5.5 20 1 3.25 2 3.2

THNH TIN

BNG A M XE VT BT MT

## BNG B BNG TNG KT M XE VT BT MT

TN XE

STT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

M H SD1M2 HDM64 CDM74 SD1M4 HDM64 CDM74 SD1M2 CDM74 SD1M4 SD1M2

BO CO BN HNG TUN L T 7 N 14-12-2006 MT HNG NGY N V 12/7/2005 12/12/2005 12/8/2005 12/9/2005 12/11/2005 12/7/2005 12/10/2005 12/14/2005 12/12/2005 12/14/2005 TNG CNG: BNG DANH MC TN MT HNG A MM1.4MB A MM 1.2MB A CD740MB A CNG 3.2 MB

S LNG 5 2 12 7 3 5 6 4 10 20

## TNG S TIN BN C CA CC MT HNG

A MM

A CNG

A CD

LNG CHNH PH CP CHC V 784000 0 2295000 300000 3025000 400000 1680000 250000 520000 0 675000 0 1435000 200000 550000 0 2142000 300000 621000 0 13727000 1450000

THC LNH 784000 2595000 3425000 1930000 520000 675000 1635000 550000 2442000 621000 15177000

LI 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

LI VAY : 3% NGY NHP: THU NHP KHU TR GA NHP KHO NGY XUT 10/31/2006 8/4/2006 7/15/2006 8/31/2006 11/1/2006 9/18/2006 7/14/2006 10/1/2006

G THU SUT

## THU SUT 0% 120% 40% 20%

TIN BN L

TIN LI

2 1.50%

3 1%

NGY V

03 40

TNG THU

N GI

THNH TIN

Logical Functions

Name
AND FALSE IF NOT OR TRUE

Description Syntax Tr v kt qu TRUE nu tt c iu kin u =AND(Logical1,Logical2,) TRUE, Tr v FALSE nu mt trong cc iu kin FALSE. tr FALSE. Tr v gi =FALSE() Tr v mt gi tr nu iu kin l ng, Tr v mt =IF(logical_test,value_if_true,value_if_false) gi tr khc nu iu kin l sai. Tr v ph nh ca mt biu thc Logic. =NOT(Logical) Tr v TRUE nu mt trong cc iu kin l TRUE. =OR(logical1,logical2,...) Tr v FALSE nu tt c cc iu kin l FALSE. Tr v gi tr TRUE =TRUE()

## Logical Function Arguments

Argument Logical Logical_test Logical1 Logical2, Description logical l mt biu thc, iu kin kiu logic iu kin xt, logical c th l kt qu ca mt hm lun l nh AND, OR, l cc u kin cn kim tra. l cc u kin cn kim tra.

Loan 14 14 14

## Returned 5-Jan-98 15-Jan-98 20-Jan-98

Status OK OK Overdue

## Payment Type Cash Visa Cheque Delta

Handling Charge 5 5

## Payment Type Cash Visa Cheque Delta

Handling Charge 5 5

BNG IM TNG KT STT H 1 Nguyn Vn 2 L Vn 3 Nguyn Hu 4 Phm Hng 5 Hunh Tn 6 V Th Thu 7 Trn Th Kim 8 V Th Thu 9 Phan Thanh 10 Vn Tn nh Bnh Chnh Dng Dng Hng Kiu Loan Quang Thanh Ngy sinh 1/1/1990 5/10/1991 5/6/1990 7/2/1990 4/6/1991 8/3/1990 12/8/1990 11/6/1991 12/12/1990 12/11/1990

alue_if_true,value_if_false)

## Result TRUE FALSE FALSE TRUE

TB

Xp loi

Ln Lp

5.6 TRUNG BNH LN LP 4.5 YU 7.5 KH 8 KH 6.5 KH 6.7 KH 8.6 KH 9 GII 6.8 KH 7.2 KH LU BAN LN LP LN LP LN LP LN LP LN LP LN LP LN LP LN LP

Engineering Functions
Name
BESSELI BESSELJ BESSELK BESSELY BIN2DEC BIN2HEX BIN2OCT COMPLEX

Description
Returns the Bessel function evaluated for purely imaginary arguments Returns the Bessel function represented by Jn(x) Returns the modified Bessel function represented by Kn(x) Returns the Bessel / Weber / Neumann function Yn(x) Converts binary number to decimal Converts binary number to hexadecimal Converts binary number to octal Converts real and imaginary coefficients into complex numbers of the form x + yi or x + yj depending upon suffix Converts a number from one measurement system to another Converts a decimal number to binary Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal Converts a decimal number to octal Test whether two values are equal Returns the error function integrated between lower_limit and upper_limit Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value Converts a hexadecimal to a binary Converts a hexadecimal to a decimal Converts a hexadecimal to an octal Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the argument theta - an angle expressed in radians

CONVERT DEC2BIN DEC2HEX DEC2OCT DELTA ERF ERFC GESTEP HEX2BIN HEX2DEC HEX2OCT IMABS

IMAGINARY

IMARGUMENT

IMCONJUGATE

Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the cosine of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the quotient of two complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj"

IMCOS

IMDIV

IMEXP

Returns the exponential of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj"

IMLN

Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" raised to an integer number Returns the product of 2 - 29 complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the real coefficient of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the sine of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the square root of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj"

IMLOG10

IMLOG2

IMPOWER

IMPRODUCT

IMREAL

IMSIN

IMSQRT

IMSUB

Returns the difference of two complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the sum of 2 - 29 complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj"

IMSUM

## OCT2BIN OCT2DEC OCT2HEX

Converts an octal number to binary Converts an octal number to decimal Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

## Engineering Function Arguments

Argument
From_unit(1) From_unit(2)

Description
A unit of measurement Weight & Mass: "g" = gram; "sg" = slug; "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois); "u" = Atomic mass; "ozm" = ounces (avoirdupois) Distance: "m" = meter; "mi" = Statute Mile; "Nmi" = Nautical mile; "in" = inch; "ft" = foot; "yd" = yard; "ang" = Angstrom; "pica" = pica (1/72in) Time: "yr" = year; "day" = day; "hr" = hour; "mn" = minute; "sec" = second Pressure: "pa" = Pascal; "atm" = atmosphere; "mmHg" = mm of mercury Force: "N" = Newton; "dyn" = dyne; "lbf" = pound force Energy: "J" = Joule; "e" = erg; "c" Thermodynamic calorie; "cal" = IT calorie; "eV" = electron volt; "HPh" = horsepower-hour; "Wh" = Watt-hour; "flb" = foot-pound; "BTU" = BTU Power: "HP" = horsepower; "W" = Watt Magnetism: "T" = Tesler; "ga" = Gauss Temperature: "C" = degrees Celsius; "F" = degrees Fahrenheit; "K" = Kelvin Liquid Measure: "tsp" = teaspoon; "tbs" = tablespoon; "oz" = fluid ounce; "cup" = cup; "pt" = US Pint; "UK_pt" = UK pint; "qt" = quart; "gal" = gallon; "l" = liter

From_unit(3)

Prefix Abbreviations for metric: "E" = 1E+18 = exa; "P" = 1E+15 = peta; "T" 1E+12 = tera; "G" = 1E+09 = giga; "M" = 1E+06 = mega; "k" = 1E+03 = kilo; "h" = 1E+02 = hecto; "e" = 1E+01 = dekao; "d" = 1E-01 = deci; "c"=1E-02 = centi; "m" = 1E-03 = milli; "u" = 1E-06 = micro; "n" = 1E-09 = nano; "p" = 1E-12 = pico; "f" = 1E-15 = femto; "a" = 1E-18 = atto Imaginary coeffient of the complex number A complex number First complex number Second complex number The second of 1-29 complex numbers The lower bound for integrating ERF The order of the function A number or expression that evaluates to a number The first number The second number Second of up to 30 numbers. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas The number of characters to use. If places is omitted, Excel uses the minimum number of characters necessary The real coefficient of the complex number The threshold value. If you omit a value for step, GESTEP uses zero The suffix for the imaginary component of the complex number. If omitted, suffix is assumed to be "i"

I_num Inumber Inumber1 Inumber2 Inumber2, Lower_limit N Number Number1 Number2 Number2, Places Real_num Step Suffix

To_unit(1) To_unit(2)

A unit of measurement Weight & Mass: "g" = gram; "sg" = slug; "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois); "u" = Atomic mass; "ozm" = ounces (avoirdupois) Distance: "m" = meter; "mi" = Statute Mile; "Nmi" = Nautical mile; "in" = inch; "ft" = foot; "yd" = yard; "ang" = Angstrom; "pica" = pica (1/72in) Time: "yr" = year; "day" = day; "hr" = hour; "mn" = minute; "sec" = second Pressure: "pa" = Pascal; "atm" = atmosphere; "mmHg" = mm of mercury Force: "N" = Newton; "dyn" = dyne; "lbf" = pound force Energy: "J" = Joule; "e" = erg; "c" Thermodynamic calorie; "cal" = IT calorie; "eV" = electron volt; "HPh" = horsepower-hour; "Wh" = Watt-hour; "flb" = foot-pound; "BTU" = BTU Power: "HP" = horsepower; "W" = Watt Magnetism: "T" = Tesler; "ga" = Gauss Temperature: "C" = degrees Celsius; "F" = degrees Fahrenheit; "K" = Kelvin Liquid Measure: "tsp" = teaspoon; "tbs" = tablespoon; "oz" = fluid ounce; "cup" = cup; "pt" = US Pint; "UK_pt" = UK pint; "qt" = quart; "gal" = gallon; "l" = liter

To_unit(3)

Prefix Abbreviations for metric: "E" = 1E+18 = exa; "P" = 1E+15 = peta; "T" 1E+12 = tera; "G" = 1E+09 = giga; "M" = 1E+06 = mega; "k" = 1E+03 = kilo; "h" = 1E+02 = hecto; "e" = 1E+01 = dekao; "d" = 1E-01 = deci; "c"=1E-02 = centi; "m" = 1E-03 = milli; "u" = 1E-06 = micro; "n" = 1E-09 = nano; "p" = 1E-12 = pico; "f" = 1E-15 = femto; "a" = 1E-18 = atto The upper bound for integrating ERF. If omitted, ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit The value at which to evaluate the function

Upper_limit X

eering Functions
Syntax
=BESSELI(x,n) =BESSELJ(x,n) =BESSELK(x,n) =BESSELY(x,n) =BIN2DEC(Number) =BIN2HEX(Number,Places) =BIN2OCT(Number,Places) =COMPLEX(real_num,i_num,suffix)

=CONVERT(number,from_unit,to_unit) =DEC2BIN(Number) =DEC2HEX(Number) =DEC2OCT(Number) =DELTA(number1,number2) =ERF(lower_limit,upper_limit) =ERFC(x) =GESTEP(number,step) =HEX2BIN(Number,Places) =HEX2DEC(Number) =HEX2OCT(Number,Places) =IMABS(inumber)

=IMAGINARY(inumber)

=IMARGUMENT(inumber)

=IMCONJUGATE(inumber)

=IMCOS(inumber)

=IMDIV(inumber1,inumber2)

=IMEXP(inumber)

=IMLN(inumber)

=IMLOG10(inumber)

=IMLOG2(inumber)

=IMPOWER(inumber,number)

=IMPRODUCT(inumber1,inumber2,...)

=IMREAL(inumber)

=IMSIN(inumber)

=IMSQRT(inumber)

=IMSUB(inumber1,inumber2)

=IMSUM(inumber1,inumber2,...)

## =OCT2BIN(number,places) =OCT2DEC(number) =OCT2HEX(number,places)

g Function Arguments

" = slug; "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois); "u" = Atomic mass; "ozm" = ounces

atute Mile; "Nmi" = Nautical mile; "in" = inch; "ft" = foot; "yd" = yard; (1/72in) hr" = hour; "mn" = minute; "sec" = second = atmosphere; "mmHg" = mm of mercury ne; "lbf" = pound force c" Thermodynamic calorie; "cal" = IT calorie; "eV" = electron volt; = Watt-hour; "flb" = foot-pound; "BTU" = BTU = Watt Gauss lsius; "F" = degrees Fahrenheit; "K" = Kelvin on; "tbs" = tablespoon; "oz" = fluid ounce; "cup" = cup; t; "qt" = quart; "gal" = gallon; "l" = liter

c: "E" = 1E+18 = exa; "P" = 1E+15 = peta; "T" 1E+12 = tera; "G" = 1E+09 = 1E+03 = kilo; "h" = 1E+02 = hecto; "e" = 1E+01 = dekao; "d" = 1E-01 = E-03 = milli; "u" = 1E-06 = micro; "n" = 1E-09 = nano; "p" = 1E-12 = pico; "f" = o

ex number

mbers

ERF

aluates to a number

ex number

## ponent of the complex number. If omitted, suffix is assumed to be "i"

" = slug; "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois); "u" = Atomic mass; "ozm" = ounces

atute Mile; "Nmi" = Nautical mile; "in" = inch; "ft" = foot; "yd" = yard; (1/72in) hr" = hour; "mn" = minute; "sec" = second = atmosphere; "mmHg" = mm of mercury ne; "lbf" = pound force c" Thermodynamic calorie; "cal" = IT calorie; "eV" = electron volt; = Watt-hour; "flb" = foot-pound; "BTU" = BTU = Watt Gauss lsius; "F" = degrees Fahrenheit; "K" = Kelvin on; "tbs" = tablespoon; "oz" = fluid ounce; "cup" = cup; t; "qt" = quart; "gal" = gallon; "l" = liter

c: "E" = 1E+18 = exa; "P" = 1E+15 = peta; "T" 1E+12 = tera; "G" = 1E+09 = 1E+03 = kilo; "h" = 1E+02 = hecto; "e" = 1E+01 = dekao; "d" = 1E-01 = E-03 = milli; "u" = 1E-06 = micro; "n" = 1E-09 = nano; "p" = 1E-12 = pico; "f" = o ERF. If omitted, ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit

he function

Financial Functions
Name
ACCRINT ACCRINTM AMORDEGRC

Description
Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity Returns the depreciation for each accounting period using the French accounting system

AMORLINC

Returns the depreciation for each accounting period using the French accounting system

COUPDAYBS

Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlent date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date using the specified or default day counting basis

COUPDAYS

COUPDAYSNC

COUPNCD

Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, using the fixed declining balance method Returns the deoreciation of an asset for a specified period, using the double-declining balance method of some other method that is specified Returns the discount rate for a security using the specified or default day counting basis

COUPNUM

COUPPCD

CUMIPMT CUMPRINC DB

DDB

DISC

DOLLARDE

Converts a dollar price (expressed as a fraction) into a dollar price expressed as a decimal number

DOLLARFR

Converts a dollar price (expressed as a decimal number) into a dollar price expressed as a fraction Returns the Macauley duration of a security with periodic interest payments using the specified or default day counting basis

DURATION

EFFECT

Returns the effective annual interest rate of a given nominal rate with its compounding frequency Returns the future value of an investment Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the amount of the interest element in a payment for an investment for a given period

FV FVSCHEDULE

INTRATE

IPMT

## IRR ISPMT MDURATION

Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows Returns the interest associated with a specific loan payment Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100 using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the modified internal rate of return based on different finance and reinvestment rates for negative and positive cash flows

MIRR

NOMINAL

Returns the nominal rate equivalent to a given annual effective with a given compounding frequency for the nominal rate

NPER NPV

Returns the number of periods for an investment Returns the net present value of an investment based upon a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate where the first cash flow is received at the end of the first period

ODDFPRICE

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period using the specified or default day counting basis

ODDFYIELD

ODDLPRICE

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the periodic payment for an annuity Returns the amount of principal element in a payment for an investment for a given period

ODDLYIELD

PMT PPMT

PRICE

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the present value of an investment Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period. Returns the sum of years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period

PRICEDISC

PRICEMAT

SLN SYD

## TBILLEQ TBILLPRICE TBILLYIELD VDB

Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a treasury bill Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill Returns the yield for a treasury bill Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period using a variable declining balance method Returns the annual effective interest rate for a schedule of cash flows received at specified dates Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows received at specified dates

