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A Few Notes Main Paper Begins Below Spanish Astrophysicists PDF File on G1.9+0.3 at Google. It's 599kb so it downloads pretty quickly. It also has info on other official sites of theirs on the PDF file as well: On They classify it as a "supernova" but the starview team debunks chandra teams claims. Starviewteam from Spain show scientific data that this thing, through pictures and research from 1984 - 2009 show it is not a supernova and that it is getting closer. The STARVIEW TEAM: And Also: UPDATE ( AUGUST 07 2010): THEIR WEBSITE IS ACTING UP. EVERY TIME YOU CLICK ON SOMEOF THESE OTHER LINKS THEY KEEP TAKING YOU BACK TO STARVIEWTEAM's WEBSITE. BUT THE PDF IS AVAILABLE. (END OF UPDATE) When you get there on the Research Area (top Right) Go to "brown Dwarf" open in a new Window and Download the PDF File 599 kb. The correct Google Address is: Here it will open up on their Scientific Research about this "Brown Dwarf" or "Sun Companion". READ IT! It's very interesting. It Grows and Grows but it DOES NOT EXPAND ....They disprove the idea that a supernova is 27,000 light years away from us. And more likely the sun's nemesis - identical opposite twin. They show in pictures in the PDF how it has changed from 1984 to 2009. It shows clear pictures of it's mass, "rotation", pull, radiational readings, but no "EXPANSION". Why didn't NASA provide us with this information? It makes me wonder if Space Agencies outside the US are better at this than our very own Space Agency. I do not mean to put down NASA iin any way. I love my country and it has done so much as a republic. Anyways, READ IT. PDF!!! These guys know what they are talking about. They are Astrophysicists. thanks for watching.

Original Scribd: (Please see original, especially for important Figures not included in this Google Translation.) it would have been driven to the inner solar system by the gravitational effect of Nemesis and that correspond with theories on Planet X and the Sumerian Nibiru, is totally consistent with the hypothesis described binary Nemesis. Locating our Nemesis (Localizando a nuestra Nmesis) Page 1 Locating our Nemesis Summary No doubt that the disturbances produced from the area are increasing Sagittarius every day and we can check very easily through the various studies (1) prepared by the StarViewer team in recent weeks. Through them we have to understand the fact that our solar system is suffering from a few years ago from the gravitational influence of galactic plane significantly affecting the whole system of planets geomagnetic and own Sol disturbing element could be a companion star to our sun located near Oort cloud (StarViewerTeam ( /) or nearest body and a mass substantially lower. In this study we expand on this last possibility. Introduction Astrophysicists Daniel P. Whitmire and John J. Matese of the University of Louisiana - Lafayette, created a new theory combining ideas that were proposed in the past for reasons quite different and making converged in their proposal: 1. Periodic comet impacts and mass extinctions: 2. A stellar body, which lies beyond the orbit of Pluto 3. A disc or belt of comets in the plane of the solar system beyond Neptune. Describing a complex movement to this body, which we will call from now NEMESIS forward-, theorists devised a model in which Nemesis describe an elliptical orbit or circulate around our sun and periodically cross near the belt of comets, interrupting their orbits and sending rain on a solar system. Figure 1 - Conjunction of orbits Figure 2 System - Conjunction of highly elliptical binary orbit. Solar and slightly elliptical orbits Nemesis (null hypothesis). (Hypothesis valid). Page 2 So far the work of these two researchers, published in Nature on January 3, 1985 and presented on January 11 at a symposium on the galaxy and the solar system (currently implemented before the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society) in Tucson (Arizona), received both then as in the present times, divergent scrutiny. While some scientists in their studies produced from 1984 until the end of 1993 are consistent with this view and, more recently some study adds to this theory (L.Iorio 2009), other scientists call the concept of Nemesis imaginative, even witty, but say it is too hard to judge the model without some calculations more detailed.

