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PROGRAM PERFECT SCORE SPM SEKOLAH MENENGAH NEGERI MELAKA

PANDUAN & TEKNIK MENJAWAB KIMIA YANG BERKESAN

DISUSUN DAN DISELENGGARAKAN OLEH GURU CEMERLANG KIMIA MAJLIS GURU CEMERLANG NEGERI MELAKA

THE COMMON DIAGRAM IN CHEMISTRY SPM SYLLABUS

Topics

Labelled Diagram for the Set-up of Apparatus/ Structural Formula

The Structure of Atom Determination of melting and boiling point of naphthalene Determination of Melting Point Particle arrangement in solid , liquid and gas Determination of Freezing Point

Solid

Liquid

Gas

Chemical Formulae and Equations Determination of empirical formula

Magnesium oxide

Copper(II) oxide

Periodic Table

Reaction between sodium/potassium with oxygen

Topics

Reaction between chlorine gas and iron Labelled Diagram for the Set-up of Apparatus/ Structural Formula

Chemical Bond The electron arrangement in ionic and covalent compound. * Make sure you can explain the formation of the bonds accurately Sodium chloride Magnesium chloride

Tetrachloromethane

Carbon dioxide

Molten Lead (II )bromide Electrochemistry

Copper(II) sulphate solution (Copper electrode)

Electrolysis Sulphuric Acid , Potassium sulphate Hydrochloric acid ( gas bubbles released )

Electroplating an iron key

Topics

Purifying an impure metal Labelled Diagram for the Set-up of Apparatus/ Structural Formula

Simple cell Voltaic cell

Daniell cell (porous pot)

Daniell cell (Salt bridge )

1.Heating of copper(II) carbonate and confirmatory test for carbon dioxide ACIDS ,BASES & SALTS 1. Heating of carbonate compound and confirmatory test for carbon dioxide 2. Preparation of soluble salt (Method I) Sodium nitrate 2. Preparation of soluble salt ( Method I & II) 3. Preparation of insoluble salt 3.Preparation of soluble salt (Method II) Copper(II) sulphate

4. Preparation of insoluble salt Lead(II) iodide Topics Labelled Diagram for the Set-up of Apparatus/ Structural Formula

H Manufactured Substances in industry Polymerisation C =

CH3 C

H H Propene

Polypropene

Cl

Cl

C CC H Chloroethene H H

C C H H

Polivinly chloride (PVC)

Alloys Arrangement of atoms in a metal and an alloy. Arrangement of atoms in pure metal Arrangement of atoms in alloy(Bronze)

Rate of reaction Gas is collected using water displacement for carbon dioxide gas, oxygen and hydrogen

Carbon Compound

Alcohol Dehydration

Oxidation of alcohol and esterification through reflux

KERTAS 2

1.

Table 1 shows three elements , M, N and Q and their proton number and nucleon number respectively. Element M N Q Proton number 3 11 19 Table 1 (a) State the nucleon number of Q if the number of neutron is 20. . [ 1 mark ] (b) (i) What is the number of electron in an atom M? . [ 1 mark ] (ii) Write the electron arrangement for atom N. . [ 1 mark ] (iii) What is the group of the above elements? . [ 1 mark ] State two physical properties of the elements above. [ 2 marks ] Nucleon number 7 23 -

(c )

(d) In an experiment, an element M was burnt and put into a gas jar of
chlorine gas. The experiment was repeated by using an element N. (i) Write the equation for the reaction between element M and chlorine gas. [ 1 mark ] Compare the reactivity of reaction between element M and element N with chlorine gas. Explain your answer. . [ 3 marks ]

(ii)

2.

Figure 2 shows part of the Periodic Table of Elements.

1 3 4 12 5 13

6 14 Figure 2

7 15

8 16

10 18

11

17

(a) .

P and R react to form a compound. (i) State the type of compound formed. ........ [ 1 mark ] (ii) Draw the electron arrangement for the compound formed.