XIRR

XNPV

YIELD

Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest using the specified or default day counting basis

YIELDDISC

Returns the annual yield for a discounted security using the specified or default day counting basis. Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity using the specified or default day counting basis

YIELDMAT

## Financial Function Arguments

Argument
Basis (For Securities Functions) Cost Coupon Date_purchased Dates

Description
Year basis to be used: 0 or omitted 360 (NASD); 1 = Actual; 2 = 365; 3 = 360 (European) Cost of the asset The security's annual coupon rate Date of purchase of the asset. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number A schedule of payment dates that corresponds to the cash flow payments. The first payment date indicates the beginning of the schedule of payments. All other dates must be later than this date, but they may occur in any order A decimal number The security's discount rate The effective interest rate Last period number The rate at which the balance declines. If factor is omitted, it is assumed to be 2 (the double-declining balance method) The interest rate you pay on the money used in the cash flows The security's first coupon date A security's first interest date entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number Date of the end of the first period. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number The integer to use in the denominator of the fraction A number expressed as a fraction The number of coupon payments per year for a security. Future Value A number that you guess is close to the result of IRR

Decimal_dollar Discount Effect_rate End_period Factor Finance_rate First_coupon First_Interest First_period Fraction Fractional_dollar Frequency FV Guess

## Investment Issue Last_interest Life Maturity Month (For DB function) No_switch

The amount invested in the security A security's issue date entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number The security's last coupon date The number of periods over which the asset is being depreciated (sometimes called the useful life of the asset) The security's maturity date The number of months in the first year. If month is omitted, it is assumed to be 12 A logical value specifying whether to switch to straight-line depreciation when depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation.If TRUE, Excel does not switch to straight-line depreciation even when the depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation. FALSE or omitted, Excel switches to straightline depreciation when depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation

Nominal_rate Nper Npery Par Period Pmt Pr Principal PV Rate (For amortization functions) Rate (For Depreciation Functions) Rate (For NPV and XNPV) Rate (For Securities Functions) Redemption Reinvest_rate Salvage Schedule

The nominal interest rate The number of periods The number of compounding periods per year A security's par value. (Default = \$1,000) The number of the accounting period The payment made each period The security's price per \$100 face value The present value The Present Value The interest rate per period The rate of depreciation The discount rate A security's annual coupon rate The security's redemption value per \$100 face value The interest rate you receive on the cash flows as you reinvest them Salvage value at the end of the life of the asset An array of interest rates to apply

Settlement

A security's settlement date, which is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number First period number 0 = Payment in arrears; 1 = payment in advance A numeric value Second of 1 to n possible values (n=30 for AVERAGEA; n=29 for CHOOSE, NPV) An array or a reference to cells that contain numbers for which you want to calculate the internal rate of return. Values must contain at least one positive value and one negative value to calculate the internal rate of return. If an array or reference argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are ignored. A series of cash flows that corresponds to a schedule of payments in dates. The first payment is optional and corresponds to a cost or payment that occurs at the beginning of the investment. If the first value is a cost or payment, it must be a negative value. All succeeding payments are discounted based on a 365-day year. The series of values must contain at least one positive value and one negative value

Start_period Type (Amortization functions) Value1 Value2, Values (IRR and MIRR)

Yld

## The security's annual yield

ncial Functions
Syntax
=ACCRINT(Issue,First_Interest,Settlement,Rate, Par,Frequency,Basis) =ACCRINTM(Issue,Settlement,Rate,Par,Basis) =AMORDEGRC(Cost,Date_purchased,First_period, Salvage,Period,Rate,Basis)

=AMORLINC(Cost,Date_purchased,First_period, Salvage,Period,Rate,Basis)

=COUPDAYBS(settlement,maturity, frequency,basis)

=COUPDAYS(settlement,maturity, frequency,basis)

=COUPDAYSNC(settlement,maturity, frequency,basis)

=COUPNCD(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis)

=COUPNUM(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis)

=COUPPCD(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis)

## =CUMIPMT(rate,nper,pv,start_period,end_period, type) =CUMPRINC(rate,nper,pv,start_period,end_period, type) =DB(cost,salvage,life,period,month)

=DDB(cost,salvage,life,period,factor)

=DISC(settlement,maturity,pr,redemption,basis)

=DOLLARDE(fractional_dollar,fraction)

=DOLLARFR(decimal_dollar,fraction)

=DURATION(settlement,maturity,coupon,yld, frequency,basis)

=EFFECT(nominal_rate,npery)

=FV(rate,nper,pmt,pv,type) =FVSCHEDULE(principal,schedule)

=INTRATE(settlement,maturity,investment, redemption,basis)

=IPMT(rate,per,nper,pv,fv,type)

## =IRR(values,guess) =ISPMT(rate,per,nper,pv) =MDURATION(settlement,maturity,coupon,yld, frequency,basis)

=MIRR(values,finance_rate,reinvest_rate)

=NOMINAL(effect_rate,npery)

## =ODDFPRICE(settlement,maturity,issue, first_coupon,rate,yld,redemption, frequency,basis) =ODDFYIELD(settlement,maturity,issue, first_coupon,rate,pr,redemption, frequency,basis)

=ODDLPRICE(settlement,maturity,last_interest, rate,yld,redemption,frequency,basis)

=ODDLYIELD(settlement,maturity,last_interest, rate,pr,redemption,frequency,basis)

=PMT(rate,nper,pv,fv,type) =PPMT(rate,per,nper,pv,fv,type)

=PRICE(settlement,maturity,rate,yld,redemption, frequency,basis)

=PRICEDISC(settlement,maturity,discount, redemption,basis)

=PRICEMAT(settlement,maturity,issue,rate, yld,basis)

## =PV(rate,nper,pmt,fv,type) =RATE(nper,pmt,pv,fv,type,guess) =RECEIVED(settlement,maturity,investment, discount,basis)

=SLN(cost,salvage,life) =SYD(cost,salvage,life,per)

## =TBILLEQ(settlement,maturity,discount) =TBILLPRICE(settlement,maturity,discount) =TBILLYIELD(settlement,maturity,pr) =VDB(cost,salvage,life,start_period,end_period, factor,no_switch)

=XIRR(values,dates,guess)

=XNPV(rate,values,dates)

=YIELD(settlement,maturity,rate,pr,redemption, frequency,basis)

=YIELDDISC(settlement,maturity,pr,redemption, basis)

=YIELDMAT(settlement,maturity,issue,rate,pr, basis)

Function Arguments

te

## ntered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or umber

at corresponds to the cash flow payments. The first payment date indicates payments. All other dates must be later than this date, but they may occur

eclines. If factor is omitted, it is assumed to be 2 (the double-declining money used in the cash flows

on

urity

## as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function

ch the asset is being depreciated (sometimes called the useful life of the

## st year. If month is omitted, it is assumed to be 12

er to switch to straight-line depreciation when depreciation is greater than n.If TRUE, Excel does not switch to straight-line depreciation even when the declining balance calculation. FALSE or omitted, Excel switches to straighttion is greater than the declining balance calculation

## riods per year

= \$1,000)

eriod

ce value

per \$100 face value the cash flows as you reinvest them

## ife of the asset

ch is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer. n quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial

## s (n=30 for AVERAGEA; n=29 for CHOOSE, NPV)

hat contain numbers for which you want to calculate the internal rate of east one positive value and one negative value to calculate the internal rate e argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are

sponds to a schedule of payments in dates. The first payment is optional yment that occurs at the beginning of the investment. If the first value is a gative value. All succeeding payments are discounted based on a 365-day contain at least one positive value and one negative value

Lookup & Reference Functions Name ADDRESS AREAS Description To a ch dng chui vn bn. Tr v s vng tham chiu trong mt tham chiu. Mi vng tham chiu l mt ri rc hoc l mt dy lin tc trong bng tnh. Tr v mt gi tr ti v tr c ch nh trong dy gi tr. Returns the column number of the cell or a specified reference Returns the number of columns in an array or reference Looks in the top row of a table or array and returns the value of the indicated cell Creates a shortcut that opens a document on your hard drive, a server or the internet Alternative forms. Array form returns a value or array of values. Reference form returns a reference. Returns a reference indicated by a value provided as text Alternative forms. Vector form looks up values in a one row or column range and returns a value in a second one row or column range. Array form looks in the first row or column of an array for the specified value and returns a value from the same position in the last row or column of the array Returns the relative position of an item in an array that matches a specified value in a specified order Tr v tham chiu n mt vng no c tnh bng mt hoc dy bt u v khong cch vi s dng, ct c ch nh. Bn c th ch nh s dng, ct ca vng tham chiu tr v. Returns the row number of a reference Returns the number of rows in a reference Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation Transposes vertical or horizontal arrays. Entered as an array formula in same number of cells as array.

INDIRECT LOOKUP

MATCH

OFFSET

## ROW ROWS RTD TRANSPOSE

VLOOKUP

Locates a specified value in the leftmost column of a specified table, and returns the value in the same row from a specified column in the table Lookup & Reference Function Arguments

Argument A1 Abs_num Area_num Array Col_index_num Cols Column_num Friendly_name Height Index_num Link_location Lookup_array Lookup_value Lookup_vector Match_type

Description A logical value that specifies the A1 (TRUE) or R1C1 (FALSE) reference style The type of reference to return: 1 = Absolute; 2 = Abs Row / Rel Col; 3 = Rel Row / Abs Col; 4 = Relative Selects a range in reference from which to return the intersection of row_num and column_num An array or array formula, or a reference to a range of cells The column number in table_array from which the matching value must be returned The number of columns, to the left (-) or right (+), that you want the upper-left cell of the result to refer to Column number The jump text or numeric value that is displayed in the cell The height, in number of rows, that you want the returned reference to be. Height must be a positive number l v tr ca gi tr cn tr v. Nu index_num l 1 th hm tr v gi tr th nht, index_num l 2 th hm tr v gi tr th 2, The path and file name to the document to be opened as text A contiguous range of cells containing possible lookup values. Lookup_array must be an array or an array reference The value to be found A range that contains only one row or one column. The values in lookup_vector can be text, numbers, or logical values The number -1, 0, or 1. Match_type specifies how Microsoft Excel matches lookup_value with values in lookup_array: 1 = (default) largest value less than or equal to look_up value; 0 = first value to exactly equal lookup value -1 = smallest value greater than or equal to look_value The name of the ProgID of a registered COM automation add-in that has been installed on the local computer. Enclose the name in quotation marks A logical value that specifies whether you want to find an exact match or an approximate match. If TRUE = approximate match is returned FALSE = Exact Refers to another workbook (an external reference), l mt hoc nhiu vng tham chiu m bn cn m. Nu mun to a nhiu vng ri rc nhau vo cng thc th bn phn cch chng bng du phy. Cn phi t tt c cc vng a ch ny vo trong du ngoc n ngoi du ngoc n ca hm s.

## ProgID Range_lookup Ref_text Reference

Result_vector Row_index_num Row_num Rows Server Sheet_text Table_array Topic1 Topic2, Value1 Value2, Width

A range that contains only one row or column. It must be the same size as lookup_vector The row number in table_array from which the matching value will be returned Row number The number of rows, up (-) or down (+), that you want the upper-left cell to refer to Name of the server where the add-in should be run. If there is no server, and the program is run locally, leave the argument blank. Otherwise, enter quotation marks ("") around the server name tn trang bng tnh t trong du nhy kp. Nu b qua a ch tr v khng c tn trang bng tnh i km. A table of information in which data is looked up First of up to 28 parameters that together represent a unique piece of real-time data Second of up to 28 parameters that together represent a unique piece of real-time data A numeric value Second of 1 to n possible values (n=30 for AVERAGEA; n=29 for CHOOSE, NPV) The width, in number of columns, that you want the returned reference to be. Width must be a positive number

Pink

## Name Alan Bob Carol Name David Eric Fred

Age 18 17 20 Age 20 16 19

Green

Jan 10 20 30 40

50

## Bob Eric Alan Carol David

Jan 10 20 30 40 50

Holiday booking price list. People Weeks 1 2 3 1 500 600 700 2 300 400 500

Table 1 Name Alan Bob Carol David Eric Francis Gail Name : Value :

Jan 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Eric 77

## Feb 80 90 100 110 120 130 140

Table 2 Name David Eric Alan Bob Carol Francis Gail Name : Value :

Jan 40 50 10 20 30 60 70 Eric 77

## RangeToLookIn Alan Bob Carol David Eric Fred

RangeToPickFrom 5

Names Bob Alan David Carol Type a name to look for : The position of Alan is : Alan 2

Values 250 600 1000 4000 Type a value : Value position : 1000 3

Ascending 10 20 30 40 20 2

Descending 40 30 20 10 20 3

Ascending 10 20 30 40 20 2

Descending 40 30 20 10 20 #N/A

Ascending 10 20 30 40 20 2

Descending 40 30 20 10 20 3

## Bus 1 Bus 2 Bus 3 Bus 4 Bus 5

Bus Size 54 50 22 15 6

Exam Score 0 50 90 95

col 2 10 80 97

## Spare Ignition GearBox Engine Steering Ignition CYHead GearBox Engine

=VLOOKUP(D126,F114:I116,MATCH(C126,G113:I113,0)+1,TRUE)

## Unit Cost Table 2 1 3

Orders Table Item Brick Wood Glass Brick Wood Glass Units 100 200 150 225 50 500

STT

## M hng 1 HDD 2 CPU 3 CDR 4 HDD 5 CPU 6 USB HDD 5%

MH Thu

DANH MC HNG HA NHP KHU THNG 12 Thu 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.08 0.1 THU NHP KHU CPU 8%

STT

## M hng 1 HDD 2 CPU 3 CDW 4 HDD 5 CPU 6 USB

DANH MC HNG HA NHP KHU THNG 12 Tn hng a cng Chp ghi CD-Rom a cng Chp a cng USB BNG TN HNG M hng CDR CDW HDD USB CPU

\$J\$5 RC '[Cham cong]Bang luong '.\$J\$5 4 2 LCH THEO DI DCH CM TYPE A H5N1 Th Bc s trc 2 Bnh 3 Nhn 4 Ton 5 Hng 6 Dng 7 Hong CN Tr S bnh nhn 15 12 10 5 4 6 8 Err:502 Nhn 2

## p & Reference Functions Syntax =ADDRESS(Row_num,Column_num,Abs_num, A1,Sheet_text) =AREAS(reference)

=CHOOSE(index_num,value1,value2,...) =COLUMN(reference) =COLUMNS(array) =HLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array, row_index_num,range_lookup) =HYPERLINK(link_location,friendly_name) =INDEX(array,row_num,column_num) =INDEX(reference,row_num,column_num, area_num) =INDIRECT(ref_text,a1) =LOOKUP(lookup_value,lookup_vector, result_vector) =LOOKUP(lookup_value,array)

## =ROW(reference) =ROWS(array) =RTD(ProgID,server,topic1,[topic2],...) =TRANSPOSE(array)

=VLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array, col_index_num,range_lookup)

## s the A1 (TRUE) or R1C1 (FALSE) reference style

rn: / Rel Col; 3 = Rel Row / Abs Col; 4 = Relative from which to return the intersection of row_num and column_num

## _array from which the matching value must be returned

he left (-) or right (+), that you want the upper-left cell of the result

## lue that is displayed in the cell

ws, that you want the returned reference to be. Height must be a

## han or equal to look_value

registered COM automation add-in that has been installed on the name in quotation marks s whether you want to find an exact match or an approximate match. ch is returned FALSE = Exact (an external reference),

m chiu m bn cn m. Nu mun to a nhiu vng ri rc nhau ch chng bng du phy. Cn phi t tt c cc vng a ch ny oi du ngoc n ca hm s.

