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Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment Operational Plan 2013-2020
2012 Gender Equity CoP Retreat 15 October 2012

Sonomi Tanaka Lead Social Development Specialist (GAD) Regional and Sustainable Development Department Asian Development Bank

Why Need a New Plan?
• GAD Plan of Action 2008-2012 expires • Persisting gender gaps and increasing challenges in the region • Shift needed for ADB from at-entry design to gender equality results

Gender Inequalities in Asia & Pacific: Unfinished Agenda
• Education
– secondary completion

• Health
– maternal & infant mortality, reverse sex-ration at birth, under nutrition

• Economic empowerment
– gender segregation of the labor market, wage gaps, resource ownership

• Decision-making & voice
– representation at national parliament & subnational levels, gender-based violence

Gender Inequalities in Asia & Pacific: Other Challenges
• Women’s “time-poverty”
– Limited access to basic infra & technology

• Increasing vulnerability to risks and shocks
– Climate change, natural disasters, food insecurity, fragility – Need to build women’s preventive and coping capacity

ADB Performance: 2008-2011
Outputs Performance Outcome Area 1: CPS and Lending Operations Country partnership strategies mixed Project gender mainstreaming at entry (# of GEN/EGM projects) good Project GAP quality mixed Project GAP implementation monitoring and reporting (during) poor Project completion report (GE results) poor Outcome Area 2: Policy Dialogue and Support to Developing Member Countries Policy support mixed Gender capacity development mixed Outcome Area 3: Organizational effectiveness Organizational commitment mixed Staff capacity development good Knowledge products mixed Partnerships good

Improved GE results in ADB operations

The Plan

• Operational Priorities
– On which areas should we focus operations?

• Operational Approaches
– How can we sharpen focus on results delivery?

• Organizational Requirements
– What business process and resources are needed?

• Duration: 2013-2020 (RF 2013-2016)

Operational Priorities
The “twin” priorities • Gender mainstreaming in S2020 sectors
– Maintain at-entry 40%/50% GM targets

• Going beyond mainstreaming to directly narrow persisting areas of gender gaps

Why Beyond Mainstreaming?
• Public policies and targeted investments required to reduce glaring gender gaps and persistent "sticky" domains • accelerating gender equality outcomes (this is not always possible in EGM) • leveling the playing field (i.e., need to get women and girls to the stage where they can capitalize on EGM opportunities) • responding to concern expressed by gender team that we are not doing enough to directly tackle the real gender issues and inequalities

Operational Priorities
The “twin” priorities • Gender mainstreaming in S2020 sectors • Going beyond mainstreaming to directly narrow persisting areas of gender gaps
– More GEN projects – Pilot innovation projects for future GEN – Focus on reducing women’s time poverty

Operational Approaches
Sharpen GE Results Focus

• Quality at entry
– Country gender strategies/CPS – Project GAPs

• Implementation and monitoring
– GAP implementation monitoring & PCRs – DMC capacity development

• Capturing results at country level
– Human development; economic empowerment; decision-making; resilience against shocks

• Knowledge & partnerships

Interdepartmental Comments (1)
Principles supported: questions & suggestions

• More GEN
– How? Resources? – Little evidence that GEN rather than EGM contributes to narrowing “sticky” gender inequalities

• Pilot innovations: Who will do it? Resources? • Time poverty: How? RSGS to provide project
support for designing

• What about policy-based lending?

Interdepartmental Comments (2)
• Quality at entry:
– emphasize better DMF – RSDD to provide better guidance for GAPs

• Results focus:
– agree but additional resources for monitoring & reporting – Train no-GS to do gender work? – CoP to provide list of staff who can help? – Who will do country-level results consolidation?

Interdepartmental Comments (3)
• Knowledge solutions:
– Strongly support but topics need to reflect RD needs – More toolkits and guidelines – Impact assessments to guide operations – Emphasize communication strategy for gender knowledge dissemination

• Results framework:
– Improve indicators for knowledge and partnership

Group Discussion (45 min)
• Group 1&4: More GEN theme projects • Group 2&5: Reducing women’s “time poverty” • Group 3&6: Vulnerability to shocks and risks (climate change, disaster, food) Questions on table 1 rapporteur (after lunch)

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