Matese and Whitmire propose that the belt of comets, which originally boasted together with theories about the origin of the solar system, extending about 35 to 70 AU (2) from the 70-130 AU. Other scientists estimate as Richmann somewhat larger size, encrypting between 50 and 500 AU and composed of cometary bodies that could easily be up to 100 times the size of the earth. In its orbit around the sun set barycentric axis-nemesis, this body X would have cleared a annular gap in the belt. The gravitational force of Nemesis evict comets near the open gap when it reaches perihelion (the point in the orbit closest to the sun) on the inside edge This gap, or reaches aphelion (farthest point from the sun) touching the outer edge gap. The effect would be caused by the perihelion, as Whitmire, stronger than that produced in aphelion, since the belt of comets is denser the closer the sun. The advantage, according to Whitmire, Nemesis this option so close to the Sun with respect to a greater light to 15 or 20 KAU (3) is that this orbit, being much closer to our star, it would be very stable. Recent estimates on the orbit of Nemesis indicate that your period would have changed about 15 percent over the past 250 million years, due to the jostling gravitational with other bodies. 2 = Astronomical unit equivalent to the distance between Earth and the Sun March 1 KAU = 1000 astronomical units. Page 3 Nemesis Effects on Saturn's perihelion Anderson and Nieto (2009) examined some unexplained anomalies connected with astrometric data in the solar system: 1. The flyby anomaly (Anderson and Nieto 2008) 2. The Pioneer anomaly (Anderson et al 1998) 3. The secular change of the astronomical unit (Krasinsky and Brumberg 2004) 4. The increase in the eccentricity of the orbit of the moon (Williams and Boggs 2008) 5. L.Iorio More recently, the anomalous precession of the perihelion of Saturn (Iorio 2009). In his study of the anomalous precession of Saturn, shows that an alleged L.Iorio Body X distant and still undiscovered secular precedences induce nonzero lengths perihelion and node of a planet in the solar system known P. Particularly, precedence resulting retrograde perihelion would so that could explain the anomalous precession Saturn's perihelion recently determined including analysis of data radiotcnicos Cassini. Further concludes by saying that if this body were the size of Earth or Mars, be between 80-159 AU, if a gas giant Jupiter-type, would be close to 1 KAU; typical brown dwarf (M = 80MJ (4)) would be approximately 5 KAU, while a body of size of the sun would be about 10 KAU and never penetrate the Oort Cloud extends believed from 50 to 150 KAU KAU. For a particular position of the body X along the direction of the galactic center, the study results also hold within the newly proposal made EFE (External Field Effect) in the framework of MOND (5). This would explain the perihelion precession of Saturn in a similar manner to the existence of a body in the direction of the center of the Milky Way. We start in this study this hypothesis and understand that this body we call NEMESIS be part of a binary system in which a partner in our star surrounds a higher orbit at 80 AU (11.9671840.000 miles). What could be that orbit? What duration or period would? What place are you now? We will try to answer all these

questions in this study. Equinoctial precession If we understand the equinoctial precession (6) of the Earth also occurs on other planets Solar System and not only in our globe, and that both the Sun and all the other planets orbit around a point in space, making a complete turn around with a periodicity of 25,525 years, we could see that the Sun (99.96% of the total mass of our system) is moving so influenced by a very powerful gravitational force that is combined with their own, causing the circular motion of the solar system precessional fully. This influence on the precession of the perihelion of the inner planets has been one of the tools used to obtain the final conclusions of the study "Constraints on planet X / Nemesis from Solar System's inner dynamics "(7), by L.Iorio The equinoctial precession or orbit of the Sun around a point barycentric is assumed substantially circular and no ellipticity in rotation, so its binary companion, it should not be 4 - Mj = mass of Jupiter. 5 - Modified Newtonian Dynamics. 6 - equinox precession movement is observed terrestrial north pole, which describes a full circle around the north pole of the ecliptic over a period of 25,525. 7 - Page 4 a highly elliptical orbit the sun for rotating force on other elliptical, which is not the case. However the separation between the centroids of the two orbits themselves is considerable as we expressed above (see figure 3). The gravitational forces of both combinatorics tells us that if our Solar System comes full circle every 25,525 years, the proposal would complete binary companion also orbit in the same period. "So we have a binary companion of the Sun orbiting in the same direction of rotation as our star and a slightly eccentric orbit and 25,525 years in duration. " This means that every 25 525 is closer to the Sun and therefore increases its gravitational influence on this and on other planets in our solar system and is also the leading cause of aforementioned disturbances, for its proximity and increasing the speed of inertial motion equinoctial perihelion of our solar system and its binary companion. This approach to inner edge of the belt of comets is also the cause of cometary activity observed strong recently, even though there is the only cause of this activity, as we shall see in a later study to this. Location, mass and distance of Nemesis In November of 1991, two years before his death from cancer of the esophagus, and during the During the annual meeting of the Geological Society Lecture Theatre (Burlinton House), Dr. RS Harrington Washington Naval Observatory and author of several studies on the hypothesis, localization and possible mass of Nemesis, presented its own position paper expected this body X. According to Harrington the most likely area of the sky to the location of Nemesis is in the southern hemisphere between 14 and 18 hours of right ascension and between -20 and -50 declination. From the above reports can be obtained strong evidence for the hypothesis Nemesis and conclusions concerning the different distances which could orbit the Sun in terms of their mass body and stellar type: A similar mass transneptunian Planet Mars = Between 57 and 84 AU.