## or down (+), that you want the upper-left cell to refer to

e add-in should be run. If there is no server, and the program is run blank. Otherwise, enter quotation marks ("") around the server name du nhy kp. Nu b qua a ch tr v khng c tn trang bng

## lues (n=30 for AVERAGEA; n=29 for CHOOSE, NPV)

umns, that you want the returned reference to be. Width must be a

Err:504

Mar 97 69 45 51

## row 1 row 2 row 3 row 4 row 5

The row numbers are not needed. they are part of the illustration.

120 Type a month to look for : Which row needs to be picked out : The result is :

77 Feb 4 100

row 6

Feb 80 90 100 110 120 Type a month to look for : Type a name to look for : The result is :

## Mar 97 69 45 51 77 feb alan 100

day booking price list. People 3 250 300 350 How many weeks required : How many people in the party : Cost per person is : 4 200 250 300 2 4 250

Mar 97 69 45 51 77 28 73

Mar 51 77 97 69 45 28 73

Jan 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Type a Name in this cell : The Feb value for this person is :

## Feb 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 Eric 120

Mar 97 69 45 51 77 28 73

RangeToPickFrom 10

15

20

25

30

Carol 15

## Wrong Value 10 20 30 40 25 #N/A

Wrong Value 10 20 30 40 25 2

Wrong Value 40 30 20 10 25 2

23 50

## Pupil Score Grade 60 Pass 6 Fail 97 Distinction 89 Pass

col 3 20 90 69

col 4 30 100 45

col 5 40 110 51

col 6 50 120 77

Type a month to look for : Which column needs to be picked out : The result is :

Feb 4 100

Jan 10 20 30 40 50

Feb 80 90 100 110 120 Type a name to look for : Type a month to look for : The result is :

## Cost 50 600 1,200 275 70 290 500 1,200

Lookup Table GearBox Engine Steering Ignition CYHead Vauxhall 500 1000 250 50 300 Ford 450 1200 350 70 290 VW 600 800 275 45 310

## Discount Table Wood Glass 0% 0% 0% 6% 3% 12% 8% 5% 15%

Orders Table Unit Cost 2 1 3 2 1 3 Discount 6% 3% 12% 6% 0% 15% Total 188 194 396 423 50 1,275

NG HA NHP KHU THNG 12 Ngy nhp 12/1/2006 12/3/2006 12/5/2006 12/7/2006 12/8/2006 12/7/2006 THU NHP KHU CDR 7%

## S lng 20 50 70 100 200 500 USB 10%

NG HA NHP KHU THNG 12 Ngy nhp 12/1/2006 12/3/2006 12/5/2006 12/7/2006 12/8/2006 12/7/2006 BNG TN HNG Tn hng CD - Rom ghi CD-Rom a cng a cng USB Chp

## HEO DI DCH CM TYPE A H5N1 Dng tnh 1 0 2 3 2 0 1

T vong 0 0 1 0 1 0 0

Ghi ch

## CHNG TRNH CHUYN

TIN T GC M S TIN 1000

la 16200
Kt qu Kt lun

TIN T CHUYN VN

ng 1

Vit Nam

M M VN A

## Quc Gia M Vit Nam Anh

Tn n v la ng Bng

Tr gi 16200 1 28000

Bn ch :

Ct A CT B CT C CT D

M NC TN NC TN N V TR GI

Maths Functions
Name
ABS ACOS ACOSH ASIN

Description
Ly tr tuyt i ca mt s. Tnh arccosine hay nghch o cosin ca mt s. Gc tr v tnh bng radians c gi tr t 0 n Pi. Tnh nghch o cosin hyperbol ca mt s. S ny phi ln hn hoc bng 1. Tnh arcsin hay nghch o sin ca mt s. Arcsin l gc m sin ca n l mt s. Gc uc tr v o bng radian c gi tr t -pi/2 n pi/2. Tnh nghch o sin hyperbol ca mt s. S ny phi ln hn hoc bng 1. Tnh arctang hay nghch o tang ca mt s. Gc uc tr v o bng radian c gi tr t -pi/2 n pi/2. Tnh arctang hay nghch o tang c ch nh bi ta (x,y). Arctang l gc t trc x n ng thng c gc ta (0,0) v i qua im (x,y). Kt qu hm tr v o bng radians c gi tr t -pi/2 n pi/2. Tnh nghch o tang hyperbol ca mt s. S ny phi nm trong khong -1 n 1 (ngoi tr -1, 1). Lm trn mt s n bi s gn nht ca mt s c ch nh significance.

## ASINH ATAN ATAN2

ATANH CEILING

COMBIN++ COS COSH COUNTIF* DEGREES EVEN EXP FACT FACTDOUBLE FLOOR

Tnh t hp c chn t s phn t trong mi nhm. Tnh cosin ca mt gc. Tnh cosin hyperbol ca mt s. Counts the number of cells that meet the criteria specified in the argument Chuyn radians sang . Lm trn mt s n s nguyn chn gn nht. Tnh ly tha ca c s e = 2.71828182845904. Tnh giai tha ca mt s n! = 1*2*3*...*n Tnh giai tha cp 2 ca mt s. Lm trn mt s theo hng xung, tin n zero n bi s gn nht ca significance.

GCD

## INT LCM LN LOG LOG10 MDETERM MINVERSE MMULT MOD**

Lm trn mt s xung s nguyn gn nht. Tm bi s chung nh nht ca mt hoc nhiu s nguyn. Bi s chung nh nht l s nh nht m n chia ht cho tt c cc s. Tnh logarit t nhin ca mt s (c s l e = 2.71828182845904). Tnh logarit ca mt s vi c s do bn ch nh. Tnh logarit c s 10 ca mt s. Tnh nh thc ca mt ma trn vung Tm ma trn nghch o ca mt ma trn vung. Tm ma trn tch ca 2 ma trn, hai mng Ly phn d sau khi chia mt s cho s chia. Kt qu tr v cng du vi s chia.

MROUND

## Lm trn mt s n bi s ca mt s khc do bn ch nh.

MULTINOMIAL ODD PI

Tnh t l gia giai tha tng v tch giai tha cc s. Lm trn mt s n s nguyn l gn nht. Tr v s pi chnh xc n 15 s : 3.141592653589790

## POWER PRODUCT QUOTIENT RADIANS RAND

Tnh ly tha ca mt s. Tnh tch s ca cc s. Ly phn nguyn ca php chia Chuyn sang radians. Tr v mt s ngu nhin ln hn hoc bng 0 v nh hn 1. Tr v mt s mi khi trang bng tnh c tnh ton li. Tr v mt s ngu nhin nguyn nm trong khong gi tr do bn ch nh Chuyn mt s dng rp sang s La M, dng text. Lm trn mt s n phn k s do bn a ra..

ROUNDDOWN

ROUNDUP

SERIESSUM SIGN

## SIN SINH SQRT SQRTPI SUBTOTAL

Tnh sin ca mt gc. Tnh sin hyperbol ca mt s. Tnh cn bc 2 ca mt s Tnh cn bc 2 ca mt s nhn vi pi Tnh tng ph trong mt danh sch trong danh sch hoc CSDL. Ngi ta thng dng menu Data - Subtotals to mt danh sch c tng ph. Tnh tng tt c cc s trong dy s. Tng c iu kin Nhn cc phn t tng ng trong cc mng vi nhau v tr v tng ca chng. Tnh tng ca bnh phng cc s Tnh tng ca hiu bnh phng cc phn t tng ng trong 2 mng gi tr

## SUMX2PY2 SUMXMY2 TAN TANH TRUNC

Tnh tng ca tng bnh phng cc phn t tng ng trong 2 mng gi tr Tnh tng ca bnh phng hiu cc phn t tng ng trong 2 mng gi tr Tnh tang ca mt gc. Tnh tang hyperbol ca mt s. Ct phn thp phn ca mt s thnh s nguyn hoc s thp phn m khng lm trn

Notes:

* See also COUNT, COUNTA and FREQUENCY (Statistical) and COUNTBLANK (Information) and DCOUNT and DCOUNTA (Database) ** The Excel MOD function uses a different definition of MOD to that used by VBA Mod function insofar as negative numbers are concerned.
++

## Maths Function Arguments

Argument
Angle Array Array_x Array_y Array1 (SUMPRODUCT) Array2 (SUMPRODUCT) Array3, Base Bottom Coefficients Criteria Denominator Divisor Form Function_num

Description
The angle in radians An array or array formula, or a reference to a range of cells The first array or range of values The second array or range of values A cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) A second cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) A third cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) The base of the logarithm. If base is omitted, it is assumed to be 10 The smallest integer to be returned A set of coefficients by which each successive power of x is multiplied. The number of values in coefficients determines the number of terms in the power series The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify The divisor The number by which you want to divide number A number specifying the type of roman numeral you want; 0 (Default) = Classic; 1-4 Progressively simplified; TRUE = Classic; FALSE = Most Simplified The number 1 to 11 that specifies which function to use in calculating subtotals within a list: 1 = AVERAGE; 2 = COUNT; 3 = COUNTA; 4 = MAX; 5 = MIN; 6 = PRODUCT; 7 = STDEV; 8 = STDEVP; 9 = SUM; 10 = VAR; 11 = VARP The step by which to increase n for each term in the series The multiple to which you want to round number The order of the function Specifies the number of digits to which you want to round number: 0 = Integer; -numbers = to left of decimal; +numbers = to right of decimal A number or expression that evaluates to a number The number of items The first number Second of up to 30 numbers. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas

## M Multiple N Num_digits Number Number_chosen Number1 Number2,

Numerator Power Range Ref1 Ref2, Significance Sum_range Top X X_num Y_num

The dividend The exponent to which the base number is raised A range First of up to 29 ranges or references for which you want the subtotal Second of up to 29 ranges or references for which you want the subtotal The multiple to which you want to round The actual cells to sum The largest integer to be returned The value at which to evaluate the function The x-coordinate of the point The y-coordinate of the point

Raised Up 3 2

1.9 20 25 40

2 30 30 60

## Original ValueEvenly Rounded 1 2 1.2 2 2.3 4 25 26

Number 3 3.5 5 10 11

## Number 1.5 2.3 10.75 -1.48

Integer 1 2 10 -2

Number 12 20 18 9 24

Divisor 5 7 3 2 7

Remainder 2 6 0 1 3

3.9

3.14159265358979

## Area 78.54 1963.50

Number 3 3 5 5

Power 2 4 2 4

Result 9 81 25 625

## Area 78.54 1963.50 Product 6 50 210 6300

Numbers 2 5 3 3 10 7

## Number 1.48 1.48 1.48 13643.48 13643.48 13643.48

Places To Round 0 1 2 -1 -2 -3

## Number 1.48 1.48 1.48 13643.48 13643.48 13643.48

Places To Round 0 1 2 -1 -2 -3

## Number 1.48 1.48 1.48 13643.48 13643.48 13643.48

Places To Round 0 1 2 -1 -2 -3

## Value 10 20 0 -10 -20

Positive or Negative 1 1 0 -1 -1

## Name Alan Bob Carol

Jan 10 10 10

Feb 10 10 10

Item Brakes

Date 1-Jan-98

Tyres Brakes Service Service Window Tyres Tyres Clutch Total cost of all Brakes bought. Total cost of all Tyres bought. Total of items costing 100 or above. Total of item typed in following cell.

Sold 5 2 3

## Truncated Number 1 1.4 1.47 -1.4 -1.47 13640 13600 13000

CNG THC GII THCH 4 0 0 90 0.88 45 45 0.55 21000 6 -0.5 1.54 1 180 0 14 14 2.72 1.65 1 120 15 Tr v 5!! = 5*3*1 = 15 8 Tr v 4!! = 4*2 = 8 9 Tr v 9. V bi s gn nht ca 1.5 l 9 1 0.5 -2 90 18 2.3 10 3.32 5 Ma trn A 1 4 3 2 5 4 5 6 2

## #VALUE! =MDETERM(A373:C376) 11 =MDETERM(A373:C375) Ma trn B 2 3 3 1 3 4 4 2 4 3

20 (Bi s gn nht ca 5 l 20) 3003 15 9 3.14 1024 700 835 Tr v s ngu nhin t 500 n 1000 33.33 33 30 25.59 25.58 25.59 25.59 Tng ca bnh phng hiu cc phn t y 5 10 10 5 20 15 Kt qu 75 x Tng ca cc tng bnh phng y 5 10 10 5 20 15 875 Tng ca cc hiu bnh phng y 5 10 10 5 20 15 175 125 Bng k bn hng S lng n gi 3 4 2 44000000 Doanh thu thng 12 12000000 250000 3500000

Kt qu

Kt qu

## Tn hng My lnh Tosiba Bn l Philips T lnh Sanyo Tng cng

Tn hng S tin Ghi ch Monitor 15000000 CPU 20000000 CD-ROM 4000000 Tng cng 39000000

ths Functions
Syntax
=ABS(Number) =ACOS(Number) =ACOSH(Number) =ASIN(Number)

## =ASINH(Number) =ATAN(Number) =ATAN2(x_num,y_num)

=ATANH(Number) =CEILING(number,significance)

=COMBIN(number,number_chosen) =COS(Number) =COSH(Number) =COUNTIF(range,criteria) =DEGREES(angle) =EVEN(Number) =EXP(Number) =FACT(Number) =FACTDOUBLE(number) =FLOOR(number,significance)

=GCD(number1,number2, ...)

=INT(Number) =LCM(number1,number2, ...) =LN(Number) =LOG(Number,base) =LOG10(Number) =MDETERM(array) =MINVERSE(array) =MMULT(array1,array2) =MOD(number,divisor)

=MROUND(number,multiple)

## =RANDBETWEEN(bottom,top) =ROMAN(number,form) =ROUND(number,num_digits)

=ROUNDDOWN(number,num_digits)

=ROUNDUP(number,num_digits)

=SERIESSUM(x,n,m,coefficients) =SIGN(number)

## on of MOD to that used by VBA Mod function insofar as negative numbers

unction Arguments

## eference to a range of cells

lues

with SUMPRODUCT)

p to 30 with SUMPRODUCT)

o 30 with SUMPRODUCT)

se is omitted, it is assumed to be 10

ned

ch successive power of x is multiplied. The number of values in coefficients in the power series

## the conditions you specify

to divide number

roman numeral you want; 0 (Default) = Classic; 1-4 Progressively simplified; Simplified

es which function to use in calculating subtotals within a list: 1 = AVERAGE; MAX; 5 = MIN; 6 = PRODUCT; 7 = STDEV; 8 = STDEVP; 9 = SUM; 10 =

o round number

## which you want to round number: 0 = Integer; -numbers = to left of decimal;

aluates to a number

number is raised

## ferences for which you want the subtotal

o round

he function

0.02

2.05

8.3

Mar 10 10 10

Qtr1 30 30 30

Apr 20 20 20

May 20 20 20

Jun 20 20 20

Qtr2 60 60 60

Cost 80

25 80 150 300 50 200 100 250 160 325 1000 service 450

Bottles In Case 10 10 6 12 12

Jul 30 30 30

Aug 30 30 30

Sep 30 30 30

Qtr3 90 90 90

Oct 40 40 40

Nov 40 40 40

Dec 40 40 40

## Total 300 300 300

Statistical Functions
Name
AVEDEV

Description
Tnh bnh qun phn cc tuyt i t gi tr trung bnh ca chng. AVEDEV dng o bin thin ca dy s liu. Tnh trung bnh cng ca cc i s. Tnh trung bnh cng ca cc i s v chp nhn c gi tr logic TRUE, FALSE trong dy s. Returns the cumulative beta probability density function Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability Returns the one-tailed probability of the chisquared distribution Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution Returns the value from the chi-squared (2) distribution for the statistic and the appropriate degrees of freedom Returns the confidence interval for a population mean Returns the correlation coefficient between two arrays of data m s d liu kiu s trong vng tham chiu.

