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# ME 777/877 Computer Aided Engineering Project #3 due Friday, Nov.

v. 2nd A long (1 m), slender cylindrical tube is completely fixed at one end (i.e. all six degrees of freedom are fixed). A 1000 N compressive load is applied to the opposite end of the constraint along the axial direction of the tube. The end where the load is applied is not restricted in motion in any direction. The cylindrical tube is to be fabricated from steel with the following material properties. (Note that these properties are approximately those from 1010 steel in SolidWorks but you will have to create a customer material for the slight variations. All other material parameters not listed can remain at the 1010 steel values.) Density = 7827.08 kg/m^3 Youngs modulus (E) = 199.948 GPa Yield strength = 180 MPa Poissons ratio ( ) = 0.27

Step 1. Create an Excel spreadsheet that will determine the optimum outer diameter (D) and thickness (t) to minimize the mass of the tube while being subjected to the following constraints (with the appropriate safety factor applied): The stress in the tube must be the yield strength of the material. The stress in the tube must be the critical stress which would initiate buckling according to Eulers buckling formula. (Be sure to use the correct effective length for this situation.) The stress in the tube must be the critical stress which would initiate shell buckling which is given by:

s =

2 Et D 3(1 2 )

For all of these constraints, a safety factor of 2.5 should be applied (and be a separate cell within Excel so that it can be varied if desired). Also include constraints such that: The diameter (D) is the thickness (t). The thickness is 0.5 mm (to assure that an unrealistic value is not obtained).

As initial guesses for the diameter and thickness, use 10 mm and 1 mm respectively. (Note that I am providing some dimensions in mm and some in m, as well as some stresses in MPa and some in GPa. Be sure to convert the dimensions correctly in Excel.) Also, within your Excel spreadsheet, determine the Buckling Load Factor (BLF) with respect to Eulers buckling formula. The BLF is the ratio of the critical Euler buckling stress to the applied stress (i.e. the factor of safety against this form of buckling). If the 0 < BLF < 1, buckling will occur. If the BLF > 1, buckling will not occur. As part of your report, be sure to include hand written equations for all of the equations you used in your calculations so I can check them. Also report the follow values for both the initial and optimized designs: (Note that the mass actually increases to achieve the design criteria.) Mass Critical Euler buckling stress Moment of inertia Critical shell buckling stress Applied stress BLF Finally, include in the Appendix of your report a print out of your Excel spreadsheet with values well labeled. B. Kinsey, Fall 2012 Page 1