a planet similar in mass to Earth = 120-178 AU. a gas giant like Jupiter mass = 699-1220 AU Brown Dwarf (brown dwarf), (M 80MJ) = 3531-5261 AU. Red Dwarf (Red Dwarf (M 0.5 MSun) = 6113-9524 AU. A body of mass similar to the Sun = 8300-12400 AU. "If Nemesis is, as it seems, between the 200 and the 300 AU, and applying the results described above in connection masadistancia, its mass would correspond to a stellar body about 0.3 1027 kg (0.16 MJ). " Known as orbital period length, precession equator, the mass of this companion possible solar, and its approximate position now, so we can make an estimate orbital simulations based solar array. That is what we have done and we understand that the best scenario is the one shown in Figures 4 and 5. Page 5 Figure 4. - Orbital Simulator Figure 5. - Orbit of binary set Orbital data are used: Orbital period = 25,525 years Semimajor axis = 315 20 AU Approximate mass = 3 1026 kg (0.16 Mj) Calculation of Perihelion With this data base, designed a model by which we could determine the approximate position Nemesis our binary companion in the constellation Sagittarius. While we knew the area disturbances from the galactic plane, we had not checked the accuracy of the Initial estimates of its position and approximate distance. After the study of the orbital model understand that our matches Nemesis G1.9 +0.3 for various reasons, some already discussed in / and others that we will discuss now. Some voices "scientific" ask us a greater realization of data and, especially some reason our estimable G1.9 +0.3 conviction that could be Nemesis and not a supernova remnant. That is why we have made a more in-depth study on this and after analyzing some references (8) existing on this "Supernova remnant" and other official on the Nemesis hypothesis (9), we have been pleasantly surprised to find some facts. In 1988 a paper on "A REVISED CATALOGUE OF GALACTIC SUPERNOVA REFERENCE REMNANTS "(10) DRGreen, one of the discoverers of this stellar body, shows the catalog of supernova remnants found so far and it is situated in G1.9 +0.3 coordinates RA 17h 45m 37s, Dec. -27:09. Page 6 Another study, six years later (1994), related to "The MOST Galactic Centre Survey - II New on published results and G2.4 +1.4 supernova remanents "is mentioned in the comparative some supernova G1.9 position +03 in 1984 as seen in the table extracted from this document:

Figure 6 - Position in 1984 This study states that the discoverers of this stellar body (Green & Gull - 1984) have RA located at 17h 45m 37s, Dec. -27:09, with a size of 1.2 arcmin and spectral index -0.7. The same position in the study mentioned above, and it is time coordinates its discovery by Green & Gull. Years later and in another study, this one from 2008 and on "Contour images of the 1.49 GHz continuum issue "we are new coordinates of this body that match the position given by Chandra observations (Figure 7). Figure 7 - Position in 2008 In this case the stellar body G1.0 +0.3 is in the position marked by RA 17h 48m 45s, Dec -27:10, As shown in the table above, obtained of that document. So we have two stellar positions G1.9 +0.3 perfectly differentiated during 24 years: a. 1984 - RA 17h 45m 37s, Dec. -27:09 b. 2008 - RA 17h 48m 45s, Dec. -27:10 Other studies of G1.9 +0.3 made from February 2008 (two months before presentation the means of this "supernova remnant") do not clearly define their situation astronomical. Consider the following table (Figure 8) in which one can observe the foregoing: Page 7 Figure 8 - Image taken from the study "A 20 Year Radio Light Curve for the Young Supernova Remnant G1.9 +0.3" Figure 8 shows graphically elaborate tables (schemas) data from the VLA (Very Large Array of 1.49 GHz) since 1989 which is matched VLA observations with coordinates obtained by Chandra in the same year, if not yet observed sizes maintain a regular and continuous expansion as would be expected in a remnant, but grows and decreases depending on the date of filming and the central positions of the body are not stellar matching. In Figure 9 we see how the position of the star body is not the same in the two films of VLA in consecutive years (1988 and 1989): Figure 9 - Two VLA images in consecutive years. Page 8 How can a supernova, or remnants thereof, which in theory is at a distance of Kpc 8.5 (11) (27,727 years light approx.), Can move over 3 arcmin (minutes grade) ascension?. Since when a supernova remnant expands and contracts as may seen above?. "Simply because there would be a remnant of supernova, nor would be at 27000 light years away. It likely a far object that is nearest moves at a rate of 7.5 arcsec per year. This would be Nemesis, binary companion of the Sun " Why do we say this?. Simply because the orbital positions of G1.9 +0.3 match Nemesis positions obtained in the simulator for astronomical at that time too after the we previously calculated data: Period: 25,525 years (precession equinox) a (SemiMayorAxis): 315 20 AU (orbital simulator)