AVERAGE AVERAGEA

## CONFIDENCE CORREL COUNT*

COUNTA* COVAR

m s c d liu (khng phi l rng) trong vng tham chiu. Returns covariance; the average of the products of deviations for each data point pair

CRITBINOM

Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value Returns the sum of the squares of the deviations from the sample mean Returns the exponential distribution Returns the F probability distribution Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution Returns the Fisher transformation at x

## DEVSQ EXPONDIST FDIST FINV FISHER

FISHERINV FORECAST

Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation Calculates a predicted value of y for a given x value based on known values for x and y

FREQUENCY*

Counts how often values occur within given ranges of values and returns those counts as a vertical array of numbers Returns the result of an F-test; the one-tailed probability that the variances in array1 and array2 are not significantly different

FTEST

## GAMMADIST GAMMAINV GAMMALN GEOMEAN GROWTH

Returns the gamma distribution Returns the inverse of the gamma distribution Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function (x). Returns the geometric mean of an array or range of positive data Calculates predicted exponential growth and returns the y-values for a series of specified new x-values by using known x-values and yvalues Returns the harmonic mean of a data set by calculating the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of reciprocals Returns the hypergeometric distribution by calculating the probability of a given number of sample successes, given the sample size, population successes, and population size

HARMEAN

HYPGEOMDIST

INTERCEPT

Calculates from given x and y values the point at which a line will intersect the y-axis

KURT

Returns the kurtosis of a data set; a measure that compares the relative peakedness or flatness of a distribution compared with the normal distribution Returns the kth largest value in a data set Entered as an array formula, LINEST returns an array that describes a line of best fit by using the least squares method Entered as an array formula, LOGEST calculates an exponential curve that fits known data and returns an array of values that describes that curve

LARGE LINEST

LOGEST

Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution function of x, where ln(x) is normally distributed with given probability, mean, and standard deviation Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution of x, where ln(x) is normally distributed with known mean and standard deviation

LOGNORMDIST

## MAX MAXA MEDIAN MIN MINA MODE NEGBINOMDIST

Tr v gi tr ln nht ca dy s. Tr v gi tr ln nht ca cc gi tr k c kiu s, ch, logic. Returns the median of the given numbers Tr v gi tr nh nht ca dy s. Tr v gi tr nh nht ca cc gi tr k c kiu s, ch, logic. Returns the most common value in a data set Returns the negative binomial distribution; the probability that there will be number_f failures before the number_s-th success, when the constant probability of a success is probability_s Returns the cumulative distribution function or probability mass function for the value x with specified mean and standard deviation Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution for the specified probability, mean, and standard deviation Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution function. The distribution has a mean of 0 and a standard deviation of 1 Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient Returns the kth percentile of values in a range Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects that can be selected from a number of objects without replacement

NORMDIST

NORMINV

NORMSDIST

POISSON

## Returns the Poisson distribution

PROB

Returns either the probability that values in a range are between two limits or if upper_limit is not specified, the probability that values in x_range are equal to lower_limit

## QUARTILE RANK RSQ

Returns the quartile of a data set Tm v th ca mt s trong dy s. Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient through data points in known_y's and known_x's Returns the skewness of a distribution Returns the slope (vertical distance / horizontal distance) of the linear regression line through data points in known_y's and known_x's

SKEW SLOPE

SMALL STANDARDIZE

Returns the kth smallest value in a data set Returns a normalized value from a distribution with known mean and standard_dev

## STDEV STDEVA STDEVP STDEVPA STEYX TDIST

Estimates standard distribution based on a sample ignoring text and logical values Estimates standard deviation based on a sample including text and logical values Calculates standard distribution based on the entire population ignoring text and logical values Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population including text and logical values Returns the standard error of the predicted yvalue for each x in the regression Returns the probability for the Student tdistribution where a numeric value (x) is a calculated value of t for which the probability is to be computed Returns the t-value of the Student's tdistribution based on given probability and degrees of freedom Entered as an array formula, TREND fits a straight line using the least squares method to arrays of known_y's and known_x's and returns the y-values along that line for the array of specified new_x's Calculates the mean by excluding a specified percentage of data points from the top and bottom tails of a data set Returns the probability associated with a student's t-test

TINV

TREND

TRIMMEAN

TTEST

## VAR VARA VARP VARPA WEIBULL ZTEST

Estimates variance based on a sample ignoring logical values and text Estimates variance based on a sample including text and logical values Calculates variance based on the entire population ignoring text and logical values Calculates variance based on the entire population including text and logical values Returns the Weibull distribution Returns the two-tailed P-value of a z-test * See also COUNTIF (Maths) and COUNTBLANK (Information) and DCOUNT and DCOUNTA (Database) ** See also COMBIN function (Maths)

Notes:

## Statistical Function Arguments

Argument
A Actual_range Alpha Array Array1 (PEARSON function) Array2 (PEARSON function) B Beta Bins_array Const

Description
An optional lower bound to the interval of x The range of data that contains observations to test against expected values A parameter of a distribution An array or array formula, or a reference to a range of cells A set of independent values A set of dependent values An optional lower bound to the interval of y A parameter of a distribution An array of or reference to intervals into which you want to group the values A logical value specifying whether to force the constant b to equal 1: TRUE or omitted, b is calculated normally; FALSE, b is set equal to 1 and the m-values are adjusted so that y = m^x The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify A logical value that determines the form of the function An array of or reference to a set of values The number of degrees of freedom

## Criteria Cumulative Data_array Degrees_freedom

Degrees_freedom1 Degrees_freedom2 Expected_range K Known_x's Known_y's Lambda Lower_limit Mean Mean (LOGNORMDIST and LOGINV) New_x's Number_chosen Number_population Number_s Number_sample Number1 Number2, Order Percent Population_s Prob_range Probability Probability_s Quart Range

The numerator degrees of freedom The denominator degrees of freedom The range of data that contains the ratio of the product of row totals and column totals to the grand total Is the position in the array or cell range of data to return The independent array or range of data The dependent array or range of data The parameter value The lower bound for integrating ERF The arithmetic mean The mean of ln(x). new x-values for which you want GROWTH to return corresponding y-values The number of items The population size The number of successes in trials The size of the sample The first number Second of up to 30 numbers. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas A number specifying how to rank number; 0 or omitted = descending; non-zero = ascending The fractional number of data points to exclude from the calculation The number of successes in the population A set of probabilities associated with values in x_range A probability associated with the distribution The probability of success on each trial Indicates which value to return: 0 = minimum value; 1 = 1st Quartile (25th Percentile); 2 = 2nd Quartile; 3 = 3rd Quartile; 4 = Maximum value A range

## Ref Sample_s Sigma Significance Size Standard_dev

An array of, or a reference to, a list of numbers The number of successes in the sample The population (known) standard deviation. If omitted, the sample standard deviation is used The multiple to which you want to round The sample size The population standard deviation for the data range

Standard_dev (LOGNORMDIST and The standard deviation of ln(x). LOGINV) Stats Tails Trials Type (TTEST function) Upper_limit Value1 Value2, X X_range Z A logical value specifying whether to return additional regression statistics TRUE returns additional statistics Specifies the number of distribution tails to return. If tails = 1, TDIST returns the one-tailed distribution. If tails = 2, TDIST returns the two-tailed distribution The number of independent trials The kind of t-Test to perform; 1 = Paired; 2 = Two-sample equal variance (homoscedastic); 3 = Two-sample unequal variance (heteroscedastic) The upper bound for integrating ERF. If omitted, ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit A numeric value Second of 1 to n possible values (n=30 for AVERAGEA; n=29 for CHOOSE, NPV) The value at which to evaluate the function The range of numeric values of x with which there are associated probabilities The value for which you want the distribution

Temp Rain

Mon 30 0 Mon 30 0

Tue

Temp Rain

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

## Entries To Be Counted 20 0 -20 1-Jan-88 21:30 0.99 Hello #DIV/0!

30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

## Entries To Be Counted 20 0 -20 1-Jan-88 21:30 0.59 Hello #DIV/0!

30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30

800

100

25-Dec-98

31-Mar-98

## Feb 6,000 7,000 2,000 4,000 7,000

Value1 20 2000 10

Value2 50 1000 20

Value3 10 10 40

Value1 20 20

Value2 40 20

Value3 30 40

800

100

25-Dec-98

31-Mar-98

## Feb 6,000 7,000 2,000 4,000 2,000

BNG IM TNG KT STT H 1 Nguyn Vn 2 L Vn 3 Nguyn Hu 4 Phm Hng 5 Hunh Tn 6 V Th Thu 7 Trn Th Kim 8 V Th Thu 9 Vn 10 Phan Thanh Tn nh Bnh Chnh Dng Dng Hng Kiu Loan Minh Quang

stical Functions
Syntax
=AVEDEV(Number1,Number2,)

=AVERAGE(Number1,Number2,) =AVERAGEA(Value1,Value2,)

## =COUNTA(value1,value2, ...) =COVAR(array1,array2)

=CRITBINOM(trials,probability_s,alpha)

## =DEVSQ(number1,number2,...) =EXPONDIST(x,lambda,cumulative) =FDIST(x,degrees_freedom1, degrees_freedom2) =FINV(probability,degrees_freedom1, degrees_freedom2) =FISHER(x)

=FISHERINV(y) =FORECAST(x,known_y's,known_x's)

=FREQUENCY(data_array,bins_array)

=FTEST(array1,array2)

## =GAMMADIST(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) =GAMMAINV(probability,alpha,beta) =GAMMALN(x) =GEOMEAN(number1,number2, ...) =GROWTH(known_y's,known_x's,new_x's,const)

=HARMEAN(number1,number2, ...)

=HYPGEOMDIST(sample_s,number_sample, population_s,number_population)

=INTERCEPT(known_y's,known_x's)

=KURT(number1,number2, ...)

=LARGE(array,k) =LINEST(known_y's,known_x's,const,stats)

=LOGEST(known_y's,known_x's,const,stats)

=LOGNORMDIST(x,mean,standard_dev)

## =MAX(number1,number2,...) =MAXA(value1,value2,...) =MEDIAN(number1,number2, ...) =MIN(number1,number2,...) =MINA(value1,value2,...) =MODE(number1,number2,...) =NEGBINOMDIST(number_f,number_s, probability_s)

=NORMDIST(x,mean,standard_dev,cumulative)

=NORMINV(probability,mean,standard_dev)

=NORMSDIST(z)

## =NORMSINV(probability) =PEARSON(array1,array2) =PERCENTILE(array,k) =PERCENTRANK(array,x,significance) =PERMUT(number,number_chosen)

=POISSON(x,mean,cumulative)

=PROB(x_range,prob_range,lower_limit, upper_limit)

## =QUARTILE(array,quart) =RANK(number,ref,order) =RSQ(known_y's,known_x's)

=SKEW(number1,number2,...) =SLOPE(known_y's,known_x's)

=SMALL(array,k) =STANDARDIZE(x,mean,standard_dev)

## =STDEV(number1,number2,...) =STDEVA(value1,value2,...) =STDEVP(number1,number2,...) =STDEVPA(value1,value2,...) =STEYX(known_y's,known_x's) =TDIST(x,degrees_freedom,tails)

=TINV(probability,degrees_freedom)

=TREND(known_y's,known_x's,new_x's,const)

=TRIMMEAN(array,percent)

=TTEST(array1,array2,tails,type)

## (Information) and DCOUNT and DCOUNTA (Database)

Function Arguments

nterval of x

nterval of y

## vals into which you want to group the values

er to force the constant b to equal 1: d normally; FALSE, b is set equal to 1 and the m-values are adjusted so that

## he form of the function of values

om

om

edom

the ratio of the product of row totals and column totals to the grand total

f data

ERF

ls

## k number; 0 or omitted = descending; non-zero = ascending

oints to exclude from the calculation population with values in x_range distribution

ach trial

o round

## er to return additional regression statistics TRUE returns additional statistics

ion tails to return. If tails = 1, TDIST returns the one-tailed distribution. If tailed distribution

= Paired; 2 = Two-sample equal variance (homoscedastic); 3 = Two-sample tic) ERF. If omitted, ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit

he function

## x with which there are associated probabilities

e distribution

Wed 32 0 Wed 32 0

Thu 29 4 Thu 29 4

Fri 26 6 Fri 26 6

Sat 28 3 Sat 28 3

Sun 27 1 Sun 27 1

## Average 28.67 2.33 Average 28.67 2.33

Count 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2

Count 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3

120

250

Maximum 800

27-Dec-98

## Region Max 6,000 7,000 10,000 12,000

Value4 30 20 40

Value5 40 8000 40

Median 30 1000 40

Value4 10 20

Median 25 20

120

250

27-Dec-98

4-Jul-98

## Region Min 4,500 3,000 2,000 4,000

BNG IM TNG KT Ngy sinh 1/1/1990 5/10/1991 5/6/1990 7/2/1990 4/6/1991 8/3/1990 12/8/1990 11/6/1991 12/12/1990 12/11/1990

## TB 6.7 5.6 4.5 7.5 8 6.5 6.5 6.2 5.6 4.5

V th 3 7 9 2 1 4 4 6 7 9

Text Functions
Name
ASC

Description
Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters Converts a number to Thai text and adds a suffix of "Baht" Chuyn i mt m s trong b m ANSI c min gi tr t 1 - 255 sang k t tng ng

BAHTTEXT CHAR

CLEAN

Xa nhng k t khng hin th v in c trong Worksheet c a t cc ng dng khc. Tr v m s ca k t u tin trong chui k t Dng kt ni cc chui vn bn thnh mt chui Converts a number to text, using currency format Checks to see whether two text values are identical Tm chui find_text bn trong chui within_text, v tr v v tr bt u ca within_text trong find_text. Finds one text value within another (case sensitive) based on the number of bytes each character uses. Chuyn i mt s sang dng vn bn (text) ng thi lm trn n vi s s thp phn c ch nh. Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters. Trch bn tri mt chui mt hoc nhiu k t da vo s k t m bn ch nh. Returns the first character or characters in a text string, based on the number of bytes you specify. Tnh di (s k t) ca mi chui. Returns the number of bytes used to represent the characters in a text string i tt c cc k t trong chui sang ch thng Trch mt chui con t mt chui text, bt u t v tr start_num vi s k t c ch nh num_chars Returns a specific number of characters from a text string, starting at the position you specify, based on the number of bytes specified

FINDB FIXED

JIS

LEFT LEFTB

PHONETIC

## PROPER REPLACE REPLACEB

Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value Thay th mt phn ca chui text bng mt chui khc da vo s k t bn ch nh. Replaces part of a text string, based on the number of bytes you specify, with a different text string.

## REPT RIGHT RIGHTB

Lp li mt chui vi s ln do bn a ra. Trch bn phi mt chui vn bn mt hoc nhiu k t da vo s k t m bn ch nh. Returns the last character or characters in a text string, based on the number of bytes you specify Tr v v tr u tin ca k t cn tm bn trong chui.