[ 2 marks ] (iii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction between P and R. [ 1 mark ] (iv) The compound formed can conduct electricity in aqueous and molten state. Explain why? [ 1 mark ] (b) Q and R also react to form a compound. (i) State the type of bond formed. . [ 1 mark ] Write the formula for the compound formed. [ 1 mark ]

(ii)

(iii)

Draw the electron arrangement for the compound formed.

[ 2 marks ] (iv) State one physical property of the compound. [ 1 mark ]

(a)

Table 4 shows three elements and their proton number respectively. Element Carbon Sodium Chlorine Proton number 6 11 17 TABLE 4

Using the information in the Table 4 , explain how (i) (ii) ionic bond and covalent bond formed. [13 marks] (b) Describe an experiment to differentiate ionic compound and covalent compound in terms of electrical conductivity. [7 marks]

(a)

Transition elements are elements from Group 3 to Group 12 of the Periodic Table.

(i) Name two transition elements.


(ii) State four characteristics of transition elements. [6 marks] (b) Element M has 19 of proton number. State the Group and The Period of element M in Periodic Table. Explain your answer [5 marks]

5 (a) A pupil carried out an experiment to investigate the chemical changes that occur

to barium chloride as a result of reaction P. The result of the experiment is shown in diagram 5

Diagram 5
(i) The chemical equation for reaction P is as follows: BaCl2 + Na2SO4 BaSO4 + 2NaCl Excess sodium sulphate is added to 50 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 barium chloride. Given the molecular mass of BaSO4 = 233 (i) calculate the mass of barium sulphate formed. [ 3 marks ] (ii) Describe the experiment how to make the dry barium sulphate in the laboratory. [ 7 marks ]

KERTAS 3

Metals are arranged in the Electrochemical Series based on the potential difference between two metals. Figure 6.1 shows the set-up of apparatus to determine the order of metals in the Electrochemical Series.

Metal X plate

copper as the positive terminal in all cells

Copper plate

Copper(II) sulphate solution FIGURE 6.1 Figure 6.2 shows the readings of the voltmeter when different metals were used as X.

1 0 Volt

2 3 0

1 Volt

2 3 0

1 Volt

2 3

Cell I When magnesium was used as metal X Potential difference = V

Cell II When lead was used as metal X Potential difference = V

Cell III When iron was used as metal X Potential difference = V

1 0 Volt

2 3 0

1 Volt

2 3

Cell IV When zinc was used as metal X Potential difference = V

Cell V When copper was used as metal X Potential difference = V

FIGURE 6.2 (a) Record the voltmeter readings (potential difference) for each cell in the space provided in Figure 6.2. [ 3 marks]

(b) Construct a table and record the pairs of metals and potential difference for this experiment.

[ 3 marks] (c) Complete Table 6.3 based on the experiment. Name of variables (i) Manipulated variable : ... ... (ii) Responding Variable : ... (ii) What to observe in the responding variable : ... ... (iii) Controlled variable : ... (iii) The way to maintain the controlled variable : ... ... TABLE 6.3 [ 6 marks] Action to be taken (i) The way to manipulate variable : ...

(d)

Based on Cell I in Figure 6.2, (i) What would you observe at magnesium plate? [ 3 marks]

(ii) Write the half equations of the reaction taking place at the copper plate. [ 3 marks]

(e)

Why the voltmeter reading for Cell V is 0.0 V? .. [ 3 marks]

(f) Based on potential differences in Figure 6.2, arrange copper, magnesium, lead, iron and zinc in descending order of electropositivity of metal.

Descending order of electropositivity

[ 3 marks]

A student is given an ionic compound X and covalent compound Y. Using the suitable materials and apparatus, plan a labotary experiment to compare the electrical conductivity between the compounds of X and Y. Your explaination should include all the followings: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Statement of the problem Hypothesis All the variables List of materials and apparatus Procedure Tabulation of data [ 17 marks ]