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We are witnessing an obviously increasing tendency towards the technocratization of contemporary political-decision making processes regardless of their social and political structures in any state. Theorists of economy and diplomacy in the West assure that the momentum of technocracy is such that we now live under a managerial system which has, somewhat imperceptibly, come to replace „dirty‟ politicians and self-aggrandizing machinations of this class. On the other hand, we have also witnessed a huge, stupendous growth of bureaucracy in the post-capitalist societies of the post-colonial states. We are justified in attempting to elaborate a theory of bureaucracy and technocracy which would be more comprehensive and more satisfying than the fashionable and to a large degree meaningless cliché: “managerial society” or “post-industrial society”. J. Burnham proposed that rise of professional experts would create a new class to replace old ruling classes. Ralph Dahrendolf, a spearhead of the Critical Theory, holds that the managerial system can replace old conflicts and create new shared interests of new classes. Knowledge is a raw material in post industrial society, but in a state like Pakistan „imported knowledge and expertise‟ come to replace primary sectors of education as well as economy. The rise of technocratic power intensifies conflict over interests amongst traditional power-holders, democratic forces and new players. It is not,
however, easy to come to grips with the problem of technocracy—an offshoot of bureaucratization of modern societies in an age of post-industrial democracy. There is a flurry of reports that new interim set-up under tutelage of clean, neat and honest technocrats with their linguistic sophistry and international experience in multinational corporations will be placed in Pakistan soon. The replacement will be done under supervision of the Supreme Court of Pakistan as feared by many. It will wreck disaster in Pakistan again as these imported experts without having any stake inside Pakistan, would put hidden financial burden on masses. Since the emergence of military as the absolute stakeholder in the power
Centralization of authority and marginalization of ethnic minority are inevitable results of technocratic ascendency over democratic forces in the Third World. consultancy and development sectors not in decision making process. Their impersonal relationship with people further depoliticizes and alienates society from larger political framework. Nokia. . They act in the name of national interests but discard the idea of social betterment. Shaukat Aziz. The head of that government Mr. It is often forgotten that government by technocrats is for technocrats and bureaucrats. During Musharraf era a perfect arrangement was put into practice for technocrats to work within an engineered democratic system with upper hand.game of Pakistan. new crop of experts flies like bees on the ministerial posts of Pakistan to get a pie out of financial spoil. teaching. The raison d‟être behind this argument is that technocrats have expertise at their disposal and possessed strong negotiating position vis-à-vis international donors and diplomats. What happened? An unholy nexus of high-tech luxury and modern identity became part and parcel of today‟s Pakistan. Technocrats do possess expertise. but it has deep human and social relationship. It is usually argued that technocratic governments can deliver to the people better than democratically elected people through elections. Technocrats neglect the sociological aspects of politics and economics and keep a monochromatic view of state of affairs. stabilized macro-economic indicators through statistical juggling of economy without realizing the fact that economy is not merely a number-game. a self-styled economic wizard. Their ignorance about the concepts of social solidarity and its significance to modern economics often results into explosive violence on fragmentational lines. This arrangement has gained so much popularity that even during democratic periods. technocrats often occupy important positions to ensure the continuity of policies framed during authoritarian regimes. Change is just opium for the people of Pakistan besides religion. Toyota and Honda have done more harm to traditional family system than Bollywood and „over-sexed‟ Hollywood movies in contemporary Pakistan. Apple. but their expertise can be useful in research. Sometimes it is the rhetoric of good governance and sometimes it is financial streamlining of the economy which necessitated the „selection‟ of financial and policy experts known as technocrats to occupy significant positions within policy-making realm. Preference of selection over election is a significant part of this scheme to keep state of affairs clear of all „dirty‟ politicians.
This. The term technocracy itself suggests the rule of the "technique". we also speak about the lifeless technocrats. They increase taxes. It is worthy to note that majority of mega-projects were initiated during military regimes when technocrats were serving the economy of Pakistan. Now this disgruntled youth is waiting for the tsunami of Imran Khan to change their lot. In economic arena. therefore it is not quite surprising that they take economic view of politics and not vice-versa. For technocrats it is quite feasible to adhere to structural adjustment programmes initiated by international financial institutions as they are not concerned with the welfare of the very people whom they are supposed to serving. What the HEC failed to do was to cultivate a strong sense of creativity and egalitarian ideas amongst its caterers. we are confronted here in the most condensed. The human beings that administer the state look as if they were lifeless. cut subsidies. In common parlance. cut and paste researchers. with the appearance of life in technical mechanisms. In other words. in the most intensive form with the reification of relationships between human beings. of something parasitic and hostile.Similarly the establishment of the Higher Education Commission and its placement under a technocrat are vivid examples of this unimaginative approach to run important departments of state under impersonal and „corporate‟ styled experts. neglect rural sector. What were the achievements of the Higher Education Commission is still debatable. Most of these economic wizards come from international financial institutions and banking sectors. which has assumed life of its own and reigns over human beings in neo-liberal economic model. Much obsessed with macro-economic stability. initiate mega-projects like constructing dams etc. of course. Catering to conservative middle-class youth became the sole aim of this misdirected project. as if they were mere cogs in the machine ruled under coercive forces like military apparatuses. in modern system of neo-liberal capitalism. Political and social activism is wellnigh absent amongst „hyper‟ educated youth. The premise of this model is based on the supremacy of market over society and the necessity of technocrats to manage market relations at institutionally macro level. immediately brings to . they degenerate society into economic morass in imperceptible ways. about the men who form that mechanism adeptly. the situation is not different. of the expertise or skill—a peculiar feature of service providing impersonal economic order. but one fact is very clear to all and sundry that pumping of national resources for one decade into this educational misadventure has produced nothing expect rubble of pirated scholars and copy.
How far this alienation of people Pakistani state can further tolerate is to be seen? If technocratic power grows concomitantly with the problems of people.our mind the great complex of fetishism: over the whole area of our market economy man seems to be at the mercy of things. whereas objects seem to assume the force and power of living elements. unfortunately. a violent state and. even of currencies and services. of commodities.com . since technocratic onslaught. This system of over-powering governance has rendered Pakistan. Let‟s give democratic forces a chance to play their part in constructing the image of Pakistan as a pro-people and pro-human state! Writer is working as coordinator to the VC of the University of Gujrat. He can be reached at hammad_raza123@yahoo. Human and social relationships become objectified. political players have to bear the brunt of this mess at every level. then Pakistan would certainly become what Richard Rose termed as an „hour-glass society‟ wherein rule of impersonal oppression would be absolute and state and societal relationships would remain in permanent conflict.
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