SEARCH

SEARCHB

Finds one text string (find_text) within another text string (within_text), and returns the number of the starting position of find_text. The result is based on the number of bytes each character uses, beginning with start_num

SUBSTITUTE

Thay th mt chui c th bn trong chui bng chui khc. Dng SUBSTITUTE khi mun thay th mt chui c th. Tr v chui nu gi tr c tham chiu l mt chui. Chuyn mt gi tr s sang vn bn vi kiu nh dng s c ch nh. Xa tt c cc k t trng ca chui tr nhng khang n dng lm khang cch bn trong chui. Chuyn tt c cc k t trong chui thnh k t hoa. i chui text i din cho mt s thnh d liu kiu s Converts a number to text, using the (yen) currency format, with the number rounded to a specified place

T TEXT TRIM

## Text Function Arguments

Argument
Decimals Find_text Format_text

Description
The number of digits to the right of the decimal point. If decimals is negative, number is rounded to the left of the decimal point. If you omit decimals, it is assumed to be 2 The text you want to find A number format in text form from in the Category box on the Number tab in the Format Cells dialog box

Instance_num

Specifies which occurrence of old_text you want to replace with new_text. If you specify instance_num, only that instance of old_text is replaced. Otherwise, every occurrence of old_text in text is changed to new_text

## New_text No_commas Num_bytes Num_chars Number Number_times Old_text Reference

The text that will replace characters in old_text A logical value that, if TRUE, prevents FIXED from including commas in the returned text The number of bytes you want to extract The number of characters you want to extract A number or expression that evaluates to a number A positive number specifying the number of times to repeat text Text in which you want to replace some characters Reference to a cell or range of cells and can refer to multiple areas. If you want to specify several references as a single argument, then you must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not interpret the comma as a field separator The character at which to start the search Text or a reference to a cell that contains the text you want to change First item of text Second item of text Second of up to 30 items of text A value or an expression that evaluates to a value The text containing the text you want to find

## Original Number 10 10 10 10 10.25 10.25 10.25 10.25

Converted To Text \$10.00 \$10 \$10.0 \$10.00 \$10.25 \$10 \$10.3 \$10.25

65 66 169

A B

## Letter A B C a b c Alan Bob Carol

ANSI Code 65 66 67 97 98 99 65 66 67

## Name 2 Jones Williams Davies Jones Williams Davies

Concatenated Text AlanJones BobWilliams CarolDavies Alan Jones Williams, Bob Davies, Carol

## Name 2 Jones Williams Davies Jones Williams Davies

Concatenated Text AlanJones BobWilliams CarolDavies Alan Jones Williams, Bob Davies, Carol

## Text Letter To Find Hello e Hello H Hello o Alan Williams a

Position Of Letter 2 1 5 3

a T

11 #VALUE!

## Original Number 10 10 10 10 10.25 10.25 10.25 10.25 1000 1000.23 1000.23

Converted To Text 10.00 10 10.0 10.00 10.25 10 10.3 10.25 1,000.00 1,000 1000

## Text Alan Jones Bob Smith Carol Williams Cardiff ABC123

Length 10 9 14 7 6

## Original Text Carol Williams

Carol Williams

Upper Case Text Lower Case ALAN JONES alan jones BOB SMITH bob smith CAROL WILLIAMS carol williams CARDIFF cardiff ABC123 abc123

Original Text Proper alan jones Alan Jones bob smith Bob Smith caRol wILLIAMSCarol Williams cardiff Cardiff ABC123 Abc123

## Original Text ABCDEFGH ABCDEFGH ABCDEFGH ABCDEFGH

Start Position 2 2 2 2

Characters To Replace 1 5 1 5

## Clock Hour ||||||||||||||||| 17 Minute | 01

Second |||||||||||||||||||||||||||| 28 =REPT("|",HOUR(NOW()))&" "&TEXT(HOUR(NOW()),"00") =REPT("|",MINUTE(NOW()))&" "&TEXT(MINUTE(NOW()),"00") =REPT("|",SECOND(NOW()))&" "&TEXT(SECOND(NOW()),"00") Number Of Characters Required 1 2 3 6 4

Original Text Alan Jones Alan Jones Alan Jones Cardiff ABC123

## Right String s es nes ardiff C123

Full Name Second Name Alan Jones Jones Bob Smith Smith Carol Williams Williams

Old Text Original Text To Remove ABCDEF CD ABCDABCD CD Northern Region Region Sand and Cement and

## New Text To Insert hello hello Area &

Old Text Original Text To Remove ABCABCABC ABC Sand and Cement and

## New Text To Insert hello &

Old Text Original Text To Remove Northern Region Region Northern region Region Northern Region region Northern Region Region Northern Region region

Region region

Result Hello

## Converted To Text 10.00 10.00 10 10 10.3 10.3

Original Text Trimmed Text ABCD ABCD A B C D ABCD Alan Jones Jones Alan ABCD ABCD

Original Text Upper Case alan jones ALAN JONES bob smith BOB SMITH carOl wiLLiamS CAROL WILLIAMS cardiff CARDIFF abc123 ABC123

Text Containing A Number Value Annual turnover was 5000 Err:502 There was a 2% increase in sales. #VALUE! There was a 50% increase in sales. #VALUE! A 100% increase was achieved. #VALUE! Only a 2% increase in sales. #VALUE! Approx 50% increase in sales. #VALUE! There was a 100% increase in sales. #VALUE!

The winning time was 1:30 seconds. The winning time was 1:30 seconds. The winning time was 10:30 seconds.

Cng thc

## Tn hng Monitor CPU CD-ROM Tng cng

Doanh thu thng 12 S tin Ghi ch 15000000 20000000 4000000 39000000 Cng thc Gii thch 39000000 \$ Tr v 39000000 \$

ext Functions
Syntax
=ASC(Text)

=BAHTTEXT(number) =CHAR(Number)

=CLEAN(text)

## =CODE(text) =CONCATENATE (text1,text2,...) =DOLLAR(number,decimals) =EXACT(text1,text2) =FIND(find_text,within_text,start_num)

=FINDB(find_text,within_text,start_num) =FIXED(number,decimals,no_commas)

=JIS(text)

=LEFT(text,num_chars) =LEFTB(text,num_bytes)

## =LEN(text) =LENB(text) =LOWER(text) =MID(text,start_num,num_chars) =MIDB(text,start_num,num_bytes)

=PHONETIC(reference)

## =REPT(text,number_times) =RIGHT(text,num_chars) =RIGHTB(text,num_bytes)

=SEARCH(find_text,within_text,start_num)

=SEARCHB(find_text,within_text,start_num)

## =UPPER(text) =VALUE(text) =YEN(number,decimals)

unction Arguments

of the decimal point. If decimals is negative, number is rounded to the left of cimals, it is assumed to be 2

m in the Category box on the Number tab in the Format Cells dialog box

d_text you want to replace with new_text. If you specify instance_num, only ced. Otherwise, every occurrence of old_text in text is changed to new_text

ters in old_text

## events FIXED from including commas in the returned text

o extract

want to extract

aluates to a number

## e number of times to repeat text

e some characters

ells and can refer to multiple areas. If you want to specify several references must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not eparator

## he search contains the text you want to change

aluates to a value

want to find

## Updated Text ABhelloEF ABhelloABhello Northern Area S& & Cement

Instance To Be Replaced 3 2

## Updated Text ABCABChello Sand & Cement

Updated Text Northern Area Northern region Northern Region Northern area Northern Region

area area

#VALUE!

## COMPLETE LIST OF FUNCTION ARGUMENTS

Argument
A A1 Abs_num Actual_range Alpha Angle Area_num Argument1, Array Array_x Array_y Array1 (PEARSON function) Array1 (SUMPRODUCT) Array2 (PEARSON function) Array2 (SUMPRODUCT) Array3, B Base Basis (For Securities Functions) Basis (For YEARFRAC)

Description
An optional lower bound to the interval of x A logical value that specifies the A1 (TRUE) or R1C1 (FALSE) reference style The type of reference to return: 1 = Absolute; 2 = Abs Row / Rel Col; 3 = Rel Row / Abs Col; 4 = Relative The range of data that contains observations to test against expected values A parameter of a distribution The angle in radians Selects a range in reference from which to return the intersection of row_num and column_num The arguments to be passed to the procedure An array or array formula, or a reference to a range of cells The first array or range of values The second array or range of values A set of independent values A cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) A set of dependent values A second cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) A third cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) An optional lower bound to the interval of y The base of the logarithm. If base is omitted, it is assumed to be 10 The type of day count basis to use: 0 or omitted = US(NASD) 30/360 1 = Actual / Actual; 2 = Actual / 360; 3 = Actual / 365; 4 = European 30/360 The type of day count basis to use: 0 or omitted = US(NASD) 30/360; 1 = Actual / Actual; 2 = Actual / 360; 3 = Actual / 365; 4 = European 30/360 Year basis to be used: 0 or omitted 360 (NASD); 1 = Actual; 2 = 365; 3 = 360 (European) A parameter of a distribution An array of or reference to intervals into which you want to group the values

## Bottom Coefficients Col_index_num Col_names_logical

The smallest integer to be returned A set of coefficients by which each successive power of x is multiplied. The number of values in coefficients determines the number of terms in the power series The column number in table_array from which the matching value must be returned Indicates whether column names are returned as the first row of the results. TRUE if the column names to be returned as the first row of the results. FALSE if column names not wanted. If column_names_logical is omitted, SQL.REQUEST does not return column names The number of columns, to the left (-) or right (+), that you want the upper-left cell of the result to refer to Column number Supplies information, such as the data source name, user ID, and passwords, required by the driver being used to connect to a data source and must follow the driver's format A logical value specifying whether to force the constant b to equal 1: TRUE or omitted, b is calculated normally FALSE, b is set equal to 1 and the m-values are adjusted so that y = m^x Cost of the asset The security's annual coupon rate The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify A logical value that determines the form of the function An array of or reference to a set of values The name, enclosed in quotation marks, for the data field that contains the data The range of cells that makes up the list or database Date of purchase of the asset. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number A date enclosed in quotation marks that is in a date text form acceptable to Excel. Note that acceptable date forms vary with system and Excel settings. A schedule of payment dates that corresponds to the cash flow payments. The first payment date indicates the beginning of the schedule of payments. All other dates must be later than this date, but they may occur in any order A number representing the day of the month. If day is greater than the number of days in the month specified, day aggregates the month and year arguments appropriately and day represents the balance after this aggregation The number of nonweekend and nonholiday days before or after start_date. A positive value for days yields a future date; a negative value yields a past date A decimal number The number of digits to the right of the decimal point. If decimals is negative, number is rounded to the left of the decimal point. If you omit decimals, it is assumed to be 2 The number of degrees of freedom The numerator degrees of freedom

Cols Column_num Connection_string Const Cost Coupon Criteria Cumulative Data_array Data_field Database Date_purchased Date_text Dates

Day

## Days Decimal_Dollar Decimals Degrees_freedom Degrees_freedom1

Degrees_freedom2 Denominator Discount Divisor Driver_prompt Effect_rate End_Date End_Period Error_val Expected_range Factor Field Field1, Item1 Field2, Item2, File_text Finance_rate Find_Text First_coupon First_Interest First_Period Form Format_text Fraction Fractional_Dollar Frequency

The denominator degrees of freedom The divisor The security's discount rate The number by which you want to divide number Specifies when the driver dialog box is displayed and which options are available The effective interest rate The last date as an acceptable date in inverted commas or as a serial number Last period number The error value whose identifying number you want: 1 = #Null!; 2 = #Div/0!; 3 = #Value!; 4 = #Ref!; 5 = #Name?; 6 = #N/A The range of data that contains the ratio of the product of row totals and column totals to the grand total The rate at which the balance declines. If factor is omitted, it is assumed to be 2 (the double-declining balance method) Indicates which column is used in the function as text in inverted commas or as number of field One of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data Second of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data The name of the file that contains the code resource in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh The interest rate you pay on the money used in the cash flows The text you want to find The security's first coupon date A security's first interest date entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number Date of the end of the first period. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number A number specifying the type of roman numeral you want; 0 (Default) = Classic; 1-4 Progressively simplified; TRUE = Classic; FALSE = Most Simplified A number format in text form from in the Category box on the Number tab in the Format Cells dialog box The integer to use in the denominator of the fraction A number expressed as a fraction The number of coupon payments per year for a security.

## Friendly_name From_unit(1) From_unit(2)

The jump text or numeric value that is displayed in the cell A unit of measurement: Weight & Mass: "g" = gram; "sg" = slug; "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois); "u" = Atomic mass; "ozm" = ounces (avoirdupois) Distance: "m" = meter; "mi" = Statute Mile; "Nmi" = Nautical mile; "in" = inch; "ft" = foot; "yd" = yard; "ang" = Angstrom; "pica" = pica (1/72in) Time: "yr" = year; "day" = day; "hr" = hour; "mn" = minute; "sec" = second Pressure: "pa" = Pascal; "atm" = atmosphere; "mmHg" = mm of mercury Force: "N" = Newton; "dyn" = dyne; "lbf" = pound force Energy: "J" = Joule; "e" = erg; "c" Thermodynamic calorie; "cal" = IT calorie; "eV" = electron volt; "HPh" = horsepower-hour; "Wh" = Watt-hour; "flb" = foot-pound; "BTU" = BTU Power: "HP" = horsepower; "W" = Watt Magnetism: "T" = Tesler; "ga" = Gauss Temperature: "C" = degrees Celsius; "F" = degrees Fahrenheit; "K" = Kelvin Liquid Measure: "tsp" = teaspoon; "tbs" = tablespoon; "oz" = fluid ounce; "cup" = cup; "pt" = US Pint; "UK_pt" = UK pint; "qt" = quart; "gal" = gallon; "l" = liter

From_unit(3)

Prefix Abbreviations for metric: "E" = 1E+18 = exa; "P" = 1E+15 = peta; "T" 1E+12 = tera; "G" = 1E+09 = giga; "M" = 1E+06 = mega; "k" = 1E+03 = kilo; "h" = 1E+02 = hecto; "e" = 1E+01 = dekao; "d" = 1E-01 = deci; "c"=1E-02 = centi; "m" = 1E-03 = milli; "u" = 1E-06 = micro; "n" = 1E-09 = nano; "p" = 1E-12 = pico; "f" = 1E-15 = femto; "a" = 1E-18 = atto A logical value; FALSE = currency specific rounding rules, TRUE = full precision The number 1 to 11 that specifies which function to use in calculating subtotals within a list: 1 = AVERAGE; 2 = COUNT; 3 = COUNTA; 4 = MAX; 5 = MIN; 6 = PRODUCT; 7 = STDEV; 8 = STDEVP; 9 = SUM; 10 = VAR; 11 = VARP Future Value A number that you guess is close to the result of IRR The height, in number of rows, that you want the returned reference to be. Height must be a positive number An optional range of one or more dates to exclude from the working calendar. The list can be either a range of cells that contains the dates or an array constant of the serial numbers that represent the dates

Full_precision Function_num

## Hour I_num I_number Index_num

A number from 0 to 32767 representing the hour. Any value greater than 23 will be divided by 24 and the remainder will be treated as the hour value Imaginary coefficient of the complex number A complex number Specifies which value argument is selected. Index_num must be a number between 1 and 29, or a formula or reference to a cell containing a number between 1 and 29

Info_type

A text value that specifies what type of cell information you want: "Address" = first cell in reference "Col" = First column number in reference "Color" Returns 1 for negative colored, 0 otherwise "Contents" = Value of upper left cell in reference "Format" = Text value corresponding to number format "Prentheses" = Returns 1 for parenthese for positive or all values, 0 otherwise "Prefix" = Text value corresponding to label prefix "Protect" = returns 0 if unlucked, 1 if locked "Row" = First row number in reference "Type" = Text value for type of data; b for blank, l for label, v for value "Width" = Column width rounded to nearest integer

Instance_num

Specifies which occurrence of old_text you want to replace with new_text. If you specify instance_num, only that instance of old_text is replaced. Otherwise, every occurrence of old_text in text is changed to new_text

Inumber INumber1 INumber2 INumber2 Investment Issue Item1 Item2, K Known_x's Known_y's Lambda Last_interest Life Link_location Logical Logical_test Logical1

A complex number First Complex number Second Complex The second of 1-29 complex numbers The amount invested in the security A security's issue date entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number One of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data Second of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data Is the position in the array or cell range of data to return The independent array or range of data The dependent array or range of data The parameter value The security's last coupon date The number of periods over which the asset is being depreciated (sometimes called the useful life of the asset) The path and file name to the document to be opened as text A value or expression that can be evaluated to TRUE or FALSE Any value or expression that can be evaluated to TRUE or FALSE Condition to be tested. Argument must evaluate to a logical value or be arrays or references that contain logical values

Logical2, Lookup_array Lookup_value Lookup_vector Lower_limit M Match_type Maturity Mean Mean (LOGNORMDIST and LOGINV) Method Minute Module_text Month (For DB function) Month (For DATE function) Month (For DB function) Months Multiple N New_text New_x's No_commas No_switch