i (inclination): 3.5 0.3 degrees (12) e (eccentricity): 0.3 0.04 (13) AscendingNode: 359.0 (calculated from the positions of G1.9 +0.3) And adjusting the model in the simulator for the remaining astronomical data: ArgOfPericenter M (mean anomaly) Epoch We could say that we were surprised, but not true because the truth is that we expected. "Being able to visually check in the simulator that the positions and orbits of Nemesis MATCH PLENEMENTE with astronomical positions in G1.9 +0.3 1984 and 2008 corroborates our analysis, and to top it off, the magnitudes observed in the VLA at different dates we have seen in the table, also match the magnitudes in the simulator as Nemesis towards or away based on the distance that is of the earth, reaffirm the hiptetesis proposed in this study. " As a picture is worth a thousand words, in Figures 10-15 we see the distances, relative positions and apparent diameter of Nemesis in 1984, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008 and 2009. 11 - The center of the Milky Way is 8 kpc from Earth. 12 - obtained subsequently astronomical simulator. 13 - Data obtained after the astronomical simulator. Page 9 Figure 10 - Year 1984 Distance: 223.06 AU Figure 11 - 2004, Distance: 221.59 AU Coordinates: RA 17h45m37s, Dec -27:09:00 Coordinates: RA 17h47m43s, Dec -27:11:15 Apparent diameter: 140.9 arcsec apparent diameter: 141.6 arcsec Figure 12 - 2005, Distance: 223.33 AU Figure 13 - Year 2007, Distance: 221.54 AU Coordinates: RA 17h48m03s, Dec -27:09:30 Coordinates: RA 17h47m55s, Dec -27:11:20 Apparent diameter: 140.8 arcsec apparent diameter: 141.6 arcsec Figure 14 - Year 2008, Distance: 223.07 AU Figure 15 - Year 2009, Distance: 223.09 AU Coordinates: RA 17h48m45s, Dec -27:10:00 Coordinates: RA 17h47m04s, Dec -27:09:30 Apparent diameter: 140.9 arcsec apparent diameter: 140.9 arcsec Page 10 Conclusions In light of the data that we had developed in our worksheets, and previously published and now we expand this study, we can conclude that: 1. It is therefore highly probable that the hypothesis referred stellar body Officially Re-nent of G1.9 +0.3 Supernova is actually binary companion of our Sun orbiting around every 25,525 years and found in these moments in the constellation Sagittarius very close to the center of the Milky Way (RA 17h 47m 55s, Dec -27:09:42) at a distance of 222.92 UA and nearing its perihehio (14). 2. The hypothesis that a highly elliptical orbit Metro, and from their Belt Comets origins exposed here, it would have been driven to the inner solar system by the gravitational effect of Nemesis and that

correspond with theories on Planet X (15) and the Sumerian Nibiru, is totally consistent with the hypothesis described binary Nemesis. 3. The calculated position and to Nemesis orbit with consistent with the theory that our solar system to move from side to side every 12000 Galactic Plane years, crossing the galactic axis twice: In the year 12 763 (closer massive black hole galactic center) and in the year 25,525 (far) of your trip precessional. That is why we demand a comprehensive and updated again monitoring the observation area, and to take into account the influence of our binary companion to the reanalysis of all data planetary with modified dynamic models also explicitly including a body X called Nemesis. References: "Planet X and the killer comets" - Weisburd, Stefi (1985). "Nemesis orbit have been detected?" - AH Delseme. (?). "Does the Sun have a companion?" - TPRay (1985). "The Mean energy transfer rate to comets in the Oort Cloud" - MEBailey (1985). "Dynamical Evidence for Planet X" - Anderson, John D., Standish, E. Myles, Jr. (1986). "Signs of Nemesis: meteors, magnetism" - Thomsen, Dietrick E. (1987). "Unbound planets" - Martyn J. Fogg (1988) .. "The location of Planet X" - R.S. Harrington (1988). "Planet X - Curent Status" - RSHarrington (1988). "Planet X and the Stability of Resonances in the Neptune-Pluto system" - AAJackson (1988). "Mass and orbit estimation of Planet X" - R.Neuhuser & JVFeitzinger (1990). "Planet X - No dynamical evidence in the optical observations" - Standish, E. M., Jr. (1993). "Cometary Evidence of a Massive Body in the Outer Oort Clouds" - Matese, JJ & Whitman, P.G. & Whitmire, D.P (1999). "Supportive Evidence for a Brown Dwarf Solar Companion" - John J. Matese (1999). "biases in Cometary Catalogues and Planet X" - J. Horner & N.W. Evans (2002). "Mass limit on Nemesis" - Varun Bhalerao & MN Vahia (2004). "An outer planet beyond Pluto and origin of the trans-Neptunian belt architecture" - Patryk S. Lykawka & Tadashi Mukai (2007). "Constraints on planet X / Nemesis from Solar System's inner dynamics" - L. Iorio (2009). "The perihelion precession of Saturn, planet X / Nemesis and MOND" - L. Iorio (2009). 14 - Closest to the Sun 15 - The hypothesis of a Planet X (Nibiru), will be developed in a subsequent study in depth.