Second of up to 30 conditions you want to test that can be either TRUE or FALSE A contiguous range of cells containing possible lookup values. Lookup_array must be an array or an array reference The value to be found A range that contains only one row or one column. The values in lookup_vector can be text, numbers, or logical values The lower bound for integrating ERF The step by which to increase n for each term in the series The number -1, 0, or 1. Match_type specifies how Microsoft Excel matches lookup_value with values in lookup_array: 1 = (default) largest value less than or equal to look_up value Thefirst value to exactly equal lookup value 0 = security's maturity date -1 = smallest value greater than or equal to look_value The arithmetic mean The mean of ln(x). FALSE or omitted = US (NASD) 30/360 method; TRUE = European 30/360 method A number from 0 to 32767 representing the minute. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours and minutes Quoted text specifying the name of the dynamic link library (DLL) that contains the procedure in Microsoft Excel for Windows The number of months in the first year. If month is omitted, it is assumed to be 12 A number representing the month of the year. If month is greater than 12, month adds that number of months to the first month in the year specified The number of months in the first year. If month is omitted, it is assumed to be 12 The number of months before or after start_date The multiple to which you want to round number The order of the function The text that will replace characters in old_text new x-values for which you want GROWTH to return corresponding y-values A logical value that, if TRUE, prevents FIXED from including commas in the returned text A logical value specifying whether to switch to straight-line depreciation when depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation.If TRUE, Excel does not switch to straight-line depreciation even when the depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation. FALSE or omitted, Excel switches to straightline depreciation when depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation

Nominal_rate

## The nominal interest rate

Nper Npery Num_bytes Num_chars Num_digits Number Number_chosen Number_f Number_population Number_s Number_sample Number_times Number1 Number2 Number2, Numerator Old_text Order Output_ref Par Per Percent Period Pivot_table Places

The number of periods The number of compounding periods per year The number of bytes you want to extract The number of characters you want to extract Specifies the number of digits to which you want to round number: 0 = Integer; -numbers = to left of decimal; +numbers = to right of decimal A number or expression that evaluates to a number The number of items The number of failures The population size The number of successes in trials The size of the sample A positive number specifying the number of times to repeat text The first number The second number Second of up to 30 numbers. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas The dividend Text in which you want to replace some characters A number specifying how to rank number; 0 or omitted = descending; non-zero = ascending A cell reference where you want the completed connection string placed A security's par value. (Default = \$1,000) The period for which you want to find the interest The fractional number of data points to exclude from the calculation The number of the accounting period A reference to any cell, range of cells, or named range of cells in a PivotTable report The number of characters to use. If places is omitted, Excel uses the minimum number of characters necessary

Pmt Population_s Power Pr Principal Prob_range Probability Probability_s Procedure ProgID PV Quart Query_text Range Range_lookup Rate (For amortization functions) Rate (For Depreciation Functions) Rate (For NPV and XNPV) Rate (For Securities Functions) Real_num Redemption Ref Ref_text Ref1 Ref2,

The payment made each period The number of successes in the population The exponent to which the base number is raised The security's price per \$100 face value The present value A set of probabilities associated with values in x_range A probability associated with the distribution The probability of success on each trial Text specifying the name of the function in the DLL. You can also use the ordinal value of the function from the EXPORTS statement in the module-definition file (.DEF). The name of the ProgID of a registered COM automation add-in that has been installed on the local computer. Enclose the name in quotation marks The Present Value Indicates which value to return: 0 = minimum value; 1 = 1st Quartile (25th Percentile); 2 = 2nd Quartile; 3 = 3rd Quartile; 4 = Maximum value The SQL statement that you want to execute on the data source A range A logical value that specifies whether you want to find an exact match or an approximate match. If TRUE = approximate match is returned FALSE = Exact The interest rate per period The rate of depreciation The discount rate A security's annual coupon rate The real coefficient of the complex number The security's redemption value per \$100 face value An array of, or a reference to, a list of numbers Refers to another workbook (an external reference), First of up to 29 ranges or references for which you want the subtotal Second of up to 29 ranges or references for which you want the subtotal

Reference

Reference to a cell or range of cells and can refer to multiple areas. If you want to specify several references as a single argument, then you must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not interpret the comma as a field separator The value returned by a previously executed REGISTER or REGISTER.ID function The interest rate you receive on the cash flows as you reinvest them The name of the code resource in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh. You can also use the resource ID number. The resource ID number must not be in the form of text A range that contains only one row or column. It must be the same size as lookup_vector A number that determines the type of return value: 1 (or omitted) 1 = Sunday; 2 = 1 = Monday; 3 = 0 = Monday A number that determines on which day the week begins; 1 (or omitted) = starts Sunday nums 1 to 7; 2 = starts Monday nums 1 to 7 The row number in table_array from which the matching value will be returned Row number The number of rows, up (-) or down (+), that you want the upper-left cell to refer to Salvage value at the end of the life of the asset The number of successes in the sample An array of interest rates to apply A number from 0 to 32767 representing the second. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours, minutes, and seconds An Excel date / time serial number. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other formulas or functions. The Excel date serial number varies according to setting of 1900 or 1904 date system in Tools > Options > Calculation. A date / time serial number. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other formulas or functions Name of the server where the add-in should be run. If there is no server, and the program is run locally, leave the argument blank. Otherwise, enter quotation marks ("") around the server name A security's settlement date, which is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number Text specifying the name of the worksheet to be used as the external reference. If sheet_text is omitted, no sheet name is used The population (known) standard deviation. If omitted, the sample standard deviation is used The multiple to which you want to round The sample size

Register_id Reinjvest_rate Resource Result_vector Return_type (WEEKDAY only) Return_type (WEEKNUM only) Row_index_num Row_num Rows Salvage Sample_s Schedule Second Serial_num

## Sheet_text Sigma Significance Size

Source

A three-letter string, or reference to a cell containing the string, corresponding to the ISO code for the source currency Belgium - franc - BEF Luxembourg - franc - LUF Germany - deutche mark - DEM Spain - peseta - ESP France - franc - FRF Ireland - pound - IEP Italy - lira - ITL Netherlands - guilder - NLG Austria - schilling - ATS Portugal - escudo - PTE Finland - markka -FIM Euro member states - euro - EUR Others may be added later: Denmark - krone - DKK Greece - drachma - GRD Sweden - krona - SEK UK - pound sterling - GBP

Standard_dev

## The population standard deviation for the data range

Standard_dev (LOGNORMDIST and The standard deviation of ln(x). LOGINV) Start_date Start_num Start_Period Stats Step Suffix Sum_range Table_array Tails Target The first date as an acceptable date in inverted commas or as a serial number The character at which to start the search First period number A logical value specifying whether to return additional regression statistics TRUE returns additional statistics The threshold value. If you omit a value for step, GESTEP uses zero The suffix for the imaginary component of the complex number. If omitted, suffix is assumed to be "i" The actual cells to sum A table of information in which data is looked up Specifies the number of distribution tails to return. If tails = 1, TDIST returns the one-tailed distribution. If tails = 2, TDIST returns the two-tailed distribution A three-letter string, or reference to a cell containing the string, corresponding to the ISO code for the source currency Belgium - franc - BEF Luxembourg - franc - LUF Germany - deutche mark - DEM Spain - peseta - ESP France - franc - FRF Ireland - pound - IEP Italy - lira - ITL Netherlands - guilder - NLG Austria - schilling - ATS Portugal - escudo - PTE Finland - markka -FIM Euro member states - euro - EUR Others may be added later: Denmark - krone - DKK Greece - drachma - GRD Sweden - krona - SEK UK - pound sterling - GBP

## Text Text1 Text2 Text2, Time_text To_unit(1)

Text or a reference to a cell that contains the text you want to change First item of text Second item of text Second of up to 30 items of text A text string enclosed in quotation marks that represents a time in any one of the Excel time formats A unit of measurement

To_unit(2)

Weight & Mass: "g" = gram; "sg" = slug; "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois); "u" = Atomic mass; "ozm" = ounces (avoirdupois) Distance: "m" = meter; "mi" = Statute Mile; "Nmi" = Nautical mile; "in" = inch; "ft" = foot; "yd" = yard; "ang" = Angstrom; "pica" = pica (1/72in) Time: "yr" = year; "day" = day; "hr" = hour; "mn" = minute; "sec" = second Pressure: "pa" = Pascal; "atm" = atmosphere; "mmHg" = mm of mercury Force: "N" = Newton; "dyn" = dyne; "lbf" = pound force Energy: "J" = Joule; "e" = erg; "c" Thermodynamic calorie; "cal" = IT calorie; "eV" = electron volt; "HPh" = horsepower-hour; "Wh" = Watt-hour; "flb" = foot-pound; "BTU" = BTU Power: "HP" = horsepower; "W" = Watt Magnetism: "T" = Tesler; "ga" = Gauss Temperature: "C" = degrees Celsius; "F" = degrees Fahrenheit; "K" = Kelvin Liquid Measure: "tsp" = teaspoon; "tbs" = tablespoon; "oz" = fluid ounce; "cup" = cup; "pt" = US Pint; "UK_pt" = UK pint; "qt" = quart; "gal" = gallon; "l" = liter

To_unit(3)

Prefix Abbreviations for metric: "E" = 1E+18 = exa; "P" = 1E+15 = peta; "T" 1E+12 = tera; "G" = 1E+09 = giga; "M" = 1E+06 = mega; "k" = 1E+03 = kilo; "h" = 1E+02 = hecto; "e" = 1E+01 = dekao; "d" = 1E-01 = deci; "c"=1E-02 = centi; "m" = 1E-03 = milli; "u" = 1E-06 = micro; "n" = 1E-09 = nano; "p" = 1E-12 = pico; "f" = 1E-15 = femto; "a" = 1E-18 = atto The largest integer to be returned First of up to 28 parameters that together represent a unique piece of real-time data Second of up to 28 parameters that together represent a unique piece of real-time data The number of independent trials An integer equal to or greater than 3 that specifies the number of significant digits to be used for the intermediate euro value when converting between two euro member currencies 0 = Payment in arrears; 1 = payment in advance The kind of t-Test to perform; 1 = Paired; 2 = Two-sample equal variance (homoscedastic); 3 = Two-sample unequal variance (heteroscedastic) Text specifying the data type of the return value and the data types of all arguments to the DLL or code resource Text that specifies what type of information you want returned: "directory" = Path of current directory of folder; "memavail" = Amount of currently available memory in bytes; "memused" = Amount of memory being used for data; "numfile" = number of active worksheets in open workbooks; "origin" = cell reference of top leftmost cell visible in window, based on current scrolling position; "osversion" = current operating system version, as text; "recalc" = current recalculation mode; "release" = version of Excel; "system" = name of the operating environment (Mac or pcdos); "totmem" = total memory available

Top Topic1 Topic2, Trials Triangulation_precision Type (Amortization functions) Type (TTEST function) Type_text (CALL function) Type_text (INFO function)

## Unit Upper_limit Value Value_If_False

"y" = years; "m" = months; "d" = days; "md" = days ignoring months and years; "ym" = years and months; "yd" = years and days The upper bound for integrating ERF. If omitted, ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit A value or an expression that evaluates to a value The value that is returned if logical_test is FALSE

## Value_If_True Value1 Value2, Values Values (IRR and MIRR)

The value that is returned if logical_test is TRUE A numeric value Second of 1 to n possible values (n=30 for AVERAGEA; n=29 for CHOOSE, NPV) An array or a reference to cells that contain numbers An array or a reference to cells that contain numbers for which you want to calculate the internal rate of return. Values must contain at least one positive value and one negative value to calculate the internal rate of return. If an array or reference argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are ignored. A series of cash flows that corresponds to a schedule of payments in dates. The first payment is optional and corresponds to a cost or payment that occurs at the beginning of the investment. If the first value is a cost or payment, it must be a negative value. All succeeding payments are discounted based on a 365-day year. The series of values must contain at least one positive value and one negative value

## Width Within_Text X x_Num X_range y_Num Year Yld Z

The width, in number of columns, that you want the returned reference to be. Width must be a positive number The text containing the text you want to find The value at which to evaluate the function The x-coordinate of the point The range of numeric values of x with which there are associated probabilities The y-coordinate of the point The year number as one to four digits The security's annual yield The value for which you want the distribution

OF FUNCTION ARGUMENTS

the procedure

## eference to a range of cells

lues

with SUMPRODUCT)

p to 30 with SUMPRODUCT)

o 30 with SUMPRODUCT)

nterval of y

se is omitted, it is assumed to be 10

## vals into which you want to group the values

ned

ch successive power of x is multiplied. The number of values in coefficients in the power series

## ay from which the matching value must be returned

s are returned as the first row of the results. TRUE if the column names to e results. FALSE if column names not wanted. If column_names_logical is ot return column names

eft (-) or right (+), that you want the upper-left cell of the result to refer to

e data source name, user ID, and passwords, required by the driver being e and must follow the driver's format

er to force the constant b to equal 1: d normally he m-values are adjusted so that y = m^x

te

## ntered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or umber

rks that is in a date text form acceptable to Excel. Note that acceptable date el settings.

at corresponds to the cash flow payments. The first payment date indicates payments. All other dates must be later than this date, but they may occur

of the month. If day is greater than the number of days in the month onth and year arguments appropriately and day represents the balance after

d nonholiday days before or after start_date. A positive value for days yields ields a past date

of the decimal point. If decimals is negative, number is rounded to the left of cimals, it is assumed to be 2

om

om

edom

## g number you want: ue!; 4 = #Ref!; 5 = #Name?; 6 = #N/A

the ratio of the product of row totals and column totals to the grand total

## n the function as text in inverted commas or as number of field

mes and item names that describe the data names and item names that describe the data

ns the code resource in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh money used in the cash flows

## d. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number al number

roman numeral you want; 0 (Default) = Classic; 1-4 Progressively simplified; Simplified

m in the Category box on the Number tab in the Format Cells dialog box

on

## hat is displayed in the cell

" = slug; "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois); "u" = Atomic mass; "ozm" = ounces

atute Mile; "Nmi" = Nautical mile; "in" = inch; "ft" = foot; "yd" = yard; (1/72in) hr" = hour; "mn" = minute; "sec" = second = atmosphere; "mmHg" = mm of mercury ne; "lbf" = pound force c" Thermodynamic calorie; "cal" = IT calorie; "eV" = electron volt; = Watt-hour; "flb" = foot-pound; "BTU" = BTU = Watt Gauss lsius; "F" = degrees Fahrenheit; "K" = Kelvin on; "tbs" = tablespoon; "oz" = fluid ounce; "cup" = cup; t; "qt" = quart; "gal" = gallon; "l" = liter

c: "E" = 1E+18 = exa; "P" = 1E+15 = peta; "T" 1E+12 = tera; "G" = 1E+09 = 1E+03 = kilo; "h" = 1E+02 = hecto; "e" = 1E+01 = dekao; "d" = 1E-01 = E-03 = milli; "u" = 1E-06 = micro; "n" = 1E-09 = nano; "p" = 1E-12 = pico; "f" = o

## cy specific rounding rules, TRUE = full precision

es which function to use in calculating subtotals within a list: COUNTA; 4 = MAX; 5 = MIN; 6 = PRODUCT; 7 = STDEV; 8 = STDEVP; 9

## e to the result of IRR

hat you want the returned reference to be. Height must be a positive number

e dates to exclude from the working calendar. The list can be either a range r an array constant of the serial numbers that represent the dates

senting the hour. Any value greater than 23 will be divided by 24 and the hour value

plex number

is selected. Index_num must be a number between 1 and 29, or a formula a number between 1 and 29

ype of cell information you want: e eference olored, 0 otherwise cell in reference nding to number format renthese for positive or all values, 0 otherwise ding to label prefix 1 if locked erence ata; b for blank, l for label, v for value d to nearest integer

d_text you want to replace with new_text. If you specify instance_num, only ced. Otherwise, every occurrence of old_text in text is changed to new_text

mbers

urity

## as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function

mes and item names that describe the data names and item names that describe the data

## l range of data to return of data

f data

ch the asset is being depreciated (sometimes called the useful life of the

## 30/360 method; TRUE = European 30/360 method

senting the minute. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours

e of the dynamic link library (DLL) that contains the procedure in Microsoft

## st year. If month is omitted, it is assumed to be 12

th of the year. If month is greater than 12, month adds that number of year specified

## st year. If month is omitted, it is assumed to be 12

r after start_date

o round number

ters in old_text

## events FIXED from including commas in the returned text

er to switch to straight-line depreciation when depreciation is greater than n.If TRUE, Excel does not switch to straight-line depreciation even when the declining balance calculation. FALSE or omitted, Excel switches to straighttion is greater than the declining balance calculation

## riods per year

o extract

want to extract which you want to round number: 0 = Integer; -numbers = to left of decimal;

aluates to a number

ls

## ou can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of as

e some characters

k number; 0 or omitted = descending; non-zero = ascending the completed connection string placed

= \$1,000)

ce value

## with values in x_range distribution

ach trial

function in the DLL. You can also use the ordinal value of the function from module-definition file (.DEF).

gistered COM automation add-in that has been installed on the local quotation marks

## nt to execute on the data source

ether you want to find an exact match or an approximate match. If TRUE = FALSE = Exact

## ex number per \$100 face value

list of numbers

external reference),

## ferences for which you want the subtotal

ells and can refer to multiple areas. If you want to specify several references must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not eparator

sly executed REGISTER or REGISTER.ID function the cash flows as you reinvest them

in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh. You can also use the resource ID er must not be in the form of text

## pe of return value: 1 (or omitted) 1 = Sunday; 2 = 1 = Monday; 3 = 0 =

hich day the week begins; 1 (or omitted) = starts Sunday nums 1 to 7; 2 =

## ife of the asset sample

senting the second. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours,

ber. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of Excel date serial number varies according to setting of 1900 or 1904 date culation.

## es should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other

dd-in should be run. If there is no server, and the program is run locally, wise, enter quotation marks ("") around the server name

ch is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer. n quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial

## d deviation. If omitted, the sample standard deviation is used

o round

e to a cell containing the string, corresponding to the ISO code for the source

bourg - franc - LUF Germany - deutche mark - DEM - franc - FRF Ireland - pound - IEP Italy - lira - ITL ustria - schilling - ATS Portugal - escudo - PTE member states - euro - EUR Sweden - krona - SEK

ce - drachma - GRD

he search

## ponent of the complex number. If omitted, suffix is assumed to be "i"

ata is looked up

ion tails to return. If tails = 1, TDIST returns the one-tailed distribution. If tailed distribution

e to a cell containing the string, corresponding to the ISO code for the source

bourg - franc - LUF Germany - deutche mark - DEM - franc - FRF Ireland - pound - IEP Italy - lira - ITL ustria - schilling - ATS Portugal - escudo - PTE member states - euro - EUR Sweden - krona - SEK

ce - drachma - GRD

## contains the text you want to change

on marks that represents a time in any one of the Excel time formats

" = slug; "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois); "u" = Atomic mass; "ozm" = ounces

atute Mile; "Nmi" = Nautical mile; "in" = inch; "ft" = foot; "yd" = yard; (1/72in) hr" = hour; "mn" = minute; "sec" = second = atmosphere; "mmHg" = mm of mercury ne; "lbf" = pound force c" Thermodynamic calorie; "cal" = IT calorie; "eV" = electron volt; = Watt-hour; "flb" = foot-pound; "BTU" = BTU = Watt Gauss lsius; "F" = degrees Fahrenheit; "K" = Kelvin on; "tbs" = tablespoon; "oz" = fluid ounce; "cup" = cup; t; "qt" = quart; "gal" = gallon; "l" = liter

c: "E" = 1E+18 = exa; "P" = 1E+15 = peta; "T" 1E+12 = tera; "G" = 1E+09 = 1E+03 = kilo; "h" = 1E+02 = hecto; "e" = 1E+01 = dekao; "d" = 1E-01 = E-03 = milli; "u" = 1E-06 = micro; "n" = 1E-09 = nano; "p" = 1E-12 = pico; "f" = o

## hat together represent a unique piece of real-time data

an 3 that specifies the number of significant digits to be used for the onverting between two euro member currencies

## = Paired; 2 = Two-sample equal variance (homoscedastic); 3 = Two-sample tic)

the return value and the data types of all arguments to the DLL or code

nformation you want returned: ctory of folder; y available memory in bytes; y being used for data; rksheets in open workbooks; ftmost cell visible in window, based on current scrolling position; system version, as text; mode;

## g environment (Mac or pcdos); ble

days; "md" = days ignoring months and years; "ym" = years and months; ERF. If omitted, ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit aluates to a value

cal_test is FALSE

cal_test is TRUE

## hat contain numbers

hat contain numbers for which you want to calculate the internal rate of east one positive value and one negative value to calculate the internal rate e argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are

sponds to a schedule of payments in dates. The first payment is optional yment that occurs at the beginning of the investment. If the first value is a gative value. All succeeding payments are discounted based on a 365-day contain at least one positive value and one negative value

s, that you want the returned reference to be. Width must be a positive

want to find

he function

## x with which there are associated probabilities

digits

e distribution

Database Functions
Name
DAVERAGE DCOUNT* DCOUNTA* DGET DMAX DMIN DPRODUCT DSTDEV

Description
Returns the average of selected list or database entries based on specified criteria

Syntax
=DAVERAGE(database,field,criteria)

Counts the cells containing numbers from a =DCOUNT(database,field,criteria) specified database that match specified criteria Counts non blank cells from a specified =DCOUNTA(database,field,criteria) database that match specified criteria criteria Extracts from a specified database a single =DGET(database,field,criteria) value that matches specified criteria Extracts maximum number in a column of a list or database that matches specified conditions Extracts minimum number in a column of a list or database that matches specified conditions Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the specified criteria in a database Estimates standard deviation of a population based on a sample using numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified conditions Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population using numbers in a column of a list or database that match Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the specified criteria Estimates the variance of a population based on a sample by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified Calculates the variance of a population based on the entire population by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified criteria =DMAX(database,field,criteria) =DMIN(database,field,criteria) =DPRODUCT(database,field,criteria) =DSTDEV(database,field,criteria)

## =DSTDEVP(database,field,criteria) =DSUM(database,field,criteria) =DVAR(database,field,criteria) =DVARP(database,field,criteria)

Notes:

* See also COUNT, COUNTA and FREQUENCY (Statistical) and COUNTIF (Maths) and COUNTBLANK (Information)

## Database Function Arguments

Argument
Database Field Criteria

Description
The range of cells that makes up the list or database Indicates which column is used in the function as text in inverted commas or as number of field The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by Hnh thc in Tin Tin Ch s trc Ch s sau s dng tiu th in cng t Sn xut Kinh doanh Tiu dng Sn xut Tiu dng Tiu dng Kinh doanh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 200 150 600 101 50 300 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

## Ch h TT ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 Vn Bnh Khnh Doanh Lan Thu Qung

Ch : 1/ Tin cng t tnh nh sau : H Sn xut : 20000 /thng H Kinh doanh : 10000 /thng H Tiu dng : 5000 /thng 2/ Gi in : H Sn xut : 2000 /s H Kinh doanh : 800 /s H Tiu dng : 500 /s

## Loi S h Sn xut ? Kinh doanh ? Tiu dng ?

3/ Tng s tin = Tin in+Tin cng t Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by p): 2

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by TT 1 ? ? ? ? ? Tn Hng Bnh Vn Bnh Doanh Loan Ngy sinh 1/30/1978 8/21/1974 ### 8/16/1977 12/5/1976 9/18/1977 Tui GT Nam N N Nam Nam N Ton 4 6 8 9 5 5 Tin 7 8 9 10 8 4 Trung bnh ? ? ? ? ? ?

? ?

## 4/23/1968 5/1/1973 2/26/1971 5/12/1975

Nam N Nam N

9 3 6 10

6 5 7 8

? ? ? ?

Ch : 1/ Tui tnh n ngy Hm nay ( 365 ngy mi tnh l 1 tui) 2/ im trung bnh tnh nh sau : Ton h s 2, Tin h s 3 3/ Xp loi v Hc bng theo thang im sau :
Hc bng -100 Xp loi Km 5 0 TB 6,5 50 Kh 8 100 200

## 4/ Sp xp li danh sch theo xp th : xp th 1 ng trc ri n x

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by TT 1 ? ? ? ? ? ? Loi H Chi Thu Thu Chi Chi Thu Chi Loi Ngoi t USD DM FR DM FR USD DM S tin 100 1500 3000 1000 4000 500 500 T gi ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Quy ra VN ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Ch : 1/ T gi : 1 USD = 14000 , 1 DM = 10000 , 1 FR = 6000 2/ Dng cng thc, in gi tr vo bng sau : Loi Ngoi t USD FR DM Loi ho n Thu Chi Thu Chi Thu Chi S tin ? ? ? ? ? ? Quy ra VN ? ? ? ? ? ?

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by TT 1 ? ? ? ? ? M B2 A1 D1 C2 A2 B1 Tn hng Ngy nhp Giy Vi bng Xi mng Gch Vi hoa Ba Cng 5/12/1998 1/7/1998 7/30/1998 2/1/1998 7/30/1998 5/12/1998 Ngy bn 5/15/1998 4/17/1998 9/28/1998 12/1/1998 9/28/1998 5/15/1998 Nhn xt ? ? ? ? ? ? ? S L n gi ng 100 5 200 10 300 20 120 15 400 15 50 10 ?

Ch : 1/ Nu thi gian lu kho <=30 ghi nhn xt : Bn chy - Nu 30 <thi gian lu kho <=90 ghi nhn xt : Bn c - Nu thi gian lu kho >90 ghi nhn xt : Bn chm 2/ Thu = H s thu x Thnh tin. H s thu cho bng sau : Bng h s thu M u M th 2 1 2 A 1.50% 1% B 6% 5% C 10% 8% D 15% 12% 3/ Gi thnh bng Thnh tin + Thu

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by Ngy Nhn vin hng Sn phm Tin Ca Thng 8/20/1998 Hng S 1 Ko 20 ? 9/3/1998 Nga S 2 Ko 20 ? 8/29/1998 Lan S 1 Bnh 10 ? 9/4/1998 Vn S 2 Bnh 35 ? 8/30/1998 Chi S 1 Bnh 40 ? 8/30/1998 Nga S 2 Mt 15 ? 8/30/1998 Vn S 2 Ko 25 ?

## 9/3/1998 Chi 9/3/1998 Lan 9/4/1998 Chi

S 1 S 1 S 1

Bnh Ko Mt

30 45 10

? ? ?

Tin thng tnh theo quy nh sau : Ca hng Thng S 1 10 % ca Tin S 2 5 % ca Tin Da vo bng trn, dng cng thc in cc gi tr vo bng sau : Nhn vin ln bn Tin S Chi ? ? Nga ? ? Vn ? ? Lan ? ? Ca hng ln bn Tin S S 1 ? ? S 2 ? ? 6

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by Trung Hc TT Tn GT Ton Tin Xp loi bnh bng 1 Hng Nam 4 7 ? ? ? ? Bnh N 6 8 ? ? ? ? Vn N 8 9 ? ? ? ? Bnh Nam 9 10 ? ? ? ? Doanh Nam 5 8 ? ? ? ? Loan N 5 4 ? ? ? ? Anh Nam 9 6 ? ? ? ? Thu N 4 10 ? ? ? ? Khnh Nam 6 7 ? ? ? ? Ngn N 10 8 ? ? ? Ch : 1/ Tnh im trung bnh (h s Ton l 2, Tin l 3) 2/ Cn c vo im trung bnh v thang chia im sau xp loi : Di 5 : Km T 5 n 6.9 : Trung bnh T 7 n 8.4 : Kh

T 8.5 n 9.4 : Gii T 9.5 tr ln : Xut sc 3/ Hc bng 100 nu im TB t 7 tr ln v khng c mn no di 5 4/ in cc thng s vo bng sau : Xp loi S lng Km ? Trung bnh? Kh ? Gii ? Xut sc ?

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by Ngy Nhn vin hng Ca 8/20/1998 Hng S 1 9/3/1998 Nga S 2 8/29/1998 Lan S 1 9/4/1998 Vn S 2 8/30/1998 Chi S 1 8/30/1998 Nga S 2 8/30/1998 Vn S 2 9/3/1998 Chi s 1 9/3/1998 Lan S 1 9/4/1998 Chi S 1 Tin thng tnh theo quy Tin T 100 T 100 T 200 T 300 Sn phm Ko Ko Bnh Bnh Bnh Mt Ko Bnh Ko Mt Tin 200 200 100 350 400 150 250 300 450 150 Thng ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

## nh sau : Thng tr xung Khng n 199 1 % ca Tin n 299 2 % ca Tin tr ln ca Tin 5%

Da vo bng trn, dng cng thc in cc gi tr vo bng sau : Ca hng Thng thng 8 Thng thng 9 S 1 S 2

## Loi hng Tin thng Tin thng 9 8 Bnh Mt Ko

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong cc bng sau (ch trnh by Bng tnh tin in thng 12-1998 Hnh thc in Tin Ch h Ch s trc Ch s sau SD tiu th in TT 1 Vn Sn xut 0 500 ? ? ? Bnh Kinh doanh 0 200 ? ? ? Khnh Tiu dng 0 150 ? ? ? Doanh Sn xut 0 600 ? ? ? Lan Tiu dng 0 101 ? ? ? Thu Tiu dng 0 50 ? ? ? Qung Kinh doanh 0 300 ? ? Hnh thc SD Sn xut Kinh doanh Tiu dng S h ? ? ? Tin in ? ? ?

Ch : 1/ Gi in : H Sn xut : 2000 /s H Kinh doanh : 800 /s H Tiu dng : 500 /s 2/ Tin in = Gi in * in tiu th

10

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by im Xp TT Tn GT Ton Tin Anh vn TB th 1 Hng Nam 4 7 5 ? ? ? Bnh N 6 8 6 ? ? ? Vn N 10 8 9 ? ?

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

## Nam Nam N Nam N Nam N

9 5 5 9 6 5 10

10 9 4 6 5 9 8

7 8 6 7 7 5 9

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Ch : 1/ im TB ly 1 s thp phn v tnh nh sau : h s Ton l 2, h s Tin l 3, h s Anh vn l 1 2/ Xp th theo im TB 3/ Xp loi cn c vo im TB nh sau : - di 5 l Km - t 5 n 6.4 l TB - t 6.5 n 7.9 l Kh - t 8 tr ln l Gii 4/ Hc bng cn c vo xp th (khng c t g vo) - t th 1 n th 3 l 100 - t th 4 n th 6 l 50 - cc hc sinh cn li khng c hc bng 5/ Sp xp li danh sch trn theo Xp th gim dn Nhng ngi cng th bc xp ngi c im Tin cao hn ln

11

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong cc bng sau (ch trnh by S tin Loi tin TT Loi H VN i ra cn i ra c 1 Chi 1400000 USD ? ? Thu 15000000 DM ? ? Thu 18000000 FR ? ? Chi 10000000 DM ? ? Chi 24000000 FR ? ? Thu 7000000 USD ? ? Chi 5000000 DM ? Ch : 1/ T gi : 14000 VN = 1 USD, 10000 VN = 1 DM, 6000 VN = 1 FR 2/ Dng cng thc, in gi tr vo bng sau :

S tin i ra c Loi Ngoi toi ho n lng ho n L S USD Thu ? ? Chi ? ? FR Thu ? ? Chi ? ? DM Thu ? ? Chi ? ? 12

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by TT 1 ? ? ? M B2 A1 D3 C2 Tn hng Giy Vi Xi mng Gch Cng Ngy nhp Ngy bn S 5/12/1998 5/15/1998 1/7/1998 4/17/1998 7/30/1998 9/28/1998 2/1/1998 12/1/1998 Lng n 100 200 300 120 gi Thnh tin 5 ? 10 ? 20 ? 15 ? ?

Ch : 1/ Thu : m A l 1%, B l 5 %, C l 7 %, D l 10 % Thnh tin 2/ Thng cho nhn vin bn hng theo thi gian lu kho nh sau : - di 30 ngy thng 2% Thnh tin - t 30 ngy n 89 ngy thng 1% Thnh tin - cc trng hp khc khng c thng 3/ Gi thnh bng Thnh tin + Thu + Thng

13

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong cc bng sau (ch trnh by Ngy Nhn vin hng Mt hng Tin nhp Ph ph Tin bn Ca 8/20/1998 Hng S 1 Ko 200 ? ? 9/3/1998 Nga S 2 Ko 100 ? ? 8/29/1998 Lan S 1 Bnh 400 ? ? 9/4/1998 Vn S 2 Bnh 500 ? ? 8/30/1998 Chi S 1 Bnh 100 ? ? 8/30/1998 Nga S 2 Mt 200 ? ?

S 2 s 1 S 1 S 1

Ko Bnh Ko Mt

? ? ? ?

? ? ? ?

## Nhn vin S ln bn Tin bn Chi ? ? Nga ? ?

1/ Ph ph ca cc mt hng nh sau : - Bnh : 2% Tin nhp - Mt : 1% Tin nhp - Ko : 3% Tin nhp 2/ Tin bn = Tin nhp + Ph ph

14

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong cc bng sau (ch trnh by Bng k tin thu phng thng 11-12/1998 Tin S Tn S tun tnh S TT Loi phng Ngy n Ngy i ngy l khch theo tun 1 Long C 12/7/1998 12/25/1998 ? ? ? ? Chi B 12/1/1998 12/29/1998 ? ? ? ? Tun A 11/2/1998 11/29/1998 ? ? ? ? H B 7/30/1998 8/30/1998 ? ? ? Cu 1: Tnh s tun v s ngy l ca mi khch Cu 2: in vo cc ct Tin tnh theo tun v theo s ngy l theo cch sau : - Tin tnh theo tun = S tun * n gi tun - Tin tnh theo ngy l = S ngy l * n gi ngy l Nu Tin tnh theo ngy l ln hn n gi tun th thay bng n gi Phng n gi tun n gi ngy l Loi A: 110 20 Loi B: 80 15 Loi C: 50 10 Cu 3: Thnh tin = Tin tnh theo tun + Tin tnh theo ngy l

16

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by Kt qu thi cui k lp Tin hc TT Tn GT Ton 1 Hng Nam 2 Bnh N 3 Vn N 4 Bnh Nam 5 Doanh Nam 6 Loan N 7 Anh Nam 8 Thu N 9 Khnh Nam 10 Ngn N

Tin 4 6 8 9 5 5 9 4 6 10

o c Tng im loi Xp 7 D ? 8 A 14 ? 9 B 17 ? 10 A 19 ? 8 D 13 ? 4 C 9 ? 6 A 15 ? 10 B 14 ? 7 C 13 ? 8 B 18 ?

Ch : 1/ Tnh Tng im nh sau : Tng im = Ton + Tin Cng thm 1 im vo Tng im cho hc sinh t o c Cng thm 0.5 im vo Tng im cho hc sinh t o Tr Tng im i 1 cho hc sinh t o c D Cc loi o c khc gi nguyn Tng im 2/ Cn c vo Tng im xp loi hc sinh nh sau : Di 10 : Km T 10 n 13.9 : Trung bnh T 14 n 16.9 : Kh T 17 n 18.9 : Gii T 19 tr ln : Xut sc 3/ Hc bng 100 nu im TB t 14 tr ln v khng c mn no di 5 17

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong cc bng sau (ch trnh by Bng tnh tin in thng 12-1998 Tin in TT Ch h M SD Mc S c S mi trong tiu th Mc 1 Vn SX 150 0 500 500 Err:502 ? Bnh KD 150 0 600 600 ? ? Khnh TD 100 0 150 150 ? ? Doanh SX 200 0 600 600 ? ? Lan TD 100 0 80 80 ? ? Thu TD 100 0 300 300 ?

Qung KD

150

120

120

M SD TD SX KD
500 2000 800

SX KD TD

## Ch : 1.a/ Gi in trong nh mc : M SX : 2000 /s M KD : 800 /s M TD : 500 /s b/ Tin trong Mc = Mc x Gi trong Mc

2. a/ Gi in vt nh mc : Bng gi trong Mc * (1+ S ln vt) trong S ln vt = (in tiu th - Mc)/Mc b/ Tin vt Mc = S vt Mc x Gi vt Mc 3/ Tin phi tr = Tin trong Mc + Tin vt Mc 18

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by im Xp TT Tn GT Ton Tin Anh vn TB th 1 Hng Nam 4 7 5 ? ? ? Bnh N 6 8 6 ? ? ? Vn N 10 8 9 ? ? ? Bnh Nam 9 10 7 ? ? ? Doanh Nam 5 9 8 ? ? ? Loan N 5 4 6 ? ? ? Anh Nam 9 6 7 ? ? ? Thu N 6 5 7 ? ? ? Khnh Nam 5 9 5 ? ? ? Ngn N 10 8 9 ? ?

Ch : 1/ im TB ly 1 s thp phn v tnh nh sau : h s Ton l 2, h s Tin l 3, h s Anh vn l 1 2/ Xp th theo im TB 3/ Xp loi cn c vo im TB nh sau : - di 5 l Km - t 5 n 6.4 l TB - t 6.5 n 7.9 l Kh - t 8 tr ln l Gii 4/ Hc bng cn c vo xp th (khng c t g vo) - t th 1 n th 3 l 100 - t th 4 n th 6 l 50 - cc hc sinh cn li khng c hc bng 5/ Sp xp li danh sch trn theo Xp th gim dn Nhng ngi cng th bc xp ngi c im Tin cao hn ln 19

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong cc bng sau (ch trnh by S tin Loi tin TT Loi H VN i ra cn i ra c 1 Chi 1400000 USD ? ? Thu 1500000 DM ? ? Thu 1800000 FR ? ? Chi 1000000 DM ? ? Chi 2400000 FR ? ? Thu 7000000 USD ? ? Chi 5000000 DM ? Ch : 1/ T gi : 14000 VN = 1 USD, 10000 VN = 1 DM, 6000 VN = 1 FR 2/ Dng cng thc, in gi tr vo bng sau : S tin i ra c Loi Ngoi toi ho n lng ho n L S USD Thu ? ? Chi ? ? FR Thu ? ? Chi ? ? DM Thu ? ? Chi ? ? 2/ Sp xp li C s d liu trn theo tng loi tin cn i ra, trong cng loi tin xp Ho n Thu trc, Chi sau

20

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong bng sau (ch trnh by TT 1 ? ? ? M B2 A1 D3 C2 Tn hng Giy Vi Xi mng Gch Cng Ngy nhp Ngy bn Nhn xt Thnh tin Thu 5/12/1998 5/15/1998 ? 500 ? 1/7/1998 4/17/1998 ? 2000 ? 7/30/1998 9/28/1998 ? 6000 ? 2/1/1998 12/1/1998 ? 1800 ? ? ?

Ch : 1/ Thu : m A l 1%, B l 5 %, C l 7 %, D l 10 % Thnh tin 2/ Nhn xt : cn c vo thi gian lu kho nh sau : - di 30 ngy : Bn chy - t 30 ngy n 89 ngy : Bn c - cn lai : Bn chm 3/ Thng cho nhn vin bn hng cn c vo nhn xt nh sau : - Bn chy : thng 2% Thnh tin - Bn c thng 1% Thnh tin - Cc trng hp khc khng c thng 4/ Gi thnh bng Thnh tin + Thu + Thng

21

Dng cng thc in gi tr vo cc c du ? trong cc bng sau (ch trnh by Ngy Nhn vin hng Mt hng Tin nhp Ph ph Tin bn Ca 8/20/1998 Hng S 1 Ko 200 ? ? 9/3/1998 Nga S 2 Ko 100 ? ? 8/29/1998 Lan S 1 Bnh 400 ? ? 9/4/1998 Vn S 2 Bnh 500 ? ? 8/30/1998 Chi S 1 Bnh 100 ? ? 8/30/1998 Nga S 2 Mt 200 ? ? 8/30/1998 Vn S 2 Ko 500 ? ? 8/10/1998 Chi s 1 Bnh 300 ? ? 9/3/1998 Lan S 1 Ko 600 ? ? 9/4/1998 Chi S 1 Mt 100 ? ?

Thng 8 9 Ch :

## Nhn vin S ln bn Tin bn Chi ? ? Nga ? ?

1/ Ph ph ca cc mt hng nh sau : - Bnh : 2% Tin nhp - Mt : 1% Tin nhp - Ko : 3% Tin nhp 2/ Tin bn = Tin nhp + Ph ph 3/ Sp xp li CSDL trn theo Ca hng, cng Ca hng xp Tin bn gim dn

rnh by p):

## (ch trnh by p): Xp th ? ? ? ? ? ? Xp loi ? ? ? ? ? ? Hc bng ? ? ? ? ? ?

? ? ? ? tnh l 1 tui)

? ? ? ?

## ? ? ? ? Loi S lng im Km ? TB ? Kh ? Gii ? Xut sc ? TB ? ? ? ? ?

200 sc

ng trc ri n xp th 2

R = 6000

bng sau :

m sau xp loi :

ng c mn no di 5

Hc bng ? ? ? ? ?

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

nh vn l 1

6000 VN = 1 FR

## (ch trnh by p):

Hc bng ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

o hc sinh t o c A ho hc sinh t o c B o c D

ng c mn no di 5

## au (ch trnh by p): Tin v Tin t Mc phi tr ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

? Tin phi tr ? ? ?

S h ? ? ?

tiu th - Mc)/Mc

S HS ? ?

nh vn l 1

, 6000 VN = 1 FR

oi tin cn i ra,

## au (ch trnh by p):

HM LY THNG TIN
Tn Hm
CELL

Cng dng

C php

Tr v thng tin nh dng, v tr hay ni dung =CELL(info_type,reference) ca mt hoc ca pha trn bn tri ca mt vng . Tr v s khng c d liu trong dy . Tr v s tng ng vi mt li trong Excel hoc tr v li #N/A! nu khng c li. Tr v thng tin ca mi trng hat ng hin thi. Tr vTRUE nu gi tr rng Kim tra c phi l mt li ngai tr #N/A Kim tra c phi l mt li k c #N/A Returns TRUE if the number is even Tr v TRUEnu gi tr l biu thc logical Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value =COUNTBLANK(range) =ERROR.TYPE(error_val) =INFO(type_text) =ISBLANK(Value) =ISERR(Value) =ISERROR(Value) =ISEVEN(Number) =ISLOGICAL(Value) =ISNA(Value)

COUNTBLANK* ERROR.TYPE INFO ISBLANK ISERR ISERROR ISEVEN ISLOGICAL ISNA ISNONTEXT ISNUMBER ISODD ISREF ISTEXT

Tr v TRUE nu biu thc khng phi l text =ISNONTEXT(Value) Tr v TRUE nu biu thc l number Kim tra mt s c phi l s l hay khng?. Tr v TRUE nu l s l, FALSE nu l s chn Returns TRUE if the value is a reference Tr v TRUE nu biu thc l chui text =ISNUMBER(Value) =ISODD(Number) =ISREF(Value) =ISTEXT(Value)

N NA TYPE

Chuyn i mt gi tr thnh s.

=N(Value)

To li #N/A! nh du cc rng trnh =NA() nhng vn khng nh trc khi dng mt s hm ca Excel. Khi hm tham chiu ti cc Tr v nh du (tr v 1 nu gi tr =TYPE(Value) cdng gi trs tr v li #N/A!. l Number; 2 nu l text; 4 l biu thc lun l; 16 nu gi tr li; 64 cho gi tr mng)

Notes:

* See also COUNT, COUNTA and FREQUENCY (Statistical) and COUNTIF (Maths) and DCOUNT and DCOUNTA (Database)

## Information Function Arguments

Argument
Error_val Info_type

Description
l gi tr li m bn cn kim tra. error_val thng tham chiu n mt cng thc m bn cn kim tra. 1 = #Null!; 2 = #Div/0!; 3 = #Value!; 4 = #Ref!; 5 = #Name?; 6 = #N/A Kiu d liu tr v "address" a ch tuyt i ca u tin trong vng tham chiu. "col" s th t ct "color" 1 nu nh dng mu l gi tr m, cn li tr v 0 "contenst" gi tr (ni dung) ca u tin "filename" ng dn y ca file n cha tham chiu. Tr v chui rng nu file cha tham chiu cha c lu li, "format" gi tr kiu chui tng ng vi nh dng ca . Xem chi tit trong bng bn di. "parentheses" 1 nu c nh dng vi du ngoc n, ngc li tr v 0 "prefix" tr v kiu canh l ca (nhy n ': canh tri, nhy kp " canh phi, m ^: canh gia, cho ngc \: canh u, chui rng "": cn li) "row" s th t dng "type" tr v loi d liu trong ("b": nu rng, "l": nu cha vn bn, "v": tt c cc kiu d liu cn li). "width" rng ca ct c lm trn thnh s nguyn. Mi n v c o bng rng ca mt k t trong kch thc font mc nh.

Number

## A number or expression that evaluates to a number

Reference

l a ch hoc vng cn ly thng tin. Nu b qua, CELL s ly cui cng c thay i trong bng tnh.

## Type_text (INFO function)

"directory" ng dn th mc hin thi "memavail" Dung lng b nh sn sng, tnh bng byte. "memused" Dung lng b nh ang s dng. "numfile" S trang bng tnh (worksheet) trong bng tnh (workbooK) ang m. "origin" Tr v a ch tuyt i ca gc trn bn tri c th nhn thy trong Windows. a ch ny c gn thm tin t \$A: "osversion" Phin bn ca h u hnh hin ti. "recalc" Dng tnh ton hin ti: Automatic hoc Manual "release" Phin bn ca Microsoft Excel "system" Mi trng hot ng hin ti Macintosh tr v "mac" Windows tr v "pcdos" "totmem" Tng dung lng b nh c sn, bao gm c b nh ang dng.

Value

gi tr cn kim tra.

## Range To Test 1 Hello 3 0 1-Jan-98 5

Blanks 2

=COUNTBLANK(C4:C11)

Data 10 10 0 3

## Error Type 532 508

=ERROR.TYPE(E4) =ERROR.TYPE(E5)

10 10:00

3 13:00

#REF! 21:00

524 #N/A

=ERROR.TYPE(E6) =ERROR.TYPE(E7)

System Information Current directory Err:502 =INFO("directory") Available bytes of memory Err:502 =INFO("memavail") Memory in use Err:502 =INFO("memused") Total bytes of memory Err:502 =INFO("totmem") umber of active worksheets 1 =INFO("numfile") in the top left of the window Err:502 =INFO("origin") Operating system Windows (32-bit) NT 5.01 =INFO("osversion") Recalculation mode Automatic =INFO("recalc") Excel version 310m19(Build:9420) =INFO("release") ame of system. (PC or Mac) LINUX =INFO("system")

## Number 1 2 2.5 2.6 3.5 3.6 Hello 1-Feb-98 1-Feb-96

Is it Even 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1

1-Jan-98 1OO

ID No. 1 2 3 4 5

## Number 1 2 2.5 2.6 3.5 3.6 Hello 1-Feb-98 1-Feb-96

Is it Odd 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0

## =ISODD(C4) =ISODD(C5) =ISODD(C6) =ISODD(C7) =ISODD(C8) =ISODD(C9) =ISODD(C10) =ISODD(C11) =ISODD(C12)

TRUE =ISREF(A163) FALSE =ISREF(B99) Err:508 =ISREF(Hello) FALSE =ISREF(10) FALSE =ISREF(NOW()) FALSE =ISREF("A1") Err:508 =ISREF(XX99)

ID No. 1 2 3 4 5

36154 1 0 0 0